SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions, Answers, and Explanations

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SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

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SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS............................................... 3 Part I: SAP Business Workflow FAQ ...............7 Question 1: Clarification on PR Item release .......... 8 Question 2: Undelete Work items............................10 Question 3: Workflow completing prematurely .....11 Question 4: ESS Leave request................................. 13 Question 5: Pop up message for workflow.............. 14 Question 6: Timed events ......................................... 14 Question 7: User Alternative in Workflow ............. 15 Question 8: Workflow for PB40.............................. 16 Question 9: Plant Maintenance Notification......... 16 Question 10: Downloading Workflows................... 17 Question 11: User assignment .................................. 18 Question 12: Position Basis ....................................... 19 Question 13: Approval workflow ..............................20 Question 14: Remove object type............................ 21 Question 15: Workflow for releasing requisitions 22 Question 16: Alternative Approvers........................24 Question 17: Workflow not triggered .....................24 Question 18: Workflow sent to Every Agent..........25 Question 19: Adding functions ................................ 27 Question 20: Inbox display-Transaction ............... 27 Question 21: Transferring User Outbox .................28 Question 22: Approval Users...................................29 Question 23: BUS2012 user exit not triggering ....30 Question 24: RSWUWFML......................................32 Question 25: Creating Events..................................33 Question 26: PO release workflow ..........................34 Question 27: Use position as agent .........................35 - 3-

.........................68 Question 56: Replace the user in workflow .45 Question 37: HR Infotype ..........63 Question 53: Triggering Events................................. 71 Question 59: Business workplace Inbox clean up 73 Question 60: Items to WF-BATCH............SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 28: Workflow Substitution...40 Question 33: Priority Problems.62 Question 52: SWDD configuration ...64 Question 54: Triggering events ....................69 Question 57: Resubmitted WI ......................................................4- ..................60 Question 50: Send email when invoice is posted.58 Question 48: SWUS transaction workflow .. 74 ...................................49 Question 41: PR Approval...................................54 Question 45: Release Strategies .............. Triggering ..........52 Question 43: Approval for new cost center ....................56 Question 47: List all Workflows ...... 67 Question 55: Pop-ups for workflow ...................48 Question 40: Workflow Performance ....... 37 Question 30: SD........................44 Question 36: PO Release Workflow .......39 Question 31: Display limitation.........39 Question 32: Generating index..........59 Question 49: Terminating Events...........................................................................................70 Question 58: Workflow without HR ..............................................................................42 Question 35: Debugging Business Object .........................................................................................36 Question 29: Deadline Agents..................................53 Question 44: Workflow for IDOC Error ...... 47 Question 39: Transport of General Task......46 Question 38: Workflow for material creation ...................................................................................... 61 Question 51: WF queries .. 51 Question 42: Purchasing Workflows ............... 41 Question 34: Warning Message ........55 Question 46: Error Status ........................

............................................................................................................................................................... 97 Question 78: Sending Text.................................................. 76 Question 63: Spool Failure ................. 79 Question 65: Condition Step...... 100 Question 81: How do I send reports?.....106 Part II: Table & Transaction Code Reference ...............82 Question 67: Role container value.107 INDEX.............. 81 Question 66: Virtual Attribute....89 Question 72: Email Notification.................95 Question 77: Email Recipients .........................................................SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 61: Setting Dialogue tasks ....................................................................93 Question 75: Work item execution ...........................88 Question 71: Resend Workflow ..............103 Question 84: Workflow triggers Email ......86 Question 70: Material Change Workflow ............................................................. 76 Question 62: Workflow problem..................102 Question 83: Deadline Step Missed.........90 Question 73: Error Handing .............................99 Question 80: Really Complex Email...............................................................................................84 Question 68: Audit Trace ............ 77 Question 64: Substitution Questions ..................... 101 Question 82: Different Emails ...........98 Question 79: Complex Text........94 Question 76: Work Item and Notification ...117 -5- .............................................. 91 Question 74: Distribution Lists .....104 Question 85: Accessing Tasks..........................................................................85 Question 69: Starting Workflow ...105 Question 86: Deadline Step ........................................

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions .6- .

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Part I: SAP Business Workflow FAQ .7- .

Reset strategy to initial level. workflow goes back to Level 1. This will enable the release on a step by step level. When Level 1 resets its release. For example: If rejected at 3. Once Level 3 rejects.8- . makes the necessary changes. the rejection workflow goes back to Level 1. you can utilize the workflow release strategy. who will then release the refusal. . it flows up to level 2. When Level 2 resets its release and rejects. and resubmits the PR.e. And so forth. This will send the workflow back to the level it was rejected at. Is this scenario possible with the standard workflow and BUS2009 events? A: If there is a rejection at any point. workflow goes back to level 2. the workflow goes from level 1 to level 3.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 1: Clarification on PR Item release For a PR Item level release. The requirement is now to make the workflow go in the exact reverse order. the standard workflow works like this: For a 3 level release. i. In case of any rejections in-between.

.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions If released at 1 in background.singlerelease. Go to 2 and stop. You will need to keep track of the value where it was rejected. you can then create your own custom method for that based in the bus2009.9- . From there.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 2: Undelete Work items Undelete Work items in SAP workflow Is there anyway to undelete work items in SAP workflow after I have logically deleted them already? A. No.10 - . . This will be the same as recreating the workflow because it will start at the point where it has logically been deleted. What you can do is restart the workflow using SWUE.

just to come in and edit the notification (IW52) without closing the notification properly. This is because I have an asynchronous edit task with a terminating function CLOSED. the original and current setup works fine (for example if anybody executes IW52 outside the normal workflow the workflow is marked complete).11 - . . However. Usually. This should not happen until the notification is closed.method Create. Is there any way to re-submit the work item to the inbox for completion? A.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 3: Workflow completing prematurely WF starts on creating a Service notification IW51 BUS obj 2080 -. the work item still is marked complete. I only want the workflow to register completion when the notification is set at CLOSED (Bus 2080 event CLOSED). This works fine in starting the Workflow. However if any of the agents execute a the work item in the inbox and don't close the notification -i.e. Add a 'loop until' to the step that is sent to the agent and program to loop until the status is CLOSED. If the status is not closed after the agent processes.

.12 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions then your WF will loop back to the step that sends the work item to the respective agent.

. it goes to his manager. It is only then that the Leave Approvals will work properly. I will then press the “OK” button. My question is why doesn’t this work from the manager’s portal when the same function is working inside the R/3? A. This scenario works fine. If the request is logon to R/3 and his manager approves the leave request through the same R/3 workplace. To explain further. when an employee creates a leave request through ESS. However.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 4: ESS Leave request I encountered an issue while executing an ESS employee leave request (WS20000081). I get the message saying "Information sent successfully". If you are approving from the ESS which is deployed in Enterprise Portal. the problem starts when I do the same request from his manager’s portal and I press the "Approve" button. the request goes back out from that screen. and then press the button "Quit". When I double checked.13 - . the workflow is still sitting at the manager’s inbox. you should also deploy Universal Work List.

For example: Requested start. You can accomplish this by setting up the work item priority to the highest level. requested end.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 5: Pop up message for workflow How do you set up a user to receive a pop-up reminder when he/she gets a new WF message? A. Latest start or latest end on tasks. Apply whichever may be applicable to your case.14 - . You may consider using deadline monitoring facilities. Question 6: Timed events Is it possible to create timed events? A. .

how can this be achieved? A.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 7: User Alternative in Workflow Can I define (or assign) an alternative person in the workflow? For example if I delete a user who is in my workflow list.is it also possible to substitute a user who has been deleted by another user without the workflow getting affected? If this is possible. Generally.15 - . . Of course. a more central solution is to define a 'WORKCENTER' HR object and assign all the possible agents to this work center. I think your best solution is to define a RULE that looks for the userID. is it possible that the slot for the workflow be diverted to an alternate user? A corollary question is . then build some additional logic that tells it who to look for next. You can setup substitution rules but not for deleted userIDs. substitutions are setup by the person who needs to be replaced (and only for a period of time). If it's not valid. Then set this work center as the agent of the task.

This method is similar to PB40 but without the first screen. You may want to create your own WF and (at some point) call the method APPLICANTEVENTCREATE. Question 9: Plant Maintenance Notification I am currently using a standard task TS 00008314 (BUS2038) to launch work flow when notification is created. Given this. You can create a start condition (transaction: SWB_COND) and set it to start if the notification type . how can I define notification type (only M1)? Subsequently. how I can launch a pop up or express message when notification is created. The only standard WF that comes close is 200038 but it could be too robust for what you are trying to achieve. A.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 8: Workflow for PB40 How do you set the workflow in the transaction PB40 of HR for functional mobility? A.16 - .

You can also import from an XML file into a different system in which case the builder will create a new workflow in a 'New. Question 10: Downloading Workflows Is it possible to download my workflows? A. From the workflow builder menu. For the second question .if you are trying to notify the agent that they have a task. etc. then try placing this standard task into a custom 2 step workflow template. The first step of the template should send an express mail then the next step should automatically send the task. . you can choose download from the utilities menu to get the program which includes the custom methods. attributes. Then when you save it. it will assign the unique IDs for the workflow and each task. Yes it is. You might also consider getting the program logic for any custom business objects. You can do this by going to the basic data of the business object and doubleclick the program name. choose Workflow > Import/Export and export to an XML file. Not Saved' status.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions is M1. Just make sure to document this because months from now you might not remember why it starts selectively for some and not others. From here.17 - .

Is there a better way to configure this without going through each user ID manually? A. The abbreviation will be the same as that of your rule.2005 to 12. Change the validity here.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 11: User assignment Maintaining user assignment in standard role – extending assignment date It is a policy in our company that the Security Department extends the user validity period of each user ID every year end i. 3. Go to transaction PSO4 (Maintain Infotype). You can follow these steps: 1. 4. from 12. Then go to Object Type . Lastly. selecting 1001 (Relationships).2006.31. Proceed to Object ID .RY (Responsibility). 2. We have to do this manually every year and this year. you might need to wrap the whole operation in a BDC or something for automation.31.This is the organizational id of your responsibility.e. Use F4 to get the ID. .18 - . Execute and change the infotype. I was trying to find out how to assign the validity period to a much later date than the usual annual cut off.

Check the transaction as reference for PPOCE/PPOME for organizational structures. Therefore any turnover will not affect the workflow unless the person who has quit the job is the only person for the position you are talking about.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 12: Position Basis Is Workflow position based? Is it true that workflow is position based and not person based? Does it mean that when a user quits a job.19 - . . Yes. Workflow is position based. the workflow will not be affected? A.

there is technical information. You can use this link: http://help. “Releasing a Purchase Requisition”. This will start you off. process overview and the standard SAP workflows for the purchase release process. . There is an SAP Online help that you can use for a detailed documentation in configuring an Approval Workflow.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 13: Approval workflow I would like to implement the SAP Standard Workflow for the release of purchase acquisitions.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/33/4c 9a34272a5f2ee10000009b38f83b/frameset.htm In the first chapter. Is there documentation for the configuration of an Approval Workflow? A.sap.20 - . I have access to OSS but I need a detailed guide in implementing the SAP standard.

. However.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 14: Remove object type I have created a situation wherein the ‘Z’ object in ‘SWO1’ was transposed to ‘obsolete’ by mistake. After this.21 - .” How can I reverse the mistake? A. this is not recommended and there might be unknown implications. I am not able to edit the object anymore. You can change the status in table TOJTB > Field OBSOLETE and the object can be edited again. This message appears each time I try to delete the obsolete misstep: “Obsolete object types cannot be changed again.

Run AUTOMATIC customizing. For each release code I used object type position (S) and I assigned the corresponding position ID from the organizational plan. workflow itself is not activated.22 - . the strategy seems to be correctly assigned. I have completed the release strategies and formulated an organizational plan. . When I pose a requisition. You will need to do two things to fix this.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 15: Workflow for releasing requisitions I am currently working on creating a release procedure with workflow for requisitions purposes. However. Are there any more settings that I need to maintain to activate SAP standard workflow for releasing requisitions? In my business workplace I see the message: “Workflow Wizard 'DYNAMICHIERARCHICAL': Create initialization. How do I resolve this issue? A.” When I double clicked on this message I get the error message: “Prefix number: entry missing for system DEV". I was able to maintain the workflow parameters in transaction OMGQ. 1.

23 - . You need to define the prefix numbers for the workflow definition time.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions 2. .

. You already started troubleshooting in the right track. Alternatives will then be set.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 16: Alternative Approvers How can I re-route a PO/PR to an alternate approver? A. However. it is not getting through T Code. How can this be configured correctly? A.24 - . Question 17: Workflow not triggered How do I ensure that training and event workflow is automatically triggered? When I test the object through SWUE. Go to “Latest end” tab in workflow step properties. After that. Continue on and check the linkage if it is active or not. I am able to see the event log. From there set the deadline parameters including a recipient for missed deadline items. I also tried it in SWE2 but I got the same results. it will trigger automatically.

Or: 2. user IDs. Make this list your possible agents instead of defining it as a general task. Instead of making it a general task. etc.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 18: Workflow sent to Every Agent Why are workflow items sent to everyone if agent is not determined? Why is it that the workflow items are sent to everyone if agent is not specified? I tried to go thru "PFTC_CHG" transaction by specifying the task (20000460). This is generally a two part issue and there are two possible solutions: 1. What other steps do I need to take to clarify the tasks? A. This could be based positions. Org Units. try to identify an actual list of 'possible' agents. and under "default values" Tab. the agent is defined with rule 157.25 - . If you are using a custom . Make sure your logic for determining the agent always returns an agent.

. then at the end of the logic check to see if an agent was determined and if not. Note: If you go with option 1 and at runtime the logic fails to determine an agent. then an error message is sent to the WF admin instead of the task being sent to everyone. identify a default agent (like a WF admin or business analyst) that can receive the item and investigate who to properly route it to.26 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions rule.

However. In your custom program set the parameters for type and ID (sap transaction. I have to call the workflow ‘inboxscreen’ only. I tried to use SWBP and SO01 TRANSACTION. How can this be done? A.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 19: Adding functions Adding a function module . SWI5) and call the same transaction. using call transaction statement. .How and Where How do I configure a pop-up box to appear to notify the approver when a message is sent to his inbox? A. I have to display the inbox message only. Question 20: Inbox displayTransaction Our company is in the process of customizing enduser screen using SAP GUIxt. Change the priority of the step to 'Highest' in the 'Other' tab. Use the Type US and assign ID as its user name.27 - .

SWWWLOGHIST and some more. We were able to forward the uncompleted items from her inbox using SWIA. This is not usually done.SWI5 and SWI14. Simultaneously. Create one abap report based on transaction . she would like to take all of her work items.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 21: Transferring User Outbox We need to change the username of one of the users on our system. However. .28 - . we can't find a way to forward the contents of the outbox. Is there a way to resolve this? A. you can try to work around this. which will display all work item executed by that user. completed and uncompleted onto this new account with her. Use transparent tables SWWWWIHEAD. However.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

Question 22: Approval Users
Capturing the name of the User who approves the PO Is it possible to capture the username who approves or rejects my PO?

A.

Yes you can. You can retrieve Actual agent name after workitem execution. It’s name is _WI_Actual_Agent. Move it via task parameter binding.

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SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

Question 23: BUS2012 user exit not triggering

We have an approval WF for PO(BUS2012). We have the following scenario for a PO: 1. When a PO is created it must trigger an email to respective person for approval of Release; 2. In SWEC i have set up for BUS2012 with 'CREATED' event and Oncreate option is checked; 3. In Task triggering event [standard event], we have Event 'ReleaseStepCreated' is fired; 4. In Task under OBJECT METHOD we have method: 'SINGLERELEASE'; 5. In the workflow Template we have 'RELEASESTEPCREATED' as an event; In release strategy it indicates '9' in the workflow column for Release Code. We need to use the userexit M06E0005 to use our Purchasing org requirement. However it’s not triggerring. Role is also defined but its not accepting the FM: EXIT_SAPLEBNF_005 which is of userexit M06Er0005.

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SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

Any suggestions what could be missing or need to do anything with Role.

A.

If you need to connect responsible users to Purchasing group (or even Organizational unit) to evaluate agents in WF, then you can use standard roles (transaction PFAC) with responsibilities. Responsibilities are quite flexible and time dependent.

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6C. however. This also happens even for the simple workflow "Approve notification of absence". The work item can be transferred and be seen in Outlook inbox.6C with basis support package 47 or you can import support section using transport attached to note 691774. the executable attachment cannot be found. You can use report RSWUWFML2 instead. .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 24: RSWUWFML Report RSWUWFML and executable attachments I currently run report RSWUWFML on 4. Why do these problems occur and how can it be resolved? A. It's available on 4.32 - .

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

Question 25: Creating Events
Create an Event for New Object Type I have created a new object type (ZNEW) based on new table that I also recently finished (table ZID). Creating Attributes for my new Object type was simple and I have also managed with the methods. What I would like to do now is to create event 'Created' and ‘Changed' to have the following functions: 'Created' - whenever new record is added to table ZID; 'Changed' - whenever record is updated in table ZID; Are these innovations possible? If so, how can these be done?

A.

If your table is being maintained by a custom program, you can call 'SWE_EVENT_CREATE' from the custom program to raise the events 'Created' and Changed' after the record is saved. If your table is being maintained by a standard DDIC maintenance transaction (i.e. SM30), then you can create a change document (SCDO) function and link the events of your new business object to the change document (SWEC).

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SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

Question 26: PO release workflow

I'm using the ‘ReleaseStep’ created event to trigger my custom PO release workflow . However, this event is triggered even if the release is canceled. How can I configure the system such that my workflow would automatically notify the user (by mail) that it has been cancelled but it still needed to be completed? A second problem I encountered was with the configuration of the ReleaseStepCreate as the trigger event. When I did this, the ReleaseStepCreate triggers the next work item to the approver. This should not happen automatically. How can I trigger workflow so that PO is created or that only one level is released when necessary? How can I stop the automatic workflow trigger when the release is cancelled?

A.

You can handle this before IMM after the WF is triggered and then pass it to your inbox. From there, apply some logic for cancelled release and set the trigger accordingly. Or: In the basic data section, start event tab, and then specify conditions. - 34 -

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

Question 27: Use position as agent
How do I pass the position to the container from the business object? I hav e actually copied BUS2013 and want to pass the position from the BOR to WF container. What should be the type of the container? Should the agent be an expression in the activity of the WF?

A.

You need to create parameters in BO event and pass position to this. From the event container, you can then map to the workflow container. Under normal circumstances, you would create an element in the WF and link it to the one in your object. But this would mean that: 1. The element exists in your object as a parameter of the event that will trigger the WF; 2. That before you fire off the event, you populate the parameter of the event with the position;

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36 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 28: Workflow Substitution Is there an existing report sy stem or mechanics within the SAP to determine who the approver has substituted with? To illustrate. I am not aware of any standard report mechanism availability in SAP. What you do is check with the HRUS_D2. . but USER1 substituted to USER2 for approval. USER1 is the approver. an example would be: PR release task. Is there a report to determine to reflect that USER1 has substituted to USER2? A. It is the table where you can find the active substitutes for user.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 29: Deadline Agents I am having problems using an expression to identify recipients of a deadline notification. of which is also a container element. If I fill that container element with a type "user": like USZTESTID1. The format of the expression is the first 2 characters representing the "type" of the agent. The rest is the agent itself. if I fill the container element with a type "role": like AGZTESTROLE1. An excerpt from the online documentation: . the problem occurs only when I utilize a Role as a recipient.37 - . For Rule (AC) and Role (AG) expression cannot be used. More specifically. it works fine. AG = Role’ Is this possibly a bug with RSWWDHEX? If so. ‘US = User. how can this be resolved? A. The latest complication I encountered was having the recipient as an expression. But. the recipient does not receive anything.

. Alternatively. but also a role or an object of Organizational Management such as a position.38 - .” Objects of Organizational Management are referred to as “organizational unit. Role and Rule are not considered objects of OM. work center”. you can define a container element that contains the object of Organizational Management at runtime or a rule for dynamic agent determination. an organizational unit or a work center. job. a Job.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions “You can specify not only a system user. position.

The answer lies in table HRS1201. Triggering I want to trigger my workflow whenever a billing document gets cancelled. Question 31: Display limitation Is there a way to limit the display to inbox -workflow tasks only? A.39 - . generate and then add this as a system wide delegate for VBRK. But "VBRK" doesn't have event "CREATED". Afterwards. . what is event "ASSIGNED"? A.Created) through the ‘change documents’ (SWEC). You can get this new event to raise (VBRK.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 30: SD. So how do I trigger my workflow? Also. It only has an event called "ASSIGNED". For that I wanted to use "VBRK" business object. Check to see if the field ‘Background’ does not contain an X. If it doesn’t then it's a dialog task. Create a subtype of VBRK and add a new event 'created'.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 32: Generating index What is the purpose of button "Refresh index" in screen "Standard task: Maintain Agent Assignment" (in menu Additional data>Agent assignment>Maintain)? A.40 - . the code function RH_TASK_AGENTS_I NDEX is executed. . Generally. When you push that button. The refresh button just populates this cluster. the agents for a task are stored in a cluster (index).

the deadline monitor job triggers 500 of Ordinary Order Workflows. parameter max connection. if an Outage Order workflow comes. It is currently taking 1 minute for each workflow to finish. . You can try more connection. Find something in transaction SMOS. One is for Ordinary Orders and another is for Outage orders. it has to wait in SM58 queue for 35 minutes before it gets executed. We have 15 work process allocated to generate workflows. it is taking at least 35 minutes to complete all of them. In the mean time.m.. Hence. The Ordinary order workflows take 1 minute to complete.41 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 33: Priority Problems Solving Priority Problems in Workflow We have 2 different types of workflows. Our system is designed so that every morning at 12:00 a. Is there a way to re-program the cycle so that a higher priority is assigned to the Outage order workflows than the Ordinary Order workflows? A.

The User Approves the PR.6c). Step 3.7. While executing the workitem. What we need is for the user to get a warning or error message whenever this happens. The User gets a workitem in the outlook. Step 2. you have to use . We encounter cases wherein the user approves the PR but the approval does not reach the subsequent level because of an error in the process of releasing. A.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 34: Warning Message Display a warning message from a background job We currently have a PR release workflow that is structured as follows: Step 1.42 - . he sees a Decision step. For 4. Errors are reflected in the return table. Users do not want to go back to Outlook inbox to check for confirmation or error mails as it slows down the work process. You can use TH_POPUP (via a background job) in an old release R/3 (4. How can this be done? Is there a way to pop a message for the user while he is in the same dialog sequence? Generally. The PR is released in the background (using std BO2105). Step 4.

This will work in background mode.43 - . For example: if system called ‘SAPprd’ Use Code: CALL FUNCTION 'TH_POPUP' DESTINATION 'sapprd_PRD_00'.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions the CALL FUNCTION with the DESTINATION parameter. .

switch on the event trace SWELS and view SWEL. To trace the events. From there you can easily debug methods. SWO1.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 35: Debugging Business Object Is it possible to debug Business Object? Is it also possible to get a trace of the Business Object Event triggers and Method Calls? A. You can also debug attributes by placing the breakpoint and then initiating the object. A breakpoint in one of the binding FMs would be useful here. To debug a BOR method you just need to put a breakpoint in your method and test the same. instantiate the business object.44 - . In TR. If what you mean by debugging a method for a trigger event – is the method in a task that is triggered by an event. . then you will have to debug all the way through the workflow engine from the point where you raised the event (SWUE) until the task calls the method.

.45 - . From there. you would know how to proceed. WF provided by SAP: WS20000075. You could start by taking a look at the Std.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 36: PO Release Workflow Workflow for Purchase order release Procedure How do you start the configuration for the Purchase order release Procedure? A.

we wish to integrate these operations via workflow. In addition. Afterwards. The credit/debit is committed via financial invoice. you can link workflows to different infotype operations via PA30. The employee requests a loan. . EMPLOYEET.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 37: HR Infotype Workflow for HR info type We have the following process for our HR salary loan procedure: 1. If approved. 3. Creating the HR infotype also generates business object concerns. 4. The Event linkage can be done in SWEHR3. In here. our HR consultant has created a special infotype to manage the loan request. Finance debits employee salary. Based on this procedure. The Finance department either approves or rejects. Finance credits employee account. My problem is there is no standard business object (!). 2.46 - . How do I work around special issues concerning the creation of the business object? A. The standard Business Objects for infotypes is BUS1065. (PFBASIC).

4) Finally. 2) Then. create event "CHANGE" for your BO from point 2 and for your change document from point 1 .47 - .transaction SWO1.transaction SWU_EWCD. How do I proceed to do this? A. please note the key field. Whenever a new material is created by engineering. You may follow these steps to start with: 1) Create change documents for tables of material in material master . . it must coincide with key fields of tables of material in material master . I have to design a workflow so that every other department can maintain the views.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 38: Workflow for material creation I have to setup workflow for material creation. create your WF start of triggering event from point 3.transaction SCDO. 3) Afterwards. The requirement is that there should be flow and notification by email between departments for maintaining all the views of material master. create your own business object.

there isn't any agent assignment in any of the systems I'm transferring it to. During the development process.1H.0A-3. and for versions 3. Currently we're on version 4.7.48 - .1G. Then you can create a transport request for making a task general. I'm either setting the task as General task or I'm assigning it to an Org structure. But for some reason. and none in these projects have knowingly made any changes. promising that it would be OK from 3. when I'm transporting it now. Previously. Go to transaction OOCR and clear the field Value Abbr. I found one SAP-note (72715) on it. Is there any way to resolve this? A. . What I know is that since the last time I put up a WF we have started implementing CRM and also starting to use the HR functionality. there hasn't been any problem.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 39: Transport of General Task I've got a problem with the agent assignment. for line TRSP CORR. I've checked. but it was from 2001.

. 100000 records.e. should I anticipate a performance issue? Shall we go for Event queue in this case? If we go for event queue administration.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 40: Workflow Performance In my scenario. a particular WF is going to be triggered after data migration of approx. Whether should we select linkage type as – Mark linkage as having errors? 2. For your requirements. Inputs for parameters for Background job scheduling: In respect of – Number of events to be read (considering case of 100000 records) and time interval. around those many instances will be created. i.49 - . you can use transaction SMQS and SWEQADM. My question is. mode. we need inputs on the following points: 1. Another factor to consider is if we can mention event delivery sequential and asyn. for this case? A.

then activation of event queue is always advisable.50 - . Keep in mind how many work processes you are assigning for event queue.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions If there is more work item. .

Necessarily. you can maintain the person(s) to whom you want to send email. It will check the key field of bus2105 that is PR. corresponding method will be in your BUS2105 object type. This requires a bit of abap work but from here. See if you can use related transparent tables r t1 6FS and t16fc. directly go to table and check the release strategy codes.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 41: PR Approval Notification by email after PR has been completely approved I have workflow in use for PR release strategy. . but this event is triggered every time PR Release code is approved. I am guessing ZBUS2105 or whatever you have already created. You need to add one step which will be based on release strategy.51 - . in other words PR is released for PO and emails should be sent to those agents. I tried to use the event 'Released' (BO BUS2105). How can I fix this? A. The requirement is after all agents involved have approved the PR.

. Then. but it is not throwing the messages to the user in his SAP inbox. Do workflow configuration by just running the transaction. Make changes as required. create organization in workflow/HR area.52 - . Set the triggering event. What could be the conflict here and how could this be resolved? A. It should work smoothly afterwards. From there copy std workflow WS20000075 to a customized workflow.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 42: Purchasing Workflows Standard workflow in Purchase requisition and Purchase order What are the required settings to be done for activating the standard workflow in purchase order and purchase requisition? I tried the setting up one for the organizational plan.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 43: Approval for new cost center I have a requirement for approving new cost centers . I have to send approval for n level. There is no SAP standard cost center approval workflow. Is there any standard cost center approval workflow? A. Workflow can only automate an existing process or a process you are about to develop. . get the approvals and then create the CC.When the user creates cost center.53 - . One option would be to design a process where you store the data in a Z table.

Go to the IDOC configuration. . From there. Then.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 44: Workflow for IDOC Error What are the configurations or steps needed for the IDOC error notification workflows to work? A. Set the "Business object" and event to be used. activate the event linkage in task.54 - . Lastly. search from the corresponding standard task in PFTC. you can define the agents who were receiving the message in IDOC configuration.

and assigned Agent ID to release codes. If there are any user decision steps to make. Afterwards. As you are using standard template in SWDD_CONFIG transaction. everything should work fine. RELEASESTEPCREATED in SWE2. From here. You just need to link the workflow template to BUS2012.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 45: Release Strategies SAP standard workflow for release strategies I need to implement the SAP standard workflow for release strategies for PR. . Now to use the SAP standard workflow for release strategies is it possible to just use workflow template 40000001 (WWW scenario: release of purchase requirement)? What are the steps that I need to perform to use this template for my workflow? A. You may also need to activate the event linkage. you need to define agents. and then test it. you can change the workitem descriptions in accordance to the requirements. I have done all the customization required for release strategies. maintained release codes as workflow relevant.55 - .

It stays in 'ERROR' status. Your work flow will then be completed.56 - . The problem is that if the original workflow errors and then a new workflow is triggered for the same document. Meanwhile. the graphical workflow log shows that the wait step has been triggered. . From hereon. Press 'Restart after error' and then 'Complete manually'. You can try to enter the work item in change mode. then the original workflow is not completed. Is it possible that a workflow in error could still be completed or is it only possible for a workflow that is in 'In-Process' state? A. Do this by going to display task-->menu option--> technical work item displayàedit--> change. Or another option would be logically deleting the work item. you will find the buttonà delete logically.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 46: Error Status Possibility to complete a workflow with an 'ERROR' status The workflow I'm supporting has a wait event that is supposed to be completed if a new workflow is started for the same FIPP document.

That will not affect the new workflow that is in process. If the workflow is going to reflect ‘error’ every time a new WF starts for the same document.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions As another workflow is in process for the same document. you can delete workitem logically. you may need to handle error in workflow.57 - . .

. TG and WS. Use se16 and table name 'HRSOOBJECT'. It also lists Roles but you can restrict by selecting TS. Or another option is to use the transaction SWE2/SWETYPV. It will list all the workflows.58 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 47: List all Workflows What is the transaction code for listing all the workflows in the system (including standard & customized workflows)? A. and check the active type linkage.

If you want to check that whether any workflow has started or not. The SWUS SAP transaction is utilized to test the workflow. .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 48: SWUS transaction workflow What are the relevant details of SWUS transaction workflow? What is the difference between the ‘Execute’ and ‘Execute with debugging on mode’? Why is it that if a task works fine using the ‘Execute with debugging mode’. If you have created the workflow template in wbuilder. you can check with the log. Supply the WS and 8 digit name of your task appropriately. it doesn’t work at all if I use the ‘Execute’ mode only? A.59 - . then you can test it as well. you can diagnose it using transaction SWUD. If your workflow template is not working as expected. Pass the data in ‘input’ push button.

60 - . How can this be resolved to fulfill the requirement? A. T his event is also triggered with 'CHANGEDSIGNIFICANTLY' event. In check function module you can define your own conditions when to pass this event to the receiver (in your WF template). However. The problem is my workflow is triggering on the event 'RELEASESTEPCREATED' for Bus2105. . It is one of the best solutions. I tried to configure the start-condition as well as define a wait-event step. both do not work and the workflow continues to trigger. Module. The price is also a criterion to determine the release strategy. In type linkage you can attach your own Check Function module.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 49: Terminating Events Problems defining a terminating event I have a requirement that if the PR is changed during the PR release then the workflow does not need to start. when someone changes the value of the PR. Try to put the conditions in Check function module. T his is dependent on how you would you like to go. You can also possibly redefine your release strategy with the help of MM guy. Check fn. The workflow is triggered as well. in PR classifications.

One is to use user-exit or BAdI to send mail using transaction commit.61 - . . your best bet is to use start conditions looking for LIFNR = 10025.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 50: Send email when invoice is posted How could I create a simple workflow to let the system post an invoice for a specific customer? Is it possible to send an email only in that situation: Customer (10025)? A. Two is to check a customer data in WF. Look for BUS2081 -->event: assignedà createdà postedà blockedPriceà blockedQuantà releasedà cancelledà parkedà completedà approvedà àdeletedàcompletedChangedàcompletedToRelease . To ensure that it only fires for a specific customer. You have two ways to send mail.

62 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 51: WF queries Why is it that my workflow is intermittently sending two emails for verification on the leave application WF? A. . Re-check the WF definition. The function of receiving mails is dependent on your WF definition.

63 - . SWDD is used to create your own WF templates. agents and step names. On the other hand. This transaction allows you to make changes like workitem texts.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 52: SWDD configuration What is the difference between SWDD and SWDD configuration? A. SWDD_CONFIG is used to make changes to SAP WF templates. .

64 - . I checked the release strategy for them and found all of them had '9' in the workflow column for Release Code. When a PO is changed (Value/new line item) and its approval is still in process a ‘Blocked state’ event ‘CHANGED’ is fired.SA(BUS2013) and Contracts(BUS2013). Changes made were as follows: 1. When a PO is changed when it is in a Release state. This is not materializing for SA and Contracts.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 53: Triggering Events ReleaseStepCreated did not trigger BUS2013/BUS2014 We have approval WF for PO(BUS2012). 2. WF templates. We also have the following scenario for a PO: 1. Any suggestions what could be missing? More recently. event 'ReleaseStepCreated' is fired along with 'CHANGED'. I had to change the workflows for PO/SA/Contracts. 2. . Created a custom task with logic.

ME32L and ME33K do not reset the release back in blocked status. Confusion was caused by the facts that: 1. There was no change and movement in the BUS2013 and BUS2014. When we change an SA/Contract. transport was moved to Quality system. Even the standard transactions were not moved (assuming some change due to application of SAP patches). This is why event ReleaseStepCreated is not triggered. Unfortunately . Created FM. 3.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions 3. 4. There was no move in the customization. During testing. ME32L and ME33K started behaving in same manner as in development box. 4. I checked in our quality s ystem and found that ME32L and ME33K work fine during changes. 2. the following were observed: 1. I checked with the functional team and they said nothing changed in release strategy. what could we have missed during configuration and troubleshooting? Why is the ReleaseStepCreated not triggering BUS2013/BUS2014? . Created a custom object for the method in 2. 2. Assuming that my development is independent of these transactions. 3.65 - . My question is.

66 - . The release strategy with '9' in Workflow points to User Execute EXIT_SAPLEBNF_005. Check SM58 to get an error listing of RFC workflow error calls. . You can check two things to determine what is wrong. it is not able to return any WF Agents. From hereon.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions A. Do the following: 1. Check design of EXIT_SAPLEBNF_005. 2. you will know for sure where the conflict started.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 54: Triggering events Triggering BUS2105.significantlychanged Which changes in a purchase requisition would be considered applicable to Workflow? A. . These would be the changes that lead to a new Release group or Release strategy.67 - .

. It will send an express message to the Respective Agent. You can either send an Express Email message.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 55: Pop-ups for workflow Is it possible to configure the SAP workflow to have a pop-up message sent to the approver in the instance that Purchase Requisitions are ready for them to act on? A. or if it is a workitem.68 - . then make the Priority = 9.

If it is maintained using work center you need to update the work center in accordance to your requirements. How can I configure this into the existing set-up? A. No other details were given for the required task except that user A is no longer with the organization.69 - . Go to that particular IDOC configuration (t-code WE20) and find the agents attached there. .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 56: Replace the user in workflow I have a requirement to have User A be replaced with User B in a workflow. If the agent is determined through user id you can change the user id to B.

write an OSS and let SAP sort it out. I can't find anything wrong in the documentation. I also checked all of our batch jobs in the system that is supposed to take care of these programs: RSWWDHEX RSWWCLEAR RSWWCOND RSWWDHEX RSWWERRE Everything seems to be running smoothly. If it’s nothing else in operations then it's their functionality that's not working.70 - . First. I would recommend you to search through previous operational notes if this had happened before. Where is the bottleneck coming from? Why is the resubmitted work not coming in the inbox automatically? A. .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 57: Resubmitted WI Resubmitted WI doesn't get triggered I discovered that there are some work items that were put for re-submission until Oct 1st 2005 that haven’t been returned to the inbox yet. Second. I checked SWU3 and everything seems to be working fine. The log indicates status 'waiting'.

Can you please let me know how we can implement Workflow . positions.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 58: Workflow without HR Workflow implementation without HR Our client is planning to implement a few FI and MM workflow as part of the Release 1 implementation. They will not have HR in SAP at that time (HR will be in Release 2 implementation). you may assign Agents with assigned Users as is necessary in support of WF.Agent Assignment. jobs. Then create custom FMs tied to a RULE which would query the table and. without HR? If we need to do approval then will we need approval hierarchy? A. and every other needed object.71 - . based on . In transaction PPOM. User Identification etc. Part of HR necessary for WF may be used without implementation HR. define organization structure. You still can define an Org Hierarchy without HR. A third option will be to build a custom table to hold the agent information. Roles can be based on the custom function module also. Your second option is to define roles and use those roles in the agent assignment.

72 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions the information in the workflow containers. . Our screen looked like a hierarchy so they used the drop-down to select the agents. Using this. they could visually see to whom and in what order the work items would be routed. determine which agent(s) to route the work item to. If you go this route. consider creating a custom transaction and give the users a custom screen (and not sm30) to maintain the table.

I would strongly recommend using an archive instead. Archive out your completed workitems via SARA. This is because you may end up unnecessarily deleting items that you did not want to. . This is an extreme operation though. This way. you can retrieve files whenever necessary.73 - . You should also run SWWH (program RSWWHIDE) to delete the workitem history for those workitems.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 59: Business workplace Inbox clean up I'd just like to know if there's a way for the basis admin to delete unwanted/old mails in the business workplace. Transaction SWWL (program RSWWWIDE) will delete workitems periodically but you need to be extremely careful running it in a productive environment. Is there an abap program which I can schedule once a month? A. object WORKITEM.

items go to WF-Batch's inbox (with status of READY). Check and make sure that you bind the initiator from your custom workflow to your sub-workflow. . then check the workflow to task bindings.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 60: Items to WF-BATCH Released items go to WF-BATCH inbox instead of WF_Initiator I created a new workflow and inserted standard workflow WS20000077 inside (so I can add additional custom steps later). and the same settings. There should be a blank entry for the workflow initiator. instead of going to the initiator/agent. You may also need to go to the activity step where you've defined the subworkflow. It worked fine until Purchase Requirement was released. Why is it then that the items go to WFBatch and not the initiator/agent? A. This appears to be a binding issue. which you can just bind to the actual agent in your workflow container.74 - . The interesting thing is that if I deactivate my workflow and activate WS20000077 all by itself it works fine (user who initiated workflow gets a message stating requirement was released). The next step should have been to send notification to WF_Initiator. I have the exact same steps and tasks in my workflow. However.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions If you can't see this entry (and I think this is why you couldn't find it).75 - . just expand the list of possible bindings with the green down arrow button. .

the value is true. you will get a pop-up. Go to Task--> additional data-->agents->maintain agents screenàclick on properties. I use condition activity. Question 62: Workflow problem I use the User decision activity as one of the step of workflow. then select "general task". But if I check the value in the container. What could be the problem in the workflow? A. This works properly but after the step in workflow.76 - . This is either a binding or buffering problem. . Check the definition of your container elements correctly and proceed from there. This would reflect the condition as always false.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 61: Setting Dialogue tasks How can I set the foreground/dialogue tasks to "general tasks"? A. In there.

How can this be configured? A. check the event log after a spool failure occurs (SWEL . there is another approach that could be taken. then try the following: .make sure it's switched on!) to see whether anything is raised for your test case. The first thing to do is to check whether it's possible to trigger a workflow based on a spool failure. you're pretty much there you can just create a very simple one-step workflow based around a notification mail (something using SELFITEM or STD_TEXT should do it).SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 63: Spool Failure Sending a message to user inbox on spool failure When we create a Purchase order and print the same or send it via mail. In case the spool fails. a spool is created. Often that's the only way to get a true answer to this sort of problem. To do this. a message should be sent to the user who created the spool. Do the following steps: 1) Check OSS notes to see whether there's any configuration you need to do to get your event to rise you might even put in a query yourself.77 - . If this does not work. If you do have an event. If you draw a blank.

3) If that fails. you could raise your event programmatically using 'SWE_EVENT_CREATE'. then set that ABAP to run as a scheduled job.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions 2) See whether there's a user exit that gets called if the spool fails .78 - . .if so. you could look at writing an ABAP report to raise your event based on it detecting that a spool has failed (perhaps through querying new entries in the underlying SAP table).

however the audit trail only reflected the respective user had logon to SBWP etc.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 64: Substitution Questions 1) We would like to trace which user had maintained its workflow substitution in SBWP -> settings -> workflow settings -> maintain/activate substitute. what authorization object can be modified? 4) Is there any central transaction that we can use to maintain ALL user workflow substitution that they can maintain themselves so we can use SO36 to centrally maintain the auto-forwarding for all user IDs? 5) How do you determine active and passive substitutes? .79 - . Is there any other table or tools that we can utilize to see those detailed info? 2) Are there any transactions/reports/tables we can list at present which users had set/activated his workflow substitution in SBWP? 3) If we remove the authorization for the workflow substitution in SBWP. We had already activated the audit log SM19/SM20. It did not log further detail what he had done in SBWP.

Secondly. you can create a maintenance view for this to allow mass maintenance of substitutes. CALL FUNCTION 'SWL_SUBSTITUTION_DEFINE' EXPORTING User = p_user. Lastly.80 - . take a look at table HRUS_D2. SELECTION-SCREEN END OF BLOCK selection. Avelon * *--------------------------------------------------------------------* SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF BLOCK selection WITH FRAME. From there.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions A. there is an FM to maintain users’ substitutions: ‘SWL_SUBSTITUTION_DEFINE’ Here's a little ABAP I've found on the net to call the FM: *--------------------------------------------------------------------* * Program: Z_DEFINE_SUBSTITUTE * * Author: Erik Gouw. First. look at table HRUS_D2. The 'ACTIVE' field will tell you whether the substitution is active or passive. . PARAMETERS: p_user type uname matchcode object USER_ADDR.

What I am missing here to correctly configure the TRUE and FALSE values? A. I want to continue to the next step. . and for FALSE I want to exit workflow. However. You need to add a process control step to complete the workflow in false branch. For TRUE value.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 65: Condition Step Defining Condition Step in a Workflow How do you define a condition step? In an expression. as this "next step" is the last step in a WF.81 - . when I come back to WF Builder. I can see that both results bring me to the "next step". I am checking the WF container element value.

Status of virtual attribute is 'implemented' and BO is fully generated. What can be the problem here? How can this be resolved? .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 66: Virtual Attribute I have a virtual attribute 'UserName' in my own business object. that value from virtual attribute was null.82 - . BO works fine. During the test. Data: wa_adrp type adrp. SWC_SET_ELEMENT CONTAINER 'UserName' OBJECT-UserName. END_PROPERTY. Select single f~NAME_TEXT Into corresponding fields of wa_adrp From adrp as f inner join usr21 as p On f~PERSNUMBER = p~PERSNUMBER Where p~BNAME = kod. In the code of my BO I read: GET_PROPERTY UserName CHANGING CONTAINER. But when I used this virtual attribute in the task WF and used transaction SWUS. OBJECT-UserName = wa_adrp-NAME_TEXT.

83 - . Please change the status to "Released" and try again.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions A. . If the status of the business object is "Implemented". then this is not consistent.

You should check the binding. There's no real linkage between a role container and the workflow container. how do I take Role Container Actor Tab values into work flow container element? A. In terms of a task to workflow binding.84 - . .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 67: Role container value Please help me out. Normal binding of container element from WF to task should accomplish this. unless you've created an extra step in your workflow/a virtual attribute to evaluate a role and pass the results to a workflow container element so you can set your agent assignment for a subsequent workflow step via an expression. you'd typically only want to pass back actual agent back into your workflow.

85 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 68: Audit Trace We are testing FI Document Parking Workflow Object FIPP in 4. we can see that the document is posted or entered by: WF-BATCH. This means that whenever your user makes the final approval. the posting action will kick in straight away and the document will be posted under his/her ID.7. One trick is to change the properties of whichever method you're using to post the document so that it's synchronous/dialog. than to delegate that system-wide to the super type via SWO6. Then check the 'advance with dialog' box on the task configuration screen to form a processing chain. Rather than changing the standard SAP business object. . how can we show the audit trace or log of the document was approved by the right person? A. Is it possible to get the last approver's name in the Parked by field? Or else. it's always best to create your own subtype. When the document is posted by the last approver.

The event linkage is active but that doesn't work.4). I specified my object category as ABAP Class. because my event was raised. In the workflow.86 - . I have specified to use CL events. I created my class with a static event. and it tells me that everything is working fine. I execute. object type is my "Z" class. so that it can be used in workflows. which I can select from the F4 help. why doesn’t it trigger the event correctly? How can I correct this situation? .7 (Basis 6.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 69: Starting Workflow Raise ABAP Class event to start workflow I am working on R/3 version 4. So I went to test it in transaction SWU0. and no errors or warnings exist. In here. raises the static event. and same with the event. From my understanding. which in turn. From there. All the tasks that should be started are shown. I have noticed that you can specify event linkages either a BO event or a CL event. the workflow should then be triggered. and I have specified my class and event. I have then set up all binding and everything activates fine. My question is. I created a static method in my class to raise the event. The class inherits from IF_WORKLFLOW. I have a small ABAP which calls the static method.

The issue has more to do between the linkage between the event and your workflow.. . You can also check the event queue if it is enabled (check SWEQADM). If the problem still persists after the above solutions.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions A.87 - . try raising the event via SWUE. the next step would actually be to debug the standard SAP code when you raise your event to see where it's going wrong. From there. If this still doesn’t work. While doing that.. and see if you can clearly see a mapping between your event and your workflow. a more detailed configuration solution can be mapped out. and that it should be enabled. Check out that SWE2 has been set-up correctly. check to see whether the event is being delivered there instead.

88 - . 3) Create event "CHANGE" for your BO from point 2 and for your change document from point 1 transaction SWU_EWCD. transaction SWO1. please note key field . 2) Create your own business object.it must coincide With key fields of tables of material in material master. 4) Create your WF start of triggering event from point 3.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 70: Material Change Workflow How can I configure workflow to track record for every change of material in material master? A. Do the following steps: 1) Create change documents for tables of material in material master . .transaction SCDO.

You may use transaction SWIA to execute WF without agent check. If this task has agents "Role".SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 71: Resend Workflow Resend workflow to another agent Workflow was sent to an agent but the agent is out of office. Do I have to retrigger the workflow? If not. I need to send the workflow to another agent but I do not know how. what are my options for reconfiguration? A. . it is possible to use transaction ppom for assigning the Role Users. After which you can now use transaction ppwfbuf.89 - .

It also uses SO_NEW_DOCUMENT_ATT_SEND_API1. but this function is becoming obsolete. This function module formats everything in plain text. For example. We are currently using ‘SO_NEW_DOCUMENT_ATT_SEND_API1’ function module to pass the email content. This is used to send emails in text or HTML format. . Then.90 - . our requirement is to send mail with some part of the text in a specific font and color with underlines.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 72: Email Notification We have a problem in sending formatted mail. check the "Text to be Requested”à Go inside and you can write any mail text format there. How do I reformat the function module with these requirements? A. However. There is an OSS note which solves this by replacing the call to this function module with an objectoriented approach. Another approach that you might want to try is to find in your workflow ‘created Tasks’àWorkflow BuilderàSend mail SelectàTAB Requested END. Check out report RSWUWFMLEC. it truncates the mail subject beyond the 50th character.

In your method code. I need to create a Business Object with a method that calls this transaction.91 - . Do I also need to explicitly map the data in the container of the workflow item to a BDC session before processing? A. use the ‘export to memory ’ ID ABAP commands to store the variables. .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 73: Error Handing I need to create an error handling workflow to call a screen transaction. and have seen that a BDC table is created from the data in the IDOC. how do I pass the data into the transaction so that it is processed? Normally this is done with the ‘CALL TRANSACTION’ command and pass the data via a BDC table. The workflow task will have data mapped from the IDOC into the container for the task. The trick I here is to pass the values to your custom transaction via the ABAP/4 memory. I have analyzed the IDOC_INPUT_ORDERS function module extensively. To do this. Then call your transaction. My question is.

just add an extra form which imports the variables and put them in the right place. that's for custom transactions. then your options are: 1) Find a BAPI or function module that you can call from your method instead 'BAPI_SALESORDER_CREATE’ if it's a sales order. Of course. . If it's a standard SAP screen.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions In your ‘Process Before Output’ script. Remember to clear them once they've been retrieved. 2) Create a BDC table and do call transaction as you've already suggested.92 - .

93 - . You can use the rule ac30000012 and hard code the SAP distribution list. Make sure it is a shared type format.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 74: Distribution Lists Assigning SAP Office Distribution List in Workflow Task How do I assign a distribution list instead of an orgobject in workflow task? We have a group of engineers and managers who do not have SAP log-on since the group monitoring output of this workflow is dynamic and are not part of the formal organizational structure. Does it mean that creating a dummy organizational structure will also entail updating positions and transporting it every time? A. .

How can this be resolved? A.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 75: Work item execution Work item not getting executed I encountered a problem while trying to execute a work item in the receiver’s inbox. However. . I'm putting the notification through ESS by generating web transactions. it is showing an error while executing the item: "Work item 000000021121: Object method SWW_WW_EXECUTE_S cannot be executed".94 - . Check your authorization to the transaction that is being executed. The notification is going to the inbox.

just like work items. This slows down the process. internet. However. and one recipient reads and deletes the mail. .. the workflow will not continue until the work item has been processed. when a work item is processed by one of the recipients it will automatically disappear from all the other inboxes.) whereas the work item cannot. Mails can be routed to several users. b) The work item holds up the workflow When the workflow sends a mail (usually as a background step) it continues with the process immediately after transmitting the mail.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 76: Work Item and Notification What differences are there between a work item and a notification mail? A. So you can see that a work item is unsuitable for notifying several users. The work item cannot be used to notify several users. It is also worth noting that a mail can be forwarded in many different ways (fax. Occasionally this is what is intended (using the work item as an approval step without the ability to reject) but usually you will better off using mails for notifications.. all other recipients will still have access to their own copy in their own inbox. When a mail is sent. When a work item is generated.95 - .

96 - . .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Note: You can send business objects as references with the mail either as a business object reference attached to the mail or as an URL (ABAP required).

If the mail is sent as a SAP Office mail (as opposed to e-mail..97 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 77: Email Recipients What is the difference between sending a mail to a recipient list compared to sending individual mails via a dynamic loop? A.. Performance. The only time you need to cons ider individual mails with a dynamic loop is when the text of the mail varies from one recipient to another. fax.) disk space will also be a factor because the SAP office mail will only exist once in the database. with references being created for each of the recipients. . Sending 1 mail to 20 recipients will cost considerably less performance than sending 20 individual mails.

Whichever path you take.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 78: Sending Text How do I send a standard text as an e-mail from workflow? It is very easy sending standard text . there is very good online documentation describing exactly what has to be done. This may include variables which will be substituted when mail is sent. In later releases a wizard is available for creating the step and in release 4.6 there is even a step type which does this all for you automatically. . which may include data from the workflow.98 - . In early releases you have to create your own task based on the method SELFITEM SendTaskDescription. You simply create a background step which sends the work item description.

These mails can include conditions which are evaluated in order to determine which text blocks which are used in the mail. Workflow variables can be used in these conditions and workflow variables can be substituted into the body of the e-mail text. .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 79: Complex Text How do I send a complex text from the workflow? A. You may create mails using SAPscript.99 - .

There are plenty of advantages of how these are used within the SAP system.100 - . . Use the function group SO01 which contains functions of the form SO_*_API1 which are ideal for creating your own sophisticated messages.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 80: Really Complex Email How do I send really c omplex mails from the workflow? If you this is not enough for you will probably want to write your own ABAP routines for generating the text and generating the attachments to go with the text.

without having to wait for the report to execute first.101 - . There are wizards (Release 3. You can specify whether the results should be transmitted or evaluated at the time the recipient wishes to view the report.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 81: How do I send reports? A. . It is usually better to send the evaluation because this allows the recipient to see the results instantaneously.1) which will create workflows for you to send reports to a distribution list.

3. 2.. 5. This adds new branch from the step. 4.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 82: Different Emails How can I configure the workflow so that different types of messages are sent out to different people depending on how late the processing is? A. Repeat step 5 as often as you like. Add a new step to the branch which sends a mail message. More. .. Specify a deadline period for the step. Follow these steps: 1.102 - . Specify a name for the event. Add another step to the branch which sends out the second deadline warning (see mail steps above). Use deadlines in this step to configure an earliest start so that the second message is not sent until a further time has elapsed.

Select the control "Make step obsolete" and use the search help to specify the workflow step that has the deadline. 3.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 83: Deadline Step Missed How can I configure the workflow so that when the deadline is missed the workflow step is simply skipped? A. This step must be of type "process control". Follow these steps (in later releases there is a wizard which takes you through the steps): 1. Specify a deadline period for the step.. In the terminating events view of the workflow step activate the "obsolete" event and give it a name.. More. 4. 5. More. 2.103 - . This adds new branch from the step. Only steps with obsolete paths defined will be displayed (see step 1). Specify a name for the event. . Add a new step to the deadline path... This is tricky to explain but easy to implement once you know how.

.) arrives in the system. You BOR method should either trigger the e-meil directly or trigger an event. You can customize the system to call a BOR method when an external mail (fax.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 84: Workflow triggers Email How do I trigger a workflow with an e-mail? A. To customize this user exit use the transaction SCOT. .104 - . e-mail..

105 - . Your own transaction simply calls the standard transaction but performs it's own authorization check first.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 85: Accessing Tasks How can I make sure that user's access their tasks via the workflow and not via the menu or launch pad? A. However the routing does not provide extra authorization checks based on the routing configuration. service or MiniApp. The simplest way of doing this is to remove the standard transaction from the user's menu or Workplace role (but include it in the supervisor's role. then you will have to apply your own protection. based on the routing mechanism used in the workflow. The routing mechanism for work items uses roles and organizational assignments to determine who receives which work item. If you want to ensure that the tasks are executed within the workflow. If you want to allow the user to execute the task from the menu if and only if they have received the work item then you should replace the standard transaction with your own custom built transaction. . just in case). and not via the standard transaction. Tip: Add a second (ored) authorization check to make sure that a supervisor can execute the transaction in an emergency.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Question 86: Deadline Step How do you create a new branch for a deadline step? A. By specifying the event name for a missed deadline (of whatever type) you are indirectly telling the workflow system that you want to add flow logic to your workflow to meet this event. It is followed in addition to the other paths. In other words the workflow processing specified for a missed deadline is followed without affecting the standard flow. Don't be put off by he fact that the branch does not lead anywhere.106 - . This is because the branch is not an alternative to the other results of the step. The step with the missed deadline remains where it is and can still be processed as normal .

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Part II: Table & Transaction Code Reference .107 - .

Course TAWF10 131795 Automatic e-mail notifications 125400 Modifying a productive Workflow 72923 Workflow interfaces 72923 Business Workflow Performance .108 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Important OSS Notes 322526 Debugging workflows 217229 Accessing the Consultants forum for SAP Business Workflow/WebFlow 152871 Release Upgrade considerations for workflow 134322 New Workflow Academy .

109 - . objects −> Display assignments • PFSO Organizational environment of a user • PFT Maintain customer task • PFTC General task maintenance • PFTC_CHG Change tasks Definition tools −> Task/Task groups −> Change • PFTC_COP Copy tasks Definition tools −> Task/Task groups −> Copy .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Transaction Code Reference AWUV Wizard for event creation Definition tools −> Event creation −> Set up with wizard • MCA1 Workflow Information System Reporting −> Workflow Information System (WIS) • OOAW Evaluation paths • PFAC Maintain standard roles • PFAC_CHG Change roles Definition tools −> Standard roles −> Change • PFAC_DEL Delete roles Definition tools − > Standard roles −> Delete • PFAC_DIS Display roles Definition tools − > Standard roles −> Display • PFAC_INS Create roles Definition tools −> Standard roles −> Create • PFOM Maintain assignment to SAP organizational objects Definition tools −> SAP org. objects −> Create assignments • PFOS Display assignment to SAP organizational objects Definition tools −> SAP org.

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • PFTC_DEL Delete tasks Definition tools − > Task/Task groups −> Delete PFTC_DIS Display tasks Definition tools − > Task/Task groups −> Display PFTC_INS Create tasks Definition tools −> Task/Task groups −> Create PFTR Standard task for transaction PFTS Standard task PFWF Maintain workflow task (customer) PFWS Maintain workflow template PPOC Create organizational plan Definition tools −> Organizational plan −> Create PPOM Maintain organizational plan Definition tools −> Organizational plan −> Change PPOS Display organizational plan Definition tools −> Organizational plan −> Display SWDA Ongoing Settings Administration − > Settings SWDC Workflow editor administration data SWDM Business Workflow Explorer Definition tools −> Business Workflow Explorer SWE2 Display and maintain event type linkage Utilities −> Events −> Type linkages SWE3 Display instance linkages Utilities − > Events −> Instance linkages SWE4 Switch event log on/off Utilities −> Events −> Event/log −> On/Off .110 - .

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions • • • • • • • • • • • • • SWEC Link change documents to events Definition tools −> Event creation −> Change documents −> Linkage SWED Assignment of change document objects to object types Definition tools −> Event creation −> Change documents −> Define workflow properties SWEL Display event log Utilities −> Events −> Event log −> Display SWF3 Workflow Wizard Explorer Definition tools −> Wizards −> Workflow Wizard Explorer SWF4 Workflow Wizard Repository Definition tools −> Wizards −> Workflow Wizard Repository SWI1 Selection report for workflows Utilities −> Work item selection SWI2 Work item analysis Reporting −> Work item analysis SWI3 Workflow outbox Runtime tools −> Workflow outbox SWI4 Task analysis Reporting −> Task analysis SWI5 Workload analysis Reporting −> Workload analysis SWI6 Object links Runtime tools −> Object links SWI7 Workflow resubmission folder From Integrated Inbox or Workflow Outbox SWI8 Error overview Part of administration of workflow runtime system (transaction SWUF) .111 - .

0 SW01 Business Object Builder Definition tools −> Business Object Builder SW06 Customizing object types From Business Object Builder.SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • SWL1 Settings for dynamic columns Customizing.0 SWLP Copy plan version SWLV Maintain work item views Customizing. part of ongoing settingS SWLW Workbench for Workflow 3. part of ongoing settings SWLC Check tasks for agents Utilities −> Consistency check −> Organizational assignment SWLD Workbench for Workflow 4.112 - . choose Settings −> Delegate −> System-wide SWU0 Event simulation Utilities −> Events −> Simulate event SWU2 RFC monitor Utilities −> Workflow RFC monitor SWU3 Customizing consistency check Utilities −> Customizing SWU4 Consistency check for standard tasks Utilities −> Consistency check −> Task − > Standard task SWU5 Consistency check for customer tasks Utilities −> Consistency check −> Task − > Customer task SWU6 Consistency check for workflow tasks Utilities −> Consistency check −> Task − > Workflow task .

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • SWU7 Consistency check for workflow templates Utilities −> Consistency check −> Task −> Workflow template SWU8 Switch technical trace on/off Utilities −> Technical trace −> On/off SWU9 Display technical trace Utilities −> Technical trace −> Display SWUD Diagnostic tools Utilities −> Diagnosis SWUE Trigger event Utilities −> Events −> Generate event SWUF Runtime system administration Administration −> Runtime system SWUG Workflow start transactions Definition tools −> Workflow start transactions SWUI Start workflows From the R/3 initial screen. choose Office −> Start Workflow SWUS Start tasks Runtime tools −> Start workflow SWUY Wizard for message linkage to workflow Definition tools −> Wizards −> Create "Call workflow from message" SWX1 Create notification of absence SWX2 Change notification of absence SWX3 Display notification of absence SWX4 Approve notification of absence SWXF Form applications: Access point Environment −> Demo examples −> Fill out form Reports .113 - .

114 - .SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions • • RSWWWIDE – Delete work items RHSOBJCH to fix PD Control Tables Tables • SWW_OUTBOX -Lists Workflows in outbox together with status • SWW_CONT -Container Contents for Work Item Data Container • SWW_CONTOB -Container Cont. for Work Item Data Container (Only Objects) • SWWLOGHIST -History of a work item • SWWORGTASK -Assignment of WIs to Org.Units and Tasks • SWWUSERWI -Current Work Items Assigned to a User • SWWWIHEAD -Header Table for all Work Item Types .

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions .115 - .

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions .116 - .

...........43 change mode work item.....................80 Creating Events............................................ 15 Business Object.......................98 Condition Step .......................28 Approval workflow ...........SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions INDEX Accessing Tasks ..................................................................10 BUS2009 ........104 active and passive substitutes..................................32 Deadline Agents............................ 19 Audit Trace........29 BUS2038 ................................105 Deadline Step Missed ......84 BOR .............................................102 ................... 47..........................99 Complex Text...........................................................................................................................................................36 Deadline Step..................................................................................................................................................................................26 agent assignment ................................................117 - ........................55 completing prematurely workflow ..............................10 Complex Email..... 7 BUS2012........................................................................34 Bus 2080 ................................................................................................... 78 Adding functions ......................................................................................23 Approval Users ................................................................... 83 Alternative Approvers........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70............................................

................24 ............................................................. 87 material creation ......................................... 4...................................................................................................................... 72.............................38 Distribution Lists............ 12 executable attachments.65 General Task .................................................96 Emails sending different versions ................................. 110 IW52.......... 48................. 96..................................................................................................................................................................55 ESS leave request .......................................................................................... 57 Maintain Infotype....................................... 21 PB40.................................43 Dialogue tasks...............118 - ........ 107..................90 Error Status......................................... 14 Inbox ............................................... 16 Email workflow triggers... 47 Generating index .................................................3.......................................... 26.................................................. 12 Error Handing .................................................10 List all Workflows.... 15 Performance .....................4.....89 Email Recipients.......................39 HR Infotype...SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Debugging ...................................... 4....... 101 employee leave request...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................92 Downloading Workflows ........................................................ 123 PFAC.....................................................................103 Email Notification ....................................46 OMGQ....... 31 EXIT_SAPLEBNF_005 ..............45 HR object ........................................... 17 Material Change Workflow .................. 75 Display limitation .............................................................................................................................30 PFTC_CHG .........................................................................................................

........................................................................................................... 21 Remove object type...........33 releasing requisitions ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................52 PR Approval email notification ..................................................89 RSWWDHEX ........................................................................................................................88 Responsibility ..............68 reports..................SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions Plant Maintenance ...................... 7 Priority Problems ..............................................................69 Role container value ..................................69 ................................................. 18 PPOCE.. 51 Refresh index .........................................................................................................................................33 PO Release Workflow ... 13 position based .....................................................................54 ReleaseStepCreate..............................................................................83 RSWUWFML .... 18 pproval for new cost center.......................20 Replace the user in workflow ............................... 7 release strategies.................................54 Release Strategies.................. 18 Position Basis ................................................44 Pop up message ........................ 18 PPOME .................................... 15 PO release workflow ...................................................... 7 PR item level...................................................................................................40 Purchasing Workflows................................................................................................ 100 Resend Workflow ................. 31 RSWUWFML2. 31 RSWUWFMLEC ..................................................... 17 Resubmitted WI ...........39 release level 3 .....119 - ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50 PR Item release................................

.......62 SWDD_CONFIG ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................40 SMQS ..........................95 Use position as agent ......................... Triggering .............................. 97 Service notification ..........................20 Triggering events.......................85 Substitution ...................................................................................................................... 20..10 SMOS ............................................................................................................................................. 78 Spool Failure .. 76 Starting Workflow .......................................................48 SO36....................................................... 87 SD............ 76 SWELS ..................26 SWDD .................14.................... 43 SWUE ..............SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions SBWP .................................. 86 SWUS ............................................................................................................. 9 URL ............................................................................... 27 Terminating Events................................59 TOJTB..........................63 undelete .......................................................38 Send email when invoice is posted .....................................................................................66 Triggering Events ........................................................................43 SWI5............................................................................................................... 78 SCDO ......120 - ...................................................................................... 17 user exit .....54 SWE2.................................... 23............. 79 SWBP ...................................................................................................60 Sending Text ...........................................................................................................................................34 User assignment ................................................................... 78 substitutions .......... 43.......................... 27 SWO1..............................................................................................9...............................................................................................23 SWEL .........................................................................................................58 SWWWWIHEAD................................

SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

not triggering ..............................................................29 User Outbox transferring ................................................................. 27 Virtual Attribute............................................................. 81 warning message ....................................................... 41 Warning Message ........................................................... 41 WE20 ...............................................................................68 WF queries ...................................................................... 61 WF-BATCH ..................................................................... 73 WI doesn't get triggered .........................................69 Work Item notification ..................................................................94 Work item execution......................................................93 Work items undelete ......................................................................... 9 work process ...................................................................40 Workflow for IDOC Error .............................................53 Workflow not triggered .................................................23 Workflow problem ......................................................... 75 Workflow sent to Every Agent......................................24 Workflow Substitution ..................................................35 Workflow without HR ....................................................70 workitem....................................28, 41, 54, 56, 62, 67, 72

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SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

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SAP Business Workflow Interview Questions

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