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From mid-Oct. 1862, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant made several attempts to take Vicksburg. In the spring of 1863 he prepared to cross his troops from the west bank of the Mississippi River to a point south of Vicksburg and drive against the city from the south and east. It was the final significant battle of the Vicksburg Campaign In an arrangement of extraordinary tactics Union Major General Ulysses Grant and his army from Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and moved the Lt. General John C. Pemberton led Confederate army behind defensive lines around the city. Vicksburg was upon 200 foot high cliffs above the Mississippi River, which meant that an army could pour on fire power on ships and soldiers. After the two failed attempts to attack the city Grant decided to lay siege.