P. 1
Study Smarter Not Harder

Study Smarter Not Harder


|Views: 1,039|Likes:
Published by nqnghi

More info:

Published by: nqnghi on Oct 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





If you put time on your side, practice good planning, and follow your plan,
you’ll have no more sweaty palms, knocking knees, and stomach butterflies!
But you’ll still feel keyed up. That’s natural, and it will actually help you be
“on” for your presentation. But you won’t be tempted to run and hide under
the nearest desk.

If possible, do a quick run-through a few minutes before you are scheduled
to speak. Read through your written speech to bring all the details back to
the front of your mind. Then take a few deep, relaxing breaths, stride up to
the front with confidence, and go for it!

The good news is, the more you talk in front of an audience, the more
comfortable you’ll feel. Give yourself every opportunity. When you taste the
special feeling of having the audience with you, you may get hooked on
public speaking. That’s good, because it’s a life skill you’ll use again and

Use These Suggestions
for Your Own Project

Do you have a class that requires a long-term project such as a term paper or
oral report? Could that project benefit from the suggestions in this chapter?
Write which techniques you plan to use and what results you expect.







The Secrets of Getting Better Grades________________________________________________


© Park Avenue, an imprint of JIST Publishing, Inc.


Juanita felt a wave of nausea as she heard the teacher assign a five-
minute “speech to convince” for a week from Friday. Juanita had a
strong mind and a great awareness of other people, but that very
combination made her painfully shy. All her life, she had managed to
avoid speaking in public. She died a thousand deaths just thinking
about getting up in front of a group. What would she find to say? How
would she hide her embarrassment? Maybe that Friday she’d just call
in sick.

Juanita was scared silly, but she had a tough streak. She knew she wanted to
make a mark on the world, and her shyness might always hold her back. It
was time to face the music. So Juanita laid out a schedule for choosing a
theme, finding data to support her points, outlining her thoughts, and writing a
draft. She would complete the draft by Wednesday, leaving a full three days to

As she finished each task in her plan, Juanita felt a little less scared. She
picked an interesting topic, and enjoyed reading about it in the library. She
began to outline her main points, and remembered she needed to connect
with the audience.... The audience!!! That old fear welled up and Juanita broke
out in a cold sweat. But wait a minute. Who was that audience? Just her
school friends, after all, thought Juanita. She imagined her classmates grow-
ing fangs and horns, sprouting wings and long tails, drooling, hissing, and
belching great flames. She exploded into giggles at the thought. This image
helped her relax, and she decided to make a joke about it at the beginning of
her speech.

By Wednesday morning, she had the makings of a good speech. A good
beginning, pretty good transitions, a poster to talk from, and a definite ending.
Wednesday afternoon, she read the draft through three or four times, fine-
tuning the words to make them more natural. Then she underlined the key
phrases and drew a mind map to help her remember them. She taped this to
the back of the poster.

As Friday approached, Juanita felt reasonably confident, but now and then
little flames of dread still licked at the corners of her brain. She still couldn’t
picture herself actually getting up there and delivering the speech. But she
stuck to the plan.

Juanita practiced giving the speech out loud from her notes. She practiced
over and over, and pretty soon a picture began to form in her mind. It was her,

_________________________________Chapter 5: Writing Papers and Presenting Oral Reports


© Park Avenue, an imprint of JIST Publishing, Inc.

in class, preparing to give her speech. She saw herself stepping up to the
front…introducing her topic (the audience laughing at her joke!)…moving
smoothly through the main points…showing details from her poster…and
closing with a clear, firm voice.

And that’s exactly how it happened Friday morning. There was no applause
after that first speech, but Juanita felt proud that she had stood up to her
fear and helped herself by using good preparation. And there was plenty of
applause—in fact everyone stomped and cheered—when Juanita ran for
student government the next year and made a rousing appeal for improve-
ments inschool safety.


1.Rearrange these project-planning steps into the proper order. Put a
number next to each one to show where it goes in the process:

___ Make a plan with deadlines for each step.

___ Estimate hours for each project step.

___ Schedule planning time.

___ Write down the main steps of the project.

___ Watch a “movie” of yourself doing the project.

___ Read project instructions carefully.

___ Put the project steps in order.

___ Make up a planning sheet.

2.On the subject of picking a term paper topic, Goldilocks would prob-
ably advise “Not too ________________, not too _____________,
but just _________________.”

3.Before digging into your research and taking notes, it’s wise to write a
rough ___________ of your paper.

4.The point of dealing out your note cards in stacks is to clarify the
_________ of your paper.

The Secrets of Getting Better Grades________________________________________________


© Park Avenue, an imprint of JIST Publishing, Inc.

5.List five ways to overcome “writer’s block” when writing your first draft.

6.Describe the steps that turn a rough draft into a polished term paper.

7.To present an interesting oral report, you need to connect with the

8.In delivering speeches, pay special attention to beginnings, endings, and

9.You can complete long-term assignments with fewer hassles if you
_____________ them before you begin.

True or False?

10.It’s good practice to write a paper that’s shorter than the required length,
so your teacher can spend less time reading it. T F

11.A children’s encyclopedia might be useful in researching your paper
topic. T F

12. Previewing techniques are not useful when doing library research. T F

13.You should prepare source cards after drafting your paper. T F

14.Most people enjoy public speaking. T F


Review and
Memorize What
You’ve Learned

In this book, you have read about several methods to engage your mind in

listening and reading, rather than just go through the motions. Thoughtful
reading and listening are your best preparation for the day when your teacher
wants to see how well you’ve learned the material. But even if you’ve followed
those methods, you need a refresher to get ready for a test.

Do you recall the image of your memory as a huge warehouse from chapter
2? The doors are guarded by the five senses—hearing, sight, touch, smell,
and taste—which like a rich and varied diet.
The conscious mind works on storing ideas
and facts in logical places. We talked about
how important it is to review a new fact (as
in your class notes) soon after hearing it for
the first time, to establish a good trail to its
location. The more often you call up the fact,
the better your conscious mind knows where
to find it.

In this chapter we present study techniques
to make sure your conscious mind can
retrieve all those ideas and facts when you
really need them—at testing time.

The Secrets of Getting Better Grades________________________________________________


© Park Avenue, an imprint of JIST Publishing, Inc.


I’d Like You to Meet…

Have you been introduced to someone new lately? What do you remember
about that person? The color of his shirt? His name? His brand of shoes?
The sound of his voice? His scent? The texture of his hair? How that person
treated you? Which people you were with at the time? The location of your

How will you “know” that person the next time you meet? Write your answer




Notice the way you remember a new person. It’s a clue to how you can study
more effectively for tests.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->