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Background Mathematics students should be given to all students from primary schools to equip them with the ability to think logically, analytically, systematically, critically and creatively and the ability to work together. In membelajarkan mathematics to students, if teachers are still using the old paradigm of learning in the sense of communication in mathematics tend to take place in one direction generally from teacher to student, teacher dominates the learning tend to be monotonous learning resulting in learners (students) feel saturated and tortured. Therefore, in membelajarkan mathematics to students, teachers should prefer a variety of approaches, strategies, methods appropriate to the situation so that learning objectives are planned to be achieved. Keep in mind that good or whether or not a learning model selection will depend on the learning objectives, conformance with learning materials, level of development of learners (students), teachers' skills in managing learning and optimizing learning resources available. B. Goal This paper aims to broaden the readers, especially students majoring in math, science education faculty teaching and Lampung University in making plans for the future implementation of learning to apply the appropriate model of cooperative learning with the level of student development and learning materials.
Setiap group members (students) have to share the duties and responsibilities in common between members of the group.Setiap group members (students) to share leadership and requires the skills to learn together during the learning process. One model that can be applied to teacher learning is cooperative learning model. B. According to Nur (2000).Setiap group members (students) will be subject to evaluation. learning model is a form of program guidelines or instructions teaching strategies designed to achieve a learning. Cooperative learning model prioritizes cooperation in solving problems to apply the knowledge and skills in order to achieve the learning objectives. These guidelines include the responsibility of the teacher in planning. According to Eggen and Kauchak in Ward (2005). implementing. structure. structure and purpose of the award structure. Therefore. all models characterized by the structure of learning tasks. The structure assignment. .Chapter II Cooperative Learning Model A. 6. purpose and structure of the learning model that other awards. and the development of social skills.Setiap students in the group had levels of different abilities (high.Setiap group members (students) is responsible for everything that is done in the group.Setiap group members (students) should know that all members 3. Understanding Cooperative Learning Model The efforts of teachers in membelajarkan students is a very important in achieving success of the planned learning objectives. strategies. Basic Principles and Characteristics of Cooperative Learning Model According to Nur (2000). and evaluating learning activities. The purpose of the cooperative learning model is the result of increasing student academic learning and students can receive a variety of diversity from his friend. culture. 2. Is it a model of cooperative learning? Cooperative learning model is a learning model that prioritizes the group-kelompok. structure and purpose of the award structure in different models of cooperative learning with task structure. the selection of a variety of methods. the basic principles of cooperative learning as follows: 1. different tribes and with regard to gender equality. 4. approaches and techniques of learning is a major thing. medium and low) and if possible a member of the group come from race. 5.kelompok have the same goal.
culture. mutual expression. Teachers express purpose of learning and communicating the basic competencies to be achieved and to motivate students. different tribes and with regard to gender equality. 2. learn critical thinking. giving the opportunity to channel capacity.7. C. 3. Motivate teachers and students work in groups to facilitate group learning. 2. The group was formed of students who have different skills.Setiap group members (students) will be asked to account for the individual materials are handled in a cooperative group. Evaluation. Teachers give awards to individual and group learning outcomes. Cooperative Learning Steps There are 6 (six) steps in the cooperative learning model. While the characteristics of cooperative learning model is as follows: 1. good level of high. Awards put more emphasis on group rather than each individual. The teacher presents information to students. Delivering objective and motivate students. helping each other learn. 1. 3.Mengorganisasikan students into study groups. 4. Teachers inform grouping students. Presenting information. 6. each assessing the ability and the role of self and other friends. . 5.Membimbing study groups. Students in groups cooperatively complete the study materials according to the basic competencies to be achieved.Memberikan award. Teachers evaluate the results of learning about learning materials that have been implemented. In the discussion of cooperative learning and communication developed with the aim that students share their skills. medium and low. group members come from race. If possible.
. If the student has understood the concept. the rule of heterogeneity can be based on: a). social background. cooperative learning and is suitable for use by teachers who are just beginning to use learning cooperative. Subject matter presented by the teacher using the method of learning. Finally. 1. c. Gender. Then assign students in a heterogeneous group with a maximum 4-6 people. Practice controlled Practice of control carried out in presenting the material in a way telling the students do the problems. B. The teacher presents the lesson and then students work in teams to ensure that all team members have mastered these lessons. Teachers who use STAD propose new academic information to students each week using verbal presentations or text. Student Team Achievement Divisions (STAD) is one type of cooperative learning the most simple. etc. Students follow the teacher presentation carefully in preparation for the next test b. . gender and ethnicity. Development To develop appropriate material to study student in the group. b). Students are placed in learning teams of four people who were a mixture according to their performance level. when the quiz they can not help each other.Persiapan materials and application of students in the group Before presenting the teacher must prepare the activity sheet and answer sheet that will dipelajarai kelomok students in cooperative groups. This type of learning will be applied in mathematics. Understanding Type STAD Cooperative Learning Type of cooperative learning Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) developed by Robert Slavin and his colleagues at John Hopkins University (in Slavin. Presentation of Lesson Materials a. Please note that the division should be balanced so that each group consists of students with students with achievement levels balanced. medium and low) Obtained from the academic (initial score) before. calling students at random to answer or solve a problem for students is always ready and in providing long time-consuming tasks do not. all students are subjected to a quiz about the material in the record. it can switch another kekonsep. Here students learn to understand the meaning rather than rote.Chapter III STAD Cooperative Learning Model Type A. pleasure congenital / nature (quiet and active). academic ability (good. Implementation Phase of Learning Model STAD. 2. Type STAD Cooperative Learning Model is an approach that emphasizes cooperative learning activities and interaction among students to motivate each other and help each other in mastering the subject matter in order to achieve maximal performance. 1995) is the simplest cooperative learning. Question-peranyaan given explanations about right or wrong. Preliminary Here it should be emphasized what students learn in groups and inform the important thing to motivate students' curiosity about the concepts they learned.
Awards group Each group member is expected to achieve high test scores because this score will contribute towards increasing the average score of the group. D. Type STAD cooperative learning focuses on activities and interaction among students to motivate each other mutual assistance in mastering the subject matter in order to achieve optimum performance. .60 minutes independently to show what students have learned while working in groups. students are given the test individually. etc. compare answers. students work together to discuss problems encountered. C. Teacher provides assistance to clarify the command. Mathematics materials relevant to the type of cooperative learning Student Team Achievement Divisions (STAD) is material only to understand the facts. The contents of the BLM in addition to course material is also used to train the cooperative. the achievement award at the group level award given in such a good group..3. sets. students are not allowed to help each other. 5. the basic concepts and do not require too hapalan tinggidan reasoning. great and super. Re 6. The group hoped to cooperate with each other well and help in understanding course material. repeating the concept and answer questions. The evaluation results are used as the value of individual development and contributed as a value of group development. Type of Learning Excellence Model STAD The advantages of cooperative learning method STAD type is the existence of cooperation in groups and in determining the success of the group depends on the success of individual tar. such as integers.Perhitungan score early and changing group One assessment period (3-4 weeks) conducted an evaluation score recalculated as new students who score early. After the presentation of activities of teachers and group activities. so that each group member can not rely on other members. 4. From the results of development. as well as the type STAD cooperative learning to maximize the learning process so that it can improve student achievement. Then do the changes in the group so that students can work with another friend. In this group activity.Evaluasi Performed for 45 . With the presentation of material appropriate and interesting for students. or correct misconceptions. number of hours. Mathematics Materials Relevant to STAD.Kegiatan group The teacher distributed worksheets to each group as materials that will be studied students. In answer to the test.
2. Knot 1. Learning the skills approach in the process of setting STAD cooperative learning can change the type of learning from teacher to student centered center. Cooperative learning is a learning strategy where students learn in small groups who have different levels of ability 2.Agar learning skills of process-oriented approach to type STAD cooperative learning to walk. teachers should make plans to teach the subject matter. and for each concept defined method or approach to be used and the skills that will process developed. 3. At the core concept of the learning model is the teacher presents the type STAD lesson then students work in teams to ensure that all team members have mastered the lesson Suggestion 1. and determine all the concepts that will be developed.CHAPTER IV Conclusion and Suggestions A. .Diharapkan teachers introduce and melatihkan keterampilam cooperative skills and processes before or during the learning so that students can discover and develop their own facts and concepts as well as to foster and develop attitudes and values required.
Tim PPPG Mathematics. original source: http://makalah-di. Learning Media (Models of Learning).blogspot. New York: PPPG Mathematics. Instructional Materials PPPG Training in Mathematics. Models and Strategies In Learning Mathematics. Sri Ward. (2003).com/2009/11/makalah-tentang-model-pembelajaran. Surabaya: Surabaya State University. (2006).html . Some Techniques. Widowati. 2001 Cooperative Learning. (2003). London: PPPG Mathematics. Budijastuti. New York: Junior Quality Improvement Project. Examples of junior Mathematics Syllabus and RPP.REFERENCES Ismail.
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