FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

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FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- CA 303 Site Practise
- Truss Full Report
- BENDING MOMENT IN A BEAM
- Analysis of a Simply Supported Beam
- Forces in Redundant Truss and Forces in Truss
- Similarities of Standard Forms of Contract in Malaysia
- Experiment 4 - Structural Analysis 1 lab report
- Discussion for shear force and bending moment
- compaction factor test.doc
- The Use of Standard Form of Contract
- Reaction of a Continuous Beam (2)
- Deflection of a Simply Supported Beam
- Lab 5-Force in a Statically Determinate Cantilever Truss UTHM
- Force in statically determinate truss report.doc
- Unit 1 ( LAND ADMINISTRATION IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA BEFORE AND AFTER THE NATIONAL LAND CODE ) - land law
- 46504823 Bending Moment Experiment
- Deflection of a Simply Supported Beam
- BSS Sound Report
- Shear Force and Bending Moment
- Force in a Statically Indeterminate Cantilever Truss

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EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

OBJECTIVE :

APPARATUS :

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

PROCEDURE :

1) Place one end of the plane truss on the roller support and the

other on the pin support (please ensure that the centre of th

joint is located on the knife edge and at the centre of the

roller).

2) Loosen the screw jack so that the truss is free from the applied

load.

3) Zerro the force gauge readings on the members and the screw

jack.

direction.

5) Record the magnitude of the applied load and the force gauge

readings.

6) Increase the magnitude of the applied load and for each load

increment records the force gauge readings.

order to calculate the theoretical forces.

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

Load gauge (Exp.) (Theor gauge (Exp.) (Theor

(N) readin y) readin y)

g (div) (N) g (div) (N)

(N) (N)

1

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

Load gauge (Exp.) (Theor gauge (Exp.) (Theor

readin y) readin y)

(N) g (div) (N) g (div) (N)

(N) (N)

Load gauge (Exp.) (Theor gauge (Exp.) (Theor

(N) readin y) readin y)

g (div) (N) g (div) (N)

(N) (N)

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

Force in Member CB

Load gauge (Exp.) (Theor FAB = -w

readin y) 2 sin

(N) (N)

g (div) 60

(N)

FAE = w cos

1 11.00 0.55 -0.58

60

2 23.00 1.15 -1.15 2 sin

60

3 35.00 1.75 -1.73

FBE = w

4 47.00 2.35 -2.31 2 sin

60

5 59.00 2.95 -2.89

FBC = -w cos

60

2

sin 60

1) Using the data in the table above, plot the graph of force in the

members verses the applied load for the experimental and

theoretical case.

x 100

Theoretical Slope

1

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

er Slope (N) Slope (N) Error (%)

AB 8.66 7.41 14

BE 8.66 8.45 2

CE 4.45 7.70 73

CD 8.66 9.36 8

EA 1.06 3.70 25

ED 1.06 4.55 30

CB 8.66 8.75 1

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

DISCUSSION :

1) State the relationship between the applied load and the force in

the members.

Figure

5.3

the Figure 5.3, the truss will adjust itself to achive a more stable

situation balanced. When this condition is reached, the frame is

said to be in equilibrium. Equilibrium is obtained as a whole

means that each member is in a state of balance. If not, it would

have been members of the moves kesatu a more stable position.

1

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

DE, is in equilibrium. External force of magnitude P acting at

point D in the DE must be balanced by a force with a magnitude

equal to P, but in the ED at the point E, as shown in the Figure

5.4(a). In this way the members of DE can be balanced.

Figure

5.4

itself is also in equilibrium. Therefore, if the split between the

point D to point E, as shown in Figure 5.4 (b) force at every point

has a magnitude P in the direction opposite to the direction of

external forces earlier. Thus, the force in the member acting

against the direction of DE external force is applied,

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

Figure

5.5

and must have the same magnitude as the external force, see

Figure 5.4 (c). For members who have this compressive force,

the internal force to the point of connection.

an external force which suffered a tensile force, as shown in

Figure 5.5 (a), while the internal forces are shown in Figure 5.5

(b). Thus, for members who experience a tensile force, the

internal forces from the point of connection.

2) State the possible factors that might have influenced your result

and means of overcoming it.

1

LAB

FORCES IN PLANE TRUSS

EXPERIMENT 4

DKA 5A

accuracy.

experience and knowlange obout the experiment.

in accurate measurement..

CONCLUSION :

When the load is applied to the truss, the foce in each of members of

a plan truss will have a different reading of force.

REFERENCES

Analisis Struktur, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. *86

LAB

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