Chapter 6

THE REIGN OF SULTAN OMAR ALI SAIFUDDIEN III 1950 - 1967

“…Verily! Allah loves those who are the equitable.” Surah Ar-Hujurat, Verse 9
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6.1

EARLY LIFE
Born on the 23 September 1914 Received an informal education in the palace up to the age of 18, after which he studied at the Malay College in Perak. He studied Islam and was trained in silat. He was interested in poetry and handiwork, and was skilled in carpentry.
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His Royal Highness was the 28th Sultan of Brunei
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6.1
1936 1938 1941 1942 45 1947 1951

EARLY LIFE

A Cadet Officer in the Forestry Department Joined the Judicial Department An Administrator in the British Resident’s Office A Secretary at the Japanese Governor’s Office Elected Chairman of the Syariah Court and member of the Brunei State Council Ascended to the throne
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6.1

EARLY LIFE

His Royal Highness set out to work for an improved standard of living for all his people
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As a result, Brunei moved into the 20th century as a modern country
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6.2

THE FIRST NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (1953 - 1958)

• 1955 – a $14 million Gas Plant was completed • Survey and exploration work by Brunei Shell Petroleum Company were carried out. • 1956 – Production of oil in Seria had reached 114,700 barrels a day
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6.2

THE FIRST NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (1953 - 1958)

• 1954 – Brunei’s written policy on education set out aims to provide greater educational facilities • 1956 – The Brunei Teacher Training Centre was set up. • 1958 – Teachers were sent to Kota Bahru Teachers’ Training College • More schools were built • Scholarships were given to students to further their studies overseas
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6.2

THE FIRST NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (1953 - 1958)
• Religious teachers recruited from Johore. • Scholarships given to students to study in Islamic institutions overseas ROAD SHIPPING CIVIL AVIATION
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6.2

THE FIRST NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (1953 - 1958)

• October 1953: Brunei’s first nursing school began operating • Number of medical workers in Brunei continued to increase • Major improvements in public utilities such as treated water supplies and electricity
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6.3

THE SECOND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (1962 - 1966)
Development of Oil Industry • 1963: Major oil and gas field discovered at South West Ampa. • Liquefied Natural Gas became important Development in Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry • Efforts made to increase the quantity and quality of rice and rubber production • Studies made of sugar, pepper and coffee crops for export and home consumption • Efforts made to increase livestock • Conservation and reforestation schemes put in place

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6.3

THE SECOND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (1962 - 1966)
Commercial Development and Support Structures • Muara Deepwater Port and the international airport planned • Electricity provided to rural areas • More homes and offices built Development in Health, Education and Welfare • More clinics and hospitals built with better facilities • More training for doctors and nurses • More schools built, and training given to teachers • More mosques and religious schools built • Museums and libraries established in major towns

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6.4

THE PROPOSAL FOR A NORTH BORNEO FEDERATION
7 Feb 1958: the plan was announced

1958: The Governor of North Borneo drew up a plan that would unite the three territories of Borneo but allow each autonomy over its own expenditure and revenue

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III did not agree to the Federation because it would not benefit Brunei
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6.4

THE PROPOSAL FOR A NORTH BORNEO FEDERATION
• March 1959, His Royal Highness led a delegation to London to discuss the proposed constitution • The British Government accepted the Draft Constitution • On 29 September 1959, the signing ceremony for the Constitution Agreement was held at the Lapau in Brunei Town. • The Agreement was signed by Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III and Sir Robert Scott.

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6.4

THE PROPOSAL FOR A NORTH BORNEO FEDERATION
Significance of the 1959 Constitution Agreement The Sultan as Supreme Head of State Brunei responsible for its internal administration The British Government was responsible for foreign and defence affairs only The post of Resident was abolished and replaced by that of a British High Commissioner A new post of Menteri Besar was created
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6.4

THE PROPOSAL FOR A NORTH BORNEO FEDERATION
Administration Under the 1959 Constitution Supreme Head of the State Had power to appoint Advisory committee members President of the Privy Council and the council for Ministers

Appointed the Speaker to the Legislative Council and the State Religious Council

Had the power to veto decisions of the Advisory Council and to declare a State of Emergency

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6.4

THE PROPOSAL FOR A NORTH BORNEO FEDERATION
Under the Constitution, five important Councils were set up:

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6.4

THE PROPOSAL FOR A NORTH BORNEO FEDERATION
The District Election • First District election held in 1962 • Aimed to select 55 members to sit in 4 District Councils • Aimed to select 16 members for Brunei Legislative Council Three political parties contested in the District Council Partai Rakyat Brunei Barisan Nasional Organisatio n Brunei United Party
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The election was won by PRB

6.5

THE BRUNEI NATIONALITY ENACTMENT OF 1961
Brunei subjects were divided into 3 categories

• Subjects by Operation of Law cannot lose their status as subjects • Subjects by Registration and Naturalisation can lose their status as subjects

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6.6
1961

BRUNEI’S STAND ON THE ISSUE OF MALAYSIA
Malaya’s Prime Minister revealed his plan to unite Malaya, Singapore, Sabah, Sarawak and Brunei into a federation to be known as Malaysia Meeting held between Brunei and Malaya. They failed to reach an agreement on issue of Brunei’s revenue and federal rights to taxation Federation of Malaysia formed without Brunei
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1963

16 Sept 1963

The head of Brunei Delegation, Pengiran Dato Haji Ali, addressing a meeting of the MSCC in Kuala Lumpar on 6th January 1962.

6.7

THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF SULTAN OMAR ALI SAIFUDDIEN III
• Two National Development Plans • 1959 Constitution Agreement • Positions of Malay Language and Islam strengthened • Welfare of less fortunate subjects taken care of • Greater emphasis placed on education • Royal Brunei Malay Regiment set up in May 1961 • Brunei’s first own currency note issued by the Brunei Currency Board in 1967
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6.7

THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF SULTAN OMAR ALI SAIFUDDIEN III The Abdication
4 Oct 1967: Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III voluntarily abdicated in favour of his eldest son, Yang Teramat Mulia Seri Paduka Duli Pengiran Muda Mahkota Hassanal Bolkiah

(Click on screen to view.)

1 August 1968: Coronation of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah

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6.7

THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF SULTAN OMAR ALI SAIFUDDIEN III
His Royal Highness continued to be active, giving advice as a father and a statesman. In 1984, when Brunei gained full independence, he became the Minister of Defence.

His Royal Highness died peacefully on 7 Sept 1986

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CHAPTER 6: SUMMARY
Oil industry 1st National Development Plan (1953 - 1958) Health and Welfare Services Education Religious Education

Communication

Oil industry

2nd National Development Health Plan (1961 - 1966) Education and Welfare Agriculture, Commercial Fishing and Development & Industry Support Structure

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CHAPTER 6: SUMMARY
Brunei Nationality Enactment of 1961 The Issue of Malaysia Initially the idea was acceptable by His Royal Highness He set up a committee to find out views of people Brunei decided not to take part in the Malaysia Agreement

By Operation of Law By Registration By Naturalisation

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6.5

THE BRUNEI NATIONALITY ENACTMENT OF 1961

This category includes:
• the seven Malay races which are Melayu Belait, Melayu Bisaia, Melayu Brunei, Melayu Dusun, Melayu Kedayan, Melayu Murut and Melayu Tutong; • those born in Brunei whose natural parents were both born in the state; • those born in Brunei on or after 1 January 1961, whose father is at the time of birth a Brunei subject; and • those born outside Brunei whose father is at the time of birth a Brunei subject by registration.
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6.5

THE BRUNEI NATIONALITY ENACTMENT OF 1961

The requirement includes:
• able to speak the Malay language proficiently; •should be 18 years of age of above and was born or has lived in Brunei for a minimum of 12 years; •should be of good character; and •ready to take an oath of loyalty to the state.

Those who can apply include
• a woman married to a Brunei subject; • the children whose parents have applied to become Brunei subjects.
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6.5

THE BRUNEI NATIONALITY ENACTMENT OF 1961

The requirement includes:
•should have lived in Brunei for not less than 20 years; •able to speak the Malay language proficiently; •should be of good character and will not be a burden to the state; and •ready to take an oath of loyalty to the state.

Those who can apply include
• those born out of Brunei.
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