EICHER TRACTORS, MANDIDEEP (A unit of TAFE MOTORS AND TRACTORS LTD.

)

A TRAINING REPORT ON 5150 POWER STEERING
Training Duration: 05july2010 to 04 August2010

Training Co-ordinator Mr. RANJIT KUMAR SINHA V.D NO:0104ME071111

Submitted by: VIKASH KUMAR ENROLLMENT

Department of Mechanical Engineering
RKDF INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, BHOPAL

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DECLARATION

I hereby declare that the training entitled is an authentic record of my own work, carried out at EICHER TRACTORS as requirement of 30 days major training for the award of degree of B.E. (Mechanical Engineering), RKDF institute of technology and science, RGPV University, Bhopal, under the guidance of Mr. Ranjit Kumar Sinha during JULY 2010.

(Signature of student)
Vikash kumar 0104ME071111

Date: ___________________

Certified that the above statement made by the student is correct to the best of our knowledge and belief.

RANJIT KUMAR SINHA VENDOR DEVLOPMENT

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I have learned a lot through this 30 days major training journey. Eicher tractors have proven to be so much fruitful and knowledgeable that it will help shape my career in future with least problems. I am grateful to Mr. Ranjit Sinha sir under whom I have been working in Eicher tractors. He gave me every opportunity to participate independently and freely in various projects and provided me with much useful recommendations and assistance. I was highly impressed with the way he use to keep hold of works going on in the department and the way he used his leadership qualities. Moreover his practical approach toward the works and his management qualities is something which makes him unique. He is mainly responsible for all the development going on in the company in matters of big projects such as 55 hp tractors. I really liked the way he negotiates with the supervisors for the projects. The way he impresses the person is absolutely different from a normal person. Their policies were very nice and taught me many things which is very much helpful for shaping my future.

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CONTENTS:
 SUMMARY  TAFE PROFILE INTRODUCTION TECHNICAL TIE UP RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT SALES & SERVICE NETWORK FINANCIAL STATUS: EICHER MARKETING EICHER WORK FORCE AND POLICY  EICHER SALES VARIOUS MODELS: AN OVER LOOK INTO THE SYSTEM OF EICHER TRACTORS            EICHER TRACTORS ENGINEERING CENTER FINANCE AND ACCOUNTS DEPARTMENT SALES AND MARKETING DEPARTMENT MATERIALS/VENDOR DEVELOPMENT STORES DEPARTMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE DEPARTMENT. PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT SERVICES HUMAN RESOURCES DEPARTMENT

TAFE has many firsts to its credit. The group's leadership technology. engineering plastics. one of India's largest light engineering groups with diverse interests in diesel engines.-5- TAFE PROFILE Introduction Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited (TAFE) is a unit company of the Amalgamations group. Its products are sold in more than 140 countries. tractors and related farm machinery. engineering tools. paints. Georgia. panel instruments. which is one of the largest manufacturers. TAFE was established in 1961 to manufacture and market a range of Massey Ferguson tractors and related farm equipment in India. Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited (TAFE). hydraulic pumps. automobile components. With a network of more than 500 dealers. TAFE has collaboration with AGCO Corporation. TAFE was the first company to market a total package of Tractors and farm equipment to not only provides farm power but also interfaces to transform the farm power to increased farm productivity. prosperity and profits. service outlets as well as its own sales offices and depots covering the entire width and breadth of India. branches. built on foreign know how has been nurtured through indigenous efforts. Beginning with the popularizing of tractors in agriculture in the early 60s. has been a pioneer in the mechanization of the Indian farms. lubricants. headquartered in Duluth. One of the largest tractor manufacturers in India. TAFE was also the . designers and distributors of agricultural equipment in the world. TAFE is committed to providing complete farming solutions to its customers and empowering them to work towards increased farm productivity. storage batteries. TAFE's vision is to be the first choice of customers in India and to also move towards a growing presence in the international markets. automobile franchises and printing apart from interests in agribusiness. book selling and publishing.

TAFE was also the first Indian manufacturer to launch a 75 HP tractor to cater to the emerging needs of very large farms and agri-businesses. The quality movement permeates through out the organization and is apparent from the various laurels won by quality circles from the company in national and international arenas. • TAFE has also diversified into Engineering plastics and production of tools and dies for this industry. A related facility for the manufacture of panel instruments. through TAL is also involved in the marketing and distribution of lubricants and greases for tractors through its dealer network.-6first to introduce the Direct Injection technology in India. thereby initiating considerable fuel saving and the resulting economies in tractor operations cost to its customers. • TAFE has in-house facilities for the manufacture of hydraulic pumps and gears for tractors. not only for captive use but also for the growing automobile industry in India is an integral part of the company. • TAFE is also involved in the packaged power industry through its Power Source Division. Madurai (Kallidaipatti) and Bangalore (Doddaballapur). TAFE has also been recommended for ISO 9001:2000 certifications. Recently. implements and accessories. With three manufacturing locations at Chennai (Sembiam). . the latest and possibly the largest such plant in the country is specially tailored to take on short run production batches to the exacting standards demanded by advanced countries. is also involved in the following areas. TAFE has a large manufacturing base. • TAFE. Its Madurai plant. • TAFE has developed a range of matching trailers. Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited (TAFE). apart from its core business of manufacturing and marketing tractors. • TAFE's vision of being the customer's first choice on offering to the customer’s quality products engineered to perfection using technology that is contemporary and relevant to the market it serves. All its plants and sales offices are linked by VSAT links providing fast and efficient communications and data linkage another first of its kind in India. These are marketed through TAFE's dealer network by a totally owned subsidiary. This approach to quality as being inherent to its existence has obtained for TAFE certification under ISO 9002.

It is in this scenario that this coming together of two major brands in the industry becomes highly significant. marketing and financial strengths. excellence is not some thing that we engineer.-7• TAFE's vision is not just wishful thinking but based on recognized engineering. The respective brands have a strong brand presence and equity in the customers’ minds. This coming together of the brands with strengths in individual segment forms a perfect fit to take on the tractor market which is currently on an upswing. This acquisition will provide strong synergies of growth in the future to help achieve market dominance”. Mrs. It is an innate desire that inspires our hearts at work and at home and ripples out into the world around us. TAFE pursues excellence. TAFE’s Director. built up over the past four decades. "To us in TAFE. Speaking at a media meet. In all that it does. with this approval. “This move was a well-deliberated strategic move on our part. To achieve the distinction of the first choice among the farming community of India and ensure a growing presence in international markets through setting leadership standards of performance and customer care in the agricultural machinery business. Mallika Srinivasan decided to take over Eicher tractors. in the biggest such acquisition in the history of the Indian tractor industry. Mallika Srinivasan said. engine division at Alwar and gears division at Parwanoo. . TAFE. Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited has been taking over of Eicher’s tractor division near Bhopal. comes within striking distance of market dominance in the domestic tractor industry. already the second largest manufacturer of tractors in India. " TAKE OVER EICHER TRACTORS: BIGGEST IN TRACTOR INDUSTRY The Chennai based tractor major. She went on to add “TAFE has long held a significant presence in the 30-40 HP segment and the Eicher brand holds substantial market shares in the below 30 HP segment. input or inspect into our products. ‘Tafe motors and tractor limited’ company’s director Mrs. This also represents a giant leap for us in our vision to become the farmers’ first choice”.

engine and gear businesses to Tractors and Farm Equipment’s. quality. UP and Bihar where Eicher is strong — alongside Rajasthan. With its major focus being on the tractor business.670 tractors. "In fact. TAFE already has large number of products and variants to suit the changing demand patterns of tractor customers across the country. engines and gears divisions of the company at Manideep. TAFE. The acquisition would improve TAFE’s geographical spread across markets like MP. Gujarat. value for money. the board of directors of EML granted approval for the sale on a going concern basis of the tractors. 310 crore. engine & gear businesses for Rs 310 crore. TAFE and Eicher tractors will retain their individually strong identities at the brand level and distribution level. The Eicher Motors board has cleared the sale of the company’s tractor. The SPV.191 units. Tafe — the second largest manufacturer of tractors in India — will eye market dominance." With the acquisition of the Eicher unit.000 tractors. this new venture will offer to its customers the best in terms of product range. . Alwar and Parwanoo to TAFE Motors and Tractors for a total consideration of Rs. AP and Karnataka where TAFE or stable mate Massey Ferguson are strong. for Rs 310 crore. The potential synergies of growth made possible by this move will translate into positive benefits to the employees. service and parts outlets and customer contact points which is the largest in the industry. TAFE aspires to be the number one player in the domestic market and the growing presence in the international market. vendors and dealers and provide them ample growth opportunities. will run the Eicher tractor unit and the gear & engine businesses as a separate entity with separate brand identity but operational financial control. and innovation in design and assured post sales product support. Tafe registered sales of 24. while Eicher sold 13. With the addition of the portfolio of products offered under the Eicher Brand. branches. TAFE will purchase the Eicher facilities through an SPV called TAFE Motors & Tractors.-8With this acquisition. a 100% subsidiary of TAFE. According to industry data available for the April-December 2004. TAFE buys Eicher's tractor. The move will also result in TAFE having a combined distribution network of over 2000 dealers. TAFE’s combined market share is 22 per cent and a combined volume of about 53.

50.5KVA to 30 KVS   Eicher Tractors Eicher Tractors is one of the newly added in the companies of the TMTL Group. . 30. ISO 14000 & ISO 9002 certified facilities. Two manufacturing plants – Faridabad and Bhopal 51.S. 42. U. Over 3. Technology from GEBR Eicher.000 numbers. Eicher Tractors Engineering (R&D unit) and Marketing functions. First Tractor Company to produce Air cooled as well as water cooled tractors. Exported to Europe. Two manufacturing units – Thane and Parwanoo Manufactures a wide range comprising: Spur Bevel & Helical Gears Crown Wheel Pinion Transmission Shift & Rear Axle Gears Caters to OEM & Replacement Market. 35. Market leader in <30 HP segment.-9Brief description of the units of this take over is as follows: Eicher Tractors           Pioneer Manufacturer in India since 1960. Mr. Finland. C.000 satisfied owners. Exports to Europe. Eicher Engines Manufacturers of automotive and stationery engines from 22HP to 42 HP Genets from 12. Africa & South Asia. Banka is Chief Operating Officer of the Tractor Business Unit. Asia & US.. First Indian company to be awarded with ISO 9001 certificate Fully integrated R&D Center Eicher Demm         QS 9000.A. R. Tractor operations are divided in Bhopal and Faridabad manufacturing facilities. 61 and 70 HP-New products under introduction. Germany & Valtra. Current range 24. 51 & 61 HP .Annual capacity is over 35.

Company depots are located at Calcutta. EICHER MARKETING The tractor operations are located at Bhopal plant. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Comprehensive facilities for development of new tractor models including diesel engines. Madras.10 TECHNICAL TIE UP  Technology transfer from Ricardo of UK for developing air-cooled engines  Technology transfer from SISU (VELMET) Finland. SRI LANKA. Eicher tractors manufacture and markets tractors from 24 HP to 50 HP range. The combined production capacity is about 25000 tractors per annum. NIGERIA and NEPAL. Internet and Archives.. But for this financial year the proposed turnover is 750 Crores for EICHER Tractors.. BANGLADESH. Facilities at ETE include .K. Field Simulation. EXPORT .State of art Design officers with fully networked CAD / CAE environment. Eicher offers 2 years warranty on the tractors against any type of manufacturing defect & efforts are made to upgrade the service network by providing doorstep service to the farmers. Indore and Delhi for supplying to distributors. Vijayawada. own Prototype / Tooling manufacturing facilities. for higher horsepower tractors. Ahmadabad. Marketing network is spread across the country and there are 35 area offices in smaller cities of the country. Company has its own distribution network in most agrarian states and has 350 dealers. Product Testing and validation and Information Center with facilities of Technical Library. FINANCIAL STATUS: EICHER TRACTORS had a turnover of 550 Crores in the last financial year which ended in 05. Various Labs for Design verification. Bangalore. .U. SALES & SERVICE NETWORK Gears are sold through a network of 16 distributors each having over 250 stockiest and retailers mainly entering to the replacement market.

11 The Marketing team consists of 26 executives and staff members. It requires that we start thinking globally from now on while making any important decision. It necessary assumes that global competitiveness. TECHNOLOGY IN EICHER Eicher has state of art R&D center at Bhopal facility. Specific care is exercised for ensuring safety and health of the employees including contract employees. Co-ordinate Measurement Machines and conveyers for various product lines. Eicher puts a lot of emphasis on technology up gradation of its service network as well.. as well as several other vital skills and attributes. The group shall strive to become truly global in its operations. Adams. EICHER WORK FORCE AND POLICY The company gives high thrust to its employees. global brand recognition. There are about 1100 employees in Eicher Tractors. sound financial health. Eicher offers equal opportunities to learn. It means being present in all relevant parts of the world for each product as seller and wherever practical & economical as manufacturer. customer orientation. There are 100 executives. 350 staff and 550 operators in the company. mechanical test beds and mock shop for developing new products. which has Pro/E. superior technology. both domestically and internationally. simulation rigs. These plants are very flexible to roll out any of 68 variants within a short time as low as one week after putting an order of customized tractor. Hyper mesh work stations. Global does not merely mean exporting our products. The manufacturing plants have very good paint shops and assembly lines. It should result in rapid growth. outstanding employee motivation. which are encouraged to acquire knowledge in their work area and are given ample freedom. Employees are encouraged to acquire knowledge are permitted for job diversity within organized units of work. Company uses IT as a business excellence enabler and its home portal EPIC is widely used for all in-house daily . perform and grow to all employees.

The company has changed its perception now and offers tractors from smaller 24 HP to premium segment of Valtra . Suppliers can access the ERP system on line and can get knowledge of their inventory levels. Today 50 % revenue comes from higher horsepower models.5 lacs depending upon the specifications. Suppliers play a valuable role in the value creation process and Eicher R&D takes suppliers input on cost as well as manufacturability of new designs from the suppliers in concurrent engineering environment. The selling price of the products varies from Rs 2 lacs to 5. which helps smooth transactions in supply chain management processes from supplier raw material planning to tractor delivery at sales outlets and demand forecasting. leave planning. production schedule adherence and tentative future production levels apart from quality inspection status and bill payment processes. EICHER SALES Key customer groups of Eicher Tractors have typically included the small land holding farmer. The heavy dependence on bought out items puts a very high focus on the supplier quality management processes. Customers specifically for the low cost of maintenance like Eicher’s tractors as Eicher’s tractors consume minimum fuel in Indian farming and driving conditions. which we will discuss in detail later. ERP package of SAP was established in 1999.12 management processes of information sharing.. performance appraisal and progress tracking etc . most items except a few critical engine parts are bought from out side suppliers to design made by Eicher. Eicher has a strong supplier and customer relationship and communication mechanism. which wanted a small tractor in past 3 decades. Customers have access to 24- . EICHER SALES AND SERVICES Eicher Tractors Bhopal being basically tractor assembly operations.

Company is also making some channel partners such as ITC & other grain buying houses..13 hour help line and special service desks spread across India to serve them better. Fertilizer & Pesticides companies to enhance bonding with the customers and to increase loyalty towards Eicher.5 22 . VARIOUS MODELS: 241 XTRAC: Engine Make & Model HP Range Type Cylinders Bore/Stroke (mm) Cubic Capacity (cc) Max engine torque kgm Back up torque% Oil Bath Type Eicher 24 4 Stroke Air cooled 1 115 / 150 1557 10. Customer is assured of getting the tractor attended within 6 hours of his complaint.

14 Transmission Type Clutch Type Gear Box Rated PTO Hydraulics Type Hydraulic pump Electrical Battery Alternator Tractor Fuel Tank Capacity Tyre size Weight kg Wheel base mm Ground Clearence mm Type of steering Features: .Strong Gear box for longer life ..4x28 1675 1885 375 Mechanical 12 V 12 V Automatic depth & draft control 800(+/.Efficient disc brakes . single plate 5 Forward & 1 Reverse Speeds 495 .Fuel efficient engine .Highest towing capacity in its class .Live hydraulics with draft and position control 35 front 6.Easy and low cost maintenance .00x16. rear 12.100) gear driven Lifting Capacity at hitch point (kgf) Sliding Mesh dry.Best output in field in its class .

5 22 .32 1 115 150 176 10..15 - 242 XTRAC: Engine Make Type HP Range PTO hp no of cylinder Bore mm stroke mm SFC (gm/ptohp/hr) Max eng torque kgm Back up torque % Eicher 4 stroked air cooled 24 19.

single plate dry disc 1021 8 forward.Fuel efficient. .Live Hydraulics with draft and position control 48 front 6.4x28 1895 395 Mechanical automatic depth & draft control 1000 +/.Higher towing capacity .100 gear driven Lift capacity at hitch point (KGF) sliding mesh dry. 2 reverse 12 V 12 V .16 - Electrical Battery Alternator Transmission Type clutch type Brake rated PTO rpm Gear box speed Hydraulics Type Hydraulic Tractor Fuel tank capacity Tyre size Wheel base mm Ground clearance mm Type of steering Features .Easy & low cost maintenance .00x16.Best output in field in its class ..Efficient disc brakes with easy serviceability . rear 12.Attractive styling with ergonomic steering & dashboard .

5 2 100 125 1963 176 12.17 - 312 SUPER DI: Engine Make Type HP Range pto hp No: of cylinder Bore mm Stroke mm Engine capacity cc sfc (gm/ptohp/hr) Max eng torgue kgm Eicher 4 stroked air cooled 30 30.13 ..

.Higher towing capacity . COR 1000 +/.4x28 1990 370 Mechanical automatic depth & draft control.Best output in field in its class .Efficient disc brakes 48 front 6.00x16. single plate dry disc 1331 8 forward.6x28/12.Fuel efficient. mix mode. Engine with Ricardo technology . 2 reverse 12 V 12 V 19.100 gear driven Lift capacity at hitch point (KGF) sliding mesh dry.Life hydraulics with draft and position control . rear 13.Easy & low cost maintenance .18 Back up torque % Electrical Battery Alternator Transmission Type Clutch type Brake Rated pto rpm Gear box speed Hydraulics Type Hydraulic pump Tractor Fuel tank capacity Tyre size Wheel base mm Ground clearance mm Type of steering Features .26 .

Water Cooled 33. P. O.51 .19 - 333 SUPER DI: Engine Make HP Range PTO hp Type P. H. T.3 88. Bore & stroke (mm) Engine rated rpm Displacement (cc) Max eng torque kgm Electrical S 324 Simpson 35 34 4 Stroke..9 x 127 2000 2365 13.

6x28/14.Efficient disc brakes with easy serviceability.00x16. 3 cylinder. rear 13. Simpson engine . live hydraulics suited for heavy duty applications .Mixed mode.Attractive styling with ergonomic steering & dashboard . 2 reverse 12 V 12 V ..Completely water sealed for paddy operation .20 Battery Alternator Transmission Type Clutch type Gear box Gear box speed Hydraulics Type automatic depth & draft control.Easy & low cost maintenance . mix mode.2 3.Fuel efficient.68 Mechanical sliding mesh 280 mm dry type (single plate) sliding & constant mesh gears 8 forward.6x28 3.100 Lift capacity at hitch point (KGF) Tractor Fuel tank capacity Tyre size Turning radius with brake (m) Turning radius without brake (m) Type of steering Features .Best output in field in its class . 48 front 6.Higher towing capacity . COR 1000 +/.

51 18..30 .21 - 368 SUPER DI: Engine Make HP Range pto hp Type No: of cylinder Bore (mm) Stroke (mm) Eng. capacity (cc) sfc (gm/ptohp/hr) Max eng torque kgm Back up torque % Eicher 35 34 4 Stroke Air Cooled 3 100 125 2945 183 13.

Best haulage in its class .2 3.Mixed mode.6x28 3. live hydraulics suited for heavy duty 48 front 6.100 gear driven Lifting Capacity at hitch point (KGF) sliding mesh dry.6x28/14.Efficient disc brakes . COR 1200 +/.Easy & low cost maintenance . mix mode.22 - Electrical Battery Alternator Transmission Type Clutch type Gear box speed Brake Rated pto rpm pto speed Hydraulics Type Hydraulic pump Tractor Fuel tank capacity Tyre size Turning radius with brake (m) Turning radius without brake (m) Type of steering Features .68 Mechanical automatic depth & draft control. dual plate 8 forward.Fuel efficient engine with Ricardo technology . rear 13.. 2 reverse dry disc 597/1331 540 12 V 12 V .00x16.

94 .17 15.5 4 Stroke Water Cooled 3 91.44 127 2500 180 14..23 380 SUPER DI: Engine Make HP Range PTO HP Type No: of cylinder Bore (mm) Stroke (mm) Cubic Capacity (cc) sfc (gm/ptohp/hr) Max eng torque kgm Back up torque % Electrical Battery Alternator 12 V 12 V Simpson S325/E1 35 36.

mix mode 1200 +/..Fuel efficient engine 3 cylinders.100 gear driven Lifting Capacity at hitch point (KGF) sliding mesh dry.Best output in field in its class . water cooled .Completely water sealed for paddy operation .Efficient disc brakes with easy serviceability .9x28 2010 1905 2. live hydraulics suited for heavy duty applications . rear 13.Optional telescopic front axle suitable for various crops. single/double plate 8 forward.45 Mechanical automatic depth & draft control. 48 front 6.Attractive styling with ergonomic steering & dashboard .00x16.6x28/14.Mixed mode.Higher towing capacity .Easy & low cost maintenance . 2 reverse dry disc 597 540 .24 - Transmission Type Clutch type Gear box speed Brake Rated pto rpm pto speed Hydraulics Type hydraulic pump Tractor Fuel tank capacity Tyre size Weight kg Wheel base mm Turning radius with brake (m) Turning radius without brake (m) Type of steering FAB FOR 380 SUPER DI Features .97 3.

44 127 2500 180 15.70 4 Stroke Water Cooled 3 91.25 - 480 SUPER DI: Engine Make HP Range pto hp Type no of cylinder Bore (mm) Stroke (mm) Cubic Capacity (cc) sfc (gm/ptohp/hr) Max eng torque kgm Back up torque % Electrical Battery Alternator 12 V 12 V Simpson S325/E2 45 39.61 18..66 .

26 - Transmission Type Clutch type Gear box speed Brake Rated pto rpm pto speed Hydraulics Type Hydraulic pump Tractor Fuel tank capacity Tyre size Weight kg Wheel base mm Draw bar pull unblallasted (kgf) Turning radius with brake (m) Turning radius without brake (m) Ground clearance mm Type of steering Features .05 3. 3 cylinder.45 320 Mechanical automatic depth & draft control.Attractive styling with ergonomic steering & dashboard .Fuel efficient.100 gear driven Lifting Capacity at hitch point (KGF) sliding mesh dry. rear 13.Efficient disc brakes with easy serviceability 48 front 6.Mixed mode.00x16.. water cooled engine .9x28 200 2075/1910 1612 3. 2 reverse dry disc 597 540 .6x28/14.Easy & low cost maintenance . single/double plate 8 forward. mix mode 1200 +/.Higher towing capacity .Best output in field in its class .Completely water sealed for paddy operation . live hydraulics suited for heavy duty applications .

50 .9 23..1 4 Stroke Water Cooled 3 100 125 2945 177 16.27 - 485 SUPER DI: Engine Make HP Range Type No: of cylinder Bore (mm) Stroke (mm) Cubic Capacity (cc) sfc (gm/ptohp/hr) Max eng torque kgm Back up torque % Electrical Battery Alternator 12 V 12 V Eicher 41.

Fuel efficient engine with Ricardo technology .28 - Transmission Type Clutch type Gear box speed Brake Rated pto rpm pto speed Hydraulics Type Hydraulic pump Tractor Fuel tank capacity Tyre size Weight kg Wheel base mm Draw bar pull un ballasted (kgf) Turning radius with brake (m) Turning radius without brake (m) Ground clearance mm Type of steering Features .Efficient disc brakes with easy serviceability 48 front 6.Easy & low cost maintenance . single/double plate 8 forward.2 3. 2 reverse dry disc 597 540 .Mixed mode. rear 13.68 395 Mechanical automatic depth & draft control.Best haulage capacity in its class .Completely water sealed for paddy operation .00x16.100 gear driven Lifting Capacity at hitch point (KGF) sliding mesh dry.Attractive styling with ergonomic steering & dashboard .9x28 2045 2075 1612 3. live hydraulics suited for heavy duty applications .6x28/14. mix mode 1200 +/.Best output in field in its class ..

Every year these people get some new strategies so as to increase the share of the company in the market. which looks after the various field issues and improving the present products.. EICHER TRACTORS ENGINEERING CENTER This department is responsible for designing the products to be manufactured by the different vendors.29 - AN OVER LOOK INTO THE SYSTEM OF EICHER TRACTORS There are following basic departments in EICHER Tractors. The department has been divided into different areas like transmission. 3. which is responsible for looking after the ADDC and the components related to hydraulics. tractor. . salaries of all the employees. 1. which looks after general parts of the tractor. hydraulics. which looks after the gear designing. Most of the Sales of the company are dependent on the working of this department thus being one of the most important departments. all the records for expenditures and Credits to the company are maintained by this department. 2. FINANCE AND ACCOUNTS DEPARTMENT This Department is responsible for all the financial transforms that are carried out in the company such as payments for all the incoming material. product development. SALES AND MARKETING DEPARTMENT This Department is responsible for consolidating the position of the company in the market every year.

5. of 6. Quality of design . ETE Stores. which is discussed separately later on. All the new samples and in fact all the new components are developed by this department. QUALITY ASSURANCE DEPARTMENT. The quality characteristics can be grouped into 4 categories: 1. supplying the material on to the line and also the dispatch the rejected materials back to the vendors. main stores. Rejection Stores etc. All the components developed are not consumed as a part of the regular production but implemented as a trial only and consumed in regular production only after these components are regularized. MATERIALS/VENDOR DEVELOPMENT This department is responsible for all the incoming material from the vendor. Quality can be defined’ as ‘fitness for use’ when we talk of quality it means that product should be fit for use and it is the user who judges and decides what qualities he wants in the product.2. b) Regular purchase Department This department is responsible for all the incoming material brought in that is used in regular production. Thus stores have got a huge task to do and that can’t be performed as a single association and thus has been divided into different sections as per the need such as Incoming Material Stores named as Group 1. This department is further divided into two departments a) Vendor Development. This department is further divided into Sub-Departments.3 Stores. This department is responsible for over all Quality Control of the incoming components and Assurance about the Quality of the Tractor to the customer. STORES DEPARTMENT This department is responsible for the handling of the incoming material.30 - 4..

or almost all the qualities desired by the customer. He should also make a product.. The designer should aim at a design which fulfills all the qualities. Quality of conformance The degree or extent to which a product actually conforms to in accordance with the specification and drawing is called the ‘Quality of Conformance’.31 2. All these indicate as to what extent the product will be available for use. this is achieved through. Quality of conformance 3. Availability 4. you can’t design your motor for 4.5 HP. . Customer service Quality of design The design must meet all the requirements of the customer. which would become more competitive. Availability This includes such characteristics as reliability. If he wants a motor of say 5 HP. maintainability and length of life. manufacture and service products of such quality which ensure the customer satisfaction. Customer Service This includes the extent to which customer can get assistance from the manufacturer or to keep the product in continuous use. The quality policy of Eicher tractor is to design. develop.

Conducting special quality studies and managing the entire quality system. Establish a feedback link about the quality-related information to the management. The various sub departments of quality assurance department are: (a) Metallurgical Lab (b) Standard Room (c) Development Cell (d) Receipt Quality Control .32 -  Continuously identifying customers needs communicating the same within the Organization. The objective of a quality assurance system is to maintain the necessary standards of quality.  Focus on design for reliability.  Timely and responsive service after sales.. planning and controlling product quality. Checking the accuracy of test measuring equipment.   Evaluating. The important components of the quality assurance system are:     Monitoring quality assurance program of suppliers.  Production and delivery of zero defect products of competitive prices in the Mode l mix required by the customers. Evaluating and controlling the quality of product in the field. ease of manufacture and cost effectiveness.

This lab includes Universal testing machine. Chemicals for determine the microstructure of the raw material. To ensure the quality of paints rubber items. The objectives of sample validation department are  To assure the dimensional and other characteristics of new sample are conforming to the specification. Rubber Testing Machine. Brinell Hardness Tester. The objectives of metallurgy lab To ensure all components should be free from any sort of non-conformance relate4d to physical chemical aspects per relevant standards.  To make quality standards along with materials department to ensure the characteristics of components over long period of time. Metallurgical Lab This lab has all facilities to determine the chemical composition of the raw material used for the production of various components. Then the sample is passed on depending upon its dimensional and other required characteristics.33 (e) Manufacturing Quality Control Sample validation If there are some changes to be made or any new component is to be install a lot of five samples is to be brought to the sample room for verification purposes. Rubber tensile testing equipment. The department purpose is to check the components of new vendor. .. Rockwell Machine.

The clearing of components includes evaluating the sample size from each lot. Basically this department coordinates between design and various divisions.34 Standard room These departments house all the measuring instruments and their records. The room is specially made dust proof for avoiding any measurement anomalies. It is a fully air conditioned room with dust free environment. CMM machine is installed here which is used to check the components for better accuracy. To demonstrate the confidence level of measurement system to the customer.. . the components are checked for various aspects and then send for confirmation or rejection. Gauge planning and procurement from the vendor for calibration. Receipt quality control RQC may be defined as the sum of the measures taken by the receivers to assure the quality or material offered by vendor. This department has a very large list of gauges and instrument. Design release department This department deals with product development of new tractors as was valtra when it was developed last year. adherence and tractability to the IS there. Objectives of standard room • • • To perform calibration of the various instruments in various department. Objectives of DR department • • • New design implementation To coordinate different department while new design is to be implemented Review of components according to quality aspects and design review. This department receives the components from the vendor and assures mainly the dimensional aspect and also the appearance of the component. which are duly calibrated according to date.

Pre-painting line. Transmission line. This department is further sub-divided into some of the parts as per different assembly lines such as Hydraulics Assembly line. To ensure this quality. settings and various alignments. Departments provide its services. The RQC department is sub divided into four sections as/materials these are a) b) c) d) Sheet metal Casting Forging Bar stock Manufacturing quality control. sealant application. To assure quality characteristics over the long term will meet with the quality standards. (a) Maintenance department For regular & preventive maintenance of machines & any other equipment used for assembly this. To assure that these standards are implemented by conducting daily audits and upgrading the standards as and when required. bearing. This department deals with the manufacturing quality. washing. 7. functional audit. PDI etc.. Post painting line. • • Judging the conformity/ of the process to the established standard and taking suitable action when deviations are noted. final product audit etc. various audits are conducted like FIFO (first in first out). PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT This Department is responsible for carrying out all the assembly operations. tourqing.35 Objective of RQC • • To assure the quality of a particular unit or group of units submitted for acceptance. . Paint10 kitchen.

With the high low provision we can increase the torque since at low speed the torque generated is . This is used for the operation of the agriculture implements like cultivator. etc. The assembly line has been categorized depending upon the operations they are performing. disc harrow. which have got synchromesh gear and mechanism. All the materials purchased are stored here systematically and items that can be rusted are applied with rust preventive oil once in a week and in season twice in a week. Transmission line In this line the gear box. The gearbox assemble is called g1 and the differential assembly is called g2. The high low speed is engaged by lever high-low. final drive assembly and ADDC coupling is done. ADDC system controls the depth of implement. 2 gears are in reverse direction. Draft is resistance of the soil. There are 8 speeds in forward direction. MB plough. The various gear mechanisms used in tractor are: • • Sliding gear mechanism Synchro-mesh mechanism Most of the models have sliding gear mechanism expect for the Eicher Valtra 6100 and power 6100. ADDC system is based on the principle of sensing the forces on implement and hence using the hydraulic pressure to lift or lower the 3point linkage. differential assembly. depending upon the draft. They are namely: • • • • • ADDC line Transmission line Pre painting line Paint shop Post painting line ADDC line ADDC stands for automatic depth and draft control.36 (b) Store Store assures regular and continuous supply to avoid line stopping. which acts against the implement..4 in high speed and 4 in low speed.

This also involves the filling of oils like steering. dashboard. MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT This department is responsible for carrying out all the maintenance work to be carried out in the plant. 8. For this purpose there is a machine which ensures that proper coupling is done.37 more. Post painting line The post painting line involves the assembly of bonnet. etc. which include first cleaning of the material. In sheet metal paint shop consist of thirteen tank systems. Pre Painting line This line includes the coupling of engine and fly wheel to the transmission assembly. clutch. ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT .. Transmission assembly also consists of PTO (power transmission output) that is used to run the pump for drawing out water and some implements like rotavator. 9. this department carries out working of equipment on the assembly line etc. air cleaner. Any kind out of repair work or maintenance such as electrical maintenance. On the line. electrical air cleaner. tyres. de-rusting. etc. water radiator. gear box oil and diesel oil. surface activation for better paint adhesion. the chassis of the tractor is painted and is then baked in over. Then brakes. descalling. pressures pipe suction pipe etc. steering mechanism are assembled along with the other items like front weight. Paint shop This shop is basically in 2 categories one line itself and second sheet metal paint shop.

Human resource department is divided into 3 parts:  Corporate HR  Plant HR  Marketing HR The department is responsible for each and every function regarding the Human resources.38 This Department is responsible for launching new technologies in the plant such as any kind of new testing machine. . Men or Human Resource is the most complicated or important resource for any organization. Out of all the. 10. SERVICES This department is responsible for providing all the services and repair works to the customers after tractors have been sold.. As we all know that 3 M’s are most vital for any production unit. layout of the plant and reducing the overall expenditures of the plant by desiccating etc. These 3 M’s are Men. implementation of new machines. Many new methods and strategies have been adopted in the past to provide need full service to the customers and full care has been taken to take care of their valuable suggestions and feedback. and Machines. 11. the department which performs all the functions relating to the human resources is known as HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. HUMAN RESOURCES DEPARTMENT: This is the most important department of any organization. Materials.

Deptt. Plant Layout & Departments LAYOUT Samples room Transmission Pre painting store (left) Pre painting store (right) Post painting store Post painting store Air filling station Inspection R.C Pre painting Addc line Rework Area Component Washing PRV ROOM Washing Production house Sheet metal washing and painting Transmission Store Painting and Baking Engg..I.39 PLANT 5. And SHQ Test rig Post painting Sub assy P.D.Q. and Final Inspection .

. mandideep for knowing about 5150 pwer steering and also knowing about its mechanism..40 - I am here in Eicher tractor.

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Hex bolt .Tandem pump 4.43 - COMPONENTS OF 5150 PS 1.Filter 5.Pipe mounting braket 3..Gasket gear pump 2.

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