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Published by: undercoverseraph on Oct 14, 2010
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DRAMA • Drama – classified as literature – can be read as well as experienced on stage - intended to be seen and heard based upon

sequences of visual and auditory stimuli - drama is the term used for the written play, and theater for the performed drama - drama, novels and short stories are alike in having a plot, characters, settings and theme - basically a story in words that are in dialogue and are acted out Two forms of Drama: (1) Tragedy – refers to tragic drama which stresses the vulnerability of human beings whose suffering is brought on by a combination of human and divine actions, but is generally undeserved for its harshness; the hero (protagonist) suffers some serious misfortune which is not accidental and therefore meaningless; and (2) Comedy – characterized by an exuberant and highspirited satire of public persons and affairs. Pantomime – story without words Dialogue – information conveyed to the audience Act – a part of a larger whole but distinct and independent insofar as it has its own beginning and ending Scene – a division of acts; has its own unity and its own place in the act, as well as the entire play Stage directions – indicate that some period of time has elapsed between end of one act and the beginning of the next Dramatic organization – prescribes a single structure to which all plays conform to a greater or lesser degree. Exposition – gives the audience any information it needs to know about the past Complication (rising action) – involves the protagonist in a course of action that will materially affect future developments Crisis – an event which decides the result of the action, whether it be good or bad Denouement (‘unraveling,’ ‘falling action) or catastrophe – the inevitable conclusion of the play Characters – individuals / persons who act out the dialogue of the play - Protagonist – hero; main character - Antagonist – villain; adversary (character or force) Setting – a means of emphasizing what is said in the play; also contributes to the mood of the play Stage – a place for the actors Auditorium – a place for the audience Box office – ticket booth Thalia – shown as a laughing mask; the muse of Comedy in Greek drama Melpomene – shown as a crying mask; the muse of tragedy in Greek drama

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