Football Fundamental s

Table of Contents Page Basic Fundamentals of Coaching Football................................................................3 Offensive Fundamentals Offensive Line Fundamentals....................................................................................4 Offensive Line Drills.................................................................................................4 Running Back Fundamentals.....................................................................................8 Running Back Drills..................................................................................................8 Receiver Fundamentals..............................................................................................10 Receiver Drills...........................................................................................................12 Quarterback Fundamentals........................................................................................14 Quarterback Drills......................................................................................................15 Defensive Fundaments Defensive Line Fundamentals....................................................................................17 Defensive Line Drills.................................................................................................18 Linebacker Fundamentals..........................................................................................20 Linebacker Drills.......................................................................................................25 Defensive Back Fundamentals...................................................................................27 Defensive Back Drills................................................................................................30 Tackling Drills...........................................................................................................33

Basic Fundamentals of Coaching Football  Understand the Game - It's imperative that your team understands the basic rules and tactics of the game of football. And that has to start at the top - YOU. Any indecision or lack of knowledge you show will put doubt in your player’s mind.  Character - If you want your players to carry themselves with a high moral code, you need to show them the way. You must show them what a true role model is. How do you do this?  Start by being consistent. When you say you're going to do something, be sure you follow through with it. Be sure your team always sees you under control no matter the situation. Show your team that any situation can be handled by staying in control of your emotions.  That doesn't mean you have to sacrifice any of your fire or intensity. It just means handling all the things that come up in practice and games without flying off the handle. If the coach can't show character, how can the players be expected to?  Character is also shown when you can admit you're wrong when you make mistakes. Your team will develop much more respect for you if you apologize when you make mistakes rather than trying to set yourself above the standards you expect of them. It's OK when this happens. You're human and we all make mistakes. Just don't try to cover them up or hide from them. You'll be amazed what that'll mean to your players.  Communication – stay in contact with parents and players. Be sure the players know what is expected and parents know what is going on in your program. Keep parents informed of practice and game times. The more parents know through your communications with them the less individual questions will arise.  Make it Fun - Being able to enjoy the process is vital to a team's success. If practice is all drudgery and no fun, you'll lose your players quickly. Strive to strike a balance between serious learning and a laugh or two.  Allow for a little humor when mistakes are made. When players want to laugh and get loose once in awhile, take it as a sign that they're having fun, not that they're being disrespectful. Keep practices fun and keep all players involved in the process.  Be Positive - Nothing will kill your players more than a negative attitude. A positive attitude will keep you above the competition.  Yes, bad things will happen. Your players will make mistakes at the absolute worst times. You'll make bad calls or decisions. Above all else, keep things in a positive light and move on. The only things you can control are you attitude and your actions. Everything else is outside of your control, so don't get negative when those things upset you.  Make sure your experience coaching football is an over-all positive one for both you and your players.

line your men up in straight lines. All players can do this at one time. Proper steps are crucial to gaining the advantage on the defender.  Outside Run Plays – Steps need to be angled to aiming point on the defender. • Position 3 – Put your hand on the ground with light weight.  Step with foot nearest your assigned man – use quick aggressive steps  Put your eyes in the chest (or appropriate location for the play called) of your defender. .  Contact the defender by punching him with your hands. with your eyes and hands.  Shoot your hands into the defender – punch him.  Back – Keep your back flat Back  Head – Eyes up looking at defender  Little weight on your hand o Steps – steps will vary depending on the play called. Make sure your eyes are looking straight ahead. • Position 2 – Bend down and put your elbows on your knees. Then go through each Position.Short.  Move your feet side to side to keep yourself in front of the defender.  Once contact is made. standing upright. lock in. • Position 1 – Feet shoulder width apart with a heal toe stagger.  Keep your feet moving up field on contact o Pass Blocking  On the snap get out of your stance quickly. o Run Blocking  Block with your eyes. Offensive Fundamentals  Offensive Line Fundamentals o Stance – 3 Point  Base – Feet shoulder width apart. o To start the drill.  Feet – Heal to toe Stagger – toes pointed up field.  Control the defender with your hands. hands. Review each of the above positions with all players.  Get your shoulders up and hands ready in front of your chest.  Inside Run Plays .  Keep your eyes focused on the defender to see his next move. and feet.  Offensive Line Drills o Stance Drill  Position Drill– the objective of this drill will ensure the lineman are getting in the proper stance using a progression of movements. quick steps with toes pointing up field.

 Steps and Base – the objective of this drill is to ensure that all lineman are taking the proper steps and keeping a base. • Make sure the lineman keep their pad level low. On the snap count the linemen will step over the back edge of the bag with their right foot placing it on the right side of the bag and continue running while straddling the bag with short aggressive steps. • 1st time through – The linemen will straddle the bag and get in a proper stance. knees bent and feet wide). have the linemen explode pressing their hands and moving their feet through the defender. all players should have feet should width apart with a heal to toe stagger.  . Fit Drill – The objective is to teach the straight ahead base block. (If you have chutes you can do these drills under chutes also. • Align three or four defenders in the standing defensive position with three or four offensive linemen in front of them. On the snap count the linemen will step over the back edge of the bag with their left foot placing it on the left side of the bag and continue running while straddling the bag with short aggressive steps.) • 2nd time through – The linemen will put their right foot on the back left corner of the bag. Be sure to check that they have the correct position. Then reset and fire off on the snap count.Call Position 1. • Set out 5 agility bags about 1 yard apart parallel to each other.) • 3rd time through – The linemen will put their left foot on the back right corner of the bag. (This simulates blocking a defensive lineman on the linemen’s right shoulder. • Have the lineman line up on the ends of each bag according to the position they play. This will give you the opportunity to check to make sure the first step is in the right place. Next call “Position 2” all lineman should do the next position.) o Variations to Steps and Base – have the lineman take just one step and then reset. Once they are all in a good stance say “Relax” they all stand up and do it again. (This simulates blocking a defensive lineman on the linemen’s left shoulder. At the snap. Also keeping their feet on each side of the bag. Have the lineman fit into the defensive player (eyes in the chest. On the snap count the lineman will fire off taking short aggressive steps. driving them off the football. You can also add in firing off on the snap count and then doing the drill again. Then do the same for position 3. Once you have checked them all you can have them reset and then take two steps. hands locked into the chest just above the eyes.

have the linemen explode pressing their hands and moving their feet through the defender.Develop the ability to roll the hips with power. the coach signals the defender to move left or right. Get the first group of lineman positioned on all fours right up close to the sled.• Coaching Points . hands locked into the chest just above the eyes. The lineman must stay locked on the defender until the coach signals the end of the drill. At the whistle. • Coaching Points – can have several groups lined up ready to go. have the players explode into the sled with thumbs up and hips rolled.Roll the Hips • Offensive linemen line up on the 5 man sled for this football drill. • Offensive linemen line up on the 5 man sled for this football drill. driving them off the football. Then the left foot. sink their hips and roll forward with the correct hand placement. Line up two blockers and one running back against two defensive linemen and a linebacker.    Maintain Fit . • This is an excellent drill for your offensive linemen. Have the lineman fit into the defensive player (eyes in the chest. At the snap. Get the first group of lineman positioned in a 3 point stance up close to the sled. Next.Be sure your offensive lineman keep their heads up and knees on the ground for proper hip roll. The lineman should hit their stomachs and then get back up quickly. Make sure players' backs are flat.Emphasize the proper fit position and to keep the lineman’s feet moving with the defender. • Coaching Points . • Coaching Points . forcing the lineman to hold his block during the movement. Make sure the lineman is continually trying to drive the defender down field and is not just hanging on. • Align three or four defenders in the standing defensive position with three or four offensive linemen in front of them. The coach stands behind the defense signaling which way to run the play. Make sure all groups on the field are using proper technique. Next have the lineman take one step with right foot and do the same drill. • Coaching Points . Hip Roll Drill (from 3 point stance) .Watch for good fit and follow-through during this offensive line drill. At the whistle. right or up the middle. Have your blockers create a running lane to the left.Be sure your offensive lineman keep their heads up. Six-Point Sled Drill . have the players explode into the sled with thumbs up and hips rolled. Oklahoma Drill – competition drill for the whole team.Teach lineman to hold their blocks once contact is made. knees bent and feet wide). butts are down and their heads are up "seeing" the defender's jersey number.  .

on the whistle. . You settle back to put your body in front of the defender and see any moves he might make. and keep their body in front of the defender. • Align two or three defenders in-between cones (can use anything) that are placed about 3 yards apart. (Settle set is dropping back about a yard and setting up in front of the defender. The offensive line will snap up out of their stance and “mirror” the defender. • Next. • Coaching Points – watch that the lineman are shuffling their feet and not crossing them over. Have offensive lineman line up across from the defender. Also that their hands are at their chest. have the defender rush the QB. On the snap the defenders will run side to side between the cones. • Coaching Points – watch that the lineman is getting upright quick and keeping their knees bent. • Have your lineman line up in 4 lines. On the snap of the ball they must quickly get out of their stance and take a settle set. The lineman must make sure that they punch the defender.• o Picture of Oklahoma Drill o Pass Blocking Drills  Set Drill – The objective is to teach the lineman to get out of their stance quick and get proper position. There is no contact. Also make sure that the lineman are keeping their hands in the proper position. stopping his momentum.  Mirror Drill – The objective is to teach the offensive line to move their feet to stay in front of a defender.

 Running Back Drills o Strip Drill – the objective is to teach backs to protect the ball as well as stay upright on contact. Each group should be lined up single file behind the first blocking bag. o Receiving a hand off  DO NOT LOOK AT THE QB! Keep your eyes focused on the location you are running the play. shoulders down. When you feel the ball touch your chest. The point of the ball should split your 1st and 2nd finger.  3 point – Heal to toe Stagger – toes pointed up field. The players should try and strip the back as he moves by. placing little weight on your hand.  Using six blocking bags. The elbow closest to the quarter back goes up and your thumb should be pointing to the ground. Place the other hand across the belt with your palm up. Have the running backs take handoff and then sprint into the path between the players. slight bend in the knees and hands should rest on your thigh pads. Rest your other forearm on your thigh pad. position them into two rows of three bags each. Be sure the bags are one yard apart and that the two lines are about five yards apart. Create two groups each consisting of a few running backs and one quarterback.the objective is to teach proper hand-off fundamentals. close your hands together and take the football. o Two-Line Bag Drill . Place your hand on the ground below your eyes. flat back and eyes up looking at defender.Be sure your running backs keep a low center of gravity.  Coaching Points . knees up. your running backs will have to concentrate even more on protection of the football as they squeeze both into the body.  Position two lines of players (about 5-6 men in each line) with a small path in between. With the 2-ball variation. As a variation. have the ball carriers hold a ball in each arm during this running back football drill. . Running Back Fundamentals o Stance  2 point – Feet shoulder width apart. o Ball Tuck  4 point of pressure – • Fingers on tip of the ball • Forearm on the side of the ball • Bicep on the back of the ball • Chest on the side of the ball  Keep the ball high and tight to your body.

This happens every 5 yards until they reach the goal line. the coach will signal a direction for the backs to cut to. they should switch the ball to the other arm. The cut at the end of the running back football drill should be sharp and quick. Teach proper technique for regaining balance: bring the head up. and feet providing a wide base. o Maintain Contact . At the whistle. One line of players are the running backs while the other line will be defenders. forcing the running back to hold his block during the movement.Make sure each back sets up in a correct stance and then uses proper technique when receiving the hand-off. The coach signals the defender to move left or right.  Give each back a ball and have them position themselves at the 25 yard line.  Fit position: Head up. After the backs break through the third bag in their line. o Stumble Drill – Teach ball carriers how to keep their balance while falling as well as keeping the ball secured. be sure they lift their knees and hold onto the football securely. At the coach's signal.Emphasize the proper fit position and to keep the running back's feet moving with the defender. hands inside. As they run through the bags. Each group lines up on a line of scrimmage so there is a long line of "pairs" facing one another. At the whistle. Have the running backs change lines after each rep. . o Fit Drill – Teach the fundamentals of basic blocking.Make sure each running back switches the ball to the opposite arm after each stumble.  Coaching Points . the offensive player blocks the defender using the fit position form.  Form two single file lines facing one another (one offense.  Coaching Points . o Mirror Drill – Teach proper pass blocking to running backs. each QB will handoff to the first running back in his line as the backs cradle the football properly and run through the three blocking dummies. butt down. flat back. On the coach's signal. As they get up and regain balance.  Running backs form two groups. the running backs move into the defenders and perform the "fit" blocking position. The back must stay locked on the defender until the coach signals the end of the running back drill. instruct them to start running.  Begin this running back football drill on the coach's signal.Emphasize the correct fit position with each movement during this running back drill. then repeat the running back drill back to the 25.Teach backs to hold their blocks once contact is made. the running backs should place their palm to the ground as if stumbling. Coaching Points . the chest out and drive the knees forward for power. Every 5 yards. one defense).  Coaching Points .

Slide. the defender shuffles back & forth between the cones while the RB breaks down and "mirrors" his movements (running back keeps chugging his legs). pass blocks him and maintains contact. The coach should signal again after about 5 seconds.   Position 2 cones on the line of scrimmage about five yards apart.The running back needs to keep his knees bent during entire running back drill for a proper low position. On coach's whistle. Be sure the RB doesn't cross his feet during the initial shuffling "mirror" drill. step. slide. At that point the defender tries to burst past the RB while the RB steps up. They should be approximately two yards apart. Put a running back and defender on the line facing one another. etc. . Coaching Points .

The point of the ball should split your 1st and 2nd finger. (Chest over knees. Receiver Fundamentals o Stance  Outside foot back (this helps us keep our shoulders square to the line of scrimmage)  “Z” in the knees – You want a slight bend in the knees so that on take off you can immediately start moving forward. and tuck it.  Hands – You should form a diamond with your hands. As you come back across use the rip move if the defender has gotten his hands on you.  The receiver should have a slight forward lean. o Starts/Release  NO FALSE STEPS! When the receiver starts his routes all steps should be gaining ground. . • One step fake – take a hard step to the opposite side you want to release and then step back hard to the correct side. to avoid the defender knocking it out. ready to run. You have to continue to move down field during the move. Your 1st fingers and thumbs should touch to form a “Pocket” for the football.)  Hands should be out front. Be sure to keep your eyes on the football all the way through the catch to the tuck. upward to shed the defender off of you.take a hard step to either the inside or outside of the defender (depending on route) and throw your arm. This means we want the point to fit into the diamond we formed with our hands and then we grab the fat (middle) of the football. nearest the defender. • Rip Release. Immediately bring the football to your body. elbows bent. We want to watch the point of the ball and grab the fat of the ball. When running an inside route be sure to release inside. knees over toes. It is the same move defensive lineman use. When running an outside route release outside. o Catching  Eyes – The receiver should follow the ball with their eyes all the way to the tuck.  Release – there are a couple of different releases that can be utilized to get off of the line quickly. If he false steps you need to change his stance so that he eliminates that false step. bending at his waist. o Ball Tuck  4 point of pressure – • Fingers on tip of the ball • Forearm on the side of the ball • Bicep on the back of the ball • Chest on the side of the ball  Keep the ball high and tight to your body.

o Release Drill .  Position the wide receivers in a single file at one of the yard lines with their backs to the quarterback.Teach receivers to get the head around and locate the ball quickly. o "Get the Head Around" Drill . then tuck the ball away. locates the football and makes the catch. high. etc) so receivers can practice catching different types of balls. .  When you get close enough punch the defender with your hands and lock in. The quarterback stands about 12-15 yards behind the line of receivers.  Coaching Points . Also make sure the receiver watches the football all the way to the tuck. Be sure that your shoulders are over your toes. Have the quarterback or coach throw to the first receiver in line. so the defensive back always believes the ball is coming to you. Emphasize the need to get their hands up and in good position to make the catch.  When making a cut do not get on your heals.  Make sure you position yourself to keep your butt to the football. align your receivers in a single-file line.Teach receivers to release off the line properly.  When the defender stops and sees that it is a run play you have to stop get a base and continue to work toward your defender under control. the receiver runs to the end of the line and the next receiver runs their route. After the catch.  Sprint off the football just like you are running a GO route.Be sure your wide receivers get themselves turned all the way around and are facing the ball during this wide receiver drill.  Explode off the line of scrimmage.  Coaching Points . catch the ball with the thumbs in.  For this wide receiver drill. and plant the foot away from the direction you are going. the receiver turns himself around completely.  Receiver Drills o Tuck-It-In Drill . Explode out of the cut and get to the assigned spot. But the fundamentals are always the same. This will help you stay upright and not lean on the defender. Keep your weight forward and on the balls of your feet. o Routes – routes will vary depending on the offensive scheme. As you are locked into the defender move your knees to his knees.Be sure to throw a variety of passes (low. The receiver should look the pass in. then as you get into the cut you lower your shoulders.o Blocking – a very important part of being a good receiver is being able to block.  Keep your feet moving the whole time and stay locked into the defender.Teach to catch with the hands and then tuck the football in to secure it. You have to always run as hard as possible. The QB passes to the first receiver in line and yells "Ball!". On that signal.

Teach receivers how to react properly to the defender's positioning and technique. feet moving. you can run the entire route out of your offensive sets. to get the DB backpedaling. On the coach’s signal. butt down. pass blocks him and maintains contact. Go through different route releases.  On coach's whistle.  After deciding which route to run. At the QB's signal. At that point the defender tries to burst past the receiver while the receiver steps up.During this wide receiver drill. Once they get this part of the route down. o Stalk Block . look for proper blocking form hands inside. After the catch. he stops and makes a move forward.Teach wide receivers to make their route cuts decisively and finish each route. Put a receiver and defender on the line facing one another. head up. wide base.  Align each receiver across from a defender. Don't turn the hips.  Coaching Points – Make sure the receiver is sinking their hips.Teach your wide receivers to keep good body balance so they can stay positioned in front of the defender. receiver finishes the last 3-4 steps. the defender shuffles back & forth between the cones while the receiver breaks down and "mirrors" his movements.  Have one line of receivers and one defender out front.Teach receivers to block defensive backs. o Cut Drill . place a cone where the cut should be made and position your receiver about 3-4 steps from the cone. The receiver needs to slow down and keep his feet moving and make contact for the block. The coach should signal again after about 5 seconds. The receiver starts to quickly run in place with hands pumping (as if running the route). keeping their shoulders over their toes and planting their outside foot. The receiver sprints off the line with the look of a deep route. Helps develop hand/eye coordination. Also. the DB is looking at the coach while back peddling. Coaching Points . Also make sure that no one is taking false steps.Teach receivers to block defensive backs. Teach receivers to snap their heads around quickly to better locate the ball.  Coaching Points . Their feet shouldn't cross. o Mirror Drill . the receiver should tuck the ball and head up field.Pay close attention to each receiver's release technique. They should be approximately two yards apart. Emphasize the need to get close to the DB during the initial drive up field. teach your players to watch the defensive back's feet. . Be sure they have their hands in proper position to make the catch cleanly. makes the cut at the cone and catches the football.  Position 2 cones about five yards apart.  Coaching Points .

ready to pass. Practice your spacing so you don’t run into the back or fail to reach him. it will be difficult to throw a consistent spiral.  Hand placement – The throwing hand is the top hand. When you reach the set-up area then bring the ball up for the correct throwing motion. then bring the ball in cleanly to the chest with both hands as you begin to drop back. Once you’ve put the football under the running backs inside elbow.  Ball Position – Make sure you hold the ball securely in front of your chest.  Receiving the ball – Ride the center as you receive the snap. o Throwing  Grip: Each player will potentially have a different grip that works best for him. • The hand should be as high on the top half of the football as possible. • The fingers should be as spread out as possible from index to pinky. If either of these two fingers (the thumb or middle finger) get higher or lower than the other. relaxed and extended. Quarterback Fundamentals o Taking the snap – The center-quarterback exchange must become automatic. Continue this until you reach your set-up area. don’t let go until you feel the back take firm hold of it. o Drop Back –  Steps – Make your first step out with the passing side foot. Cup the bottom hand against the top hand at an angle greater than 90° to avoid jamming the fingers. The first quarterback fundamental here is to practice the exchange over and over and over. The football should be delivered so that the laces are in the throwing hand. Make sure the fingers are spread. Constant repetition is required to develop the proper timing with your running back.  Throwing Motion / Delivery • With the ball in a high position at the ear. • Fingers should be placed along the laces. Avoid bending much at the waist by flexing your knees a bit. • The thumb and middle finger should form a perfect half-circle around the ball. Place the hand high in the center’s crotch so the center can feel its position. . Be sure to push deep after each step to get deep into the pocket. then crossover with the opposite leg. o Hand Off –  It’s the job of the quarterback to be sure the handoff is successful. it should be released with a quick and high delivery.  Arms – Your arms should be bent slightly to give room for extension at the snap.

• Extend arm from the body and hold ball with palm facing down. The front foot should be planted on the ball not the heel and when the ball is released. • With palm facing down. With each motion. repeat drill with the other hand. Repeat drill with opposite hand. the shoulders will tend to be upward and a lot of high passes will result. hold the ball at one end. Do at least 15 reps with each hand. the chin should be over the knee which should be over the ball of the foot. Rotate the hips and shoulders to bring the elbow and arm through. With the back of the hand. Drop the ball and then re-grip instantly. be sure they re-grip the football. (Coaching point: a stake could be driven straight through the head. Bring football back to starting point and repeat at least 15 times. flick the ball into a full front spin and re-grip the ball with palm facing down again. then try with two hands at the same time. dropping or dipping in a long.) If the QB over strides. Drop and Rotate Drill – Ball handling drill. The ball should be released off of the index and middle fingers as the hand turns down and the thumb rotates. the quarterback grips the ball and moves the ball up and down. and plants on his heel. You can also do both hands at same time by using two footballs. give the ball a full back spin so it lands on the back of the hand. Basketball Drill – Ball handling drill. • With palm facing down. Perform at least 15 reps with each hand. The elbow should rise up and the ball should naturally turn out with the palm facing the sideline. On a deep throw. The elbow should be as high as or higher than the ear. the stride should be slightly longer to get the shoulders slightly upward and the ball up in the air. knee and foot. The follow through should then naturally take the hand to the opposite hip to finish the throw properly o QB Drills  Grip Drill – Ball handling drill.    .• • • • • The initial movement should never be down. • Same as the Drop Drill except that as the ball is dropped. the quarterback rotates his hand around the ball before re-gripping it. After at least 15 reps. With a flick of the fingers.  Drop Drill – Ball handling drill. The shoulders should be leaning forward at the apex of the throw so the QB throws the ball downhill. slow wind up motion. Spin Drill – Ball handling drill.

lifts the football like he would when taking the snap and passes the ball to his partner. the follow-through is straight at the receiver with palm down. make sure the proper depth is reached. The first QB gets the proper grip.To develop the proper wrist snap and release of the ball. move the ball from hand to hand behind the back and between the legs. • Coaching Points . boom.Develop the three and five and step drop-backs. The ball should be a chest level during the drop-back. he should be set and ready for a pass with the ball up ready to throw. After ten reps back and forth. boom. Do at least 3 sets that last 25-30 seconds each..   . Circle Drill . (3 yards for 3 step and at least 5 yards for 5 step. • Can also do the drill with only the throwing knee down. they will then reverse and repeat the drill in the opposite direction. most of his body weight is positioned on the back foot. Do the three step 5-10 times.• Just like a basketball point guard.Make sure your QB performs this drill with adequate quickness and that at set-up. • Begin the football quarterback drill with the QB's on both knees. move the players five yards further apart and continue football drill from there. • Quarterback starts in the pre-snap stance and on coach's whistle. Align them about five yards apart. • Coaching Points . Drop-Back Drill . performs a three step drop. If you have a net (soccer net works well) have the QB throw into the net (or to a partner) when they reach their set up.Check for proper grip with opposite hand securing the ball. throw. Be sure follow-through is correct and pay attention to accuracy.  Knee Drill . Also. Be sure the ball is brought up near the ear.Develop "throwing on the run" skills • Standing about 10-15 yards apart. • Coaching Points . have two QB's run in a circle as they pass the ball back and forth. Perform this football drill as fast as you can. Boom. On the coach's signal. then do the same thing with a five step drop-back.. On the third step.) • Very important .Be sure they get their shoulders square to the target before throwing and utilize correct hip rotation.Be sure there are no false steps in the drop.

 Head – The head must be up in order to see across the line and not down. looking at the ground. he can use these tools to free himself up to make a play. Coaching Point: In order to maintain a low pad level. o Hands . o Get Off .  Head Up . the eyes must be below the hands. the head must be up and the hips down. While stepping around the defender will drop his shoulder and swing his arm upward to clear off the blockers hands. balanced stance and excellent footwork. Then use the rip move to get past the blocker. his hips down and maintain a low pad level. and Club. For advanced D Lineman they may use the Swim and Spin. o Striking –  Gap – The D Lineman has one hand striking the blocker at the center of the chest plate and the other hand (the gap hand) striking the blocker on the gap side shoulder pad. Weight should be distributed so that the hand can be picked up with a slight lean. Defensive Fundamentals  Defensive Line Fundamentals o Stance – 3 Point  Base – Feet at shoulder width.  Rip – The D Lineman will use his hands to pull the blocker to his side and then step around. As the defensive lineman explodes out of his stance to execute his first step it is critical that he keep his head up. Once the defensive lineman has controlled his gap and deciphered where the play is headed.  Feet – Toes pointed up field with a toe to instep stagger.  Back – Keep a flat back. spinning hard to the inside.  Shuck . Fingertips should be on the ground.A spin move is set up by rushing the outside shoulder of the blocker and then when he commits to the rush. Shuck.As the defensive lineman is coming out of his stance and making that first step his hands must come up hard and strike the blocker with both hands at the designated striking points (Gap technique or head up).The D Lineman has both hands striking the blocker in the chest plate. . knocking him off balance. If a player has difficulty with lateral movement have him adjust his stance so that it is slightly less that shoulder width.The shuck is a basic grab and throw technique. The D Lineman uses his hands to pull or push the defender out of his way.  Club – On the snap of the ball the D Lineman will swing his arm into the shoulder of the blocker.  Arm and Hand – The down hand should be placed on the ground under the eye.  Spin . not a fist. not resting on the knee. The offhand is to be placed alongside the off-leg in a cocked position.The Get Off is similar to a sprinter exploding out of the blocks at a track meet and consists of a solid. o Disengagement – These skills include the Rip.

On the coach's signal. not the cadence and proper hand use.  Coaching Points .  Defensive Line Drills o Initial Step Drill (Ball) . The defensive player must react on the movement.Make sure your defensive linemen have good fundamentals in their stances and when they take that initial step off the line. The coach holds the football in front of the lineman and barks out the offensive cadence. .Teach explosion out of the stance. At the whistle. The defender then rolls sideways out of the way so the next defensive lineman can get into position.  Defensive linemen line up single-file in front of a one-man sled. Emphasize the need to react off the man. o Hip Roll Drill (from 3 point stance) . sink their hips and roll forward with the correct hand placement.Roll the Hips  Defensive linemen line up single-file in front of a one-man sled (can also use a 5 man sled) for this football lineman drill.Be sure your defensive lineman keep their heads up and knees on the ground for proper hip roll. one defense) and have the first pair line up on a line of scrimmage. Can also add one or two steps into the drill.Be sure your defensive lineman keep their heads up.  Line up the defensive linemen in a single-file in front of the sled with the first player in his stance about a yard away. have the player explode into the sled with thumbs up and hips rolled. Get the first lineman positioned on all fours right up close to the sled.Make sure your defensive linemen have good fundamentals in their stances and when they take that initial step off the line. At the snap. The coach barks the signal and the offensive player explodes out into the defender when ready.  Coaching Points . o Initial Step Drill (Man) . Repeat drill with the next pair and so on. Get the first lineman positioned in a 3 point stance up close to the sled. At the whistle. have the defenders explode out of their stances 4-5 yards up the field. the defender must explode into the sled pad and drive the sled up with short. o Explosion Drill . Break any offsides habits during this football defensive line drill.Develop the ability to roll the hips with power.  Divide defensive linemen into pairs (one will be offense.  Coaching Details .  Align 2-3 defensive linemen on the line in their stances. then have the next group get set for their turn. trying to get the linemen to jump. have the player explode into the sled with thumbs up and hips rolled. o Six-Point Sled Drill .Teach your defensive line an explosive first step at the snap of the ball without going offsides.  Coaching Points . Swim – Similar to the rip move but when stepping around the blocker the D Lineman brings his arm over the blocker and down across to clean him off.Teach defensive linemen to react off the offensive line's movement.

. the player drops the sled and rips through the sled and sprints past the sled. On the coach's next signal. Emphasize the need for proper hip roll as the defensive linemen lift the sled on contact. Coaching Points . choppy steps. Watch hand placement fundamentals.Check stances and take-off technique. The coach then signals which way for the lineman to sprint lateral in either direction.

 Hands – Elbows with a slight bend and hands in front ready for contact.  Knees – Bend you knees to be in an athletic breakdown stance. In the graphic below the Tight End is aligned on the right side of the formation. A through D starting from the center out. o Here is an example of a 4-3 defense assignments. A read step is an aggressive step toward the line of scrimmage at the snap of the ball that gets players moving and prevents them from being flat footed. Line Backer Fundamentals o Stance  Feet – Shoulder width apart.Every defense is set up or designed to control each gap. Linebackers have the gaps that the defensive lineman are not in. As the read step is . The specific assignment of gaps simply comes down to a base defense that a team will choose to line up in.The first element of a Linebacker read is a read step. o Run Reads . o Gapology . It also shows the best way to label gaps. • Weak side C Gap – Weak side Defensive End Weak side B Gap – WILL Linebacker Weak side A Gap – Weak side Defensive Tackle Strong side A Gap – MIKE Linebacker Strong side B Gap – Strong side Defensive Tackle Strong side C Gap – Strong side SAM Strong side D Gap – Strong side Defensive End  o Reads .An effective linebacker must learn how to quickly decipher what the offense is trying to do.  Eyes – Eyes will look through the D Line into the backfield. o Weak Side vs. Strong Side: The strong side of an offensive formation is the side where the Tight End is aligned.

Good footwork and an understanding of the half-man concept will help a linebacker with force play. If they develop the habit of just saying the words “Cutback.  Force Play – Force play is simply forcing the ball inside when the offense is attempting to run the ball outside of the tackles. The linebacker must always keep the blocker at arms length. they must immediately be focused on the running backs and the quarterback. he must then work to force the play to the inside where the strength of the defense is. the linebacker must attack the outside shoulder of the blocker. The half-man concept is simply attacking or controlling 1/2 of the blocker. stay parallel to the line of scrimmage and attack . This may seem contradictory because the main focus of a linebacker is to stop the run. It may seem difficult to accomplish a read this quickly but what the linebacker is looking for is a pass block. The flow of the offensive will be to one of these three areas * If a SAM or a WILL see a play moving away from them to the opposite side they must develop a discipline to look for a reverse action play such as a bootleg or reverse.  As soon as the linebacker’s foot hits the ground on his read step he will know if the play is a pass or a run. The linebacker must then press (push him like a bench press) the blocker to keep him at arms length in order to maintain leverage and maneuverability. The linebackers must find this window.  What linebackers must understand is that the offense is pouring all of their energy into creating a window for their running back to pass through. It takes an offensive lineman the same amount of time to step back into a pass blocking position as it does for the linebacker to take his read step. In effect what the linebacker is doing is eliminating the pass block first. In order to force the play inside. but by quickly eliminating the pass block he can then instantly focus on his next read. the linebackers are gaining their vision and making their initial read on the offensive linemen. strong side.being taken. The aiming point for the inside hand is the center of the chest plate and the aiming point for the outside hand is the outside shoulder of the blocker. As he is attacking 1/2 of the blocker he must at the same time strike and grab the blocker with his hands to gain control of the blocker. while keeping track of the ball. o An effective linebacker crew must learn how to work as a unit by funneling the play to a teammate when necessary (Force Play) and covering a teammate’s backside by cutting off running lanes (Angle of Attack). Bootleg and Reverse” as they see the action move away from them it will help them always be aware of this type of play. and attack it to make the stop. or up the middle. One thing that will help them learn to read a play a little quicker is the knowledge that there are only three ways the ball will flow: weak side. When a WILL or SAM is being blocked by an offensive lineman or a lead blocker and he cannot escape the block in time to make the tackle. The ability to watch the ball and find the window takes practice. o Finding the Window – As the linebackers have made their initial read and have eliminated the pass block and deciphered a run play.

Attack . The SAM is either trying to blow up the play in the window or force the play over to his MIKE. In order to neutralize the lead blocker the linebacker must strike the blocker with both hands directly on the chest plate. the MIKE Angles. and force the running back to take a side. The linebacker must strike the blocker squarely and not take a side and create a hole. There are three basic first level attack angles that linebackers utilize. The WILL must run parallel to the line of scrimmage and come behind the MIKE to cover the backside of his MIKE. press him. *Lead blockers (Between the Tackles) – When a linebacker sees a lead blocker coming to an inside window between the tackles.  o o The following two pictures show the flow for plays going into the middle and week side. Example 1 – If the window appears within the SAM gap range the SAM then Attacks.the outside half of the half-man. grab him by the jersey. If the ball gets by the MIKE the WILL is there to shut the door and cut off any avenue of escape. and cutback. Angle.As mentioned above a linebacker crew must develop the ability to work together to be effective. and the WILL Cutback.  Angle of Attack . . he must attack him before he gets to the hole and deliver a neutralizing blow.

The linebackers are looking for a pass block from the offensive lineman within their gap range as they are making their read step. When a pass block is recognized the linebackers must quickly drop into their pass coverage zone or cover the receiver that they are responsible for. The play side backer becomes force and tries to keep his outside arm free and force the running back inside or make the play if he goes to the outside so his angle needs to take him to the ball carrier’s or lead blockers outside shoulder. The backside backer is checking for a reverse action play first (bootleg. cutback or reverse) and then beginning to pursue flat to a downfield angle after he ensures that no cutback against the grain will take place. linebackers must learn how to work as a unit and take proper angles in order to shut down an outside running lane. . The Mike needs to find the window and run to it and make the play if the RB cuts back inside of the OLB.o o  Angle of Attack (Sweeps) .  o Pass Reads – The pass read is no different that the run read as previously described.When pursuing a sweep or a run around an end.

throw. shove. keep the blocker at arms length by using their arms to press them. Pad Level .While at arms length a linebacker must then maneuver to attack the outside shoulder (half-man) of the blocker while keeping his own outside shoulder free. Providing that the defender doesn’t grab the receiver and the ball is not in the air this technique is within the rules. linebackers must grab the blocker’s jersey at chest level. When linebackers see receivers running routes within their zone they must make every effort to re-route them to prevent them from running their patterns effectively. Good linebackers on the other hand know this.Linebackers must always try to avoid being engaged by a blocker. and not let the blocker get up into them. The keys to an effective rip are to stay low. he can then either rip through the blocker or legally grab. push and do whatever he has to do     . quickly step through while bringing the inside shoulder down and then punching upward .Good blockers will try to keep their pad level lower than the player they are blocking in order to develop a leverage advantage.Once a linebacker is engaged and has out-positioned the blocker and has him under control. o Defeating Run Blocks . and must counter this by keeping their own pad level low and neutralize the leverage of the blocker.  Rip Move .While maintaining a low pad level.allows a linebacker to quickly get around a blocker and avoid engagement. Disengage . Keep Blocker at Arm’s Length (Press) . If engagement is inevitable linebackers rely on the following techniques and fundamentals to defeat blocks. Attack Outside Shoulder . Example of Linebacker Pass Coverage Areas o  Re-routing – As long as the ball is not in the air defenders are allowed to knock receivers off course and disrupt their patterns. Zone Coverage – Each linebacker is responsible for a specific area of the field in zone coverage.

Be sure they shuffle their feet without crossing over. o Defeating Pass Blocks – When linebackers blitz the quarterback they must rely on another set of tools to defeat pass blocks. On the coach's 1st signal. Place a cone about 5 yards away on either side of the dummies. The defender executes the club by bringing a forearm down across the arms of the blocker. The coach stands between the bags while the linebackers are positioned in a single-file line at the point of the "V". or make the tackle.The shuck is a basic grab and throw technique where a defensive lineman uses the blocker’s weight against him. On the 2nd signal.  Shuck . the first player gets in good hitting position. After the last dummy. Spin . have them repeat the football linebacker drill in the other direction.  Align five dummies on a line. On the coach's first signal. On the 2nd signal.Keep your linebackers low in proper hitting position with shoulders square. head up and is in a proper hitting position.to get off of the blocker and either force the ball to a teammate. blow up the play. On a pass rush it is important to spin only when the defender gets as deep as the QB-never deeper. o "Read" Drill . Line up your linebackers in single-file at one of the cones. head up. Can also have them follow your hands and tell them to go back and forth before finishing out the opposite side. At the last bag. the linebacker should get back into hitting position again to finish the football linebacker drill. spinning hard to the inside. the player turns and runs past the 2nd cone.Teach good feet agility and to keep the shoulders square. Club . the first player in line sets up in a good hitting position. the linebacker leads with his right foot as he shuffles over the dummies. After each player goes through the bags.The club is used to keep the blockers hands off of the defender. The defender executes this technique by pulling the blocker violently towards him and then to the ground and then using a rip or swim to get around him. . These techniques are the same techniques that defensive linemen use to combat pass blocks. the coach points either right or left and the player hits the 2-3 dummies in that direction.A spin move is set up by rushing the outside shoulder of the blocker and then when he commits to the rush. Then align 2-3 more dummies the same way so you create a "V" shape.  Align 2-3 dummies about a yard apart and at a 45°.Make sure each linebacker has the shoulders square. Be sure they shuffle their feet without crossing over.  Coaching Points .  Coaching Points .Develop foot agility and the ability to read the flow of the ball.    Linebacker Drills o Agility Drill .

Teach linebackers to flow to the football and then fill the hole for the tackle. The linebacker must mirror the back down the line. . Have the lead backer try and block the linebacker.o Stay In the Box Drill . o Step in the Hole Drill .Make sure the linebacker is in good low position with the head up and delivers a good strong blow to each lineman during this football linebacker drill. On the signal.  Coaching Points .Be sure the linebacker stays low and makes a quick move into the hole with power to make the tackle.  Use 4 cones to make a 2 yard square with the linebacker inside the square. Position 2-3 lineman about 3 yards outside the square. the linemen try to block the linebacker out of the box.  Align about 6 dummies in a line about a yard or yard and a half from one another. The linebacker should step up and press the lead backer out of the way.Teach linebackers to stay their ground and to deliver a blow after only one step. Keep the linemen coming quickly one after the other. then fill the hole and make the tackle when the back makes his move. Can also have a lead blocker on this drill with a second linebacker. then come forward into one of the gaps.  Line up the linebackers in two lines facing each other.  Coaching Points – Make sure the linebacker is using his hand and pressing the lead backer out of the way. One line will be the Lead Backer and other will be the linebacker. A linebacker lines up on one side and a running back faces him on the other side. Have the back run down the line. o Attack the Lead Backer – Teach linebackers to attach the lead backer with proper technique. Make sure they use correct techniques to defeat the block and make the tackle.  Coaching Points.

 Eyes – Eyes reading the receiver. The cornerback is looking for the offensive lineman to step back into a pass blocking position. the first read that a corner must make is on the offensive lineman that is closest to him. Defensive Back Fundamentals o Cornerbacks – typically have one of the more difficult assignments in football covering fast. As the cornerbacks are watching the ball and the snap occurs the cornerbacks initiate their read steps with two quick shuffle steps away from the line of scrimmage. As the read steps are being taken. (*Leverage is positional advantage that either allows a cornerback to control a receiver or limit his routes) o Example of Leverage – When a corner is aligned 5 yards from the line of scrimmage and 1 yard to the inside of the receiver. This can change slightly depending on coverage. 5 to 7 yards from the line of scrimmage and 1 yard to the inside of the receiver. he has inside leverage and is taking away the inside routes and forcing the routes to go outside. In order to maintain his leverage he must maintain his inside position. the cornerback must then immediately begin his backpedal and get his eyes back to the receiver. clever receivers in the passing game as well as being disciplined in their run stopping roles. o Pass Defense  Alignment – With any basic defensive alignment corners will line up over the receiver to their side of the field. Read Steps and Play Recognition –The process of reading an offense starts with a defensive backs read steps. If on the other hand he wanted to force the routes   . • Footwork – An important detail in playing Defensive back is to develop disciplined footwork that includes a weaving technique that allows a cornerback to maintain leverage and knowing how to effectively break out of a backpedal to achieve a dominant position on either a crossing route or a vertical route. Pass Recognition – As soon as a pass block is deciphered from the nearest offensive lineman. o Stance  Feet – Little less then shoulder width apart. (*the cornerback must focus on the belt buckle of the receiver in order to prevent being taken in by a fake).  Knees – Bend you knees to be in an athletic breakdown stance.  Hands – Elbows with a slight bend and hands in front ready for contact. outside foot slightly further back then inside foot.

a pass block. disrupt the timing of a receiver or even intercept the ball. he must immediately plant one foot and drive with the other toward the receiver. continue with the route.inside he would align to the outside. the receiver must maintain his discipline and stay with the receiver in the event of play action). the cornerback must focus on catching up to the receiver first. and gain the dominant position. As the drive step is being taken the cornerback must then focus on gaining the dominant position to either knock the ball away or intercept the pass. (* If a receiver continues on a route and does not engage the cornerback with a block. o When a cornerback recognizes that a receiver is breaking off his vertical route and stepping into a crossing route. The defender keeps his ball-side shoulder in front of.  Run Recognition – When cornerbacks are taking their initial read steps and looking at the nearest offensive lineman. • Dominant Position . he must then bring his inside arm down and rake across the receiver’s arms to knock the ball away. forcing the routes to the inside. . they are looking for the same thing every time. • Breaking out of a Backpedal – When a vertical route is recognized. and not look for the ball until he has achieved the dominant position. If a receiver gets by. if the cornerback cannot make the interception. a defender gains the dominant position by keeping his outside shoulder just in front of the inside shoulder of the receiver. or has steps on a cornerback. When the pass block is eliminated. a defender gains the dominant position by focusing on the topside shoulder of the receiver. and on top of the topside shoulder of the receiver. o On a vertical route. make contact by bringing the outside arm across the body of the receiver. the cornerback maintains a window to the ball and is in position to break on the ball or rake the arms of the receiver as the ball arrives. and then leaning the receiver to the outside. o On a crossing route. As one arm is raking.The dominant position is a technique that pass defenders use to out-position receivers in order to knock the ball down. • Rake and Rap up – Upon arrival of the ball on a pass play. a cornerback must rotate his hips 180 degrees with no intermediate steps. the cornerbacks can then fulfill their run defense assignments. the cornerback must rap up the receiver with his other arm delivering a blow to the receiver. By being in this position.

 Alignment – The safety alignment will depend on the overall coverage scheme of the defense. The primary responsibility for a Safety is to run the alley and hit like a dog. As a general rule of thumb for a basic defensive alignment. their primary concern is to not let a receiver get behind them. he would maintain leverage. they are looking for the same thing every time. their first question is “Can he run the alley?” The alley is the stretch of field from the tackle to the sideline. Unlike linebackers. read steps. The key to keeping the play inside is to control the outside shoulder (*Half-Man) of the blocker while keeping his own outside arm free in case the runner tries to get to the outside. o Safeties – Safeties have different overall pass defense responsibilities than cornerbacks. the Strong Safety aligns on the strong side. but they share the same pass defense fundamentals described above that include read steps. 10-12 yards from the line of scrimmage on the outside shade of his Defensive End. a pass block When the pass block is eliminated. The Strong Safety’s secondary responsibility would be a running back working his way out of the backfield to the strong side.• Run Responsibilities – The main responsibility of a cornerback on run plays is to never allow a play to get outside of them. o Pass Responsibilities (Man Coverage) – In the basic 4-3 defensive alignment the Strong Safety’s primary pass defense responsibility would be the Tight End. leverage and dominant position. footwork. The Free Safety on the other side is more concerned with the run but his primary pass responsibility would be a running back working his way out of the backfield to the weak side. As with linebackers. . The cornerback attacks the outside half of the defender using his hands to control the blocker. o Run Recognition – When Safeties are taking their initial read step and looking at the nearest offensive lineman. he would then immediately focus on the TE. and they utilize the same run defense fundamentals of stance. o *The half-man concept is simply attacking or controlling 1/2 of the blocker. As the SS deciphers a pass play from his read step.  Pass Responsibilities (Zone Coverage) – When Safeties are in a zone coverage scheme. and then using good footwork. Their job is to turn the play inside where the strength of the defense is. safeties are expected to be aggressive and hard hitting run stoppers. achieve dominant position and be positioned to make a play on the ball. defeating blocks and tackling. the safeties can then fulfill their run defense assignments  Run Responsibilities – When coaches are looking for a likely candidate to play safety. The Free Safety aligns on the weak side. 10-12 yards from the line of scrimmage on the outside shade of the Tight End.

Then the coach points in the other direction. Emphasize correct stance.  Align your defensive backs into two. the first DB in each line begins backpedaling. single-file lines at the sideline. o Hip Drill . then react to where the ball is thrown.  Start this defensive back drill the same as Backpedal Drill. as the DB's get to the hashmark. the coach points either to the right or left. the first player in each line backpedals out to the hashmarks. Coach stands between the two lines and on his signal.Same as defensive back Backpedal Drill.Teach DB's the proper fundamentals of the backpedal. the defensive backs break and move to the back of the line. On the next signal. On the coach's signal. open their hips in the new direction and run. be sure your DB's stay low when changing directions and drive the near elbow to open up the hips. shoulders over the thighs with their weight distributed evenly over the balls of the feet.Develop flexibility in the hips.Keep your DB's low. you can have your DB's react to where you look and then throw the football to one of them.  Coaching Points .  Align your defensive backs into two.   Defeating Blocks (See linebacker section for defeating blocks) Defensive Back Drills o Backpedal Drill . start and backpedaling fundamentals. the DB's pivot. bent at the waist. The backs must break from their backpedal in the direction the coach points. Concentrate on getting your players to make a fast break in the correct direction. Be sure the players' eyes are locked on yours as they backpedal in a straight line (use the yard lines to keep them straight). Don't allow the players to drift when turning and running.  Coaching Points . This time.  Coaching Points . As a variation.During this defensive back drill. single-file lines at the sideline. o Backpedal & React to Ball Drill . Continue with the next one in line until each defensive back has a sufficient number of reps.Teach players to backpedal. o Pictures of more defensive back drills . the players open up and run in that direction at an angle.safeties are difficult to block and are usually unblocked which allows them to run downhill and make big hits. When the coach points.

  .

The chest should remain over the knees while the knees remain over the toes. The head is up and focused on the ball carrier. Wrap – Shoot the hands and raise the eyes while fingers grab anything to keep a hold of the ball carrier. It is important to keep your shoulders square to the aiming point and the feet moving as well as knowing where your help is. grabbing cloth or anything they can to keep hold of the ball carrier. The feet should be shoulder width apart with the toes pointed straight ahead. Finish .When evaluating a tackle. The eyes are focused forward and on the target with the hands relaxed hanging outside the knees.When teaching how to perform a tackle. The Tackle . bring the hands forward and up in a quick and powerful motion causing the hips to come forward with force. mobility and power.The arms and hands should shoot through and up. contact is made with the tackler’s shoulder pad to the ball carrier. Strike . Wrap .     . Drive – Don’t stop your feet but drive through the opponent. • • • • • These key words can be used for each part of this tackling progression: Dip – Dip the hips into the power position and keep your head up while focusing on the target.  Focus – Aiming Point . The player should dip his body to lower his hips into the power position with knees bent and weight of the body forward on the front of the feet like performing a three-quarter squat lift. The feet continue to drive through the tackle while the ball carrier is brought to the ground. The eyes should be looking at the ball carrier. Tackling 101 o Breakdown Position . They should wrap around the ball carrier and the hands should be above the elbows. Lift the ball carrier slightly to keep you on your feet and your feet moving. Approach . As the hands come forward.While maintaining the breakdown position and focus.The eyes of the tackler must be focused on the ball carrier. you must begin by teaching good football position which is a position of leverage. just before contact. to prevent dives and misses and to break the ball carrier’s balance and contact with the ground. check for the hands shooting through.The approach is closing the distance between you and the ball carrier as quickly as possible while maintaining both good football position and focus mentioned above.Strike the ball carrier at the aiming point while shooting the hands.

o Angle tackling drills – drill to insure proper aiming point and angle.check and evaluate each part of the progression to make sure proper form is used for each step.  Line up defenders into two lines across from each other 4 yards apart.  Coaching Points – Be sure the defenders close distance to ball carrier and not waits on him. Also make sure the tackler comes to balance and keeps his eyes on the ball carrier when making the tackle.coachyourkids.  Have a ball carrier and tackler 4 yards apart. Emphasize the importance of using the sideline to your advantage when performing this drill. The aiming point is the far hip.com/ . On the coaches command the ball carrier attempts to run past the defender. o Open Field Tackling  Have a ball carrier and defender 10 yards apart. Place two cones about 10 yards apart between the two players. Hit and Lift – good drill to be used at the beginning of the year.football-plays-and-drills.  Coaching Points – Make sure the defender is getting his head across the ball carriers body to the aiming point and following each part of the progression. Coach gives a command to the tackler following the progression (dip=players dip: strike=players strike etc.  Variations – can also do the drill along the sideline. Place a cone at a 45 degree angle from the ball carrier about 10 yards away. Internet Reference: http://www. as he starts moving toward the cone the defender mirror steps then attacks the ball carrier. Tackling Drills o 1.com/ http://www. Change up by having ball carrier spin on contact. Have the rest of the group fill in behind those two. The ball carrier aims for cone.)  Coaching Points .

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