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Published by Faizy Ghazi

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Published by: Faizy Ghazi on Oct 15, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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1.Purpose and Objectives

ADIOS® is an oil weathering model with a database of
over one thousand crude oils and refined products. It
provides quick information on the expected
characteristics and behaviour of oil spilled into the
marine environment. The information provided is
specifically designed to incorporate response and
cleanup needs.


ADIOS is an oil properties database with a model that
forecasts how the physical properties of selected oils
will change over time. The oil database was compiled
from a number of different sources, including
Environment Canada, the Department of Energy, the
International Oil Companies’ European Organisation
for Environmental and Health Protection (CONCAWE),
and industry. Information about the location, density,
viscosity, flash point, pour point, hydrocarbon group
analysis, and distillation data is included in the
database to the extent that it is available. ADIOS uses
this information to make predictions about expected
changes in physical/chemical properties in a spill event.

The model uses the oil database and several
algorithms to estimate time-dependent changes in
density, viscosity, water content, evaporation, and
oil-in-water dispersion. These properties all play some
role in answering operational response questions such
as determining how effective in-situ burning or
dispersant application will be.


Required input is based on information that can be
readily obtained or estimated in the field. Because this
tool provides information for operational response,
considerable attention has been given to asking for the
minimum amount of input in the simplest format,
providing guidance and/or defaults wherever possible.

The types of environmental information the model
requires include wind speed(s), wave heights, water
temperature, and salinity or density.

The model also requires some information on the spill

itself, such as type of oil, amount spilled, and spill
duration or spill rate. On-line help is available for all of
the input requirements, explaining the use of the data,
allowable inputs, where data may be obtained, and
reasonable default values.


ADIOS displays the predicted oil property changes and
estimated oil budget for a given time. These displays
can be graphical, tabular, or as a text summary. By
choosing a specific time, the user may get an oil
budget in the form of a pie chart.

5.Operational Requirements and Restrictions

ADIOS runs on both Macintosh and Windows

6.Form of Presentation

One floppy diskette.

7.Operational Experience

The current model was developed in 1994. The
release of a major upgrade was made in late 1998.

8.Originator and Technical Support

Contact Bill Lehr, National Oceanic & Atmospheric
Administration, Hazardous Materials Response &
Assessment Division, Seattle, Washington by phone:
(206) 526-6325 or email: lehr@hazmat.noaa.gov.

Additional information on ADIOS can be found at:



Contact the National Oceanic & Atmospheric
Administration, Hazardous Materials Response &
Assessment Division, Seattle, Washington at:
adiosinfo@hazmat.noaa.gov and available in English only.

10.Condition on Use

Contact Jerry Galt at galt@hazamt.noaa.gov. for
questions on conditions of use.


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