INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. For that we need level three: SM systems. 1. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. and are less expensive. and costs are generally lower.Generally. not just that of exterior. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. and flexibility. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. Moreover. cost. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory.

1. 1. rather than a part of engineering. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. DESIGN.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid.4 LAYOUTS. In this way. 8 . surface area. so mass properties (volume. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. or on the surface of the object in question.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function.systems to handle architectural problems. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. 1. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. weight. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. By its nature. to be sure. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. centre of gravity. outside.

Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. if you need for more complex sketches 2. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. To do this from the 3D. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. Without solids. Once created. it remains a challenge.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer.1. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. and then select Edit. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. but one that can be surmounted. With solid. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. 2. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces.e. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. 9 .1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. or select a planar surface. automation of process planning is also impossible.

If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements.2. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. i. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Snap to Point If activated. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. in which you specify the reference plane. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch.e. 2. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. Construction elements 10 . In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. . Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . on some occasions. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design.

These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. 2. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. graphically speaking.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. the sketch. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. These elements cannot be modified. These elements are used as positioning references. uses edges.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. As a result. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. and only visualized by. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. 11 .

Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. at the intersection point of two curves. all over a curve. . whenever possible. at the midpoint of a line.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). any of the above cases possibly combined together. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. Using SmartPick. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu.6 Creating Constraints 2. the 2. two or three elements. on a point. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. The constraints are in priority dimensional. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. According to the various active options. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid.6.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. SmartPick will return information via symbols. using coordinates. at the extremity point of a curve.

Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. 2. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. 2.6. Parallelism or Perpendicular).2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Select a first element. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Coincidence. by default. Once the profile is fully constrained. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. the application displays it in green. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. You can either select the geometry or the command first.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. 13 .constraints and to position this constraint as desired. coincidence and tangency. Horizontal.6. they are checked in the dialog box. For editing. Select the profile to be constrained. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Fix. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Angle.6. 2. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Select a second element. This constraint can be created between either two elements. If constraints already exist.

The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc.2. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. 14 . Click to create the oriented rectangle. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.

Click to create the parallelogram. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar).d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points.

The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. circle centers appear on the sketch. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. m) Creating an Arc 16 . Click three elements. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. By default. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar.

end. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. Double-click to end the spline. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). middle.It shows how to create an arc. middle. start point and end point. s) Creating a Conic 17 . Double-click the control point you wish to edit. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar.start. c) Through three points –start. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. a) The arc center point. Clicking another command ends the spline too. end. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. b) Through three points . To create a Parabola click the focus. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. To create a hyperbola click the focus. center and apex. There are three possibilities.

Click the line first point (first point). t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). x) Creating an Axis 18 . The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar).This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. a parabola or a hyperbola. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. in accordance with both points previously clicked. As a result. one after the other. a circle. To edit. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. if needed. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. Click two points on the two existing lines. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point.

Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. In this task.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Select a second line (or an axis). Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Select a first line (or an axis).This task shows how to create an axis. 2. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. of course you can create this point manually. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical).

Create two intersecting lines. Length1/Angle. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Select the two lines. The second line is also highlighted. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements).This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Length1/Length2. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Select the two curves. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. You can create rounded corners between curves. . Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Select the two lines. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Trim All / First / No element. the first or none of the elements. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Select the first line. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve.

Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). a construction line or an axis. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. The arc will now be closed. Select one or more elements to be relimited. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. These options are Rubber In. Create a three points arc. Rubber out. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). a three point arc. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. 21 from the Sketch tools . Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). For example. The line is now composed of two movable segments. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. and Break. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Select the line to be broken.

De-activate the Duplicate mode. Here. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). 12) Offsetting Elements 22 .9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Select or click the rotation center point. Multi-selection is not available. In the Translation Definition dialog box. enter a precise value for the translation length. Select the element(s) to be scaled. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Select the element(s) to be translated. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. if needed. Select or click a point to define an angle. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Enter the number of copies you need. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. In other words. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. multi-select the entire profile. Select the geometry to be rotated. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. The duplicate mode is activated by default.

Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). arc or circle.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. the line to be created appears immediately. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. If the line is not already selected. The line to be created appears. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. Select the surface. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. select it. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. by creating several offset instances. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. The selected line is duplicated. Select the face of interest. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. These projections are yellow. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Both lines are parallel. These 23 . 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. The intersection is yellow. There are two possibilities. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar).

in the Tools toolbar. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Expand the Mechanical Design option.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. You can now sketch the required profile. It indicates the overall 24 . Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Primary spacing. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. 2. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. and then click Sketcher.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Graduations. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. The Options dialog box appears. The Sketcher tab appears. 2. In other words. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. 2. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench.

This application. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. from simple to advance. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. The New dialog box is displayed. To open it.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. offers a highly productive. which is fully integrated into Part Design. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. 3. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.3. 25 . Actually. c) specific toolbars. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. b) the geometry area. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). allowing you to choose the type of document you need. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document.1 Opening a New CATPart Document.

Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. Y. 3. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve.2. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve.2.3. 3.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. . Use the combo to choose the desired point type. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. ellipse. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Between: Creating point between two other points. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. 26 . The Line Definition dialog box appears.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface.

which you can move using the graphic manipulator. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Some operations consist in adding material. Pocket.Regardless of the line type. Loft. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. In this section. others in removing material. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. 3. Shaft. Groove. Rib. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. and Remove Loft.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. it is represented by a red square symbol. 27 . Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane.2. Slot. Click the Plane icon . Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Once you have defined the plane.

Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. For each of them. the application specifies the length of your pad. 3. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Just click the More button and define the second limit. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. If you wish to define another length for this direction. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators.3. By default. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. You will notice that by default.3. Up to Plane.Up to Last. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next .2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. 28 . Up to Surface. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. if you extrude a profile. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.3.

3. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. if you extrude a profile. Select the profile to be extruded. up to surface. The specification tree indicates this creation.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Click OK to create the pocket. up to plane. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. Alternatively. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards.3. 3. Click the Pocket icon . To specify another direction. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. By default. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. set the Type parameter to Dimension. using different length values.3. Double-click Pocket to edit it. Note 29 .3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. up to last. Optionally click Preview to see the result. To define a specific depth. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads.

The method described here is also valid for pockets. Alternatively. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material.3. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. you do not have to select the axis. You need an open or closed profile. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. Enter Thickness2 's value. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. If needed. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. 3. Click the Shaft icon . and click Preview to see the result. Enter Thickness1 's value. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Once you have done your modifications. 3. For the purposes of our scenario. and click Preview to see the result. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles.3. The profile is previewed in dotted line. select LIM1 or 30 . Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Select the open profile. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. pockets and stiffeners. For each of them. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. Consequently.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result.

3. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. Click OK to confirm the 31 . You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. Select the profile. Click the Groove icon . You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. If needed. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. This task shows you how to create a groove. Consequently. 3. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. The shaft is created. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree mentions it has been created. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. For the purposes of our scenario. Click OK to confirm. you do not have to select the axis. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. Click Preview to see the result.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice.

3. you need a center curve. but you can use standard values. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.operation.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. you can enter the values of your choice. To define a rib. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . This is your groove: Click OK to confirm.3. To define a thread.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material.3. By default. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. 3. 3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole.3. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.

The rib is created. To create Rib. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. It should be a closed profile. New options are then available. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. it can be discontinuous in tangency.element or a pulling direction. The specification tree mentions this creation.3. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. To define this direction. The application now previews the rib to be created. Select the profile you wish to sweep. Click the Rib icon . It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. 3.2. Click OK.11 Slot 33 . you can select a plane or an edge. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction.

To define a slot. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Click the Slot icon .This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. Tangency. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Click OK to create the volume. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material.3. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. You can note that by default. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Tangency then curvature.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Pulling direction. a planar profile. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Reference surface. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. Select the three section curves. 34 . The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. the application computes a spine. Vertices. you need a center curve. Click the Loft icon . The feature (identified as Loft. By default. The resulting feature is a closed volume. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. Select the profile. 3. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. They are highlighted in the geometry area. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. It is closed.

3. Click the Remove Loft icon . the application computes a spine. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. The Two creation modes are available: 35 .13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. Select required sections & guide curves if needed.xxx) is added to the specification tree.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. 3. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. Select the profile to be extruded. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.3. . You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. By default. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. If you need to use an open profile.3. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. The feature (identified as Loft.

36 . Check the Neutral Fiber option. Conversely. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. If you set the Tangency mode. The specification tree indicates it has been created.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. When filleting an edge.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. Optionally click Preview to see the result. The stiffener is created. Click the Edge Fillet icon . you can then trim the fillets to be created. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Tangency. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. Select the edges. Click OK. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. CATIA displays the radius value. depending on the radius value you specified. 3.4.

Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Instead of entering a radius value. The fillet will be tangent to this face.4. Click OK. 3. Depending on the curve's shape.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.4. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. the application chamfers its edges. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. Click OK. Select the face to be removed. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Select the faces to be filleted. 3. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected.4. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. 3. Click OK. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable.3. The faces are filleted. Select the faces to be filleted.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle.5 Basic Draft 37 .4. The specification tree indicates this creation.

Click OK. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. 3.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. This element will remain the same during the draft. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.4. If Keep Parting =Neutral. Parting element: this plane. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie.

indicating the default pulling direction. To edit the other angle value.4. Click OK to confirm. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. 3. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry.4. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . The Shell Definition dialog box appears. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. click the Points field.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Select face as the neutral element. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. Select the face to be removed.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . You can add as many points as you wish. To add a point on the edge. The feature is shelled. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink.4. 3. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Select the face to be drafted. The selected face becomes purple. 3. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. Enter the Default inside thickness field. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Select the face. Click OK.9 Thickness 39 . The reflect line is moved accordingly. Click the Shell icon .

Select the upper face as the limit face. 3.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Translate icon . Click the Thread/Tap icon . There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Click OK to confirm. This task shows you how to translate a body. You can also specify the direction by means of X. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. This creation appears in the specification tree. Y. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. The part is thickened accordingly. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. Click OK to create the translated element. The application previews the thread. Enter the thread depth. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Select the faces to thicken.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Limit faces must be planar.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Click OK. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. pitch value. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. The element (identified as Translate. 40 . The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. 3. Enter a positive value. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread.4. Check the Left-Threaded option. Click Preview.5. but the thread (identified as Thread.You can add or remove thickness to parts.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Click the Thickness icon . Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.

The element is rotated.5. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. Click the Symmetry icon . The application previews the material to be created. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.5.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. The command applies to current bodies. The specification tree mentions this creation. The new element (identified as Symmetry. Select a point.3. Click the Rotate icon . The pads are mirrored.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The element (identified as Rotate.5. 3. line or plane as reference element. Click the Mirror icon . 3. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the rotated element.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. 3.5. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to confirm the operation. Enter a value for the rotation angle. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Select an edge as the rotation axis.

Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Angular spacing & total angle. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. circular and user patterns. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Click OK. Instances & Spacing. Now. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Select the feature you wish to copy. Patterns let you do so. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. These features accelerate the creation process. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Instances & angular spacing. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. If needed. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction.5. An arrow is displayed on the pad. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. The feature "RectPattern. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern.This is the resulting pattern. Defining the spacing along the grid. Spacing & Length. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. complete crown. 42 . Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. These parameters are: Instances & total angle.

Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. Click OK. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Click OK. This axis will be normal to the face. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad.6 Measuring 3. These points are created in the Sketch. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview.5.5. Click OK. 3. The specification tree indicates this creation. Select the body to be scaled. To define a direction. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. To do so. 3.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Click the Scaling icon .6. The pad will be repeated seven times. 3. Click the User Pattern icon . The body is scaled. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. One more ring of pads will be added. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Select the reference point located on the body. click the Crown Definition tab. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. you are going to add a crown to your part. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. you can select an edge or a planar face. Click Preview. The feature appears in the Object field. Now. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 .

Click to select another surface. Click to select a surface. surfaces. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. edges. vertices and entire products) or between points.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. icon in the Definition box.).6. surfaces and entire products). Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. or an entire product (selection 1). By default. edges. Click the Measure Item icon. The Measure Between dialog box appears. edge or vertex.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. Switch to Design Mode. 3. 3.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. If exact values cannot be measured. edges. This command lets you choose the selection mode. etc. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. The Measure Item dialog box appears. or an entire product (selection 2).6. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Click the Measure Between icon. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. edge or vertex.

3. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. indicating the splitting element. Click the Split icon . The area. In addition to the center of gravity G. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK. geometry or assembly.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. density. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Material has been removed. you can click it to reverse the direction.7. density and mass of the selected item. you must select the desired sub-product. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. 45 . You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The measure is made on the selection. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. the dialog box also gives the area.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object.7 Surface-Based Features 3. volume (volumes only). Click the Measure Inertia icon. Select the splitting surface. face or surface. The body is split.

3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The surface is closed . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. that is the extrude element. Select the object you wish to thicken. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The surface is thickened. Click the Close Surface icon . Click OK. 46 .INITIAL 3.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction.7. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. If you need to reverse the arrow. Click OK. Click the Thick Surface icon . INITIAL 3. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. just click it.7. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Select the surface to be closed. In the geometry area.

Click the Sew Surface icon . Click OK. INITIAL FINAL 47 . You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. Click the arrow to reverse the direction.7. The surface is sewn onto the body. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. indicating the object to be sewn. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Some material has been removed.INITIAL FINAL 3. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.

You will notice that Part Body and Body. Click the Insert Body icon. During the operation. This is your new Part Body. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. Intersecting Bodies.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. The result is immediate. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. It is underlined. 3. indicating that it is the active body. To assemble them. Trimming Bodies. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one.x are autonomous.8. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Now. material has been added. When your part includes several bodies. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. if you wish to combine them. Assembling Bodies.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Removing Bodies. 3.x" in the specification tree. It allows you to create complex geometry. INITIAL 48 .3. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. Click OK to confirm. By default. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body.8.

Adding a body to another one means uniting them.FINAL 3. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .8.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. By default. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. Click the Add icon .

1 has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 50 .Part Body. Click OK. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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containing three categories of options: External References. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. 4. you just need to use the Isolate command... then Display tab. The General tab appears. Click the Infrastructure category.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. When creating a geometric element. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. which means that if they are shared by other features. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. External References. Geometry. 3. you often need to select other elements as inputs.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. When selecting a sketch as 54 . Select the Tools -> Options command.. Delete Operation . Update. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. The tab appears.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area.. Select the Tools -> Options.This task shows you how to set general settings. The Options dialog box is displayed. they will not be deleted. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically.9. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. and Delete Operation. and their origins when you are editing these elements.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. command Click the Infrastructure category. Update. copied elements for example.

4. 4. in only one operation. Select a curve or a Point on curve. some restrictions apply. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). If you check the with end points option. depending on the feature you are creating.the input element. The Planes Between dialog box appears. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Click OK to create the planes.3 Creating Polylines 55 . 4. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Click the Planes Repetition icon .

The circle (identified as Circle. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Click the Circle icon . Click the Polyline icon .This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Three points.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Enter all input as specified. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon.Tritangent. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Bitangent and point . The Circle Definition dialog box appears. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Bitangent and radius . Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Two points and radius. 56 . Center and point. Enter a Radius value.

It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.4. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. You can select the Geometry on support check box. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. and select a support. Remove the selected point. Click the Spline icon . Replace the selected point by another point. Add a point before the selected point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. 57 .5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves.

as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Orientation. Click OK to create the helix. Taper Angle. Height. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Select two curves as reference element. The helical curve (identified as Helix.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. 58 . The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Enter a Radius value. Select a starting point and an axis. such as coils and springs for example. Click OK to create the corner. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. Several solutions may be possible. Starting Angle. The corner will be created between these two references. Click the Corner icon . 4. Click the Helix icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. The reference elements must lie on this support. Profile. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry.4. Select the Support surface.

when the spiral is defined by an angle. 4.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Specify the Start radius value. Tangency or Curvature. that is a in 2D plane. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.4. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Click the Connect Curve icon . at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Click OK to create the connect curve. along the Reference direction. that is the distance from the Center point. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Spiral icon .9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears.Define the spiral's Orientation.

that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points.4. 60 . 4. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Click OK to create the projection element. Click the Conic icon . The Projection Definition dialog box appears. hyperbolas or ellipses. passing points or tangents. You can select several elements to be projected. Click the Projection icon . Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The projection may be normal or along a direction. The projection is added to the specification tree.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. Select the element to be projected. Select the Support element. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas.

The intersection is displayed. Click OK to create the intersection element. etc. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. A Face.Fill in the conic curve parameters. lines. Select the two elements to be intersected. Click the Intersection icon . A Contour. Point.) 4. This element (identified as Intersect. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. 61 . Avoid using input elements.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone.xxx) is added to the specification tree. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points.

1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not.13. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Geometry with no history is called a datum. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion.4. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. Click the Extrude icon . 62 . Click OK to create the surface. 4. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. lofting and sweeping.

The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis.13. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. Click the Revolve icon . Click OK to create the surface.4. and angular limits.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.13. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. 4. The spherical surface is based on a center point.

13. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. 4. Click OK to create the surface. Click OK to create the surfaces. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Click the Offset icon . 4.13. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Select the surface to be offset.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. along 64 .dialog box is displayed.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Click Apply to preview the surface. Select the center point of the sphere. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. one on each side of the reference surface. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.

Click the Circle icon. In the Smooth sweeping section. Click the Sweep icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Line profile icon. If needed. If needed. If no spine is selected. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. Select a Guide curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. you can select a reference Surface. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. 65 . With tangency surface. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. With reference surface. Click the Sweep icon . The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. Click the Sweep icon . select a Spine. then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click OK to create the swept surface. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. The five possible cases are Two limits.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. select a Second Guide. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. Click the Explicit profile icon. Limit and middle. With reference curve. The surface (identified as Sweep. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. With draft direction. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button.

13. 4. and enter a radius value. Click OK to create the swept surface. such as parabolas. Click the Fill icon . Three guides. the results may be inconsistent.xxx) is added to the specification tree. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Sweep icon . If 66 . Click OK to create the fill surface. 4. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. The surface (identified as Sweep. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Four guides. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. If not. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Five guides. Replace the selected element by another curve.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. Select one or two section curves. Click the Conic icon. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. The surface (identified as Sweep. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. Select guide curves. hyperbolas or ellipses. Remove the selected element.13. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Two guides.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Loft icon . Select a passing point. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears.

The surface (identified as Blend. None. You can select several cutting elements. and so forth. End extremity. then the second curve and its support. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. A preview of the split appears. Select the cutting element. on both. 4. only on the End section. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. 4. Several coupling types are available. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. 67 . Click OK to create the lofted surface. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. In the Spine tab page. such as tension.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. continuity.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. The Blend Definition dialog box appears.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Click the Blend icon .14. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Click the Split icon . Tangency. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. Click OK. Start extremity. Vertices.needed. select one or more guide curves. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Select the element to be split. 4. or on none. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. Successively select the first curve and its support. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. translating and rotating.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Tangency then curvature. taking a number of constraints into account.13. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. In that case.

Click the Trim icon . Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to split the element. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.14.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.xxx element in the specification tree. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. 68 . In that case it appears as a separate Split. A preview of the trimmed element appears. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. 4.

3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. a point on the curve for example. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements.14. solids.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. and so forth. 4. Click OK to create the boundary curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree.14.).4. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to extract the element. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. Click the Extract icon . You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. Select a Surface edge. 69 . Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. points. The extracted element (identified as Extract. No propagation. Click the Boundary icon . The selected element is highlighted. without deleting the initial element. or Tangent continuity. Select an edge or the face of an element.

Click OK to create the scaled element. 4. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. 4. point. line or plane as reference element.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. 4. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. Click the Symmetry icon . The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Click the Translate icon . Click OK. Select the Vector Definition. Select the element to be rotated. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Click the Affinity icon . Click the Rotate icon . 4. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. plane or planar surface. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click OK to create the rotated element. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Select the scaling reference point.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.14. Select a point. line or surface element.4. The element (identified as Translate .14. Select a line as the rotation axis.14. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be translated.14. Click the Scaling icon . Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. or more. Click OK to create the translated element.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by scaling.14.xxx) is added to the specification tree.

Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Select a surface Boundary. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Z values. Sub-Elements To Remove. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X.14. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature.operation. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Merging distance. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Angle Tolerance. 71 . Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Click OK to create the affinity element. 4. Ignore erroneous elements.14. 4. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Other options available are Simplify the result. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Click the Join icon. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Click the Extrapolate icon . Y. federation. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface.

4. Select the surfaces to be healed. You can also set the Distance objective. The Healing Definition dialog box appears.14. Select the surface which limits should be restored. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. and selecting one or more edges. while the surface is restored.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. Provided the Tangent mode is active. by clicking the Sharpness tab. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon.14. Click OK in the dialog box.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. 4. The surface (identified as Heal. Click the Healing icon. you can retain sharp edges. Select the surface which limits should be restored. From the Parameters tab. A progression bar is displayed. 72 . that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. The Untrim dialog box is displayed.

CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. that can be manipulated independently. and type of discontinuity (point. To update the part. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. A progression bar indicates the . in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. Click OK in the dialog box. manual update. To warn you that an update is needed. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. A progression bar is displayed. To update a part. A resulting element can be made of several cells. Click the Curve Smooth icon . the application provides two update modes: automatic update. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account.14. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. 73 . These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. fill the gaps. click the Update icon evolution of the operation.e. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area).4. Select the element to be disassembled. while the surface is being disassembled.14. Select the curve to be smoothed. The selected element is disassembled. i. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. that is to say independent elements are created. 4.

The axis system displayed in the specification tree. inserting open body entities. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . CATIA displays this new Open_body. The result is immediate. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command.4. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. It is underlined.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. 4. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. This involves. In the specification tree. select the branch of your choice. indicating that it is the active open body. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. removing open body entities and changing body. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. in the specification tree. The Change Body dialog box appears.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body.x. 4.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally.

Set the correct options: Max.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . a surface.command. if it was visible. edges or faces). Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. Click the Extremum icon . 5. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. The point (identified as Extremum. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. or becomes visible. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK. when combined with other products such as Part Design.xxx) is added to the specification tree. or a pad. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. 5. 5. The open body or it’s content is hidden. Select a curve. according to given directions. Min. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. if it was hidden. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve.

Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. 5. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. 76 . You can also select a start point. Depending on the selected computation type. Max angle. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. lofted.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. The spine is displayed. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. the results can be: Min radius. or filleted surfaces. Max radius. Successively select planes. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Click OK. Click OK to create the extremum point. Click OK to create the spine. Min angle. is added to the specification tree. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create a spine. on a planar contour. a point in this case. Click Preview.xxx). Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Click the Polar Extremum icon . Click Preview. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.

Select the reference Curve to be offset. Successively select the two curves to be combined. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.5. Key in an angle.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Click the Reflect Lines icon . that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Click the Parallel Curve icon . select the support surface and a direction. The combine (identified as Combine. The Combine Definition dialog box appears.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. whether closed or open. Click the Combine icon . Click OK to create the element. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 5.

Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. Select points on guide to add other sections. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. The General tab displays. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve.5. Click OK to create the swept surface. 5. Select the Guiding curve. Select the Tools -> Options command.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. 6. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. The Options dialog box is displayed. When designing the profile to be swept.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. The Reference surface is optional. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. Assembly Design 78 . The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Click Preview to preview the swept surface.

The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. The Product2 (Product2. 6. Those products can in turn be used to create other products.2.2 Inserting a Components 6. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.3 Inserting a New Part icon. The structure of your assembly now 79 . In the specification tree. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. 6. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. 6.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly.1) is created in the .1). 6.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. you need products.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. The Assembly Design workbench is opened.2. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.2. In the specification tree. You can use parts to create products.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. To create an assembly. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.

This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Click OK to create the components. check x-axis. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. Select the component you wish to instantiate. If geometry exists in the assembly. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. select Product1 and click the New Part icon .3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. 6. To define the direction of creation. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. 6. The operation is very simple.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. In the specification tree. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The result is immediate. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. you should keep in mind the 80 . on another component for example. Select the component you wish to instantiate. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. The application previews the location of the new components. 6. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . However.

coaxiality or coplanarity. The components involved and their status are indicated. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. you may obtain concentricity. Select the second face to be constrained.5. The selected component is orange framed (default color). The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Click the Contact Constraint icon . Select the face to be constrained.5.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . Select the faces to be constrained. opposite.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Depending on the selected elements. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Green graphic symbols are 81 . Same. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Double-clicking activates it.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. 6. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. indicating orientations. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. As the contact constraint is created. 6. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution).

The constraint is created. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly.5. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. This operation is referred to as "Fix". This constraint is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the offset constraint. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". 6.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. Click the Offset Constraint icon . click More to expand the dialog box. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). Keep the Angle option.5. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Click the Angle Constraint icon . The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. that is the light blue . The components involved and their status are indicated. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees).displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. 82 .3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. 6. Click OK to create the angle component. Select the faces to be constrained.5. In the dialog box that appears. 6. you will have to define an angle value. which means setting an absolute position. When setting an angle constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Select the component to be fixed. which means setting a relative position. By fixing its position according to other components. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation.

6. Select the two entities to be constrained. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. The Change Type dialog box that appears. The Fix Together dialog box appears. In the Name field. Offset. The components are attached to each other. Click OK to confirm. You can select any constraints. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. 83 . Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. not necessarily in the active component. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Move the fixed component. 6. You can select as many components as you wish.5. displays all possible constraints. Click the Change Constraint icon . Moving one of them moves the other one too. Coincidence. Angle and Parallelism.5.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. Click OK. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Click OK to validate the operation.5. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. displaying the list of selected components. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Click the Fix Together icon .8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. 6. Select the constraint to be changed. The first constraint in the list can now be set. Select the new type of constraint. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. but they must belong to the active component. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon .

6. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want.5. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. indicating they need an update. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. The default color is black. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Click the Update icon whole assembly. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. create a new instance. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. 84 .6. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. Using no associativity: the option is off.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . Select the Tools -> Options command. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. The constraints are in black. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. 6. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. The constraint is deactivated. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. To do so. cut & paste the original component. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. Select any activated constraint. The assembly is updated.

Click OK to repeat the second component. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse.8. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. you will obtain different results. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. Depending on the selected elements. 6. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. You can move your component along the x.xx" is displayed in the tree. y or z-axis. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. You can rotate your component around the x.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. 6. yz and xz planes. 85 .8 Moving Components 6. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.8. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command.1" is displayed below this entity. The third row is reserved for rotations. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. If you use the option "generated constraints".

The line is projected onto the plane. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The point is projected onto the plane. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. Both lines become collinear. 6. Optionally. The point is projected onto the line. showing the generated section. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. 6.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. reference plane or cylinder axis). This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. move and rotate the section plane. Click the Sectioning icon. The section plane is automatically created. edge. Z. A Preview window.8. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. The plane passes through the line. invert the normal vector of the plane. 86 . also appears. it creates constraints.

If the arrows point in the wrong direction.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. double-click 'Assembly Split. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. graphical attributes. Add. click them to reverse the direction. which in turn must contain one part at least. Click OK to confirm. the graphical attributes of the components. Pocket. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". Remove. 6. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Perform a Symmetry. Perform the required modifications. Click the Create Scene icon . keep in mind the following. Within a scene. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. To edit an assembly split. Click Ok to end the scene creation. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. For instance modify: viewpoint. 6. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit.X' in assembly features available in history tree.10. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint.6. show-no show. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . Hole. The active product at least must include two components. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window.

Between two selections. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Inside one selection. if necessary. 3D is the default type. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. 6. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Click Apply to check for interferences. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window.they were in the initial product. Set the explode type. Click the Explode icon .12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. 6. Click Apply to perform the operation. 88 . Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. keep the selection as it is. Keep All levels set by default. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Selection against all.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Keep it.

. Select Tools -> Options.14.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Access to geometry. 89 .6.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. The General tab appears. Click the Infrastructure category. The General tab appears.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. displaying the following options: Update. containing three categories of options: External References. Constraint Creation. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. Move components..14. Click the Mechanical Design category. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Click the Mechanical Design category.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. then the Assembly Design subcategory.14. 6. command. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Quick Constraint. Update and Delete Operation 6.

Select the Drafting workbench. 7. You may also add. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. Select the 90 . 7. . from the menu bar. as well as information on the drawing standards.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part.. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.7.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New.. Click OK. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. interactive or generated views.

and then click OK. From the New Drawing dialog box. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. Select the 1:1 scale. or the A0 ISO format. and click OK. The new sheet automatically appears. until you click at the desired view location. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. The non-active views are framed in blue. Select the orientation type. 7. 7. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. select the ISO standard. the sheets newly created will keep the same name.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. the view to be created is framed in green. When you create a view. Even though you then delete sheet1. 91 .Drawing workbench. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. The active view is framed in red. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). If you click this view.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time.

Right-click the frame of the view. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. is detected. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. a previewed projection 92 . Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. Click the Drawing window. As you move the cursor. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). You can update all views or a selection of views. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Click on sheet to place front view. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. You can perform an update.Start creating the front view. 7.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Blue arrows appear. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. respectively. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. Any modification applied to the specifications. relatively to the front view previously generated.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). Select object. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. 7. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side.

8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. at any time. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Click the Drawing window. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). 7. you can. 93 . The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. completely describes the object. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. for example the right view position. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. This auxiliary view. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Click to position the auxiliary view. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Click to position the callout. use Undo or Redo icons. In sectioning through irregular objects. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Click an edge on the view. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. 7. together with the top view. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case.

7. you will select the Clipping 94 . Or. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Click the Drawing window. 7. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features.7. You can modify this scale. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. Click to generate the detail view. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Click to generate the view.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Click the Drawing window. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . In this particular case. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Click the Drawing window. Click the callout center. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. the dialog is exactly the same. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar).11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. and click the Aligned Section Cut . Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile.

12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. the left. translate the profile. 7.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). A breakout view is often a partial section. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. Click the Drawing window. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. If needed. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. as well as blue manipulators appear. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar).Profile View icon . Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. 7. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. Click on the sheet. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Red zones appear. Click the first point of the breakout profile. 7. Click the 3D part. Click the Drawing window. the top. Double-click to end 95 . A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. the right. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created.

Click next add any other view if required.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view.18 Scaling a View 96 . Once you are satisfied. Select the CATPart document.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). From the contextual menu. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. 7. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. 7. 7. Click to position the left view. Bottom view. views are by default linked to the parent view.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. the Top view. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Left view and Right view). Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. At creation. 7. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. select Selected objects -> isolate.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Click the Drawing window. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. and right-click them. or all views in the drawing.

If needed. The detail view is updated. right-click the detail view. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. 7. Before positioning the Bill of Material. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. For modifying the detail and section callout.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. 97 . Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. Click OK. section views and section cuts. This Bill of Material. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. if you are in the background view. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. or parts list. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon .21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. This view is now active. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. go to Product Structure workbench. In this case. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. 7. you can pre-define the position. Balloons generated 7. double-click the front view. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. In this particular case. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar.

reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Double-click the callout to be modified. 2. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. only sketched constraints are generated. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. For example. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. 3. radius. distance. Then click OK in this Pattern table. On the view for which the dimension are generated. Right-click the pattern to be modified. diameter Angle. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. 7. 7. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. the section view is automatically updated. distance The dimensions below: 98 .23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. 4. On the view with a bigger scale. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. On views including more dimensions. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern.

23.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. there is only one) is automatically displayed. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Dimensions 99 . by default. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). In the case of drawings with several views. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters.23. radius and diameter. dimensions are generated on all the views. to start the dimension generation.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. angle. 7. length. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views.

This task will show you how to create a datum feature. not generated. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. If you select a point in the free space. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. The geometrical tolerance is created. the anchor point will be a small balloon.Click the Not Generated option . 7. no leader will be created. 100 .24 Creating a Datum Feature . Select an element (geometry. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). on the contrary. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). If you select an element. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). The datum feature is created. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Click OK. Enter the desired character string. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). the anchor point will be an arrow. Click OK when you're done. dimension. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. If you select a dimension or a text. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. if needed. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance.

Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.7.26. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. justification. 101 . Click in the free space to define a location for the text. 7. and select Text Properties.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. etc. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end).26. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. Choose View -> Toolbars. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar.26 Annotations 7. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. dimension text. balloon and datum target. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. Set the properties of a text. size. If needed. A red frame appears. Text properties can be applied to text. text with leader. such as font style.

Enter values in the desired field(s). 7. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product.26. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Click OK. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Click OK. 7. For example. Ra=1. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). On this CATProduct document. You can enter another string or value as needed. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar).3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon.26. Open any CATProduct document.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product.6.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Select an element. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol.26. 102 . the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. If needed.7. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Go over one of the part with your cursor.

Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. merges cells. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Click OK.26. If needed. switch lines and columns. you can add text. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location.7.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. 7. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. Click the icon to launch the command. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.26. modify the geometry-welding symbol. rows.26.27 Editing Properties 103 . invert lines. If needed. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). invert columns. and insert a view in a table.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. and insert views. import a table. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. and then click to validate. The welding symbol is created. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. insert columns. You can also split a table. 7. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. Click ok to validate the creation. In this table. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. The welding leader will appear. 7. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click OK. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. Select the two elements.

You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. edit annotation font properties. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Scale: the scale of the view. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. 3D Points. Among other things. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . if needed. Axis. Lines and Curves option. Dress up: Hidden lines. no more modification allowed in the view. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Right-click on the front view and select properties. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Lock view: if you check this option. Click the Graphic Tab. 3D Colors. if needed. Fillets. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Thread. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. 3D spec. 3D Wireframe. you can create a formula for the view name. dress-up elements. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Choose your options. Choose the View tab. Center line. Click OK.

or leader). if needed. The associated panel is displayed. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. if needed. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields.then select the Edit-> Properties command. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. 105 . d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. Modify the available options. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. Grid: To define your grid. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. frame. Modify the available options. In other words. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. edit dimension text properties. The Options dialog box appears. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. edit dimension value properties. 7. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Select the Tools->Options command. click the Font tab. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab.

Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . View axis: When you activate a view. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). As a result. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. In addition. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. following it dynamically during the creation process. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Select the Dimension tab in Options. To activate this mode. the dimension is automatically re-computed. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. when you update the drawing.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor.

Generate threads. end points included. Project 3D points. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. perpendicularity and tangency. Hidden lines. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Horizontality and verticality. Project 3D wireframe. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Properties option. either or not using SmartPick. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. then the balloon will be generated twice. 107 . or still adding constraints to this geometry. Filters before generation. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Automatic positioning after generation. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Generate fillet. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. 3D colors inheritance. View tab): Generate axis. Apply 3D specification. if a component is used two times within a product. Select the Geometry tab. Alignment. Parallelism. Allow automatic transfer between views. and more and more relationships with existing elements. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Select the Generation tab. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Generate centerlines. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Analysis after generation.

Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. scaling factor or frame to appear. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. For this before callout creation check this option. Constraint diagnostics. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. It is not used for creating solid primitives. This element is used as positioning reference. the sketch. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. As a result. Select the Layout tab. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. and only visualized by.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. you can define that you want or not the view name. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. f)Annotations 108 . Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. the following dialog box appears. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view.

109 . You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Press OK. press the shift key. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). 7. Make sure the specification tree actually appears.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. In this particular case. Press OK. as you will choose to load the referenced document. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. command. It is now possible to customize the settings. no matter what the view scale is. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. Select the Annotation tab. Select the Edit->Links command.You can customize given options when creating annotations. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document.. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. or both. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. Activate the settings. according to the orientation. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader.. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations.

Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. True Length Dimension 8.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Create Constraints. To modify these colors.2 Creating Views 110 . Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. Snap to Point. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. View.8. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Force Dimension on Element. 8. Create Detected Constraints. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. if needed.

The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. For example. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. modified in this dialog box. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Right-click the view used as reference. Press OK. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. For this.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. A blue axis displays in a red frame. In other words. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. dimensions. Click the Drawing window. This is true for any kind of view. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . an isometric view or an auxiliary view). a left view and a right view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. double-click on this isometric view. Click the New View icon .3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. a bottom view. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. Press OK. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. 8. In this case. 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. From an active front view. by double-clicking on this view. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. you can create: a top view. In other words. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option.

if needed. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. in another view. using the ObjectAction mode. Add elements to an existing view. ellipse. select a circle in the top view. At any time. hyperbola. 112 . select an arc of a circle in the front view. using the Action-Object mode. using the Action-Object mode. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. You will first add elements to an existing view. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. curve). you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. and then transformed into the receiving view. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. the object to be projected. 8. In this case. In this case. parabola.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. Select. Select more elements to be projected.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. circle.

113 . Select the object defining the view to be created.Create an isometric view from scratch. using the Object-Action mode. select the whole front view. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. In this case. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. Make the isometric view active (double-click).

a mode: measured or constraining mode. If you want constraints to be created. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. The frame can only be rectangular. clipping views.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example.6 Reframing a View In this task. choose Properties. a configuration. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. In the contextual menu. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. Click OK. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. details views. etc. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . You can reframe any type of view: front views. Select the view and right-click the view frame.8. a distance constraint. Click on the frame to select it. isometric views. Click the View tab. as you want. In the Visualization and Behavior area. 8. select the Visual Clipping check box.

A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. If you choose this constraint. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . you will learn how to create dimensions. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. click a second element in the view. 8. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. you can preview the dimensions to be created. When creating dimensions on elements. click in the drawing.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. but not between a mix of these. these relations will be taken into account. 8. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. Click a first element in the view. you can only create constraints between similar elements. 8. On the Dimensioning toolbar. or between generated elements. click the Dimensions icon. In other words. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. If needed. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. In other words. The software proposes you parallelism by default. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears.

Select the dimension. you can also access the Properties options.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular).toolbar).e. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. i. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. Click to validate the dimension creation. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. Red end points appear. Select the reference line. Select a circle. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. 8. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. 8. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. click the centerline. 116 . You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. and then the second element. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed.

Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. dotting or coloring). The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. The thread is created. from the (Tools toolbar). In the Graphic Properties toolbar. part-sketched. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. The Tap type option activated by default. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. Select the Thread type option from the Dress .c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). In this particular case. . The axes and centerlines are created. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. Click the Drawing window. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. generated elements. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. you will apply a thread to a hole. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. The axis line is created. The thread is created according to this reference. Select two lines. part-generated elements. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. Select the Reference Thread type option line. Click the Drawing window. In the Pattern dialog box. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line.

The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. which represents the fillet edge. The Area Detection dialog box appears. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Select Add a Breakpoint. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. The arrow is created. To modify the position of the arrow. The arrow and the selected object are associative. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. 118 . To add a breakpoint to the arrow. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). For the purpose of this exercise. under the line. A contextual menu appears. Click the Drawing window. you can drag it to change the arrow path. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar.

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