INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

and costs are generally lower. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. cost. not just that of exterior. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. and flexibility.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. 1. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. Moreover. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. and are less expensive.Generally. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. For that we need level three: SM systems.

1. SM systems are now being used to design power plants.4 LAYOUTS. 1. so mass properties (volume. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. In this way. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. surface area. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. rather than a part of engineering. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. centre of gravity.systems to handle architectural problems.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. to be sure. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. or on the surface of the object in question. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. DESIGN. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. weight. 1. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. 8 . By its nature. outside. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves.

and then select Edit. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. or select a planar surface. 2. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. To do this from the 3D. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. it remains a challenge.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. automation of process planning is also impossible. Once created. but one that can be surmounted. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems.1. With solid. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). you can set constraints between geometrical elements. Without solids. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. This enables you to create a positioned sketch.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. 9 .e. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. if you need for more complex sketches 2.

and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained).3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. i. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon .2. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. . Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. Construction elements 10 . two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. in which you specify the reference plane. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. 2. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. Snap to Point If activated. on some occasions.e.

11 .aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. 2. and only visualized by. graphically speaking. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. uses edges. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). These elements are used as positioning references.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. These elements cannot be modified. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. the sketch. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. As a result. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element.

at the midpoint of a line. at the extremity point of a curve. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point.6. on a point. at the intersection point of two curves. any of the above cases possibly combined together. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. . you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. whenever possible. SmartPick will return information via symbols. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements.6 Creating Constraints 2. all over a curve. The constraints are in priority dimensional. Using SmartPick. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). using coordinates. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. According to the various active options. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. the 2. two or three elements.

Horizontal. For editing. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. Fix. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Once the profile is fully constrained. 13 .6. coincidence and tangency. Coincidence. Parallelism or Perpendicular). Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint.6. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. 2. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Select a first element. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Angle. they are checked in the dialog box. You can either select the geometry or the command first. This constraint can be created between either two elements. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). by default. 2. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Select a second element.constraints and to position this constraint as desired.6. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. If constraints already exist. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. 2. Select the profile to be constrained. the application displays it in green.

7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. 14 . Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Click to create the oriented rectangle. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.2. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar.

You are going to define the (i) circle center. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. Click to create the parallelogram.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile.

The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. By default.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. m) Creating an Arc 16 . The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). Click three elements. circle centers appear on the sketch. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates.

middle.start. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). and then the hyperbola two extremity points. b) Through three points . Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. c) Through three points –start. There are three possibilities. center and apex. a) The arc center point. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. end. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. To create a hyperbola click the focus. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. end. middle. Double-click to end the spline. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). s) Creating a Conic 17 . To create a Parabola click the focus. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. start point and end point. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola.It shows how to create an arc. Clicking another command ends the spline too.

Click two points on the two existing lines. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). one after the other. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. To edit. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. if needed. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). a parabola or a hyperbola. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Click the line first point (first point).This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. x) Creating an Axis 18 . Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. As a result. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. in accordance with both points previously clicked. a circle.

Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.This task shows how to create an axis. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Select a second line (or an axis). y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. In this task. 2. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Select a first line (or an axis). The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. of course you can create this point manually. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates.

Length1/Angle. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the two lines. Create two intersecting lines. Select the first line. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. the first or none of the elements. You can create rounded corners between curves. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Select the two lines. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Trim All / First / No element. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). The Trim All option is the command activated by default. . Length1/Length2. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Select the two curves. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. The second line is also highlighted. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed.

Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. The complementary arc appears for selected arc.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. The arc will now be closed. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). For example. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Select one or more elements to be relimited. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). and Break. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. a three point arc. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the line to be broken. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Create a three points arc. a construction line or an axis. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. The line is now composed of two movable segments. 21 from the Sketch tools . Rubber out. These options are Rubber In. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar).

multi-select the entire profile. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Select the geometry to be rotated.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. De-activate the Duplicate mode. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Select or click a point to define an angle. Multi-selection is not available. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. Select the element(s) to be translated. Here. In other words. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Enter the number of copies you need. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. enter a precise value for the translation length. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click the rotation center point. The duplicate mode is activated by default. if needed. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry.

14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. The line to be created appears. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. The intersection is yellow. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. The selected line is duplicated. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). by creating several offset instances. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). These projections are yellow. These 23 .This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. Select the face of interest. arc or circle. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. select it. Select the surface. If the line is not already selected. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. There are two possibilities. Both lines are parallel. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. the line to be created appears immediately. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected.

2. The Options dialog box appears. Primary spacing. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Graduations. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. 2.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. and then click Sketcher. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. in the Tools toolbar. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. In other words. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. You can now sketch the required profile. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. Position sketch plane parallel to screen.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. 2. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. Expand the Mechanical Design option. It indicates the overall 24 . The Sketcher tab appears.

Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. b) the geometry area. This application. The New dialog box is displayed. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. To open it. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. 25 . which is fully integrated into Part Design. 3. offers a highly productive. allowing you to choose the type of document you need.3. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. c) specific toolbars. Actually. from simple to advance. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar.

2. . Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction.2. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. 26 . The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. Y. ellipse. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. 3.3. Between: Creating point between two other points. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. 3. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines.

Click the Plane icon . Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Rib. Once you have defined the plane. and Remove Loft. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Loft. Slot. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. In this section. Groove.2. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Shaft. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. 27 .Regardless of the line type. Some operations consist in adding material. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Pocket. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. it is represented by a red square symbol. 3. others in removing material.

3.Up to Last.3. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Up to Surface. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. Just click the More button and define the second limit.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. By default. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. the application specifies the length of your pad. You will notice that by default.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. For each of them. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3. 28 . Up to Plane. if you extrude a profile. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next .3. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. If you wish to define another length for this direction.

By default. 3. up to last. Click the Pocket icon . To define a specific depth.3. up to surface. To specify another direction. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Alternatively. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. up to plane. Select the profile to be extruded. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next.3.3. Double-click Pocket to edit it. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . using different length values. set the Type parameter to Dimension. if you extrude a profile. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. The specification tree indicates this creation. Note 29 . Click OK to create the pocket. Optionally click Preview to see the result.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this.

3. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Enter Thickness2 's value. Enter Thickness1 's value. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. For each of them. The method described here is also valid for pockets.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. you do not have to select the axis.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. Once you have done your modifications. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. If needed. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. You need an open or closed profile.3. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. 3. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. select LIM1 or 30 . The profile is previewed in dotted line. pockets and stiffeners. For the purposes of our scenario. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. and click Preview to see the result.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Alternatively. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". and click Preview to see the result.3. Click the Shaft icon . Select the open profile. Consequently.

you do not have to select the axis.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features.3. For the purposes of our scenario. Click OK to confirm. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. Click OK to confirm the 31 . The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. Select the profile. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. 3. This task shows you how to create a groove. Click the Groove icon . Consequently. The shaft is created. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. If needed. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). Click Preview to see the result. The specification tree mentions it has been created. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.

By default.3. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. CATIA removes material around the cylinder.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material.operation.3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. 3. but you can use standard values. 3. you can enter the values of your choice. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. To define a rib. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created.3. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. To define a thread. you need a center curve. 3. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.

It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. The specification tree mentions this creation. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. Select the profile you wish to sweep. To create Rib. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. It should be a closed profile. The rib is created. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. Click OK. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. it can be discontinuous in tangency. The application now previews the rib to be created. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. New options are then available.element or a pulling direction. To define this direction. you can select a plane or an edge.2.3.11 Slot 33 . 3. Click the Rib icon .

you need a center curve. Click the Slot icon . you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Click OK to create the volume. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. It is closed. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. You can note that by default. The resulting feature is a closed volume. By default. To define a slot. Tangency then curvature. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. the application computes a spine. 34 . tangency discontinuity points are coupled. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Pulling direction. Select the profile. Reference surface.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material.3. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used.The Loft Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. Select the three section curves. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. They are highlighted in the geometry area. The feature (identified as Loft. a planar profile.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. 3. Click the Loft icon . Tangency. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Vertices. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves.

By default. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. the application computes a spine. 3. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Remove Loft icon . The Two creation modes are available: 35 . The feature (identified as Loft. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. Click OK to create the lofted surface.3.3. If you need to use an open profile.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions.3. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Select the profile to be extruded.

If you set the Tangency mode. you can then trim the fillets to be created. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. When filleting an edge. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Check the Neutral Fiber option. Conversely. 3. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. Select the edges. The specification tree indicates it has been created. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. CATIA displays the radius value. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. 36 . This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created.4. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. Click OK. depending on the radius value you specified.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. Click the Edge Fillet icon . Tangency. The stiffener is created. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile.

Click OK.4.4. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. Select the face to be removed.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. Instead of entering a radius value. Click OK. 3. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.5 Basic Draft 37 . The faces are filleted. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The specification tree indicates this creation. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. the application chamfers its edges. Depending on the curve's shape.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces.4.4. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. The fillet will be tangent to this face. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. Select the faces to be filleted. 3. Select the faces to be filleted.3. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. 3. Click OK. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.

face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Click OK. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. This element will remain the same during the draft. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Parting element: this plane. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . If Keep Parting =Neutral. 3.4. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation.

select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. Enter the Default inside thickness field. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. The feature is shelled. 3. click the Points field.9 Thickness 39 . Select the face. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. indicating the default pulling direction.4. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. Click OK.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. 3. Select face as the neutral element.4. Select the face to be drafted. To edit the other angle value. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . Click the Shell icon . The reflect line is moved accordingly. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. 3. You can add as many points as you wish. Click OK to confirm. displays the variable angle draft option as activated.4. Select the face to be removed. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. The selected face becomes purple. To add a point on the edge.

Click OK. Enter the thread depth.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Limit faces must be planar. Click OK to create the translated element.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. The application previews the thread. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Thickness icon . Select the faces to thicken. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. Click the Thread/Tap icon . 3. 40 . but the thread (identified as Thread.5.4. Click the Translate icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the upper face as the limit face. Y. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. This task shows you how to translate a body. Enter a positive value. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. pitch value. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Check the Left-Threaded option. This creation appears in the specification tree. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. 3. The part is thickened accordingly.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Click OK to confirm.You can add or remove thickness to parts. The element (identified as Translate. Click Preview. You can also specify the direction by means of X.

Select an edge as the rotation axis. The command applies to current bodies. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.3.5. 3. Click the Mirror icon . Click the Symmetry icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . The pads are mirrored.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The new element (identified as Symmetry. The application previews the material to be created. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. The element (identified as Rotate. Click OK to create the rotated element.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Rotate icon . You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation.5. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Select a point. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. line or plane as reference element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 3. Enter a value for the rotation angle. The specification tree mentions this creation.5. 3. The element is rotated. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click OK to confirm the operation. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.5.

Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Select the feature you wish to copy. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Defining the spacing along the grid. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Click OK. The feature "RectPattern. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. complete crown. Angular spacing & total angle. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Patterns let you do so.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Now. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Click the Circular Pattern icon . CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied.5. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Spacing & Length. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. These parameters are: Instances & total angle.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Instances & angular spacing. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. An arrow is displayed on the pad.This is the resulting pattern. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. If needed.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Instances & Spacing. circular and user patterns. These features accelerate the creation process. 42 .

Click Preview. One more ring of pads will be added. you are going to add a crown to your part.5.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. Click the Scaling icon . Select the feature you wish to duplicate.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. The pad will be repeated seven times. Select the body to be scaled. Now. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. The body is scaled. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Click OK. Click OK. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. 3. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. The feature appears in the Object field. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. you can select an edge or a planar face. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points.5. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . The specification tree indicates this creation. To define a direction. 3. Click the User Pattern icon . click the Crown Definition tab.6 Measuring 3. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. 3. Click OK. This axis will be normal to the face. Select the reference point located on the body. These points are created in the Sketch.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. To do so.6.

The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. 3. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign).This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. If exact values cannot be measured. edge or vertex. etc. This command lets you choose the selection mode. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. edge or vertex. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. or an entire product (selection 2). or an entire product (selection 1). The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. icon in the Definition box.6. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. Click the Measure Item icon. Click the Measure Between icon. 3. vertices and entire products) or between points. edges. Click to select another surface. Switch to Design Mode. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). surfaces.). Click to select a surface. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. The Measure Between dialog box appears. By default. edges. surfaces and entire products). edges. The Measure Item dialog box appears.3 Measuring Inertia 44 .6.

The body is split. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. geometry or assembly. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. 3. you must select the desired sub-product. volume (volumes only). Click the Measure Inertia icon. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. The measure is made on the selection. the dialog box also gives the area. Click the Split icon .7 Surface-Based Features 3.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. density. density and mass of the selected item. Select the splitting surface. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. face or surface.7. indicating the splitting element. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. Click OK. you can click it to reverse the direction. The area. In addition to the center of gravity G. Material has been removed. 45 .

If you need to reverse the arrow.7. Click OK. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The surface is thickened. just click it. Click OK. The surface is closed .INITIAL 3. 46 . In the geometry area.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. that is the extrude element. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the surface to be closed. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. Click the Close Surface icon .7.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. Select the object you wish to thicken. INITIAL 3. Click the Thick Surface icon .

An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.7.INITIAL FINAL 3. indicating the object to be sewn. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Some material has been removed. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Click the Sew Surface icon . The surface is sewn onto the body. Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material.

3. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. indicating that it is the active body. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . if you wish to combine them.8. During the operation. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. Click the Insert Body icon. Intersecting Bodies. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. 3. 3. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. material has been added. When your part includes several bodies.x" in the specification tree. It allows you to create complex geometry. Removing Bodies. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. To assemble them. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform.x are autonomous. Trimming Bodies. INITIAL 48 . The result is immediate. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. This is your new Part Body. It is underlined. By default.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. You will notice that Part Body and Body.8. Click OK to confirm. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. Now. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. Assembling Bodies.

Adding a body to another one means uniting them.8.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body.FINAL 3. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . By default. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. Click the Add icon .

Click OK.1 has been removed. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 .Part Body.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. copied elements for example. Select the Tools -> Options command.. 3.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. they will not be deleted. When creating a geometric element. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. and their origins when you are editing these elements. External References. then Display tab. The Options dialog box is displayed.. containing three categories of options: External References. When selecting a sketch as 54 . and Delete Operation. Select the Tools -> Options. 4. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.This task shows you how to set general settings. Update. you often need to select other elements as inputs. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. Geometry. The General tab appears. Click the Infrastructure category. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. command Click the Infrastructure category. The tab appears.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views.. Delete Operation . Update.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. you just need to use the Isolate command.9. which means that if they are shared by other features. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features..

The Planes Between dialog box appears. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. depending on the feature you are creating. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click OK to create the planes. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . 4. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears.the input element. in only one operation.3 Creating Polylines 55 .1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. 4. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. Click the Planes Repetition icon . Define the number or points to be created (instances field). Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. some restrictions apply. 4. Select a curve or a Point on curve. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. If you check the with end points option.

Three points. Enter a Radius value. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Enter all input as specified. Center and point. 56 .This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc.Tritangent. Click the Circle icon . Click the Polyline icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The circle (identified as Circle. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Bitangent and point . Bitangent and radius . Two points and radius.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. 4. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears.

4. Remove the selected point. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. 57 . Click the Spline icon . You can select the Geometry on support check box. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. Replace the selected point by another point. Add a point before the selected point. and select a support. The Spline Definition dialog box appears.

Click OK to create the helix. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Select two curves as reference element.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. The helical curve (identified as Helix. 58 . Height. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support surface. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. The reference elements must lie on this support. 4. Several solutions may be possible. such as coils and springs for example. Starting Angle. Profile. Select a starting point and an axis. The corner will be created between these two references.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. Click the Corner icon . The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Taper Angle. Click the Helix icon . Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Orientation. Enter a Radius value. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Click OK to create the corner.

Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. when the spiral is defined by an angle. along the Reference direction.Define the spiral's Orientation. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Specify the Start radius value. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. Click the Connect Curve icon . 4.4. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Spiral icon . at which the spiral's first revolution starts. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. that is the distance from the Center point. Click OK to create the connect curve. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Tangency or Curvature. that is a in 2D plane.

Click the Conic icon .4. You can select several elements to be projected. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. Click the Projection icon .11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The projection is added to the specification tree. 60 . hyperbolas or ellipses. 4. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Select the element to be projected. passing points or tangents. Select the Support element. The projection may be normal or along a direction. Click OK to create the projection element. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. The Projection Definition dialog box appears.

12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. The intersection is displayed. Select the two elements to be intersected. Click the Intersection icon .Fill in the conic curve parameters. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. A Face.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the intersection element. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. lines.) 4. Avoid using input elements. A Contour. This element (identified as Intersect. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. Point. 61 . etc.

Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. Geometry with no history is called a datum. lofting and sweeping. Click the Extrude icon . For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. 62 . Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not.13. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction.4. 4. Click OK to create the surface.

3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. The spherical surface is based on a center point.13. Click OK to create the surface.13.4.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. Click the Revolve icon . Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. and angular limits. 4. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.

You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.13. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. one on each side of the reference surface. Click the Offset icon . Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Click OK to create the surfaces. Select the center point of the sphere. 4. Click Apply to previews the offset surface.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface.dialog box is displayed. along 64 . Click OK to create the surface. Click Apply to preview the surface. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears.13. Select the surface to be offset. 4. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.

then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Line profile icon. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. Limit and middle. Click OK to create the swept surface. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. Click the Sweep icon . The five possible cases are Two limits. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. you can select a reference Surface. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. Select a Guide curve. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. Click OK to create the swept surface. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. In the Smooth sweeping section. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. Click the Sweep icon . If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. Click the Circle icon. If no spine is selected. If needed.xxx) is added to the specification tree.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. With draft direction. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. With reference surface. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. select a Second Guide. With reference curve. If needed. The surface (identified as Sweep. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. Click the Explicit profile icon. select a Spine. 65 . the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. With tangency surface.

d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.13. Two guides.13. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. Select a passing point.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. 4. Three guides. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Remove the selected element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Fill icon . 4. Four guides.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. The surface (identified as Sweep. If 66 . This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Click OK to create the swept surface. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Click the Conic icon. Click OK to create the fill surface. Click the Sweep icon . and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.xxx) is added to the specification tree. such as parabolas. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. If not. Replace the selected element by another curve. Add a new element after or before the selected one. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. Select one or two section curves. Five guides. hyperbolas or ellipses. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. the results may be inconsistent. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Loft icon . and enter a radius value. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Select guide curves. Click OK to create the swept surface. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.

You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. or on none. The surface (identified as Blend.xxx) is added to the specification tree. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Tangency then curvature. 4. Tangency. continuity. 67 .needed. Select the cutting element. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. and so forth. Several coupling types are available.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Start extremity. In that case. 4. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. A preview of the split appears. taking a number of constraints into account. Successively select the first curve and its support.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Vertices. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. only on the End section.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. 4. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. translating and rotating. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities.14. Click OK to create the lofted surface. such as tension. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. then the second curve and its support.13. In the Spine tab page. You can select several cutting elements. Click the Split icon . You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. Select the element to be split. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. select one or more guide curves. on both. End extremity. Click OK. Click the Blend icon . None.

The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. Click the Trim icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. A preview of the trimmed element appears. In that case it appears as a separate Split. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. 68 . You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Click OK to split the element.xxx element in the specification tree. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. 4.14.

The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed.14. The extracted element (identified as Extract.).14. Click the Boundary icon .4. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. Click OK to create the boundary curve. points. and so forth. Select a Surface edge. Click the Extract icon . without deleting the initial element. solids.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. a point on the curve for example. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. Select an edge or the face of an element. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.xxx) is added to the specification tree.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. No propagation. The selected element is highlighted. or Tangent continuity. 69 . The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. 4. Click OK to extract the element.

Click the Symmetry icon .8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation.14.xxx) is added to the specification tree.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click OK to create the rotated element. 4. Select the element to be rotated. Click the Scaling icon . Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . The Translate Definition dialog box appears. 4. Select the Vector Definition.14. plane or planar surface. 4. Click the Rotate icon . point. 4. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears.4.14. Select a line as the rotation axis. Click the Affinity icon . Click OK. Click OK to create the translated element. Select the scaling reference point.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click the Translate icon .5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. The element (identified as Translate . Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Click OK to create the scaled element.14. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. or more. line or plane as reference element. Select the element to be translated. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Select a point.14. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. line or surface element.

Click OK to create the affinity element. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Click the Extrapolate icon . Merging distance. 71 . Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Other options available are Simplify the result. Ignore erroneous elements. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Select a surface Boundary. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. The Join Definition dialog box appears. 4. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent.operation. federation.14. Sub-Elements To Remove. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal.14. Z values. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Click the Join icon. Y. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. 4. Angle Tolerance.

72 . by clicking the Sharpness tab. 4. and selecting one or more edges. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. you can retain sharp edges. Click OK in the dialog box. Provided the Tangent mode is active. Select the surface which limits should be restored. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Click the Healing icon. You can also set the Distance objective.14.4. Select the surface which limits should be restored. The surface (identified as Heal.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. while the surface is restored. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. Select the surfaces to be healed. A progression bar is displayed.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon.14. From the Parameters tab.

click the Update icon evolution of the operation. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). 73 . i.4. To warn you that an update is needed. that can be manipulated independently. and type of discontinuity (point. 4. manual update. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. To update a part. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. To update the part. Click the Curve Smooth icon .14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. that is to say independent elements are created. A progression bar is displayed.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve.14.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. A resulting element can be made of several cells. Select the curve to be smoothed. Select the element to be disassembled. A progression bar indicates the . fill the gaps. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. The selected element is disassembled. Click OK in the dialog box. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. while the surface is being disassembled.e. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4.14.

Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. The result is immediate. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. The Change Body dialog box appears. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. 4.x. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. select the branch of your choice. CATIA displays this new Open_body. removing open body entities and changing body.4.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. indicating that it is the active open body. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. This involves. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. It is underlined. 4.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. in the specification tree. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. In the specification tree. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. inserting open body entities.

edges or faces). 5. The point (identified as Extremum. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. Set the correct options: Max. Click the Extremum icon . 5. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. Click OK.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Min. 5. Select a curve. when combined with other products such as Part Design. or becomes visible. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. if it was hidden. if it was visible. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. The open body or it’s content is hidden. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 .command. or a pad. a surface.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. according to given directions.

5. the results can be: Min radius.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Max angle. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. a point in this case. You can also select a start point. Min angle. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. is added to the specification tree. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the extremum point. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Max radius. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. or filleted surfaces. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. This task shows how to create a spine. The spine is displayed. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Polar Extremum icon . Click OK. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Successively select planes. Click Preview. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Click Preview. Click OK to create the spine.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.xxx). on a planar contour. 76 . This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. lofted. Depending on the selected computation type.

Click the Parallel Curve icon .5. whether closed or open. The combine (identified as Combine. Click OK to create the element. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. select the support surface and a direction. Click the Combine icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. 5. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Key in an angle. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Select the reference Curve to be offset. Successively select the two curves to be combined. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. The Combine Definition dialog box appears.

You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. 6. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Click OK to create the swept surface. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Select the Guiding curve. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. Select points on guide to add other sections. The Options dialog box is displayed.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. 5. Select the Tools -> Options command.5. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. When designing the profile to be swept. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Assembly Design 78 . G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. The General tab displays. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . The Reference surface is optional.

The Product2 (Product2. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created.2.1) is created in the . Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. Those products can in turn be used to create other products.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. 6. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. You can use parts to create products. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. 6.2. you need products.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. 6. 6. In the specification tree.3 Inserting a New Part icon. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. In the specification tree.1). The structure of your assembly now 79 . a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.2 Inserting a Components 6.2. To create an assembly. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1.

The result is immediate. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. In the specification tree. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . Click OK to create the components. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. 6. 6.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. check x-axis. The application previews the location of the new components.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. However. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. on another component for example. If geometry exists in the assembly. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Select the component you wish to instantiate. you should keep in mind the 80 . Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. To define the direction of creation. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. 6. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . The operation is very simple.

2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). The selected component is orange framed (default color). Select the faces to be constrained. Same. Double-clicking activates it.5.5.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. you may obtain concentricity. opposite. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. As the contact constraint is created. 6. The components involved and their status are indicated. indicating orientations. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Depending on the selected elements. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Green graphic symbols are 81 . This constraint is added to the specification tree too. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. coaxiality or coplanarity. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. 6. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. Click the Contact Constraint icon . Select the second face to be constrained.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Select the face to be constrained.

that is the light blue . A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. 6.5. 82 .5. By fixing its position according to other components. which means setting a relative position. click More to expand the dialog box. 6. Keep the Angle option. Click OK to create the offset constraint. Click the Angle Constraint icon . Select the faces to be constrained.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. This operation is referred to as "Fix". This constraint is added to the specification tree. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". which means setting an absolute position. 6. The components involved and their status are indicated. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. The constraint is created. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. When setting an angle constraint. you need to specify how faces should be oriented.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . Parallelism (angle value equals zero). The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Click the Offset Constraint icon . There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly.5.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. you will have to define an angle value. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). In the dialog box that appears. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Click OK to create the angle component. Select the component to be fixed. Select the faces to be constrained.

83 . not necessarily in the active component. Click OK to validate the operation. You can select as many components as you wish.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. The components are attached to each other. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Move the fixed component. 6. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.5. Click OK. 6. Coincidence. Click OK to confirm. The Fix Together dialog box appears. displays all possible constraints. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Angle and Parallelism. but they must belong to the active component. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Moving one of them moves the other one too. Select the two entities to be constrained. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only.5. The Change Type dialog box that appears. Select the new type of constraint. Click the Fix Together icon . 6. Click the Change Constraint icon . You can select any constraints. Offset. displaying the list of selected components. In the Name field. The first constraint in the list can now be set.5.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Select the constraint to be changed.

refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance.5. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. To do so. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. create a new instance. 84 . The default color is black. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. The constraint is deactivated. The constraints are in black. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. three options are available: Reuse the original component. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. Click the Update icon whole assembly. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. 6. The assembly is updated. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Using no associativity: the option is off. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. Select any activated constraint. cut & paste the original component. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. Select the Tools -> Options command. Click the Reuse Pattern icon .6. 6. indicating they need an update.

You can move your component along the x. y or z-axis. yz and xz planes. Depending on the selected elements. y or z-axis as well as in the xy.8. 6.xx" is displayed in the tree.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. You can rotate your component around the x. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.8 Moving Components 6. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.Click OK to repeat the second component. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. 6. you will obtain different results.8. If you use the option "generated constraints".1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. 85 .1" is displayed below this entity. The third row is reserved for rotations.

move and rotate the section plane. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. also appears. showing the generated section. The point is projected onto the line. 86 .First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. A Preview window. Click the Sectioning icon. The point is projected onto the plane.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities.8. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. it creates constraints. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. 6. invert the normal vector of the plane. reference plane or cylinder axis). Z. edge. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. Both lines become collinear. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. Optionally. The section plane is automatically created. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The line is projected onto the plane. 6. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The plane passes through the line.

Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. click them to reverse the direction.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. 6. Perform a Symmetry. To edit an assembly split. Click OK to confirm.10. the graphical attributes of the components. Hole.6. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. 6. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Add. Click Ok to end the scene creation. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. show-no show. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. The active product at least must include two components. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. keep in mind the following. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. For instance modify: viewpoint. which in turn must contain one part at least. Pocket.X' in assembly features available in history tree. Remove. Within a scene. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. graphical attributes. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. Perform the required modifications. Click the Create Scene icon . double-click 'Assembly Split.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split.

Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. keep the selection as it is. if necessary. Keep it.they were in the initial product. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. 6. 6. Click the Explode icon . Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Between two selections. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Set the explode type. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Selection against all. 3D is the default type. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Click Apply to check for interferences. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. 88 . Inside one selection. Click Apply to perform the operation. Keep All levels set by default. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view.

2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. 6. Update and Delete Operation 6.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Select Tools -> Options.14. displaying the following options: Update. Constraint Creation.. Access to geometry. containing three categories of options: External References. then the Assembly Design subcategory. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Click the Mechanical Design category.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. Click the Infrastructure category. The General tab appears.14. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. 89 .. Quick Constraint. then the Assembly Design subcategory. command. Click the Mechanical Design category. The General tab appears.14. Move components.6.

Click OK. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. interactive or generated views.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views.7.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. You may also add. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. . from the menu bar.. 7. Select the Drafting workbench. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. Select the 90 . A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. as well as information on the drawing standards.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. 7. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands..

When you create a view. The non-active views are framed in blue. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. and then click OK. select the ISO standard. or the A0 ISO format.Drawing workbench. The active view is framed in red. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. and click OK. Select the orientation type. If you click this view.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. From the New Drawing dialog box. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). Even though you then delete sheet1. The new sheet automatically appears. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. 91 . Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. until you click at the desired view location. Select the 1:1 scale. the view to be created is framed in green. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. 7. 7.

As you move the cursor. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). Blue arrows appear. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Any modification applied to the specifications. Right-click the frame of the view. 7. Click on sheet to place front view. Select object. Click the Drawing window. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). 7. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet.Start creating the front view. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. You can perform an update. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. a previewed projection 92 . relatively to the front view previously generated. respectively.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. You can update all views or a selection of views. is detected. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side.

only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Click an edge on the view. use Undo or Redo icons. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. completely describes the object. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. 93 . This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. This auxiliary view. 7. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Click to position the auxiliary view.view in a green frame appears on the sheet.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. together with the top view. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. at any time. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. you can. Click the Drawing window. for example the right view position. Click to position the callout. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. 7. In sectioning through irregular objects.

Click the callout center. 7. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. 7. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . In order to include in a section certain angled elements. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Click to generate the detail view. Or. In this particular case. You can modify this scale.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Click the Drawing window. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane.7. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. the dialog is exactly the same. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. you will select the Clipping 94 . we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. and click the Aligned Section Cut . Click the Drawing window.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). Click to generate the view. Click the Drawing window. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view).

the top. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Red zones appear. 7. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the Drawing window. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). the left. Click the 3D part. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). the right. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click on the sheet. If needed. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Click the first point of the breakout profile. as well as blue manipulators appear. A breakout view is often a partial section. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end 95 . 7. 7. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears.Profile View icon . Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. translate the profile.

Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. and right-click them. 7. Click next add any other view if required. Select the CATPart document. select Selected objects -> isolate. the Top view. At creation.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). Click the Drawing window. 7.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar).17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Left view and Right view). Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. 7. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location.18 Scaling a View 96 . Once you are satisfied. Click to position the left view. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. 7. Bottom view. From the contextual menu.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. or all views in the drawing. views are by default linked to the parent view. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu.

if you are in the background view. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. you can pre-define the position.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. right-click the detail view.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. Click OK.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. 7. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. In this particular case. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. or parts list. For modifying the detail and section callout. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. The detail view is updated. This view is now active. double-click the front view. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. go to Product Structure workbench. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. This Bill of Material. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. section views and section cuts. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . Balloons generated 7. If needed. Before positioning the Bill of Material.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. 7. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. 97 . In this case.

Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Double-click the callout to be modified. distance The dimensions below: 98 . Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. radius. 3. distance.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. On views including more dimensions. On the view for which the dimension are generated. 4. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. Then click OK in this Pattern table. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. For example.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. 2. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. 7. diameter Angle. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. On the view with a bigger scale. only sketched constraints are generated. the section view is automatically updated. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. 7. Right-click the pattern to be modified.

7. radius and diameter. Click OK to close the dialog box. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. to start the dimension generation. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. Dimensions 99 . dimensions are generated on all the views.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. angle. there is only one) is automatically displayed. In the case of drawings with several views.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). length. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).23. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. by default.23. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options.

Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance.Click the Not Generated option . Enter the desired character string. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Click OK when you're done. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. if needed.24 Creating a Datum Feature . Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. If you select a dimension or a text. dimension. on the contrary. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). If you select an element. no leader will be created. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. This task will show you how to create a datum feature.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). If you select a point in the free space. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. the anchor point will be an arrow. The geometrical tolerance is created. The datum feature is created. the anchor point will be a small balloon. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. not generated. 7. Select an element (geometry. Click OK. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. 100 .

Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar.26.7. and select Text Properties. such as font style.26. Text properties can be applied to text. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text.26 Annotations 7. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. size. text with leader. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. etc. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. If needed. 101 . You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. balloon and datum target.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. 7. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. dimension text. Choose View -> Toolbars. justification. A red frame appears. Set the properties of a text. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end).

Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears.6. If needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Click OK. Select an element. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). For example. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. You can enter another string or value as needed. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. Ra=1. 7.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field.26. 102 . Click to define the balloon anchor point. Open any CATProduct document. Enter values in the desired field(s). Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon).26. 7. Create a balloon by selecting an edge.7.26.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click OK. On this CATProduct document. Go over one of the part with your cursor. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product.

The welding symbol is created. You can also split a table. you can add text. If needed. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. and insert a view in a table. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. 7. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. import a table. In this table. Select the two elements. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. switch lines and columns.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. merges cells. 7. insert columns.7.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. If needed. Click OK. Click OK.26. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. and then click to validate. modify the geometry-welding symbol. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. invert columns.26. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The welding leader will appear.26.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. rows. and insert views. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Click the icon to launch the command.27 Editing Properties 103 . Click ok to validate the creation. invert lines.

Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Choose the View tab. Axis. dress-up elements. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . Click OK. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Fillets. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Thread. Center line. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. 3D spec. 3D Colors. Scale: the scale of the view. 3D Wireframe. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Dress up: Hidden lines. if needed. 3D Points. Among other things. Lines and Curves option. no more modification allowed in the view. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). edit annotation font properties. Lock view: if you check this option. Choose your options. Click the Graphic Tab. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Right-click on the front view and select properties. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. you can create a formula for the view name.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. if needed.

The Options dialog box appears. Modify the available options. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. Modify the available options.then select the Edit-> Properties command. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. 7. Select the Tools->Options command. edit dimension value properties. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. frame. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. edit dimension text properties. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. if needed. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. if needed. 105 . enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. click the Font tab. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. The associated panel is displayed. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. or leader). Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Grid: To define your grid. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. In other words. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened.

Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. when you update the drawing. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. the dimension is automatically re-computed. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. To activate this mode. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Select the Dimension tab in Options. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. following it dynamically during the creation process. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. View axis: When you activate a view. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. As a result. In addition. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed.

Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Hidden lines. Allow automatic transfer between views. Select the Generation tab. Parallelism. Automatic positioning after generation.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. or still adding constraints to this geometry. View tab): Generate axis. 3D colors inheritance. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Analysis after generation. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Generate threads. perpendicularity and tangency. Generate centerlines. either or not using SmartPick. Properties option. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Select the Geometry tab. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Filters before generation. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. end points included. if a component is used two times within a product. Project 3D wireframe. Apply 3D specification. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Project 3D points. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Generate fillet. Alignment. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. the Create detected constraints option is not available. 107 . then the balloon will be generated twice. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Horizontality and verticality.

geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. For this before callout creation check this option. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. Select the Layout tab. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. As a result. scaling factor or frame to appear. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. f)Annotations 108 . you can define that you want or not the view name. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. the sketch. Constraint diagnostics. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. the following dialog box appears. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. and only visualized by. This element is used as positioning reference. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing.

Make sure the specification tree actually appears. In this particular case. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. Select the Edit->Links command. Press OK. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. 109 . You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. no matter what the view scale is.You can customize given options when creating annotations. 7. Select the Annotation tab. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader.. command. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. or both. according to the orientation. press the shift key. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. Press OK. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. It is now possible to customize the settings. Activate the settings. as you will choose to load the referenced document. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document.. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked.

Snap to Point. Create Detected Constraints. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). True Length Dimension 8. Force Dimension on Element. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. if needed.2 Creating Views 110 . 8. To modify these colors. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. View. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. Create Constraints.8. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box.

Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. A blue axis displays in a red frame. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. 8. you can create: a top view. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. dimensions. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Press OK. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. a bottom view. double-click on this isometric view. modified in this dialog box. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Right-click the view used as reference. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. 8. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. In other words. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Press OK. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. The view plane can be defined and if needed. a left view and a right view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. Click the Drawing window. Click the New View icon . For this. For example. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric).4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. by double-clicking on this view. From an active front view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . In other words. This is true for any kind of view. In this case. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view.

In this case. ellipse. in another view. circle. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. the object to be projected. using the Action-Object mode. curve). Add elements to an existing view. select an arc of a circle in the front view. select a circle in the top view. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. Select.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. using the ObjectAction mode. hyperbola. and then transformed into the receiving view. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. if needed. parabola. In this case. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. You will first add elements to an existing view. 8. Select more elements to be projected. 112 . Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. At any time. using the Action-Object mode. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view.

113 .Create an isometric view from scratch. Select the object defining the view to be created. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. using the Object-Action mode. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. In this case. select the whole front view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. Make the isometric view active (double-click). All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view.

The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. 8. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . If you want constraints to be created. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. clipping views. The frame can only be rectangular. choose Properties. Click OK. Click on the frame to select it. a distance constraint.8. details views. Select the view and right-click the view frame. a configuration. as you want. Click the View tab. etc. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. select the Visual Clipping check box. You can reframe any type of view: front views. a mode: measured or constraining mode. In the Visualization and Behavior area. In the contextual menu.6 Reframing a View In this task. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. isometric views.

You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. In other words. On the Dimensioning toolbar. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. click a second element in the view. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. these relations will be taken into account. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. you can only create constraints between similar elements. click the Dimensions icon. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. or between generated elements. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. When creating dimensions on elements. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. you can preview the dimensions to be created. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. 8. If you choose this constraint. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. The software proposes you parallelism by default. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. click in the drawing. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. you will learn how to create dimensions. In other words. but not between a mix of these.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. 8. If needed. Click a first element in the view.

8. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting.toolbar). Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines.e. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Select a circle. Click to validate the dimension creation. Red end points appear. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. click the centerline. i. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. Select the reference line. and then the second element. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. 116 . Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. you can also access the Properties options. Select the dimension. 8.

c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. Click the Drawing window. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. The axis line is created. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. you will apply a thread to a hole. Select the Reference Thread type option line. Click the Drawing window. part-sketched. Click the Drawing window. dotting or coloring). e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. Click the Drawing window. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. Select two lines. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. In the Pattern dialog box. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. The thread is created. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). The Tap type option activated by default. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. In this particular case. . from the (Tools toolbar). Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. The axes and centerlines are created. The thread is created according to this reference. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. generated elements. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. part-generated elements.

118 . A breakpoint is added to the arrow. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. under the line. A contextual menu appears. The arrow is created. The Area Detection dialog box appears. To modify the position of the arrow. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. For the purpose of this exercise. Select Add a Breakpoint. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. The arrow and the selected object are associative. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. you can drag it to change the arrow path. which represents the fillet edge. Click the Drawing window.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar.

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