INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. and are less expensive. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. 1. For that we need level three: SM systems. cost. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. and costs are generally lower. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe.Generally. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. and flexibility. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. Moreover. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. not just that of exterior. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory.

the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. outside. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. SM systems are now being used to design power plants.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. weight. to be sure. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. or on the surface of the object in question. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. DESIGN. 1. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them.systems to handle architectural problems. By its nature. surface area.4 LAYOUTS.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. 8 . 1. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. In this way. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. so mass properties (volume. 1. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. rather than a part of engineering. centre of gravity.

a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. it remains a challenge. Once created. To do this from the 3D.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar.e. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. and then select Edit. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). Without solids. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. 2. but one that can be surmounted. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane.1. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. 9 . point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. if you need for more complex sketches 2. automation of process planning is also impossible. With solid. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. or select a planar surface.

Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. in which you specify the reference plane. Snap to Point If activated.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. . Construction elements 10 . Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch.2. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. i.e. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). on some occasions. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. 2. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements.

the sketch. These elements are used as positioning references. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. and only visualized by.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. These elements cannot be modified. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. uses edges. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. 11 .aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). As a result. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. graphically speaking. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. 2. as soon as the diagnostic is solved.

any of the above cases possibly combined together. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. whenever possible. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. two or three elements. SmartPick will return information via symbols.6 Creating Constraints 2. at the midpoint of a line. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. The constraints are in priority dimensional. at the extremity point of a curve. .Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears.6.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. Using SmartPick. the 2. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. According to the various active options. using coordinates. at the intersection point of two curves. all over a curve. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. on a point.

by default. Coincidence. Select a first element. This constraint can be created between either two elements. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Angle. You can either select the geometry or the command first. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. 2. 13 . 2. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Parallelism or Perpendicular). Fix. 2. If constraints already exist.6. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint.6. Click OK to constrain the sketch.6. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Horizontal. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. coincidence and tangency. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Select the profile to be constrained. the application displays it in green. they are checked in the dialog box. For editing. Select a second element. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Once the profile is fully constrained.

c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. Click to create the oriented rectangle. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). 14 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar.2. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button.

h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. two centers & two radii. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click to create the parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar).

k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. circle centers appear on the sketch. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. m) Creating an Arc 16 . When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). By default. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. Click three elements. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon .

It shows how to create an arc. s) Creating a Conic 17 . Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. c) Through three points –start. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. Double-click to end the spline. end. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. To create a Parabola click the focus. end. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. middle. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Clicking another command ends the spline too. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. a) The arc center point. To create a hyperbola click the focus. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). There are three possibilities. start point and end point. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. center and apex. b) Through three points .start. middle.

The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. As a result. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. in accordance with both points previously clicked. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. Click two points on the two existing lines. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). one after the other. a circle. a parabola or a hyperbola. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. if needed. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the line first point (first point). x) Creating an Axis 18 . To edit.

Select a second line (or an axis). Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . 2. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Select a first line (or an axis). Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve.This task shows how to create an axis. In this task. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. of course you can create this point manually. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: .

Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Select the two lines. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. You can create rounded corners between curves. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Length1/Length2. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Select the two lines. Trim All / First / No element. Create two intersecting lines. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. The second line is also highlighted. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Select the first line. . The Trim All option is the command activated by default. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Select the two curves. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Length1/Angle. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. the first or none of the elements.

The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. The line is now composed of two movable segments. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. a three point arc. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Create a three points arc. These options are Rubber In. a construction line or an axis. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Rubber out. Select the line to be broken. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select one or more elements to be relimited. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). 21 from the Sketch tools . The arc will now be closed.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. and Break. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. For example. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar.

Select the element(s) to be scaled. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). De-activate the Duplicate mode. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). In the Translation Definition dialog box. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Select or click a point to define an angle. enter a precise value for the translation length. if needed. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. In other words. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Enter the number of copies you need. Select the element(s) to be translated. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Select or click the rotation center point. multi-select the entire profile. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Select the geometry to be rotated. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. Multi-selection is not available. The duplicate mode is activated by default. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Here. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation.

Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). These 23 . If the line is not already selected. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. the line to be created appears immediately.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. by creating several offset instances. select it. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. These projections are yellow. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The intersection is yellow. Both lines are parallel. Select the face of interest. arc or circle. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. There are two possibilities. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. Select the surface. The selected line is duplicated. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. The line to be created appears. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar).

Expand the Mechanical Design option. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. The Options dialog box appears. 2. 2.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. You can now sketch the required profile.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. The Sketcher tab appears. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. in the Tools toolbar. It indicates the overall 24 . 2. In other words. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. Primary spacing. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Graduations. and then click Sketcher.

The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. To open it. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. c) specific toolbars. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. 25 . Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). which is fully integrated into Part Design. Actually. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. This application. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. 3. from simple to advance. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens.3. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. The New dialog box is displayed. offers a highly productive. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. b) the geometry area.

Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. 3.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Between: Creating point between two other points.2. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Y. 26 .3. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. ellipse. .2. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. 3.

Some operations consist in adding material. In this section.Regardless of the line type. Groove. Rib. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad.2. 3. 27 . Pocket. Slot. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. others in removing material. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Shaft. Click the Plane icon . The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Once you have defined the plane. Loft. it is represented by a red square symbol.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. and Remove Loft. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes.

if you extrude a profile. If you wish to define another length for this direction.3. Up to Plane. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . 28 .3. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.Up to Last. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. You will notice that by default. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button.3. 3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. Just click the More button and define the second limit. For each of them. Up to Surface.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. By default. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. the application specifies the length of your pad.

Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. up to plane. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Select the profile to be extruded. The specification tree indicates this creation. up to last. 3. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . By default.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Click OK to create the pocket. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Optionally click Preview to see the result. if you extrude a profile. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. set the Type parameter to Dimension. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. Note 29 . Double-click Pocket to edit it. To define a specific depth. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Click the Pocket icon . To specify another direction. Alternatively. up to surface.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next.3.3.3. using different length values.

6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Consequently. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. Once you have done your modifications.3. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". you do not have to select the axis. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. and click Preview to see the result. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. Select the open profile. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. For each of them. pockets and stiffeners. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. If needed. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. Click the Shaft icon . The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. The method described here is also valid for pockets. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. For the purposes of our scenario. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. Alternatively. and click Preview to see the result. Enter Thickness1 's value. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. 3. Enter Thickness2 's value. select LIM1 or 30 .3. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. The profile is previewed in dotted line. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. You need an open or closed profile. 3. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.

This task shows you how to create a groove. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. 3. Click Preview to see the result. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. For the purposes of our scenario. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. If needed. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. you do not have to select the axis. Click OK to confirm. Select the profile. Click the Groove icon . The specification tree mentions it has been created. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The shaft is created. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Consequently. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. Click OK to confirm the 31 .7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields.3.

operation. 3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . but you can use standard values. 3.3. To define a thread. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. you need a center curve. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole.3. you can enter the values of your choice. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. By default. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. 3.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. To define a rib. CATIA removes material around the cylinder.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole.

Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Click OK.element or a pulling direction. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. Select the profile you wish to sweep. The application now previews the rib to be created. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed.3. Click the Rib icon . You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch.2. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. To create Rib. it can be discontinuous in tangency. The rib is created. To define this direction. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. 3. you can select a plane or an edge. New options are then available.11 Slot 33 . It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. It should be a closed profile. The specification tree mentions this creation.

Select the profile. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. tangency discontinuity points are coupled.3.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. you need a center curve. Reference surface. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. a planar profile. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. Vertices. Tangency then curvature. It is closed. The feature (identified as Loft. Click OK to create the volume. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. Select the three section curves. Click the Slot icon . 34 . The resulting feature is a closed volume. 3. By default. You can note that by default. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. To define a slot.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. Tangency. Click the Loft icon . Pulling direction. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. They are highlighted in the geometry area. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. the application computes a spine.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed.

The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. If you need to use an open profile. Click OK to create the lofted surface. the application computes a spine.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. The feature (identified as Loft. By default.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the profile to be extruded. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. 3. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry.3. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. . Select required sections & guide curves if needed. Click the Remove Loft icon . You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.3. The Two creation modes are available: 35 .14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions.3.

From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. Select the edges. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. Conversely. When filleting an edge. 3. 36 . The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Click the Edge Fillet icon . The specification tree indicates it has been created. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. depending on the radius value you specified. Optionally click Preview to see the result.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. you can then trim the fillets to be created. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. Click OK. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. Check the Neutral Fiber option. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. CATIA displays the radius value. Tangency. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges.4. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. The stiffener is created. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. If you set the Tangency mode. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane.

4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. The fillet will be tangent to this face. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Click OK.4. Select the face to be removed. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. Instead of entering a radius value. Click OK. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Click OK.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected.5 Basic Draft 37 .4. The specification tree indicates this creation. 3. Select the faces to be filleted. the application chamfers its edges. 3. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. 3. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.4.4. Depending on the curve's shape. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. Select the faces to be filleted. The faces are filleted.3. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. This creation is indicated in the specification tree.

If Keep Parting =Neutral. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. 3. This element will remain the same during the draft.4. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. Click OK. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Parting element: this plane.

Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Click the Shell icon . indicating the default pulling direction. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . 3. Click OK. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. This line is used to support the drafted faces. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. Select the face to be drafted. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. Select the face to be removed. 3. The feature is shelled. To edit the other angle value. click the Points field. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Enter the Default inside thickness field.4. To add a point on the edge. The selected face becomes purple.4. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. Select the face. Select face as the neutral element.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated.9 Thickness 39 . displays the variable angle draft option as activated. Click OK to confirm.4. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. You can add as many points as you wish. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. 3. while keeping a given thickness on its sides.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. The reflect line is moved accordingly.

Click the Translate icon . Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction.5.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the upper face as the limit face.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Specify the translation distance by entering a value.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. pitch value. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. 40 .1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. 3.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Click OK. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Check the Left-Threaded option. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. This task shows you how to translate a body. You can also specify the direction by means of X. The application previews the thread. Y. Click OK to confirm. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Enter a positive value. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Enter the thread depth. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Click the Thread/Tap icon . The part is thickened accordingly.4. but the thread (identified as Thread. Click Preview. The element (identified as Translate. Limit faces must be planar.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the translated element. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. This creation appears in the specification tree. Click the Thickness icon . 3. Select the faces to thicken.

The new element (identified as Symmetry. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. The element is rotated. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The pads are mirrored.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. Select an edge as the rotation axis.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. Enter a value for the rotation angle. Click OK to confirm the operation.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.5. The application previews the material to be created.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears.5. Click the Symmetry icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The element (identified as Rotate. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Click the Rotate icon . 3. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Mirror icon . The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the rotated element.3. The command applies to current bodies. 3. Select a point. 3. line or plane as reference element.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry.5.5. The specification tree mentions this creation.

Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Click the Circular Pattern icon . The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Now. The feature "RectPattern. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Patterns let you do so. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. circular and user patterns. Angular spacing & total angle. Let the Instances & Spacing option. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Select the feature you wish to copy. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Instances & angular spacing. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. complete crown.This is the resulting pattern. Spacing & Length. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Instances & Spacing. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. If needed. Defining the spacing along the grid.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters.5. Click OK. These features accelerate the creation process. 42 . check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible.

The pad will be repeated seven times. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. The specification tree indicates this creation.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify.6 Measuring 3.5. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. you can select an edge or a planar face. 3. Click OK. click the Crown Definition tab. 3. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Now.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice.5. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. To do so. Click OK. The body is scaled.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. These points are created in the Sketch. To define a direction. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Click the Scaling icon . Select the feature you wish to duplicate. you are going to add a crown to your part. Click the User Pattern icon . 3.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . This axis will be normal to the face. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. One more ring of pads will be added. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. The feature appears in the Object field. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select the reference point located on the body. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Click Preview. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Click OK.6. Select the body to be scaled.

The Measure Item dialog box appears.6. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. edge or vertex. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. surfaces. This command lets you choose the selection mode. By default. edges.6.). Click the Measure Item icon. edges. icon in the Definition box. 3. etc. Click the Measure Between icon. surfaces and entire products). properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . or an entire product (selection 1). Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. edge or vertex. Switch to Design Mode. Click to select a surface. edges. Click to select another surface. If exact values cannot be measured. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. 3. vertices and entire products) or between points. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. or an entire product (selection 2). Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. The Measure Between dialog box appears. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign).

7 Surface-Based Features 3. you can click it to reverse the direction. In addition to the center of gravity G. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. face or surface. Material has been removed. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. Click the Measure Inertia icon. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. The body is split.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. Click the Split icon . Select the splitting surface.7. geometry or assembly. density and mass of the selected item.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. 45 . indicating the splitting element. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. the dialog box also gives the area. you must select the desired sub-product. volume (volumes only). 3. Click OK. density. The measure is made on the selection. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The area. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. Select the blue pad as the body to be split.

The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Thick Surface icon . Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. Select the object you wish to thicken.7. If you need to reverse the arrow.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The surface is thickened. Click the Close Surface icon . Select the surface to be closed. Click OK. that is the extrude element. The surface is closed .2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. INITIAL 3. just click it.INITIAL 3. In the geometry area. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click OK. 46 .7.

Click the Sew Surface icon . indicating the object to be sewn. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Click the arrow to reverse the direction. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.INITIAL FINAL 3. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. The surface is sewn onto the body.7. Some material has been removed. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK.

8. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. indicating that it is the active body. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. if you wish to combine them. Removing Bodies. Assembling Bodies.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. The result is immediate. Click the Insert Body icon. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .3. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. You will notice that Part Body and Body. Click OK to confirm.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. To assemble them.x" in the specification tree. When your part includes several bodies. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body.x are autonomous. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. material has been added. 3. This is your new Part Body. Trimming Bodies. Intersecting Bodies. It is underlined. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. 3. INITIAL 48 . By default. It allows you to create complex geometry. During the operation. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body.8. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. Now.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part.

By default.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body.8. Click the Add icon . the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . Adding a body to another one means uniting them.FINAL 3. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.

You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body. Click OK. INITIAL FINAL 50 .Part Body.1 has been removed.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. 4. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. The General tab appears. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. they will not be deleted. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. Click the Infrastructure category. Update. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. you often need to select other elements as inputs. and their origins when you are editing these elements. Select the Tools -> Options command.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. Geometry.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. When creating a geometric element..This task shows you how to set general settings. command Click the Infrastructure category.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. containing three categories of options: External References. The Options dialog box is displayed. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. which means that if they are shared by other features. Select the Tools -> Options. External References.9. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. When selecting a sketch as 54 . 3. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. Delete Operation . Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. The tab appears. and Delete Operation.. then Display tab.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies.. Update. copied elements for example. you just need to use the Isolate command.

2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Click the Planes Repetition icon . The Planes Between dialog box appears.3 Creating Polylines 55 . Select a curve or a Point on curve. in only one operation. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. some restrictions apply.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow.the input element. 4. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . 4. depending on the feature you are creating. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click OK to create the planes. If you check the with end points option. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). 4.

the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Three points. The circle (identified as Circle.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Click the Circle icon . For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Two points and radius. Enter all input as specified. Center and point. Bitangent and point . 4. Bitangent and radius .Tritangent. Click the Polyline icon . 56 . These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Enter a Radius value. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. The Circle Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree.

5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. 57 . The Spline Definition dialog box appears. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. Add a point before the selected point. and select a support.4. You can select the Geometry on support check box. Click the Spline icon . Replace the selected point by another point. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. Remove the selected point.

The reference elements must lie on this support.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. 4. Starting Angle. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Orientation. Select the Support surface. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the corner. such as coils and springs for example. Several solutions may be possible. The corner will be created between these two references. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Select two curves as reference element.4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Taper Angle. Click the Helix icon . Select a starting point and an axis. Click OK to create the helix. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Profile. Height. Enter a Radius value.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. 58 . Click the Corner icon . You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution.

that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Spiral icon . Click the Connect Curve icon . that is a in 2D plane.4.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Tangency or Curvature. Click OK to create the connect curve. that is the distance from the Center point. when the spiral is defined by an angle. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. 4. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves.Define the spiral's Orientation. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. along the Reference direction. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. Specify the Start radius value.

The projection is added to the specification tree. Click the Projection icon .4. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Click the Conic icon . Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. 4. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support element. Select the element to be projected. The projection may be normal or along a direction. hyperbolas or ellipses. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. 60 . You can select several elements to be projected. passing points or tangents.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. Click OK to create the projection element.

A Face.Fill in the conic curve parameters. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. Click the Intersection icon . The intersection is displayed.) 4. lines. etc. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. A Contour. Avoid using input elements. Point.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the two elements to be intersected. 61 . This element (identified as Intersect. Click OK to create the intersection element. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points.

Geometry with no history is called a datum. Click OK to create the surface. lofting and sweeping.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. 62 . The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. 4.13.4. Click the Extrude icon .1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction.

There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis.4. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . The spherical surface is based on a center point. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. Click the Revolve icon . an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation.13. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. 4. Click OK to create the surface. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere.13. and angular limits.

You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account.dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the surface. Click OK to create the surfaces. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. Click Apply to preview the surface. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Select the surface to be offset. along 64 . 4. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. one on each side of the reference surface. Click the Offset icon .4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Select the center point of the sphere. 4.13.13. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator.

one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. With reference surface. Click the Sweep icon . With reference curve. Click the Sweep icon . select a Second Guide. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. you can select a reference Surface. With draft direction. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. If needed. In the Smooth sweeping section. Click the Sweep icon . 65 . you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. select a Spine. Limit and middle. If needed. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. Click the Explicit profile icon. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value.xxx) is added to the specification tree. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Line profile icon. then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click OK to create the swept surface. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. With tangency surface. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. Select a Guide curve. If no spine is selected. Click the Circle icon. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. The five possible cases are Two limits. The surface (identified as Sweep.

Click the Sweep icon . and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Two guides. Four guides. Click the Conic icon. Click the Loft icon . This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. Replace the selected element by another curve. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Three guides. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Click the Fill icon . Select one or two section curves. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Select a passing point. Click OK to create the swept surface. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves.13. such as parabolas.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the swept surface. Five guides.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Remove the selected element. Select guide curves. If 66 . 4. hyperbolas or ellipses.xxx) is added to the specification tree. and enter a radius value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the fill surface. and then use the combo to choose the subtype.13. If not. The surface (identified as Sweep. 4. the results may be inconsistent. The surface (identified as Sweep. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.

select one or more guide curves. translating and rotating. In that case. taking a number of constraints into account. 4. Click OK. Several coupling types are available. 4. or on none. 67 . It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. Tangency. End extremity.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. None. A preview of the split appears. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. continuity. The Split Definition dialog box appears. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Tangency then curvature. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. then the second curve and its support. Click the Split icon . Set the tension type using the Tension tab. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities.xxx) is added to the specification tree. In the Spine tab page. Select the cutting element. such as tension. Successively select the first curve and its support.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming.13. Start extremity. 4. The surface (identified as Blend. on both.14. Vertices. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. and so forth.needed. Select the element to be split. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. You can select several cutting elements. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Click the Blend icon . only on the End section. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element.

You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. In that case it appears as a separate Split. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. Click OK to split the element.14. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. 4. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. Click the Trim icon . 68 .xxx) is added to the specification tree.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.xxx element in the specification tree. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. A preview of the trimmed element appears.

4. without deleting the initial element. The extracted element (identified as Extract. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. points. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. and so forth.). This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves.14. Click OK to extract the element. Select a Surface edge. 4. Click the Extract icon . No propagation. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. solids. 69 . The selected element is highlighted. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. a point on the curve for example. Click the Boundary icon . Click OK to create the boundary curve. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. or Tangent continuity. Select an edge or the face of an element.14.

Click the Translate icon . Click the Rotate icon . or more. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. 4. Select a line as the rotation axis. Click the Symmetry icon . Select the scaling reference point. 4. 4. plane or planar surface. Click the Affinity icon .14.14.xxx) is added to the specification tree. line or surface element.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.14.14. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Select the element to be rotated. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click OK to create the scaled element. Select a point. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.4. Click the Scaling icon . The element (identified as Translate . Select the element to be translated. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.14. 4. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. line or plane as reference element. Click OK to create the translated element.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Click OK to create the rotated element. point. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Select the Vector Definition.

Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Other options available are Simplify the result. Click the Join icon.14. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Click the Extrapolate icon . Y. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature.operation. Z values.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Select a surface Boundary. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. federation. Ignore erroneous elements.14.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. 4. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Sub-Elements To Remove. Click OK to create the affinity element. 71 . Merging distance. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Angle Tolerance. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. 4.

14.4. Select the surface which limits should be restored. 72 . Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. Click OK in the dialog box. From the Parameters tab. A progression bar is displayed. Select the surface which limits should be restored. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. The surface (identified as Heal. Select the surfaces to be healed.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. you can retain sharp edges. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Click the Healing icon.14. 4.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. while the surface is restored. You can also set the Distance objective. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. by clicking the Sharpness tab. Provided the Tangent mode is active. and selecting one or more edges.xxx) is added to the specification tree. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. Click OK to create the healed surfaces.

The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. fill the gaps.4. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. that can be manipulated independently. A resulting element can be made of several cells. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). while the surface is being disassembled.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. Click the Curve Smooth icon . A progression bar is displayed. Select the curve to be smoothed. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. manual update. To update a part.e. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. The selected element is disassembled. Select the element to be disassembled. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies.14. 73 . Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. that is to say independent elements are created. 4. Click OK in the dialog box. A progression bar indicates the . To warn you that an update is needed.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. and type of discontinuity (point. i. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. To update the part.14. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red.

incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. In the specification tree. 4. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. select the branch of your choice. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to move the open body to the new body.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. It is underlined. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. inserting open body entities. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. 4.4. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . The Change Body dialog box appears. This involves.x. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. CATIA displays this new Open_body. indicating that it is the active open body. removing open body entities and changing body.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. The result is immediate. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. in the specification tree.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree.

Set the correct options: Max. when combined with other products such as Part Design. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . Select a curve.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. according to given directions. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. if it was visible.xxx) is added to the specification tree. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. or a pad. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. if it was hidden. The open body or it’s content is hidden. edges or faces). Advance commands in GSD are as follows. or becomes visible.command. Click the Extremum icon . Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. Min. 5. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. 5. 5. a surface. The point (identified as Extremum. Click OK.

Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Click OK to create the spine. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Max angle. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Click OK to create the extremum point. Click OK. lofted. Min angle. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. is added to the specification tree. the results can be: Min radius. on a planar contour. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . or filleted surfaces. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. The spine is displayed. 76 . Click the Polar Extremum icon .xxx). The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Successively select planes. a point in this case. 5. Depending on the selected computation type. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Max radius. Click Preview. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. Click Preview. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. You can also select a start point. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create a spine.

The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. The combine (identified as Combine. Select the reference Curve to be offset. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. select the support surface and a direction.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Key in an angle. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.xxx) is added to the specification tree.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines.5. Click OK to create the element. 5. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Successively select the two curves to be combined. Click the Combine icon . whether closed or open.

You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. 6. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. The Reference surface is optional. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Options dialog box is displayed. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. When designing the profile to be swept.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. Select points on guide to add other sections. Assembly Design 78 . These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Select the Guiding curve. The General tab displays. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. 5. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . Select the Tools -> Options command. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears.5.

The structure of your assembly now 79 .2. The Product2 (Product2. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. 6. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. 6. In the specification tree. you need products. To create an assembly.2 Inserting a Components 6. In the specification tree. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. 6.2.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. 6. You can use parts to create products.2.3 Inserting a New Part icon. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.1).2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.1) is created in the . Those products can in turn be used to create other products.

6. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. If geometry exists in the assembly.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. check x-axis. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. on another component for example. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . 6. Click OK to create the components. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. In the specification tree. However. The application previews the location of the new components.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. Select the component you wish to instantiate. The operation is very simple. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . The result is immediate.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. 6. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . you should keep in mind the 80 . To define the direction of creation.

indicating orientations. The components involved and their status are indicated.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Select the second face to be constrained.5. Double-clicking activates it.5. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. coaxiality or coplanarity. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. As the contact constraint is created. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Depending on the selected elements. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Same.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Select the faces to be constrained. Green graphic symbols are 81 . The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). 6. The selected component is orange framed (default color). Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . Select the face to be constrained. 6. opposite. you may obtain concentricity. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. Click the Contact Constraint icon .

The components involved and their status are indicated. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. By fixing its position according to other components. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Keep the Angle option. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon .5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. 6. When setting an angle constraint. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. Note that four sectors are available: constraint.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. 6. Click the Angle Constraint icon . Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Select the faces to be constrained. you will have to define an angle value. This constraint is added to the specification tree. In the dialog box that appears.5. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). Click OK to create the offset constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). that is the light blue . Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. 6. The constraint is created. Select the component to be fixed. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. click More to expand the dialog box. which means setting a relative position. 82 .3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. This operation is referred to as "Fix". which means setting an absolute position.5. Click OK to create the angle component.5. Click the Offset Constraint icon .

Angle and Parallelism. You can select any constraints. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.5. displays all possible constraints. but they must belong to the active component. Click OK to confirm. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Coincidence. Select the two entities to be constrained.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. displaying the list of selected components. In the Name field. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together.5. The Fix Together dialog box appears. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. not necessarily in the active component. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Click the Fix Together icon . You can select as many components as you wish. Click the Change Constraint icon . 6. The first constraint in the list can now be set. 6. 83 . 6. Select the constraint to be changed.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Offset. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Select the new type of constraint. The Change Type dialog box that appears. Moving one of them moves the other one too. Click OK to validate the operation.5. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. The components are attached to each other. Move the fixed component. Click OK. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only.

Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. To do so. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice.6. indicating they need an update. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated.5. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Click the Reuse Pattern icon .9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. Click the Update icon whole assembly. The constraints are in black. Select the Tools -> Options command. Select any activated constraint. The default color is black. 6. cut & paste the original component. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. create a new instance. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. three options are available: Reuse the original component.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. The assembly is updated. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. 6. 84 . The constraint is deactivated. Using no associativity: the option is off.

Depending on the selected elements. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. 6. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.1" is displayed below this entity. The third row is reserved for rotations.8. If you use the option "generated constraints". You can rotate your component around the x. yz and xz planes. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. 6.8. y or z-axis.xx" is displayed in the tree.Click OK to repeat the second component. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. 85 .8 Moving Components 6. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. You can move your component along the x. you will obtain different results.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component.

3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. The point is projected onto the plane. 86 . Optionally.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points.8. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. The section plane is automatically created. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. The plane passes through the line. invert the normal vector of the plane. Click the Sectioning icon. move and rotate the section plane. edge. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. 6. The point is projected onto the line. Z. The line is projected onto the plane. also appears. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. it creates constraints. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. reference plane or cylinder axis). A Preview window. Both lines become collinear. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. 6. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. showing the generated section.

6. keep in mind the following.10. Perform the required modifications. Add. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . Click the Create Scene icon . the graphical attributes of the components. Click OK to confirm. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. For instance modify: viewpoint. If the arrows point in the wrong direction.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. The active product at least must include two components. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. Perform a Symmetry. To edit an assembly split. show-no show. Remove. double-click 'Assembly Split. 6. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. which in turn must contain one part at least.X' in assembly features available in history tree. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. Click Ok to end the scene creation.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Within a scene. Pocket. Hole.6. click them to reverse the direction. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. graphical attributes. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint.

they were in the initial product. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. keep the selection as it is. 6. Click Apply to check for interferences. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Keep it. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Inside one selection. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Between two selections. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Selection against all. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. if necessary. Click Apply to perform the operation. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Four computation types are available: Between all components. 88 . Set the explode type. 3D is the default type. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. 6. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Keep All levels set by default. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Click the Explode icon .

containing three categories of options: External References. Constraint Creation.14.. The General tab appears. Update and Delete Operation 6. Select Tools -> Options..6. Click the Mechanical Design category. 89 . displaying the following options: Update. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. command. Move components. Quick Constraint. 6.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Click the Mechanical Design category. Access to geometry. then the Assembly Design subcategory.14. The General tab appears. Click the Infrastructure category. then the Assembly Design subcategory.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options.14.

A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet..7. as well as information on the drawing standards. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. Select the 90 . interactive or generated views.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. 7. Select the Drafting workbench. from the menu bar. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. Click OK.. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. You may also add. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. 7. .Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet.

4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. the view to be created is framed in green. until you click at the desired view location. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. 91 .3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. If you click this view. 7. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. Select the 1:1 scale. The non-active views are framed in blue. or the A0 ISO format. 7. select the ISO standard. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. and click OK. From the New Drawing dialog box. The new sheet automatically appears.Drawing workbench. When you create a view. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. Even though you then delete sheet1. The active view is framed in red. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. Select the orientation type. and then click OK.

before the generated view(s) is/are updated. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. You can update all views or a selection of views. a previewed projection 92 . Any modification applied to the specifications. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. As you move the cursor. 7. relatively to the front view previously generated. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. is detected. 7. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar).5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). Blue arrows appear. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. Click the Drawing window.Start creating the front view. respectively. Select object. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Click on sheet to place front view. You can perform an update.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). Right-click the frame of the view.

7. Click the Drawing window. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. Click to position the auxiliary view.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. together with the top view. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. 7. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. In sectioning through irregular objects. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. 93 . Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. This auxiliary view. Click to position the callout. for example the right view position. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Click an edge on the view.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. you can. completely describes the object. at any time. use Undo or Redo icons. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane.

Click the Drawing window. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. You can modify this scale. Double click to end the cutting profile creation.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. and click the Aligned Section Cut . The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. 7. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Click the callout center. 7. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Click to generate the view. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . In order to include in a section certain angled elements. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Click the Drawing window. Click to generate the detail view. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view).11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. In this particular case. Click the Drawing window.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. you will select the Clipping 94 . Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Or. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout.7. the dialog is exactly the same.

Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. as well as blue manipulators appear. Click the first point of the breakout profile. 7. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. Double-click to end 95 . or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. If needed. 7.Profile View icon . Click on the sheet. Red zones appear.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. the left. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. the right. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. 7. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Click the 3D part. Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. translate the profile. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. Click the Drawing window. the top. A breakout view is often a partial section.

7. Left view and Right view). Bottom view. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). or all views in the drawing. Once you are satisfied. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. 7. and right-click them. Click the Drawing window.18 Scaling a View 96 .the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. 7. From the contextual menu. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. views are by default linked to the parent view. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Select the CATPart document. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. At creation. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Click next add any other view if required. the Top view. select Selected objects -> isolate. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. 7. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Click to position the left view. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. transforming a generated view into an interactive view.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear.

you can pre-define the position.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. or parts list. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. right-click the detail view. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. double-click the front view.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. 7. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. In this particular case. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. The detail view is updated. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. This view is now active. Before positioning the Bill of Material. Click OK. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. Balloons generated 7. For modifying the detail and section callout. This Bill of Material. 7. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . In this case. section views and section cuts. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. 97 . go to Product Structure workbench. If needed. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. if you are in the background view.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu.

The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. the section view is automatically updated. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. only sketched constraints are generated. On views including more dimensions. 3. Then click OK in this Pattern table. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. Double-click the callout to be modified. distance. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. 7. Right-click the pattern to be modified. On the view for which the dimension are generated.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. 4.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. diameter Angle. 7.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. On the view with a bigger scale. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. distance The dimensions below: 98 . 2. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. radius. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. For example.

The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). angle. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. Dimensions 99 . or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. 7. to start the dimension generation. by default.23. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). In the case of drawings with several views. dimensions are generated on all the views.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. radius and diameter.23. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. there is only one) is automatically displayed.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Click OK to close the dialog box. length. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part.

text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. 7. If you select an element. Select an element (geometry.24 Creating a Datum Feature . Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point).Click the Not Generated option . Click OK when you're done. The datum feature is created. dimension. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. If you select a point in the free space. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). This task will show you how to create a datum feature.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. The geometrical tolerance is created. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Enter the desired character string. Click OK. the anchor point will be an arrow. the anchor point will be a small balloon. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). no leader will be created. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. on the contrary. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. If you select a dimension or a text. not generated. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. 100 . if needed.

26. 101 . You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. dimension text.26. such as font style. Set the properties of a text. and select Text Properties. etc. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. If needed. text with leader. size. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text.7. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. Text properties can be applied to text. balloon and datum target. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. Choose View -> Toolbars. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. 7. A red frame appears. justification.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element.26 Annotations 7.

Select an element. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Ra=1. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. 7. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Create a balloon by selecting an edge.26.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Enter values in the desired field(s). 7. If needed. 102 . For example.26. Click OK. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. On this CATProduct document. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed.26. You can enter another string or value as needed. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click OK. Open any CATProduct document. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). Click to define the balloon anchor point.7. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Go over one of the part with your cursor. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field.6. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon.

Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The line height corresponds to the height of a string. modify the geometry-welding symbol. Click OK. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7. Click the icon to launch the command. 7.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. The welding leader will appear. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. merges cells. insert columns. import a table.26. Click OK. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. invert columns. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. switch lines and columns.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table.26. You can also split a table. and insert a view in a table. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. you can add text. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. Select the two elements. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing.27 Editing Properties 103 . The welding symbol is created. rows.7. and then click to validate. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. In this table. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. Click ok to validate the creation.26. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. If needed. 7. and insert views. If needed. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. invert lines.

Click OK. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. no more modification allowed in the view. 3D spec. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. dress-up elements. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. 3D Colors.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Axis. you can create a formula for the view name. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Choose the View tab. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Center line. Lines and Curves option. Click the Graphic Tab. Choose your options. Lock view: if you check this option. 3D Points. edit annotation font properties. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. 3D Wireframe. Dress up: Hidden lines. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Fillets. Thread. Scale: the scale of the view. Among other things. if needed. if needed.

then select the Edit-> Properties command. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. The Options dialog box appears. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. In other words. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. Modify the available options. The associated panel is displayed. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. edit dimension value properties. or leader). click the Font tab. frame. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Modify the available options. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Select the Tools->Options command. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. 105 . The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. Grid: To define your grid. if needed. if needed. 7. edit dimension text properties. In the Properties dialog box that appears. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. This option is used to rotate text elements (text.

The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). you can choose to visualize the view axis. To activate this mode. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. when you update the drawing. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. following it dynamically during the creation process. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. View axis: When you activate a view. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. As a result. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Select the Dimension tab in Options. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. In addition. the dimension is automatically re-computed. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part.

Project 3D wireframe. Project 3D points. 107 . Generate threads. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. either or not using SmartPick. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Select the Generation tab. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Generate centerlines. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet .You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Horizontality and verticality. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. then the balloon will be generated twice. Properties option. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Alignment. Parallelism. Apply 3D specification. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. perpendicularity and tangency. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. the Create detected constraints option is not available. end points included. Generate fillet. Analysis after generation. if a component is used two times within a product. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Hidden lines. Filters before generation. View tab): Generate axis. Allow automatic transfer between views. Automatic positioning after generation. Select the Geometry tab. 3D colors inheritance.

Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. Select the Layout tab. For this before callout creation check this option.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. Constraint diagnostics. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. scaling factor or frame to appear. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. and only visualized by. It is not used for creating solid primitives. This element is used as positioning reference. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. f)Annotations 108 . Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. you can define that you want or not the view name. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. the following dialog box appears. As a result. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. the sketch. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing.

Press OK. according to the orientation. as you will choose to load the referenced document. no matter what the view scale is. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. 109 . In this particular case. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. It is now possible to customize the settings. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Activate the settings. Press OK.You can customize given options when creating annotations.. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. command. 7. press the shift key.. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Select the Annotation tab. Select the Edit->Links command. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. or both.

Force Dimension on Element. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. To modify these colors.8.2 Creating Views 110 . Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. 8. Snap to Point. Create Constraints. Create Detected Constraints. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. View. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. True Length Dimension 8. if needed.

Right-click the view used as reference. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. In other words. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. In this case. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. a left view and a right view. Click the Drawing window. Press OK.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Click the New View icon . For this. A blue axis displays in a red frame. you can create: a top view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. In other words. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). Click the Profile icon and create 111 . The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. by double-clicking on this view.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. a bottom view. 8. From an active front view. dimensions. For example. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. modified in this dialog box. double-click on this isometric view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Press OK. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. The view plane can be defined and if needed. This is true for any kind of view. 8. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry.

ellipse.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. 8. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. if needed. hyperbola. using the ObjectAction mode. the object to be projected. At any time. Select. select an arc of a circle in the front view. In this case. using the Action-Object mode. circle. using the Action-Object mode. 112 . in another view. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. Select more elements to be projected. and then transformed into the receiving view. Add elements to an existing view. You will first add elements to an existing view.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. select a circle in the top view. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. In this case. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. curve). parabola.

Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. Make the isometric view active (double-click).Create an isometric view from scratch. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. select the whole front view. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. In this case. Select the object defining the view to be created. 113 . using the Object-Action mode.

choose Properties. You can reframe any type of view: front views. Click OK. a configuration.8. In the contextual menu. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. isometric views. 8. The frame can only be rectangular. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 .6 Reframing a View In this task. a distance constraint. If you want constraints to be created. a mode: measured or constraining mode. etc. clipping views. as you want. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. select the Visual Clipping check box. Select the view and right-click the view frame. Click on the frame to select it. In the Visualization and Behavior area. Click the View tab. details views. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view.

The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. click in the drawing. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. When creating dimensions on elements. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. you can only create constraints between similar elements. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. In other words. you can preview the dimensions to be created. 8. these relations will be taken into account. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. On the Dimensioning toolbar. 8. If you choose this constraint. In other words. If needed. or between generated elements. Click a first element in the view. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. but not between a mix of these. click a second element in the view. The software proposes you parallelism by default.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. In the Constraint Definition dialog box.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. click the Dimensions icon. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. 8. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. you will learn how to create dimensions.

e. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements.toolbar). and then the second element. 8. 8. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. you can also access the Properties options. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). click the centerline. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. Click to validate the dimension creation. i. 116 . b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Select a circle. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select the reference line. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Select the dimension. Red end points appear.

part-generated elements. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Click the Drawing window. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. In the Pattern dialog box. The thread is created. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). from the (Tools toolbar). part-sketched. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. Click the Drawing window. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). In this particular case. The axis line is created. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. Select the Reference Thread type option line. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. The Tap type option activated by default. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. The axes and centerlines are created. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. you will apply a thread to a hole. generated elements. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. dotting or coloring). The thread is created according to this reference. . Select two lines.

A breakpoint is added to the arrow. To modify the position of the arrow. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). under the line. you can drag it to change the arrow path. 118 . The arrow and the selected object are associative. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. A contextual menu appears. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. Click the Drawing window. The arrow is created. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. Select Add a Breakpoint. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. For the purpose of this exercise. which represents the fillet edge. The Area Detection dialog box appears. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern.

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