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The adjective

It is marked but not inflected. Possessive It is not inflected and it is marked with (o)
adjectives show gender in their third for masculine and (a) for femenine. There
person singular. (his, her, its) are certain adjectives that belong to the
category of common gender when they
end in ‘e’ or in a consonant. (inteligente,
In the case of shortened forms, we have:
masculine: primer, San. Indistinctive:
gran, cien.


It is marked but not inflected. It is inflected.

A tall boy. Two tall boys.
Demonstratives are inflected in number: When the adj ends in a vowel, it adds ‘s’
these, those.
When the adj ends in a consonant, they
add ‘es’
When the adj ends in a stressed weak
vowel, they add ‘es’
There are no final consonantal clusters.

Degree of adjectives

Comparative – superlative Comparative – superlative

Three degrees: positive, comparative, Two degrees: positive and comp-sup. One
superlative. form of periphrastic ‘más’
2 inflected forms: -er, -est Más alta de, más alta que
2 periphrastic forms: more, most.
Irregular: good, bad. Irregular: bueno, malo.
Diminutives show closeness, affection, Diminutives:
insignificance, size.
-y: daddy, Tommy -ito: chiquitito, pobrecito
-ie: Susie, Auntie. -illo: potrillo, cigarrillo
-ette: cigarette, kitchenette. -ico: borrico
-et: booklet, piglet. -ejo: papelejo
-ling: duckling -uelo: chicuelo, pañuelo
-ín: chiquitín
-ete: colorete
Augmentatives: ------------- Augmentatives convey ugliness, size,
-ón: cabezón, cucharón
-azo: portazo, perrazo
-ota: palabrota
-acho: ricacho, populacho
-isimo: facilísimo.
Intensifiers Intensifiers
Very Muy
Super Super
Hiper Maxi
Over Re
Fairly, quite, rather + adj Réquete
Too, so, highly + adj Sobre