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com
‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻝ ‪ HYSYS‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ‪ HYPROTECH‬ﺃﺻﻼﹰ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬


‫ﻟﻠﻨﺠﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺣﻘﻘﻪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻨﺎﻓﺴﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻣﺠﺔ ﻓـﻲ ﻫـﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻝ ﻋﻠـﻲ ﺍﻟﺤـﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠـﻲ ﺣﻘـﻮﻕ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧـﺎﻣﺞ ﺣﺘـﻲ ﺗﻤﻜﻨـﺖ ﺷـﺮﻛﺔ‬
‫‪ ASPENTECH‬ﻣﻦ ﺷـﺮﺍﺀ ﺷـﺮﻛﺔ ‪ HYPROTECH‬ﻭﺃﺻـﺒﺤﺖ ﻟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺮﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺃﺗﻤﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻹﺿﺎﻓﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻝ ‪ HYSYS‬ﻣﻦ ﺃﻗﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ ﺍﻝ ‪ Simulation‬ﻭﺍﻝ‬


‫‪ Plant Design‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻝ ‪ Simulation‬ﻣـﻦ ﺣﻴـﺚ‬
‫ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪ Calculations‬ﻣﺠـﺮﺩ‬
‫ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺃﻗﻞ ‪ Data‬ﻟﻪ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺣﺘﻲ ﻳﺠﺮﻱ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﺘﻢ ‪ On Time‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻲ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻱ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻋﻠـﻲ ﺍﻝ ‪ Data‬ﻓﻬـﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Automatically‬ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺃﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻝ ‪ Error‬ﻓﻬﻲ‬
‫ﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﺟﺪﺍﹰ ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻲ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻫﺘﻔﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﻫﺘﻘﺪﺭ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻣـﺎ ﻫـﻮ ﺍﻝ ‪ Error‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿـﺎﻓﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺘﻤﻴﺰﻩ ﺏ ‪ Good Interface‬ﻋﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﺧﺮﻱ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺓ ﻭﺃﻳﻀﺎﹰ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳـﺪ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻱ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻼﺣﻈﻪ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﻫﻨﺎ‬

‫ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ «‬


‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫هﻨﺎ ﺳﻨﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬

‫ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺗﻨﺼﻴﺐ ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻛـﺎﻣﻼﹰ ﻛﻤـﺎ‬ ‫«ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ‬
‫ﺳﻨﺮﻱ ﻻﺣﻘﺎﹰ‬

‫ﻓﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻝ ‪ HYSYS‬ﻋﻨـﺪ‬ ‫«ﻭﻟﻮ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ‬


‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻱ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻭ ‪ modification‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﺘﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺻﻐﻴﺮ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺍﻧﺎ ﻋﺎﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﻫﻨﻼﻗﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺮﻩ ﺩﻱ ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻧﻨﺎ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻧﺎ ﻋﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﻬﺎ‬

‫ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺍﺧﺘـﺼﺎﺭ ﻝ‬ ‫«ﺃﻣـﺎ ﻟـﻮ ﻗﻤﻨـﺎ ﺑﺎﻟـﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠـﻲ‬


‫)‪ Development kit (DK‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻝ ‪ Modeler‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﺼﻤﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬
‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺜﻼﹰ ﻋﺎﻭﺯ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ‪Thermodynamic Property‬‬
‫ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﻳﺴﻬﻞ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻬﺎ ﻣﺜﻼﹰ‬

‫ﻓﻬــﻲ ﺧﺎﺻــﻪ ﺑــﺎﻝ ‪ License‬ﻭ ﺍﻝ‬ ‫«ﺃﻣــﺎ ﺩﻱ‬


‫‪Security‬‬
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‫ودﻟﻮﻗﺘﻲ ﻧﻜﻤﻞ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺘﻨﺼﻴﺐ‬

‫ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﻫﻨﺎ‬

‫ﺳﺘﺘﻢ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﻪ ﺗﻨﺼﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬


‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Next‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ‬


‫ﻣﺮﺓ ﺗﻈﻬﺮﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺩﻱ‬

‫وهﻨﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﺐ أي اﺳﻢ‬

‫ﻧﻴﺠﻲ ﺑﻘﻲ ﻷﻫﻢ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻫﻴﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ‬

‫ﻧﻼﺣ ﻆ هﻨ ﺎ ان اﻻﺧﺘﻴ ﺎر اﻟﺜ ﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻨ ﺸﻂ ﻟﻜ ﻦ‬


‫اﺣﻨ ﺎ هﻨﻌﻤ ﻞ اﻟﻌﻜ ﺲ هﻨ ﺸﻂ اﻻﺧﺘﻴ ﺎر اﻷول‬
‫ودﻩ ﻻﻧﻨﺎ هﻨﺸﺘﻐﻞ ﺑﺎل ‪CRACK‬‬
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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻨﺸﻴﻂ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Next‬ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺩﻱ‬

‫ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪CANCEL‬‬


‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺩﻱ ﻭﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﻚ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻘﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻝ ‪License‬‬


‫ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ‪OK‬‬

‫ﻧﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Next‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻨﺼﻴﺐ‬


‫ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬

‫وﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﻜ ﻮن ﻗ ﺪ اﻧﺘﻬﻴﻨ ﺎ ﻣ ﻦ ﺗﻨ ﺼﻴﺐ اﻟﺒﺮﻧ ﺎﻣﺞ‬


‫وﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻟﻨﺎ ال ‪ CRACK‬؟؟؟؟؟؟‬
‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻨﺼﻴﺐ ﺍﻝ ‪CRACK‬‬

‫ﻫﻨﻼﺣﻆ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧـﺎﻣﺞ ﻳﺤﺘـﻮﻱ ﻋﻠـﻲ ‪ Folder‬ﺍﺳـﻤﻪ‬


‫‪ Crack‬ﻭﺑﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻝ ‪ Folder‬ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ‪ 3 Files‬ﺍﺗﻨـﻴﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ‪ Crack‬ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻳﺸﺮﺡ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﻨﺼﻴﺒﻬﻢ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬

‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺷﻜﻠﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﺪﻩ‬

‫ﻭﺩﻩ ﻫﻨﻌﻤﻠﻪ ‪ Copy‬ﻭﻧﺮﻭﺡ ﻧﻌﻤﻠﻪ ‪ Paste‬ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬


‫‪Common Files‬‬‫§ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ‪? Program Files‬‬
‫? ‪?Shared ? Hyprotech‬ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﻫــﺬﺍ ﺍﻝ‬
‫‪ Folder‬ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ‪ Paste‬ﻟﻞ ‪ File‬ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬

‫ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﻫﻨﺎ‬
‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﺗﺎﻧﻲ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺷﻜﻠﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﺪﻩ‬

‫ﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﻫﻨﻌﻤﻠﻪ ‪ Copy‬ﻭﻧﺮﻭﺡ ﻧﻌﻤﻠﻪ ‪ Paste‬ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‪:‬‬

‫§ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ‪? Hyprotech ? Program Files‬‬


‫‪ ? HYSYS 3.1‬ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻝ ‪ Folder‬ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ‪Paste‬‬
‫ﻟﻞ ‪File‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺟﺎﻫﺰ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛـﺪ ﻣـﻦ‬


‫ﺫﻟﻚ‬

‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬

‫ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ‪ACTIVE‬‬
‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ ﻭﺍﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪:‬‬

‫ودﻩ ﺑﻘ ﻪ ه ﻮ اﻟﻤﻜ ﺎن‬


‫ﻣ ﻦ هﻨ ﺎ ﻧﻘ ﺪر ﻧﻔ ﺘﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﻠ ﻲ ﻧﻘ ﺪر ﻧﻌﻤ ﻞ ﻣﻨ ﻪ‬
‫‪ CASE‬ﺟﺪﻳ ﺪﻩ أو‬ ‫ﻣﻦ هﻨﺎ ﻧﻘ ﺪر ﻧﻔ ﺘﺢ ‪CASE‬‬ ‫‪SAVE‬‬
‫ﻧﻔﺘﺤﻬ ﺎ ﻣ ﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤ ﺔ‬ ‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة ﻋﻨﺪي أﺻ ً‬
‫‪FILE‬‬

‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ NEW CASE‬ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬


‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﻭﺩﻟﻮﻗﺘﻲ ﻧﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻛﻞ ‪ Tap‬ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻩ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺘﻬﺎ‬


‫ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ ﻧﺄﺧﺬ ﺍﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﺩﻱ ﺍﻫﻢ ‪ Tap‬ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻬـﺎ ﻧﻘـﺪﺭ‬ ‫§‬
‫ﻧــﻀﻴﻒ ﺍﻝ ‪ Components‬ﺑﺘﺎﻋﺘﻨــﺎ ﻭﺩﻩ ﻋﻜــﺲ ﺍﻝ‬
‫‪ CHEMCAD‬ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﻛﻨﺎ ﺑﻨﻀﻴﻒ ﻓﻴـﻪ ﺍﻝ ‪Components‬‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻲ ‪Simulation Environment‬‬
‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﻧ ﻀﻐﻂ هﻨ ﺎ ﻻﺿ ﺎﻓﺔ‬
‫ال ‪Components‬‬

‫ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﺩﻱ «‬
‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺀ ﺍﻻﻳﺴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻧﺮﻱ ﻫﺬﻩ‬

‫ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟ ﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻬ ﺎ ﺳ ﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﻤ ﺔ ﻓ ﻲ اﻟﺠﻬ ﻪ اﻟﻴﻤﻨ ﻲ‬


‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ ﺗﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﻠﻲ آﻞ اﻟﻤﺮآﺒﺎت اﻟﺘ ﻲ ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻳﻬ ﺎ‬
‫ال ‪ HYSYS‬آﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬

‫هﻨﺎ ﻧﻜﺘ ﺐ اﺳ ﻢ اﻟﻤﺮآ ﺐ ﺳ ﻮاء ﺑ ﺎل ‪ Sim Name‬أو ﺑ ﺎل‬


‫‪ Full Name‬أو ‪ Formula‬وﻟﻜ ﻦ ﻻزم ﻧﻌﻠ ﻢ ﻋﻠ ﻲ‬
‫اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘ ﻪ اﻟﻠ ﻲ هﻜﺘ ﺐ ﺑﻴﻬ ﺎ اﻻﺳ ﻢ وﻋﻨ ﺪ اﺧﺘﻴ ﺎر اﻟﻤﺮآ ﺐ‬
‫ﻧ ﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻪ ‪ Double Click‬ﺳ ﻴﻈﻬﺮ ﻓ ﻲ ﻗﺎﺋﻤ ﺔ‬
‫ال ‪ Selected Components‬وه ﺬا ﻳﻌﻨ ﻲ اﻧ ﻪ ﺗ ﻢ‬
‫اﺿﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬
‫‪eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com‬‬

‫وه ﻲ ﺗ ﻢ وﺿ ﻌﻬﺎ ﺑﻮاﺳ ﻄﺔ ﺷ ﺮآﺔ ‪ OLI‬وه ﻲ‬


‫ﺗﺤﺘ ﻮي ﻋﻠ ﻲ اﻟﻌﺪﻳ ﺪ ﻣ ﻦ ال ‪Electrolytes‬‬
‫ﻣﺜ ﻞ ‪CuBr2 or MgCrO4 or‬‬
‫‪CuSo4 …………….‬‬
‫وﻟﻜ ﻦ ﻟﺘﻨ ﺸﻴﻄﻬﺎ ﻻﺑ ﺪ ﺑﻌ ﺪ اﻟ ﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠ ﻲ‬
‫‪Electrolytes‬ﻣ ﻦ ﺗﻨ ﺸﻴﻂ ‪Full tap‬‬
‫آﺎﻵﺗﻲ‪:‬‬

‫وﻣ ﻦ ﺧﻼﻟ ﻪ ﻳ ﺘﻢ اﺿ ﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺮآ ﺐ اﻓﺘﺮاﺿ ﻲ وﻟﺘﻮﺿ ﻴﺢ‬


‫ﻼ ﺑﻨﻘ ﻮم ﺑﻌﻤﻠﻴ ﻪ ‪Distillation‬‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ ﻧﻔﺘ ﺮض اﻧﻨ ﺎ ﻣ ﺜ ً‬
‫وﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻨﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﻄﻔﺎت ﻟﻠﻤﺮآﺒﺎت ﻣﻦ ‪ C1‬اﻟـــ ـﻲ‬
‫‪ C6‬وﻟﻜ ﻦ ﻳﺘﻮاﺟ ﺪ ﻋﻨ ﺪي اﻳ ﻀ ًﺎ ﻣﺮآﺒ ﺎت اﻋﻠ ﻲ ﻣ ﻦ‬
‫‪ C7‬وﻟﻜ ﻦ ﻧ ﺴﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﺻ ﻐﻴﺮة ﺟ ﺪًا ﻟ ﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻨﺘﻌﺎﻣ ﻞ ﻣﻌﺎه ﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠ ﻲ اﻧﻬ ﺎ ﻣﺮآ ﺐ واﺣ ﺪ اﻓﺘﺮاﺿ ﻲ وﻧﻄﻠ ﻖ ﻋﻠﻴ ﻪ اي‬
‫اﺳﻢ وﻟﻴﻜﻦ ‪ C7+‬وﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪﻩ آﺎﻵﺗﻲ‪:‬‬
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‫ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﻫﻨﺎ‬

‫ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﺩﻱ «‬

‫هﻨ ﺎ ﻧﻜﺘ ﺐ اﺳ ﻢ اﻟﻤﺮآ ﺐ‬


‫اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻲ وﻟﻴﻜﻦ ‪C7+‬‬

‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇ ﺔ‪ :‬ﻻﺑ ﺪ ﻣ ﻦ ﺗﺤﺪﻳ ﺪ اﺣ ﺪ‬


‫ال ‪ Critical Properties‬ﻟﻬ ﺬا‬
‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺐ اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿ ﻲ وذﻟ ﻚ ﺑﺎﻟ ﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠ ﻲ‬
‫هﺬﻩ ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﻣﻨﻬ ﺎ ﻧﺤ ﺪد ﻗﻴﻤ ﺔ ه ﺬﻩ‬
‫ال ‪Critical Property‬‬
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‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻝ ‪ Tap‬ﺗﺴﻤﻲ ‪Fluid Package‬‬


‫ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳـﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟـﻪ ﺃﻭ ‪EOS (Equation Of‬‬
‫)‪ State‬ﺍﻟﺘــﻲ ﻳــﺘﻢ ﻣــﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻬــﺎ ﻋﻤــﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪Flash‬‬
‫‪ Calculations‬ﻭﻫـــﻲ ﻳـــﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳـــﺪﻫﺎ ﻭﻓﻘـــﺎﹰ‬
‫ﻟﻞ ‪ Components‬ﺑﺘﻌﺘﻲ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻥ ﻛﻞ ‪ Fluid Pkg‬ﻳـﺘﻢ‬
‫ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ ﻝ ‪ range‬ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﻓﻲ ‪ range‬ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻝ ‪ Tap‬ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﺩﻱ «‬

‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻧ ﻀﻐﻂ هﻨ‬


‫ﻻﺿﺎﻓﺘﻬﺎ‬
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‫ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﺩﻱ «‬

‫ﻣ ﻦ هﻨ ﺎ ﻧﺨﺘ ﺎر‬
‫ال ‪Fluid Pkg‬‬
eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com

We have a stream containing 15% ethane, 20% propane,


60% i-butane and 5% n-butane at 50°F and atmospheric
pressure, and a flow rate of 100 lbmole/hr. This stream
is to be compressed to 50 psia, and then cooled to 32°F.
The resulting vapor and liquid are to be separated as the
two product streams. What are the flow rates and
compositions of these two streams?

‫ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺜـﺎﻝ ﺍﻟـﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﻧـﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺒـﺎﺕ‬9


Ethan , Propane , i-Butane & ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻩ ﻫﻲ‬
n-Butane
‫ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻪ ﻫﻲ‬Equipments ‫ ﻭﺍﻝ‬9
Compressor, Cooler & Separator
‫ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ‬Conditions ‫ ﻭﺍﻳﻀﺎﹰ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻝ‬9
‫ﺍﻭﻻﹰ ﻫﻨﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻋﺎﺩﻱ ﺫﻱ ﻣﺎ ﻭﺿﺤﻨﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺒـﺪﺃ‬
‫ ﻋـﺎﺩﻱ‬Components ‫ ﻭﻧﺒـﺪﺃ ﻧـﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻝ‬New Case
:‫ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬
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‫ﻧﺴﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﻘﻮل ﺣﺎﺟﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ وهﻲ ان اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ دﻩ ﻣﺶ ذي اي‬


‫ﻼ ﻣﺪﺧﻠﻨﺎال ‪Components‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻋﺎدي ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻲ اﻧﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺜ ً‬
‫ﻣﺶ هﻨﻼﻗﻲ ‪ OK‬ﻋﻠﺸﺎن ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﺸﺎن ﻳﺤﻔﻆ اﻟﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎﻩ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺠﺮد ﻣﺎﻳﺘﻢ ﻏﻠﻖ هﺬﻩ اﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺣﻔﻆ‬
‫اﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮات‪.‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴًﺎ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ال ‪ Fluid Package‬وهﻲ ‪Peng Robinson‬‬
‫آﺎﻵﺗﻲ‪:‬‬

‫ﻧﻼﺣﻆ اﻧﻬﺎ ﻇﻬﺮت هﻨﺎ‬

‫ﻓ ﻲ آﻤ ﺎن ﺣﺎﺟ ﻪ ﻣﻬﻤ ﺔ وه ﻲ ﻃ ﻮل ﻣﺎاﻧ ﺎ‬


‫ﻣﺎﺷ ﻲ داﻳﻤ ﺎ ﻋﻴﻨ ﻲ ﻋﻠ ﻲ ه ﺬا اﻟﺠ ﺰء‬
‫اﻻﺻ ﻔﺮ ﻻﻧ ﻪ ﺑﻴﻘ ﻮﻟﻲ اﻩ اﻟﻠ ﻲ ﻧ ﺎﻗﺺ واﻩ‬
‫اﻟﻠﻲ اﻟﻤﻔﺮوض اﻋﻤﻠﻪ اﻟﺨﻄ ﻮﻩ اﻟﻠ ﻲ ﺟﺎﻳ ﻪ‬
‫ﻳﻌﻨ ﻲ ﻳﻌﺘﺒ ﺮ ‪ Guide Line‬ﺑﺎﻟﻨ ﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻴ ﺎ‬
‫واﻧﺎ ﺷﻐﺎل‬
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‫ﺑﻌﺪ آﺪﻩ ﻧﻀﻐﻂ هﻨﺎ‬

‫ﺩﻱ ﻫﻲ ﻭﺍﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬

‫ﺧﻼﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺣﻨﺎ ﺷﻐﺎﻟﻴﻦ ﻫﻨﻌﺮﻑ ﻛﻞ ﺣﺎﺟـﻪ‬


‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺩﻱ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻩ؟؟؟؟؟؟؟!!!!!‬
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‫دي ﺑﻨﻘﻮل ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ال ‪ Palette‬وﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬


‫‪ Equipments‬اﻟﻠ ﻲ‬ ‫آ ﻞ ال‬
‫هﻨﺤﺘﺎﺟﻬﺎ‬

‫ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪ Stream‬ﺑﺘﺎﻉ ﺍﻝ‪ Feed‬ﻫﻨﻼﺣﻆ ﺍﻥ ﻋﻨـﺪﻧﺎ‬


‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝ‪ Palette‬ﺷﻜﻠﻴﻦ ﻟـﻞ‪ Stream‬ﻭﺍﺣـﺪ ﻟﻮﻧـﻪ ﺍﺣﻤـﺮ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺯﺭﻕ ﻧﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻴﻦ ؟؟؟؟؟؟؟‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻝ ‪ Chemcad‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻓـﻲ‬
‫‪Stream‬ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﻟﻞ ‪ Feed‬ﻭﺁﺧﺮ ﻟﻞ ‪Product‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﺩﻩ ﺧــﺎﺹ ﺑــﺪﺧﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻝ ‪ Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠــﻲ ﻟﻮﻧــﻪ ﺍﺯﺭﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻟﻞ ‪ Feed‬ﻭﺍﻝ‪ Product‬ﻋﻠـﺸﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻛﺪﻩ ﺑﻨﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ‪ Material Stream‬ﺃﻣـﺎ ﺍﻝ ‪Stream‬‬
‫ﻓـﺪﻩ ﺧـﺎﺹ ﺑـﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺧـﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﻟﻮﻧـﻪ ﺍﺣﻤـﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻝ‪ Energy‬ﻋﻠﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺪﻩ ﺑﻨﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ‪.Energy Stream‬‬
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‫ﻧﺮﺟﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﺑﺘﺎﻋﻨﺎ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ‪) Material Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠـﻲ‬


‫ﻟﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺯﺭﻕ( ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ ‪ Palette‬ﻋـﻦ ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ ﺍﻣـﺎ ‪Double‬‬
‫‪ Click‬ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻋﻤـﻞ ‪ Drag and Drop‬ﻟـﻪ ﺩﺍﺧـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻝ‪Simulation Environment‬‬

‫ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ‪ Double Click‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﺩﻱ‪:‬‬

‫ﻣﻌﻠﺶ ﺍﻧﺎ ﻋﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻥ ﻛﺪﻩ ﺑﻘﻲ ﻣﻤﻞ ﺑﺲ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﻩ ﻻﺯﻡ‬


‫ﻧﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻣﺠﺮﺩ ﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﻲ‬
‫ﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﺍﻝ ‪ VÉÅÑÉÇxÇàá‬ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮﺕ ﺍﻝ ‪ YÄâ|w ctv~tzx‬ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺒﻘﻲ ﺍﺣﻨﺎ ﻋﺎﺭﻓﻴﻦ ﺗﻤﺖ ﺍﺯﺍﻱ‬
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‫ﻧﺒ ﺪأ ﻧ ﺪﺧﻞ اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧ ﺎت وﻋﻨﻴﻨ ﺎ داﻳﻤ ًﺎ ﻋﻠ ﻲ‬


‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻄﻴﻞ اﻷﺻﻔﺮ‬

‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺔ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ‬

‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ ‪Flash Calculations on‬‬


‫‪ stream‬ﻭﻫﻲ«‬
‫• ‪ Pressure – Temperature‬ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻧـﻲ ﺍﺩﺧﻠـﻪ‬
‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻛﻺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻭﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻝ ‪Vapor Fraction‬‬
‫• ‪ Vapor Fraction – Pressure‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﺩﺧﻠﻪ ﻗـﻴﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻝ‪ VF‬ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻭﻳﺤﺴﺐ ﻫﻮ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ‬
‫• ‪ Vapor Fraction – Temperature‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﺩﻳﻠـﻪ‬
‫ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻝ ‪VF‬ﻭﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﻳﺤﺴﺐ ﻫﻢ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ‪.‬‬
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‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﺑﺘﺎﻋﻨﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﻲ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻭﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤـﺮﺍﺭﺓ‬


‫ﻫﻨﺪﺧﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﻗـﺪﺍﻣﻲ ﻫـﺘﻼﺣﻆ‬
‫ﺣﺎﺟﻪ ﺣﻠﻮﺓ ﻗﻮﻱ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻧـﻚ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻣﺎﺗﻜﺘـﺐ ﻗﻴﻤـﺔ ﺩﺭﺟـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻣﺜﻼﹰ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺟﻨﺒﻬﺎ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺻﻐﻴﺮ ﺗﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟـﻪ ﺗﺨﺘـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﺘﻌﺘﻚ ﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ‪ Chemcad‬ﺑﺼﺮﺍﺣﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻝ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﻫﻨﺪﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﻫﻴﻘﻮﻟﻲ ﻋﺎﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﺄﻧﻬﻲ‬


‫ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺎﺩﺧﻠﻨﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻝ‪ Feed‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺩﻱ‬
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‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎه ﺎ اﻧ ﻚ ﻟ ﺴﺎ ﻣ ﺪﺧﻠﺘﺶ‬
‫ﺎع‬ ‫ال‪ Composition‬ﺑﺘ‬
‫ال ‪Feed‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻫﺘﻀﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﺩﻱ‬

‫ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﻗﺼﺎد آﻞ واﺣﺪ اﻟﺘﺮآﻴ ﺐ‬


‫اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮع=‪١‬‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺎﻋ ﻪ وﻣﻨﻨ ﺴﺎش ان ﻻزم‬
‫ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻬﻢ ﻳﻜﻮن واﺣﺪ‬
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‫ﻣﻌﻨ ﺎﻩ ان اﻧ ﺎ دﺧﻠ ﺖ آ ﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧ ﺎت ال‪ Stream‬اﻟﻠ ﻲ‬
‫داﺧﻞ‬
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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻫﻮ ﺑﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Compression‬ﻟـﻞ ‪Feed‬‬


‫ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻲ ﺿﻐﻂ ‪ 50psia‬ﺑﺎﺳـﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪Compressor‬‬
‫ﺛــﻢ ﻧــﻀﻐﻂ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺪﺃﻧــﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟــﻀﺎﻏﻂ ﻣــﻦ ﺍﻝ ‪Palette‬‬
‫‪ Double Click‬ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﺩﻱ‪:‬‬

‫هﻨﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﺐ اﺳﻢ ال ‪Equipment‬‬


‫وﻟﻴﻜﻦ ‪Comp.‬‬
‫ﻧ ﺪﺧﻞ ﻣ ﻦ هﻨ ﺎ ال ‪Stream‬‬
‫اﻟﻠ ﻲ داﺧ ﻞ ﻟﻠ ﻀﺎﻏﻂ وه ﻮ‬
‫ال)‪Feed (1‬‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘ ﺐ هﻨ ﺎ اﺳ ﻢ‬
‫ال ‪Energy Stream‬‬
‫وﻟﻴﻜﻦ ‪Q1‬‬ ‫وهﻨﺎ ﻧﻜﺘ ﺐ اﺳ ﻢ ال ‪Stream‬‬
‫اﻟﻠ ﻲ ﺧ ﺎرج ﻣ ﻦ اﻟ ﻀﺎﻏﻂ‬
‫وﻟﻴﻜﻦ ‪2‬‬

‫ﻧﻐﻠﻖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓـﺬﻩ ﺛـﻢ ﻧـﻀﻐﻂ ‪ Double Click‬ﻋﻠـﻲ‬


‫ﺍﻝ ‪Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ )‪ (2‬ﻋﻠﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ‬
‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺑﻴﻪ ﺍﻝ ‪ Fluid‬ﺑﺘﺎﻋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﻏﻂ ﻭﻫﻮ ‪50psia‬‬
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‫‪P = 50 psia‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪﻛﺪﻩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻟﻞ ‪ Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠـﻲ ﺧـﺎﺭﺝ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﻀﺎﻏﻂ‬


‫‪Cooling‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪Cooler‬ﻧﺘﺒﻊ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺨﻄـﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻠـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﺗﺒﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﻏﻂ ﻭﻧﺸﻮﻑ ﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻠـﻲ‬
‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻧﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ‬
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‫ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Parameters‬ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻩ ﻧﺎﺣﻴـﺔ‬


‫ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﺸﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻝ‪ UP‬ﻭﻟﺘﻜﻦ ﺻﻔﺮ‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻧﻐﻠﻖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﻩ ﻭﻧـﺮﻭﺡ ﻟـﻞ ‪Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠـﻲ‬


‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ )‪ (3‬ﻭﻧﺪﺧﻠﻪ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻻﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺒﺮﻳـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻲ‪. T = 32 F‬‬

‫‪T = 32F‬‬
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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﺗﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ Separation‬ﺃﻭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻟﻞ ‪ Vapor‬ﻋﻦ ﺍﻝ‬


‫‪ Liquid‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Separator‬ﻳﺒﻘـﻲ ﻧﺨﺘـﺎﺭ ﺍﻝ‬
‫‪ Separator‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ ‪Palette‬‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ‪ Double Click‬ﻋﻠـﻲ ﺍﻝ‪ Separator‬ﻧﻔـﺴﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻧﺤﺪﺩ ﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻫﻮﻩ‬

‫ﻭﺩﻩ ﻫﻮ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪ Flow Sheet‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻠﺼﻨﺎﻩ «««‬


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‫ﻭﺑﻜﺪﺍ ﻳﺒﻘﻲ ﺧﻠﺼﻨﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﻭﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻝ ‪Flow Rate‬‬


‫‪ & Composition‬ﻟﻜﻞ ‪ Stream‬ﻧﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ‪Double‬‬
‫‪ Click‬ﻭﻧﺸﻮﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺍﺣﻨﺎ ﻋﺎﻭﺯﻳﻨﻪ‪.‬‬
eng_ahmed238@yahoo.com

Toluene is produced from n-heptane by Dehydrogenation


over a Cr2O3 catalyst:

CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3 C6H5CH3 + 4H2

The toluene production process is started by heating


n-heptane from 65F to 800F in a heater.
It is fed to a catalytic reactor, which operates
isothermally and converts 15% of the n-heptane to
toluene. Its effluent is cooled to 65F and fed to a
separator (flash). Assuming that all of the units operates
at atmospheric pressure, Determine the species flow
rates in every stream?

n-heptane , ‫ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ ﻫﻲ‬Components ‫ﺃﻭﻻﹰ ﺍﻝ‬


‫ ﻻﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬Catalyst ‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻝ‬toluene & hydrogen
‫ﻣﻦ ﺿﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺫﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺪﺧﻞ ﺫﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺨﺮﺝ ﺫﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺣﻨـﺎ‬
.‫ﻋﺎﺭﻓﻴﻦ‬
Fluid ‫ وال‬Components ‫ﺑﻌ ﺪ ﻣ ﺎ دﺧﻠﻨ ﺎ ال‬
‫ﻧﻌﻤ ﻞ‬ Peng Robinson ‫ وﻟ ﺘﻜﻦ‬Package
Feed ‫ ﻟﻞ‬Stream
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‫ﻧﺨﻠ ﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻨ ﺎ اﻧ ﻪ ه ﻮ ﻣ ﺶ‬
‫ﻣﺪﻳﻨﻲ ال ‪Molar Feed‬‬
‫‪ Rate‬ﻋﻠ ﺸﺎن آ ﺪﻩ اﻧ ﺎ‬
‫ﻪ=‬ ‫ﺖ اﻧ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺿ‬
‫‪100lbmole/hr‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻝ‪ Heater‬ﻭﻧﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺘﻌﺘﻪ ﻋـﺎﺩﻱ‬


‫ﻫﻴﺴﺄﻟﻨﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻝ ‪ UP‬ﺍﺩﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﺼﻔﺮ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ ﻧـﺮﻭﺡ ﻋﻠـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ‪ Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻫﻮ ﺑﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺴﺨﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻲ‬
‫‪ 800F‬ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﺩﻱ ﻓـﻲ ﺍﻝ ‪ Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠـﻲ‬
‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻭﺑﻜﺪﻩ ﻫﻨﻼﻗﻲ ﺍﻧﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺣـﺴﺐ ﺍﻝ ‪ Duty‬ﺑﺘـﺎﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻝ ‪.Heater‬‬
‫ﻧﻴﺠﻲ ﺑﻘﻪ ﻟﺨﻄﻮﺓ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻝ ‪ Reactor‬ﺫﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺣﻨﺎ ﻋـﺎﺭﻓﻴﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ ‪) Reactors‬ﻧﺮﺟﻮ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺘﻬـﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﻭﺭﻕ ﺍﻝ ‪ ( Chemcad‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻝ ‪ Conversion‬ﻧﻘـﺪﺭ ﻧﺤـﺪﺩ‬
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‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﻝ ‪ Reactor‬ﻭﻫـﻮ ‪ Conversion Reactor‬ﻭﺩﻩ‬


‫ﻫﻨﻼﻗﻴﻪ‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝ ‪ Palette‬ﻓﻲ ‪General Reactors‬‬

‫ﻫﻨﻼﺣﻆ ﺍﻧﻨﺎ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻟﻢ ﻧﻘﻢ ﺑﺎﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬


‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪ Reactor‬ﻭﻟﻜﻲ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺛﻢ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻝ ‪ Simulation Environment‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝ ‪Reactions tap‬‬

‫ﻧ ﻀﻐﻂ هﻨ ﺎ ﻟﻜ ﻲ ﻧ ﺪﺧﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬
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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻃﺒﻌ ًﺎ هﻨﺨﺘ ﺎر ‪ Conversion‬ﻻن‬


‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺑﺘﺎﻋﻨﺎ ﻋﺎرﻓﻴﻦ ﻧ ﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﺘﺤ ﻮل‬
‫ﺑﺘﺎﻋﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬


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‫ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻤﻠﺊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬

‫ه ﻨﻼﺣﻆ ان ﻓ ﻲ ال ‪Stioch.‬‬
‫‪ Coeff.‬ان ال ‪Reactant‬‬
‫ﻳﺄﺧ ﺬ اﺷ ﺎرة ﺳ ﺎﻟﺒﺔ وال‬
‫‪ Product‬ﻳﺄﺧﺬ اﺷﺎرة ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺔ‬
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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝ ‪ Basis tap‬ﻋﻠﺸﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬


‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪ Fluid Package‬ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺑﺘﺎﻋﻨﺎ‬


‫ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬

‫ﻧﻀﻂ هﻨﺎ وﻧﺨﺘﺎر ‪Peng Robinson‬‬


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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻧﺮﺟـﻊ ﻣـﺮﺓ ﺍﺧـﺮﻱ ﻟـﻞ ‪Simulation‬‬


‫‪ Environment‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟـﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠـﻲ ‪Return to‬‬
‫‪ Simulation Environment‬ﺛـﻢ ‪Double Click‬‬
‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻝ ‪ Reactor‬ﻭﻧـﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪ Reactions tap‬ﻭﻧـﺪﺧﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬

‫ﻧﺨﺘ ﺎر ال ‪ Reaction Set‬اﻟﻠ ﻲ‬


‫ﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎه ﺎ وأآﻴ ﺪ اﻧﻬ ﺎ ه ﻲ اﻟﻮﺣﻴ ﺪة اﻟﻠ ﻲ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻣﻌﻤﻠﻨﺎش ﻏﻴﺮهﺎ‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬
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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻫﻮ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Cooling‬ﻟﻞ ‪ Effluent‬ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻦ‬


‫ﺍﻝ ‪ Reactor‬ﺍﺫﺍﹰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﻀﻴﻒ ‪ Cooler‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ ‪Palette‬‬
‫ﻭﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺗﻪ ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬
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‫ﺛﻢ ﺑﺎﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻝ ‪ UP‬ﻭﻟﺘﻜﻦ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻧـﺪﺧﻞ ﺩﺭﺟـﺔ‬


‫ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﻟﻬﺎﻭﻫﻲ ‪ T=65F‬ﻭﺩﻱ ﻫﻨﺪﺧﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝ ‪ Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ )‪Cooler(stream 3‬‬

‫‪T=65F‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺪﻩ ﺗﻢ ﺍﺩﺧـﺎﻝ ﺍﻝ ‪ Stream‬ﺍﻟﻠـﻲ ﺧـﺎﺭﺝ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻝ‬


‫‪ Cooler‬ﺍﻟﻲ ‪ Flash Separator‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪Flash‬‬
‫‪ Separator‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻝ ‪ Palette‬ﻭﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧـﺎﺕ ﺑﺘﺎﻋﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ‬
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‫ﻭﺑﻜﺪﻩ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﻩ ﺧﻠﺺ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻋﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻱ‬


‫‪ Stream‬ﻣﺠﺮﺩ ﺍﻟـﻀﻐﻂ ‪ Double Click‬ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻟـﻮ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻭﺯﻳﻦ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻱ ‪ Equipment‬ﺑـﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﺠـﺮﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟـﻀﻐﻂ ‪ Double Click‬ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﻭﺩﻩ ﺷـﻜﻞ ﺍﻝ ‪Flow‬‬
‫‪ Sheet‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻠﺺ‬
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‫ﻧﺄﺳﻒ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﹰ ﻟﻈﺮﻭﻑ ﻣﻌﻴﻨـﺔ‬


‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻫﻜﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻗﺮﺏ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻬﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻭﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺗﻤﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺃﻱ ﺣﺪ ﻋﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻱ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﻣﻜﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻪ‬


‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ‪.‬‬
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