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Summarization Of Addresses Types

*Based on cisco CCNA exploration companion guide -ch6

Main types of Addresses:


• unicast : single destination(host)
• multicast : many hosts,
have reserved range (224.0.0.0- 239.255.255.255)=class D
• broadcase: all hosts in a particular network

Broadcast types:
• Directed Broadcast: all host into a specified network
Fomat: set all host bits to 1 in binary ip
(Example: for pc with ip 10.10.10.10/24) would have broadcast IP = 10.10.10.255
• limited Broadcast: all hosts in current network (255.255.255.255)

Ipv4 address types:


• Network : used as a number for a network (routers needs it for routing)
format:set all host bits to 0 in binary ip
(Example: for pc with ip 10.10.10.10/24) would have broadcast IP = 10.10.10.0
• broadcast – mentioned above
• host

special types/ranges of Ipv4:


Name Function Range
Exprimental ‫البحث العملي والتجارب‬ After Multicast range excluding limited broadcast,
value: 240.0.0.0-255.255.255.254
Private addresses For LAN 10.0.0.0/8
172.16.0.0/12
192.168.0.0/16
Default routing Default path for routers 0.0.0.0
usages
Loopback Self host ip 127.0.0.1/8
Link-local Used sometimes in Peer- 169.254.0.0/16
to-peer networks when no
dhcp service found
Test-Net Educational examples 192.0.2.0/24

Legacy Classes
Class First octet notes
A 1 to 127
B 128 to 191
C 192 to 223
D 224.0.0.0- 239.255.255.255 multicast
E 240.0.0.0-255.255.255.254 experimental

Prepared by : waleed m-2010