P1 Group Pipe Purging Procedure

The purpose of pipe purging is to shield the rear of the weld joint from atmospheric contamination caused by welding. It involves a pre-purge prior to the start of welding and purging during welding. The pre-purge displaces air inside a pipe with an inert gas, commonly argon; the purge during welding maintains the low oxygen content achieved by the pre-purge and prevents air ingress into the system. By using the correct equipment, effective purging and good welding procedures, it is possible to achieve corrosion resistance in the weld material similar to that of the parent material. Purging is required when specified by the WPS; purging is commonly required in the following base metal groups: 5A, 5B, 8, and 41-45. QC is responsible for monitoring purging according to the WPS. Welders and welding operators are responsible for installation and removal of purge materials as well as maintaining the specified atmosphere in the pipe. The type of gas used for the purge will be specified in the WPS. Welding-grade argon shall be used when specified. Use of Purge Dams • In the interest of production time and cost-effectiveness, purge dams shall be used when possible. These shall be made of cardboard or water-soluble purge paper and secured with tape if necessary; plastic pipe caps may be used except when they will be exposed to temperatures that will soften or melt them. Masking tape is approved for sealing except where it will be exposed to temperatures in excess of 150 degrees F.; otherwise, halogen-free aluminum tape is required. Purge dams shall be installed so that they are not exposed to temperatures over 200 degrees F. Caution shall be exercised when removing purge dams from pipes; increased temperatures and decreased oxygen levels are possible hazards present.

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Pre-purging • • All pipe ends and openings shall be sealed unless purge dams are used to reduce the purge volume. The preferred inlet and outlet arrangement is as follows: the gas inlet should be located low and to one end of the piping arrangement; high and on the opposite end of the arrangement, a small hole shall be made in the seal to allow the exhausting of air as it is displaced by the purge gas. Open butt joints shall be sealed during pre-purge with an approved halogen-free aluminum tape over the outside of the weld joint. Tape shall be removed ahead of the weld pass. Flow rate for pre-purge shall be 25 CFH until the oxygen level reaches 5% or less as indicated by an oxygen meter.

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dissolvo. if for any reason the purge is lost during the welding process.• The purge time chart (Attachment 1) should be used a guide for the amount of minimum pre-purge time required to remove the air from a volume of pipe. • PURGE MATERIAL RESOURCES Halogen-free aluminum tape: www. the purge gas flow rate shall be adjusted downward to maintain a slight positive pressure (just discernible at the exhaust hole).com . This will act to prevent any adverse effect on the contour of the root (and subsequent) bead as well as weld blowout on completion of the joint. The purge shall be maintained for the duration of the weld until completion. welding shall not resume until the required atmosphere has been achieved again. Purging while welding • When the atmosphere within the pipe has reached the required level.com Water soluble purge dam material: www.intercononline.