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Practice Test 4

Paper I ~ Reading

Part I

Answer questions l-bS by referringto the review of children" educational books on pngc 99,.

For questions 1-18 answer by choosing fro III the sections of the review (A-I·I). .. Some of the 'choices may be, required more than once,

Note; VJhen more thnn one answer is required, these may be given in any-order.

Which book or set of.books

concerns history'

contains.useful lists of' facts'?

2

3 " ..

has been pu blished fur many years?

·conlains well-known sayjng~?

5 ..

hasan introductio i1 explai IJiDg h ow to usc' the book? 6 ..

'includes maps!

7 ...

8

featuree lots of close-up photographs? 9

features cartoon-style drawings? 10

'nos sections which you Can lift, ll]' or pull OWl II

Which book Or set 0 fbooks docs th e a uthor think

would be suitable for'ell ildrcn under lO YC<lfS old?

12 "

13

14.

look, rather old-fash ionedi

15,

is verygood value for rno"ey' .

16

has pictu res which are sligh til' ridiculous]

17,

is the best produced and most complete?'

18.

- ....

How to find out about dinosaurs

fJ \Vhen buying an cncyclqpediacyou will find thai' the basic choice lies

be tween r" I "i n g!e vo I u rues; wi th useful but necessarily limited entries-and '18T'£er and costlier multi-volume sets. 11 ispossibleto purchase-single volumes by subjectarea, which' build up. to form a comprehensive [cfen:o,,'nc,e lii)rary,.IJUl.rtone thatI have seerr compares' for. authuriry, design and breadth 'with the, new Oxford Children'sE~cydopedja (OUP£ioiJ). ! cannot fault it. II isbeautifullv dear and' has been laid out irHelligej;tly

and attractively, Information is easy.

to find and children, will gain '

'wnfLdence through lcarriing how lb cross-refer, and 'in-the process will hit uponinnumerab]e interesting.sideshoot, ofinformation.

The en cycloped i a uses a va r icty '0 f 'ilh . .!,~lrativ~ .. srylcs: _I i IJ¢. drawings, cross-sections, maps, Chil_rL~)~di<l.gnlm:s ""d excellent photographs with good deaf reproduction i fl sharp focus. Explauarions.are hu .. .id, but thereis son!" del'l h 1'0. them. Each entry gives basic information a nd has n See-Also box, 1.0 t~ltide the, reader further.

Ei'o,y hQlnJ with children wOllld do well to buy a set and it i.i, n()1 to be .despised'byadults.for their OWl" use. either,

III The Doding Klndcrslev Children's illustrated Encyclopedia [£2 5) has L he LJ 11 m istaka ole des ign trademarkof that firm - much use of b~g", d05~'"P photographs of object', (lea L .I;y pc: frtce, gUQ~J q u,;.llit.y p~ r er, It is divided. ifito topics rather tlmn arranged alphabeticallv.lf you need to" know about, s;;::J}~ fork, }'9.U; consult the index; and-arc referred to 1'1i" ,w'l'io~ on trees, in' which you '~ili tiudynur relevant paragraph, Once children have read the How (0 'U,., This Book pages at the beginning, they should have 110 problem in 'finding their w,ay around. V1her:tas 'he ,Q,rord set will suit children best .as they pro gress .t') wn rds t heir GCSlO, ,)'"'rs, the Dorling Kindersley entyd(jp'eJi~ is ~ particular.lv good choice for.the under- lOs.

""~_~ ..

F"rum Thf 51rIJdrrylj·m.L's

iii Tn at .good old stan d by. The junior PeersEncyclopedfa, now in irs 3 Ist yea', and edited b_y Edward Blishen (Pdhamf,IO,99), is', book to' have b~~dy bythehom~Woi"k·de.;k .for checking filets or giving brief explanations. It 'a1,0 'COI)bl;", those listsso beloved 'okl certain type of small, boyra: Dia<y, of World Events, The Highest, lYiountains in the World, Historic Acts.of Parliament, Manned 'S p acecra [t~ lau nched up to' Deco mho! 1'990.

,m Some of the non-fiction series riow I ook do ted .a lid ,dreary,' set against .~~ mu~h that i.~ attractive and fresh, 1 wouldn't, 'for example; spend m 0 ""y 'in a series such as the 011 the Map (Simon and.Schuster £4.99 each), one-volume introductions !.U eou nt ,ie" or the world. Nothing new is attempted, with dull slabs' of minimal text planked beside ."uni"nter:t".$~j'ngly .arr.~flg~d picturelib!' ar ), p h 010 grap hs 0 hhe L,,,,, 01

Ere nch rna rket .Biffel Tower, Par is trafllc"a;iely. AJfdgelh~t, it's a little too like' a 1960,<;'.texti.lo(;k to attract

, I hose" buying books for home usc.

m Geogra p hy .is not easy t o go t

-r ig h!. b t, t few i nqu isi rive ch il d ren ,could r,si,t'rh. Picture Atlas Of the Wqrld (Do-ling Kinder,lu [9,99). This is .an absolute bargai n, arranged . alphahetically, with a two-page 'pro~d 'per country, beaut,i'ful map', dott e d with information in relief -and bordered by a .section of l'aOIS and Figures, a, geneoml paragraph of .intreduction, andsome- particularly {mpurtnnt points high I ighl.ed jn their own b ox. II' brings" the wo rI d 'hI iv,c.

DIn a desperate ,e(fort to stave off children'sboredom with ht.<toribll topiGS,{iN 1 Wa~ There 5eries(BtJdley Head £7.99 each volume) use" photographs of actors and extra.') dressed ,up and posingas-Vikings battling, ancient Egypl-j''-!ns eat ing.'lud wr-it ing orr papyrus, medieval kn jghl~' don,ni"ng armour piece by piece, The}" look extremely uncoTlvlu~iI1g ~!lJd' ' ",11"" silty.

'm As ii 'ArS! -thcsaut us [ot children ,aged s~'x: and .over; T~lC Kingfisher Book of Words b)' George lleal ~t7,99) is endlessly useful Quotations, idioms and proverbs are c'ogenlly prcseruerl, well laid out and 1 he wh ole: book.is ch cered b)' .c.~rl"(!inn~s~yle 'line-qrawi!1gs1 illustrating for.cxample.crecodile

"nr Pi ~L'llly~ J cnn recommend t,he perfect. presentfor motor- mud in ~llllS -e.Car by Angela Royston and Col i 11

Ki ng (Frances l;illwln'fli:99.J, How a car works-and bm. v i~ c;:;an be mended ,,,I: demonstrated and explained by 'naps, til,,!, cnn Be lili:~d and tab, that can be pulled. [_i~,' 311 the be" LlOI1- fiction forchildren, 'it "<~(Iu"'llY , accessible to ig"Qf" nt adults,

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"'" i'MCiIC£ nST ~ . rAr ER·I

Part 2

For questions 19-24; you must.choose which or the paragraphs'As-G on p"ge 101 fil inrorhe numbered gaps in the fdlowing newspaper article. There is one extra paragraph whicb does not fit i ,; any ofthe gaps,

I:HERE'S PLENTY. OF ROOM ABOARD PLANET EARTH

For decades the population €;>rplosion has been giving people nightmares. The world's human population increases by· three every second and b)' a billion -equivalent to the present population of China - every 'decade. With figures such as these, the gloom has been understandable. In his 1965 book The PbpulMi.orr Bo''-16 Paul Ehrlich wrote:

"The battle tofeed all of humanity is over. III the 197()s the world will u ndcrgO;'{;,111 i ncs, hund reds of millions of people. MC going to starve in spire of the crush progralTll11CS embarked upon npw:}

Today, environmentalists argue that the crisis has been deferred, not avoided. Like Malthus three centuries ago/ they believe that the human race will ultimately outgrow itsabilirv to feed Itself. Were population to increase for ever, that would certainly be true, However, while the pundits have been

wor ryi ng, pea ple everywhere have been changing rheir habits.

'World population is still risirrg fast, but il is already plain that the worst forecasts \ViII never become reality. Par [rom reaching fifteen billion, nearly three times today's figure, the odd, are that it" may never get to ten billion,

In China, this is the result of tough government policies-on family size, but, in many countries. including the United States and Brazil, it has been achieved without coercion. In most of Europe, the birth rate 'is now well below replacement level. III [tilJ)', for instance, it is just 1.2.andit is not much higher in Spain Or Germany.

So dramatic have been these changes that it is' increasingly difficult to predict future population levels, One attempt, carried out by the International I nstitutc for Applied Systems.A1l<1Iysis in Austria, attempted to include futurechanges i.11 fertility along with such factors as mortality and migration. .This.exercisc produced a ,v'ide range of projections of future population.

Some doubters question whether even the lower estimates will defer disaster. The)' clai 111 the G teen Revoluriol1, which eW1bled food production 1"0 5t"1 ahead of popularion grnwtll, is faltering, The

disaster which Paul Ehrlich so confidently and erroneously predicted for the 1970& could be waiting ,.

foyus- ill tbe new millenniufTl. ~

1221 I r

The new wheat, which is a product of the International \Vheat and Maize Improvement Centre in Mexico, produces nearly double the yield compared with the other best varieties - a huge' boost cdmp~tred with recent progrc5~_

f f

,

1~~3~1 ~1 i

In the past, economic growth has marched in step t with, population growth. So what ,,"ill happen when populations decline? One effect is obvious: there

will be fewer people of working age to support those in retirement, at least during the transition phase, Also, itmay prove much harder lO recruit people to

do unpopular jobs,

Those who have painted a rosy picture of an environment recovering its natural beauty as the impact of human numbers dedi nes could fi nd that the opposite is. nearer the truth.

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A Perhaps - but there seems no .real reason fo r such pessimism. The im provements in plum productivity that made lip the Green Revolution ca me from .classical pia nt breed ing, with no contribution from the new, and potentially far more significant, genetic technologies. And, as the recent launch of a new wheat variety in New Delhi makes dear. it is also not yet appropriate to write off classical methods.

B The change has come about because of dramatic drops infertility in l11any cou ntries. Replacement level, .PUl at 2, I ell ildren for each woman, has been reached in an increasing number of countries.

C Falling fertility and successessuch as these show that there is at least a case for Ieelin .. optimistic about the future. Paradoxically, the ~rcate5t problems 111ay come not from soaring populations but from the declines now beginning lo become evident in some developed

co ururies. '

D He was wrong. l.ikc other scientists. he underestimated the effects of the Green Revolution, which was transforming agricultural productivity even as be wrote. But he wasat least in good company. The physicist Lord. Blackett spent much of rhe 19605 worrying about how India was going to feed its millions, even as new varieties or wheat and rice were making that task easier.

f'R;..cnc[T[ST"I· rAPER I --4I11III

E Dr Lutz believe, the "ideal" ligure achieved in the world in which both fertility and mortality arc low would be a population of 6.5 billion by the year 21 OQ". That seems pretty unlikely; even to optimists, but Dr Lutz gives it a 60% chance of corning true.

F Even maintaining the infrastructure of modern society could become harder as the tax base grows smaller. People hate to see the village school or the local hospital dose, but that becomes inevitable .when there a re fewer children to teach Or P" tierus. to treat. .

G Although the most likely peak figure was predicted to be about I () billion, much lowe: ligures were not ruled out. According to Dr Wolfgang.Lutz, who edited the institute's report, "The widespread pessimism about population explosions is exaggerated. What we have shown is that we can see the end of population growth on the horizon."

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... ev .. CTICI! nST "i • PAPER- I

Part 3

Read the following newspaper article and then answer questions 25-30 on page 103. Indicate the letter A, B, C or D against the number of each question 25-30.

Give only one answer to each question.

CURING THE ILL-MANNERED

-A rnateur actress Margaret Davies 1'1 .. knows what it is to suffer for-her art: over the past few yearsshe has played characters with arthritis, severe depression, thyroid disturbances .and mysterious djz>:y spells.

Davies is a simulated patient, .her roles based' on real case histories but replayed as authentically as possible to medical students as part of their co u rse in co mmunica tion skills.

The project tit Leicester. University is in thevanguard of a campaign to put such skills 'at the centre. of medicine rather than at its periphery. As senior lecturer- Brian McAvoy explains, "Good communication is not just the "icing on the. cake. It's an essen hal par t of being a competen t physician."

Doctors' _ failings in '. this area arClegendary. It is a rare patient who has never encountered at least one example of impatience; indifference, abruptness; tactlessness, insensitivity or [ust downright rudeness. All too often bedside manners are indistingu is h a b I e' from b ~d manne rs,

DI' David Pendleton, ed itor of the book Doctor-Patient Commullication, says the problem starts with the selecuon of students, when a certain ki nd of academie prowess is emphasized to the-exclusion of other v i tal qu a I i ti es, Training makes mattersworse: "If something can't be medicalized it's not thought to be the doctor's province, so normal communication gets los! We then overwork them so badly it's hard for them to retain what last seraE' of humanity they might have:"

Pendleton would like to' see a selection process that taps into motivation, for example, without

102

forfeiting academic excellence, plus more career guidance within the profession so that those who are nei ther Interested in nor good w itb people could be 'directed towa rds the lap,,!ra tory, rather thjlJl_ the surgery.

Doctors are well aware of the conununica.tionp,:ol:iiem. For his doctorate 'Pendleton carried out a study in .the Oxford region and found that the doctors thought there was a barrier in about a quarter of their consultations. Key factors included the patient being a 101 youngel' than the doctor, the P" ticnt being very tense, confused Or shy and the patient being of a lower soda I class. The sex of either party did 'no t see til to ma tter, nor did the lengtll df·the. doctor's experience.

1n McAvoy'S se-ssioil$ a student's tutor and peers can cnrnment on his approach and. the "patient" can step out of role and join the d iscussion,

Davies and her fellow actors are briefed in th e cha racter s perso na lily ~s well as medical .history. 1[1 this

way students can encounter

aggression, reticence il nd

garrulousness. Sessions are replayed on video later, McAvoy believes the feedback from a simp1ilt@'d patient is invaluable. "Real patients, may 'be afraid or embarrassed to say, for instance, that the sE.~'!.tan~QuS hand on the shoulder was "€.Iy much appredaled <'II that they disliked the way the doctor wouldn't look them in the eye."

His course .in the Department of General. Practice is rare in being compulsory, Many schools make communication an .optio~"Jextr". if they .offe.r it at all..

There is,. however; g(owiog awareness of its importance. The UK

Network for Communication in Health Care was founded recently by interested professionals, to push for more and b etter teachin gat every 'level

Penny Morris is the nc tw or k' s convenor and a research .and teaching feliow in communication skills at Cambridge University attached to Addenbrooke'sHospifal. "0 f co urse there a re those \0\'11 0 believe that though this sort of thing is imparl" ill it can't actual I)' be tattght.. But-on the whole there is now an ·enormous amount of goodwill among doctors to learn.

People Me not fooled by a smooth mariner, They don't want to be reassured and fobbed off, they want infonriation, Good communication is not just .a:b.oul being nice and charming, because you can have bags of charm and still be a disaster. Nor is it about teaching doctors manipulation ski lis. Simple 'things su ch as cou riesy and p Ll tie nee a rp impo rtan t b eca use they are a bou t va lui 11 g people. They inlp I)' a bas lC respect. And. we like to stress thar doctor, who do tliese things have a better time, the difficulties are more bearable, the job more enjoyable"

from The Time.s

PRACilCE TEST <I • PAPER I .....

25

Margaret Davies is able to help with the project at Leicester Un i versity bCC<HJS<~ A she trained as a medical student.

B she has had personal experience of several illnesses. C she is a skill cd teacher.

D she can play the role of a patient realistically.

Examples of doctors" po,>r communication skills A are greatly exaggerated.

B are widely known,

Care the subject of many jokes, .D are rarely encountered.

26

27

Dr Pendleton believes lhat the situation could be improved by A raising the a-.:adcili ic sta nda rds of medical courses.

fI' attract i 11'g more people to join (he medical profession. C "improving Ihe process 01' selecting medical students. D making medical students work in laboratories more.

Research has shown that.doctors find difficulty ill communicating with patients when

A the doctor is. extremely tired.

B the. doctor is relatively inexperienced.

C there is a bi.g age gap between doctor and patient. ]) rile patient is in pain.

Actors are parricuiarly useful ill training sessions because ther

A ,H'C able to discuss their reactions to a doctor's approach openly. 'B can replay tile same ccnsulrutious more than once.

C are not embarrassed abo ut discussi ng thei r medical symptoms. D C,U) show stronger emotions than real patients.

According to Penny Morris, improved communication skills can lead to A more patients .artending doctors' surgeries.

B increased job satisfaction for doctors.

C a highe .r success rate in trcnting.disease.

D greater respecr for doctors from (he public.

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29

30

103

104

Part 4

Answer questions 31-49 by referring to the newspaper article about travel agencies on p~ge .105,

. Por-questions 31-49 ehoose your answers from the list of travel agents (A-E) which are mentioned in the article. Some choices may be required more

than once,

Note: VVhen more than .one answer is required, these may be given in any order;

In which travel agencies did the travel consul Ian t

recommend-a holiday in Portugal?

suggest various places in Turkey?

praise the-beaches inNorrh Africa?

provide.detailed information abo).'! car hire se!'vi~esl

suggest staying ill an apartment rather thana hotels

have 'personal experience of a place they recommended? 3'.,..

check the possibility 0"[ flying from airports in cities other than Londoril

fail fo mention that flights departed mid-week?

pay no attention to the customer until he asked for b elp 1

rccorornenda- place which W;'$ too 110isy?

know abo ut, or give full details of, the company's insurance po lief'

advise the customer to use local public transport rather than ren t a ,cae?:

go in search of holiday information which was not ondisplay?

31 ..... , ....

32 .

33 ... , •.....

34.

35 ....

36.

39 ..

40 .

41.

42, ..... ,.,.

43.", .

44

45, ..... ,.,.

46 .

47 .... , .....

48 .. " .

49

p~.A.cncE:ie.ST f·'PAPER. ;I11III

Looklng for the special agents

To test the featling.1i:ilvel ,ag~ncv chains, I vlSi'ted a h ranch of· eaGnand,sjlughf lielp in sele"l:~ng a pac kage lor. lour pepple:m~selt . my wife - we.are o.oth in our twenties - and ber miirdle-agedparfrnls . .1 o(rtlined'Our r~qui,:"men,~ as'fa~low~:'

• A »'Io-we e~ M~jj.itE!fane;lIl Iloli~ay in JuIV, staying in a four-starhDtel 'with· halfb.iiard at' a CO"SIof up 10;£500 8aCfi, mj(

. ~~commoMa~fJ1 ~.ho~ld, QIl.llYthe ~ea'but ina,spoHilat was n6t lQonoisy or;, cr6wdea.and waB.ciosiilll interestiilg places to iiisil

Margaret did not taKe lo~g. to. wmk Ollt wIlat kind of holiday v.'ouid. suit my grou~. Ignorinq'all(tl'e brpcliule~ on shoW: 's~ e disappeamd"for a:!ew mlnutesto find a se!e.ction 01 merat~ re: ~nd began worki~g iJiJI tn w'ti ieri resorts we epuld affo'rd tosta;', This,narrowed our:iihoic.e'to ildi1liAfric.a' and Italy.

She f"lnli~lsia'."~dM~rOD"" would ~e excet)ent1or liea,h'es - and, there wi) uld be. some excurSiqns ,to arcll~blogii:ar remains . ana bazaars -'but her mal·enthusiasm.was' ior lia.ly. Aft",timlessly ssarchinq for someWhere 'within o.u,.prioe range we .settled on Sorrento. a ·towMhe nersen !lad visited, Her'view wasttl~Hhere were exceltent places'jo'~iSit fro'm Sjirrefiio and, ili\llough the,bilaciles Wer~ not l1intastk'i!

was ws~ib Ie t6 swinT in tiie·se~.· .

The. tivo note Is M tlrg etet suygested' well) weill inour b tidge I; but - aQ~ this'she failed topoirit olll- anti'''~ lpnyas we. didn't opt

for a sea 1/Few: . .

NQnethe less, J was impm6sed~~her knoWI edge,and ronfid ence and by tile fact ·that sh e Was co n"efS~nt witt .: h er ".gene,·~ travel insur~nce po tity and Gou.ld pro"i de me\vifu its detans;in. fu II ,

'.Ew;,":'

Althou gh. the age nlW' was.relaJivelybusy, Nicol~was"hapRV to'devote some nmeto hetping.me: fwice' she .went. to;a back office to dig 'up the b roch urss oFsm all er,. more'

~~_.r=\'" _,~~~~ .... -

'·""MI.

Witllttle: ,110P sjuff ec wi ttl lra ~BI co~sultan\s, you would 'lia ve t1lDu.<lht ,that a c.iJstomermight reteive some useful, pe'rsonaliscd M.i·G~. But in fact this was' ~"permarket hOlidayshoppingQf tlie .

hi ghest oider. .

t wa.s ignor~tj"~nt'ir I. asked for ""'I ice and, despite Liz's attach me nt-to ner oomputeri.s.e{f oO{)kin g sore en, she was unable to ·hide .tIl e glazed 100R oj i~diifereriee.on Mrf/we ShB. desliltonly piGke(],uplnfaSun's Z60,p"ye"brochuTe :md recorn mended't1fe Alg arve Ji1 Portugal.

She c Ilecked fij'g h't ava ifability from Ma'ncheslet,and Birmingham and,workeD 'outtlle llltal,wsts'Per'peP.SIln inCluding all Ihe sup'plemenlS. Bub.lespite'ilie computer wizard ry, Liz was unabl e tmfind· many ilflQrtiab'ie options .. Slie,suggested a threestar Of iour -star hotel in toe cen trs orfaro awaY,lromtfie,beach o.nd- when I aS~M: about other resorts -:"he com" up with Malta and uanzarote, S~e aJided Ih.titwas up to rne to decide b ecausemere are "millions" of p laces to no liday. and she did not reallv ,k.~QW what kind. of package I was looking ·for. This came as nosurprtse at-an.

From rile Sunday Tjln es

105,

106

Paper 2 - Writing

Part I

1 You arc going to attend a one-month Epglisl)'la'ngua&e course ill Britain and have asked fa, accommodation with a local family. You have just received two letters, one from the.language school and one from the host family, and it is clear that the accommodation which has been arranged is not.suitable.

Yo" need towrite to the school, pointingout the. problems with the -accornmodation- andasking.for alternativearrangements (0 be made. In addition, you have tocontnct the-family to explainthat you willnotbe coming to stay .

. Readthe extracts from the letters arid-the handwritten notes you have made On them. Then, using the.information carefully, write the two letters as illstructc~ on p~ge·t07.

z =!<ell. f <>r ~ .... her", iJ'<~(

~ccr,Jiy .l=o.t'

-eoo (.N:.C;..ve".Ce;.'t".

Ot4..-C of -c,~ e~..5-t~c:i~ - :r "£"FJo.t:e,J 1L ..s.~r.i!:Jc;om

How write:

a) a brief letter to Mrs Hall (ap'pwxiriJately 50 words); b). a letterto the-school (approximately 200 words).

You- should lise yout own words as far as possible;

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108

Part 2

Choose one of the following writing tasks. Your answer should follow exactly the instructions given. Write approximately 250 words.

2 'You have seen this announcement in an English language magazine and have 'decided to enter.

. *' *' * Bea' rad.io star! * * *

The winner will appear as' a guest presenter 'on 'English Alive'.

To enter, send clear details of the programmes you suggest, and explain why you think they would be of mterestto 'English Alive' listeners.

L_""'="""'~''''l"~''''>'''' '''''''''''''~''''''-.r-=~.=~-'''''''==-~'-=, -",_=."..-"",_=_-.",,,==-=-==~,...,...,!1~

Write your competition "entry,

3 You have been asked by a college magazine to write an.article <limed nt new students, entitled Studying SuccessjiJlly: A Beginner's Guide, which should be ligbt-heartcd but helpful. Describe the facilities available and mention a range of good study habits, recommendingthe ones which you have personally found most helpful.

Write the article.

Write your letter.

5' An English friend is doing a project on 'green' issues round the world and has written to ask you, about attitudes towards 'nature conservation and the recycling '0 f waste mate rials ill yo u r co un t ry.

Write a report.

Paper 3 - English In Use Part I

Hotels pick up bills ft!JT jive-star thieves

For the latest, (OJ ... of'AA Hinds and ResuiuramS;in Britain and helllnd the AA'(ll ... 2,000 hQ[elS\a150utthe·wa.y~cheir guests 'behave., The Survey proves, the AAsays, that th e C~), ... the hotel's star taring, the greaterits bill for thieving guests. 'Brian Sack, manager ofa hotel on' Ullswarer, noticing a guest\Viththree ashtrays in her handbag, deftly (3) ... two of them with thegerttle reproof that one should be enough.

~

t

111eft5 (4) ... fro In the petty: TV rcmote.conrrol bancries, light (5) '" ,niom, ~

numbers and fire assembly (6) ... , to the major: grandfafher clocks, two ,

beds, a stuffed bear and a complete (7) ... of onions taken from the garden f

of a hotel in J ersey. ~

Some hore I, ,,\.f(ered quite serious {S) ... " One had its (rom door kicked down by three .scldiers who had been (9) ... out, At tile Seckford Hill! 'Flocel in Suffolk, a sleepwalking guest wrenched a radiator off the wall, (10) ... rooms. One manager (11) ... ''fny ilOSC" under items which had been

broken.

Things guests (12) ... behind included false teeth, wigs, a sack of 5 nakes and

a box of poisonous-spiders, i

Hoteliers said.that sam" gl)ests' oornplairits were ridiculous. Bad weather [

, . , I

(13) ... offence, though other natural phenomena that (14) ... guests

included birdsong and the sound of the sea. One: guest at the Scacrest f

Hotel in Hampshire, complained [Q the tourist board about a hurricane I

that had'(lli) "".h'im awake, The-roof of the.hotelhad blown off. r

... ~-~

From T'l,e rimes

109

110

(] A copy B example @edition D release
A examined B checked' C questioned D reviewed
2· A bigger B higher C more expensive D more famous
3 A withdrew B pulled C stole D removed
4 A range B spread C reach D cover
S A bulbs B bells Cballi D tubes
6 A signals B notes C 'notices D advertisements
7 A 'bunch B crop C bundle D flock
8 A damages B breakages C injury D destruction
9 A dosed B stuck C barred D locked
10 A flooding B overflowing C spilling D draining
II A named B explained C marked j) listed
12 A let B forget C leave D lose
U A made B caused C . produced D did
14 A upset B resented C em barrass e d D hurt
15 A held J3 brought C made D kept PRACnCE HST "Ii • PAP ER 3 ....

Part 2

Par questions 16--30, complete thefoUowing article by writing each missing word in the space provided. Use only one word for each space. The exercise begins with an

example (OJ. '

Example: r-1fJ\l=.j;;';;tI=.~=·._=.=".-=··=· ='='~=,~=._ ,=, '=~= .. =="""I~~=· ;><""\=?,~=" ""'"wi

THE IDEAL HOME THAT COLLAPSED IN MINUTES

Five mo;{bs of expensive home renovation have finally come to (0) ... end. for f' -the' wiilis family. Thelr-hcusefell down.

r As' builders worked (16) , underpinning their £75Q,000 three-storey

Victorian horne in Nqtting Hill, .west London, a small. creek appeared,

(17) minutes. the house' begsn to disinteg;8te (18) .

raising the alarm. sixpale-faced builders (19) : only-stand and watch

as the whole building carne down. More than 50 people;(20) .' ... ,

evacuated from a nearby care centre for the disabled, .and firefighters rescued

a girl aged' six' (21) the house next door after rubble blocked the

exits.

Stephen Willis, a mining company director, his wife Victoria, and their three

children had been livipg in rented accommodation (22) the work,

.which was (23) include repairs and a rear' extension, was carried

out. Mr Willis said: "This is devastating -, We loved the area." His 'children

reacted (24) the news "surprisingly well" but his wife was very

upset, he said. Tile family hope to 'rebuild (25) the same spot, once

they ne.ar (26) insurance companies .

Peter Docherty, contracts manager for their buucers, said he 'had no idea what

(27) the property collapse. They had delegated the underpinning

work (28) specialist subcontractors He said: "We are sure It was a

fault with (29) existing structure: It was

(30) we couldn't have foreseen,"

III

... f'~CETEST 'i' PAPER 1

112

Part 3

ln.rnost lines of the following text there is either a spelling ora punctuation error. For each numbered line 31-46, write the correctly spelled word(s} or show the correct punctuation in the space provided. Some lines are correct. Indicate these lines with a tick (.I). The exercise begins with three examples {Ol.

Examples: 0 .I c::::J0c:::::::J

~'~~'~b06

o c::::J Oc::::J

TV ON-OFF SWITCH MAY HELP TO SAVE PLANET

o A campaign to counter global warming by persuading households

o to .tuni off the 'television video and .computer rather than leaving

o them on standby will be launched today. Goverment ministers 31 will highlight research showing that the simplest of actions if

32 followed byall households, would have a cI rarnatic affect in

33 cutting carbon dioxide emissions. They will point to studies

34 showing that some electrical apliances use 80 per centas much 35 energy on standby as when lheyr~ full}' working .. A television. scr 36 left On for four hours a day; then ,PllL on standby will 'consume 37 roughly the same amount of el)ergy as a fan' heater running for .38 one hour. "The amounts of electricity for each gadjet may seem 39 quite small. Butbecause there are 60 million. of us in these

40 islands, it adds lip ro quite a Jot, said Michael Mcachcr, the

4-1 Enviroment Minister. He and other ministers believe that.

42 winninghouseholders over to a more efficient lise of energy

43 is a key to. meeting interuationa I targetts for cutting greenh ouse 44 gases. 'In addition to the problem in the home the service

45 sector and industry will abo be targeted. Rcral ing, banking and 46 insurance create more gast,:S than the iron, steal and chemical

industries combined.

31 32

43

44 ..

35

39 40

36

33 , .

41 45

37 38

42 .

46 .

Part 4

L,

For questions 47--61 read the two texts below. Use the words in the boxes to the right of the texts, listed 47--61, to form a word that fits in the same numbered space in the text. The exercise begins with an example (0).

likewise, the act of smiling exercises

(53). muscles that stimulate hormone release. !'f.'

~.~~.~. 5.~.!~~~~.~' ~~ .. ~. ~_~ .. ~~~~~~~,~. ~.~~~.~~;L_ ~

Send in the clowns

Don't just stand there moping, (OJ ... research has found that (47) ... has .il strongly (48) ... effect on health, The

healing properties of (49) are such that humour is now

used asao adjunct to (50) therapy in many US

hospitals. And in London's Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, two clowns have been doing the rounds. I once spent a day witlY them and was astonished at the effect, even on (51) ... with fhe most

terrible conditions. In physical terms, the act of laughing If:

gives your internal rnusctes.a much-needed massage, &{

cantower your blood-pressure, reduce. (52) .<' tsnslon -.

"

and release endorphins. the-body's natural painkillers. "

~ (0) MEDICINE

" (47) HAPPY

(48) BENEFIT

(49) LAUGH
(5C) CONVENTTON
(51) YOUNG
(52) MUSCT.F
I
(53) FACE" YOUR MOOD MAY.BE CATCHING -- (54) SAD
~
Moods are contagious - and that's official. Sdentists f (55) 'SPECIAL
have. proved rhat you can Latch joy or (54) ... like colds t
or flu, whether you want to or not,·(55) ... at work. (56) BEHAVE
Though scientists have been interested in crowd (56) .. r,
and mass' hysteria for more than a century, they have f (5;) CHHRFUL
only recently started noticing that (57) ... is also (58) .... ;~.
john Addis-on, a department store assistant, was finding " (58) CATCi"I
his work tedious and (59) .... "The manager drained all co
the energy outof you," he says. "He was dour and .' (59) REWARD
(60.l '«.' and it was an effort to work at all when he was ~ (60)
around. Then we got someone else who is fu nny, (61) ... , SUSPEcr
and who gives out a lot of energy, and I suddenly felt ~ .. (61) LIVE'
much warmer towards the job." }
.. '" ",,,,,,,"'" .~ 47

52 « ' .

48 ., «" •••••.

49

53 .

54 « .

50 .

55 56

51 .

57 .

58 , .

5~ .

60 ..

61 , .

113

, ,

~ f"MCnCf TEST ~ . PAPER 1

114

Part 5

FOJ questions 61-74, read the following formal advertisement from the Positions Vacant column of a newspapcr and use the information to complete the numbered g~ps in the informal letter to a friend, Use no more than two words for each gap. The words which you need do not occur in the formal advertisement. The exercise begins with 'an example (0).

l·il"I·:>.~'7~r ""I~~fJ;iI1'" I Ex<Lmple:~(t~ ;Ie~~;~:, ,:~i.~~c=:1

F9RMAL ADVERTISEMENT

Bay Tree Restaurant Part-time restaurant staff required Age: 16-24

Duties include waiting attable, washing up and occasional help '""(itt. food preparatton Hours: 7.31)-11'.30, Saturdays .and/or Sundays Pay; £10 per day +- tips

Appl1ca,nts must be sociable; energetic and able to work under pressure.

No experience necessary Interviews can be arranged

by telephoning the following number:

Bloxham 376152

INFORMAL LETTER

Part 6

Health Advice for Travellers

Doctors tend 10 be poor educotors: we have depressingly little to show for our efforts to educcte lIiegeneral public on even such a clear"cut issue os the effects of cigarette smoking on health. (0) ... is it for doctors to provide large numbers of deporting travellers with detailed information and effective ad"ke for their trip when the usual forum for doing so is a single, hurried consultotion, iust before departure. There .ore limits to what con be achieved in or should be expected from a medical consultation (75) ... , even when (l,e dodor is well-informed' about the subject, end the traveller is receptive, has, a perfect memory, 'and, is good at doi'ng what he or

~~~. '

Whal kind of odvice.should travellers receive' A I ist of rules and instructions

(76) , .. carries the implicalion that travellers are incopoble of under.5tonding the principles involved, are not interested, or do not 'neerj"lo know. (77) ... advice offered on such condescending terms is seldom followed for long. The best advice is not 0 list of dos and don'ts, but a cleor, rational explonofion from which a conclusion is obvious.

(78) ... , we hove studiously avoided giving advice to consult a doctor without stating the reason for doin'g so. 'Consult your doctor' is a useful folmu,lo to enable odvice-givers to ovoidd~fficult issues, but is a particularly unhelpful one when it relates, to a problem which may arise obrood, (79) .. , to fi!ld c doclor in a remote place, Some '85% of fue world's populationhove never seen a doclor.-cncl never wi II. Advice lor trov~llerS mu sf toke accou n t 01 the, foct that Irovell ers 1.0 man y po rts ohhe world will, be (SO) ....

t';I . .-: __ •. ~-:; ~'~'~-¥~~~':" _:~~ .

From T(oveller's Heo'rh

A It is hardly surprising that B But despite this

C Throughout this book D It is essential

E in the same 'Position

F given without explanation or justifications G It is not easy

H based on t11C principle

under the best of circumstances

How much more difficult, then

l15

Part 2 18 G 19 D

Part 3 24 D 2S B

Part 4

20 A 21 F

26 A 27 C

30 C 31 B 32 E 33 A 34 D

3S A

36/37 C/E 38 A 39 E 40 D

41142 AlB 4J D 44 B 45 E

46/47 tiE

Paper 3 Part I

o B (example)

1 B 5 D

2 C 6 B

9 A 10 D llA 12 B

3 A 4 C

Part 2

o has (example) 16 the/any

7 D 8 C

21 could

22 . over/across 23 those

24 into

25 it

17 being 18 as

19 in

20 Anyone

Part 3

o ./ (example) Olives (example)

31 the 37 all

32 been 38 .!

33 it 39 will

34 and 4.0 up

35 about 41 that

36 .! 42 .!

Part 4

o extinction (example) 47 chairman/ chairperson 48 unveiled

49 holidayrnakers 50 armfuls

51 ecologically 52 equipped 53 outdated 54 extensive

174

22 B 23 C

28 C 29 B

48 A 49 E

13 C 14 A IS D

26 and 27 be 28 on 29 will 30 with

43 which 44 of

45 .!

46 over

55 geographical 56 environmental 57 accompanied 58 explanation

59 informative

60 confusion

61 depressing

Part 5

o unable (example) 62 attend

63 be held/take place

64 matters/business/affairs 65 agreed/offered

66 place

67 report

68' support/agree with

Part 6

o J (example) 75 F

78 C~-_

76 H 79 G

, Paper 4 I Rart I

1 water sports

2 storage shed

3 media centre 4 tea warehouse 5 arts. centre

Part 2

11 4/four(pcoplc) ni-ipe

13 olive oil

14 em (them) in half

Part 3

19 one/I page/side (long) 20 covering letter

11 relevant experience .22 make notes

23. one-sided

Part 4 29 Il

30 _C 31 A

32 C 33 A 34 C

69 raise/increase

70 seems to/appears to 71 result in/lead to

72 reduction/decrease 73 in favour

74 introduce/impose

Part 3 25 D

Part 4

31 E 32133 BiC 34 A 35 D

36 B 37/38 AID 39/40 CIE 41 B

, Practice Test 4 L-p"aper I

Part I

1 F 2/3 C/E 4C

S G

Part 2. 19 D

6 B 7/8 NE 9 B 10 G

20 B

21 G

26 B

77A 80 .E

Paper 3 Part I

o C{example)

1 C 4 A

2B SA

3 D 6 C

Part 2

o an (example)

16 On 20 were

17 Within 21 from

18 After 22 while

19 could 23 to

6 entertainment centre 7 tourist attraction

8 pumping station

.9 (popular) restaurant 10 pleasure boat

Part 3

IS serving dish 16 in a bowl

17 30 minutes 18 for freezing

o .! (example)

o television, video (example)

o Government (example) 31 actions, if

32 effect

33 .r

24 control over/of 25 high-pressure 26 wear a suit

27 dealing with people 28 perform/do well

34 appliances 35 they're

36 standby, will 37 .!

38 gadget

Part 4

6 m edi cal (examp Ie) 47 happiness

48 beneficial

49 laughter

50 conventional 51 yo ungsters 52 muscular

53 facial

54 sadness

3S B 36 A 37 B

38 II

11 B

12 .A:tI" 13114 H IS D

16 E 17 F Is A

Part 5

() job (example) 62 a wai tress

6:1 iaking (dcwnj/wriung down 64 dishes

65 a hand

22 A

23 C

24 F

27 C

28 C

29 A

42 E 43/44B/C 45/46 AID 47 C

48/49 AlB

7 B 8 B 9 D

10 A liD 12C

13Il 14 A 15 D

24 to

25 on 26 from 27 made

28 to 29 the

30 somelhing_

39 .!

40 a.lot," said

41 Environment 42 .!

43 targets

44 horne, the 4S Retailing 46 steel

55 es pecially

56 behaviour 57 cheerfulness. 58 catching

59 unrewarding 60 suspicious 61 lively

30 B

ANSVlli:R KE.Y ....._

66 a while

67 the weekend/ethel weekends 68 four-hour

69 meeting/talking to 70 cool

71 right

n before

73 any/the tips 74 a call/a ring

Part 6

o J (example)

75 I 77 A

76 F 78 C

79 G 80 E

Paper 4 Part I

ill co nvenience 2 preventable

3 on display

4 credit cards

S an identification/your

rcgistra lion,

Part 2

11 12-4 p.m.

12 Silver and jewellery 13 European stamps 14 £3,000

15 Furniture and clocks

6 in the garage

7 easily removed 8 abandon

9 sell the/yourcar/ir 10 well-lit

16 Airfield

17 doll's houses 18 3!three days

19 (a) cataloguers)

Part 3

20 confusion (and) tiredness 25 (the) culture

21 temperature 26 no' evidence

22 sleeping 27 get some sleep/sleep

23 performance 28 (eating) heavy meals

24 time 7.OJl e 2.'1 (at least) 24 hours

Part 4

30 B 31 A 32 C

33 B 34 A 35 C

36 C 37 B 38 A

39 B

Practice Test 5 Paper I

Part I

1 E

2 F 3/4 AlB 5 D

12 E 13D 14115 CIE 16 E

617 C/E 8 A 9/10 'BiC 11 F

17/l8 B/C

175