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MATHS

eigen values?

SUBMITTED TO:

RASHMI MISHRA

SUBMITTED BY :-

MOHD. SUHAIL

SECTION :-F6003

ROLL NO :-B 55

INTRODUCTION

If the action of a matrix on a (nonzero)

vector changes its magnitude but not its

direction, then the vector is called an

eigenvector of that matrix. Each eigenvector

is, in effect, multiplied by a scalar, called the

eigenvalue corresponding to that

eigenvector.

Properties of eigenvalues

1,2,...,n. Then

* Determinant of A = λ1λ2....λn.

* Eigenvalues of Ak are \lambda_1k,....,\lambda_nk

* If A = AH, i.e. A is Hermitian, every eigenvalue

is real.

* Every eigenvalue of a Unitary matrix has

absolute value | λ | = 1.

Reference:

Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and

Engineers: Definitions, Theorems, and Formulas for

Reference and Review, 1152 p., Dover Publications,

2 Revised edition, ISBN 0-486-41147-8 .

# Lipschutz, Seymour (1991), Schaum's outline of

theory and problems of linear algebra, Schaum's

outline series (2nd ed.), New York, NY: McGraw-

Hill Companies, ISBN 0-07-038007-4 .

# Friedberg, Stephen H.; Insel, Arnold J.; Spence,

Lawrence E. (1989), Linear algebra (2nd ed.),

Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632: Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-

13-537102-3 .

# Aldrich, John (2006), "Eigenvalue, eigenfunction,

eigenvector, and related terms", in Jeff Miller

(Editor), Earliest Known Uses of Some of the Words

of Mathematics, http://jeff560.tripod.com/e.html,

retrieved 2006-08-22

# Strang, Gilbert (1993), Introduction to linear

algebra, Wellesley-Cambridge Press, Wellesley, MA,

ISBN 0-961-40885-5 .

- Shah MathsUploaded byAnkit Kumar Prajapati
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