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# TERM PAPER REVIEW

MATHS

eigen values?

SUBMITTED TO:
RASHMI MISHRA

SUBMITTED BY :-
MOHD. SUHAIL

## REG. NO. : 11012414

SECTION :-F6003
ROLL NO :-B 55
INTRODUCTION
If the action of a matrix on a (nonzero)
vector changes its magnitude but not its
direction, then the vector is called an
eigenvector of that matrix. Each eigenvector
is, in effect, multiplied by a scalar, called the
eigenvalue corresponding to that
eigenvector.
Properties of eigenvalues

1,2,...,n. Then

## * Trace of A = λ1 + λ2 + ..... + λn.

* Determinant of A = λ1λ2....λn.
* Eigenvalues of Ak are \lambda_1k,....,\lambda_nk
* If A = AH, i.e. A is Hermitian, every eigenvalue
is real.
* Every eigenvalue of a Unitary matrix has
absolute value | λ | = 1.
Reference:

## # Korn, Granino A.; Korn, Theresa M. (2000),

Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and
Engineers: Definitions, Theorems, and Formulas for
Reference and Review, 1152 p., Dover Publications,
2 Revised edition, ISBN 0-486-41147-8 .
# Lipschutz, Seymour (1991), Schaum's outline of
theory and problems of linear algebra, Schaum's
outline series (2nd ed.), New York, NY: McGraw-
Hill Companies, ISBN 0-07-038007-4 .
# Friedberg, Stephen H.; Insel, Arnold J.; Spence,
Lawrence E. (1989), Linear algebra (2nd ed.),
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632: Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-
13-537102-3 .
# Aldrich, John (2006), "Eigenvalue, eigenfunction,
eigenvector, and related terms", in Jeff Miller
(Editor), Earliest Known Uses of Some of the Words
of Mathematics, http://jeff560.tripod.com/e.html,
retrieved 2006-08-22
# Strang, Gilbert (1993), Introduction to linear
algebra, Wellesley-Cambridge Press, Wellesley, MA,
ISBN 0-961-40885-5 .