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Submitted to :- Mr. Shrikant


Submitted by :- Mohd. Suhail

Reg. no. :- 11012414

Section no. :- F6003

Roll no. :- RF6003B55

Supramolecular chemistry
refers to the area of chemistry
beyond the molecules and
focuses on the chemical
systems made up of a discrete
number of assembled
molecular subunits or
components. The forces
responsible for the spatial
organization may vary from
weak (intermolecular forces,
electrostatic or hydrogen
bonding) to strong (covalent
bonding), provided that the
degree of electronic coupling
between the molecular
component remains small with
respect to relevant energy
parameters of the component.
[7][8] While traditional
chemistry focuses on the
covalent bond, supramolecular
chemistry examines the
weaker and reversible
noncovalent interactions
between molecules. These
forces include hydrogen
bonding, metal coordination,
hydrophobic forces, van der
Waals forces, pi-pi interactions
and electrostatic effects.
Important concepts that have
been demonstrated by
supramolecular chemistry
include molecular self-
assembly, folding, molecular
recognition, host-guest
chemistry, mechanically-
interlocked molecular
architectures, and dynamic
covalent chemistry.[9] The
study of non-covalent
interactions is crucial to
understanding many biological
processes from cell structure
to vision that rely on these
forces for structure and
function. Biological systems
are often the inspiration for
supramolecular research.

# ^ Bravo, J. A. et al. (1998). "High Yielding
Template-Directed Syntheses of [2]Rotaxanes".
Eur. J. Org. Chem. 1998: 2565–2571.
# ^ Anderson, Sally; Anderson, Harry L.;
Bashall, Alan; McPartlin, Mary; Sanders, Jeremy
K. M. (1995). "Assembly and Crystal Structure
of a Photoactive Array of Five Porphyrins".
Angewandte Chemie International Edition in
English 34: 1096. doi:10.1002/anie.199510961.
# ^ Freeman, W. A. (1984). "Structures of
thep-xylylenediammonium chloride and
calcium hydrogensulfate adducts of the
cavitand 'cucurbituril', C36H36N24O12". Acta
Crystallographica Section B Structural Science
40: 382. doi:10.1107/S0108768184002354.
# ^ Schmitt, Jean-Louis; Stadler, Adrian-Mihail;
Kyritsakas, Nathalie; Lehn, Jean-Marie (2003).
"Helicity-Encoded Molecular Strands: