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SURFACTANTS

REVIEW

Submitted to :- Preetleen
Kathuria

Submitted by:- Shahnawaz


Ahmed
Reg. no. :-11012416
Section:-M6004
Roll no.:-RM6004B46
Introduction
Surfactants are compounds
that lower the surface tension
of a liquid, allowing easier
spreading, and lowering of the
interfacial tension between two
liquids, or between a liquid and
a solid. Surfactants may act as:
detergents, wetting agents,
emulsifiers, foaming agents,
and dispersants. Surfactants
reduce the surface tension of
water by adsorbing at the
liquid-gas interface. They also
reduce the interfacial tension
between oil and water by
adsorbing at the liquid-liquid
interface. Many surfactants can
also assemble in the bulk
solution into aggregates.
Examples of such aggregates
are vesicles and micelles. The
concentration at which
surfactants begin to form
micelles is known as the critical
micelle concentration (CMC).
When micelles form in water,
their tails form a core that can
encapsulate an oil droplet, and
their (ionic/polar) heads form
an outer shell that maintains
favorable contact with water.
When surfactants assemble in
oil, the aggregate is referred to
as a reverse micelle.
Reference:

# ^ Rosen MJ (2004).
Surfactants and Interfacial
Phenomena (3rd ed.).
Hoboken, New Jersey: John
Wiley & Sons. [page needed]
# ^ Baeurle SA, Kroener J
(2004). "Modeling Effective
Interactions of Micellar
Aggregates of Ionic Surfactants
with the Gauss-Core Potential".
J. Math. Chem. 36: 409–421.
doi:10.1023/B:JOMC.000004452
6.22457.bb.
# ^ Workman JJ (2000). The
Academic Press Handbook of
Organic Compounds: NIR, IR,
Raman, and UV-VIS Spectra
Featuring Polymers, and
Surfactants (3 volumes) (1st
ed.). Boston, Mass.: Academic
Press/Elsevier. [page needed]
# ^ "Market Report: World
Surfactant Market". Acmite
Market Intelligence.
http://www.acmite.com/market-
reports/chemicals/world-
surfactant-market.html.