The Impact of Altitude Change The standard atmosphere pressure is pressure defined as being equal to 101,325 Pa or101

.325 kPa and normally refer to mean sea level (h=0 m). Atmospheric pressure isdecreased with altitude (elevation from mean sea level or earth surface) with following relation.

where Pb = Static pressure (Pa) Tb = Standard temperature (K) Lb = Standard temperature lapse rate -0.0065 (K/m) in ISA h = Height above sea level (meters) hb = Height at bottom of layer b (meters; e.g., h1 = 11,000 meters) R = Universal gas constant for air: 8.31432 N.m /(mol.K) g0 = Gravitational acceleration (9.80665 m/s2) M = Molar mass of Earth's air (0.0289644 kg/mol) Altitude = 0 – 11000m, Tb = 288.15 K, Lb = -0.0065 K/m, Pb = 101325 Pa Altitude = 11000 – 20000m, Tb = 216.65 K, Lb = -1 x 10E-30 K/m, Pb = 22632.1 Pa Altitude = 20000 – 32000m, Tb = 216.65 K, Lb = 0.001 K/m, Pb = 5474.89 Pa By inclusion of specific parameters, for altitude = 0 – 11000m, atmospheric pressure is

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