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Common Communicable Diseases

Common Communicable Diseases

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Published by: ɹǝʍdןnos on Jul 15, 2008
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08/12/2015

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-chronic systemic infection characterized by
progressive cutaneous lesions.

Etiologic Agent: Mycobacterium leprae – an
acid-fast bacilli that attack cutaneous tissues
and peripheral nerves, producing skin
lesions, anesthesia, infection, and
deformities.

Incubation Period: 5 ½ months – 8 years

Mode of Transmission
4.Through respiratory droplet
5.Through the skin break & mucous
membrane

Clinical Manifestations

Clinical Manifestations

1.Clawhand, footdrop, and ocular manifestations
such as corneal insensitivity, and ulceration,
conjunctivitis, photophobia, and blindness
develop.
2.Lepromatous leprosy can invade tissues in every
organ of the body.
3.The lesions enlarge and form plagues on nodules
on the earlobes, nose, eyebrows, and forehead,
giving the patient a leonine appearance.

4. Loss of eyebrows and eyelashes.
5. Loss of function of sweat and sebaceous
glands.
6. Epistaxis, ulceration of the uvula and
tonsils, septal perforation and nasal
collapse.

Diagnostic Procedures

Diagnostic Procedures

Identification of the signs and symptoms
Tissue biopsy
Tissue smear
Blood tests show increased RBC and ESR;
decreased Ca, albumin, and cholesterol
level.

Modalities of Treatment

Modalities of Treatment

Sulfone therapy
Multiple Drug Therapy
Rehabilitation, recreational and
occupational therapy

Prevention

Prevention

1.Report all cases and suspects of leprosy.
2.Newborn infants should be separated from
leprous mothers.
3.BCG vaccine may be protective if given
during the first 6 months of life.
4.Health education should be given as to the
mode of transmission.

Leptospirosis

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