MY VERY OWN EXAMPLE

COMBUSTION Organic Sample 18.03g CO2 15.23g + H20 9.47g

I.

Find the mass of C sample.

FORMULA: Mass C = mass of CO2 x Atomic Weight of C / Percentage Composition of CO2 (Substitute.) Mass C = (15.23g CO2) (12g C / 44g CO2) (15.23) (0.27g C) Mass C = 4.11g

II.

Find the mass of H sample.

FORMULA: Mass H = mass of H20 [(2) (Atomic Weight of H / Percentage Composition of H20)] (Substitute.) Mass H = (9.47g H20) [(2) (1g H / 18g H20)]

(9.47) (0.11g H) Mass H = 1.04g

III.

Calculate the % of C sample.

FORMULA: % C = mass of C sample / mass of Organic Sample x 100 (Substitute.) % C = 4.11 / 18.03 x 100 % C = 22.81

IV.

Calculate the % of H sample.

FORMULA: % H = mass of H sample / mass of Organic Sample x 100 (Substitute.) % H = 1.04 / 18.03 x 100 % H = 5.77

V.

Calculate the % of O.

FORMULA: % O = 100 (% C + %H)

(Substitute.) % O = 100 (22.81 + 5.77) % O = 100 28.58 % O = 71.42

VI.

Calculate the moles of C, H, and O.

FORMULA: Mole = % (gram) / Atomic Weight (Substitute.) Mole C = 22.81g / 12g/mol = 1.90 or 2 Mole H = 5.77g / 1g/mol = 5.77 or 6 Mole O = 71.42g / 16 g/mol = 4.46 or 5 C2H6O5 VII. Find the rho.

FORMULA: P = 2 + 2(C) + N H X / 2 (NOTE: N represents Nitrogen and X represents Halogen like Br, Cl, I, F, and At. Cancel N and X if there s nothing.)

(Substitute.) P = 2 + 2(2) + N 6 X / 2 P = (2 + 4) 6 / 2 P=6 6/2 P=0

Determination of P. 0 = no double bond or 1 ring 1 = 1 double bond or 1 ring 2 = 2 double bond or no ring 3 = 1 triple bond or 1 ring 4 = aromatic ring VIII. Illustrate the compound.

C2H6O5

H

H

OH C O C OH OH OH

(ganito siguro yung structure hula hula lang. Hahaha.)

GOOD LUCK CLASSMATES! :D

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