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Published by: Christianbible Santiago on Oct 17, 2010
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tomoi from Malaysia. thus using eight "points of contact".[1][2] The word muay derives from the Sanskrit mavya and Thai comes from the word Tai. an unarmed combat method which would probably have been used bySiamese soldiers after losing their weapons in battle.Muay Thai (Thai: มวยไทย. Based on a combination of Chinese and Indian martial arts. Krabi krabong nevertheless was an important influence on Muay Boran and so Muay .[3] A practitioner of Muay Thai is known as anak muay. It is similar to other Indochinese styles of kickboxing.[5] However. Some believe that the ancient Siamese military created Muay Boran from the weaponbased art of krabi krabong but others contend that the two were merely developed alongside each other. kicks. Descended frommuay boran. namely pradal serey from Cambodia. Muay Thai evolved frommuay boran (ancient boxing). as opposed to "two points" (fists) in Western boxing and "four points" (hands and feet) used in sport-oriented martial arts. RTGS: Muai Thai. Western practitioners are sometimes callednak muay farang meaning foreign boxer. it can be traced back using records to 400 years ago in the former capital of Thailand known as Ayuthaya. lethwei fromMyanmar and Muay Lao from Laos. In Thailand. Muay Thai is referred to as the "Art of Eight Limbs" or the "Science Of Eight Limbs" because it makes use of punches.[6] practitioners claim they date back two thousand years. elbows and knee strikes. IPA: [mūaj tʰāj]) is a hard martial art from Thailand. Various forms of kickboxing have long been practiced throughout mainland Southeast Asia.[4] Thai boxing has been around for over a thousand years. Muay Thai is Thailand's national sport.

Eventually. The country was at peace and muay functioned as a means of physical exercise. Trainees would be treated as one family and it was customary for students to adopt the camp's name as their own surname. Modernization Ascension of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) to the throne in 1868 ushered in a golden age not only for muay but for the whole country of Thailand. was originally called toi muay or simply muay. muay became a sport in which the opponents fought in front of spectators who went to watch for entertainment. King Rama the VII pushed for codified rules for Muay Thai. This royal patronage of kick-muay continued through the reigns of Rama V and VII. Fighters at the Lumpinee Kickboxing Stadium began wearing modern gloves during training and in boxing matches against foreigners.Thai as can be seen in several kicks. It was also around this time that the term Muay Thai became commonly used while the older form of the style was referred to as muay boran. especially those held at temples. self-defense. holds and the movements in the wai khru which have their origins in armed combat.[citation needed]Masters of the art began teaching muay in training camps where students were provided with food and shelter. This type of match was called muay khat chueak (มวยคาดเชือก). As well as being a practical fighting technique for use in actual warfare. and therefore Muay Thai. Muay Boran. a platoon of royal guards was established. Scouts would be sent by the royal family to organise matches between different camps. Thailand's first boxing ring was built in 1921 at Suan Kularp. Referees were introduced and rounds were now timed by kick. They were known as Krom Nak Muay ("Muay Kick-Fighters' Regiment"). recreation. it has . and personal advancement. With the success of Muay Thai in the mixed martial arts. It was even used as entertainment for kings. Some time during theAyutthaya period. Muay gradually became a possible means of personal advancement as the nobility increasingly esteemed skillful practitioners of the art and invited selected fighters to come to live in the royal palace to teach muay to the staff of the royal household. the previously barefisted fighters started wearing lengths of hemp rope around their hands and forearms. it was decided that fighters should wear gloves and cotton coverlets over the feet and ankles. princes or the king's personal guards. Rope-binding was still used in fights between Thais but after the occurrence of a death in the ring. whose duty was to protect king and the country. soldiers.[citation needed] This "royal muay" was called muay luang (มวยหลวง). and they were put into place. These muay contests gradually became an integral part of local festivals and celebrations. Muay progressed greatly during the reign of Rama V as a direct result of the king's personal interest in the art.

However the Burmese referee said the Burmese champion was too distracted by the kick. This amazed and perplexed the Burmese people. elbows. When the fight began. If he would have been any good. At the time of the fall of the ancient Siam capital of Ayutthaya in 1767. King Hsinbyushin wanted to see how muay boran would compare to the Burmese art Lethwei[citation needed]."[citation needed] King Mangra granted Nai Khanomtom freedom along with either riches or two beautiful Burmese wives. He agreed and fought them all. and sword-fighting matches. dancing around his opponent. using punches. King Mangra was so impressed that he allegedly remarked. The festivities included many forms of entertainment. Among them were a large number of Thai kickboxers. such as the costume plays called likay. He then departed with his wives for Siam. Nai Khanomtom chose the wives as he said that money was easier to find. The boxing ring was set up in front of the throne and Nai Khanomtom did a traditional Wai Kru pre-fight dance. the invading Burmese troops rounded up thousands of Thais and took them to Burma as prisoners. seven-night religious festival in honor of Buddha's relics.become the de facto style of choice for competitive stand-up fighters. Nai Khanomtom was selected to fight against the Burmese champion. and knees to pummel his opponent until he collapsed. In 1774. and declared the knockout invalid. who were taken to the city of Ava. Other variations of this story had him also winning the release of his fellow Thai prisoners. western practitioners have incorporated much more powerful hand strikingtechniques from boxing although some Thai purists accuse them of diluting the art. "Every part of the Thai is blessed withvenom. Nai Khanomtom mangled him by his kicks and no one else dared to challenge him. comedies and farces. As a result. he can fell nine or ten opponents. His feat is celebrated every March 17 as Boxer's Day or National Muay Boran Day in his honor and that of muay boran's. the Burmese King Hsinbyushin (known in Thai as "King Mangra") decided to organize a seven-day. in the Burmese city of Rangoon. At one point. [edit]Nai Khanomtom The most popular folklore regarding muay boran is that of Nai Khanomtom. Nai Khanomtom charged out. to pay his respects to his teachers and ancestors. kicks. one after the other with no rest periods in between. . as well as the spectators. His last opponent was a great kickboxing teacher from Rakhine. there was no way the City of Ayutthaya would ever have fallen. But his Lord was incompetent and lost the country to the enemy. Even with his bare hands. The King then asked if Nai Khanomtom would fight nine other Burmese champions to prove himself. who thought it was black magic.

some have wrongly attributed the legend of Nai Khanomtom to King Naresuan. who was once taken by the Burmese. . Nai Khanomtom and King Naresuan were almost two centuries apart. However.Today.

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