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Course Syllabus for Labor Standards

(Prepared by Comm. Perlita B. Velasco for the Labor Standards Class,


U.E. College of Law)

Course Description:

The course focuses on the minimum terms, conditions and benefits of


employment which employers must provide or comply with and to which employees are
entitled as a matter of legal rights.

Course Outline:

1. General principles and Concepts

A. Definitions/Distinctions of Relevant Terms

- Maternity Children’s Hospital vs. Sec. of Labor, G.R. No.


78909, June 30, 1989

B. Objectives, Philosophy and Rationale

- Federico Ledesma, Jr. vs. NLRC, October 19, 2007


- NFSW vs. Ovejera, G.R. 59743, May 31, 1982
- Calalang vs. Williams, 70 Phil. 728

C. Legal Bases for the Enactment of Labor and Social Legislation

● Constitutional Basis
- PASEI vs. Drilon, G.R. No. 81958, June 30, 1988
- Ang Tibay vs. CIR, 69 Phil. 635
- Antonio M. Serrano vs.
Gallant Maritime Services, et al., G.R. No. 167614, March 24,
2009

● Statutory Basis
> Construction in favor of labor (Art. 4, Labor Code)
- Union of Filipro Employees vs. Vivar, Jr., 205
SCRA 2000
- Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corp. vs.
NLRC, G.R. 116542, July 30, 1996
- Colgate Palmolive Philippines, Inc. vs. Ople, G.R.
No. 73681, June 30, 1988
>Implementing Rules and Regulations (Article 5, Labor
Code
- Shell Philippines vs. Central Bank, 162 SCRA 628
- IBAAEU vs. Inciong, G.R. L-52415, October 23,
1984
> Applicability (Article 6, Labor Code)
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● employer-employee relationship
- Brotherhood Labor Unity Movement of the
Philippines, et al. vs. Zamora, G.R. No. 48645,
Jan. 7, 1987
- Angelina Francisco vs. NLRC, Kasei Corp., etc.,
G.R. No. 170087, Aug. 31, 2006
- ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corp. vs. Nazareno, et al.,
G.R. No. 164156, Sept. 26, 2006
- Danilo Tabas, et al. vs. CMC, G.R. No. 80680,
January 26, 1989
- Lolita Lopez vs. Bodega City, G.R. No. 155731,
Sept. 3, 2007
- Victory Liner, Inc. vs. Pablo M. Race, G.R. No.
164820, March 28, 2007
- Goma vs. Pamplona Plantation, Inc. G.R. No.
160905, July 4, 2008
Exclusions:
● Art. IX-B, Sec. 2, Constitution
- Juco vs. NLRC & NHC, G.R. 98107, August
18, 1997
- PNOC-Energy Dev. Corp. vs. NLRC, G.R.
No.100947, May 31, 1993
- Republic vs. CA, G.R. 87676, Dec. 20, 1989
- E. Lasco vs. UN Revolving Fund for Natural
Resources Exploration, G.R. 109095-109107,
February 23, 1995

II. Terms and Conditions of Employment

● Recruitment and Placement (Labor Code; RA 8042)


- Isalyn Echavez vs. Bonto-Perez, G.R. No. 109808, March 1,1995
- JMM Promotion and Management, Inc. et al. vs. CA, G.R. No.
120095, August 5, 1996
● Illegal Recruitment
- People vs. Panis, 142 SCRA 664
- Darwin vs. CA, G.R. No. 125044 July 13, 1998
- People vs. Lapiz, 391 SCRA 131 (2002)
- People vs. Logan, 361 SCRA 581 (2001)
- People vs. Chua, G.R. No. 128280, April 4, 2001
- People vs. Merris, G.R. No. 11745-50 & 7447, March 28, 2000
- Millares vs. NLRC (July 29, 2002) 385 SCRA 306
- Gu-Miro vs. Adorable, G.R. No. 160952, August 20, 2004
- Rovago vs. Esso Eastern Maritime Ltd., G.R. 158324 March 14,
2005
- OSM Shipping Phils. Inc. vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 138193, March 5,
2003
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- Trans Action Overseas Corporation vs. Secretary of Labor, G.R.


No.109583, September 5, 1997
- Catan vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 77279, April 15, 1988
- Royal Crown Internationale vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 78085, October
16, 1989
- People vs. Calonzo, G.R. Nos. 115150-55, September 27, 1996
- Salazar vs. Achacoso and Marquez, G.R. No. 81510, March 14,
1990
- People of the Philippines vs. S. Angeles, G.R. No. 132376, April
11, 2002
● Employment of non-resident aliens (Labor Code, Art. 39-42, DOLE
D.O. 75-06)
- General Milling Corp. vs. Torres, G.R. No. 9366, April 22, 1991

B. Human Resources Development Program

- Nitto Enterprises vs. NLRC (G.R. 114337), September


29, 1995)
- Bernardo et al. vs. NLRC, et al. 310 SCRA 186

C. Conditions of Employment

1. Working conditions and Rest Periods (Art. 82-93, Labor Code)


a. Coverage
● Employees
- Brotherhood Labor Unity Movement of the
Philippines, et al., vs. Zamora, (G.R. No. 48645,
January 7, 1987)
● Excluded Employees
- NAWASA vs. NWSA Consolidated Union 11
SCRA 766
- National Sugar Refineries Corp. vs. NLRC et al.,
G.R. No. 10171, March 24, 1993
- San Miguel Brewery vs. Democratic Labor Union
8 SCRA 613

b. Hours of Work
- Arica vs. NLRC, 170 SCRA 776
- University of Pangasinan Faculty Union vs. University
of Pangasinan, 127 SCRA 91

c. Meal Periods
- Sime Darby Pilipinas Inc. vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 119205
15 April 1998
- PAN-AM vs. PAN-AM Employees Association, 1 SCRA
527
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d. Night Shift Differential


- Mercury Drug Co. Inc. vs. Nardo Dayao, et al. G.R. No.
L-30452, September 30, 1982
e. Overtime Work/Overtime Pay
● Condition for entitlement to overtime pay
- Cagampan vs. NLRC, 195 SCRA 633;
- Lagatic vs. NLRC, 285 SCRA 251
● Basis for computation
- PNB vs. PNB Employees Assn., 115 SCRA 507
●- Waiver or quitclaim
- Pampanga Sugar Development Co. Inc. vs.
CIR and Sugar Workers Association, G.R. No.
L-39387, June 29, 1982
- Compressed Workweek (DOLE Advisory No.
02, series of 2004)

f. Holiday pay (Art. 94, Labor Code; Rule IV, Book III, IRR)

● Entitlement of monthly paid employees


- IBAAEU vs. Inciong, et al., G.R. No. L-52415,
October 23, 1984, L-44717
- Chartered Bank Employees Association vs. Ople
et al, G.R. No. L-44717, august 28, 1985
- Union of Filipro Employees vs. Vivar, et al., G.R.
No. 79255, January 20, 1992
- Producers Bank vs. NLRC, 355 SCRA, June 10,
2004

- Asian Transmission Corporation vs. CA, G.R. No.


March 16, 2004
- San Miguel Corp. vs. CA, G.R. 146775, January 10,
2002

- Imbuido vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 114734


JPL Marketing Promotions vs. CA, G.R. No. 151966,
July 8, 2005
- Baltazar vs. San Miguel Brewery Inc., 27 SCRA 71

II. Wages

- Gaa vs. CA, 140 SCRA 304

- Mabeza vs. NLRC, 305 SCRA 500, G.R. No.


118506, April 18, 1997
- Atok Big Wedge Asso. vs. Atok Wedge
Mining Co., 97 Phil. 294
- State Marine Corp. vs. Cebu Seamen’s Assn.
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Inc. G.R. No. L-12444, February 28, 1963


- Cebu Institute of Technology vs. Ople, G.R. No. 58870,
December 18, 1987
- Traders Royal Bank vs. NLRC, et al, 189 SCRA 274
- Kamaya Point Hotel vs. NLRC, 177 SCRA 274

13TH Month Pay (PD 851 and its Implementing Guidelines)

- Honda Phils., Inc. vs. Samahan ng Malayang


Manggagawa sa Honda, G.R. No. 14556, June
15, 2005
- SMC vs. Inciong et al., 103 SCRA 139
- Davao Fruits Corp. vs. ALU et al., 255 SCRA 562
- Sevilla Trading Company vs. Semana, April 28,
2004
- JPL Marketing Promotions vs. CA, G.R. No.
151966, July 8, 2006

Minimum Wage Rates

- ECOP vs. NWPC, G.R. No. 96169, September 24,


1991
- Kar Asia, Inc. et al. vs. Corona, G.R. No. 154985,
August 24, 2004
- G and M (Phils.) Inc. vs. Cruz, G.R. No. 140495,
April 15, 2005
- Chavez vs. NLRC et al., G.R. No. 146530, January
17, 2005
- Jimenez vs. NLRC, 255 SCRA 84
- Villar vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 130935, May 11, 2000

Contracting and Subcontracting (Art. 106 – 109)


Labor Code, Department Orders Nos. 10, s. 1997 and
18-02, s. 2002

- Chavez vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 146530, January 17,


2005
- Tan vs. Lagrama, G.R. No. 151228, August 15, 2002
- Sonza vs. ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation, G.R. No.
No. 138051, June 10, 2004
- SSS vs. CA, G.R. No. 100388, December 14, 2000
- Manila Electric Company vs. Buenamira, G.R. No.
145271, July 14, 2005
- Manila Water Co. Inc. vs. Pena et al., G.R. No. 1582155,
July 8, 2004
- Neri vs. NLRC, 224 SCRA 7171
- Philippine Fuji Xerox Corporation vs. NLRC, G.R. No.
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111501, March 5, 1996


- Filipinas Synthetic Fiber Corporation vs. NLRC et al.,
113347, June 14, 1996
- Wack Wack Golf and Country Club vs. NLRC, G.R. No.
149793, April 15, 2005
- San Miguel Corporation vs. Maerc Integrated Services,
Inc., G.R. No. 144672, July 10, 2003
- Abella vs. PLDT, G.R. No. 159489, June 8, 2005
- Tabas vs. California Marketing Co. Inc. 169 SCRA 497
- Escario vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 124055, June 8, 2000

Worker Preference in case of Bankruptcy (Art. 110, Labor Code)


- DBP vs. NLRC, 183 SCRA 328
- Bolinao vs. Hon. Padolina, 186 SCRA 368

Wage Studies, Wage Agreements and Wage Determination


(Art. 120-127, Labor Code, R.A. 6727 as Amended by R.A
8188; DOLE D.O No. 10, May 4, 1998)

- ECOP vs. NWPC, RTWPB-NCR & TUCP, G.R. No.


96169, September 24, 1991
- Nasipit Lumber Co. et al., vs. NWPC et al., G.R. No.
113097, April 27, 1998
- Cagayan Sugar Milling co. vs. Secretary of Labor,
G.R. 128399
- Eagle Security Agency vs. NLRC, 173 SCRA 479
LMG Chemicals Corp. vs. Secretary of Labor, 356 SCRA
557
- Metropolitan Bank and Trust Co. Employees Union-
ALU-TUCP vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 102636,
September 10, 1993
- Prubankers Association vs. Prudential bank, 302
SCRA
- Producers Bank vs. NLRC, 355 SCRA 489

III. Working conditions for Special Group of Employees

- Zialcita, et al. vs. PAL, OP RO4-3-3398-76, February 20, 1997


- PTT vs. NLRC, 272 SCRA 596
- Olympia Gualberto et al. vs. Marinduque Mining Industrial Corp.
CA – G.R. No. 52753-R, June 28, 1978
- Coca-Cola v. Agito, February 13, 2009
- Villarama vs. NLRC and Golden Donuts Inc., 236 SCRA 280
- Libres vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 123737, May 28, 1999
- Domingo vs. Rayala, G.R. No. 155831, February 18, 2008
- Remington Industrial Sales Corp. vs. Castañeda, G.R. Nos.
169295-96, November 20, 2006
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