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History of Birbal
Birbal was an advisor in the court of Akbar and is very popular for his sharp intellect and sense of humor. The stories of Birbal are very popular among kids and adults alike and form an indispensable part in Indian folk lore. Birbal (1528-1583) is surely one of the most popular figures in Indian history equally regarded by adults and children. Birbal's duties in Akbar's court were mostly administrative and military but he was a very close friend of Akbar too, because Akbar loved his wisdom, wit, and subtle humor. He was a minister in the administration of Mogul Emperor Akbar and one of the members of inner council of nine advisors. He was a poet and an author too. It is believed that he was a son of poor Brahman of Trivikrampur (now known as Tikavanpur) on the banks of River Yamuna. According to a popular legend he died on an expedition to Afghanistan at the head of a large military force due to treachery. It is also said that when Birbal died, Akbar mourned him for several months. The exchanges between Akbar and Birbal have been recorded in many volumes. Many of these have become folk stories in Indian tradition. Birbal's collection of poetry published under the pen name "Brahm" are preserved in Bharatpur Museum, Rajasthan, India. When one hears of Birbal the next name that comes to mind is Akbar. The two were very close and had a great rapport and friendship between them. Birbal was also known as Raja Birbal and amusingly both were titles conferred to him and were not his real name. Birbal's real name was Maheshdas Bhatt and he was born in the city of Trivikrampur or Tiwkapur in 1528 to Brahmin couple Gangadas and Anabhadevi. His grandfather Rupdhar was a great Sanskrit scholar and resided in Patrapunj. Maheshdas was the third child and at a very young age lost his father Gangadas. His mother sent him to her father Rupdhar at Patrapunj. Maheshdas's grandfather Rupdhar started his education at age of 5 and taught him Sanskrit, Hindi and Persian (the state language). Then according to the family tradition he learned music and poetry. Soon he was writing his own poems and setting them to tunes and singing them in his sweet voice. He became famous as the poet-musiciansinger. He also had a great wit and humor. His witty conversation made a mark on anyone he met. Kings in those days were great patronizes of art. They gave royal positions to writers, poets, musicians, sculptors and other artists. When Bhagawandas, the king of Jaipur heard about Maheshdas, he invited him with great honor. Maheshdas sang his own
STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--- firstname.lastname@example.org
composition in the court. He was writing under the pseudonym “Brahmakavi”. Soon his real name was forgotten. From the court of Jaipur, Maheshdas went to the court of Raja Ram Chandra of Rewa. Raja Ram Chandra was great lover of art and Maheshdas and the famous singer Tansen were amongst his courtiers. Because of his accomplishments Maheshdas was able to marry a girl from a well known family in Kalinjar. By marriage, he was financially settled. The fame of Maheshdas and Tansen reached the ears of Akbar and he invited the two to his court. They soon became part of the nine gems at the court of Akbar. So Maheshdas became Brahmakavi but how did he become Birbal? Maheshdas was not only an accomplished musician but was an expert at the art of warfare which was proven by taking part in the expedition of Sultanpur at Punjab. Emperor was so pleased that he conferred him with the title Veervar and the Jagir of Nagarkoth. Emperor Akbar was very fond of bestowing titles based on Hindu cultural system, history and mythology like Kaviraj, Mahapatra or Jagatguru. The title Birbar or Birbal conferred on Maheshdas became so popular that it replaced his real name. He himself preferred this name used it sometimes in his verses. Akbar is said to have borrowed this name from 'Vetal Panchvishanti' or the 'betal pachisi' the twenty five tales of Vikram and Vetal. In the third story a man named Veervar offers his services to the king and fully earns the high pay allowance by showing extraordinary proof of his loyalty and devotion. The title Veervar was transformed into Birbal on the basis of Sanskrit rules according to which when two r sounds occur in close proximity the later is pronounced as L. Birbal entered the court of Akbar in 1556 and worked with him for 30 years. Birbal rose to a very high position in the court with his wit, wisdom and humorous nature. He became one of the closest and trusted ministers of Akbar. Because pof his enviable positions many legends surround him. It is wise to enjoy the wit, humor and wisdom contained in them instead of validating the truthfulness of them. Birbal's participation in many important expeditions proves he was a rare combination of a man with a pen and the sword. Akbar took him on expeditions to Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Because of his high position and influence with the emperor, he was envied by many and had many enemies amongst the courtiers. One of them was Zain Khan. The northwest frontier of India was always of security concern to all the rulers of India. The Yusufzai and Mandar Afgan tribes living on the border, with their restless ways and abhorrence for any authority, led constant marauding attacks. Akbar had sent Zain Khjan to deal with the frontier problem. The Yusufzais pretended defeat and then came back with renewed fight. The Emperor then sent Shaikh Farid, Shaikh Faizi, and Sher Khwaja Fataullah with more reinforcements to no avail. The tribes had the home ground advantage in a huge area 40 miles by 60 miles. At last, Akbar sent Birbal to help Zain Khan who misled him to enter a narrow pass at night. The Afghans were well prepared and were ready on the hills. They were trapped in the narrow alley. Many men lost their way or were killed on the holes and the caverns. It was a terrible defeat called in the history as the Yusufzai disaster, in which Birbal,
Birbal fought with bravery and lost his life in the service of Akbar on 16 Feb 1583.com along with his entire army perished. when Akbar was watching the fight between two wild elephants. Well. but which road was to go to his capital . It is very notable that this was one of the only 5 times that Akbar did not attend his royal court during his reign. Shown below is a list of Birbal's Stories: 1. later he became a better rider and hunter than any one of his courtiers. One day when Akbar went for hunting. Birbal fell off his horse and was knocked unconscious. Another time. Akabar's genuine love and friendship for Birbal is attested by two incidents. The boy was summoned and Akbar asked him. Akbar’s Meeting with Birbal Akbar loved hunting and used to escape to go for hunting even from his studies. "Hey young boy! Which road goes to Agra?" The . When Akbar heard the death of his dear friend he was profoundly shocked and did not eat food or water nor attended his court for two full days. Akbar's uncommon venture was a great feat and there could be no greater test of his sincerity.Agra.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. During one such game. As the evening fell. Akbar got down from his own horse and personally brought Birbal back to consciousness.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. The spectators were aghast and a cry went into the air. King was very happy to see the roads that now he could go reach his capital through one of these roads. Halfway. The elephant stood still overcome by the majestic courage. At last they came to a junction of three roads. Akbar was very fond of chowgan (modern day polo). they found that they had lost their way and now did not know where to go. They were all thinking about it and could not decide it. one of the elephants went to attack a servant standing nearby. everybody got very hungry and thirsty. the elephant changed his mind and ran after Birbal. He was about to strike Birbal when Akbar with the intention of saving his friend brought his own horse between the elephant and Birbal. love and friendship for Birbal. he and his some of the courtiers went so fast that they left the others behind. In the mean time they saw a young boy coming along one road.
not the roads. We have to reach there soon?" Mahesh Das bowing lowly pointed towards the road going to Agra. Everybody was silent. "You are talking to Emperor Akbar . Do they?" Emperor laughed at this and said. He escaped the crowd and headed towards the red walls of the palace.the King of Hindustan (India)." The Emperor asked again. "People travel. and set out to the new capital of India . "Huzoor! Everybody knows that road cannot move so how these roads can go to Agra or anywhere else?" and laughed at his own joke. Mahesh wanted to enter the gate. He was very much enchanted with the pomp and show of the new capital. with this Ring I will recognize you immediately. Birbal's meeting with Akbar There was a boy named Mahesh Das. but the guard slashed the air with his spear and stopped him from entering the gate. Now tell me the way to get to Agra.Fatehpur Sikri. which he received from the Emperor himself some time ago. you are right. When he grew up as a fine young man. We need fearless people like you. didn't say a word. and the King headed on that road. young boy?" "Mahesh Das" The boy replied and asked the Emperor. he took all his savings. That is how the Emperor Akbar met the future Birbal. "And who are you Huzoor? What is your name?" The Emperor took out his Ring and gave it to the boy. . along with the Ring of Seal of the Emperor Akbar.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. "What is your name.a very beautiful gate as he had never seen before. bade his mother farewell.com boy smiled and spoke. The boy said again. The palace gate was very richly ornamented . You come to the court. 2. "No.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail.
finally he could see the golden throne on which a man of simple elegance was sitting. Pushing everyone aside. "Why do you think so? I will chop off your head. please do not go back from your promise of fulfilling my heart's desire." Mahesh told further. the guard couldn't say a word. "Sir. although he was not willing to do it. as when you would come?" the guard said sarcastically. Mahesh smiled at this comment and spoke "Yes." "Oh! yeah.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. "May your shadow always grow. and now I am here. He quickly recognized him as the Emperor Akbar. and said." . "Whatever you will get from the Emperor. O young man?" Mahesh rose to his feet and spoke." The guard kept quiet for a moment. O Full Moon." Akbar smiled and asked him. Mahesh went further and prostrated himself before the Emperor Akbar. "Sir. I have come to see the King.” I am sure you must have fought wonderfully well on the Emperor's frontiers. I have come here at your command.com "Where do you think. "What do you want. "Sir. "That's a good boy. and then said courageously. The guard said. you are going?" asked the guard. the King must be waiting for you. Now who was the person who did not recognize Akbar's Ring of Seal? Having seen the seal. Sir." "What?” Mahesh asked. then he said to Mahesh. you will share with me half of that." Mahesh said politely. now what do you want? What is your heart's desire? Tell me. The King was surprised to hear that. "But how can I do this to you. "You can go in on one condition. but do not risk your life by stopping me from entering the palace. which was given to him by the King so many years before. He went on and on." Mahesh remembered his promise with the guard. if you do not stop talking nonsense." And he handed over the Ring of Seal.”Agreed. So the guard thought and thought. I will try my best to fulfill it. you have done nothing wrong. He showed Akbar's Ring of Seal to the guard." Mahesh smiled and the guard let him go inside. He had to admit him." Mahesh was not going to accept his defeat. Said Maesh politely.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. so he asked the Emperor to punish him with one hundred slashes.
bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. The King said. After reaching in the garden Birbal asked. he suddenly shouted." That is how Birbal was born.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. I have taken half of my share. From now on. "You daily climb up and down this small staircase.com So with great reluctance and perplexed mind. you shall be called "Birbal" and you will stay by my side as my advisor. To the surprise of all. Your Majesty. can you tell me how many bangles are on your wife's hand?" Birbal said. your guard did not allow me to come inside the palace. "You are as brave as you were when you were a child. "Let's go to the garden. Huzoor." Akbar asked. 3-----Question for a Question One day Akbar asked Birbal. could you tell how many steps it has?" . Akbar ordered one hundred lashes on Mahesh's back. "Birbal. still you cannot tell how many bangles are on her hand? How is that?" said Akbar. After the fiftieth whip. "Stop now. You have grown into a cleverer young man. "Sir when I was coming here. "Why? What happened?" Mahesh said. I cannot. The guard was hauled to receive his humiliating bribe." "You cannot? Although everyday you see her hand." And they both went to the garden. "No. And I will tell you "How are that". now it is your guard's turn to take his share of half." Everybody busted into the laughter. on the basis of your wisdom. I was trying to weed out the corrupted people from my court. They both went down a small staircase which led to the garden. Birbal said. unless I promised him to give half of my share of whatever I will get from you. Mahesh endured every stroke without uttering a word. but your little trick has done what I wouldn't have done even after passing several laws.
" Birbal quickly retorted. He didn't know what to do? One day when Akbar was taking a stroll at the bank of Yamunaa with his dear minister Birbal. you look like as if you are carrying a washer man’s donkey load. Birbal was very disappointed. "Birbal. Looking at Birbal standing like this. Birbal was waiting for them to come out of the river. On the bank of the river. but there was no sign of gift.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. I am carrying three donkey's load.com Akbar smiled and then changed the subject 4-------Who is the Donkey? Once Akbar went to the river with his two sons and wise Minister Birbal.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. "Sir. 5--------Why is the Camel's neck crooked? Akbar was very impressed with Birbal's wit and wisdom." Akbar was speechless. Waterman’s donkey carries only one donkey's load. . Akbar and his two sons took off their clothes and asked Birbal to take care of them while they took bath in the river. so he said to him. Akbar felt like teasing him. But it so happened that several days passed. So one day Akbar promised him for many gifts. All the clothes were on his shoulder.
One day the court barber. 6--------Birbal visit to Heaven? Because Birbal was very wise and witty. For a moment. "What did he say to you?" "Sir.com he happened to notice a camel. So this might seem the reason of his crooked neck." Akbar soon realized that he promised to give some gifts to Birbal. last night I dreamed about your father. Scriptures mention that whoever will forget their promises will have crooked neck. the only way to go to heaven was through death. the Emperor's courtiers and other people used to be jealous with him and used to find some way to degrade him. As soon as they arrived at the palace. he said to me. the King gave him his reward." The King got interested. plotted a plan against him. And. He said. naturally." Birbal thought this is good time. So Birbal was so wise that he got what he wanted without asking for it. So when the King called him again to trim his beard.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. "Tell me Birbal.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. but nobody else he could think of except Birbal who could perform this kind of duty very well. Akbar . who was very jealous with Birbal. He asked Birbal. why the camel's neck is crooked." The King thought and thought. "Sir. but he feels a great absence of a good humorous man who can amuse him. it might be possible that the camel has forgotten to honor his promise made to somebody that is why his neck is crooked. so he thought for a moment and spoke. so he asked. he went and started trimming his beard. "Your Majesty. but has not yet done so. that everything is good in paradise.
He asked. "You know Majesty. "Did he send any message for me?" Birbal said.com was very sad to lose such a good man. he said that very few . but thinking of his father. I had a very good time there with your father. but there two conditions. he returned to the Imperial Court.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. "I will do so. "What are those conditions? Tell me soon. He was so happy with my services that he gave me special permission to return to Earth. "Certainly." Birbal understood that this was a wicked plan of somebody to kill him. He dug a ditch near his house which would serve as his grave. but I need a few days to prepare myself to go to heaven." The King found this logical and agreed up on them immediately. I allow you one week to prepare yourself. " I am ready. and dug a tunnel too which would open in a room of his house. I wish to be buried near my house. He said to Emperor politely." Akbar was so happy to hear this that he forgot that Birbal could put some odd conditions to him. I do. please go to heaven to give company to my dear father. So Birbal was buried alive near his house. He summoned Birbal and said.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--." Birbal said. He said. After doing this. "Your Majesty." Birbal tried to understand his point but couldn't guess. "I think Birbal you love me very much and you can sacrifice anything for me. Of course he made his way to his house where he lived in confinement for six months. You are giving me such a great favor." The King said. And I want to be buried alive so that I can reach heaven alive to amuse your dear father." Akbar was very anxious to know about his father. And then he found a way. He said." Now Birbal was worried. He thought and thought. he made up his mind. he asked. I was in Heaven with your dear father. Looking at him Akbar cried. After six months. somebody has planned very well and he could not escape from this plan. His Majesty." "Then Birbal. "Where have you been Birbal?" Birbal said. He thought. "Yes Your Majesty. "His majesty. I will try to fulfill them so that you can go to heaven to be with my dear father. he came out of hiding with grown beard and shabby hair and asked the permission to appear in the Royal Court.
you can make out this from my grown beard and shabby hair. Birbal thought for a moment. All the servants should be present here again tomorrow with heir sticks. Birbal asked them to show him their sticks. merchant. so he has asked to send your own barber to him immediately. Birbal went to his house and assembled all of his servants and asked that who stole the merchant's things." . One of the servants had his stick shorter by two inches. "This is your thief.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. Everybody denied. All the servants went to their homes and gathered again at the same place the next day. Birbal said. He gave Birbal a big prize. and his barber the life sentence.com barber can make it to go to Heaven. Akbar understood everything. then gave a stick of equal length to all the servants of the merchant and said to them that the stick of the real thief will be longer by two inches tomorrow. 7----------Birbal caught the Thief? It so happened that once a rich merchant's house was robbed. The merchant suspected that the thief was one of his servants. So he went to Birbal and mentioned the incident.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail.
After a while the king remembered something. Last time when we passed through this patch. Looking at the patch. "This cabbage is such a tasteless vegetable. I like it very much. you told that the cabbage was the king of vegetable. “Yes Huzoor. I am your servant. and they went on. What do you mean by that?" Birbal said bowing. He said to Birbal." 9----------How many crows in the kingdom? .com Later the merchant asked Birbal. "What a delightful vegetable the cabbage is." Akbar did not reply to this. "How did you catch him?" Birbal said. not of cabbage. They happened to pass through a cabbage patch. really it is difficult to even look at such a tasteless vegetable. I don't understand you. Huzoor? Once Akbar and Birbal passed through some farms while riding on their horses. and said. and today you said that "It is even difficult to look at such a tasteless vegetable.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. cabbage is the king of the vegetables." Birbal replied.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail." Birbal said. "Birbal. they were riding past the same cabbage patches again. "Huzoor. "The thief had already cut his stick short by two inches in the night fearing that his stick will be longer by two inches by morning. How people tolerate it." Akbar again listened to this and they went on." 8------I am your servant. This time Akbar made a face. "Huzoor. Another day. Akbar said to Birbal.
" Birbal said. when they came to the court." Akbar was very pleased with this answer of his question. The king again said. Now everybody tried to cover him. Huzoor. or if the feet were covered.com One day Akbar was strolling in his palace gardens with his dear minister Birbal. then said. "If there will be less than that. "They are ninety-five thousand. . then feet remained uncovered. "You can get them counted. Huzoor. then?" Birbal replied immediately. The King enjoyed their flying. four hundred and sixty three (95." "How do you know that for sure?" the King asked. "We want to be your Royal Advisor." Akbar said. "That means that the rest of them have gone on vacation to some neighboring kingdoms. Just then he thought that how many crows could be in his kingdom and immediately posed this question to Birbal.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. then?" "Then it means that other crows are visiting your kingdom. 10--------Akbar's Advisor? Several courtiers were vying to be the Royal Advisor of Emperor Akbar. then his head remained open. The King unfastened his waist cloth and lay down on the floor. but you will have to pass the test before you could be my Royal Advisor. 463) crows in your kingdom. and asked the candidates to cover him with that cloth from head to toe." They agreed." "Or if there were more than that. So one day. Many crows were flying around. And whoever would pass the test will be appointed my Advisor. they said to the Emperor. Birbal thought a moment. but in vain. If one wanted to cover the head.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. "No problem. Huzoor.
how beautiful flowers that is? No man can produce such a beautiful thing as this. and gave him one thousand gold coins.com Just then Birbal entered the court. He said. "So the carving was more beautiful than the real thing. Birbal said. Just then a boy came and presented the Emperor a beautiful bouquet of real flowers. He presented a beautiful carved marble bouquet of flowers. The Emperor was very happy to see it." Akbar said. Many flowers were flowering at that time of season. "Oh no Birbal. Birbal paused a moment. so he gave a silver coin to the boy. "Huzoor." . if he could cover him with that cloth from head to toe. This flower is really very beautiful. A poet pointed out towards a beautiful flower and said. the king asked Birbal also. The Emperor was very happy to see it too. "Look Jahaanpanaah." Birbal was also there. 11---------Flowers for Akbar? One day Akbar was taking a walk in his Royal gardens with several courtiers. sometimes man can make more beautiful things than this.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. you are talking nonsense. Birbal presented Akbar a very skilled craftsman from Agra. and Birbal could cover him from head to toe with that cloth.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. Could you pull up your knees a little bit?" The King did so. the courtiers left the court quietly and then they never thought about being the King's Advisor. then asked the Emperor politely. "I don't agree with this. Realizing that they failed the test." After a few days.
com Akbar understood that he had fallen in the hands of his witty minister once again. "He should be beheaded. Birbal? Have you gone crazy? Do you know what are you saying?" Birbal replied politely. One day he entered the Royal Court." "What do you think. "Jahaanpanaah.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. . Birbal again replied politely." Yet another said. the only person who can dare to do this is your grandson.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--." "Then how can you talk like this?" the King asked in anger. Jahaanpanaah. 12--------Birbal's Sweet Reply Akbar used to ask many odd questions from his courtiers and amused himself." "What. "Because. Birbal kept quiet for a moment. Jahaanpanaah. settled in his Royal chair. "He should be flogged. "He should be hanged." So pleased was the King with this answer. Birbal?" the Emperor asked Birbal. that he gave his ring to Birbal as a reward." Another said. he should be given sweets. And I know what I am saying. and asked his courtiers: "What punishment should be given to a person who pulls my mustache?" One said. and then said. "I am not crazy.
" The rich man was very surprised hearing this that how could he recognize the other guest. "Because only employees can laugh on such a joke." 14------A little lesser and a little more . "They are not guests. "I did not know that there will be so many guests in this gathering. When Birbal reached there.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. Perhaps this was the worst joke Birbal had ever heard in his life. so I immediately recognized him as the other guest. and I will observe them. but how did you recognize him?" Birbal said. He was the only person who did not even smile on your joke. Now the rich man asked Birbal. Sir." The host replied politely. "He is that other guest." The rich man told the joke and everybody laughed uproariously. now you tell me who the other guest here is?" Birbal pointed out towards a man and said. I could. he found himself in a large crowd. He said to him. "You are right Birbal. Tell them a joke.com 13-------------Birbal identifies the Guest? Once Birbal was invited for dinner by a rich man. They are my employees except one who is the only other guest here besides you. "I have told the joke. Could you tell who that other one guest here is?" "Maybe. Birbal said. The host greeted him warmly and took him inside.
so he asked Birbal to explain this. O little girl?" "A little lesser and a little more. Birbal replied innocently. When Akbar saw her. Sir" The girl replied. the Guard brought a more unattractive and ugly child with buck teeth and his hair stood like a porcupine and presented to the Emperor. The Emperor asked. and knows a little lesser than those who know Persian well. He thought and thought but could not think why? He asked Birbal that why she was doing that to such an unattractive child. Birbal ordered a Guard to present the most beautiful child in the world in the court. it just came to his mind that he should test her wits whether she had the same type of wits as her father had. ugly and unattractive child. "How do you know that he is the most beautiful child in the world?" "Your Majesty. For every mother her own child is the most beautiful child in the world. Next day. he must have been her own child." the Guard stammered. and Birbal had guessed this from the Emperor's face." Akbar understood that she had the same wits as her father.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. "Huzoor. "This is the most beautiful child in the world. He was very surprised to see that.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. 15--------Birbal's Beautiful Explanation One day the Emperor Akbar saw a woman hugging and kissing a very dark. Your majesty. in the presence of the Emperor." The Emperor did not seem to be convinced with this explanation. Birbal smiled on her reply. "She knows Persian a little more than those who do not know Persian.com One day Birbal's five-year old daughter accompanied him to the Royal Court. I went home and posed my . Birbal said. but Akbar could not understand it. "Do you know Persian. Next day. He started talking to her.
It was the only money he had at that time so he started immediately looking for it.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail." the Guard replied meekly. and I don't want people trampling on it. said. Muraad. "See Your Majesty. 17-------Mullaa uses his head . still he is after a copper coin. Your Majesty that I am looking for it. She told me to bring our child to the court. I am looking for it because one side of that coin bears your resemblance. "It is not because of the value of the coin. the Mullaa Nasruddin was going back after having an audience with the Emperor that his one coin fell down from his pocket. 16------Mullah’s Flattening Answer One day.com problem to my wife." Akbar was so pleased to hear this reply that he pulled off his diamond ring from his finger and gave it to the Mullaa. who was his one of his bitterest enemies at the court. how miser he is? You have bestowed so much money on him.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--." Mullaa said quickly.
that may be true. The Mullaa. Huzoor. but I don't see that how he can be the noblest?" "He has been given the honor of having an audience with the Emperor that makes him the noblest among the beggars. So I thought let me does it myself? So I decided to bring my head myself on my shoulder." Akbar was very pleased with this defense that he allowed Mullaa to keep his head on his shoulder." .STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--.com One time it happened so that the Mullaa Nasruddin displeasured the Sultan. however. "Yes. "It is not his fault. "It is a difficult situation but let me try. Huzoor. "Good." Birbal went and returned next day with a beggar and presenting him to Akbar said. "Birbal. Rest is your luck. Sultan was very furious seeing Mullaa alive in his court. could persuade the man to take him alive to the court. Jahaanpanaah" "Then bring me such a person. Jahaapanaah. Jehanpanah" Akbar asked. I don't trust anybody else lest it is badly done. so the Sultan asked one of his men to slay him and bring him his head. Birbal said. He asked the soldier. is it possible to be the both "noblest" and the "lowest" together?" Birbal said. You know whenever you want anything done.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. "Didn't I tell you to bring Mullah’s head to the Court. He went to Birbal and asked him how to save himself. not the Mullaa himself?" The Mullaa Nasruddin said politely. My head is here." And he told him how to act. 18---------The noblest beggar One day the Emperor asked Birbal. I asked him to do so. "This is the lowest among all of your subjects. The Mullaa was very upset with this.
When next day Akbar saw Hodja coming on foot again. He met a man carrying a milk can. I have some problem. The horse was so weak and sick that it died on the same night it was delivered. Accordingly. "Jahaanpanaah.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. he instructed his stable man to give a horse to Hodja. the horse had a fleet of feet that it crossed the distance from earth to Heaven in one night. "Whenever I get up in the morning. "Mullaa Jee. I want your advice. Now. I don't know what to do. and I don't understand what may be the . 20--------Milk for the Mullah One day the Mullaa Nasruddin was going somewhere. when Akbar saw Hodja coming on foot. he asked in surprise. "What happened to your horse. I arranged yesterday?" Hodja said. what is that problem?" said the Mullaa eyeing on his milk can. I feel intoxicated. it so happened that the stable man selected a very weak and sick horse from the stable and sent it to Hodja's house." "Why not. The man said. The man said to Mullaa.com 19-------Fast Horse One day. and this time he arranged a very good horse for him.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail." Akbar was very sorry to know this. he promised him to give a horse.
"Because milk causes the intoxication. Here. "There could be no person more loyal than this unfortunate gardener.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. so Birbal stepped forward in the gardener's defense. He went to Birbal and got his milk back somehow. and it turns into fat. So milk gets churned. at the time of execution. His wish was granted and he was brought in the Court. Mullaa said. he loudly cleared the throat and spat at the feet of the Emperor. this is your problem." "So what do I do?" asked the man in simplicity. He was not in a good mood already. So when you wake up in the morning you wake up with alcohol in your stomach that is why you feel intoxicated." Mullaa asked. butter gets churned. The Emperor demanded to know why he did such a thing. "You drink milk before sleeping. "What do you take in the last before you sleep?" The man said. The next day. "Now I understood." "What is that?" asked the man perplexedly. He got very angry and ordered for the gardener's arrest and execution. "It is so simple. Fearing that you ordered him for hanging for a small ." The Mullaa said. and then this fall. The poor man stood there bewildered. He requested for an audience with the Emperor.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. Don't drink milk. It turns into butter. 21------------The loyal Gardener One day Akbar was stumbled on a rock in his garden while taking a stroll. the gardener was asked what his last wish was. He said. Then sugar gets churned. "Normally I drink milk. you toss around." Mullaa virtually snatched the milk can from the man and went on his way. Fat gets churned. it turns into sugar.com problem. The gardener did this on Birbal's advice. The Mullaa said to him. When he came near the throne. and it turns into alcohol. give it to me." "How?" asked the man innocently? Mullaa explained to him. In sleep.
his capital. On interrogation he confessed that Birbal suggested him this plan. but also the city of Agra.com reason. Akbar was very happy to hear this." Akbar understood that this man cannot do it himself. Immediately he called Birbal and they had a happy reunion. But Akbar was no fool.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. He wanted him back in the Court. Birbal was terribly hurt but could not do anything about it. "I am in half sun and in half shade. 22-------Half Sun. One day an intelligent Saadhu (saint) came to his court and told him the way to search for him. He wanted to call him but he didn't know his whereabouts. He announced that he would give one thousand gold coins whosoever will come to his Court in half sun and in half shade. he went out of his way to give you a genuine reason for ordering him to be hanged. He got very angry and ordered him to not only leave the court. He said. Nobody else also knew where he was. Half Shade One day Birbal happened to pass a harmless comment on Akbar's sense of humor. 23---------The Donkey's Relatives . Next day a villager came carrying a string cot over his head and claimed the money. But now Akbar was missing him. So Birbal left." The Emperor realized his mistake and set him free. He could not do anything without him. Now Akbar did as the Saadhu said to him.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail.
" Hearing this people left and went away their way leaving Hodjaa with his donkey. After a distance the donkey stopped going further and stayed where it was. he said to the donkey.com One day Hodjaa loaded some vegetables on his donkey and set to market. and reported this theft in the police." The third man said. one man wanted to punish a man named Hasan. Now Hodjaa was in a hurry." Hodjaa was still in anger. Your Honor. 24---------Red Hot Test One day. and he also knew that he was not a thief. The case was brought in the Judge's court. first he coxed the donkey to get moving but when it refused to walk further. I do not know anything about his necklace. "If I knew that you had so many relatives around." Hasan said. So he asked the man. "You are a merciless man who is beating a speechless animal. "Why do you think that Hasan has stolen your necklace?" The man replied. One man asked Hodjaa "Why are you beating this poor creature?" Another man said. He accused him of stealing his necklace. "Your Honor.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. I have seen him stealing the necklace. I can see that you have a large family here. Seeing this people gathered around them. it will go its own. "Do not beat it. Judge knew Hasan very well. "I am innocent." . and then he started beating it. I would never have beaten you.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail.
then the red hot iron should not burn his hands also. He took advice from Birbal.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--." Now Hasan could not do anything but to hold red hot iron in his hands to a his innocence. He returned next day he came back and said. you are right. and that he was speaking the truth. 25-------------Four Fools Once Akbar asked Birbal to bring four fools of the first order to him. if he is innocent. "I am ready for that. He said . then I will agree that he has not stolen my necklace. .bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail. He told the Judge that he would go and search his necklace again in his house."OK" and asked some time to find them. If he is speaking the truth. then I will not burn my hands with that red hot iron?" "Yes. Let me bring the hot iron. Sir. "All right. and if he can hold it in his bare hands. Birbal said . So let him brings that red hot iron holding in his both hands. let him prove his innocence. bowed hastily and went away. and he is speaking truth."It is not difficult because this world is full of fools. God will protect you. maybe it was misplaced somewhere there. He asked judge to give him one day to look for that necklace again. which Akbar readily gave to him. "It means that if I am speaking the truth." Now the man was speechless. But the same thing should apply to him too.com The man then said." The man said. and then I will hold that iron in my bare hands. He went home. The judge gave him permission. if you think so.
com Now Birbal started looking for fools. and the fourth fool is me who has brought these fools for you." Birbal got convinced that he was a fool. Now they have a child so I am taking this gift for them.bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail.STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--. where are the other two? I asked you to bring four fools. so he asked him . The third fool is you who asked me to bring the fools."Jehaanpanaah. so he considered him a candidate to take to the king. He was going somewhere that he saw a man carrying a large plate on which were kept some clothes. so I thought that she should not carry too much load that is why I have put this bundle on my own head instead of putting it on it. so he asked him "Why are you carrying this bundle on your head?" The man replied "In fact my buffalo is pregnant. betel leaves and sweets." When the king heard about them. At another time he saw a man riding a buffalo carrying a bundle of grass on his head. He looked like a fool to Birbal. Birbal folded his hands and bending a little said ."Where are you going to? And to whom you are carrying this?" The man replied . So next morning he took those people to Akbar's court and presented them to him as the biggest fools." King asked. "But these are only two fools. he laughed a lot on their foolishness . Birbal thought he was also a fool." Birbal considered him also a candidate to take to the king."My wife has remarried.
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