EXPREIMENT # 02

OBJECT:
To study the working mechanism of draw frame.

APPARATUS:
DRAW FRAME.

THEORY:
OBJECTIVES OF DRAW FRAME: 
   
Drafting. Equalizing cross sectional volume of sliver. Parallelizing the fibre. Blending. Dust removal.

DRAFTING:
Drafting is a mass reduction process. It is defined as, ³The reduction of weight per yard of sliver and increase in length is called drafting.´ OR ³Attenuation of sliver without breaking is called draft.´

MATHEMATICALLY:
TOTAL DRAFT Where, Break draft is the draft between second and third rollers.
3
rd

BREAK DRAFT × MAIN DRAFT

2

nd

front
main draft

Main draft is the draft between second and front rollers.

Break draft

Page | 5

MATHEMATICALLY: Mechanical draft Surface speed of delivery roller Surface speed of feed roller DRAFT SETTING: Draft can be set in the draw frame by changing the surface speed of feed roller and delivery roller and this is done by an arrangement of gears and lever. ACTUAL DRAFT: It is the ratio between material feed and material delivered. MATHEMATICALLY: Actual draft Length/Count delivered Length/Count fed 2. The upper gear is named ³Q´ while the lower gear is named ³G´. MECHANICAL DRAFT: It is the ratio between the surface speed of delivery rollers and surface speed of feed rollers. DRAW FRAME: RUBBER COATED ROLLER PRESSURE BAR FLUTED ROLLER WEB COLLECTING DEVICE TRUMPET CALENDERING ROLLER COILER CANE Page | 6 .TYPES OF DRAFT: 1. The number of teeth of the two gears is changeable.

The fluted surface may be of axial. Clamping force. PRESSURE BAR: It is a bar attached to the spring system. 2. 2. 2. FUNCTION: 1. AXIAL ROLLER: In this type of roller. the lines are at an angle to the axis of roller.PARTS OF DRAW FRAME: 1. Blending. KNURLED ROLLER: In this type of roller. WEB COLLECTING DEVICE: It is a device used to collect the web coming out of the roller arrangement. The coating may be of rubber or any synthetic material.e. 3. FUNCTION: To maintain the required tension in the slivers. 5. Removal of dust. 3. LOWER ROLLER: They are steel rollers having a fluted surface. SPIRAL ROLLER: In this type of roller. Page | 7 . Drafting. Difference of speed between feed roller and delivery roller. the lines are at an angle to the axis of roller and are arranged in a manner forming a knurled surface. upper roller and lower roller. 4. ROLLER ARRANGEMENT: This arrangement contains two types of rollers i. Equalization of cross-sectional volume of sliver. WORKING PRINCIPLE: 1. spiral or knurled. the lines on the roller are parallel to the axis of roller. UPPER ROLLER: These rollers have a coated surface. Parallelization of fibre.

FUNCTION: To convert the web into sliver.e. Due to drafting parallelization of fibre takes place. The output of roller arrangement is a thick sheet of fibre. 6. slivers from different cane are fed horizontally to the draw frame. FLOW OF DRAW FRAME: First of all. The number of sliver may vary but it can¶t be less than four. if four slivers are fed to the system then the total draft must be equal to four. whenever a sliver breaks between canes and draw frame. This sheet is collected by a device called web collecting device and it is then transferred to the trumpet where it is converted into a basic sliver form. There is an optical device between the canes and the draw frame.FUNCTION: To collect the web. The stable sliver is then coiled in the cane with the help of a coiler. CALENDERING ROLLER: They are metallic roller having a large weight. Now the fed slivers are draft in the roller arrangement. 4. In order to maintain the required tension in the sliver a pressure bar is used. FUNCTION: To calendar the sliver. Page | 8 . it send message to the machine and the machine stops. Now the sliver is passed through calendaring roller in order to stabilize it. FUNCTION: To coil the sliver. TRUMPET: It is a funnel shaped device. The space between the two rollers is less than the diameter of the cross-section of the sliver. 5. COILER AND CANE: This arrangement contains a rotating disc with an outlet for sliver and a cane to store the sliver in it. The slivers are draft on the basis of the number of slivers being fed to the system i. Due to drafting the tension in the sliver decreases.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful