PEMROSESAN PARALEL PENGERTIAN II

Oleh: ARI SUGIHARTO, S.Si Disajikan di UNIVERSITAS TEKNOLOGI YOGYAKARTA 2010

1.

This consists of a global address space which is accessible by all N processors. A processor can communicate to another by writing into the global memory where the second processor Click to edit Master text styles can read it. Second level

Fundamentals of Interprocessor Using a SHARED MEMORY and SHARED VARIABLES Communication
Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level

Shared memory solves the interprocessor communication problem but introduces the problem of simultaneous accessing of the same

Fundamentals of Interprocessor Communication (Cont’d) NON-DETERMINANCY - when a parallel
program with the same input data yields different results on different runs. Non-determinancy is caused by race conditions. A race is when two statements in concurrent tasks access the same memory location, at least one of which

Fundamentals of Interprocessor 2. INTERCONNECTION NETWORK Communication (Cont’d)
and MESSAGE PASSING
Here each processor has its own private (local) memory and there is no global, shared memory. Therefore the processors need to be connected in some way to allow communication of data to take place

Fundamentals of Interprocessor Communication (Cont’d)

In addition to the extreme cases of shared memory and distributed memory there are possibilities for hybrid designs that combine features of both.

E.g. clusters of processeors, where a high speed bus serves for intracluster communication and an interconnection

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