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'In the name or AlI,ah Ih,e Men:iful 'the Compu:si,onalC

There ,uetwo m,aio SOUfCeS, for an undeman~i,ng, 10f' :I,siam: 'tbcHol,Y Qur'in and the collem,ons lo,f'lhe recanted , -"~rds" I,~, 1,' ~'O" '0,,'5"- 'Dift'd~-'-"""'~'" "r" t:-h' - 'n...._, ch ..... 'M-" ' .... ,- "'m" -'ad' I WO, [" ,- ,~I, ,_-I .... ,,_ S3i11'10410ns 10 ~ _, 'e r,~,'U',p 'Oi!L, , ,U,v1tm ' , __ '"

'~w- 'lbLI;" eh 'm" '.,1,.., .... ' 'U'P-~'I .,L. ... ' IlP,iI'JI!Mn-nl'a- nd 'W'L'"I'e-,h' o:Iii~-_ D,D" 1I"iI'n"3c IIIIIV' ~r;e'-l--"'--:'II

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to' as, ,Hadi'(b;;

-As the 'Ho'~y Qur~'1n is,tbe wlord ,or ,AI,I;ahl :1(, must be

°'-11 ~ 1"1 .....411.. ~ 'Ii.. he t .L ,., ~ ed

stn~.,Y' 'I"O, __ :O'W~ ill, tile' sam,eway ,t! e 'leaCJ;dnp ,co,ntaiIR--" ,

in,lbe ,Prophet's sun'na'must be observed ~Y' ;all who, ,p',tloress to 'be Muslims, fo:r about them rile :Ho'ly Qufi:n ,says:: "~Antl 'whatsoever die: Messenger' ,givlethyou~ laik,e it. And w'hat:~ soever' !heforbiddefh" abstain (from it)~ t.

'Thus 'the ,sunlla, lathe form of Hadilh" is lcom:plemen .. 1I1l' 101 rlhe H!o:ly Book itself: i'l helps '1'0 ,e,xplain ilnd clarify' lite H,ot,,' Quir'ln, and, 1,0 present practi,ca~ ,applicatioiDS, ,of hs teaChmp,. Withoul, a :stud,Y of H,adieh a ,MusUm,"sl 'know ... ledl,e' ,of :h:isfaith n!lnains inco'mpl,eltle,~ and 'wirt,ho'ut it tbe' DOn 'MuSl,im, iSI un.a.bl,etol.:fonll atrue pi:cture: of the' l,s,la:mi,c failll and i'ls, fundamenta:l :s,piri:tual, 'mnral" I~Bisl;ati'Ylet a:nd ,cmltu'ral 'p~ri:ncl,ples.

'1,·"'"";"1, '... -'C.' '~i~em';-' 'p'rt:'~ La- '111;e- ''''''''-·'''0'- m' a -d< e '·'0" - rend ,D1r 'l'hi e m ·Q'R' --

wlII1,e many al~"_:_.LI_, c'~i:l!!I,iI,"'_ ~_ I__~ ILl':. 1'_,,",· ~ ~' .. i~ ,

:i'n,p of' the Holy 'Qur'ln in'c,o English, much. less attention :lias been liveD to the Haditb ,of the Prolphet Mubarm:m;ad,. A,P-Brt from, Y;ari,olls sb,ol1 '.Iedi;on:s ,of Haditll1 thl,t 'haw

--------------------------------~--~'7

a,ppaNd, in Enllish translati,on in various :parts ,orlile Isla ... mic 'wo:rkI", notably in :~kistan and Jodi,." the (allowinl, are, 'tol 'dtcbest of' tbe:.lranslators" kno,w,l,ed,ae" the~ most. 'im .. ,

po ..... -I-, a-c H-m'nt,e. .. ' ,lilAlll_. _-'u~ ,rllMP.'

~ I .. ,A Inmslilltion 0'" ,Mishkital" .. 'M:ati'bil)" ,I :seledion co'm· piled by' Wall' ad,~Din Mut,ammad 'iba 1',A.bduUab, ,all·,Khapb ,at .. TablfrZi (di,ed 73,1 A,H,.,), undertaken b:y A"N. Mattbewslo 'The tmnslauon ;1,ppeaNCiin Iwo, yolll:mes, ~C'al:cutta 1,109.1 110,; it, 'lias, 1!01l'1 'been eut ofprin,t and oopies, ,of' il:IR' scarce'. Some o'fl[heHadith, included in tbeMilhkat do not ,appear i,n the tnlnslalion,.

1, ,Another 'tran_S)alioq, of Mishkit al .. Mapoib entitled '*The Hadis:·', .'Ddenaken 'by AI-:Haj Maulana :Fadul karim., II appeamdin, four' v'ol:umes (Calcutta, 1938)" ~,o,gedler with 'die Anlbic lexl. 'Thelr8nihltor 'has taken :so,me-liberties in tbCUTaD-IIJmenl or the text: and bas; ,added to il: cenain lother seJetti.ons, or Haditb '~ken from ,a)...Qtaazllf's ·'I.,yl' "ulum ,ad-Din,"" Th.8 translation. doesneverth.eless i:oclude the com,plete: ,contents of the M'ishkit ,and. f-elaills,i,ts &CAe-

raJ fORD.. .'

,],,' A, ,part of' 'd1e~ ~iJJ of al..,Bukhifi '.ndertaken bY' the ADSbianMuslim, MulJammad, .Asad"qether ·witilihe ,Arabic 1Ut.11le' tJaOslation ~Ian a:ppea;ri'n,B in secti,ons i:n Lahore i:R 193'1; ,and wurunbappily ,diScontinu,~

4., A aew ,and: COlDpleie tmlUlatioD, of Mishkit al ... Mqibib :mme '~ Dr~ James RObson, Professor' of ,Anlbic a Man~ chesler Un.i¥eJ"sity", in [OlJf volumes (Lahore 1,96,S" andre ... printed!· in t 917,]) ...

5.. A ,comp de: tII_,aU,on of' Muslim'!!', ~1Ji1Ji made by' Abd"l! l:Iamld~ddi'qi, which. has, a:ppeared in, fou:r 'Y,o,)umes '(Labo:re 1.'973)I~

,6,. A newtransladoo, of ,al.'Bm,khln~s, Sa"q"w,hicb 'has bep. 'to' appear under the 'imprint or tile l:sl,ami:cUn,iversity

.'

1iraII._, 'is, 81: best ,a, ,di:fticull, taSk, ,espedaUy r'OID Ian, .. , pa~ .. , as di:lf'clln,t in ,pammar" ~y,n,tax and CUllUmlback ... ,lJ'OUlld ,as, Alaibic .nd Emllis •• The Idi!fficuldes ,are'fbnher increased! when, Ihe task to hand is til It, 101(' :mnderinl into ,EQliisb, a Rlili,ous, wad, ,sueh, as thle' pnsen,t lone.I'n! trail.' :IBiinl: die' HailllI ,0,' Ihe~op,k. il i:s dea1rl" n,ecessasy' 'dial 'the' Iraasl:aIOr'be'pos_sed 10.(' :5uell ,8, blaKhh and dept. ,of' :knoW,I __ .e of' 'dle Arabic ,and :Enslishl Ilanp.lC', 'Iio:sether' with, a r.llmnd'emandinl 0" 'lheillamic~ ,ai.. in ,alii ill aspects" u' ue Imost unnk'ely 'to be ,o.n:d 'in '. sinate persol:n~ Raxcnisin,s thi:s: faa" it, 'W:. (-elt tbat 'the obv,ioBsI so,lution

wlJifor :sudi, 'lnmslalions tol 'be uDdena~en 'by 'IVIOI pcISOftS, workiil1,l, :in d,ose' callaboratian;, 'tWOl :persons 'whOse, :aca, ... demie baCkpou,ndl wau'llI, both overlap ,and complement: each, lotk.~ 'TIle lransl,aaon ,of'lhe PnRDI: sma:1111 'valum,e of Hadilll, has, 'been '.n:derratea b, a :procedDfe of' wodtinl which eaCh: 'ItaRS18101r 'has 'hilS, o,w,n panicm'l:a,' :ml,l!e a,ad ,aC, the' :SlDle 'ti:lat ,adS, as, a ,Check en the' other.

The' moi:w' 101' ,lni .. 'N.,W8W1~:1 ;"Fony :Had,ilh"" :se'llected

~_iiii!!!!!iii!II_!!!I!!IIII!!!!! iiii!!!i!!!!Ii!~~~ iiiiii!ii!!!!!l __ " :9

'by ImiID YalJlyi: ibn, Shaw' acJ..Din ,an .. N'aw,lwi I(died 6,116, ~,H,,)i ,as,tbe Ill'lt w'Dirk, '0:,11 'whi,eh. to 'II)" 'Dut,lIis, :m,ec'hlodw'l;S, dictated byeb .• ' ract tbat sinc:ci,lS Icom:pU,atio:,n :in, .'he'I, 31lh cell/mry ,~D!,. ,this colleccioa bas ml'ljoyed,widesp~ead I,«;ep:-, _ce Muslims, ,u' a 'wo[rk.dlat" desp,ite:ilS, moo'eltsJ[ze" :i,l,corpomtes, a mmp~:hiansiv,e selediOID lor well~lul'benti"CI" ted: Hadi!th on, 'me mostimportan!t 8S!pedS, ot 'rel,iilgious, know,Ie4le.,

The 'U8ns:latan!b,opc 10 follow' up, Illb,; pn:sen't 'volume with ,I further and .lDiore lco:mprmensive book IDf ,Hadiitbt aIsol compiled. bylhi. ,I:mim an .. N!a:wa:wi.~ en!li,,~ed Riy,14, II," $IIlbln 1('The Gudons, lorlbe GocUy'}~

I.) 'Where: a, Hadith in,c'lud"IS, ,I VlilSe fm,m,tile ,Ho!~y QUIllin the' tlaDSldom ,ha,ve' 'usedlhe tr,an:s~ation oflhie :E!"llliSh, ,Mu1i:., Marmadub Pi,ckthall, ['D,m :bu'TheMea:nmn,l, lor

......... , IG~-I-o.~n"o-·Iillrr- 'Lr"D· .-. il!"!"3ll~'."

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2 .. :)i&"I)'·cue hu, lbeen.taken~o, ,.sure the _eau'acy' 'oifdl,1 'lIaIlslatiOi.D~ In .iastaA.ceI, w.Rere a rre, :ren,deril1,s: w!ollid b .• 'va :so.adBci,Rlore ,ctlecti:ve, we havDsaori'fiCied, lelTed,ror' accuracy!!, Wl'Iae a :literal.b'al1sl.tionwas u:nl~pllbll1 and we.aVl: fclt 'obliled to, ,add,woRis 10 dle tRlDrii,a:u!on, .uell . • 0_'.8": beemJ. ,uclo.scd.in squafebl8,~.ets.

1.111 'will. lie {(UlI.d. '1II1l·ceftain ,Aiahic 'wolds 'whi.ch liN 0.1' ,I -illUaiOas :n8Ntre:lDd ·Ift, peculiarlol,slam, SlIlch ·81, ,lma."

,iIaIn and, za/m"111 ave beem. lIt.ned i:n thli:r .Anlbi,c ~bnR. ,ad, ,upl,aaam.ry :.otes pYc. m! dlem!~ln Ibc· case· ,o,:r ,II.~ Z,,!,L_ IAA.,._ ,.,._~~ ... 'b: 'W 'Q'n-'·:'-n": ... JII:~~ .. , .IJIi,~ 'TIMid,' '1··~;AJm~· ,i'l I ·W-'.-· ·d, ~ .. ,

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4.) Ploper :l1ames ,Ind wonts :retail1ed :in Arabic :hlVI 'been, tran:sii.tenl,led, in accontan,cewilhtbe usual method 10')"" l,oW,ed, by' sch,oil,an o,r Arabic" ,exIX'pt 10'(' ICOb:ne' wi:thwonls :SBCIl as ICidiph, 'w:h:idbl1av.:be01Jm,c' pan lo,f'dl,e 'Enllish lu;oo ,lBaal~,

,5",,) 'The :a,otes ha,VI been, 'kepi tOI a :D1inimum, 'banI, .'Upo plied ,only when il. was, necessary to, apro,per understandiml ,of Ute'EI1·IUsbtransJatio,OI, to explain, so',me 'tenn, to' provide badkpoundinrormatio.n" or to, pl,iD,I, ,outw'h,e:rethe tmnsl,a,'to,n, :have' depaded in 11m_Ill meuuR[IU,rn th:1 Am ... 'hie le:xl

'C[), It will. be seen 'that. leach H,adilh consists o:f two 'pa-;':- 'rts!

, "

a) the '.,R'Ild, lor ,chain ,o:rauliJorities" Ihro_.. which thle

Ha(Ulb was, I'ransmi,uedi and wbich an-NawaWi ,Ii:v,esin, a :much abbrevi.ated (ol11l,and, b.)1 the mQ"tI~ ortext of Ih.e Hadjth~ :Fimlll,'" t,be lcompiler'iadicales~he: orilliDI:~ 'COIUec~ 11,00 ,o:rco;llectiorui, from which he: has, 'laken, the' :H:adith~

In. co"Rclusi,o,:n., it is, h.oped 't'ha't Ihis ,sm,s111 boo,k. may co,:nt'ribu'le' '10 81:n undentandi'~1 'O!r Had'ith. ,and that i'l wil'~ encourage En,lilish l,a:n.lu8g;e readers to extendtheif' knowI,edge' ,or this l,ii~eratLu~e"

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,_ ~' .!J[JI!~L. JLt rw"-_~ll~ ~' ~IJL~'~ ,""'_ ,; _'·, .... 1 ~t,~1

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'116------------------

------------------------------------~11

'In the: name of Allah the Mereiliul me Qom,passi,onalle'

~,. jo, '-'d' " ., ... ,11.,_ •• 11., _, _~.L!: h"~ .,1., ' M h- -b ~,- 'i"

- nil' , !~~' " "omit Wille;' IUlC' ': ,esseJ1Ief 'as ~roU.",~lyo'U .'

Prai:se 'be to AUah., 'Lord ofthe'worklsl;, ,B:iemal, 'GuaRUan, ,~fthe :heavens and 'the: ,eartbs!~Dlispaser of all created beinp, Despatcher ,ofM,essen,~rs (maytbc bl'Cllin,gs and ,peace' of ,Allah be' upon, du:m an)1 I[ who were sent] 'to Ibose:[h,ey have' been entrust,ed 'to guide ,and '~ reveal thel1e~li,gi,olus JaM, ~~, wi~, ~dve !,igns, and cIear!oCut :p'mofS". I p:mise Him fbr His, favours,

d ,,.., ... 1,., 'Him" -.. U'!_ od-' II I

an ' ,~>r,~w mcrease .nLii gra,te' a,;,_.;J generoslty., '

'bear wi'mess, 'that ,the're is no, god 'but Allah, alone, He having DOl associate, the' lOne, the Subduleir, the Generous. the Pardoner i' and I bear 'witness, that our 'Mas:ler

M: -uih, ammad js His S'e"I'V,,- .... nt a-;;-'nd·,·~'1 1fJI:_, "-MI,IAI!!!~e'D-i '~'ler--' H'-;IS-'

,_) ,,~ __ ,,_,··~ '_i=I_...:.____:.- ,MI "':--Jql ,_, _.'AI,.',....:. I ._~. ,Ill!IIi L·"':_~· :i' ,\ .. --, ,"~'

dear one and Hisbeloved, the 'bait lof creal, . 'beinp, 'who, was honoured with theprecious 'Q.ulr"iD", 'the endurire' :m,iracl:e:tbrou~,dte 'p_ ... ' ,of'the y'ean;, ,and wi:th, the SUnntlS that len Ugh ten- spiri'lual. guid.es; our Master MU9ammad~:~ singled out lor pi.thin,ess, of speech and

• • 11··' ( til bl ~ d f

'tOlerance .01 religion · ... may.c_e I~tess~~ an- peace 0,

Allabbe u.pon, ,him" upon the rat of the ,PfOjph,eb, ,and:

MI~ngen:;1 and upon aD their' families and upon die rat of,godly persons) ,.

TQ p:roooed:. It h:as 'beent~mi'tted 'to 'Us 'OD, 'the ,allltho,rity lof'AIi~,I" ibn Abi Tilib, c'Abdullah ibn Mas,"ud.,

,.;--------_ ..... _-------'

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, ,~~ .. ~'~ IL~il'l " '~J'.'~'---''''J. , d,.~J"J(' ,,~.~ .. ,-, ~,~,

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, .. '.. U III' ~ .. , 1'1 ~.' ,I, '-'III.

- ·'iiiI . ..1,;" ... ' .• ,) "," ", III '. -.II"J· .

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- I III: •

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... 1 ,1_.J_.J'~J' .~f;;.i,n Ii J" .... j I' ,I, 4.~;' r-·~ .&»~, ~I ~~ .".i c~~ ~,J.-

_:_:..' .:- .. Y' LiI' 'J -~'.' ~. !!!!!I' ~, v- I!!!!!I'

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2'11

..

-'I:,mO""'nCl' 'I-ead,-, _,,.. ... MI.·~ "lli!!Ii-,".rij'- "i -: ... j'na-,. ,-E' '1"sIam--' ,-. D,e,6 .. D'I.·.· ';'O"US"'"

,I-.;u;ar-···'·~ . ~ _'_' ~'_~IiJ! IllIr.. 51"UiW/"'~'cu~~' I(B . '-:. __ '. I ~ I~'-'--e,,~r ~"'~ .~'

scholars are [fad it is pcnnissible to put ineo practice a weak, .Hadi,' L_ if vi.rtuoul deeds are' 'OOD,cemed; - dapile'

~is, I do not rely on this H,adidl but OIl his bavi-..said ('~Y dl,e b~,asings andpeace~ of Allah. 'be' upm ,him) the' f (onawing] sound Hadhh: 'Let hlmwbo was a, witness, among' YOUI :infonn him who, was absent " and on his haVi:~ said (ma,y the' blessi ... and peace of Allah be' upon him] : "Msy-Allah male radiant [the face of] :somoone: who, has beard 'what I have -said; bas, learnt :it bv heart and has, 'transmitted it as be heard it .. ' Furthermore, there were som,ereli,gious scholan who, brou'8bt 'togetb.er forty ,Haditlh 'on' the basic rul:es; ,of re~igjo'ri!i on subsidiary matters, or on ,iillatl, while ,o:then, didso on asceticism" on rules of ,conduct or 00 sermons, AU these are gocU.y aims~ may Allah be'

P'I,:",',,:,,:-~I WI-~'th-·~, ·th"-c,,.. wh '0'.' p- ursued them, '-1 boo ·~~,'ev· ver con-

. ,_~ __ ' . ' __ '_' ' '~ _'.' ,. "_'. - .~.~ _' _ ' iUl~, '_'i!i ,_" .,.1"'1"" ,_-._ ._,-\ JI ~'_I_

sidend it best, 'W bringtoFth,er [iJrty'Hadith more important than :a1l. of these, be'i11l' for~ Hadith which would inoorrpotale ,aD ,of 'these, each H,adidl being one of the peat- precepts of religion, described by r1eligious, scholars as beiQg' 'theaxis of Is, lam' or "the haJfoflsl!am" Of' 'the 'tbiJd, of:it;'" or the' like, and to make it a 1'U11,e' 'the't. 'these forty Hadith be [classified as] :sourd and :thal the majori:ty ,of them be in the: $ablbs, ofal..:Bukhin' and, Mwlim~ I ,~ve them w'ithout _,the:_chains, 'Dfauthori'b~ so' ;U 'tom~e' -.t easier tol memorise 'tb·em and to :make 'them ,of widerbenefi 1t, if ,Allah Almighty, wills, and I. append to. them, a secdonexp.lai.ning abstruse exp'J'lessions,I.,

EVlery person wiShing to~,attam the H,erea{tcr should 'kn.ow 'these Hadith because ofthe important matters

'~,;nClramlation, hu, been i'Du:~ed, 10 die 'C,otl: and, does, :001. include , .. Nia,wa",It:1 commm:tl.

:22

h·' d ""L d'·' · .. ,1.. ~ ,. ~.

t ,ey oonlrun aD ,- ,U,lIle I, •. ' '~n:cbOn5,IU!ey ,gm,'ve .lI1 respect o~

,aD _ [o:nns of obedience, this bei~ obvious m anyone wbo hasreflected upon, it. 0,0 Allah do !_re.y ,and, depend,

a, nd,~;.',. ,Ito,." "._. L .. iim.· •. _J I~.O., !, . e ..• n.'~t~.IJl.',t._m.~.~.',yse. 'I. r?: _' l?' Him .•. l. ~,~," P, !', 'r.3~ and grace" and WIth, HDll .' success and ImmunIty LIDI error 11.,

2:4, ,,- ------------------

.- .

• :1 •

IOn the ;aulthority of the 'COmmander of the Fai,thfl'l ~I"" ,Abu t:I,af" 'Umar ibn ,a1 .. Kha'Jib~ (:m__ayAllJah be p,~,cascd with him), who said: I heard the' Messeng,er of Allah (the blessi'n:gs and peace' ofAUah be upon him) say':

Actions, are' but 'by intention and every rnan shall have -'but 'that which, he intended. Thus he 'whose' migla,tio1n,3, was for Allah, and 'His Messeng;er, his, mi'~ati,on was for Allah and His

~,-"

Messenger, and he 'whose migm.:tion was,

'~O achieve some wor,ldJ\," benefi,t or 'to' take some woman in . marriage, his, :migra'ti,on was for that :for wtU,ch he migrated,

1'[ w,asr,elatedb¥ the two :Imims, ,of tile 5( hula't'" of

Hadi h A' 'b' 'A' bd ,- 11ah 'M' 'b mad jbn I - -I ·'-b

__ :awl-", ~','~A] ~_' ~_ U",I, "_U '_ amr jr: I, n " SJma~' 'I •• '10

'lbrilU:m, i.~, _ al-,:Mu:ghl'ra ibn Bafdizball al .. ,Bukhin

nd A' 'b '1 H .,. M'-'- 1°' '·'bo I S' "'.'-~ ·'b' M- r

a ",:','_:,", IU,'.~' ~ u!~ln, 1 .. _,,_,_: ',~S~~ :J'-'l!_, .. ,.~_a~,I~!~) ~",.;..n,, __ 'U~,~~~'

al ... Qpshwn, .an-N,alsahun" m 'their two ,::jabibs" which

are the' soundest of the' ,compUedbookJI ;;

r~., Iii,t~r; ';V('iIl 10' lilt, 'Ca.lli,phs.

2., T.he seolnd Calip,h ilR I :s_lam.

!J. Tih,isis ,iI ,l'IelrrClI(,rf' 10 re,iigi(JU5 ~Jligra.iIi,oPI :in lparucollar Ilotba.t '~roQ1~In:lca Co !\.'I,edina.

4. :I:.'r,. i('f)n~lj,ons, of Hadith,.

"'""

~

21'

Also, ,OJ]. the a1u·thority 'of 'Umar' (may AUah be' :pleued.whh him)" wh,o said. :

I ...ii~e. ~Umaribfll ,Id .. khatllh~ the seoond ::11.

I. 'O~i:'en~tmdlas !'~,~,ax"~ Of ~~pooro.d,iUet·.,! ilt is, a tax. 'Imed onl 3, : __ ;~:S' .,_.elI, and djltribuliedain-.glh.e; pmr.

S,.Th~ K,a.'I'baand HaIr .MOIqjue .In .Meooa.. -

28

.. "" I,.. ~,,,, _ " ,,,.,.1' .,

_ ..... ' ~ .' I .. I~ "'." '~.,.- . .J2I. • , •..... 11 ' .. :. ',..... - ,"', ~... .,'.. .' ...

; We '. --" ~ .;s.. ,dill " ~J' JI .J"'I"* ~'

-e:

""·,,_·,r,~,',·,r,I,~,',,"',c.,-,',,, ';, ',I!!!,'·_I~~:,._,·,~I J:P"'" ,ji!1 1 J' .J...... I, tJ, j:...,..... f. ~~;

_'I I ,4I,,~_'1 ,,- ....... ,'."~"", ~ ',',' , _,.' , ,', ,-::-" _,., '~II,~,'~' I, ',,_ ~- ~I

;_ I _ ~ .~' J-~ J' .~' IV"" L!!! IV _. .~ii!

-,.,,- ~".: ' '"

I~'J

· rt, ,j$,

~ -, ~',

Ii ' :",, ',,_ < ~ '~J, 1~1~1

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JI'_ ~~, '_'~' ... ':'"

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-r-t ... J

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W I~ ~~. " c.J1l..i.a.,J'.' fl., -. ,-,,_,,_.,-,.,~ .• !';'.J_"

- i ",~ ~ J,

29

you are able tOI do so.He said :, You have

, . ·--'k'h,- .'.' ·'rh· tlv .-". 'd'i ,.- . "'.c'-,-·, amazed

spo ,en,ng '_,' .. -.' y, ,an,-· . we wlere ,amaz _ ,

at him, asking him and sayiqg that hie: had spoken ,n"ig:.r.hl,tl-':-y··.·... He said: Th -- -I,e-n

,IP.,._ I' I '-." _"','_ r -. ,_. . ,---:1 .' ._ -._~,' "!Ii ______: -_'" ~_, _,"I . ,_" _" I,

teD. me: about 'imii,'" . 'He' said: It is to believe in Allah, His ange .His books,

H,'·, -'I /e_'~[:'--.. . '!. '., ." -d- the T ~I-'-' 'D'--:-"

__ -IS mlessenge~, [an. '_ 1 1'_ Li:Uit - .. ' ,ay,

- - d' ." -1..._1-[ ... divi des '. bo .. :L,

an,. 'ro IOC' teve m divmedestmy, 1--: 'lUI.

tb,p" g,.: .. --rli and the evil thereofHe said:

_"J!II,I'_:I~'I __ .' . _.J',''-. __ :_ _'-",_'_',-,1111, ,-' _ ,','.

-Y':;- h k· htl H' '·'d-

,,',OU nave spo cen n:g 1- t~y. ~ _f" 521)":,:[_,:

T-h -. - I] - h . -'·'L,._ . Ie: H id

',II,en I.e: , me a---ou't ll"uijRu~ .: e' smr ,::

It js toworship Allahasthough you

are ;seeing Him, and 'while: you see ,Him not yet truly He sees you, He said: 'Thien tell me about the Houre' !j He

- -_-

.,~,.-:-- id: 'Th-' . .----,.--, - ,- ,'-- ti .,_..J .. ' '00-""" '~t- !!lI,t-

sal,~, .. " 'e one q UlCS, o,n~tx.l [a_ ,u,~, I ~

ImOM nOI better than the questioner II

Had 'Th' -- 01-' '00 ." OI'

__ ,e said: -., .,en 'te~J me a bour 1.15, :ngns.

'H' ·d-j Tha ..,;l..' '~I ill '.'

. ~I,e' saI:._:: '. .nat me ,I ve-gm Y/L.~ glv[e

30'

;#!!" 10!,' ~J

bi~1 ::

liiIi 'eif

-... ' ~J

,~tJI~ ::,;

",

-'" ... lilli' ;

J.l; ~~I nl

311

birthro her mistr~7andtha[ you: wiU

h b ,., d I k ... -I' d '.,

;see' t ,te __ aretoote I~ I,nac_ ~ ru" • -,es:t1 tute

herdsmen competing'inoonstructiR\g lofty buildings, Then, be took himself ,off and I stayed for a time, Then he said: 10, 'Umar, do you know who the

~ ? 1- '"'d AI-lab d '-H' e-".,

questioner' was ~_t " sal': I,: s: , ",-. ii, ,arl~, , ;- 0,

:M,essengter know bestvHe said: It was IG,ab,net, wh.o, came to youto teach you

your J'1e'ligion 0,

7.' J'his, ph,fa1ie is,capaibJ:e ,of mor,e dla.:n one :in~erprcta'lion_., ,;\moftg those giiveu b, an .. Na:waYl In :b1s, oornm,enltary is, Chili, slla'¥\e~ds wi~,~giv,e b~rth Ul sons, and datJghteD whO' 'wiU,beoom.errtcc and so be ~he nHls~en of'[oose' who bor-ethcm.Th.c~wont, t&Rl, :nonna~~y mms~led "'s];a'Ve1Prr~ II 151,a11O ,capa.ble: ,ofmeanmR'aJn,_ woman. in dUll W,t! a,R' ,aU :s~aves or se'fV·ants .of God" 'Tbe' 'wordis, ,afed1us, ,capilb~e:ofbeariDig ,Ihe' meaning: ~'When ,awomaa,_ wiUFv-e' birilh, lOt her master" ~.,e ... a dme wi~llc",gn~' w.h~m, [h:i~d.f\Im, win have sol.iJtd!erespc('c. rQlr~he~r moth.ers lhalt they wm l:ral't the:m likesf'Nan.ts.,

~e'CiDmmen'mllors, point o!ut, thai! .be.re 'the 'wo.Jd.mAifJ (mistr-ess,) l,ftcJud.t'S, 'me m.ucu~1iIle ,abb (master).

32

33.·· .. ·

.' ,I

n.:..", ... L,_ - .• L,_-Z,- -of-'- .-, A'bU' _, i"Albd' _j -- '8 ... ' .... ,-ml·,

'-'IIu1t'aU'UIUJ1~I,1:y -'-_: ",~ _'.~, ,.' .. ,,' ,ar·~i I' '111

CAbdu'lIah, 'd'ie :san, ,of 'UIDal' iibn aJ-Kha,,1h I( may ~i\Jllah

I.... c::iLICd:- .•. ..,L, ;i;,L . L..;.,. .. 'L, \ .' L_. - .:- ~...I ,. 1:- L,_";;__,I AIL .....

~ P,_v:kir:z ~IIII 'IUI."I UUYI}" '\¥,uU S8.1U;: ,'IKiVu IUU::'

Y' -... of' AD' ", '_:L (' .,L ..... 1...11···· .• ' .-~ . ..I r' _ ~.~_'- .. ~, lao' 'may ·uJC lu ISUnp iIirU peaeeo'_:

Allah IX upon, 'him',' - .Y-.?:: : - , .

'_ "I ,-.

Islam ,has been bUU'1 'Din five

[' ·'111_, '] I .• '£:, .'. th-· th" ~

'Pl_lArs",I':, ,,~es:b,ly,lng tnat mere ,1:5, no

,,m [but" AJJah ant! that~ Mu,h,a.m:llIad,

.' the' M~Ia:' of ,AI,Iah",pelfu,ll,ning

.:L_ nD:---~ pa-.vj-ng' . ·th·) .. ' ' ... £::,. ' .. _'L,1!

IUft;' ,r" .. '~~y""I\"'J _-"1''';'' ,.' ", e ~,,,,;,, :mafi,lng

,,,,,,~, ,-.' .. )'-;----'-1 :---:;-----, 10', -:-. 'dt:, 'H'" ii - ... 4 -,-~

UK: _. plagn~ge ,'_~_-' e ~, c..:OU:H:"'"' " illUD

f3I,Ii.,..·· .'.' , r 1Il"'~I' jII'~I'~'A..a.1 ~n,."

1_, __ "_" , __ .• L~ __ I I~"II""_- fill

•• , Tihe word.:. '·":pillllars,'" dots, no'I app!'~~ linl the ,Ara1blc' but ba.., be .. " .. l'I'.)p~'il-d :1011" ,ciarrili,Y' O'r' mtQ,llilllK.Pilla,n, ,I',d'Ilta.), li'~ libc' 84;·III,t·f,a~lly a(\cq,tBlltrfllJl1 in m'll, ~unIL ... 't,.

2" SI."e Nol," 2' 10' Hadlil(ih 2'.

:1. St~ ~'Olr:' ! '10' Hadillth ~;.,

."1 ,~

• "J" e- ~t ....... ..:Ii. ~~H: ~~I ;,o~"11 ", j "', I. ~. '.' ~,~ .. :_I.·.'II."'!::I

' ..... -,-) - ~'-J. '-- -.' -'. , ... '~ '.""'. '-..1 IiJ I ...... '-,-IJ .. lb. "JOi~-t!!' '" WI.

'~~I- ,'~~ 1,,1,1,. J- ,"

On the' authoritv ,of-Aba 'Abd ar-. __ I ,in "Abd,~nahibn Mas~'~d (may Allah ~ be-pleased w,~th hi,m), who said: The Messe;ng:er ,afAUah. (may the blessings, and p,('ac(:' uf i\Uah be U'l:)(~n hiDl') and heis the tn~lthnd,." the believed, na.r-rall-d, to us:

Ve'rilvthe creation of each-one of you is, 'brou~ltlogeth!er in his, mother's belly for forry days in 'the [olnn of seed" then he js a ,cl!o[ of bleed for a like

~riod,.th~ .. a .m~rsem~f flesh for. a like period , then there IS sent m him

theangel who, b,JOIM, the breath lofli[e into him and who is commanded about four matters' : 'kt write doYl:(l, his, means, ,ofli'ven,hoodl', his life span, his, actions, and whe th er happy or unhap!plY Bv :J\ll~,!oth~r than-'Wh'Qrn- -'th~e,~e '~no

,god",verily ,one ,of you behaveslike the people of 'Paradise until there is but an ann's lie, _ between him and it, and that which has been written over .. , takes him and so he behaves Iike the people of Hell ... fire and, thus he enters it ,;, and one of you behaves li.k!e the people ,ofH,eU~fi.re until. there is but

I:. Li.II.·~woRls,·~.

:.1'.. 'rh,~ Arnlmcwolid ,r1i.l1 also, ~such shad .• ,ur 1'l!u:,~anill",I'aI, "'da~~y bir,ead"'" ··fortIL1IR~· ·l! "let in Hfe··,t 'it'llH!~manot pro,vid~, 'h, AIah ~""titc ..

" f.i

, ' '''' .. , .I.' _ .• [~,' ~ .. ": '."' ., '~." '.··.!t~.·.~. ' ' '. '''(S'. '.1 .. , ' :~ I~

1.:tWJ,J']""I .~' ~'. ~". I~ ~'-.-.' .,C . "', ~~~I.I,I

W'~:;~! I.'=_ .';' I· ,I ~' --. , ' , "I~ I, II!;

, ... ' ..... ' ' __ _I ,,,"'

:I.' .. ~ ~. ,~.I ,.,. "$i :.' '. ~ .•.. '''. '''Jt:1 : :.~,'.~ .•... ,'~.:.- .. '. ' .. ' ~.~ .•.. '.'."" ' : .•..... *'.L.'.'O:L:.'I f' '" '

,~I , ~'" ~' ~I " ':::"': '.,~ __ ' <_ -, ,~ .. , , ",J " " • -, I 11JtI1~'

- _", ,~, !'I- .rii'" !,,'---..I;jiIf" '-,' - '1- :-:::_.:'.

" '1-" grh- '-I be -. him . · __ .. ...11 ~.

an ,anns Ie. D, ... '.·. ~L i~~twem, .• '. liL!_' il.UU,Ilt. .... ,

a - ,'_ ... ..J •••• th:-!a--:,ti w:',:·,hi·:- ~;l..L-''''i beell wn' rritten over-

iIIlU, '.~.' '- __ ._ .. _'. L~I_ ,UI .1,1iU .' _,' - ',_ 'r: ., ,- -.1,· .IIL,~,,II; U ~, __ ,

takes . "1_1,11, and so he behaves like:th:f:

~ - -- - - - - - - - _. - - - -

people of'Paradise and 'thus he entersit.

J..: : •.• ~ .. ~.'#'.

I .~.

, .... 1.-.

'",1- . __

.'

.

On, the a.ulhn~·ilty of th.c .Mo:thcf .or dl~.· Faidl£ull=, U[miml~Abdul~,ab~.A'iSha 'f may Allah, lle~)li(~iJl~(~~ ,,,i 1.1111 her], who said: 1"h.e MfSS'C'nM:rr of AUai111 (. n1ay t.hl~' Ib:.~~!ii'" sings, ,andlJeace' ofAUab be l~II'Xlil. billn) :said:, .

He who innovates som.e'thing in this matter ,of ours thatisnot of it will ha,ve it rejected.

It was :rt'J!a.r~(d by al .. ,Bukhir'i cIIIU:I, Musll~~nl. 11[1 C:)~Ui~' 'v1cn;ion 'by Mu~dill1l it reads:

He w.ho does an act w.hich our maltier isnot [jn agreemen t] 'with w.UI

bl3ve it.rejec·[.ed~. -

40

i~

"

41

II"'\.. ',I.~",. I·'l" ':'" .... , ' ..• ,'A 'II ,,"I" ~'A':'" 'I-' .. ..J I' -1,·,·'11 ... ': 'N-"', "-"l~ -

v,ll Id,ca,UhlOIU:y '(.lI,nli)U "Ildb an an- ,". U. man

the 'st)n or Bashir' It m,ay Allahbe pie,ascd wi,'lh them hudl ~. \\\"hu said :~- I, heard t,he fvl,cs'seilg;;cr of A,llilh tln~ly du:"' blrs.~i:n,g$1 ,u1d peace ofi'\Uah htfJ nl](~ln binl) Sit)':

Th hich i I wfu'" III ,', '1" ,. d,at wmc ,', IS ',a",', - .• 1 ispram ,an~l_

that 'whi,ch is unlawful is PIJain and between, 'the bvo of them are dou.btftd

- ., 't'l ti' .,- abo " .. -'h''',-~ I~-: t 1-- ~ __ :c-y .,-, -III ;i:!; mla ... enl a.· " .. ,u, .. , w,_, lU,1 no~ man,}_ peop_~

know, Thus he 'who 3YO',j,ds dlQUbtfuI, matters clears, himself in regard 'm hisl

,_, '. _,--I·,", ..... , , I, ~'_,I _" ' ______:,_, I"!!i!!!!':~,~.'- ,'

religion and, 'his, honour, but be 'w,h,o, fans in,to dou'btCul matters, falk into

h', . hich ." '." . ·'11 .. !" .• ",£,' II I"k'· . 'h'" ' ". 'h'" rd

t __ atw I icn IS, un,l,aWlul" hke tne I. ep herd

,vhu pastures around a sanctuary,

'II)' ~ - • herei '1' 1

al I '.Jut g·' .. razmg .. ~ '(1 jerem, .', :ruv everv

~. ~. ~ ~

kin!' 'has, a sanetuarv, and truly AUah ';5,

l'l , ~ His ,~ ,>, hibiti ,~ 'T-I' I

sanctuary .IS .1 . '.;. p"rol_Ll=ltlOns,~ ... nJlJlY

in th.le body there ,is a morsel ,of ,Resh.

hi hi ., f' • be hol '11 th' I bod ~,

'W ien, l' It .•.... ~. w. 'iQ'JIe:,. an me I:_, ~I',-Ily IS

whole and which 'I :if it 'be diseased, all.

f .. · d · --' T-'- I' .. • h h

orit IS, uiseasea. '__c ru y i'[ :is tne . neart,

4,2

" . ..

''''"

~- •• '=fl

,"

''''~''''''''',

,

1

~i'

,. ;~rJ~'. 1 '11

lit:

"'" !lflii

, ....... '. '~.,:;J.'

, ~,_'._- ~.- - c 11

- - - ._I!

-, , ~' '1 ..

I~.J:- '.'~- .• - r

., '.," ',io - - J ItS ,J I " ~ " lJI

, .",

On lh,(', :IUl(hori~· ,ofAl?a R.uq~a~·,a_ 'Tanrlll.ln ibn . AJUs, ad. .. Oiri 1(~maY' Allah, be pl,casedwidl him,), 'thallbr Prophet n,n.a,,,~ the bl,e5Siinp, a.nel 'peace ,ar Allah be' 'r~polJ

h;i nil,} .1 id' ; ,.' - .

Religion'· is sincerity',~ 'We said:: 'To,

,-_,om?' He: said ': To Allah, and His.

Boo!k: and His 'Messe"r, and to '[hie Ieaders ,of chie Muslims and their common fol,k@

~

I I

.

I. 'n~(~ i\ ~dbi}(,W41 :~rd, t:UJf14a bas a, 'Y'ane/IY' [of mca:nin,gJ" Ilh,£ mosl '(,'1():~lI'm,o-nbei,ng _ "goodl adl\,'iv("1'~:, whi,ch :i,s ob,,~olllll:y nDsuita'b~l~' in II'b.e' Q),I1I'lieXI" 1'1 aim li\"lt!S diJemeallinl'Q£ '~",d:oilll j,usdceloa pt'no:m or' :shllllla:ti,(ulJ""'I,"'pli'Obj,l'Y~~ ,. • "i:nf!epity:'" , aDdlthE lite,.

1," .. $ .. -' ~ ... IV._' ... '.·" s·-

'~I~.IJ'.'

,,"' ...... '-

I~

4&

· lhave'be,en .olrden.d lO,figb.tl:

~ns~ ~;.rb~t ~tes~. :::

M·u·. b.·. -'." '-, .. " :._ I .'- .•... ,..1.. 1:". '''rL.- M·, P:fl ..........• c;pn.- -.17Pr' .. ' .. , -1 '., .. 11._ •.. : 1.. 1' .. '.' .

! " .' iU:I,DLI~IiIU, ,.., u-a:·, 'I~~~-~ UI, ·ruUIII

and, . until. they perfom 'dle playien,

and pay the' ~"'I' "and, :if they de ,SOl

":11... ·U L,_.. ,~, -...I" ,1':---

Uley WI_ ,.IKlve ,gaJD.1U 'pro,tecuon HUll

fa· lb·· ,~ H' est and· - nI

,:--::-,,-::--. '-J !I.'=·"~ I.' __ ' '--','1""-'_1' _- ,'-:-1 '~"_-_ i __ "_'_-,-' ,' __ ' __ ""_',1 ,', ,- -- .. -- ' ,-

~I~~,r ~I eD'_V)~I_" property" UI I, . 'est

[' 'I hey' db ,acfl that are -puniishab,l.e]1

ina " :-,. =; ·rd·. ,: lanlce ,wi th··· ; 1 I' ·1- - .....•... ·;:00" .~. lib I •• ,.'"' .

_ _ __cco_. _ _ __ .. _ .' , . S ,am" a '_.. . ..' ,elr

m::.koningwiU be with .AUah Ithe

AI" .. h -

.- :- .. '~. .. 'i

___ ,m1!.· .. I-C.rv.·· ... · .• ··~

Inl ~'

I ~ ,SR" ,Notr ~: toHlad'hh I'.

'II". 11.S:Ia:m1 ·ad"_ates :11.11 mn"'enion, be b,y con\fi.Clliun. ~liIr~.f' H~d'" (lprrl'lD,says,: '~No, C01II:pabioo, in :~pm'.~~, ,...:I Ia. _ al:D()dlu

pusap; Ihe:AJ·.~sh.tr." ~ '110aD umlO llile way ,of lhY'LoJd 'with 'wildan ,and rai, exIIortaliml, ,ud rRIOII with, 'Illetn. in die beuer way"'rf., 1iIIe' wacI. ,ot war is njoiMd: ,.IIUI· curain ,cat.,na rlpmot1Iltich. as,_ mose who, :11. 1~_M,DIfim OHI'n'l)r~ dtoJeWM' p~!t .dlepruehi.,.: ,and .Iad 01"111"1 'by pa~rfu~~

meal~ ,and ,.pusta,Ies. .

3.1 .Se!e· .N!olc· 2: '(,01 Hadii'ch 2 .•

4....Li I .. ~,~ Ihn', bb.1Odt ", ..

4.,

• o#'JI ,.i

;, [_.1.1

J .';'_ iii' ~--I-·II J .. - t,-' "

, . 'it'

47

(),lll ,t he ,a 1IIIlu ~ri t Y C Jf All ,u..,1 uraira Abd ar-Rabnl;an ibn :~akhr unay Allah be pleased with him I"whu sajdi:

I h(";;:url lIu~' ,MfSS(·ngtT of ,Albd], r 111clY du~ h~I('~~"in,~1S and 'I)('·"~'·'(·' uf Allah he uponhim) say:

Wh:at I 'have' fb,rbi,dden 'to you, a void ,;, what I have ordered you II 'to do] " do as much of it as you can, It was onlY' their excessive ques,tioniqg' and their

d) isa --C'gr- ·-ee-::ng·~ " -W' vi th their Pro ophets th at

_ I., '_' '_:1' .-_:. ~\I.··'I"·.> ,_'",_ - I." -, ~_ ' '::_"_',I::-' .,1 .. ..'..,1 .1 .:-,'_ ,-

destroyed those who were before you.

« • !II!

,jj ,rijl ~., .~.' 1.' ..... 1 • '"'.'")-' .. ' "'I~I ,_. '_ ~ , "'''' ..... ', I I~.· .;

':,,'"".11_".1_1 ~~_'."'_ ...• ,.,r.'",~., _. "'.... .. i ..

_, " _ .II;"'" ~' I~ . ,II ~ • .J!..J'" ,.~11 ,~

',_I ~''; ~" '1",;' "

',~. I,~ t. JAt .. ~'.~: ~'r.,-1·. _:'.-.' I~ •• ·.- .. ,·I ~ I~i J. J.- ~.-- . :."'-t' ;oJ" ... ' ".' ... '."_'. II). . ....

U .Je~,,- • '_-. __ . ,~I ,. ,..,) '"-- ... ~'

'. - 'J ~ - "". .,.-"~-

;, '~, '!' • ~-. ~ .... ,,. _;' ,J.

W.Q , r-;·h,;'.,.' [., ~

J. '

I'r .t! ..•. :II ..... ·.· .. ,· a.~.': ~. i .. ~.~.··.-.i".··. __ .'.·~.··,,'il·.r. 'Ii~ •....... I.(~: ~'~- .. ".:"" ·., .... :tt.i.·

'. 1,- , __ ~I'II '"I' "_'-_' .I~:IJI---_,".-.!. _~---_': 0 1"- '.,. - I". -, I I

I ' .... '... -- . 1 _ ","' : ,- . ., ,- -

,',- . I ,~... ' , ..

:$

49

HA:DIITH; '1 Or -

Allah, the Alm:i,gh,ty is good ,- - ,accep:rsonly that w:hicb is,good.Al has commandedthe F,a.ithful, todo I,t, wbi,ch, hie commanded the Messengers, and the' _ ni --htv has said :: '"0' )"e 'Mes,seI~.rs '!: Eat of _-:. :good •• 1..... -.-~ ..1- lip- 'II lAn" id A'''''_'CIII,8!l1!W1 UI.I :_c-----;.,--eJ'L - --:-(,__'__-~----

theAlmi:i .~- ., hassaid: ''U' ye who, lbeliieve'! -Ea. of die, pod' 'd..,p,

wherewith 'We "va pnwided yeu.;II2, en he mentioned I[ the case of]

it man who, haviqg' journeyed. far" is 'UkI~"I"evell~and, ,dusty and who, s,p~ads ou.th:ishands to~e :sky Il sa -' '.' )'1 ':

o Lord ,! ,0 Lord !-, w'b'ileh.m, rood is: unJawful,his Idlink unla.wful""his ,clothing' unlaYlfld, :and he is nourished unla 'J ' y, SOhiO\Y can be be ,answ,erioo !

It was,n~.la,'t!edh\" ~:I t,~SUn,iL

.'

I. 'Q~lr"ln: verse 5, I , maPle,r iZ3,· 'I. 'Q.,ulri"an:::v'Cntl j2 .. dm:pter 2.

'50

HIADITH 11

'"

()n the a.uilhuril)t f.f J\blii ,M!uhamrnad aI •. I;I~'n .

• 1..... . .-. - _#' IA· a· ." '~'L._. ·A···· 'btl ·T: .. 1'··b- .. L_ ,~nd~ _r' .:L_

'UaE' SOlI. 'ul ·:_._._lluu_,_i .I.all.', 'wi: .""~I' I~WC'

'M" '. . ._1" .... 111._.L i . ..L .... 'b'I' 'i. --..I . . -'" .... 11_.1...

_IISII!IW.· UI nJWtn \:may :uiC' .•..• _.:iUU peace 'ul ,nI l1li1

.be '.pon 'hii!mIJI ,and lbe oncrntKh IXlov'm lot h.mll .~. may' Allah ibe· ple,awxl: with I hem brJlh )1~1 who said:

_I manorisa:l. {rom, .cbe .MCSSCD,pr' of .Allah (.ma.y

,-:~- '~II.eji:nM:a· . ~~ i~~,,,,,,. ~rAJ-1 ·I,,....I..t._ ... '-u·-·1WlI'lI 'h-IIII~ " ," -

U/Ie DI;~ ,r" .IIU, !r~~" lB. I I ,~,_.iII;1J IIIC_-FLI!!I'-" ' , ._ "'_1 •

Leave thai which mum you. ,doub:1 for 'lhal'l. which does noI. :make 'you mUlhil .•

II ·wa. 'ITlat.m by a:I, .. Tinnid;hi· ,a:nd ,aa-,N",I:, al",~f:'ilrmidllti .yilll dUll ill was,.!JODd aDd sound Hadidl~

I'~:=-;r=;.~-:= :::".=

u. AlIt •• , me ....,1i·:s,muliR.IACI.IDIM ..... ~

I .. A.t·TimdA,i , NIII'w,c,re 'IDR,piIm ,fII __ ,tJl die_

:~ ooI_I ,.H_Ih.1 Ihe ... ~pi"'; 1JeiDI:::

at D~-';"l.'l... ·r.. I •.• ·.a _II~'~. .t. L .. ~ ....... .al . ~~..Ji IlL-ill .' •. ~';;"" 1 __ ·~rl. ,i~ ,iQUIIII1I:,i "uti ,IJIII--t ,.nil] I~'un !~"'.I

52

..

...11- .. ~ ~ .. - J r ; ,J f.-" :. '.' ~ .. ' .. '._. d,~ ._' ...... 1 . ~I""';" ...

• -, r ·~"'w oiIl

&3

Oatbe ,a,utbority of Abu Hl.Iraim l may Allah be

1- .......:11 ~th h- ' ' .).. ". ·.h ...• . ' ·.d'b ·M •. ' ..• ' •.... ' •.•.... ' '. ·.f AU h

p.'~ WL.'lmw~ ,0' sal:, t._f_essenger o. __ .21, ..

( ":LL.I- 01 d fe, A'I"I-'L. 'L..... 'h'·), 'ma,YUle Li,essl~,an~, peace 01• . ,'. i '~Iiln lie upon " l!m;

said:

Part of someone's 'being' a good Muslimisl hisleaving akmethat which does not concern him,

A good Hadithwhiclt was related ~'}' al ... T1irlu,ildl[Il ~uJd IOlbl"'n, in this Ihrnl.

,.-

II,.... .,. _.r ,'..... • ... r..... • ,I •

" 'I 4~~ '1'~,~; !1~1 'r-,I~' ~'~I •

;'~, ,.1 _" < ' "I ,I :, --, I"

55

On the au'thori,I~' I~:lf ,A,II),'~ Hamza Anas ill)tl ,M,ai:ilk

A- llah L. ... , ,- - 'II -,--, - ~-I '- .,'. d- - II -," __ - - - -II-"~ --~, - .,- -- --,tfll :"1'" -1--') --:.

]nay "lJC pseaseo "",I, I, ~um}~ I,U servant or uu

M'es~nglcr 'of AUah ('may tbc' bl"es'SiI.~, and peace ,(),~' A,Uah be upon him), that the P:l'ill)ht~1 I may diu" Ih~'(~'iinjt~~

I I~ t-\'~J J I '~ . id

,Ii - 1-" - '1 -_ .',ii_ _-_, " I I .', Ii - ". iii - -, - ~ . " ~I ,I.! - ,- 'i!!i

iUl(, p(",ac,t 0, ~, ' ,~l '11 _IX upon, lun J !'IitU, I ,.

None' of you ~ truly JI beli,(I>\ .',(-,;, until hewishes foc,-r' his broth -e,-r- wha t he wis--::,h-Ies •.

,_,_,_.' __ ,iJ,l~ 1,'.--. ,____:_ _-.__:,' __ " __ ILI. __ , _. ,i,'. I .. _".',,"

.c hi I-f" lo,r':llnse '.,

I. . AI I HIS ibm,Milli,k.,,,,,heB still, ,a,yolll.ll,di~1 _was, ,ft11pJ~ by die PmphClt 'ct...; a :S:t"ry'II'lllt ,alod iis, Ilh,e ,3111tihunltv :[or :manrvHacUdl. He is often - -1'::." ... -.1 - - - ,h -h-- -- - - d tl·~ d - f' '-h- '"to. - - r:::-' ' 111- - - .. ". n"n,,~ In as-I __ e :srlVanl an~ Inm __ IO~ It ~e ';:VI'~ o_-,A.,Eah -

56

- iI:

'[.'''",',', '~-",','

, '!II ."J

,~,

,~ ....

:" J, ...... "'"

., ," ..

I.

.'

51

Th blood f' M" )".

e mooc 0' a ,_~us:un mav not

'be' lega,Uy spilt other than in one ofthr-ee

to instances]: the married person "w::-'- ho

",1,,&1:1 . -'" on' ,-' "'~ _. Iii -, ,_.~ , " •.. _ • ,-", ~'-_:_:_'--' L '.' .. -_' _ _.·I, ~,I, ' __ ,~__r! . ..:.._: ..

,c,o,mmi,IS, adultery; a .life' for a ,life; and

ho ~' k hi II~ ,~ d

nne' ~,c_,'1 torsa ses I.,·~ religion an ~ .

aba nd €,~i~,," the eomm iumtv

_ .. ' '_' '. VI," I!",-u-,- _oU_ _ " ··1 "_ ,c'V.

~

Itwas r-c~,altd by al-Bukliin and ,Mu~l~~,111,.

58

-. (1..... ' ......

:, ,~,

~'-

.~ L ...

I"

-

~

~..-J' .))

1 ••••• -111 .-

···.,~I ~

,I __ , .....

"~' ..... - •............ ' •.. '.".'. :.'- ... 1.'''.-.· • ,-- ,~- 'JJ. ..• . ,ill

, '

iI· I"~:: - III -- "':I"~, • ,..J':, .•...

~.!".~ 'I' ,,--,.~n ~ ,oN'

I , . ~ _, ~:II '_.

...

• --:¥.~ ... :~_(.;.1! .. '.I.·',.·;,.J ... ,Ci:r~ ~.- .... ~ ... · __ I,~." .•. ~I.J.' ,1~rJ·· .. , ••... ,

.' " I!I!I ,# ~_.. ,#',."" ._::'.' L

'" <ii'

••

59

On the aUilbority lof Aba Hu~.rd, (1lDay AUah be pJeasedwidl him] , that the Masen!ga- of .Allah fma.y rhe blessil~ngs, IBnd peace lofA.llahl be npDIl h'i,m.J .said:

Let mm-;-""i -:1 · .. '·bo· '-"'1 believes 'm~'-, Allah

, . . , ' _._., W._, _ _.' .._ , IIII.,.;!ilI! , _. _ ,.- _,

and- the Lase D-·a····rv ... ··· 1~;·th··,I~ .. , I:~'" ~ ... , i·e·'·-·'··'I- o-=:r-

I .. _- I'~ _. C' 0,1,_- I'~--=--' .'!I/' ~' __ II_'~' '_:_~' li!ili~ .... _:>_

keepl. D_len,t" .. and let. him. who believes,

m~· - Al""ah'I" and;-]" ":~""'" "Ii .... '''''''11'"'-. ';'IY';- be ~';-Ii"'n"~UI"

- .. '-h1s',"!---- "-,.: "'h'~' .::~ ~andC_'" ,~(I"l" - ,'""-him'- . :-:~ ""iI!~h--'--

to ,)~,,- :n.eJ,g .JUUu·r ,. I t ',_ let I.:" 'I '1_ W.I 01

beli ., . AU' '-I-ab" and-I th ... 'T_ ...... , 'D" -- be-

_ _,eves, ID'-'·! :':' ,I •• ~'.'.- __ ." 'e ~I, I·':&Y,:

1...: ...

;generous,to .1 lUi gulest~.

'1- .. - i" I" .- -I ;-" . .,-.1 b . ~ 1- -8··-.-.-'~- , ...... .1 Il.JI ,.J"' .. 1.lt was, rr'a,lltu. .1\. ,3 .... - ,1.11,luliIR.'. KllftUS un,

- - !ill -- - -

, ;:.,-.,... 'J~' .~I-. .~ .I[~' "'.'~. ,,:.. .. , '''1;"'' ... ~.,. ...... ~I ,: .. ...

'''_~lc-tJ .. · ..• ,""_I.i_~ '~_~'H' i - .. - oo;j, ~'- I ,. ,.," .. Jil

_.. ,~I~ I' _, ..- J ,.J!~ .1 ,- ~_ - ,J 'I .Je'~ ~,I .j#

I - ,;if!I- I e- <F-- ,.,-.,

I.' r .... t.·.· ..•.. ·:1.:.;'

- "I

Ir, '.,;'_1

· ~ the authority ,or ,A,9U Huraira (may Allah. be'

I . ......JII .' .. L, 'h '. h ., J

P CUm WI,oJ ,I, I:m)~,w .~{)I said :

A man said '~O [he Prophet (may the 'b,ies,si,ngsl and peacc:' of Allah be _ _ ...., . hl-! ,- - -)'. :

upon nnru ~

Counsel me. H:e1 said: Do not 'become ,angry!' . The man repeated [his, request] several times, and he! said: Dol not become angry.

II, was related by al ... Bukhlni'I'

6,2

....

.. Ii,"~, ,,"' ..... _ .... , 'I:.~.

,~ .•. ;.~ ... ' ':'\ .. - .. t· •. ~, ~. ~- ~ -

~,- OW'~), ,i,i!.I" ~'!I ~

,,.. ....

tI, !Ii''''

4'N

'"":.1 ~- ... ~ ...... '- ..

'r-J

'Ontbe "auth,ori,tv of Aba Va"li Shaddid ibn Alu:s

"

(mil}" Allah be pJeased wi,'d1 him)" that the Meslo;t:"I:l:Mt;t'r

of Allah {may the' blessin§&, and peace of Allah be ulJOn

'1k~1 .-, ) ,~g id: ~ , -

R_m, ~_.~

V '·'1- AI' ·1-l..L,....... ~·L.......II

~. _ ,en_.y .' /_ ' .• ~l _ .. J,ms plrescnLJfU

~ro.· •. ·fi~iency .. ~. ; .... ,1. .. 1 .•.. in. a .. 10 '. i ..•.. thi' •. _. -I~"~._"I,·~ •. I" .... 'Th.· ~"_[_., U.,S. !, .... if .. 'Y.\. - .. O ...•. ,cc .•• 'U.J,

III I -- 'II~' ..1 ·if"·· ,e- - ':' 'II" 'I 1t" _'--.

_ I, _ I we:_. _,' ,.w ~_. you, I ,a, _ ,.1 I,er,

$,laughterwe11 Let each one' Q_- you

·'h···· '.' .' 'L:: ... , blad .... --~ I . 'him- .~ S.II~ ,IWS'jf,e' W....et_L_,_~ ,sp:are'

suf£eri:ng m, the animal he slau,ghters .. ,

·I-'~. '." ~ -,e-., ·U.' ..... "~ ,1!l::,I! .... , a' ~' :'2I,d, 11.,:1', •

• _I ~I ~ L~;''4I:!L'~ ;-1 "" ' .' t ,., _ --

14

" ...

~

I: ..

'.' ~

-II· ...

~ v··

""" ... ' -::

• I'~I~I

Fear AlI-.·-1 ~,~ ·w····b!-:-~~,·.·.r·.- U.i,O-.:.U-._.- .. ' ~.'·-',r.l""'.·.·

'. - - _'. -CUI. .. ... ._""' • ._.,. ~1··· ' .. , U!. """."

.~ fo~~ up. a~ ,deal with a F

one and 1I.t wilIvnpe It. out, and -, - ·.av,t

weD ·mwaRts,people.

1.1 was, related by' at~Tinnidhl, 'who said i't. was, a . .,od . Hadi,th"and_m _ somecopi~ [of a.t.~T~dh1I's. ImUecdon]il.WII said CD 'be a ,P;XI and lotnld Harti.th.,

. . ..

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e'~~J'

.

,

[I

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I~··

H- - A·' ··DI-··I-I·T·-H!'-] ',-. 1-9

._ " .. , ./ __I I. _ ' __ •

'One Iday I w.,behi:nd lthep_fQPhet: (may the' '~I:essiDg$ .and. peace ,of .Allah be,upon. hi'rD.) and he said to me':

Youngman" _I ~. team_y~ some wolds [[ of advice ] : Be mindfuj,ofAlmah."

~ _Allah. ~llplroitectyou~Bemi,ndful

ofAJl-'1... d - _ ..... ..::11 ,c_...I -_ ~'iC.. _

_ _.-· •. _I ,: AI,I" ,an I. you ·Ww.I.DIu 'I - -I m .00D:t.

lofyou~, If'yoU ,aSk, ask ,of.ADab:;.ifyou .

........ -:,1. -h" c '1-' - :- ..... _1.'" ·h;:-·_l .-. A .'111,_ .1...1 ;-. v· . ...:.--

~. ne 'P" MXA. . .. ,gp nlUUI. AI~IOW

~that if the Nation. were'b), pth.er iCier' to ben:efi.tyou wilhanything, it:

,;:--.-·.Id···-L..-_-Ct-- ". ,- .. -. 'c'nl'hl-""- .-. '~'."",,- .. ,6'1..:::, ..--

WOUI1__Ueu,a.l_ you IO.Q1 M.DI. someuullg

.J\Ilah .had ,~ready prescribedfolr

yO!!" and that ~ if they ,sather ~:dler' to hann unuwidJ. an·ri'I,.~Ii",~,- tbf!VWDuld 'h-- - ' •• '- -'--'- ,-_. ,',' --'_'- .- ~'th.·· " u.U!.II\5_ ,--.;-1 ··A·· - . -m"w-ah:

n "31~ you" '." ,- : 'I '0,' 'I:&n' I I' :~e', i J '-11- ," . . .:: I~ IC"

I_;_.R&.IJL~,I::·- .'.,1 "',- __ ,' "',1.. _,_, ,~"I., .. " - ", - ~~ . __ I_

had ,already prescribed for- you .. The pens have' bCen lifted ,and the ' , L_,.. I. ~_- .. ,dri·-r-:.fI1

:I IiIW Cl.I.

It was R'latedbry' ac .. Ti.flnidhl, 'who! said. :ic was,a ,good and.sou!ndHadilh~

In !aversioo other than thac ,of at~nlmidhi: it 'reads:

_ Be mindful, ofAllab"yDU wil find

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,. e : ... - "=',, .,

~[S I~ ,.J.,.~

ltl· .of'

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'y~' rJ!JI

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~- ... ·1II-1IV

'.

~~.~ ~s ,._: - It .~. ,.,~ .iII1\It :_C~_ .J:I I~ ~I ~"II

II L 1", ,! I

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,.,. _ iiIII_" "

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-- - . - ., _--" .,-"-,' •.

~~. _.~

Him'" "W ' "Get"~- " " know, , Allah"'" I, '.

-, , ' C=a:fe' vnu" [ ,,'-,I' '10' ;, I "-~,,,-, " ,/" I" ~~" m.,r-

- --- _-_' .. ,I' ~'!!!IIiII!!. . -' -_."._" - _.... " _' . "-' ,_I '. -_ - -' .,'

., am''-:- H-'- .",.,-, know '.

'~'_"- -,-".--- I"'r~ ':-'1";1 -',- ,.~, - ,,""'-,1'-,' '--·~"I-' ,',-

PJ!ll~,ly _" "", ,I',,~ ""'" ~ I I ",,' you, ,m

ad\reni,ty", ,KDOW ~ 'what_ ~~.pa'_ you bv', _not: -,--[- -, ~ , to ber.111you ,and

that what, has _:, '(C~, I '. I,'YOU was, DOl

,ii' b And- -" 1_,_"., .. tha' -

1IIrII,IIID' 'to',;, past YOU"; "",' :-,V, ":,' tUltnY'I:::-t":

_ cOnICS ~ •. p.timce, relief

I.'&L, ' " , I. ,-,.'", , __ .II ' " '-th-' I L_.-..I...L.::

'WI'IUI ,'--, 1,~'_I~CbOD,iIDu, raae Wi,' '_ ~p,.

'* • •

71'

10ni the ~ut.ho'rity ',of ~ba o'M;as"'iid'U'qlba ibn. 'Am,r aJ.Anf,in' al .. ,Badrl' (ma,y Allah be pleased wi,th him)" who said: The M,rs.q,r,ng:ef of Allah (m,ay th~ bllessi~ andpeace of Allah be upon him) said ,: °

o. Among the words people obtained

from 'the First Proph,ecyl are: If you feel no' shame, then do as you. wish, ~,

72

Ir~' :i:

;1

J: "

~ ~I'I,

.~WIII

'l . said ,: O'Messen,ger of A1.lah",

-II me :some·thi,ng about Islam w'hichl can ask. lo£nol o~e·bu:,[- y~u~ He said: IS~y :: .lbeliev,e:inA.llah - and th!erea:li::er be u.pri,g.l1l~

,1'1-' '·w·'·a·· Cl related b 'y" 1M, " 'UI slim -

'_' ',I ',: _.' .. - .. ~ ~I' .... I, __ .:(XI; _ '.' ,',' "_ [J '_ .,ii:I I" J ,[ 1 ill

74

JI .}I c, 'iii ,.Ji" '''',.

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~,

On the autbori~ ,of AbU 'IAbd,ullah, Jlbi:rllhe' son.

or'·' 'I A 1xI· . 'U' 1111_ L. ·aI· JlMiIi<z,...I:' (ma·· . y'A 'n_'L be plea ..... ..I1 'I .. Jth-

'_' T;l ' ._,_IIiU.I, 1'_·,'·rul,aJLI ._:. '~_II:" .n£IiQ"I, I~ ''''',.,1._,,_1,

'diem bo'tb)1 : -

A man asked the Messenger' ,of ,Allah~ (may' the 'bl~ .. , and peace of ,Allahbe'upon hi~in): Do yOU! think that if'I perfonn 'die obHgat~ prayers, fast ,in, Ramadan, treat as lawful that

b·· 'L .' I' .. ,.,"£:',.1 and . - - '. c ~'~d:-d-

W JI(;iJ,l II. a,WUlJ.,-,_'_~ .. treat as 'IOllul .• ,en

tha ',' 'ti w,··bil·ch~. II IS·' ''::O''f.-b-:. ··~d' d en, land-·-=!~l_, no 'thil-. --;- ···ol!g·'C .. · cu-'~r-thJ'1 er "'·1' sh •.. ··.,I·aU:-'I·en'~t ... er-·"1 ~I -''():a-radi' -rl,~;~~)' '--HI-'-e.'

U .' .. ,., ,_ . _'.._ .r ~ ..... ,. ~.. '"

said '.' Yes

.:_I ... ,_ I II' " I, I, __ ._-- ,I !II

..

77

'O.ntbea.uiho:rilY ·o,r Aba .Mil·ik al~ij.lrith ibD .. ,''''' _ -" al ... Asb"',an· (may AUa:hbe p,leased,with bim.), 'w'he,) .id:· Tbe:_ ~M:e&'ien:g:er ,of .Allah (ma'y Ibe bl!essi.np, and peae!

,of Allah be upon hbn)lsaid: ' -

Purity is half ,of :fai'lh~ .Al'JJ;._I:

s: [!:t~n!o,t~llf Jo!U}. tt;:

Allah' ,from ev'ery impedec:tim JI and AI~/vJmduI:illiiA, [Praise he 10, Allah.] :fi.lI.tha,twhich is belWlcen.heav,en and earth, P.rayer is _ligl:ht; charity., a proof; pa,tien,ce _isl ill:umi.nation;. a I _the Qur'lnis,anargument for or __ ,"IDS,t

'E" . . h- d . ·

you~1 ._1,'1V'eryone :startsl" ,:IS_ ay a,~ .,11 a

v'cndor' ,orhia, ,soul, eit ._ freeing it lor'

bringing ,aoouit its ruin.. _

lew .. n\laltdlby MUI6m~

</I.

• • •

'701

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.. '11')1

100, the authoritv of Abu 'Dhar,r ,al-Ghi:fafi 1('- l11a.,·

~ , #

Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (may

the blessings andpeace of Allah be upon him) is 'diat ,amf)~l,g _ ~be sayings be relates from his ,La,rd:1 (may He beglori:fied) is, that He said. ::

'0 .•... - .•• ' M~ -, ,., .•..... - .... "'-It'f!" I' hav c £- rbidd .... . ~/II .y :servan~, _, " ave ,IO'fl,_ ,en

loppressilon for Myselr and have made :it fo:rbi!d,d,eo. amongst you " :90 do not 'Orp:pl:"es one another.

,0 My servants, all of you are

IDS, tray' excepc for thole' I haveguided, ek id . ... .. 'f'M' nd ·1_:L ..... 'i1 ·"d'

SOl :se . go: I. 111:an,re: '0: ,'. _,e a'_~-: = ~. ~.lalu 'Q'lI'II:J,e'

r-r IO~

'you. '0 'My servants, all ,of yooate

.h.u,ngry ex -·=t for those' I have fed:" so

'11_' t'~_..J of':" . nd ...•. 'I' sh aD" I' c: _..J " .. " 0: .

see .. :1u.uuJ _,,' le·a-~I " ,:~-" I leW you, •... 1

My servants, all ,of you are naked -~cepit for th,DSe' I haveclothed, so :Ieek dothiD;g' of ,M'e and I shaH clothe you. 0, M'y

IC--;.,·-:--'ts·::1 .,~,-~-.-- ... ,''',., by~~ - , __ ,,., C);h·-··t-- and ... _ .. by-'- c' d~ ,::: ,-

servants, you ,SIDe, mg_,_I_~~J_,~ "", .' ay"

d I £';'_,. U·' ek fi' .,

Ian _ Jw~ve: 3' I SIOI, , SO se--~:~ ,_OrglV:enfSSl

afMe and I shaD (otgive you. -

0- 'M' . "'0' I· ,.'

-.' .', .,' Y sClVants,yCfu wn not attain

ha:nning Me' so as tO, ,ha:nnM,c, and, you. win not attain 'ben,efitti:ng Me so, as, 'to 1M. -Ut 'Iii I Me ~ 0, !\fy servants, w,rlT' the

801

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.... >11' , "'~I"'" WI~

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:fint of' you and the lUI of 'YOU, the human, of you andtbejinn of you 'to

IU :pious IS! themost piousheart of any lone man Qfyou, 'that WOIJ, nOll, increase My' kingdom, in ,anydtmg~, 10 My servants, ~ere the firSt lof -you and 'the' last, lof you, the: human of you and 'the:

jinn ,of-you to be as 'wick,ed as themost

widi,ed heart of any one :man of you, tb,at would, not decrease My' ,kin,gd:om, in ;an:ything~ OMy servants, werethe first ,ofyan and the' last of YIOU'I the human of you and 'tiliejinn of you tOI

:rr:.jnan~e ~.r: ~~.::e~:

wha:t: he r-eqU:es~:ed" that would, not deereasewbat I have, anymoretb:WI, a needle decreases, the sea, :ifput in,to i,t.1

01.- - - Benr3nti" :it ,is 'but your deeds

that I reckon,up' for you" land, then :recom'peDSe' 'you for,. so, :Iet. bimwho

-I .' - .,.;,,~ i'. I and '. ~-t'" him

' p'.,I.~ " 11-. , I .le.,., ..• 1" I

I - --- , - .---- ._- - _ •• -

who IOltberthan bit 'blmte 0.0

lonc: bU'I, himself:

Jt was rela,ted by ,Muslim,.,

...

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,.<_ •• ,' ..... -'.:' .' ,Jwl .. -UrJ .. -' --.' ''''., , •. ,J. I, "

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A.Iao IOD. dIe ,audJorityofAJbu' Dbarr (may .AIIaII be

pleased ·wi.th. :him.) :, .

_. Th..A--~~: ... _s~ .... .I.2Iii· ill I'-pi .... .,&~;, Ali'! $1161611 ••• iii..._. II~'D' !ill,

~!I!I I, !II; I~DI~ '..,lIIiJllru '~i_'1! ,- .• ' ,~.,.,..,I ',:Us- IX:-~ • _WI,I.I'!!'[~',"t! .1'-' '"I

I!C'lSOliI whn mrl ,ilit" Pmpb.ft.~ hrlie\;-ed in ,him., and d.ied. a MuI6m~.

,~ 'TiD~ 'sav ,"" ...... _- :U'.I!I:J. " LI~.&_ ,~- ~'- .11[11.0. .... ,11..., L..-.-. . 1m' ....... ,. )~ .

• 11' 111,.' "/'~ '1lMI'II' I\.n:vw .. n.DiIIIi .u.n 'C:VCI'Y' '_.peI5:DOII~

.3" TfJ·sayAlt .. ..,,·(~ .• l1Qti .. ft)..' .

'''ir ... ·.'~A_ . .L. 1'·'._~1. 'P" .0. IL.·_· A. .• -lah' .~ <t.. I 0 U""'illf""flDlRH ,J!I.~lft,,, 'Ii _.rllle· '!IIr ID' nl .•..... ,'.

5 "F. . ' ,,',. :.'.1.- ,:,,.. ~.".-1. ··I"L • .. .~ b· ...1. :II[I._.IL)

'i 11'0: ',.£Ai: , __ " .. ' ... I~ _ .p!'n!' IS:IIO B~~'1I1 RlWI,"

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will he' have some reward for tha,t'?'He' said: Do you, [not] 'think that were he to act upon it unlawfully he would be' s,in:ning?' Likewise, if,he has, acted upon it lawfully hewiU have a reward, -

1'1: 'was,re:~altai bt :Muslim",

.. ..

· .. .

IOn 'the aU'thori~ lof Abu Htl'l"aira ,f may ,Allah be

'I- .... -,~ ..... IL-h'·')' .~lh·· id 'Th-:C;-C:::M' \,. ·r~ AI' '-'I h

P I~ WlJI.un J 1]10,1'1 w" 0 sal n: ,-e, .. essenger '0,-: _, __ -,8i,_'

(may the bl,essin~ and peace of AUah be Ulptm him) ·'d

saLI:

.,

I II ,'II .... ...ll ·b' -1- '-B" .~I·h- .- ~ ..... d' ·M· ',~=

I! II,w,asreat.aJ I I :,¥ a ""' __ U" ,lla:rl ,an., .·.·.·usUm.6

r.: - _.. . . . -

11.'.11.- .. ". lug

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II ~ ~. "._-- II! . _

"

H.A. DIIIT HI 2:7

IOn theauth.ority of'an .. N,3W1WIs ibn. Sam'.i'n (:may Allah be' pleased 'wi,th him) tha I: the 'Pm'phct. '(mIRY me' bl,essi:n:gs and peace of.Allab be upon him,) said.::

R:i,gh:ceou:sness, is good :mo!mlity, and. WfO'ngd,oing is that which wavers in 'Your soul and whi.ch you d ~;.ke people finding out, about

IOn ith.e ,aultb.ori.ry,of Wibip. .ibn 'Ma'bad (miay .Allah. be 'pleasedwidl .him.} ~"whosaid :

I' came to the Messena1et of .AI.IJa~h. (mayth.e·blessiDI and,~Ce' of. lab be upon him) and he said :::¥ou have

- ' __ '1. ·L..... ~. h' ., '1

come fo .aM..a.ooutn,g cteousn.ess,~,'_

said:Y:es,t He said :: 'Co'DSul.1 you'r heart, .RigbtiOOUSIIes8 isthait about whi.ch thesoul feels ,tranquil and r.h:e heart fee,m. tranquil, and . '. -, - .... !.oing· .,dtatwhich wave'n, in the ,sOul and

- - _. "_ ---"--

m01V5 to a .. nd fro· in the breast even though people.in ,and a pin have' gjven you their IlegaI. opini.on [ in its

'~a"·"",o'" ur .. ]. I -

li""J' ,I J Ii' •

.".

,

II .• The. I .. ~.' .•.•... - .. ' .COJR .••... ~.·.m .. -_p." ... ner.~ •. :.; .. ~.~'c,ed._,,:.' ..•. _.I~.~ese .... -._. + ... , .... il\'W).- ....••.••. = .. Ha .•. ~. i .. ~ '. k.'tfI .•. , ... '~.:t.~.~~rr.~p.-'mba.II:II, bocaulSC: 'mdHi Slmdancy of slIbJt:CE ma,tta".and ph:ras:lng.

-.. ~--.- .",-:,' J:.,'.:,,'.~, ..... '.- .~. ' ... ,',",._ ... 11_1 ~,~.,-,''''.''_' .. ,',1\,0' ... "1'''' ,.. ,,,,," ~ .' .;Ii~-'fi-', ,..

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=- I~ 11.11 _._ I _. I.,,'

II _ '1'-" --#

A, I.'ood Haditb whi,ehwe' Ita"e "rau:smiaed frlom, tbe Iwo MUslDads,1 0'( the two' ,"mll.ll, ,AlJmad ibnt;l,Bnba,1 and ;ad .. Dariml, wi.th a,80OO chai,n 10f' authorities.),.,

- - .-

.:;z'~ IO~,III«.~ODI led" Hadlili11 a,rran:pdjm'l in ,8(lCOnJU(',r: 'widlSlf ,I I1'lI!Uer ibi.l,luMIS die '~' lOIl'·the peDCM woo ib'amm~lted cb.€m linHil dlle Pmp:hcil,.,

9!2

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'The' Mess'e~get' of Allah. (may the blessi~ .. saed ·PC.-'=-.· eaee of AIlah- 1'- ,_-. . be U·I pon --:--:-

.- .. ' '_ .. _- •... L_L ~~ ,~ J --'-' _ r"'-"'---'--" ":'-' '-_.:..-- - - - - .... ' ,_,-.,'-".,' "-r"~\~!~

~) :pve usa ,sem.iODby 'which ,our hearts w· ".-. e '~: ,fil··· ' •. I •. ~ WI'" ·i~'4jL. 'I···'isr and 1';- 't·:A~I~ .. '.,

, ' __ "'._. __ lID ',,',. ", ,.,,1; ~ i, :~, _' '_, _,u-, I 1'_, ., _': _ •• _L_" • __ J ._'~J i::I

camero, ,Dim pv. "·,es- We 1I.'aid • '0 MessenOPr .•... ,.,;-ir-'

or~~<-'ah",itis-~ ~ihou,gb this ~~far~;H.

,C!I.I~'I ... on 0i"'IIt It'!Inu·,~,.·· .. 11 UII- ~ - 'H. :' "13 said: .1-

I~~.lil,~ ,", "" '1iJV __ ·1.1t."ICI, ·_~_Ot I ,,;,~ 1~"_~'!l1

COUL.., .- 'you tol fear Allah l(may'H,e' be

'1._.1.'.0. rifi.ed.) .. and .......•.•••.. J .... to,·~. = .. gJ ..• '.·~'y ... _I.ee ..•... · •.•... aa.'bso .. '_'.~','I._lut .. e .•. ~ ..••.. ,.0.-.: ... bed .•. _ ... '_.l.~~._.~;n .• · •.. 'ic. le.· ..• ,~,en, if a :slavebeooma your ,leader'~

VerilY ,be: among 'you, woo Ii.ves, [lD'~]

ilCe:!_ ~~-_-Jit ,controversy:, so you must keep, 10 my .... 1 and CO the· srmmt of the' rightly~ _- -: .RaShidite ICalipbS,2 ~ ,clingro th;fm stubbomlr·~ ,Bewaf1e of :newly invented matters, for'

!j! . ted - - _."- - ~I - - - ,,!.-- '--' - - "-!--

-,0'- ,-' ,i :-----,-,-,'--::----.', _,,- ',,',_ ,_ - ,-,' ' ... _ .. _ J ··· .• 1 .. '" - r. 0' ..... __ .J II,', , ", - ._,

everv mvent -". matteris an mo.DV.OOD

;jf.1

and -,ey'le'ry .innovadon. isa goiD;,g as:tmy

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L I, .... ,.J-.'.

2£,._, __

...

~,.. t _,. ..

_ .. _._., -. .' _, ,., ill J III ~

II-_"'~ -, J'I I} " '.' "I .

.,

I.

,-, ,,,"' ,t!' ,I' ~

~ .r ,.;" , ..•. 1 HI 1 I "~ _ .•• " II

II I~I 11iI1~'1 - ,J. -- -' .;

, '·1

""' / ,"'. (.- .. (: - - .. : ...

IL$ ~I -._ ,' .•.. , .

- ~ ;

AI::. iUIUI

andeverygoing astray is in Hell-fire.

1- ~ _..:Ii b Ab- ,_, n-··- -'~d' d "Til" '"db.:-'

. 'tWa!,rela:[eu .. y ~:_.:.u. ,:_ awu ,an.:._ ,at,,",_ Ullll.:._ill"

who said thatitwas ,8 ,good and sound Hadith,

• * *

.'

,0'.0. the aU!ithoriltl' ofMu"Id.h ibnJaba..l (mayAJlah be ·.pl~'eased ·vft:th him \ '. 'whol,said :

.r-' , . ...:_- -_,',_,,-' '"" '_H II., \111 ,'._._JL',' - --

I said: ,01 ·M.essenger of_-.I -1'- I, tel) me an act whichwill _ me into Paradise and. wiHkeep me away from HeU .. fire, He said: Yeu have asked 'me' about a. majorma"t~r, y:et it is, leasy fo,r him. for whom. Allah Almighty makes,

i.t .•........ '.e. - .•...•.. asy ..•. '.'. '........ you 9._ Ih .. D u.1ld W .. ':O. 'lS.'bi. .• 'p. ' .. AI.· •. \l.lah -.' .. '.'

usocia:ting' nothi~ 'With Him; you

:should performthe p,mylers; yOUi ,shoul,d pI8.yth:e 4aki:tl :;, you. shouldt in Ramac;J.ID,; and you should make the pilgri:m .. _. itothe ousel~ ,en -" said ::

:=-::~::r:Jd:]!:.~:~'~

[which.] ccti:D,guish,e; sin as water ex·on,gui&;h.lfS lire; and the p;raying of

~manl.~t::~rHh~.-:?;: :

,cry .. 1D, their LonI. :iIl few, : .... laape,and, ~.1111 '. 'thatW •• ha .. 'beat.owId 'GII,them.No,IIIIIII:Irc-.-Meth. 'what;., kepi: _hid. lor them ,of ,joy" as a,rewanl for what: .they asaltal

'1 ,~ ~ - "", -; '1:\ -. t'I; """"', .H~- ... .,Jf: ~~, ,HI

•. ..;J'oel.'!!ID".r;.", ~ __ f"U.UJI, .. ,,'

2. See Note S lO' H,adlth2'.

~918

.~ . ..,.~.~.~,

.. ,!!!"" 11-1

... ~

,.~ . c ·11 - Ii

.. ',. ... '~ ,

'ilt

....... ,. ~ ... ~" :t! ....

... ", .... ~U -,_. I' 'ii!.~ .. -& .. "

'~I'I ,~J. •

,.,

d -3 'II Th- . I'~ .' '. h -. -.. id ·S'~'haD' I' '1" . ·,·t t C-'U' "e, .,-'

I ."., - ,I ,.en, e sa.l~ •. "-'." , i ' __ , . nOl ~'e~ V'OU

,of tbepeak ,of the matter, i'lS pi.llar" and -·irs top:tnost 'part'?' I. said: Yes, '0'

M- .-::,=- ,,::- .; -c·f:·· Al,,·'l-'ah' 'HI i'.C_ aid '. Th-L-,

,_, " '.,'- I . I, ' " . I I. .·.c,.,· _ ' , -'

__ ,essmger 0- u__ _ __ ",,_e ,sal~ ~, . ·_,,_e

neak of 'the matter is Islam ,; the _plillar

,-~ d '", ,", ~,." ,

~:y.:~: Sh:aI: tr:oU'~·th~

-c .... - ',···'I·Ii------f' ·aII·' - . ·thiL -1';1" I . aid iO y-:-:--;..... '0." !con.trq,c_c:, ng o. ,_-_ tnarr :53..'- :.1 ,es,,_

'M!esse~g~ 'of ~" ,and, he ·todk, 'hold,

t ~:~a;:t ~~:: ~t

we say be hdd against us? He said: ,MayyoUrr mother 'be bereaved of you " :M'u"'adh! :18 'there anythi'n_g that topp!les peop,Ie on their faces-or he said oatheir

.' Hell fire th th th

noses-m1D', '::- -" ,..... 10-' -'er'- }:an' ae

ha 'nr~'h-!' ~ th eir to- -noues' .' - ,

"_,_'_, __ .• , ·.··~!~I UI, -._:,_, _!._~M1 ~.r.'" ',' ell~, -.-:.1 ~I

'-1- ... lated l .. T"~ .. '·d-L- - "d '.

,I was re .. ·-.I't,ro by at- ~ :Innl'_ ,111" who said ltwas, a

"i"'iiJl' .•... 'd'~- ,.·-'·I'·,·d- 'H'_':c'd-l~iIi:' .

,IUOUJ ,an_ , ,SQUD, - ... ~,a --,-IU;I.,

3.. Qu.r':an:: .,tse'I'" le~p'Gr 32 .. In the ,ori.:DaIArabi~', ~is, ,oftendl,. :practice wi,lb. a IOI~1 ,quo..-tion. :rrolR ·th,e 'Qur~ID.,

only' 'die 'ini,tia'i w,oAls ,and.be :[mal 'w,o:fd or '.or., are

~ -

1l9eo~

.4. ThouBh Ib,: AratJic,ji'hd'd.is pne'IU:yren,dered ,cii.h.ol.ywar"·', its, moani •• is, wider thaD this, .ald iD.cl.u.de_s aa.y elJo!rt made :im :liurtile'lIlce 101 'Ib,e' 'RUle '0:( lsi ... ; i:t "1S,lkeRfore~ been. ded.ded, to maiadJe: Arab,ic W'D,rd.,

'1'00'

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