This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Mind and Body
Can the body affect the mind? Example? How about the mind affecting the body? Example? Two-way communication between mind and body
Psyche (mind) Soma (body) Butterflies in the stomach Anxious before giving speech Indigestion, nausea Stress may contribute to getting an ulcer.
Reducing the effects of stress
is less harmful if Have some control (even if just belief). Predictable (³going to feel a little pinch´). Know the duration. Coping mechanism. Some way to relieve stress. Positive attitude. Active participant in process.
Relieve stress Meditation Listening to soothing music Taking a quiet walk Reduce stress Eliminate butterflies .
Link between mind and body is the immune system. beliefs and emotions have major impact on physical health. . Thought.Affects on long-term health Attitude towards illness can affect healing.
The Immune System Cells that protect the body against intruders such as viruses and bacteria. Rheumatoid arthritis . Like a police force Too weak and criminals (viruses etc.) run wild Ex: Opportunistic diseases seen with HIV-AIDS Too strong and it attacks law-abiding citizens: The body¶s own cells (Autoimmune disease) Ex.
What is Emotion? Internal conscious states that we infer in ourselves and others. . We infer observable behavior associated with emotion. Emotions are private experiences. We use operational definitions because we cannot actually see feelings.
Emotions are Multidimensional .
Four components of Emotion Feelings SocialExpressive Emotion Bodily Arousal Significant life event Sense of Purpose .
Rooted in mental processes (labeling). Meaning and personal significance. .Feeling component Emotions are subjective feelings Make us feel in a particular way. Anger or joy. Vary in intensity and quality.
clenched fists. . Alert posture.Bodily Arousal Biological activation. Prepare and activate adaptive coping behavior during emotion. Autonomic and hormonal systems. Body prepared for action.
Motivation to take action. Cope with emotion-causing circumstances. Why people benefit from emotions. . Social and evolutionary advantage.Purposive component Give emotion its goal-directed force.
.Social-Expressive component Emotion¶s communicative aspect. Postures. How person reacts to event. vocalizations. facial expressions make our emotions public. Verbal and nonverbal communication. Helps us interpret the situation. gestures.
Emotions read in the face The Japanese Female Facial Expression (JAFFE) Database .
Aspect of Emotional Intelligence Peter Salovey (Yale) John Mayer (U of NH) Four branch ability model of emotional intelligence Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test MSCEIT .
Identifying Emotions (Branch 1) Skills needed to perceive and express feelings. . Foundation for other branches. Tell when someone is being authentic. Non-verbal communication. Express accurate emotions for situation. Recognizing facial expressions.
Identifying Emotions (MSCEIT) .
³Care enough to send the very best.´ Using emotion to help make decisions. . Emotional component to motivation. Improve problem solving and boost creativity.Facilitating Emotions (Branch 2) Using emotions to facilitate thinking.
Facilitation (MSCEIT) What mood(s) might be helpful to feel when meeting in-laws for the very first time? Not Useful Useful a) Tension 1 2 3 4 5 b) Surprise 1 2 3 4 5 c) Joy 1 2 3 4 5 .
Read a situation and respond correctly. Some emotional responses are maladaptive. . Jealousy and envy are destructive. Emotions and behavioral consequences.Understanding emotions (Branch 3) Understanding complex and conflicting emotions.
(Select the best choice.Understanding Emotions (MSCEIT) Tom felt anxious. he felt ____. and became a bit stressed when he thought about all the work he needed to do. When his supervisor brought him an additional project.) a) Overwhelmed b) Depressed c) Ashamed d) Self Conscious e) Jittery .
Managing emotions (Branch 4) Developing mood regulation skills. . Avoid over and under regulation. Seek natural means rather than alcohol. Productive ways to change mood. Use optimistic explanatory style. Stress coping strategies. tobacco or other drugs.
. Very Ineffective..... Very Ineffective..4.Very Effective Action 3: She decided it was best to ignore the feeling since it wouldn't last anyway.. Very Ineffective.5....1.2.1...Very Effective ..4...5... Debbie just came back from vacation....Managing Emotions (Branch 4) 1..4..1.3.5..3....2...... She was feeling peaceful and content.... How well would each action preserve her mood? Action 1: She started to make a list of things at home that she needed to do......2.....3..........Very Effective Action 2: She began thinking about where and when she would go on her next vacation...
Emotional States and Physical Health Salovey et at American Psychologist (1/2000) .
Healing through laughter Norman Cousins Anatomy of an Illness (1979) Life-threatening inflammatory disease Cartoons and Marx Brothers 10 mins of laughing gave him 2 hrs of pain-free sleep Laughter reduced inflammation Healing power of positive mood .
Emotional states and immunity Negative emotional states associated with unhealthy physical states. Cardiovascular and immune systems. S-IgA = secretory immunoglobulin A First line of defense in the immune system . Positive emotional states associated with healthier states.
S-IgA levels and emotion Increased occurrence of desirable events predicts higher S-IgA. . Negative moods lower SIgA levels. Positive moods boost the immune system. Undesirable events suppress immune system. Negative moods increase susceptibility to illness.
Manipulating Emotion Healthy college students watching videos. . Humorous video enhanced immune function ( S-IgA) Sad video suppressed immune function ( S-IgA) Not clear how long these changes persist. Contribute to illness.
Talk about illness.Coping styles and illness People dealing with severe stressors more susceptible to illness. Coping styles could aid healing. Negative emotional states reduce immune function. Pennebaker: helping people process and confront traumatic life events improves health. . release pent-up negative emotions.
Function of pain. Something is wrong and must be corrected.Emotion and environment Positive emotional states signal a safe environment. It hurts. get help. . Negative states signal an alert.
Better to be pessimistic? .Role in seeking help Some believe that: Happy people less likely to recognize signs of distress and less likely to get help. Unhappy people more vigilant and seek help.
Negative outlook may cause a person not recognize new symptoms as threatening. Seek help. Not seek help.Processing health information Other evidence that: Positive outlook may make it easier to process threatening information (diagnosis). .
Focus on and plan for future outcomes. Strength to confront illness. Creativity in thought and action. Do what you can to support recovery.Optimistic outlook emotional states provide resilience. Positive . Belief that you will get well. Personal resources to seek solutions.
optimists had healthier habits. Optimistic men better able to focus on postoperative goals. (1989) . 5 years post surgery. Diet and exercise programs Scheier et al.Healthy heart surgery Men undergoing cardiac bypass surgery.
Freud: patient¶s expectations ³colored by hope and faith and an effective force in all our attempts at treatment and cure.´ Positive mood comes from a renewal of hope. .Role of health care worker One who inspires hope in others.
Improved coping with illness. Decreased levels of stress. . Faster recovery from surgery. Lower incidence of heart disease.Social Support With social support. observe: Lower mortality More resistant to disease.
Both are possible.Affect on Health 1. Direct effect: Social support promotes well-being at all times. Only when needed. Not just under stress. 2. Buffering hypothesis: Social support buffers individual from stressful life event. . depending on the nature of the stressor.
Know that help will be provided if needed.Role of Social Support Mediated by emotional experience. Develop and maintain social network. . Positive outlook on life more likely to get social support. Less likely to feel lonely and depressed.
.Spirituality Also plays a role in wellness and recovery from illness. A topic for later discussion.