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2007 ANNUAL REPORT 2005 201

ON ALL ," /-
T W C S
     . W  

 ,  , ,

     ’   

  ,     B Z.

T     

       

  . WCS     

          E.

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WCS’s engaging wildlife collections in
five parks enable millions of guests each
year to appreciate the wonderful layers of
life in the natural world.

WCS has a proud history of instructing
generations of schoolchildren, teachers,
and families through on-site and
distance-learning programs.

WCS staff are involved on the ground
in the most remote and difficult places
around the globe, working with strategic
partners and local people.

Chairman Emeritus’s Letter 4

Chair’s Letter 6
President’s Letter 8
Trustees and Advisors 10
Wildlife Conservation Projects 48
Public Affairs 58
Financial Report 64
WCS Events 68
Contributors 76
Committees 88
WCS Staff 90
WCS Publications 98
Facts, Awards, Credits 100
Cover: This year marked “The Great Return”
of our sea lions to their refurbished pool and
the restoration of Astor Court (right), which
sits at the heart of the Wildlife Conservation
Societyʼs world famous Bronx Zoo.




Having been invited to write this letter from my new vantage history. Wildlife is still imperiled worldwide, as are many
as Chairman Emeritus, I find that what first comes to mind ecosystems of the greatest importance.
is my firm belief in Joseph Schumpeter’s thesis of “creative These facts of life temper our pride in the fact that WCS
destruction.” To paraphrase the Austrian economist, every has grown exponentially, and we now spend $60 million per
person, family, organization, or nation must renew itself year around the world in the service of conservation. Our New
periodically. The benefits of renewal are enormous, and not York City facilities educate and entertain four million people
doing so can quickly lead to disaster, or at the very least, a year, our exhibits address the global vulnerability of wildlife,
impotence. and our veterinarians circle the globe to confront zoonotic
During the past 11 years of my tenure, WCS can proudly diseases, especially those of an airborne, viral nature. We have
count many real and meaningful accomplishments. At the recommitted to historic preservation at our Bronx Zoo and
same time, much remains to be done. New York Aquarium and to the enhancement of City facilities
In 1996, our Global Conservation Program budget was $8 in our Parks Renaissance campaign. Though we have much
million, the Bronx Zoo’s Astor Court needed revitalization, more to do, we have much to show for our efforts.
our gorillas, tigers, and wild dogs had yet to inhabit their During the 42 years in which I have been privileged to serve
new homes, the euro was six years away, gasoline cost about as a WCS Trustee, the competence and accomplishments of the
$1.26 per gallon, and global climate change was a matter of organization have constantly grown. We occupy a leadership
international scientific cooperation, not public affairs. In the position in linking the global needs of flora, fauna, and
intervening years, about 1.4 billion people have been added humans. Our mission is a vital one, and its imperatives never
to our global burden; human consumption of water, energy, cease. I look with optimism toward the next chapter in the
and food has skyrocketed; and carbon dioxide and methane life of this unique and extraordinary organization, now in the
emissions have risen to their highest levels in recorded human capable hands of its new Chair, Ward W. Woods.




I write this inaugural letter as Chair of the WCS Board of sequestration—in order to create long-term financing for
Trustees while steaming up the tributaries of the Amazon to- landscape conservation. We must incorporate communities in
ward Peru’s Pacaya-Samiria Communal Reserve. This reserve conservation planning and benefits, from Cocama-Cocamilla
encompasses five million acres of irreplaceable forest in which villages to the municipalities that depend on natural resource
WCS plays a central conservation role working with the Peru- use, to build consensus-based conservation and demonstrate
vian government and local communities. the viability of large-scale conservation within the Human
The first impression is the landscape, or should I say river- Footprint. Ultimately, we have to confront the global changes
scape? The expanses of forest, fisheries, and swamps have been taking place that affect wildlife and wild lands into the future.
affected by Amerindian presence, European invasion, com- These challenges are not identical to those of business, but
modity booms, and resource extraction. Then it was unsus- there are many parallels. Whether operating for profit or not,
tainable wildlife hunting and high-grading (a form of selective we must offer the world products that make sense for our col-
logging that targets commercially valuable species) of upland lective future, and we must know what we are getting in return
forests—ravages that followed those of the rubber boom. for our investment. In the case of wildlife conservation, the re-
Somehow, the region survived with much of its natural glory turn is not to any single individual but to the Earth itself.
intact. Today, it is the threat of global climate change that wor- WCS is in the business of creating collective goods for
ries conservationists. Some experts estimate that 30 percent of future generations of people and wild animals. Intelligence,
this forest landscape could be lost to climate changes during common sense, innovation, and perseverance—all attributes
this century. of good business—are required by conservation, too. On
Repeated assaults on areas of such importance to biodiver- the Amazon, on the Congo, or in the Arctic, we must match
sity remind us all of our need to develop tools—including the knowledge with effective action and working solutions in or-
capture of the forest’s asset value in the market through carbon der to succeed in this most important mission.


*,/ ,-]Ê, -]Ê Ê-1**",/ ,-

The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) extends its deep ap- In addition, WCS is tremendously grateful for the generosity
preciation for the new leadership gifts and pledges to our GATE- and commitment of its friends who have each made contribu-
WAYS TO CONSERVATION campaign received this year. The tions totaling one million dollars or more this year:
outstanding support of our programs, activities, and operations
from those listed here is critical to ensuring that WCS continues ■ Darlene and Brian Heidtke, for their ongoing commitment
to strive for and achieve the highest standards in all its work. to our work in wildlife health, in particular our Field Veteri-
WCS is enormously grateful to Robert W. Wilson for his nary Program and the operations of our Global Center for
magnificent and sustained support of our global conservation Wildlife Health and WCS-Marine Conservation.
programs, with matching grant funds that this year totaled nearly
$15 million. Through this remarkably generous and enlightened ■ The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, for its ongoing
challenge grant, he has had a profound and lasting impact on the commitment to a grant program that supports state wildlife
future of wildlife and WCS’s efforts to secure new support for its action plans in North America.
conservation work around the globe.
WCS thanks the Starr Foundation for its tremendously gener- ■ Goldman Sachs Charitable Fund, for its continuing partner-
ous additional support for the construction of the C.V. Starr Sci- ship with our Karukinka and Beyond program, which
ence Campus at the Bronx Zoo. The Starr Campus will be home funds our vital conservation efforts on the island of Tierra
to two vitally important new core facilities that will significantly del Fuego.
enhance our global conservation and wildlife health programs: the
José E. Serrano Center for Global Conservation and the Global ■ Jonathan L. Cohen, for a generous gift to name the Nile
Center for Wildlife Health. crocodile pool in Madagascar! and a fund to care for these ex-
WCS extends a heartfelt thank you to Allison and Leonard traordinary animals.
Stern, who provided an extraordinarily generous gift to support
the construction of a magnificent new snow leopard exhibit at the ■ The David and Lucile Packard Foundation, for support of
Central Park Zoo. The Allison Maher Stern Snow Leopard ex- WCS’s work in Fiji and the western Pacific region, among
hibit is scheduled to open in Spring 2009. other programs.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation continued its long-
standing commitment to WCS-Latin America and Caribbean by ■ The Jay Pritzker Foundation, for its generous multi-year
providing a major new grant for our work in the Amazon Basin. grant to fund new conservation activities in exceptionally
We thank Donna and Fred Nives for their generous planned threatened areas of Tanzania.
gift to name the Donna and Fred Nives African Wild Dogs ex-
hibit at the Bronx Zoo. ■ The Schiff Family, for its magnificent support of a new en-
dowment for curatorial science activities.

■ Ward W. and Priscilla B. Woods, for their extraordinarily en-

lightened support of WCS’s programs and activities, includ-
ing the WCS Institute’s State of the Wild series.

This year, we welcome the Blue Moon Fund, Conservation

International-Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, the Jay
Pritzker Foundation, the Shell Exploration & Production
Company, and the estates of Jack R. Howard and Mary Daly
Wolfson to our circle of Best Friends—those whose cumulative
philanthropy to WCS meets or exceeds one million dollars.



I write this year from the western Amazon, as part of a small the asset worth of forests and their creatures, through market
group visiting WCS programs in the riverine forests of north- mechanisms, to create long-term financing for wildlife conser-
eastern Peru. Much of Loreto, Peru’s largest province, is price- vation. That financial capacity is the only way to address the
less to conservation. The land’s deep history of indigenous issues of climate mitigation and adaptation.
presence, colonial expeditions, nineteenth-century naturalists, At WCS, we also are concerned with wildlife health in the
and rubber barons of the Victorian era make it a perfect setting field and in our New York City parks, as the spread of infec-
for reflection on the past and future of wildlife and the special tious diseases is a companion of global ecological and climate
value WCS has to offer global conservation. changes. In Peru, we add building human capacity to our
In a famous speech in 1942, Brazilian President Getúlio agenda, through a long-term commitment to train the field
Vargas proposed to conquer the Amazon. Sixty-five years later, biologists and conservationists who will solve the Amazonian
our quest is to protect it from conquest. The newest challenge problems of the future. We also have promising exchanges with
is climate change and determining what conservation can do to zoological institutions in the western Amazon, which help our
mitigate and adapt to an uncertain future. The region that has colleagues on-site communicate the importance of wildlife to
survived so many challenges for so long now confronts global local communities. All of these activities are predicated upon
transformation. a long-standing collaboration with local and national govern-
This transformation is not exclusive to Peru or to the Ama- ments, non-governmental partners, indigenous communities,
zon, of course. Half a world away, the rainforest of northeastern and the Durrell Institute of Conservation Ecology.
Madagascar is under similar pressure, as are the equatorial re- Anyone who doubts the importance of these mandates or
doubts of the great apes of Africa and the last habitat of orang- the imminence of the threats should come to northeastern
utans in Malaysian Sarawak and Indonesian Kalimantan. Peru. It is a spectacularly beautiful place, still rich in wild nature
The conservation challenges of the future include capturing and human history.


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In addition to those named on page 7, WCS offers special

thanks to those who generously supported WCS and its ac-
tivities this year with new gifts and pledges.

WCS is enormously grateful to those who have provided sig-
nificant unrestricted support, enabling us to utilize the funds
where they are most needed. We extend our deep apprecia-
tion to Katharina Otto-Bernstein, William E. Flaherty, The
Irwin Family, The Howard Phipps Foundation, Josie and
Julian Robertson, and one anonymous donor. In addition,
we thank the estates of Norma E. Cossey, Eleanor T. Elliott,
Henry Clay Frick II, Everett S. Steinmetz, Martha Daly
Wolfson, and Ken Wollenberg for their generosity.
We also extend our gratitude to those who provided fund-
ing for our zoos and aquarium in New York, as well as our glob-
al conservation programs around the world. Sincere thanks go
to Elyssa Kellerman and The New York Community Trust.
Our Marine Program was once again generously funded by
" Ê
" - ,6/" Roger and Vicki Sant/The Summit Foundation and The Tiffany
Our global conservation field programs, as well as our New & Co. Foundation.
York City-based cross-cutting programs, benefited greatly this Significant support for our North America Program was pro-
year from a number of generous donors. vided by the Wendy P. McCaw Foundation, the Shell Explora-
We recognize the Liz Claiborne/Art Ortenberg Foundation tion & Production Company, and Wilburforce Foundation.
for its significant ongoing commitment to our conservation
work around the world. Additional generous support for our 6 Ê -//1/" -
global conservation programs was provided by: the Blue Moon WCS is grateful to the donors who have so generously sup-
Fund, Harvey and Heidi Bookman, BP International, Butler ported the zoos and aquarium this year, enabling them to
Conservation Fund, C. Diane Christensen, Earth Share/Envi- maintain and enhance the health and well-being of our living
ronmental Federation of America, Melinda B. Frost, Mr. and collections, build state-of-the-art exhibits, and educate the
Mrs. Robert G. Goelet, the John D. and Catherine T. MacAr- public about the importance of wildlife conservation. We
thur Foundation, Edith McBean, Mr. and Mrs. George K. Moss, thank the following contributors for providing vital funds for
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, National Geographic our Living Institutions: Sarah K. de Coizart Article TENTH
Society, Katherine T. Ruttenberg/The Ruttenberg Family, Walter Perpetual Charitable Trust, and Mr. and Mrs. Darryl Mallah.
and Jeanne Sedgwick, and one anonymous donor. Our programs in Wildlife Health, including our field vet-
Our conservation work in Africa received support from Mr. erinary work, received generous funding from Francis Goelet
and Mrs. Jeffrey R. Anderson, Laurie F. Michaels and David Charitable Trust, Caroline N. Sidnam, Dr. Judith P. Sulzberger,
Bonderman, The Howard G. Buffett Foundation, Lucy C. Dan- and Pamela M. Thye.
ziger, and Zoo Zürich. WCS offers its appreciation to those donors who supported
The Homeland Foundation, Inc./E. Lisk Wyckoff, Jr. con- our Education Program this year, including the Richard and
tributed vital funding for our work in Asia, and support for our Rhoda Goldman Fund, The New York Community Trust-
Latin America and Caribbean Program was provided by Judith Nancy G. and C. Richard MacGrath Fund,
Hamilton. and the Estate of Marie E. Markus.


/,1-/ -Ê Ê 6-",-

", Ê"Ê/,1-/ - William C. Thompson, Jr. Mrs. Leonard N. Stern

(as of October 31, 2007) Comptroller, City of New York Andrew H. Tisch
Christine Quinn Mrs. Thomas I. Unterberg
Speaker, New York City Council Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio
OFFICERS Adrian Benepe
Ward W. Woods Ward W. Woods, ex officio
Commissioner, Department of Parks &
Chair of the Board Recreation, City of New York
David T. Schiff Kate D. Levin EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Chairman Emeritus Commissioner, Department of Cultural Ward W. Woods, Chair
Edith McBean Affairs, City of New York Frederick W. Beinecke
Vice Chair Adolfo Carrión, Jr. C. Diane Christensen
Mrs. Gordon B. Pattee President, Borough of The Bronx
Vice Chair Brian J. Heidtke
Marty Markowitz
Mrs. Leonard N. Stern Mrs. George K. Moss
President, Borough of Brooklyn
Vice Chair John N. Irwin III, ex officio
Steven E. Sanderson
John N. Irwin III President and CEO, Wildlife Conservation Edith McBean, ex officio
Treasurer Society Eugene R. McGrath, ex officio
Andrew H. Tisch Mrs. Gordon B. Pattee, ex officio
LIFE TRUSTEES Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio
W. B. McKeown
Deputy Secretary Mrs. Vincent Astor* Mrs. Leonard N. Stern, ex officio
Mrs. Edgar M. Cullman Andrew H. Tisch, ex officio
TRUSTEES Robert G. Goelet
Frederick W. Beinecke Mrs. Richard B. Tweedy FINANCE COMMITTEE
Eleanor Briggs John N. Irwin III, Chair
Gilbert Butler HONORARY TRUSTEES William E. Flaherty
C. Diane Christensen Roscoe C. Brown, Jr. Bradley L. Goldberg
J. Michael Cline Mrs. Charles A. Dana, Jr. Mrs. George K. Moss
Glenn Close C. Sims Farr Jonathan D. Green, ex officio
Jonathan L. Cohen William Gruenerwald Paul A. Gould, ex officio
Katherine L. Dolan John R. Hearst, Jr. Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio
William E. Flaherty Hon. Anthony D. Marshall Ward W. Woods, ex officio
Bradley L. Goldberg Frederick A. Melhado
Paul A. Gould Guy G. Rutherfurd BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS
Jonathan D. Green Dr. Judith P. Sulzberger
Judith Hamilton Sue Van de Bovenkamp
Jonathan D. Green, Chair
Brian J. Heidtke Richard A. Voell
James M. Large, Jr.
John B. Hess E. Lisk Wyckoff, Jr.
Ralph da Costa Nuñez
John N. Irwin III
Caroline N. Sidnam
Robert Wood Johnson IV
"// - Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio
Anita L. Keefe
AUDIT COMMITTEE Ward W. Woods, ex officio
Elyssa Kellerman
Brian J. Heidtke, Chair
James M. Large, Jr.
Edith McBean Bradley L. Goldberg INVESTMENT SUBCOMMITTEE
Eugene R. McGrath Jonathan D. Green Paul A. Gould, Chair
Ambrose K. Monell Ambrose K. Monell Gilbert Butler
Mrs. George K. Moss J. Michael Cline
Ralph da Costa Nuñez COMMITTEE ON TRUSTEES Bradley L. Goldberg
Katharina Otto-Bernstein Eugene R. McGrath, Chair Julian H. Robertson, Jr.
Mrs. Gordon B. Pattee Jonathan L. Cohen George W. Siguler+
H. Merritt Paulson III John N. Irwin III Michael H. Steinhardt
Howard Phipps, Jr. Walter C. Sedgwick John N. Irwin III, ex officio
Julian H. Robertson, Jr. Mrs. Leonard N. Stern Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio
David T. Schiff Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio Ward W. Woods, ex officio
Mrs. Warren L. Schwerin Ward W. Woods, ex officio
Caroline N. Sidnam
Michael H. Steinhardt
Mrs. Leonard N. Stern RELATIONS COMMITTEE Jonathan L. Cohen, Chair
Mrs. Gordon B. Pattee, Chair John N. Irwin III
Daniel K. Thorne
Andrew H. Tisch J. Michael Cline David T. Schiff
Mrs. Thomas I. Unterberg Glenn Close Andrew H. Tisch
Ward W. Woods Judith Hamilton Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio
Barbara Hrbek Zucker John B. Hess Ward W. Woods, ex officio
Anita L. Keefe
Hon. Michael R. Bloomberg Katharina Otto-Bernstein Edith McBean, Chair
Mayor, City of New York H. Merritt Paulson III John N. Irwin III
*deceased +non-Trustee member
David T. Schiff
C. Diane Christensen, ex officio

J. Michael Cline, ex officio Anita L. Keefe, Co-Chair
Brian J. Heidtke, ex officio Barbara Hrbek Zucker, Co-Chair WCS is grateful to the City of New York,
Anita L. Keefe, ex officio Katherine L. Dolan
Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio William E. Flaherty
which provides significant operating and
Caroline N. Sidnam, ex officio Brian J. Heidtke capital funds through the Department of
Ward W. Woods, ex officio Robert Wood Johnson IV
Cultural Affairs and the Department of Parks
Barbara Hrbek Zucker, ex officio Ralph da Costa Nuñez
Howard Phipps, Jr. and Recreation. We thank Mayor Michael R.
GLOBAL CONSERVATION Mrs. Warren L. Schwerin Bloomberg, City Council Speaker Christine
Daniel K. Thorne
SUBCOMMITTEE C. Quinn, Bronx Borough President Adolfo
Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio
C. Diane Christensen, Co-Chair
Ward W. Woods, ex officio Carrión Jr., Brooklyn Borough President Marty
J. Michael Cline, Co-Chair
Frederick W. Beinecke Markowitz, Queens Borough President Helen
Eleanor Briggs Marshall, Councilmember Joel Rivera, Major-
Gilbert Butler
Glenn Close
Brian J. Heidtke, Co-Chair ity Leader, Councilmember Domenic M. Rec-
Caroline N. Sidman, Co-Chair
Judith Hamilton chia, Jr., Chair, Cultural Affairs, Libraries &
Paul A. Gould
Elyssa Kellerman Anita L. Keefe International Intergroup Relations Committee,
Ambrose K. Monell Elyssa Kellerman
Mrs. George K. Moss
and the entire New York City Council for their
Ambrose K. Monell
H. Merritt Paulson III Mrs. Warren L. Schwerin support of capital projects. The elected of-
Walter C. Sedgwick Pamela Thye+ ficials of the City of New York are vital to the
Mrs. Thomas I. Unterberg Barbara Hrbek Zucker
Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio Steven E. Sanderson, ex officio
public/private partnership on which WCS’s
Ward W. Woods, ex officio Ward W. Woods, ex officio service to the people of New York rests.


The $650 million GATEWAYS TO CONSERVATION campaign is helping fund
key improvements at the Bronx Zoo and other WCS facilities and changing the face
of our global conservation work. GATEWAYS TO CONSERVATION is WCS’s
largest and most comprehensive fundraising endeavor to date. Through the course
of this campaign, WCS will evolve from an institution with a great history into
one with a greater future. The GATEWAYS TO CONSERVATION campaign
will build upon our long and distinguished history of achievement and further
enhance scientific discovery, animal well-being, and the conservation of the wild.

* Ê  ,-*
Ward W. Woods
Edith McBean
Julian H. Robertson, Jr.
David T. Schiff
Robert W. Wilson
Steven E. Sanderson
Maria Masciotti

  Ê " ",-Ê­f£³®
WCS is proud to recognize the following lead donors for their outstanding commitment to the future of conservation.

Robert W. Wilson John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

The Goldman Sachs Charitable Fund The Jay Pritzker Foundation
Ward W. and Priscilla B. Woods Joan O.L. Tweedy
The Starr Foundation Donald and Barbara Zucker
David T. and Lisa Schiff Donna and Fred Nives
C. Diane Christensen Brian and Darlene Heidtke
The Honorable José E. Serrano Eleanor Briggs
Edith McBean Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
Josie and Julian Robertson Jonathan L. Cohen
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Edgar and Louise Cullman
Allison and Leonard Stern Bradley L. Goldberg
J. Michael and Pamela Cline Ambrose Monell
Thomas S. Kaplan/Panthera Corporation David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Liz Claiborne/Art Ortenberg Foundation The Ruttenberg Family
The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation Virginia and Warren Schwerin
John and Jeanet Irwin Caroline N. Sidnam
Mary and Howard Phipps, Jr. Pamela M. Thye
The Tisch Family
/" ,Ê£Ó]ÊÓääÈ
WCS and the Cornell University College of Veterinary
Medicine announced a unique collaboration to maxi-
mize their complementary expertise to ensure the health
of wildlife, domestic animals, and ultimately, human-
Pictured here: WCS Senior Vice President of Living
Institutions Robert Cook, WCS Chairman of the Board
Emeritus David T. Schiff, and Donald Smith, Austin O.
Hooey Dean of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University

/" ,Ê£È]ÊÓääÈ
Starr Foundation President Florence Davis and Con-
gressman José E. Serrano helped break ground for the
C.V. Starr Science Campus at the Bronx Zoo and José
E. Serrano Center for Global Conservation.
Pictured here: Sylvia Smith, Partner of FXFowle Ar-
chitects, WCS Chair of the Board Ward W. Woods,
WCS President and CEO Steven E. Sanderson, NYS
Senator José M. Serrano, Congressman José E. Ser-
rano, David Schiff, Sue Chin, and Florence Davis,
President of the Starr Foundation

WCS publicly launched GATEWAYS TO CONSERVA-
TION, a $650 million campaign that has the strength
to transform WCS’s global conservation work, ensure
the health of people and animals, connect people to
conservation, and propel the global mission to secure
the future of wildlife and wild places.
Pictured here: Steve Sanderson, Ward Woods, and
The Honorable Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor of the
City of New York


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" - ,6/"

WCS experts came together to discuss our
elephant research and conservation efforts in both
Africa and Asia.
Pictured here: WCS Field Conservationist Simon
Hedges, Steve Sanderson, Ward Woods, WCS
Trustee Edith McBean, WCS Field Conservationist
Charles Foley, Bronx Zoo Director James Breheny,
WCS Senior Vice President for Global Conserva-
tion John Robinson, and Robert Cook

On Sunday, May 20, 2007, WCS dedicated the
Donna and Fred Nives African Wild Dogs exhibit
at the Bronx Zoo with many of the Nives’s closest
family and friends. The Nives have been members
of WCS since 2001. Their gift to name the exhibit
exemplifies their lifelong commitment and generos-
ity to wildlife preservation and animal well-being.
The African Wild Dogs exhibit features these
exciting animals in more than half an acre along
the zoo’s African Trail. The site evokes the feeling
of the African forest edge, where the wild dogs
engage in natural behaviors—digging in a large
sand pit and romping in a shallow pool.
Pictured here: Donna and Fred Nives

1 Ê£]ÊÓääÇ
WCS celebrated the grand reopening of the Bronx
Zoo’s historic Astor Court with more than 200
guests in attendance. The Honorable Michael R.
Bloomberg, Mayor of the City of New York, and
David T. Schiff welcomed back our California sea
lions with the “first official fish feeding.”
Pictured here: Wild Animal Keeper Danielle Hes-
sel, Mayor Bloomberg, and David Schiff


1 Ê£Ó]ÊÓääÇÊ
WCS field conservationists Mike Fay and Paul Elkan
discussed encouraging results from their aerial
surveys of Southern Sudan. More than 1.3 million
white-eared kob, tiang (antelope), and mongalla
gazelle are thriving there, despite all odds. An esti-
mated 8,000 elephants, concentrated mainly in the
Sudd, the largest freshwater wetland in Africa, were
also observed. The WCS-led team collaborated with
the Ministry of the Environment, Wildlife Conserva-
tion, and Tourism of the Government of Southern
Sudan (GoSS), and USAID/Sudan. The U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service provided additional funding.
Pictured here: Paul Elkan and Mike Fay

1 Ê£Î]ÊÓääÇ
WCS presented Phase I of the Global Center for
Wildlife Health, which includes the Shirley S.
Katzenbach Clinical Pathology Lab, named by
Coty Sidnam and Pamela Thye in honor of their
mother, and the Ambrose Monell Pathology Lab
and Necropsy Suite.
Pictured here: Steve Sanderson, Ward Woods,
Ambrose Monell, Coty Sidnam, Pamela Thye, David
Schiff, and Bob Cook.

1 Ê£n]ÊÓääÇ
On a beautiful evening at the Bronx Zoo, WCS hon-
ored David T. Schiff for his 11 years of distinguished
service as Chairman of the Board.
Pictured here: Ward Woods, David Schiff, WCS
Trustee Howard Phipps, and Steve Sanderson



THE LIVING INSTITUTIONS (LI) division of WCS is comprised

of the Bronx, Central Park, Prospect Park, and Queens Zoos,
New York Aquarium (NYA), Exhibition and Graphic Arts
Department (EGAD), and Wildlife Health Sciences (WHS).
The division is committed to realizing the vision of One WCS,
continuing to advance WCS’s leadership role in animal well-
being, enhancing the guest experience, and reinvigorating its
scientific foundations as it continues to create powerful new
gateways to conservation that connect people to nature.
This year, one veteran champion of these goals passed the torch to another.
Richard Lattis, Senior Vice President and General Director, retired from a
career with WCS that spanned more than 30 years. Robert A. Cook, the former
Chief Veterinarian and Vice President of the WHS, succeeded Lattis.
Part of creating new gateways to conservation involves protecting LI’s heritage,
the signature example of which is Astor Court and its Beaux Art buildings—the
historic heart of the Bronx Zoo. On June 1, 2007, Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor
of New York City, attended the opening of the newly restored Astor Court and
the return of its sea lions. The great lawn has been revitalized with crisscrossing
pathways for guests, poetry connecting people to conservation, and a bronze
replica of the original New York Zoological Society logo. The sea lions’ aquatic
habitat was renovated with a state-of-the-art filtration and ozonation system,
which will conserve precious water resources. The Astor Court opening heralded
completion of the first phase of the Gateways to Conservation campaign.
On Earth Day, a “green” eco-restroom opened near the Bronx Zoo’s Bronx
River Parkway entrance and Mitsubishi Riverwalk. The new facilities are
outfitted with composting toilets and sinks that drain into a gray-water garden.
Humorous interpretative graphics inform guests about composting technology
and encourage them to take conservation actions in their day-to-day lives.


In June, Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City, attended the opening of the
Bronx Zoo’s newly restored Astor Court and the return of its sea lions. The Astor Court
opening heralded completion of the first phase of the Gateways to Conservation campaign.
Construction continued on the upcoming Madagascar! ex- After an October ground breaking ceremony, excavation
hibit. Renovation of the roof and basement level of the Lion and construction began for the José E. Serrano Center for
House were completed. The basement will include animal Global Conservation on the CV Starr Science Campus. Lo-
holding and care facilities, as well as a keeper workspace. Two cated in the northern part of the Zoo, this ”green” office build-
key exhibits were fabricated, each modeled from a unique ing will house the Global Conservation division, the WCS
Malagasy habitat. Institute, EGAD designers, part of Information Technology,
and the Library. Anchoring the southern border of the Science
Pages 16–17: Robert A. Cook, former Chief Campus is the newly expanded Global Center for Wildlife
Veterinarian and Vice President of Wildlife Health Health. In June 2007, staff, trustees, and donors celebrated the
Sciences, was named Senior Vice President for WCS opening of Phase I, which includes a surgical suite, the Shirley
Living Institutions (with walrus Nuka at the New York S. Katzenbach clinical pathology lab, named by Caroline N.
Aquarium). Left: Work continued on the Bronx Zooʼs Sidnam and Pamela M. Thye in honor of their mother, and
Madagascar! exhibit. Above: installing a bronze the Ambrose Monell Pathology Lab and Necropsy Suite. Plans
replica of the original New York Zoological Society are underway to begin the Phase II isolation quarantine facil-
logo on the Zooʼs Astor Court. ity, with capital funds provided by Mayor Bloomberg and the


A ceremony to complete the
transfer of Leo the snow leopard
took place at the Bronx Zoo in
September 2006, attended by the
first lady of Pakistan and officials
from the Pakistani Embassy and the
United States government.

New York City Council. Phase II will be located just north of January 5 bring the total number of rhino calves born at Wild
the health center. Asia since 1986 to nine—one of the world’s most successful
Patrick Thomas was promoted from Mammal Curator to captive-breeding programs for Asian one-horned rhinos.
General Curator of the Bronx Zoo. Earlier in the year, Thom- The proverbial stork visited the Ornithology Department
as, WHS Senior Clinical Veterinarian Bonnie Raphael, and as well, with the hatching of the world’s first maleo chick out-
Assistant Director of WCS-Asia Peter Zahler traveled to Paki- side this endangered species’ native Indonesia (see “Saving Big
stan at the request of the United States and Pakistani govern- Birds,” page 23). The department is also the first in any North
ments. Their mission: to transport Leo—an orphaned, then American zoo to successfully breed lesser adjutant storks. This
13-month-old snow leopard cub—to the Bronx Zoo, where year, the oldest chick, a male, attained breeding plumage and
he will remain in the Himalayan Highlands exhibit until a began courting and nest-building with the collection’s lone
suitable facility is constructed for him in Pakistan. A ceremony adult female. This represents an important pairing, as the two
to complete the transfer took place at the Zoo in September birds are the sole captive representatives of unrelated blood-
2006, attended by the first lady of Pakistan Mrs. Sehba Mush- lines. To increase and share the department’s expertise on lesser
arraf and officials from the Pakistani Embassy and United adjutants, Senior Keeper Yvetta Pokorny traveled to Cambo-
States government. dia. Her trip, funded by a One WCS grant, involved exchang-
WCS’s commitment to the conservation of the North ing information with WCS field colleagues on the birds’
American bison began more than 100 years ago with the breeding and nesting behaviors in both captive and wild set-
founding of the American Bison Society at the Bronx Zoo. tings. Pokorny, along with local rangers, created a Cambodian-
This year, the Bronx Zoo Mammal Department and the Wild- language guide to help rangers recognize various adjutant age
life Health Department of Clinical Care collected and tested groups and determine recruitment rates into the population.
hair and serum samples from the Zoo’s bison to assess the Jennifer Pramuk joined the Bronx Zoo as Herpetology
herd’s genetic purity. Results showed that unlike the majority
of North American bison, this herd has little evidence of cattle WCS staff from Living Institutions and Global Conser-
genes. The bison herd will be taken off oral contraceptives in vation traveled to Pakistan to transport Leo (right), an
the hope that a reintroduction of purebred calves to areas of orphaned snow leopard, to the Bronx Zoo. Leo now
the West where bison once ranged may be possible in 2008. roams the Zooʼs Himalayan Highlands exhibit and will
Among notable births were two Asian one-horned rhinoc- remain an ambassador to New York until a suitable
eros calves. A female born on November 16 and a male born on habitat is developed for him in his home country.


Curator in October 2006. With her background and expertise (SSP) for the highly endangered Puerto Rican crested toad.
in anurans, she will lead LI’s efforts to address the worldwide This year, WCS staff released more than 500 tadpoles hatched
amphibian crisis. Nearly half of the world’s 6,000 species of at Central Park into their native environment.
amphibians are endangered, including the Kihansi spray toad, Craig Gibbs joined the Bronx Zoo as Curatorial Science
which is now extinct in the wild. Along with WHS Chief Pa- Fellow for Special Animal Exhibits. Gibbs is completing his
thologist Dee McAloose and Bronx Zoo Wild Animal Keeper dissertation on tropical ecology and entomology. WCS’s
Alyssa Borek, Pramuk attended a Population and Habitat Vi- unique Curatorial Science Fellow program offers doctoral and
ability Assessment workshop in Tanzania. They collaborated post-doctoral candidates the opportunity to receive profes-
with colleagues from other organizations to develop a long- sional instruction in animal husbandry, gain hands-on experi-
range strategy to reintroduce the toad to the Kihansi Gorge,
its only known native habitat. The Bronx Zoo maintains one As part of the Andean Bear Species Survival Program
of only two captive populations and breeding programs for of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, Spangles
Kihansi spray toads. (below, on the left) was transferred on breeding loan
As part of the WCS commitment to ensure a future for en- from Houston Zoo to the Queens Zoo, where she
dangered amphibians, Central Park Zoo has established an As- joined resident male, Cisco (on the right). There are
sociation of Zoos and Aquariums’ (AZA) Species Survival Plan only 70 Andean, or spectacled, bears in U.S. zoos.


->ۈ˜}Ê ˆ}Ê ˆÀ`Ã
Endangered birds native to Sulawesi, Indonesia, maleos use solar or geothermal heat to incubate
their young. These large birds, called megapodes, live in lowland and hill rainforests, but their
communal nesting sites are located on sandy beaches and riverbanks. In the wild, a female maleo
digs a deep pit, lays and covers up its large single egg, and departs. Two months later, when the
fully-feathered chick hatches, it is already able to fly.

The Bronx Zoo is the only institution outside Indonesia to have maleos in
its collection. To recreate the birds’ unique nesting grounds, the Ornithol-
ogy Department used information gathered on Sulawesi by WCS Global
Conservation colleagues at wild pits and hatcheries. They determined
the proper mix of sand and soil for digging and the correct relative
humidity and temperature. The ornithology staff also adjusted the adult
diet and other factors. In November 2006, the first North American
maleo hatched. This chick offered Zoo and field staff a rare opportunity
to observe the early stages of maleo development.

In June 2007, Assistant Supervisor Mary Iorizzo joined WCS-Sulawesi Program Supervisor John
Tasirins, Maleo Program Coordinator Iwan Hunowu, and other WCS Global Conservation field
staff to study maleo nesting sites and coordinate research plans. Iorizzo also fulfilled a WCS
Living Institutions SSF grant to document temperature and humidity profiles within and between
nesting grounds of wild maleos, in order to improve incubation and hatching at the Bronx Zoo.
Early results indicate that the most successful hatchery has the warmest temperatures (around 94
degrees Fahrenheit) and 100 percent relative humidity. Under optimal conditions, chicks hatch in
a shorter time and with less lethargy. The Ornithology Department is already planning for the next
egg-laying season.


This year, Central Park Zoo welcomed its 15 millionth Construction of the new Aquatic Animal Health Center is
visitor since it reopened under WCS management 99 percent complete, and the center is scheduled for a fall 2007
in 1988 (left, Senior Keeper Charles Braun and a opening. The building is designed to address the complex and
silver pheasant). And the Tisch Childrenʼs Zoo, which specialized health and husbandry needs of the aquatic collection.
opened in 1997, was refurbished. Among the spectacu- Curator of Freshwater Fishes Paul Loiselle has dedicated
lar birds, visitors can see a black stork (above). much of his career to studying and safeguarding Madagascar’s
cichlids. This year, he was honored with having a new cichlid
ence, and develop practical administrative skills, while further- species named after him, Ptychochromis loisellei.
ing their research projects. Catherine A. McClave, who has worked at the Aquarium
To improve efficiency, the Bronx Zoo restructured the Op- in laboratory and water quality services since 1981, was pro-
erations Department by dividing it into Construction, which moted to Curator of Animal Health and Living Systems.
handles capital projects across WCS, and Operations, which In July 2006, the Central Park Zoo welcomed its 15 mil-
is responsible for Zoo operations and the shops. John Duke lionth visitor since it reopened under WCS management in
came on board as Assistant Director of Operations. 1988. Recently retired Admissions Manager Tom Lennox,
In time for the fiftieth anniversary celebration of opening who greeted the first guest on opening day, was on hand to
at its Coney Island location, the New York Aquarium up- welcome the 15 millionth one.
graded public spaces, enhanced exhibits, and improved infor- Through the generosity of the Tisch family, the sculptural
mation for its guests. As part of the spruce up, new paint was elements in the Tisch Children’s Zoo were painted and refur-
applied to 18,000 square feet of surface, 3,600 animals were bished, and animal enclosure fencing was reinforced. Horti-
acquired for the collection, and more than 200 new graphics cultural improvements also are being made, intern interpret-
and animal ID labels were created and installed. ers were added during the summer months, and the aviary


Animal enrichment is a key component of WCS’s commitment to the
health and well-being of its zoo and aquarium collections . . . providing
the animals with new opportunities to exercise both mind and body.
collection continues to grow with the addition of rare crimson SSP, Spangles is being trained to stand still for ultrasound ex-
rosella parakeets. aminations. There are only 70 of these South American bears
At Prospect Park Zoo, Patricia D. Cole, Animal Curator, in U.S. zoos.
added Assistant Director to her title and scope of responsibili- The LI Animal Enrichment Program (AEP) is a key com-
ties. When severe April storms caused significant flooding, ponent of WCS’s commitment to the health and well-being
Cole and Operations Manager Tom McGrath led a team of of its collections. AEP not only continues to provide zoo and
staff and volunteers who remained on site to ensure the safety aquarium animals with new opportunities to exercise both
of animals, people, and the facility. The Zoo closed for only mind and body, it also supports staff development and re-
one day, and maintenance crews from the Central Park and search efforts. A number of grants awarded this year funded
Queens Zoos assisted with the Herculean cleanup. attendance at professional conferences and supported diverse
Scott Silver, Animal Curator of the Queens Zoo, also research projects, such as enrichment activities for the Bronx
added Assistant Director to his title and duties. The Zoo’s Zoo’s Asian elephants and enabling non-restrained venipunc-
spectacled bears, Cisco and Spangles, were observed mating. A ture techniques in pinnipeds at the Aquarium.
female on breeding loan from the Houston Zoo as part of the A dozen Species Survival Fund (SSF) grants were awarded


 -‡œL>Êۈ>˜Ê˜yÕi˜â>Ê iÌܜÀŽÊÊ
Understanding the cause, behavior, and distribution of avian influenza (AI) in the wild is critical to
establishing a viable early warning system for the disease. In summer 2006, Field Veterinary Program
Director Bill Karesh and Senior Health Policy Analyst Steve Osofsky worked closely with the Wash-
ington office of the WCS Public Affairs Division to garner funding for the GAINS program. GAINS
received $6 million from the United States Agency for International Development and the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention. WCS supports investigations of wild birds and AI in 28 countries.

In Mongolia, a recent hot spot for AI, scientists from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Orga-
nization and the U.S. Geological Survey joined WCS Field Veterinarians Martin Gilbert and Scott
Newman and the Mongolian Academy of Sciences in surveillance of wild whooper swans. GPS
transmitters were attached to the birds to track them to their wintering grounds. Some of the birds
have been tracked to Russia, and the data collected may shed light on possible transmission routes
for AI across Asia.

In the Falkland Islands, Karesh and Field Veterinarian Marcella Uhart, along with influenza expert
David Swayne of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, collected samples from hundreds of rockhop-
per penguins that had been exposed to AI. The samples are incubating at Swayne’s laboratory in an
effort to grow the viruses that may be infecting the birds.

WCS Cambodia researcher Chea Sokha continues to monitor the merit bird trade (the Buddhist
tradition of purchasing caged birds to set free to earn celestial merit and ward off danger) and to
collect samples for disease analyses at two key sites in Phnom Penh. Daily counts of birds sold in
these locations have reached as high as 99,091. Meanwhile, researcher Yim Saksang compiles
socio-economic information and maps the bird trade’s network of trappers and middlemen.

The Field Veterinary Program was awarded two multi-year, multi-million-dollar subcontracts from
the National Institutes of Health and National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases to work
with the Universities of Minnesota and California at Los Angeles. The universities have been named
Centers of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance.


to curators and keepers. Stephanie James, a WHS Clinical In another WHS project that deploys veterinary staff to lend
Care Senior Veterinarian, received a grant to assess the health their expertise to governments working to ensure a future for
of loon populations in New York State as a biological indicator wildlife, Robert Moore, an Associate Veterinarian in the Clinical
of environmental quality and to investigate the relationship Department, and Curator Catherine McClave traveled to An-
between environmental contaminants and infectious diseases. egada, British Virgin Islands, to assess the health of critically en-
Pamela A. Manning Torres, Veterinary Technician Supervi- dangered Anegada iguanas prior to re-release. A species of rock
sor, assisted with this project to investigate the relationship iguana, the lizards are collected from the wild as hatchlings and
between environmental contaminants and infectious disease. raised in captivity until they are large enough to avoid predation
Scott Silver and Linde Ostro, WCS Director of Individual by rats and cats. Fewer than 200 of these iguanas exist today.
Giving, along with six keepers from the Bronx and Queens Through the year, WHS pathologists identified diseases to
zoos, conducted a follow-up survey of translocated howler mon- ensure animal health. They diagnosed chytridiomycosis, a dead-
keys in the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary in Belize. The ly fungus blamed for global amphibian declines and extinctions,
results indicated an increase in population density since the first in a critically endangered group of toads at the Bronx Zoo. This
translocations to that area 15 years earlier. Through the AZA lead to the rapid screening of the entire WCS amphibian popu-
Conservation Endowment Fund and a LI Species Survival Fund lation for the pathogen and treatment of infected animals. A re-
grant, David Powell is working on a video that demonstrates view of samples from the extensive WCS tissue archives showed
techniques for the design and conduct of behavior research this outbreak to be a novel event and one that is unlikely to be
projects. This short course is intended for AZA members, WCS repeated due to ongoing preventive medicine programs and
staff, university students, and other educational partners. vigilant monitoring.
Paul Calle, previously a WHC Senior Clinical Care Veteri- The WHS Field Veterinary Program (FVP) continued to
narian, was appointed Acting Director of Zoological Health make advances in the Global Avian Influenza Network for
Programs. During the year, Calle worked in Southeast Asia in Surveillance of Wild Birds (see sidebar, page 27). The FVP also
support of WCS Global Conservation Programs (GCP) for continued its work in Africa’s Congo Basin, exploring ways to
endangered turtles and tortoises. In Cambodia, Calle assisted protect gorillas and chimpanzees from Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
colleague Joe Walston in recovery efforts for mangrove terrapins, Caused by the Ebola virus, the disease is as highly contagious
once thought to be extinct in that country. The work included and deadly for great apes as it is for humans, killing 80 per-
inserting identifying microchips into hatchlings before releasing cent or more of those it infects. Field Veterinarian Alain Ulrich
them. Recovery efforts continued in Myanmar for the Burmese Ondzie plays a key role in efforts to collect biological samples in
roof terrapin, another critically endangered turtle. Calle assisted suspected Ebola “hot zones.” Ondzie’s work provides critical in-
in developing husbandry techniques, providing adequate facili- formation to the Congolese Ministry of Health, which relies on
ties for the animals, microchipping babies, and training local the FVP to know where and when Ebola is threatening human
staff to perform these procedures at nest sites. communities. To date, most Ebola epidemics have appeared in
In China, Senior Clinical Veterinarian Bonnie Raphael and gorilla and chimpanzee populations prior to afflicting people
Clinical Veterinary Technician Karen Ingerman collaborated in the same areas. Identifying active Ebola epidemics is critical
with Global Conservation’s John Thorbjarnarson in pre-release both to learning more about its impact on wildlife and to pro-
health screenings of and transmitter placements in six captive- tecting surrounding human communities.
born Chinese alligators. This project is part of a long-term con- The FVP’s Animal Health for the Environment and De-
servation strategy for the species, the most endangered of the
23 types of crocodilians. Bronx Zoo-raised Chinese alligators Right: Paul Calle, a Wildlife Health Center Senior Clini-
were among those released on Chongming Island, where there is cal Care Veterinarian, was appointed Acting Director
adequate habitat to establish a sizable population. Graduate stu- of Zoological Health Programs. During the year, Calle
dents from East China Normal University will track the alliga- worked in Southeast Asia with WCS Global Conserva-
tors’ movements to see how they adapt to and use their habitat. tion projects for endangered turtles and tortoises.


velopment (AHEAD) initiative continued to work with the Field Veterinarians Marcella Uhart and Carolina Marull—
Southern African Development Community (SADC), par- along with WCS Global Conservation colleagues Claudio
ticularly in developing its Regional Biodiversity Strategy. The Moraga, Andres Novaro, and Martin Funes—spent three weeks
SADC region consists of Angola, Botswana, the Democratic tracking and capturing elusive guanacos in the highly forested
Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, landscape of Tierra del Fuego, Chile. The team evaluated the
Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, health of the animals and equipped them with radio collars
Zambia, and Zimbabwe. As a result of the collaboration, the of- for ecological studies. Mange, a contagious skin disease that
ficial SADC Regional Biodiversity Strategy acknowledges that has rarely been reported in other parts of South America, was
the prospect of removing barriers between wildlife and livestock identified there. Samples collected from these animals will not
under transfrontier land-use initiatives will have major implica- only shed light on the origins of this potentially fatal disease so
tions for animal health and disease control in the region. The prevention strategies can be developed, but they will also help
strategy embraces the WCS “One World-One Health” vision determine the overall health of the guanaco population in this
for research, policy, and planning. remote region.




and in remote, developing nations, the WCS Educa-
tion division advances WCS’s mission to save wildlife and
wild lands through a variety of learning opportunities.
Programs encompass teacher training workshops, college
courses, summer camps, theater presentations, community
outreach, and school, weekend, after-school, and distance-
learning initiatives. Unlike many ecology-based programs,
these educational endeavors go beyond emotional pleas for
the protection of wildlife to provide rich environmental
science instruction based on WCS’s pioneering research.
Understanding key scientific principles is the essential
underpinning for a focus on conservation and ecology.
One of the most notable events of the year was the hiring of Sara Hobel as
the new Vice President of Education. A graduate of Dartmouth College and the
Columbia University Graduate School of Business, Hobel has broad environ-
mental education and managerial experience as well as a love for wildlife. She re-
cently served as Director of the New York City Department of Parks’ Urban Park
Rangers Program, where she was responsible for more than 150 full-time and
seasonal conservation officers and educators involved in public programs, wild-
life management, and enforcement in flagship parks throughout the five bor-
oughs of New York City. Hobel replaces Annette Berkovits, who retired as Senior
Vice President for Education after 34 years of service to WCS and the conserva-
tion education field. During Berkovits’s tenure, the WCS Education division
developed a depth of programming unparalleled by any other informal sci-
ence institution (ISI), pioneering life science curricula, or major national teacher
training seminars. WCS also became the first ISI to receive the prestigious Na-
tional Science Board award for excellence and creativity in teaching science.


Above and beyond the year’s change in leadership, the 150 sixth graders. “This school will become a model of public
WCS Education division and Fordham University’s Graduate service,” says WCS President and CEO Dr. Steven E. Sander-
School of Education forged a partnership to create a Masters son, “enhancing science education for underserved children in
Degree program for middle and high school science teachers. our community. It will also help chart the future of conserva-
The new partnership integrates Fordham’s expertise in teacher tion as we know it—opening doors for young minds and inte-
preparation with WCS’s leadership and experience in con- grating conservation science into their everyday activities.”
servation and environmental education. Starting in summer The WCS Education division has a long history of offering
2008, participants will take six courses at Fordham and six at highly engaging programs to K–12 students, who learn key
the Bronx Zoo. science, math, social studies, and reading concepts in addition
Another major initiative, for which the Education division to important lessons in conservation. For many youngsters,
laid the groundwork this year, is the Urban Assembly School WCS programs constitute their first introduction to environ-
for Wildlife Conservation. This new public school—partner-
ing WCS with the Urban Assembly, New York City Depart- Pages 30–31: Animal Kingdom Camp is a favorite
ment of Education, and Phipps Community Development for summer learning at the Bronx Zoo. Below: WCS
Corporation—will use conservation science as a vehicle to Conservation Education Fellows from seven countries—
engage middle and high school students from disadvantaged Bangladesh, India, Lao PDR, Madagascar, Republic of
communities in interdisciplinary learning. Based at IS 135 in Congo, South Africa, and Uganda—participated in this
the Bronx, the school opened in fall 2007 with approximately yearʼs training program in New York.


Based on your observations, calculate how many calories a snow leopard requires per
day. Write a short poem in iambic pentameter about gorillas. What does a veterinary
pathologist do? This could very well be a test for students at the new Urban Assembly
School for Wildlife Conservation, a public school operated by The City of New York in
cooperation with WCS and the Bronx Zoo. A partnership of WCS, the
Urban Assembly, and the Phipps Community Development Corporation,
the school opened in fall 2007 with 150 sixth graders from the Bronx
and will eventually serve children in grades 6 through 12. For the time
being, the school is located at IS 135 in the New York City Department
of Education’s Region Two. Students will come from some of the most
underserved parts of the Bronx—itself one of the most disadvantaged
communities in the country. The Bronx Zoo will serve as the students’
living classroom. Its gorillas, snow leopards, okapis, and other amazing
wildlife will help motivate and improve student performance in science
and other academic disciplines.

“The Bronx Zoo is very excited about working with the Urban Assembly School for
Wildlife Conservation, its students, and their families,” says Don Lisowy, the Zoo’s
Curator of Education. “The Zoo will tap into the students’ interest in wildlife, enabling
them, regardless of ethnicity, gender, or neighborhood, to achieve at high levels over a
significant portion of their school career.”


/ii˜ÃÊ>ŽiÊÊ ˆvviÀi˜Vi
Teens for Planet Earth, developed by the WCS Education division in
2006, provides young people across the United States and around
the world with the tools to engage in conservation-based, service-
learning projects in their communities. Teams of teens select an adult
advisor and register on to receive sup-
port. For example, teams are monitoring coyotes and deer in areas
around Chicago and raising awareness about amphibians in Wash-
ington State.

At the end of this year, 195 teens had registered, along with 246
adult advisors, representing 40 U.S. states and the District of Colum-
bia and 24 countries. In addition, Leadership Institutes for adult advi-
sors are held twice yearly. These three-day events prepare educators
for the critical role of mentoring the Teens for Planet Earth teams.


Project SPARKS (Supporting Parents
in Advocacy, Reform, and Knowledge
in Science) helps parents in the Bronx
engage their children in science
education at home and encourages
those parents to become advocates
for science education in schools.
mental learning. In 2007, more than 71,000 schoolchildren complete a scientific research project as a prerequisite for
benefited from WCS school programming. graduation. Through the Urban Advantage Program, the
Adolescents continue to be an important audience. Teens WCS Education division shows middle school teachers and
for Planet Earth, a prime example, provides young people students creative ways in which to use the education resources
from around the world with tools to participate in conser- at the Bronx Zoo and New York Aquarium to complete their
vation-based, service-learning projects. These projects range exit projects. In a similar vein, a new professional development
from environmental surveys to habitat cleanups and native course at the Bronx Zoo, Field Studies at the Zoo, introduces
plant restorations. eighth-grade teachers to ways to use the Zoo as a site for stu-
At the Bronx Zoo, After School Adventures in Wildlife dents to study animal behavior.
Science, now in its seventh year, brings highly interesting, con- WCS has long recognized that parents as well as teach-
tent-rich science education to inner-city high school students ers are crucial to a child’s success in school. With two con-
from the five New York City boroughs. Supported by the secutive grants from the Institute of Museum and Library
Charles Hayden Foundation, the program fosters an interest Services (IMLS), Project SPARKS (Supporting Parents in
in science and science-related careers among underserved stu- Advocacy, Reform, and Knowledge in Science) helps parents
dents. It also enhances their confidence and self-esteem while in the Bronx involve their children in science education at
providing them with a safe haven during the high-risk after- home. The program also has been very effective in encourag-
school hours. At the Bronx Zoo and the New York Aquarium, ing parents to become advocates for science education in their
summer teen internships involve youths in environmental and schools. In recognition, IMLS awarded the WCS Education
ecological studies. Teenage volunteers become engaged in all division a grant to disseminate the SPARKS model to zoos,
facets of education programming at the Aquarium, Prospect aquariums, natural history museums, and other informal
Park Zoo, and Queens Zoo. science institutions nationwide. Through SPARKS Across
All public school eighth graders in New York City must- America, the Bronx Zoo shares with ISI educators the lessons
it has learned, enabling them to plan and implement their own
This year, in recognition of the effectiveness of the parent involvement programs.
WCS Education divisionʼs Project SPARKS (above), The New York Aquarium’s EPA-sponsored Project POW-
the Institute of Museum and Library Services awarded ER (Protecting Our Wetlands with Educators and Regulators)
WCS a grant to disseminate the SPARKS model to concluded this year with the training of staff from zoos and
zoos, aquariums, natural history museums, and other aquariums in 13 states. Since 1994, the Aquarium has worked
informal science institutions across the nation. in cooperation with the New York State Department of Envi-


ronmental Conservation to provide workshops on conserva- ture, focused on wildlife issues and careers in conservation.
tion regulations and wetland ecology to violators of New York Central Park Zoo established an eight-part program for
State’s tidal wetlands laws. The workshops have been successful New York City home-schooled students. Through this effort,
in preventing repeat violations and in promoting an under- which combines off-site programming and structured field
standing of the vital importance of wetlands and the laws that trips to the Zoo, education staff promotes an understanding of
protect them. Project POWER enabled the Aquarium to dis- wildlife science, ecology, and the everyday choices a household
seminate this model to state environmental agencies and ISIs can make to reduce consumption and, in the process, protect
across the country. the Earth’s natural resources.
Through similarly effective—albeit more local—outreach New developments in the Education division’s distance-
efforts, the WCS Education division continued to extend its learning program, which uses two-way video programming
reach into the City’s diverse communities. Prospect Park Zoo to reach students in the U.S. and around the world, included
conducted “Bison and American Prairies” at the Brooklyn the first-ever video conference with schools in the Domini-
Public Library. Educators used kinesthetic activities to teach can Republic and Honduras. Distance learning programming
children about food webs, keystone species, and the effect of also reached families in the United Kingdom visiting the eight
one animal’s extinction on other animals. The educators also institutions of the National Museums Liverpool. In addition,
highlighted WCS’s conservation successes with the American students in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, who were displaced by
bison. In Queens Zoo programming, educators taught audi-
ences from local day care centers, pre-schools, public schools, Above: As part of the New York Aquarium education
and public libraries about regional wildlife issues. The Queens programs, teen docents monitor the fish populations
Zoo also hosted underserved middle school students from in Coney Island Creek. Right: The WCS Education
Jamaica, Queens, who had enrolled in the Young Women’s Teaching Fellows programs offer first-hand experience
Leadership Foundation School. Programs and field trips for for recent college graduates and graduate students as
these students, many of whom had little prior exposure to na- environmental educators.


Drama is a powerful teaching tool that can cultivate children’s in-
nate sense of wonder about nature. WCS’s Wildlife Theater Program
provides theater and conservation education opportunities for school-
age children in its four zoos and aquarium and throughout the New
York metropolitan area. Combining high quality, hands-on life sci-
ence instruction with stimulating theatrical presentations, the program
educates children about saving wildlife and wild places around the
world. For example, in the play “The Adventures of Captain Cocoa,”
the audience joins puppet Captain Cocoa on an adventure to protect
the rainforest. This superhero’s antics help youngsters discover that
even one person can really help save the day.

Alison Saltz, the Wildlife Theater Program’s Outreach Coordinator,

served for four years as Adjunct Performing Instructor with the Wildlife
Theater troupe, has written and produced newscasts, and has toured
with the National Theater of the Performing Arts.


Hurricane Katrina were given a dozen free programs. Alto- worked on a conservation education project relevant to their
gether, during the 2006–2007 school years, WCS provided home country settings.
video-conference programming to more than 8,000 students. In spring 2007, the WCS Education division crossed the
Wildlife Theater remained a perennial favorite with visi- digital divide with its first online training program for teach-
tors at all of the WCS parks. At the Prospect Park Zoo, the ers. Assistant Director of National Programs Jennell Ives trans-
season’s newest show, “The Adventures of Captain Cocoa,” formed a popular 30-hour course on habitat ecology into an
helped audiences learn about rainforest ecology through pup- interactive experience for teachers. Participants are eligible for
petry. At the Queens Zoo, “The Great Migration Adventure” graduate credits. Based on the success of this pilot, WCS staff
and “Look Homeward Pigeon” highlighted the importance is planning to produce several more.
of wetlands and animal migration. At the Central Park Zoo, One of the most exciting new teacher training programs
audiences of Radio KOL, AOL’s popular online daily show has been established in Guatemala. There, WCS educators
for kids, were introduced to the Wildlife Theater production work with the Global Conservation division and the Public
“Thundering Hooves, or How the Wildlife Conservation So- Research and Evaluation team to increase knowledge about
ciety Saved the Bison as Interpreted by Sock Puppets,” written and develop more positive attitudes toward jaguars in the
by On-Site Theater Coordinator Nicole Greevy. small communities in and around the Maya Biosphere Re-
Drama of another sort took place in April at the Bronx serve. Nalini Mohan, a WCS International Teacher Trainer,
Zoo. In cooperation with the Special Events Department, the paid her second visit to the small community of Uaxactún.
WCS Education division held its fifth annual Poetry Safari During her visit, students of Jarol Fernando Quixchan, a
Weekend. The recipients of the annual Winning Words Poetry schoolteacher she had trained six months earlier, performed a
Safari Contest for 8- to 13-year-olds read their entries. More drama they had written about jaguars, with the Uaxactún ar-
than 2,100 contest entries were sent in by young people from cheological site as the stage.
New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Massachusetts. Po- Tom Naiman, WCS Director of International Education
etry events are supported by JPMorgan Chase. and Curriculum Development, was elected the 2008 President
The Teaching Fellows Programs at the Bronx, Prospect of the International Zoo Educators Association (IZE). This
Park, and Queens Zoos, which provide learning opportuni- association consists of more than 250 educators from zoos,
ties to promising university students and young professionals, aquariums, and protected areas around the globe. It is also the
opened their doors to a select group of talented educators from official education arm of the World Association of Zoos and
across the U.S. By providing the Fellows with opportunities Aquariums.
to design workshops, teach classes, and assist in WCS educa- The Education division also helped WCS’s country pro-
tion initiatives, the program provided the participants with grams in Belize and China assess the impacts of their educa-
substantial training and experience while affording the zoos tion and outreach programs and develop strategies for the
much-needed teaching assistance. future. These cooperative efforts are indicative of the ways in
Now in its eighth year, the WCS Conservation Education which WCS conservation and education programs around
Fellowship Program reached out to educators working with the world work together to bring more holistic conservation
communities in high-priority areas around the world. This approaches to bear in landscapes where humans and wildlife
year, seven WCS Conservation Education Fellows were cho- must coexist.
sen—from Bangladesh, India, Lao PDR, Madagascar, Repub- At all of the WCS facilities, Education division volunteers
lic of Congo, South Africa, and Uganda. During the two-and- spread the conservation message to zoo and aquarium visi-
a-half-week program, the Fellows observed WCS educational tors of all ages. This educated, inspired, and highly dedicated
programs at all five WCS facilities in New York and attended group of docents connects people to wildlife through exhibit
classes on topics ranging from learning theory and program interpretation, school and VIP tours, and vital assistance to
evaluation to presentation skills. They also met with WCS educators conducting programs. We simply cannot thank
staff in the Education and Global Conservation programs and them enough.



AROUND THE WORLD, WCS continues to increase its impact

by strengthening the field-based conservation efforts that
have been key to its success for decades. As WCS expands
the geographic scope and diversity of each of its global
programs, the organization gains recognition as one of the
world’s most effective and efficient conservation entities.
Grounding in the field brings scientific data to local, national,
and regional policy debates and influences the course of
conservation both on the ground and in policy arenas.
In 2007, the Global Conservation division (formerly International Con-
servation) completed a strategic planning exercise that renewed its focus on
threatened landscapes, seascapes, and priority species. The division will con-
centrate its work in four areas: studying climate change and its impact on wild-
life, working with extractive industries to improve conservation outcomes
in production areas, improving systems and approaches to better link con-
servation with the livelihoods of the world’s poor, and deepening the un-
derstanding of the relationships between human and wildlife health.
The funding base continues to be diverse and strong. Perhaps the great-
est change this year was the increased support from the federal government, in
particular the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
In recent years, major USAID grants have been secured to support projects in
Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and other projects and programs that span the
globe. In the coming year, USAID funding will approach $15 million. These
funds—matched by the continued and expanding support from private in-
dividuals, foundations, and corporations—will help the Global Conserva-
tion division increase the depth and breadth of WCS’s conservation impact.


vÀˆV> landscapes under its management—halting poaching, estab-
The forests and savannas of Africa harbor some of Earth’s last lishing sound land-use planning, and helping communities
intact wildlife communities, store carbon, and provide vital manage resources sustainably.
services to some of the planet’s poorest people. With 1,100 For many years, WCS’s work in Africa focused on the
staff, 10 country programs, and more than 100 projects, WCS world’s most famous wildlife habitat, the eastern savannas,
manages the largest, most effective field conservation program but during the 1990s, the Society gave priority to rainfor-
on the continent. ests and capacity building in central Africa. Today, Global
This year, WCS renewed funding to save the world’s sec- Conservation is revitalizing its work in eastern Africa. It is
ond largest rainforest, in the Congo Basin, and to reinvigorate unifying projects in Tanzania under WCS Country Director
programs in the east African savannas. USAID committed to Tim Davenport, expanding in Uganda with USAID support,
a five-year renewal of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership, the linking conservation and food security in Zambia’s Luangwa
Republic of Congo pledged to create four new protected areas, Valley, and returning to Southern Sudan after 22 years of war
and the Democratic Republic of Congo promised to double there. This year, Paul Elkan and Mike Fay repeated the WCS
its area under protection. WCS field scientists discovered that aerial surveys that were made in 1980 in Southern Sudan and
central Africa’s largest national park, Salonga, harbors more discovered, to their astonishment, that the world’s second larg-
than 7,000 bonobos (pygmy chimpanzees), but it has lost 90 est terrestrial migration—1.2 million antelopes—still takes
percent of its elephants to poachers. Mike Fay focused the place. These results helped WCS launch a partnership with the
world’s attention on the slaughter of 1,000 elephants in Za- autonomous Government of Southern Sudan to rebuild the
kouma, Chad, and Steve Blake documented the catastroph- region’s parks, regulate oil exploration, promote tourism, and
ic decline of forest elephants in central Africa. Despite this contribute to sustainable development.
troubling news, WCS has made measurable progress with the WCS’s upcoming New York City gateway to conservation


in Africa—the Bronx Zoo’s Madagascar! exhibit—is nearing roads through rural areas. At the same time, WCS is devel-
completion. Meanwhile, with WCS help, the 1,500-square- oping a series of corridors to allow wildlife to migrate freely
mile Makira rainforest was gazetted as the island’s largest through natural landscapes. In the Patagonia steppe, Andrés
protected area. In addition, the Malagasy Government signed Novaro, Susan Walker, and their staff work closely with local
a groundbreaking agreement with WCS to market reduced de- authorities and communities to protect the migratory routes
forestation carbon, and UNESCO named the Masoala- of guanacos, which may be affected by a new road to serve the
Makira Landscape a World Heritage Site. mining industry. In the Upper Amazon, Michael Painter, Rob
Wallace, Lilian Painter, and their staff support local institu-
È>Ê tions, so that construction of an interoceanic highway con-
Asia has some of the highest human populations and densi- necting Brazil with Bolivia and Peru will not permanently
ties (China has more than one billion people) and some of the affect old-growth, Brazil nut, and native palm forests. Aquatic
lowest (Mongolia, with only two and a half million people). It issues in the Amazon are critical to this approach. The integrity
has tundra and desert, humid tropical forests and snow-clad of river watersheds is key for migratory catfish that travel thou-
conifers, great flat grasslands and the highest mountains on sands of miles from the mouth of the Amazon to spawn in the
Earth. In addition, Asia has the fastest growing economy in Upper Madre de Dios. Only sound management decisions
the world. implemented at the right time will help protect these natural
As a result, the region faces an extraordinary array of threats spectacles.
to its wildlife and wild places. WCS is active in 16 Asian coun- Emphasis on good governance for conservation is help-
tries, implementing a wide variety of solutions to protect wild- ing to protect large natural areas in Latin America. In Guate-
life populations. WCS also works across political boundaries: mala, the Multisectoral Roundtable is an initiative in which
in China and Russia to save Amur tigers; in the mountains stakeholders—local governments, peasant federations, wom-
of the high Pamirs with the governments of Pakistan, Af- en’s groups, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and
ghanistan, Tajikistan, and China to protect Marco Polo sheep others—can voice their concerns regarding the building of a
and snow leopards; and in Southeast Asia to help control the road across the Petén that will link Guatemala with Mexico.
unsustainable wildlife trade. Our innovative Tigers Forever Roan McNab and Bayron Castellanos are leading this effort
program guarantees not just the survival of tigers at key sites to convene a sustainable development approach that focuses
across their range but an increase in tiger numbers by 50 per- on wildlife conservation. WCS is committed to opening new
cent in ten years. In addition, WCS is committed to training gateways to conservation in response to local development ap-
the next generation of conservationists by building practical proaches in Latin America.
knowledge and systems among government agency personnel,
local communities, and students from primary school through >Àˆ˜i
university levels. At the heart of WCS’s global marine efforts is the conservation
of important seascapes—wild areas remaining in the oceans—
>̈˜Ê“iÀˆV> and ocean giants—large, highly mobile animals such as
The Latin American landscape is changing, as newly elected whales, dolphins, sharks, and sea turtles. The work is complex,
governments develop plans to connect countries via a web of dynamic, and draws on cutting-edge science, strong partner-
ships with communities and governments, and entrepreneur-
Pages 40–41: WCS is studying leopards in KwaZulu- ial conservationists of WCS-Marine.
Natal, South Africa. Left: Waters surrounding the In- Today, ocean conservation involves forging new relation-
donesian archipelago host magnificent corals and reef ships and strategies, linking ecology and socioeconomics,
fish, which are under enormous pressure from environ- marrying traditional and modern approaches, and working
mental changes and development. WCSʼs team works across political and geographic boundaries. It is also about
with communities to protect these fragile ecosystems. changing habits, building new skills, and working on larger


and larger scales to accommodate the various interconnections Bob Inman (above, in foreground) and the staff
over vast distances that sustain life in the sea. In places like of WCS-Greater Yellowstone have discovered that
Belize, Fiji, Nicaragua, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesia, wolverines routinely travel incredible distances—one
WCS works with fishermen who are becoming researchers and male traversed nearly 560 miles in 42 days.
with communities that are taking active roles in more sustain-
able management of ecologically and economically vital fish resource development, rural and urban sprawl, pollution, and
stocks and critical ocean habitats. In Kenya and Madagascar, wildlife diseases. When coupled with climate change, these
and throughout the western Indian Ocean, WCS is identify- threats present major challenges to conservation in the twenty-
ing and protecting the coral reef systems that are most likely first century.
to persist during this time of climate change. WCS seascapes In response to these challenges, WCS-North America is
are models for conservation efforts elsewhere. And their focus thinking big! This year, two new programs were established.
on ocean giants is revealing the secrets—and the conserva- One focuses on the connectivity of wildlife and wild plac-
tion needs—of animals that captivate public imagination, but es across the continent, and the other will deal with climate
about which we know so little. change.
Protected contiguous landscapes are critical for wildlife in
œÀ̅Ê“iÀˆV> North America. They allow traditional migrations to contin-
For more than a century, WCS has been working to conserve ue—such as the pronghorn path, a 170-mile migratory route
iconic North American wildlife—wolf, grizzly bear, cougar, in and out of Grand Teton National Park. They also provide
bison, caribou, wolverine—and the continent’s wildest places. for wide-ranging species—such as wolverine and caribou—to
WCS-North America is also advancing its understanding of thrive in Canada’s boreal forest. WCS works with conserva-
the natural processes that support wildlife, such as fire and sea- tion partners and communities in a suite of large landscapes
sonal migrations. Wildlife face many threats, including natural across North America—the Adirondacks and Northern Ap-


palachians, Greater Yellowstone and Yellowstone to Yukon, loss in developing countries is receiving renewed attention
the boreal forest, the Arctic, and the Sagebrush Sea—to ensure for its carbon mitigation potential. WCS has been a leader in
that wildlife highways—connected and intact landscapes—are developing market-based mechanisms that conserve forests,
protected on WCS’s home continent. This is especially critical which sequester carbon while providing additional benefits for
in the face of climate change, as temperatures rise and habitats people and wildlife. Our Makira Forest project in Madagas-
evolve. WCS is computer-modeling these potential shifts and car demonstrates the success of this landscape-level approach.
the abilities of wildlife to adapt. The results of this work are WCS is taking that experience to the policy level in a number
likely to influence the establishment of protected areas. of countries, seeking to develop forest credits for international
markets and contributing to global forums such as the UN
՘̈˜}Ê>˜`Ê7ˆ`ˆviÊ/À>`i Convention on Climate Change, the World Bank, and the
Globalization links people to international markets and brings Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance to develop
benefits to millions of people around the world. Unfortunate- rigorous standards for carbon projects that protect standing
ly, the process is also wiping out some of the most spectacular forests and their wildlife populations.
animals on the planet due to one factor—dramatic increases
in the wildlife trade. Whole animals and their parts are being ˆÛˆ˜}Ê>˜`ÃV>«iÃÊ
sold on an increasingly massive scale. The world’s wild places WCS-Living Landscapes (LLP) plays an important role within
are becoming silent as animals are taken and sold in distant the conservation community, identifying, testing, and dissem-
markets as meat, medicines, furs, feathers, skins, pets, and tro- inating innovative strategies for large, wild ecosystems. The
phies. Meanwhile, the rural people who depend on wildlife for Human Footprint analysis has been extended to the oceans,
life-supporting resources are driven farther and farther away for the first time creating a map of the global human marine
from home to hunt for smaller and smaller reward. footprint. Range-wide priority setting exercises were complet-
WCS is expanding its efforts to address this escalating ed this year for tigers, North American bison, and four Asian
threat. In 73 projects in 29 countries, its multifaceted, locally bear species, leading to plans for conservation in their histori-
designed programs tackle the entire trade chain from wild areas cal ranges. WCS’s Global Conservation division will integrate
to urban markets. WCS is also raising top-level awareness and LLP tools into all site-based projects. Combined with new
political will to take the issue seriously. This year, much of the expertise in property and tenure rights, market analysis, and
focus was on the increased consumption of wildlife in China, payment for ecosystems services available to WCS through the
the world’s largest buyer of tiger skins and bones, ivory, turtles, new Translinks project, these tools have substantially strength-
snakes, saiga horns, and many other species and their parts. ened our ability to conserve threatened wildlife within the
WCS is working with colleagues in China and beyond to con- largest, most biologically diverse wild lands across Asia, Africa,
trol this trade that threatens wildlife across the globe. and the Americas. Closer to home, the Mannahatta Project
enables New Yorkers to imagine the nature of the island as it
*œˆVÞ was 400 years ago.
WCS continues to use its broad field expertise to influence
global decision-making on a wide range of issues affecting -Vˆi˜ViÊ>˜`Ê Ý«œÀ>̈œ˜
wildlife and wild lands. Climate change was perhaps the fore- By forging new ground and tackling conservation challenges
most conservation issue in the international arena this year. in an evolving world, WCS-Science and Exploration (SEP)
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) works to save great cats and other wildlife. Animals do not ob-
estimates that global warming could threaten 20 percent of serve political borders. To save species across their ranges, the
Earth’s wild species in the next 50 years. SEP aims to connect landscapes that wildlife require by bring-
Tropical deforestation, as both a major source of green- ing policymakers from various countries together to build
house gas emissions and an immediate and devastating threat transboundary peace parks.
to wildlife, has long been of great concern for WCS. Forest This year, Tigers Forever was born. A Panthera project in


collaboration with WCS, this initiative responds to the threats of young conservationists from 19 countries. Under the Re-
tigers face. Its goal is to increase tiger numbers in key areas by search Fellowship Program, WCS awarded 19 grants to help
50 percent over the next ten years. build the grantees’ capacity in applied conservation research.
For jaguars, WCS is engaging governments and local stake- Investment in partner organizations continued through the
holders across political boundaries. WCS is also conserving NGO Institutional Development Program, providing seven
the last known population of Asiatic cheetahs—found in Iran. grants to NGO partners around the world to support staff
It is in these last wild places that WCS discovers windows into training, infrastructure development, and institutional plan-
a past when wilderness reigned and into a future that we hope ning and management systems. Another six teams of MBA
prevails for some of the most endangered species on Earth. students from the University of California, Berkeley worked
on business planning projects with WCS programs and part-
>«>VˆÌÞÊ Õˆ`ˆ˜}Ê ner organizations in Africa and Latin America.
Graduate education and other forms of training are important The WCS partnership with Rare, an international NGO
gateways to long-term careers for many conservationists. This specializing in social marketing campaigns to support con-
year, the WCS Graduate Scholarship Program awarded seven servation, continued to develop, with the launch of four new
scholarships to students from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. WCS Rare Pride campaigns. The campaign species are the
Through the Conservation Leadership Programme (formerly colobus monkey in Cameroon, the Tibetan antelope in China,
the BP Conservation Programme), WCS provided three addi- the bonobo in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the gi-
tional graduate scholarships and project funding for 26 teams ant pangolin in Gabon.

Dale Lewis directs one of WCS’s, indeed Africa’s, most creative and ambitious conservation experiments. He
works in Zambia’s Luangwa Valley, an 80,000-square-mile oasis of elephants, hippos, giraffes, lions, and more.

A University of Texas graduate with a PhD in Zoology and Population Genetics, Dale studied birds and elephants
in Zambia before joining WCS in 1979. He soon realized that effective conservation could not ignore the Val-
ley’s quarter of a million impoverished people. In the 1980s and ’90s, he pioneered ADMADE (Administrative
Management Design), a program to share the proceeds of safari hunting with rural people, and founded a game
management training college. Some poaching persisted, however, because hunting provided unskilled people
with ready cash and food.

In response, Dale launched COMACO (Community Markets for Conservation) in 2001 with support from the
World Food Program. COMACO gives seeds to farmers who stop poaching. In return, they are taught conserva-
tion farming practices and participate in the program’s cooperative marketing board for fair trade. The results are
astounding: Thousands of snares and guns have been surrendered, hundreds of poachers have been transformed,
and 50,000 families are better fed. In addition, aerial censuses by WCS and the Zambian Wildlife Authority have
confirmed that wildlife is returning to the valley.

Dale’s tireless commitment to conservation is recognized and supported by key individuals—in particular his wife
of more than 20 years, Julia Nagata, a host of Zambian coworkers, and American philanthropist Bill Lloyd. Dale
and the WCS Zambia staff—all dynamic, industrious, and committed people—have gained worldwide admiration
and press attention. The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Zambia has provided major funding to the program, and
in 2003, Princess Anne presented Dale with the Whitley Conservation Award.


vÀˆV>Ê zone management. P. Elkan, P.
Auzel, C. Prevost, S. Elkan
Itombwe Forest, advising and follow-
up on a community conservation
ment of a protected areas network: 13
new national parks. L. White, M. Fay
project developed by national Bateke National Park Project. R. Calaque
BOTSWANA Biological surveys and monitoring in
NGO. J. Hart, L. Mubalama
Nouabalé-Ndoki peripheral zone Ivindo National Park Conserva-
Scent marking in African wild dogs: Development of a national conserva-
and greater landscape. P. Elkan, E. tion Project. N. Orbell
Understanding habitat manage- tion database, support systems for
ment and conservation. M. Parker Stokes, S. Strindberg, R. Malonga Mont Cristal National Park. J. Overman
ICCN. R. Mwinyhali, T. Hart
Bushmeat off-take monitoring in Gabon Press and Communica-
CAMEROON logging concessions in the buf- Maiko National Park. F. Amsini
tions Program. J. Ponte
Status and conservation of Cross River fer zone of NNNP. P. Elkan, M. Estimating forest zoning and
Mocknin, M. Eaton, R. Malonga forestry impact. J.R. Makana Mayumba Marine National
gorillas in the Cameroon Highlands. Park Project. R. Parnell
A. Nicholas, J. Oates, Y. Warren Bushmeat off-take and human Developing a park-wide monitoring sys-
demographic monitoring in tem with rangers in Virunga National Birougou and Waka National
Management of Mbam-Djerem Park Projects. M. Starkey
Bomassa-Bon Coin, NNNP. Park. D. Kujirakwinja, A.J. Plumptre
National Park. R. Fotso, B. Fosso
D. Ekoutouba, E. Stokes Support to park management Akanda/Pongara National
Large mammal surveys and bushmeat Park Project. B. Curran
Mbeli Bai gorilla social dynam- planning, park management and
studies around Mbam-Djerem
ics, ecology, and genetics. T. transboundary collaboration Gabon outreach and educa-
National Park. R. Fotso, F. Maisels
Breuer, E. Stokes, B. Bradley with Uganda. D.Kujirakwinja tion program. E. Chehoski
CAMRAIL: Support of law en-
Ecology and social behavior of chimpan- Conflict resolution for natural Gabon ecotourism development. J.
forcement of bushmeat transport resources conflicts in Virunga
on the railway. R. Fotso zees of the Goualogo Triangle, NNNP. Gwynne, L. White, B. Curran
National Park. D. Kujirakwinja Reduced impact logging. M. Vroom
Wildlife survey of Banyang-Mbo Wild- D. Morgan, C. Sanz, J. Onononga
Newly discovered species in Misotschi- Wildlife and Human Impact
life Sanctuary. Elizabeth Greengrass, Chimpanzee genetics study,
Kabogo region of SE DR Congo. Monitoring, Birougou National
F. Maisels, A. Nichols, R. Fotso Goualougo Triangle, NNNP. D. D. Kujirakwinja, A.J. Plumptre
Wildlife and Human Impact Morgan, C. Sanz, B. Bradley Park, Gabon: F. Maisels, R. Aba’a,
Wildlife and Human Impact Monitor- A. Bezangoye, M. Starkey
Monitoring, Mbam-Djerem Before-and-after impacts of logging: ing, Salonga National Park and
National Park. F. Maisels, R. Fotso Focal study on chimpanzees and Wildlife and Human Impact
Landscape: WCS DRC. F. Maisels
Wildlife and Human Impact Monitor- gorillas, Goualougo Triangle, NNNP. Monitoring, Loango National Park,
D. Morgan, C. Sanz, S. Strindberg Bushmeat surveys in the Salonga Land- Gabon. F. Maisels, M. Kokan-
ing, Takamanda Planned National scape. L. Steel, F. Maisels, P. Cowles
Park. F. Maisels, Y. Warren, H. goye, S. Leduc Yeno, T. Nishihara,
Conservation of Conkouati-Douli H. Kuehl, B. Huijbregts
Mboh, A. Nichols, R. Fotso National Park. H. Van Leeuwe ETHIOPIA
Advice on general monitor- Wildlife and Human Impact Monitor-
Conservation and biological Ethiopian elephant: Critical population ing, Mayumba National Park, Gabon:
ing and survey methodology to surveys of Lac Télé Commu- monitoring and law enforcement.
WCS Cameroon. F. Maisels F. Maisels, Q. Mackaya, R. J. Parnell
nity Reserve. H. Rainey Y. Demeke, K. Leggett, M. Kock
Wildlife and Human Impact Monitor-
School education program and envi- ing, Waka National Park, Gabon.
CENTRAL AFRICAN ronmental curriculum development. GABON F. Maisels, G. Abitsi, M. Starkey
REPUBLIC S Elkan, M. Gately, E. Stokes Research and training for management Monitoring of Djidji Bai, Ivindo
Dzanga forest elephant demographics Odzala Kokoua National Park of Lopé National Park and develop- National Park, Gabon: C.
and social dynamics. A. Turkalo Project. R. Malonga ment of visitor center. K. Abernethy, Faure, F. Maisels, N. Orbell
Research on the use of elephant infra- L. White, K. Jeffrey, E. Chehoski
Bateke Plateau Project. N. Gami Parks and people project: D.
sound as a method of censusing in The effects of oil exploration on for-
Development of Congo Wildlife Wilkie, J. Demmer, F. Maisels
forests (Cornell University). A. Turkalo est elephants in Loango National
Service. P. Elkan, J. Mokoko Park, Gabon. P. Wrege, S. Blake
CONGO REPUBLIC Lope/Chaillou Project in Congo. GHANA
Protection of forest elephants
P. Elkan, J. Mokoko in Ivindo National Park, Ga- Population surveys for crocodiles in
Nouabalé-Ndoki Project, Nouabalé-
bon. N. Orbell, S. Blake Ghana. M. Shirley, J. Thorbjarnarson
Ndoki National Park (NNNP).
M. Gately, E. Stokes, P. Elkan, S. CHAD Long-distance movements of for-
Elkan, J. Mokoko, D. DosSantos Conservation of and law enforce- est elephants in the Minkébé
ment monitoring for the el- National Park and their implica- Conservation of West African
Large mammal distribution and manatees and Fresco Lagoon
relative abundance between NNNP ephants of Zakouma National tions for conservation. S. Blake,
Park. J. M. Fay, J.P. Froment M. Ella Akou, P. de Wachter complex. A. Kouadio
and the village of Bomassa-Bon
Coin. E. Stokes, D. Ekoutouba, Langoué Bai forest elephant monitoring Chimpanzee, elephant, pygmy
M. Mboulafini, M. Hockemba DEMOCRATIC REPUB- project. M. Doukaga Kombila hippo surveys in Azagny Na-
LIC OF CONGO tional Park & Port Gaultier
Do experiments predict practice? Forest history and dynamics and
Forest complex. A. Kouadio
Evaluating the influence of patience on Elephant and large mammal their implications for manage-
monitoring in the Okapi Faunal ment in the Lopé National Park. Crocodile population surveys in
human behavior in Gabon. D. Wilkie
Reserve. J. Hart, P. Tshikaya L. White, R. Oslisly, A. Batsielili Cote d’Ivoire. M. Shirley, J.
Monitoring Key Mammal Species in Thorbjarnarson, A. Kouadio
the Ndoki-Likouala Landscape of Okapi Faunal Reserve and Commu- Ecology and social organization of
Northeastern Congo. E. Stokes, S. nity Management Zoning Project. R. elephants in central Gabon. L.
Tshombe, R. Mwinyihali, E. Brown Momont, S. Blake, L. White KENYA
Strindberg, H. Rainey, D. Ekoutouba,
Sea turtle research, conservation, and Laikipia Predator Project: Conserva-
M. Mboulafini, M. Hockemba Ituri Forest Research and Training
support to a national NGO, ASF. G. tion of large carnivores in live-
General advice on wildlife Center (CEFRECOF). J. Hart
P. Sounguet, R. Parnell, A. Formia stock areas, mitigating human-
monitoring. F. Maisels Botanical exploration of the Okapi predator conflict. L. Frank
Faunal Reserve. C. Ewango Bushmeat survey and manage-
Dynamics of bai use by forest ment. K. Abernethy, M. Star- Kilimanjaro Lion Conserva-
elephants in the Odzala-Kokoua Gorilla monitoring in Kahuzi Biega Na- tion Project. L. Frank
key, D. Wilkie, E. Effa
National Park: ecology, sociality, tional Park, exploration of the lowland
sector and habitat mapping. I. Lien- Management, research, and eco- Lion Guardians. L. Frank, L. Hazzah
and risk. V. Fishlock, S. Blake
gola, J. Hart, M. Mbachu, J. Muhigua tourism in Iguela, coastal Gabon. Conservation of African wild dogs in the
Protection of forest elephants in the T. Nishihara, R. Parnell Samburu-Laikipia area. R. Woodroffe
Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Congo. Large mammal surveys and sup-
port to management in Kahuzi Gorilla research at Langoué Bai.
D. Bourges, S. Blake, R. Malonga M. Doukaga Kombila MADAGASCAR
Biega National Park. I. Lien-
Conservation of elephants in Bateke gola, J. Hart, F. Grossmann Establishment of national park Masoala National Park Conservation
Plateaux Landscape. P. Telfer, N. Bout, management infrastructure with Project. N. Blondel, J. Mac Kinnon,
Support of the re-establishment
M. Bourgarel, S. Blake, F. Maisels. Gabon government. N. Orbell, H. Crowley, L. Andriamampianina
of Kahuzi Biega National Park
(Gabon and Republic of Congo) L. White, B. Curran, M. Fay Protection of Makira Forests through
infrastructure. J. Hart, S. Whataut
Long-term phenological and nu- Coordinating a collaborative biological Cetacean research and humpback the creation of a new conservation
tritional studies of elephant and monitoring program in five World whale conservation in coastal site. C. Holmes, H. Crowley, L.
ape foods. E. Stokes, D. Morgan, Heritage Sites, in conjunction with Gabon. S. Ngouessono, N. Bdinga, Andriamampianina, D. Meyers
C. Sanz, T. Breuer, L. Bodjo MIKE program (Monitoring the T. Collins, H. Rosenbaum Freshwater fish in-situ and ex-
Nouabalé-Ndoki peripheral Illegal Killing of Elephants). J. Hart Support to government for establish- situ conservation. P. Loiselle


œœÊ i>ÀÃ
WCS is undertaking a new initiative—called Warm Waters for Cool Bears—to help save polar
bears, Earth’s largest terrestrial carnivore. Scott Bergen will use satellite imagery to predict areas of
sea ice that are likely to remain despite global warming, and thus where efforts to save polar bears
will be most effective. Other studies have followed individual females via satellite collars.

Polar bears rely on seasonal sea ice for stalking ringed and bearded seals, their principal prey.
A loss of this vital hunting habitat affects the ability of females to rear their cubs. Early recession
of coastal ice makes a previously manageable voyage hazardous. Without thick ice to walk on,
some bears drown from exhaustion while futilely swimming for shore. Those that do make it may be
stranded for longer periods without food as the sea ice becomes more distant and inaccessible.

This project is funded by a $100,000 grant from the Wendy P. McCaw Foundation and is the first
distribution-wide study on the ecological needs of polar bears in the context of global warming.
A comprehensive Geographical Information Systems (GIS) map incorporating nearly 30 years of
remote sensing and meteorological data will be used to determine which of the existing 18 popula-
tions of polar bears stand the best chance of surviving as the polar cap shrinks in size.

Scott is also working with researchers from the United States Geological Service in Alaska to
estimate what past, current, and future sea ice conditions mean for polar bear reproductive success
on the northern slope of Alaska. This study will be part of the administrative report that the U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service will use to determine whether to list polar bears as threatened or endangered
under the Endangered Species Act.


Conservation of humpback whales and Andohahela National Parks. Barakabuye, B. Weber, R. Victurine TANZANIA
and marine mammals in An- H. Crowley, L. Andriamam- Nyungwe forest conservation: Educa-
tongil Bay. H. Rosenbaum, Y. pianina, J. MacKinnon Southern Highlands Conserva-
tion, inventory, and monitoring. tion Program. T. Davenport,
Razafindrakoto, S. Cerchio I. Munanura, F. Mulindahab, A.
NAMIBIA N. Mpunga, S. Machaga
Conservation of the radiated tor- Plumptre, M. Sindikubwabo,
toise and spider tortoise and the Ecology, conservation, and E. Kaplin, M. Masozera Conservation of the Mt. Rungwe-
habitat in southern Madagas- community-based management Kitulo landscape. T. Davenport, N.
Restoring biodiversity conserva- Mpunga, S. Machaga, D. DeLuca
car. H. Randriamahazo of desert-adapted elephant and tion capacity in the mountain
Sahamalaza community-based natural giraffe in northwest. K. Leggett forest protected areas. M. Masoz- Carnivores of the Rift. D. De-
resource management project. L. era, B. Weber, I. Munanura Luca, N. Mpunga
Andriamampianina, N. Ramasinoro NIGERIA Elephant surveys in Akagera National Conservation of the Kipunji, a newly
Capacity building and training Status of Cross River gorillas in south- Park, I. Munanura, G. Parker discovered primate. T. Davenport, N.
program; education and training eastern Nigeria. A. Dunn, J. Oates Mpunga, S. Machaga, D. DeLuca
modules for conservation biology for Transboundary coordination between
Status of forests, gorillas, other primates protected area forests of Kabira, Tanzania Mammal Action Plan-
university and government institu-
in eastern Nigeria. A. Dunn, J. Oates Burundi and Nyungwe, Rwanda. ning: a national plan for mammal
tions. H. Crowley, T. Rahagalala
Development of a conservation N. Barakabuye, I. Munanura conservation in Tanzania. C. Foley,
Support to Madagascar government’s na- S. Durant, A. Lobora, S. Mduma
tional conservation planning. J. MacK- resource center at the University Ranging behavior of a group of 400
innon, H. Crowley, L. Andriamampia- of Calabar. A. Dunn, J. Oates colobus monkeys. F. Mulindahabi, Tarangire Siminjaro Landscape
nina, H. Randriamahazo, D. Meyers Surveys of chimpanzees in the M. Masozera, A. Plumptre Project. C. Foley, L. Foley
Support to the Madagascar National western forests of Nigeria. Tarangire Elephant Project. C.
Parks Service: Business plans for E. Greengrass, J. Oates SOUTH AFRICA Foley, L. Foley, L. Munishi
parks, ecological monitoring, and Impact of legal and illegal hunting Tanzania Cheetah Conservation
sustainable finance mechanisms. J. RWANDA on leopard ecology in KwaZulu- Program: A survey of the distribu-
MacKinnon, H. Crowley, R. Victurine Ecotourism development in Nyungwe Natal; using leopards to promote tion and status of cheetahs. S.
Promotion of ecotourism in Masoala National Park. I. Munanura, N. conservation planning. L. Hunter Durant, J. Shemkunde, D. Gottelli

In 1999, Aili Kang, a Shanghai graduate student in
chemistry, was wandering her university’s halls looking for
something interesting to do. In a stroke of fate, she stumbled
upon Endi Zhang, a biology professor and Director of
WCS-China. That meeting forever changed Aili’s life and
conservation in western China.

Aili had been interested in animals for as long as she

could remember, but until she met Endi, she hadn’t realized
she could turn that interest into a career. A stint studying
Chinese water deer quickly led to a PhD project on the
breeding behavior of captive saiga. While studying those
antelopes, Aili realized that the last of the wild saiga had
suffered a 95 percent decline in the previous 15 years.

While working on her doctorate, Aili translated George Schaller’s book Wildlife of the Tibetan Steppe into
Chinese for WCS. Little did she know that only a year after completing her PhD, she would be traveling across
the Tibetan steppe with Schaller. On that trip, they confirmed the breeding grounds of the western population of
Tibetan antelope and helped the government set up the West Kunlun Reserve. Later that same year, she traveled
with Schaller into the Pamir Mountains of western China to survey giant Marco Polo sheep. Four more trips to Tibet
followed, including a two-month winter traverse of the remote northern Chang Tang.

Today, Aili Kang is the WCS-West China Coordinator. She leads a new multi-million-dollar, three-year WCS
project to develop a conservation management plan for the greater Chang Tang region in Tibet. She is also the
Chinese contact for the Pamirs’ four-country transboundary protected area initiative and continues to be active in
fieldwork on Tibetan antelope and Marco Polo sheep. Luck led Aili to WCS, but her commitment to saving wildlife
has made her one of the best conservation biologists in China.


Tanzania Carnivore Conservation Ecology and deterrence of crop- Dehgan, G. Schaller, P. Zahler Thorbjarnarson, Y. Xie, L. Li
Center. S. Durant, M. Msuha raiding elephants. F. (Loki) Community conservation and
Rungwa-Ruaha Landscape Pro- Osborn, M. Gravina ecotourism in Wakhan. J. INDIA
gram. P. Coppolillo Mock, I. Ali, K. O’Neil Tiger surveys and monitoring. U.
Zanzibar coastal forest conservation
REGIONAL Rangeland assessments in Af- Karanth, S. Kumar, Srinivas, J.
and red colobus project. K. Siex Range-wide priority-setting for ghanistan. D. Bedunah Krishnaswamy, G.V. Reddy, A.
African Cheetahs and Wild Dogs. Gopalaswamy, D. Girish, B. Hegde
Hazarajat Plateau conservation
UGANDA S. Durant, R. Woodroffe, K. initiative. C. Shank, A. Alavi Community leadership for tiger
Minkowski, M. Parker, E. Sanderson conservation Karnataka. U.
Development of the Institute of Tropical Wildlife-livestock ecosystem
Forest Conservation in Bwindi Impen- Forest Elephant Crisis in the Congo Karanth, P. Muthanna, K. Chin-
health in the Pamirs. S. Os-
etrable National Park. A. McNeilage Basin. S. Blake, S. Strindberg et al. nappa, P. Bhargav, N. Jain
trowski, A. Rajabi, H. Noori
Assessment of the impact of oil explora- Ranging patterns and conserva- India M.Sc. graduate program in
Eastern Forests assessment. A. Dehgan
tion on biodiversity conservation in tion of forest elephants in the Wildlife Conservation. U. Karanth,
Congo Basin. S. Blake Biodiversity legislation and policy A. Kumar, J. Krishnaswamy
Uganda. I. Owiunji, A.J. Plumptre review. J. Wingard, A. Dehgan
Surveys of the Bwindi Impen- Survival strategies of African elephants Tiger habitat consolidation-land
across their ecological range. I. Ecosystem services valuation. K. Han, acquisition project. U. Karanth
etrable National Park. A. Mc- D. Wilkie, A. Dehgan, R. Victurine
Neilage, A.J. Plumptre Douglas-Hamilton, S. Blake, H. Wildlife conservation outreach project.
Rasmussen, G. Wittermyer, K. Leggett GIS landscape analyses. E. Delattre, H. U. Karanth, S. Gubbi, S. Dattatri
Monitoring the impact of conserva- R. Rahmani, A. Dehgan, R. Sanger
tion and development projects in Wildlife monitoring capacity-building Biodiversity exploration and primate
western Uganda. A. McNeilage, in Central Africa. F. Maisels Conservation capacity build- surveys in northeastern India. A. Sinha
S. Nampindo, A.J. Plumptre, Ape Survey and Monitoring Guide- ing and training. K. Stevens
G. Nangendo, S. Ayebare lines project (Species Specialist INDONESIA
Summarizing the impact of research Group: IUCN). F. Maisels CAMBODIA Conservation of Southern Sumatra For-
on conservation of Uganda’s parks Census of the mountain gorillas of the Cambodian Vulture Conserva- ests: Bukit Barisan Selatan and Bukit
and forest reserves. W. Olupot Virunga volcanoes (Rwanda, Uganda, tion Project. S. Chansocheat, Balai Rejang. P. Wibowo, M. Nusaia-
DR Congo). A. McNeilage, M. Gray, T. Clements, M. Gilbert wo, S. Ering, N. Brickle, N. Andayani
Understanding the trade in bush-
meat in Uganda. W. Olupot K. Fawcett, M. Robbins, A. Plumptre Conserving the Tonle Sap Great Elephant conservation in Sumatra in-
Central African Forestry Pro- Lake’s large-waterbird colo- cluding resolution of human-elephant
Lion conservation in Queen Elizabeth nies. S. Visal, L. Kheng
National Park. A.J. Plumptre, J. Ziwa gram and long-term study of conflicts. D. Gunaryadi, S. Hedges
botanical plots. V. Medjibe Conservation and recovery of the Sumatra-wide forest assessment. B.
Conservation of the mountain gorilla estuarine terrapin Batagur baska
population in Bwindi Impenetrable Ecology and management of the African Dewantara, D. Gaveau, B. Antonio
dwarf crocodile in Gabon and Congo. in Cambodia. H. Sovannara Conservation of North Sulawesi
National Park. A. McNeilage
M. Eaton, J. Thorbjarnarson Conservation of the seasonally forests and wildlife, including “Green
Biodiversity: Ecological processes, inundated grassland biodiversity of
evolutionary mechanisms, and capacity Satellite image analysis of the Albertine Livelihoods” Program. P. Wibowo,
Rift to assess forest change since the the Tonle Sap Great Lake. H. J. Tasirin, D. Rogi, E. Manasea
building. C. Chapman, L. Chapman Chamnan, S. Polin, T. Evans
mid-1980s. A. Plumptre, N. Laporte Conservation of the endan-
Building the capacity of Uganda Wildlife Establishing CALM (Conservation
Development of elephant monitor- gered Maleo in Sulawesi. I.
Authority in monitoring, research, and Areas through Landscape Manage-
ing system in the Congo Basin for Hunowu, D. Rogi, J. Tasirin
adaptive management. A.J. Plumptre ment) in the Northern Plains of
CITES, MIKE Program (Monitor- Sumatran tiger conservation, includ-
Transboundary collaboration for pro- ing the Illegal Killing of Elephants). Cambodia. T. Setha, H. Sambath, ing Sumatra-wide large mammal
tected areas in between Uganda Wild- S. Blake, J. Hart, R. Beyers H. Piseth, T. Clements, A. John assessment. Iswandri, H. Wibi-
life Authority and Institut Congolais Production of Khmer language
MegaFlyover: Last of the Wild/Hu- sono, D. Gunaryadi, N. Brickle
pour la Conservation de la Nature in field guides and training materi-
Democratic Republic of Congo. A. man Footprint, over-flight and Tiger conservation in Leuser
ground-truthing exploration for als. WCS-Cambodia staff Ecosystem, North Sumatra and
Plumptre, I. Owiunji, D. Kujirakwinja
setting conservation action priorities Seima Biodiversity Conservation Area. Aceh. B.P. Baroto, H. Wibisono
Biological surveys of the Albertine across the African continent. M. Fay, M. Soriyun, E. Pollard, T. Evans
Rift forests to establish zoning Indonesia Wildlife Crime Unit. D.
E. Sanderson, Congo Basin Forest Development of a national conserva- Nugroho, S. Siwu, H. Alexander
plans for the forests. A. Plumptre, Partnership (CBFP) under Central
I. Owiunji, D. Kujirakwinja tion plan for Siamese crocodiles
African Regional Program for the in Cambodia. J. Thorbjarnarson, IRAN
The ecology of disease transmission: Environment (USAID/CARPE). J. Walston, H. Sovannara
Implications for primate conservation J. Deutsch, K. Siex, C. Connolly Conservation of the Asiatic cheetah, its
in Kibale National Park. I. Rwego natural habitat, and associated biota.
Trinational park monitoring: CHINA L. Hunter, G. Schaller, P. Zahler
Surveys of the impact of conflict Congo, CAR, Cameroon (WCS/ West China (Tibet, Xinjiang,
on the environment in north- WWF/USAID). A. Turkalo,
ern Uganda. S. Nampindo, G. M. Gately, E. Stokes
Qinghai) ungulate conservation. KAZAKHSTAN
A. Kang, K. Zhang, G. Schaller
Picton-Phillips, A.J. Plumptre Ecology and conservation of a
Conservation Flight Program. D. Moyer Transboundary Amur tiger conser- unique community of endangered
ZAMBIA GIS and remote sensing support vation project. E. Li, C. Zhang, eagles at the Naurzum Zapoved-
for Africa. G. Picton-Phillips D. Miquelle, A. Heydlauff nik. T. Katzner, E. Bragin
Community markets for conserva-
Conservation Finance Pro- Country-wide wildlife trade Status and conservation of vultures
tion and rural livelihoods (CO-
gram. R. Victurine review and program develop- in southeastern Kazakhstan.
MACO). D. Lewis, B. Siachoono,
Lion Conservation Program “Project ment. Y. Xie, L. Li, E. Bennett T. Katzner, S. Sklyarenko
R. Nabuyanda, N. Tembo, M.
Matokwani, J. Phiri, W. Daka, M. Leonardo”. L. Hunter, N. Williams Conservation Education. Z. Li,
Kabila, M. Moonga, H. Mseteka, Population status, conservation and X. Zhou, L. Du, N. Mohan LAO PEOPLES
J. Nyirenda, S. Osofsky, A. Travis systematics of Nile crocodiles in West Conservation and biodiversity DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
Database management for a multi-sector and Central Africa. J. Thorbjar- information. Y. Xie, Y.M. Du, Bolikhamxay ecosystem and wildlife
approach to wildlife conservation. narson, G. Amato, M. Shirley L. Du, S. Li, Y.C. Du management project. M. Hede-
D. Lewis, M. Kabila, M. Moonga China Species Red List. Y. Xie, Y.M. mark, C. Hallam, A. Johnson, S.
Conservation through “Food-for- Du, L. Du, S. Li, Y.C. Du Vannalath, A. Rasphone, P. Sisavath
better-farming” initiative. D. Lewis, È>Ê Conservation of endangered wildlife used Friends of Wildlife Radio Pro-
N. Tembo, J. Phiri, A. Travis for traditional medicine. E. Li, L. Li gram. T. Hansel, S. Saypanya
Poacher/hunter-to-farmer transforma- AFGHANISTAN Four-country transboundary protected University Biodiversity Conserva-
tion program. D. Lewis, N. Tembo Wildlife surveys in the Pamirs. area initiative (Afghanistan, China, tion Curriculum Project (WCS &
Community expeditions in African A. Dehgan, B. Habib, Z. Pakistan & Tajikistan). G. Schaller, AMNH). K. Spence, A. John-
culture and wilderness—living Moheb, S. Naqibullah A. Kang, Y. Xie, P. Zahler son, S. Ounmany, M. Rao
ecotourism. D. Lewis, C. Ngoma Marco Polo sheep research proj- Conservation and recovery of Vientiane Capital City wildlife
Nyamaluma College community- ect. R. Harris, A. Dehgan the Chinese alligator. J. Thor- trade project. T. Hansel, D.
based training and land-use Four-country transboundary pro- bjarnarson, X. Wang Vannavong R. Stenhouse
planning/African College for tected area initiative (Afghanistan, Conservation of the Yangtze gi- Asian elephant conservation
CBNRM. D. Lewis, N. Tembo China, Pakistan & Tajikistan). A. ant softshell turtle in China. J. project on the Nakai Plateau. A.


Johnson, S. Hedges, S. Nouan- on the Eastern Steppe. A. Winters, S. Managing hunting leases for effec- 2005–2015. E. Sanderson, J.
syvong, B. Phommachanh Bolorsetseg, A. Fine, L. Ochirkhuyag tive wildlife/tiger conservation. Forrest, G. Bryja, A. Heydlauff,
Elds deer conservation project Collaborative wildlife protection V. Aramilev, D. Miquelle T. O’Brien, J. Ginsberg
(WCS and Smithsonian). S. program in the Nomrog Strictly Tiger Friendly Certification: developing
Ounmany, D. Cooper, C. Hallam, Protected Area. A. Lynam, K. economic incentives for conservation.
M. Hedemark, W. McShea Olson, O. Chimedtseren T. Lovdal, A. Breuer, D. Miquelle >̈˜Ê“iÀˆV>Ê>˜`Ê
Tiger Conservation Project – Nam
Et-Phou Louey. A. Johnson,
Avian influenza: surveillance of wild
migratory birds. M. Gilbert, A. Fine
Ecology of Siberian tigers and Amur
leopards in Southwest Primorye. J.
Venevongphet, T. Saithong- Goodrich, A. Kostryia, D. Miquelle
dam, S. Saypanya, T. Hansel MYANMAR Veterinary training in wildlife health and
developing a response team for carni- Sea and Sky: A strategy for con-
Western black-crested gibbon Management of the Hukaung
vore-human conflicts. C. Schoene, D. serving open ocean biodiversity
conservation project. R. Stenhouse, Valley Tiger Reserve of northern
Armstrong, J. Goodrich, D. Miquelle in the SW Atlantic. C. Cam-
M. Hedemark, S. Nouansyvong Myanmar. A. Rabinowitz, W. pagna, V. Falabella, P. Filippo
Wildlife and forest products manage- Duckworth, A. Lynam, R. Tizard, Transboundary planning and manage-
M. Maung, T. Myint, S. Htun ment of Chinese reserves for tiger Patagonia coastal zone conserva-
ment project. R. Stenhouse, S.
and leopard conservation. E. Li, D. tion strategies. G. Harris, P. Yorio,
Pan-Inhuane, M. Hedemark Irrawaddy dolphin conservation,
Miquelle, Y. Xie, A. Heydlauff Fundación Patagonia Natural
Biodiversity monitoring and enforce- Irrawaddy River. B.D. Smith. A.M.
Chit, M.T. Tun, H.Win, T. Moe Conservation and management of the Andean Patagonia Tehuelche Land-
ment project- Nakai-Nam Theun.
bears of Kamchatka. J. Paczkowski, scapes: San Guillermo, Payunia/
A. Johnson, J. Johnston, A. Lynam Northern Forest Complex (NFC)
I. Seryodkin, D. Miquelle Auca Mahuida, Tromen. A. Novaro,
University student research landscape project. A. Rabinowitz, W. S. Walker, R. Baldi, M. Funes
projects. A. Johnson, S. Oun- Duckworth, M. Maung, K.M. Hla, T. Blakiston’s fish owl research
and conservation. J. Slaght, Magellanic penguin ecology and conser-
many, C. Hallam, D. Cooper, M. Myint, S. Htun, T. Zaw, M.M. Oo
S. Surmach, D. Miquelle vation at Punta Tombo. P. D. Boersma
Duangdala, F. Van der Helm Elephant conservation in Hukaung
Seabird ecology and conservation in
Conservation Planning for the Valley Tiger Reserve. S. Hedges, T.
TAJIKISTAN Patagonia. P. Yorio, F. Quintana,
Nam Kading Protected Area in Myint, K.K. Khan, Z. M. Win E. Frere, P. Gandini, A. Schiavini
the Bolikhamxai Province. A. Turtle conservation. W. K. Ko, Four-country transboundary pro-
Johnson, G. Bryja, A. Rasphone, tected area initiative (Afghanistan, Patagonia Coast, Jason Islands
K. M. Myo, K. Moe, T. Lwin, research and conservation -
E. Delattre, S. Strindberg Y. Myint, W. Holmstrom China, Pakistan & Tajikistan). A.
Dehgan, G. Schaller, P. Zahler Falklands/Malvinas. G. Harris
MALAYSIA PAKISTAN Ecology and conservation of
Advising on Wildlife Master Plan THAILAND the Huemul deer. A. Vila
Conservation education and
implementation. M. Gumal, biodiversity preservation in the Conserving Indochinese tigers Tapir ecology and conserva-
C. Chin, M. Meredith Diamer and Gilgit Districts of in Western Forest Complex of tion. S. Chalukian
Conservation of wildlife in production northern Pakistan. M. Khan Tenasserim Range in Thailand. A. Natural history and wildlife
forest in Ulu Baram. C. Chin, M. Pattanavibool, M. Umponjan, U. conservation. W. Conway
Four-country transboundary pro- Karanth, Dept. of National Parks,
Meredith, J. Mathai, N. Jalaweh tected area initiative (Afghanistan, Andean condor research and
Wildlife, and Plant Conservation
Monitoring and conserving primates China, Pakistan & Tajikistan). M. conservation. L. Jacome
in Maludam National Park. J. Hon Conserving Asian elephant population
Khan, G. Schaller, P. Zahler Burrowing parrot research and con-
and solving human and elephant
Surveys of and setting pri- conflicts in Kaeng Krachan National servation. J. Masello, P. Quillfeldt
orities for orangutans in Sara- PAPUA NEW GUINEA Park. P. Manopawitr, P. Pattanakaew, Areas important for the conservation
wak. J. Rubis, M. Gumal PNG biologist training for field tech- N. Khewwan, T. Chaloendong, S. of biodiversity in the Patagonian
Expanding wildlife conservation niques, project design, data analysis, Hedges, Dept. of National Parks, Steppe and Monte of Argentina. K.
training modules in Malaysia. M. and report writing. A. Mack, D. Wildlife, and Plant Conservation Didier, S. Walker, C. Chehebar
Meredith, M. Gumal, C. Chin Wright, F. Clarke, P. Igag, M. Supuma Conservation of the agile gibbon and
Conservation education: Teachers Conservation education for PNG siamang in the Halabala Forest BELIZE
for Tigers. M. Gumal, C. Chin primary and secondary schools. L. Complex, southern Thailand. A. Pat- Wildlife research and protected
Bats and birds in Loagan Bunut National Dori, S. Tui, D. Wright, R. Sinclair tanavibool, Dept. of National Parks, areas planning in tropical for-
Park. J. Hon, D. Kong, M. Gumal Hunting in the Crater Moun- Wildlife, and Plant Conservaton ests. B. Miller, C. Miller
Taman Negara elephant conservation. tain Wildlife Management Area Hornbill density and abundance at Neotropical bat conservation. B. Miller
J. Sompud, S. Hedges, M. Gumal (Crater WMA). A. Mack, M. Key Sites in Thailand. A. Pat- Monitoring jaguars in the Cockscomb
Kigl, J. Novera, K. Yhuange tanavibool, S. Strindberg Basin Wildlife Sanctuary. B. Harmsen
MONGOLIA Cave-dwelling flying foxes in the
The Eastern Steppe living land- Crater WMA. K. Tau, D. Wright VIETNAM BOLIVIA
scape: Sustaining wildlife and Ecology of long-beaked echidnas in the Hunting and wildlife trade re- Greater Madidi Landscape Con-
traditional livelihoods in the arid Crater WMA. M. Opiang, D. Wright search. S. Roberton servation Program. R. Wallace,
grasslands of Mongolia. A. Fine Conservation of New Guinea L. Painter, K. Lara, A. Llobet, R.
Assessment of wildlife trade in Mon- raptors. L. Legra, A. Mack
REGIONAL Nallar, L. Rosas, E. Salinas, T. Siles
golia. N. Odonchimeg, A. Fine Asian Elephant conserva- Jaguar monitoring in Madidi.
Pitohoui toxicity adaptations.
tion program. S. Hedges R. Wallace, G. Ayala
Mongolian saiga antelope conser- J. Dumbacher, D. Levi-
vation. J. Berger, K. Berger tis, S. Tomba, A. Mack CITES Monitoring the Illegal Implementation of internal natural re-
Killing of Elephants (MIKE). source regulations by Tacana commu-
Research on Mongolian ga- Nest boxes to mitigate tree cav- S. Hedges, A. Lynam nities. K. Lara, R. Wallace, and CIPTA
zelles in the Eastern Steppe. ity reduction effects. D. Warakai,
K. Olson, S. Bolortsetseg A. Mack, D. Wright Protected Area staff training and Behavioral Ecology of the Bolivian
capacity building. A. Lynam Endemic Titi Monkey. J. Martinez
Foot and mouth disease in the
Mongolian gazelle. K. Olson, RUSSIA Regional landscape ecology and GIS Integral Ecosystem Health Program.
S. Bolortsetseg, A. Fine Siberian tiger project. J. Goodrich, N. capacity building. E. Delattre Field Vet Program. R. Nallar
Marmot population assessment— Reebin, V. Melnikov, E. Gishko, D. Network of Conservation Educators Conservation and protected area
identifying conservation strate- Miquelle, E. Smirnov, A. Astafiev and Practitioners (NCEP). M. Rao management in eastern Santa
gies and management options. S. Monitoring program for the Amur Tigers Forever. A. Rabinow- Cruz. M. Painter, A. Noss, O.
Townsend, P. Zahler, S. Strindberg, tiger. D. Miquelle, U. Dunish- itz, C. Poole, A. Heydlauff, P. Castillo, D. Rumiz, E. Cuellar, L.
A. Fine, O. Chimedtseren enko, D. Pikunov, V. Aramilev, P. Clyne, P. Zahler, L. Hunter Maffei, R.L. Cuéllar, R. Arispe
Landscape species selection for the Fomenko, G. Salkina, I. Niko- Range-wide priority-setting for Jaguar monitoring in eastern
Eastern Steppe region of Mongo- laev, V. Litvinov, I. Seryodkin four Asian bears. K. Minkowski, Santa Cruz. A. Noss, L. Maf-
lia. L. Ochirkhuyag, A. Fine, B. Resolving human-tiger conflicts in the E. Sanderson, K. Didier fei, D. Rumiz, R. Arispe
Geary, K. Didier, S. Strindberg Russian Far East. J. Goodrich, S. Range-wide priority-setting for Conservation of the Gran Chaco Region-
Conservation Landscape Map- Zubtsov, N. Reebin, D. Miquelle Asian Elephants. S. Hedges, P. al Public Goods. O. Castillo, A. Noss
ping. L. Ochirkhuyag, A. Fine, B. Using camera traps to monitor the Clyne, E. Sanderson, T. Bean Conservation and forestry develop-
Geary, K. Didier, S. Strindberg Far Eastern leopard. A. Kostyria, V. Setting priorities for the conserva- ment in the Chiquitano dry forest
Community-based wildlife conservation Aramilev, A. Reebin, D. Miquelle tion and recovery of wild tigers: ecoregion. D. Rumiz, R. Arispe


Guanaco conservation in the Chaco Improving ranching efficiency to protect central Andes of Colombia. C. GUATEMALA
of Bolivia and Paraguay. E. Cuéllar the biodiversity in the Brazilian Pan- Valderrama, G. Bryja, G. Kattan
tanal. A. Keuroghlian and F. Marques Community-based conservation
Kaa-Iya initiative. O. Castillo, A. Noss, and biodiversity monitoring in
Z. Barahona, L. Maffei, R. Montaño Implementation of management COSTA RICA the Maya Forest. R. McNab, A.
programs for the black caiman in the Ecology of white-lipped pec- Rodríguez, R. García, V.H. Ramos
Ecology of the maned wolf. L. Emmons
Brazilian Amazon. J. Thorbjarnarson caries and jaguars in Corcovado
Rancher outreach program. R. Arispe Scarlet macaw ecology and con-
Birds of Brazil. M. Argel National Park. E. Carrillo servation. R. McNab
Conservation of flamingos and
Consolidation of the National Institutional strengthening of Asociación
wetlands in the Altiplano of CHILE Protected Areas System. M. Boza Balam. R. McNab, B. Castellanos
Bolivia. O. Rocha (BIOTA) Conservation and research pro-
Biodiversity research and conservation gram for Tierra del Fuego. B. CUBA
in the Greater Madidi Landscape. Saavedra, R. Medina, R. Muza
Reptile research and conservation in Conservation of the Darien. A. Carr III,
R. Wallace, L. Painter, H. Gomez Conservation and research program for coastal habitats. J. Thorbjarnarson, R. R. Samudio, J. Carrion de Samudio
Bernardo O’Higgins National Park. Rodríguez Soberón, M. Alonzo Tabeth
BRAZIL B. Saavedra, A. Vila, P. Etchegaray
Conservation of Cienaga de Zapata. PERU
Mamirauá and Amanã Sustain-
COLOMBIA J. Thorbjarnarson, A. Chicchón Wildlife conservation in the
able Development Reserves—
management and conservation. Conservation of the Cuban crocodile Peruvian Amazon of Loreto.
Ecology and conservation of biological
H. Queiroz, A.R. Alves in the Zapata and Lanier Swamps, R. Bodmer, P. Puertas
diversity in the central Andes of
Colombia. C. Murcia, G. Kattan Cuba. J. Thorbjarnarson Technical support to Tambo-
Sustainable finance in Ma-
Population ecology and manage- pata protected areas complex
mirauá. R. Victurine Conservation leadership and train-
ment of the American crocodile authorities. R. Wallace
Piagaçu-Purus Sustainable Develop- ing program and Ucamari Center
for Excellence. C. Murcia, G. in Cuba. J. Thorbjarnarson
ment Reserve. C. Pereira de Deus VENEZUELA
Kattan, Fundación EcoAndina
Ecology and conservation of ECUADOR Conservation of the Caura River
the endangered pied tamarin. Design of a protected area system for
the area of Riseralda / Technical Assis- Biodiversity research and conserva- Watershed. J. Ochoa, M. Bevilacqua
E. Venticinque, F. Rohe Fish ecology, use, and conservation
tance-National Parks Unit. C. Murcia, tion in the Yasuni-Napo Landscape.
Amazon regional conserva- G. Kattan, Fundación EcoAndina E. Suarez, G. Zapata, V. Utreras in the Caura Watershed. F. Daza
tion. E. Venticinque Jaguar conservation and jaguar-livestock Conservation of the Para-
The impact of hunting on mam-
Jaguar ecology and conservation conflict in the Llanos. E. Payan mal and bird density in the guana Region. J. Ochoa
in the Pantanal. S. Cavalcanti Regional planning for spec- Yasuni-Napo Landscape, Ecuador. Ecology and habitat use of spec-
Rancher Outreach Program. R. Boulhosa tacled bear conservation in the E. Suarez, S. Strindberg et al. tacled bears. I. Goldstein

Bárbara Saavedra, Director of WCS-Chile, plays the critical
roles of scientist, manager, and spokesperson for WCS
in one of the world’s most exciting conservation frontiers.
Bárbara has been instrumental in the establishment of
Karukinka, the 741,000-hectare wilderness on the island of
Tierra del Fuego at the southern tip of South America. Cov-
ered with beech forests, peat bogs, wetlands, and alpine
meadows, the land parcel was a gift to WCS in 2004 from
Goldman Sachs.

Born and raised in Chile, Bárbara received her PhD at the

University of Chile and specializes in ecology and conser-
vation. Meeting with government institutions while keeping
WCS field activities running smoothly requires Bárbara to
split her time between the WCS offices in Santiago, the
capital, and Punta Arenas, the WCS base of field opera-
tions for Karukinka and Bernardo O’Higgins National Park.

Bárbara’s studies of paleoecology and zooarchaeology are spurring the development of these disciplines among
her peers. Deeply concerned about the effect of forest loss on the genetics, morphology, and reproduction of natu-
ral wildlife populations, she is part of a team of scientists examining the human impact on rodents and other small
mammals in Chile. In addition to her work for WCS, Bárbara has served as Secretary of the Ecological Society of
Chile for the past five years.


œ>ÃÌ>Ê7…>iÃÊ>˜`Ê œ«…ˆ˜Ãʈ˜ÊÈ>
Associate Conservation Zoologist Brian D. Smith has directed WCS-Marine’s Asian Freshwater and Coastal
Cetacean Program since 2002. He concentrates on conserving species diversity and protecting critically endan-
gered populations of river and coastal dolphins at sites across southern and Southeast Asia. Until recently, few
resources had been devoted to conserving these top predators, but work in this region is vital, as Asia has the
greatest number of threatened cetacean species.

In Myanmar, Brian collaborates with local fishermen who work cooperatively with the Ayeyarwady River’s criti-
cally endangered Irrawaddy dolphins. These dolphins herd fish into fishermen’s castnets and feed on the fish that
escape from the nets—a practice that benefits both the people and the dolphins. Irrawaddy dolphins have been
threatened for many years by gold mining operations along the river and by gillnet and electric fishing, which can
accidentally kill dolphins as well as deplete their prey. Through the work of WCS and the conservation commit-
ment of the Government of Myanmar and communities along the Ayeyarwady, gold mining has been banned. A
new protected area was declared in 2006 to preserve the dolphins and the cooperative fishery.

In Bangladesh, Brian and his team discovered a globally significant center of cetacean diversity in the Sundar-
bans Delta. This prime habitat encompasses the world’s largest contiguous mangrove forest, stretching from
Sundarbans National Park to a 3,500-foot-deep, undersea canyon known as the Swatch-of-No-Ground. The
area teems with Indo-Pacific bottlenose, Ganges River, pantropical spotted, spinner, and Irrawaddy dolphins.
There are also finless porpoises and possibly Bryde’s and fin whales. Brian and his partners are working to link
the conservation of this outstanding region and the wildlife it supports to sustainable economic activities, such as
dolphin-watching tours.


REGIONAL Promoting effectiveness of MPA man- Field guides: Comprehensive guide Coral Reef Policy
agement in Indonesia. S. Campbell to marine mammals of Madagas-
Amazonian conservation. M. Painter, car and the southwestern Indian The effectiveness of community-based
F. Marques, E. Venticinque Rebuilding effective marine Man- organizations in managing coastal
agement at Karimunjawa Na- Ocean and a comprehensive guide
Monitoring and Evaluation Train- to marine mammals of the Gulf resources: case study in the western
tional Park. S. Campbell Indian Ocean. T. McClanahan.
ing for the Amazon-Andes of Guinea. H. Rosenbaum, S.
Conservation. D. Wilkie, S. Cerchio, T. Collins (Madagascar) Enhancing community capac-
Strindberg, K. Didier. G. Bryja
Kavieng Seascape, ity for marine conservation
Papua New Guinea Research and conservation of Atlantic
Flamingo ecology and conserva- humpback dolphins off the western in Kenya. N. Muthiga
tion. F. Arengo, P. Marconi, P. Conservation of coastal marine ecosys- coast of Africa. H. Rosenbaum,
Gandini, O. Rocha, Grupo para tems in Papua New Guinea. H. Perks T. Collins (Gulf of Guinea)
la Conservacion de Flamencos Coral harvesting for betel-nut lime pro- œÀ̅Ê“iÀˆV>
Conservation science train- duction, Papua New Guinea. H. Perks Sea Turtles
ing. P. Feinsinger Ecology and migration of Bocas
Conservation of the Mesoamerican Antongil Bay, Madagascar del Toro sea turtles. A. Mey- Conservation planning in On-
Biological Corridor. A. Carr III Conservation and sustainable resource lan, P. Meylan (Panama) tario’s Northern Boreal For-
use in the Antongil Landscape est. J. Ray, J. McDermid
Jaguar conservation program The Gabon sea turtle partnership for
small grants. K. Conforti. of Madagascar. H. Randriama- leatherback research and conservation, Impact of development on freshwater
hazo, B. Randriamanantsoa 2007–2008. A. Formia (Gabon) fish in Ontario/Manitoba Northern
Paseo del Jaguar: Jaguar Corridor Boreal Forest. J. McDermid
Project. A. Rabinowitz, L. Hunter, Conservation of the hawksbill rookery in
A Park of Sea & the Pearl Cays, Nicaragua. C. Lagueux, Genetic structure of lake sturgeon
J. Polisar, K. Marieb, R. Salom, L.
Maffei, N. Williams, Archie Carr III Sky, Argentina C. Campbell, W. McCoy (Nicaragua) populations. J. McDermid
Developing an open ocean conserva- Conservation of marine turtles on the Wolverine and caribou research,
tion area for the protection of marine Caribbean coast of Nicaragua. C. conservation, and recovery in
>Àˆ˜iÊ mammals and seabirds: A park of sea Lagueux, C. Campbell (Nicaragua) northern Ontario. J. Ray
and sky. C. Campagna, V. Falabella Building capacity to use GIS as a tool
SEASCAPE Sharks for land-use planning among Ontario’s
CONSERVATION OCEAN GIANTS Conservation of top predators, Northern First Nations. G. Woolmer

Gloverʼs Reef Atoll, Belize Marine Mammals including sharks and large fish Human footprint analysis in the
An integrated approach to humpback in Belize. R. Graham (Belize) northern Appalachians. G. Woolmer
Belize coral reef monitoring and whale and marine mammal research Trans-boundary conservation
evaluation. T. McClanahan Honduras whale sharks. R.
and conservation: photographic Graham (Honduras) planning in the northern Appala-
Building a constituency for ma- identification, conservation genetics, chians. J. Ray and G. Woolmer
rine conservation in Belize. Madagascar and East Africa whale sharks.
acoustics, GIS analysis, satellite R. Graham (western Indian Ocean) Northeastern mesocarni-
J. Gibson, R. Graham telemetry, and ecotourism. H. vore initiative. J. Ray
Conservation of spawning aggrega- Rosenbaum, P. Ersts, Y. Razafindra- Madagascar shark conservation. B.
Randriamanantsoa (Madagascar) Big animals and small parks: implica-
tions on the Mesoamerican Reef. koto, S. Nguessono, C. Pomilla, S.
tions of wildlife distribution and
J. Gibson, S. Hoare, E. Sala Cerchio, M. Leslie (Madagascar) Use of seamount habitat by economically
movements for expansion of Nahanni
Coral reef ecology in the Ca- Arctic bowhead whales. H. important whale sharks and manta
National Park Reserve. J. Weaver
ribbean. B. Steneck Rosenbaum (Arctic) rays in the Flower Garden Banks
National Marine Sanctuary. R. Ecological connectivity for the
Glover’s Reef Living Seascape: safeguard- Assessing the impacts of artisanal gillnet Graham (United States of America) transboundary Lower Nahanni herd
ing marine resources and rural liveli- fisheries on small cetaceans in the of woodland caribou. J. Weaver
hoods in Belize. J. Gibson, S. Hoare southwestern region of Madagascar. Y.
Razafindrakoto, N. Andrianarivelo, S.
Sturgeon Carnivores in the southern Canadian
Glover’s Reef Marine Research Station A workshop to develop and imple- Rocky Mountains: core areas and con-
(GRMRS) – A resource for greater Cerchio, H. Rosenbaum (Madagascar)
ment research, education, and nectivity across the Crowsnest High-
understanding of the Mesoameri- Assessing the marine mammal way. J. Weaver, P. Paquet, and C. Apps
management plans for the
can Barrier Reef. A. Carr III, J. diversity of northern Angola. H. Conservation of lynx and snowshoe
conservation of Kaluga and Amur
Gibson, S. Zelaya, D. Wesby, S. Rosenbaum, T. Collins (Angola) hares in logged landscapes of boreal
sturgeon. D. Erickson (Russia)
Hoare, A. Cros, B. Wainwright Building capacity to develop and manage British Columbia. D. Reid
Marine migration and estuary use
Osprey management in Belize: Myanmar’s protected areas. B. Smith Effects of a changing climate on the
of green sturgeon. D. Erickson
gardening an uncommon, possibly Cetaceans of Bangladesh: conserv- (United States of America) Arctic tundra food web. D. Reid
threatened breeding bird to learn its ing a regional hotspot of species
local ecology. P. Spitzer, N. Clum Research for the recovery of Atlantic Pursuing biodiversity conservation
diversity and abundance with opportunities in The Peel water-
sturgeon in the Hudson and
Promoting sustainable fisheries through local communities and institu- shed strategic land-use planning
Altamaha rivers. D. Erickson
demonstration of Glover’s Reef tions. B. Smith (Bangladesh) process, northern Yukon. D. Reid
(United States of America)
Marine Reserve. J. Gibson, C. Acosta Cetacean conservation and research in Mapping thinhorn sheep winter
the Gulf of Guinea. H. Rosenbaum, GLOBAL MARINE habitat suitability in northern
Vatu-i-Ra Seascape, Fiji T. Collins (Gulf of Guinea) British Columbia. D. Reid
A technical advisory workshop to sup- Conservation genetics of hump-
port Fiji’s Vatu-i-Ra World Heritage back dolphins (Sousa spp.). CORAL REEF RESEARCH UNITED STATES OF
Seascape. K. Walls, E. Rupeni H. Rosenbaum (Global) Marine Conservation AMERICA
Conservation of the Vatu-i-Ra Seascape Cetacean surveys for sound man- WCS Global Marine Conserva-
using ecosystem-based manage- agement in the Daymaniyat tion Strategic Planning Initia-
Tri-state New York
ment. K. Walls, E. Rupeni Islands, Sultanate of Oman tive. C. Recchia, L. Lauck Metropolitan Region
Invasive fire ants awareness for customs Marine Protected Area Sustainable Mapping the marine human Working with local planners to integrate
and quarantine personnel of Pacific Development Project. T. Collins footprint. E. Sanderson, C. Rec- biodiversity conservation in Con-
Island nations. K. Walls, E. Rupeni Determining conservation units and chia, L. Lauck, C. D’Agrosa. necticut and New York (Croton-
Saving Samoa’s eritically endan- species/population relationships to-Highlands, Wallkill Valley, and
among cetaceans throughout their Reef Ecosystems & Farmington Valley). M. Klemens,
gered ma’oma’o and manu-
range. H. Rosenbaum (Global) H. Gruner, N. Miller, J. Schmitz
mea. K. Walls, E. Rupeni Climate Change
Developing sustainable conservation- Eastern Westchester Biotic Cor-
Strengthening partnerships for Fiji Coral reefs and climate change. A. Baker
oriented whalewatching. H. ridor. M. Klemens
seascapes ecosystems-based manage- Conservation research on coral
ment. K. Walls, E. Rupeni Rosenbaum, Y. Razafindraktoto, S. Public-private land stewardship in
Nguessono, V. Rasoamampianina, reefs. T. McClanahan Rockefeller State Park Preserve
Karimunjawa Ma- S. Cerchio, T. Collins (Global) Effects of bleaching on coral and and private lands. M. Klemens,
Establishment of a protected area fish communities in the western N. Miller, K. Ryan, J. Vellozzi
rine National Park & Indian Ocean. T. McClanahan
for Irrawaddy dolphins and a Assessing needs and opportunities for
Aceh, Indonesia human-dolphin cooperative Global Coral Reef Conservation biodiversity conservation through
Coral reef monitoring and technical sup- fishery in the Ayeyarwady River of Program. A. Baker, S. Campbell, T. local land-use planning in New Jersey.
port in Aceh, Indonesia. S. Campbell Myanmar. B. Smith (Myanmar) McClanahan, K. Walls, H. Perks M. Klemens, N. Miller, J. Schmitz


Counteracting the effects of sprawl Developing a waterfront revitalization Arctic Coastal Plain Impacts of motorized recreation on
through “Smart Growth” local strategy for the towns of Clifton and wildlife. R. Inman, C. Groves
land-use planning. M. Klemens Fine. Z. Smith, L. Karasin, R. Curran Tundra nesting birds, predators, and de-
velopment on the Arctic Coastal Plain. Wildlife and energy develop-
Conservation of amphibians and reptiles Ecological and social implications of low- ment in the Rocky Mountains. J.
in the tri-state NY Metro Region. S. Zack, J. Liebezeit, and partners
density, exurban development in the Berger, K. Berger, J. Beckmann
M. Klemens, H. Gruner, K. Ryan Adirondacks. M. Glennon, H. Kretser Exploration of Biologically Special
Areas in the National Petroleum Highway impact on wildlife on the Flat-
The Champlain Hills of the
Adirondacks Adirondacks: Understanding the Reserve. S. Zack, J. Liebezeit head reservation. W. Maillet, J. Hilty
Acid rain in the Adirondacks: An biodiversity of the region. J. Jenkins
environmental history. J. Jenkins, Western Mountains New Mexico
K. Roy, C. Driscoll, C. Buerkett. Great Lakes Wolverine ecology and conservation. New Mexico black bear con-
Boreal birds and their habitats in the Lake Superior wolf conserva- R. Inman, K. Inman, and partners servation. C. Costello
Adirondacks. J. Jenkins, M. Glennon tion. A. Treves, L. Naughton Cougar Ecology and cougar/wolf/
Bicknell’s thrush on Whiteface Moun- bear conservation. T. Ruth, Regional
tain Ski Area. M. Glennon, L. Karasin Pacific West P. Buotte, and partners
Mannahatta Project. E. Sanderson,
Adirondack Communities and Wildlife, fire, and forest management. Carnivore connectivity in the Centen- T. Bean, A. Huron, J. Fein-
Conservation Program. Z. S. Zack, K. Farris, and partners nial Mountains. J. Beckman
berg, M. Boyer, V. Navab
Smith, L. Karasin, H. Kretser Effect of sudden oak death syndrome Pronghorn migration conserva-
on wildlife in the Pacific West. tion. J. Berger, K. Berger The ecological future of the North
Adirondack Living Landscapes
K. Fischer, L. Hadj-Chikh American bison. K. Redford, B.
Program. M. Glennon, K. Didier Conservation in native communi-
Ecology and conservation of the Pacific Weber, E. Sanderson, K. Minkowski,
Adirondack Loon Conserva- ties. J. Hilty, S. Grassel
fisher on the Hoopa Valley Reserva- J. Hilty, E. Fearn, T. Bean, J. Berger
tion Program. N. Schoch, Setting priorities for wildlife con-
A. Sauer, M. Glennon tion. S. Matthews and partners servation. C. Groves, B. Brock. An evaluation of changing sea ice condi-
Black Bear Education, Awareness and Woodpeckers and snag dynamics. A. Toivola, and partners tions and its effects upon the world’s
Research Program (BBEAR). Z. S. Zack, K. Farris, and partners Corridor Conservation Ini- largest terrestrial carnivore: working
Smith, M. Glennon, L. Karasin Riparian restoration, beavers, and song- tiative. R. Ament with federal polar bear scientists on the
Conservation easements: management birds. S. Zack, H. Cooke, and partners proposal to list polar bears. S. Bergen
Ecology and Conservation of
questions on maximizing ecologi- Conservation of salmon-driven Sagebrush Steppe Wildlife, Development of the large carnivore
cal value. J. Jenkins, M. Glennon ecosystems. S. Zack C. Groves and C. Jenkins guild model. A. Rabinowitz

Gillian Woolmer has been bringing the power of computer mapping
to WCS conservation programs since July 2000. Since then, Gillian
has helped train more than 100 WCS field staff to use Geographic
Information Systems (GIS) and satellite imagery. In addition, she was
a member of the team that mapped the Human Footprint and the
Last of the Wild in 2002.

In 2004, Gillian moved to Toronto to help launch WCS-Canada.

As Assistant Director, she divides her time between financial man-
agement, GIS training of First Nations, and conservation planning.
Gillian collaborates with a group of conservation NGOs, land trusts,
and foundations under the umbrella Two Countries, One Forest
(2C1Forest) to create a conservation vision for the Northern Appa-
lachian Ecoregion, a transboundary area extending from New York
to Nova Scotia. To develop a visual understanding of the human
landscape there, Gillian has adapted the Human Footprint mapping
methodology to the ecoregion. This map helps local conservationists
identify priority areas for protection and is a blueprint for conserva-
tion action.

Comfortable with web-based technology, Gillian is leading a project

to ensure the maps resulting from 2C1Forest, will be part of an interactive online atlas. This effort will put these
maps and data directly into the hands of local people, conservationists, community groups, and government plan-
ners so that the most important areas remain connected and protected.


New York /
Washington, D.C.
Design and development of the
landscape species approach to site
based conservation. K. Didier, S.
Strindberg, A. Vedder, D. Wilkie,
E. Sanderson, J. Forrest, G. Bryja
Casting for conservation actors:
People, Partnerships and Wild-
life. A. Vedder, D. Wilkie
People and Parks: Assessing the hu-
man welfare impacts of establishing
protected areas for biodiversity
conservation. D. Wilkie
Monitoring of large wildlife directly
through high spatial resolution remote
sensing: experimental and in situ
approaches. S. Bergen, E. Sanderson
Decision support for the Convention
on Biological Diversity 2010 Goal:
Guidance on the application of remote
sensing techniques for measuring the
rate of biodiversity loss. K. Didier,
J. Forrest, S. Bergen, E. Sanderson
Applications of the Human Footprint to
global conservation policy. E. Sand-
erson, L. Kruger, J. Forrest, T. Bean
Species Conservation Planning Task
Force, IUCN/Species Survival Com-
mission. E. Sanderson, J. Robinson
Considering Human Rights in
Conservation. K Svadlenak-
Gomez, D. Wilkie, C. Ingram
Practical introduction to payments
for ecosystem services. Forest
trends, D.Wilkie, C. Ingram Ê iÜÊ
œ˜ÃiÀÛ>̈œ˜Ê À>ʈ˜ÊÀ>˜
Software tool for learning about pay-
ments for ecosystem services. Forest
trends, D. Wilkie, C. Ingram In 2000, WCS Vice President for Science and Exploration George Schaller
Direct payments for wildlife
conservation: a survey of ap- visited Iran to assess the wildlife situation. During the years of the Iranian Revolu-
proaches within WCS. K Svadlenak-
Gomez, D. Wilkie, C. Ingram tion, rampant poaching of both cheetahs and their prey, compounded by habitat
Natural Products Marketing 101 for degradation from livestock grazing, pushed the Asiatic cheetah to near extinction.
enterprises in a conservation setting.
A. Koontz, D. Wilkie, C. Ingram Probably only 60 to 100 of the cats remain in this last known Asiatic cheetah
Zoological Society of London
collaboration. M. Hatchwell population.
Kaplan Awards Program for cat con-
servation. L. Hunter, N. Williams
Conservation Leadership Pro- Since Schaller’s initial efforts, WCS has engaged with Iran’s Department of En-
gramme. W. Banham, L. Duda
Graduate Fellowship Program (Beinecke
vironment (DoE) to gain U.S. approval to visit cheetah habitats, hold workshops,
African Scholarships, Christensen
Conservation Leaders Scholarships,
and raise funds. This year, an international team of scientists led by Luke Hunter,
Robertson Big Cat Conservation Director of WCS-Great Cats, captured and fitted two Asiatic cheetahs with GPS
Fellowships, Starr Tiger Conservation
Fellowships). M.L. Penn, T. Parkinson (Global Positioning System) collars provided by the Zoological Society of London,
NGO Institutional Development
Program. W. Banham, L. Duda a project partner. The two cheetahs were caught in the Bafgh Protected Area,
MBAs for Conservation Pro-
gram. W. Banham, L. Duda
which is also home to leopards, wolves, and striped hyenas—an ideal site for
Research Fellowship Program. studying the large carnivore community.
M.L. Penn, K. Mastro
Strategic Planning and Review
Coordination (SPARC). J. Ginsberg, Iranians are not prepared to say goodbye to this species and are justifiably proud
A. Vedder, co-chairs, R. Calamo,
P. Clyne, J. Deutsch, E. Fearn, C. that theirs is the only country in which the Asiatic cheetah survives. Very little is
Groves, M. Hatchwell, K. Mastro,
M. Painter, J. Palmer, C. Recchia known about the ecological needs of cheetahs in Iran, but collaring these animals
Species Strategy. M. Kinnaird,
J. Fraser, K. Redford will provide important data for implementing conservation measures to ensure
Global Conservation Program Strategic a long-term future for this critically imperiled species. This is a groundbreaking
Planning Team. C. Groves, chair-
person, S. Atkinson, A. Chicchón, project on both an ecological and a political front: It is the first time a cheetah has
T. Clements, H. Crowley, L. Lauck,
M. Kinnaird, M. Masozera, S. been radio-collared in Asia and the first radio-tracking study in Iran. It also ushers
Osofsky, L. Painter, C. Recchia, S.
Tressler, R. Victurine, B. Weber in a new era for conservation in Iran.



Conservation is critical to the well-being of both humans and efforts of WCS-Guatemala Director Roan McNab to improve
wildlife. The Public Affairs division helps make vital conser- nesting opportunities for scarlet macaws. To date, “Saving
vation issues—such as climate change, avian influenza, and Planet Earth” has raised more than $2.5 million to help endan-
biodiversity—relevant to people in their day-to-day decision- gered wildlife.
making and involves WCS’s various audiences in its mission to On PBS, “Journey to Planet Earth: Saving the Planet’s
save wildlife and wild lands. WCS’s public gateways range from Ocean Animals,” hosted by Matt Damon, featured an inter-
worldwide attention of its groundbreaking partnership with view with WCS Hunting and Wildlife Trade Director Eliza-
the autonomous Government of Southern Sudan, to a profile beth Bennett, and in “America’s Wild National Parks,” then
of President and CEO Steve Sanderson and an overview of the Senior Vice President of Living Institutions Richard Lattis dis-
Gateways to Conservation campaign in the Wall Street Journal, cussed the importance of bison to the American West. Joel and
to a Newsweek cover story on the killing of mountain gorillas in Kim Berger’s studies of the pronghorn migration were high-
DRC’s Virunga National Park, to local media coverage of the lighted in a Travel Channel special, “Yellowstone: America’s
new Urban Assembly School for Wildlife Conservation in the National Park.” Laurence Frank’s fieldwork with the lions of
Bronx. Laikipia in Kenya was featured in a History Channel show that
looked at human/animal conflict in Africa.
i`ˆ>Ê"ÕÌÀi>V… In its September/October 2006 issue, Wildlife Conservation
It was a particularly strong year for WCS public relations. By magazine featured an article about WCS’s historical efforts to
far, the most extensive media coverage of the year was garnered save the American bison and its current role in the ecological
by the WCS discovery of a massive wildlife migration in South- restoration of the species and its native prairie habitat. The issue
ern Sudan. Public Affairs and Global Conservation orchestrat- coincided with the WCS announcement that it was reactivat-
ed an integrated campaign to announce the scientific findings, ing the American Bison Society. In May 2007, WCS gathered
which resulted in equally broad coverage of the relationship representatives of interested stakeholders in New Mexico to
with the new Government of Southern Sudan in international seek agreement on a common vision for restoring the bison and
and national news markets, a front-page article in The New York its ecosystem.
Times, and a feature on the PBS series “The NewsHour with A new media darling swam into the spotlight this year: José
Jim Lehrer.” A combined New York City and Washington, the beaver. Two WCS staff members discovered him living in
D.C. media blitz showcased stunning images of the world’s the Bronx River on Bronx Zoo grounds. This marked the first
largest wildlife migration, which has survived decades of civil confirmed occurrence of a beaver within New York City limits
war and atrocities. An event at National Geographic headquar- since colonial times. It also served as testimony to the improved
ters and a privately hosted WCS dinner brought together key state of the river, thanks in large part to cleanup funding se-
Administration and Congressional officials and opinion leaders cured by the beaver’s namesake: Bronx Congressman José E.
from Sudan. Taking notice of this message of hope for a region Serrano. The story was covered by news media throughout the
in crisis, the U.S. Government is providing new funding to world and highlighted by a “Talk of the Town” piece in The
support WCS’s ongoing scientific work in Southern Sudan. New Yorker magazine.
Meanwhile, Congressional officials expressed interest in bol-
stering U.S. government commitments to conservation strate- œÛiÀ˜“i˜ÌÊ>˜`Ê
gies that would fortify the National Park System in Southern WCS receives significant support for its global field programs
Sudan as a platform upon which to develop a Sudano-Sahel through the U.S. Agency for International Development
regional conservation program. (USAID) Biodiversity Program, as an implementing partner
The BBC’s “Saving Planet Earth”—a television and Web of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP), the Amazon
companion series to the epic, 13-part TV special “Planet Basin Initiative, and other key conservation projects. The Ad-
Earth”—featured WCS-India field conservationist Ullas ministration’s FY’08 Budget recommended $114 million for
Karanth and the Tigers Forever program. It also highlighted the the USAID Biodiversity Program—about a 40 percent cut


Above: New York City Council Speaker Christine C. United States and globally. WCS succeeded in having the Mul-
Quinn and Deputy Mayor for Government Affairs tinational Species Conservation Fund, which is administered
Kevin Sheekey at the grand opening of the sea lion by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, included as an eligible
pool and Astor Court at the Bronx Zoo. federal program in the House-passed energy bill as well as in
the Senate climate change bill introduced by Jeff Bingaman
from the previous year. Restoring these funds was a top priority (D-NM). If enacted, this legislation could deliver as much as
for WCS. WCS President Steve Sanderson, the co-chairs of the $100 million in new federal funds to rhinos, tigers, elephants,
Congressional International Conservation Caucus Hal Rogers marine turtles, and other critically endangered species.
(R-KY), John Tanner (D-TN), Ed Royce (R-CA), and Tom This year, WCS led the worldwide efforts to monitor bird
Udall (D-NM), Public Affairs staff, and conservation partners flu around the world. The Global Avian Influenza Network
worked with world-renowned conservationist Jane Goodall, for Surveillance (GAINS) partners—a unique collaboration of
film maker Josh Ponte, and grassroots supporters to convince federal agencies, academic institutions, conservation organiza-
Nita Lowey (D-NY), Chair of the House Subcommittee on tions, and public and animal health experts—are working in
Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs, 28 countries to build capacity to detect this emerging infec-
and Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Chair of the Senate Subcommittee tious disease. More than 100 million bird observations from
on State and Foreign Operations, to recommend restoring and 95 countries have been recorded and disseminated through
increasing the USAID budget for the Biodiversity Program, a publicly accessible database at In “Letters
CBFP, the Amazon, and continued resources to protect great to the Editor” published in The New York Times, WCS Field
apes in central Africa. Veterinarian and GAINS Director William Karesh empha-
Climate change policy is a top WCS priority in Washing- sized advances and explained the need for continued vigilance
ton. The House and Senate both passed energy policy bills that in tracking avian flu via GAINS even in the absence of major
include measures to secure a strategic plan and federal resources outbreaks. Building on this success, WCS is campaigning
to address the impacts of global warming on wildlife in the to expand this global health surveillance program to other


zoonotic diseases in other species of wildlife. Federal legis- Above: Costume character José the beaver helps open
lation to accomplish this has been championed by Senators the Bronx Zooʼs Eco-Restroom at Mitsubishi Riverwalk.
Joseph Lieberman (I-CT), Daniel Akaka (D-HI), and Sam Right: Community Liaison for Environmental and
Brownback (R-KS), along with Representatives Rosa DeLauro Immigration Affairs Sidd Sanchez, WCS Public Affairs
(D-CT) and Lowey. The GAINS team has provided database Director Jan Kaderly, and Bronx River Alliance Director
demonstrations on Capitol Hill and highlighted successes Linda Cox participate in a second release of alewife
such as building capacity among Afghani women to take and herring to restore the species to the Bronx River.
process bird samples. The legislation is gathering momentum
and awaits a floor vote in the House and committee action in increase to $8 million. ZBGA provides operating support to
the Senate. New York’s zoos, botanical gardens, aquariums, arboretums,
This year, WCS was able to increase the operating support and nature centers, including the Bronx Zoo and New York
it receives from New York City to approximately $20 million Aquarium. WCS received over $2 million in ZBGA funding
and raise almost $48.690 million for capital projects at the this year and expects more in the coming year with the ex-
Bronx Zoo and the New York Aquarium. This comes as good panded program.
news in a year of many changes at the City Council. As part of A letter by Living Institutions Senior Vice President Robert
WCS’s City Council Outreach Program, more than 90 WCS Cook to the editor of the Times Union (Albany) applauded
staff volunteered to meet with or contact their council mem- pending New York State legislation that was passed in Feb-
bers to urge restoration of cultural funding and support for ruary. The amendment allows New York State licensed and
WCS budget priorities. board certified physicians to provide medical care, under the
Thanks to thousands of emails generated by WCS sup- supervision of a licensed veterinarian, to a list of nine species
porters, New York State leaders passed a $250 million budget of non-human primates at the ten premier non-profit zoos ac-
for the Environmental Protection Fund (EPF), up 11 percent credited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums in cases in
from the previous year. As a result, New York’s open spaces, which a veterinary specialist is not available.
air, water, biodiversity, endangered species, and environmen- Further reinforcing its reputation as a thought leader, WCS
tal education-based living museums will be protected for an- this year expanded its use of op-eds and letters to the editor to
other year. An important part of the EPF, the Zoos, Botanical voice its opinions on current topics related to its mission. In
Gardens and Aquariums (ZBGA) program also received an February, President and CEO Steve Sanderson’s opinion edi-


torial, “Superbowl Will Be Bad Time For Bonzo,” appeared >ÀŽï˜}]Ê->iÃ]Ê>˜`ÊÊ
in the New York Daily News. The piece discussed the negative
impacts to conservation resulting from the use of great apes in This year, the Marketing Department conducted an extensive
advertising, focusing on the consequences of this practice dur- search and selected a new advertising agency, Deutsch, Inc., to
ing Superbowl commercials, and offered practical alternatives. assist WCS in maximizing its attendance-driving strategies. An
In the op-ed “Expanded Bottle Bill Would be a Win-Win animated TV campaign supported by print, radio, and online
for New York,” which appeared on March 28, 2007 in The ads was launched in the spring to entice visitors to the Bronx
Journal News (Westchester County), Senior Vice President of Zoo’s “Great Return: Sea Lion Homecoming and Astor Court
Public Affairs John Calvelli discussed the revitalization of the Renaissance.” This campaign represented a significant strategic
Bronx River as evidenced by the appearance of José the bea- departure from prior creative and media strategies.
ver, the importance of New York’s Environmental Protection Capitalizing on the popularity of trading cards with young
Fund, and the benefits of the state’s proposed Bigger Better people, “Wild Cards” were developed as part of an in-park
Bottle Bill. Chairman of the Board David Schiff’s “Misuse of marketing strategy to encourage repeat visitation. The program
the World’s Water Supply Puts Future at Risk” appeared in created three cards—sea lion, tiger, and python—that featured
July in the Chicago Sun Times. fun facts about the cover animal and a discount offer for future
Renowned actress and WCS Trustee Glenn Close discussed targeted attendance-driving events.
her personal experiences with wildlife in Africa and supported The Private Events department had a record-breaking year,
the critical need for the passage of the Great Cats and Rare generating more than $1 million in gross revenue. Events in-
Canids legislation in “We Can’t Afford to Write Off Stars of cluded two major outings for Citigroup, a Valley Health Sys-
the Wild,” which was published in Roll Call, the newspaper of tems employee recognition day, a Goldman Sachs company-
Capitol Hill. family picnic, weddings, and bar/bat mitzvahs.


The Corporate Partnerships Department launched three number of company outings, catered and non-catered, also
new alliances: ZenSoy, UBS, and Royal Caribbean Internation- rose significantly as a result of an aggressive outbound market-
al. Each partner has been actively engaged in environmentally ing strategy. More growth is expected, as Group Sales expands
responsible activities, such as organic farming, carbon emis- its outreach to local, national, and international travel and
sions reduction, and onboard oceanographic research labs. The tourism groups.
department is exploring with Royal Caribbean opportunities Prominent among the public events held at the five WCS
on their ships, which include TV programming, children’s edu- wildlife parks this year, “The Great Return” linked the Bronx
cational workshops, and distribution of Wildlife Conservation Zoo’s popular sea lion exhibit with the historical and cultural sig-
magazine. nificance of the Astor Court restoration. The thematic approach
The newly implemented Group Sales programs, aimed at linked our communications and marketing strategies for our
driving attendance, grew significantly. Tactics included on-line public audiences and varied media outlets throughout the spring.
ticketing for participating corporations, which during the year The month of June incorporated many promotional vehicles and
increased from about 100 corporations to just over 1,000. The paid advertising and allowed for momentum to build, with spe-
cific public event programming centered on Astor Court.
Below: WCS Chairman Emeritus David Schiff and New Also in June, a press event kicked off the summerlong cel-
York City Councilmember Domenic M. Recchia, Jr. at the ebration of the 50th anniversary of the New York Aquarium at
New York Aquariumʼs 50th anniversary celebration. Coney Island.


-Ê>˜`Ê̅iÊ >̈œ˜>Ê
In 2002, WCS and the National Geographic
Society (NGS) formed a landmark, five-year
media and conservation partnership that has
been invaluable in highlighting WCS staff and
programs across all of NGS’s media platforms.
Premiering in May 2007, The Last Eden was
the third film from NGS about WCS’s role in the
creation of a national parks system in Gabon.
Narrated by WCS Trustee Glenn Close, this
latest film featured the work of WCS-Gabon staff
and the International Field Veterinary Program.
The Last Eden was also broadcast on BBC in
England, Canal + in France, and NHK in Japan
and will play on international Air Gabon flights
to and from Libreville. Production continued in
Argentina and Chile for the NGS Special Tierra
del Fuego: Island at the End of the World, to pre-
miere on PBS in 2008. And production began
on a two-hour NG Channel special The Human

The October 2006 issue of National Geographic magazine spotlighted WCS International Field
Vet William Karesh and the deadly Ebola virus. The January 2007 issue of National Geo-
graphic Adventure profiled George Schaller’s 50 years of service to the natural world. Schaller
was awarded the magazine’s first Lifetime Achievement Award at the “Adventurer of the Year”

In March 2007, an article by WCS Senior Conservationist Mike Fay in National Geographic
magazine about the plight of elephants in Chad’s Zakouma National Park directed readers to the
WCS website and brought in more than $100,000 to protect this endangered herd. In addition,
WCS was one of four conservation organizations selected to share a percentage of the gross
domestic box office revenue from the NG Feature Films and Paramount Classics film Arctic Tale.

Five stories about WCS staff and field sites were broadcast on the NGS/PBS series Wild
Chronicles, and six WCS staff were interviewed for National Geographic “World Talk” on XM
Satellite Radio and National Geographic Weekend on NPR.

Online, WCS received its own category of film clips on the broadband channel NGC Wild and
was featured in more than 15 new stories on

WCS and the National Geographic Society recently announced renewal of this important
partnership, increased funding for Global Conservation programs, and committed to produce
high-profile media with a strong conservation message.



The Wildlife Conservation Society ended Fiscal Year 2007 tions totaled $20.1 million, a rise of $2.7 million or 15 percent,
in a strong financial position. Operating revenue and sup- thanks to strong investment returns over the past several years.
port exceeded expenditures by $1.8 million—the fourth Operating expenditures totaled $184.6 million. Pro-
year in a row of operating surpluses. This positive result gram services expenditures and on-site visitor related costs
was achieved through strong private contributions and were $156.2 million, an increase of nearly 13 percent.
government grant support and as well as sustained visi- This growth was driven by a 23 percent increase in expen-
tor and related earned revenue at our wildlife parks. To- ditures for Global Conservation, which totaled $62 mil-
tal WCS assets reached $883.8 million, as investment lion. Expenditures in Living Institutions—the Bronx
funds and donor commitments increased substantially. Zoo, the New York Aquarium, and the City Zoos—were
Operating revenue and support posted an aggregate 13 $79.5 million, 6 percent higher than the prior year.
percent increase to a new high of $186.3 million. Private con- WCS is a labor-intensive organization and continues
tributions, federal, state, and other non-governmental grants to absorb increases in staff costs, most notably higher re-
grew an impressive 18 percent to $73.6 million. Federal grant quired pension contributions and other retiree benefits
support for the Global Conservation program through the and health insurance costs. Non-personnel expenses rose as
United States Agency for International Development, the U.S. well, driven by spending on repairs and maintenance in our
Fish and Wildlife Service, and other agencies is at a record level. parks and higher prices for goods and services. Administra-
Attendance at the zoos and aquarium broke the four million- tive and support services, including fundraising and mem-
visitor mark again this year. Audience-driven revenues— bership, grew modestly and totaled $23.5 million. Support
income from gate and exhibit admissions and from visitor services make up a lean 13 percent of the expense base.
services (food, merchandising, and parking)—totaled $48.7 In FY2002, WCS began to set aside a portion of unre-
million, a 10 percent increase and another record high. Rev- stricted income in a facilities renewal fund to support with
enues from the membership program provided $9.6 million recurring revenues a portion of the infrastructure, equip-
for operations, growing 15 percent from the previous year. The ment, and technology needs of our aging facilities. In
City of New York provided $27.7 million for park operations 2007, $4.9 million was earmarked for these purposes.
through the Department of Cultural Affairs and the Depart- Capital expenditures totaled $29 million, as WCS con-
ment of Parks and Recreation. Investment income for opera- tinues to make progress on its capital construction program,

2007 Operating Revenue 2007 Operating Expenses and Plant Renewal Funding
$186.3 Million $184.6 Million
Plant Renewal
Other Income Fundraising and Funding (3%)
Memberships Membership

Living Institutions
Gifts and Grants Visitor Services
Federal Agencies
3% 3%
5% 4%

31% Management
and General
Income Other 43%
Programs (1%) 1%

Visitor 33%
Services 15%

City of New York Global


Gate and Exhibit Admissions


which provides exhibit improvements, visitor amenities, and the same time, WCS has strengthened its financial footing by
supporting facilities infrastructure. On the Bronx Zoo cam- balancing operating and capital budgets and making substan-
pus, construction commenced on the José E. Serrano Center tial improvements to the physical plant. Our partnership with
for Global Conservation, which is the first phase of the C.V. New York City is one of our most important and enduring as-
Starr Science Campus. This new 43,000-square-foot facil- sets, and it has been an important contributor to this success.
ity will house the Global Conservation program and much WCS’s financial outlook is both exciting and challeng-
needed conference and meeting facilities. The building was ing. Over the next several years, the organization will be clos-
designed to demonstrate both WCS’s leadership in conser- ing out an ambitious capital construction program totaling
vation and commitment to sustainable practices through $326 million. WCS will have restored the historic heart of
the incorporation of “green” architectural design and en- the Bronx Zoo—Astor Court and the Lion House—adding
vironmentally responsible operations. Restoration of the exhibits and visitor amenities; created the Center for Global
historic Lion House and Astor Court continued, financed Conservation, a new and permanent home for our global pro-
by a combination of New York City and WCS funds. grams; and dealt with pressing deferred maintenance needs.
Design work proceeded for improvements to the New All of these efforts, in combination with enhanced market-
York Aquarium’s Main Hall and planned new shark ex- ing and an improved guest services operation, should bol-
hibit, as well as on new big cat exhibits slated for con- ster zoo and aquarium attendance and core revenues.
struction at the three City Zoos—Central Park, Pros- Since FY2000, WCS’s global conservation program has
pect Park, and Queens. And to support its activities nearly quadrupled in size—from $17 million then to $62
around the world, WCS continued to make investments million in 2007. This growth has been supported by private
in telecommunications and information systems. contributions and federal grants. As WCS looks ahead, renew-
WCS has a strong balance sheet, with total assets of $884 mil- ing and increasing support for Global Conservation pro-
lion at the end of FY2007. Investment assets and donor pledges grams presents our most crucial fundraising challenge. The
of future support increased substantially. Pledges and federal Gateways to Conservation Campaign supports these initia-
grant receivables exceeded $97 million, increasing 51 percent tives, and WCS looks forward to its continued success.
from the previous year. Investment assets
rose by $74 million to a market value of
Growth in Expenditures for Global Conservation Activities
$536 million, including the WCS endow-
ment, which reached $469 million at the
end of the fiscal year. The growth in total in-
vestment assets is driven by positive invest-
ment return, new gifts to endowment, and
the receipt of more private funds support-
ing WCS programs and capital projects.
These funds are invested in a well-diversi-
In 1,000s

fied portfolio and produced a total return 40,000

of 17.1 percent for the fiscal year, beating
returns in major investment indexes. 30,000
Fiscal Year 2007 was a very success-
ful one for the Wildlife Conservation 20,000

Society. The wildlife parks, Global Con-

servation activities, and Education pro- 10,000

grams continue to enjoy critical success

and record levels of donor support. At 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007


"* ,/ Ê, 6 1 -Ê Ê 8* - -ÊÊ
9 ,Ê  Ê1 ÊÎä]ÊÓääÇÊ­
"*,/6 Ê"1 /-Ê",ÊÓääÈ®


Contributed $43,353 $42,682
Membership dues 9,684 8,253
Investment income 20,120 17,450
City of New York 27,746 26,831
New York State 3,476 2,413
Federal agencies 17,332 11,630
Non governmental organization grants 9,425 5,381
Gate and exhibit admissions 28,284 25,202
Visitor services 20,467 19,290
Education programs 1,478 1,734
Sponsorship, licensing, and royalties 3,621 2,473
Other 1,337 2,176
Total Revenue $186,323 $165,515

Program Services
Bronx Zoo 50,006 47,735
New York Aquarium 13,352 11,829
City Zoos 16,162 15,253
Global Programs 62,007 50,271
Wildlife Conservation Magazine 1,106 1,169
Lower Bronx River Habitat Conservation 1,164 545
Total program services $143,797 $126,802

Visitor Services 12,401 11,801

Supporting Services
Management and general 16,554 16,268
Membership 2,449 2,503
Fundraising 4,470 4,545
Total supporting services $23,473 $23,316



Excess of Revenues Over

Expenses and Plant Renewal Funding $1,752 $896

A copy of the audited financial statement is available upon request.


" -" / Ê 
Ê- /-
1 ÊÎä]ÊÓääÇÊ ÊÓääÈ


Cash and cash equivalents 21,990 17,250
Accounts receivable 2,431 2,943
Receivable from the City of New York 7,084 4,739
Receivable from the State of New York 6,516 3,824
Receivable from Federal sources 40,064 35,430
Grants and pledges receivable 57,117 28,600
Inventories 1,396 1,430
Prepaid expenses and deferred charges 5,841 6,968
Investments 536,525 462,776
Amounts held in trust by others 2,072 1,984
Funds held by Bond Trustee 13,362 28,327
Property and equipment 189,373 174,473
Total Assets $883,771 $768,744


Accounts payable and accrued expenses 26,419 18,483
Annuity liability 2,741 2,719
Bonds payable 66,704 66,745
Post retirement benefit obligation 33,443 38,013
Total Liabilities $129,307 $125,960

Net Assets
Designated for long-term investment 224,999 168,623
Investment in property and equipment 136,994 136,055
Total unrestricted 361,993 304,678

Temporarily restricted 186,785 132,847

Permanently restricted 205,686 205,259

Total net assets $754,464 $642,784


A copy of the audited financial statement is available upon request.


Wildlife ConservationÊSAFARI!

Katharina Otto-Bernstein and Nathan

Bernstein, Darlene and Brian Heidtke, Allison
and Leonard Stern, Ann and Andrew Tisch,
Ann and Thomas Unterberg, and Priscilla
and Ward Woods co-chaired WCSʼs annual
spring gala—Wildlife Conservation SAFARI!
Madagascar—which was held on May 17 at
Central Park Zoo. Guests enjoyed cocktails
around the sea lion pool before dining
in two Madagascar-themed tents—Spiny
Deserts and Tsingy Cliffs. Christieʼs Inc.
auctioneer Richard Brierley presented this
yearʼs successful silent auction, featuring two
Malagasy crocodiles.


Opposite page, clockwise from top left: WCS Trustee and Gala
Co-Chair Andrew Tisch, WCS President and CEO Steve Sanderson,
and Gala Co-Chair Ann Tisch; Ashley Schiff, WCS Chairman Emeritus
David T. Schiff, and Lisa Schiff; Jane Alexander and WCS Trustee
and Gala Co-Chair Ann Unterberg; WCS Trustee and Gala Co-Chair
Allison Stern and Gala Co-Chair Leonard Stern.
This page, clockwise from top left: Gordon Pattee, WCS Trustee
Dailey Pattee, WCS Trustee Howard Phipps, Jr., and Mary Phipps;
WCS Trustee Barbara Zucker and Donald Zucker; WCS Trustee Anita
Keefe and Luke McCarthy; Deborah Norville and WCS Trustee and
Gala Co-Chair Katharina Otto-Bernstein; Ambassador of Madagascar
to the U.N. Zina Andrianarivelo-Razafy, Elise Andrianarivelo-Razafy,
and WCS Chair of the Board and Gala Co-Chair Ward W. Woods.


An Evening at theÊ

An Evening at the Central Park Zoo was co-chaired

by WCS Junior Committee members Christopher
Manice, Mary Dailey Pattee, and Diana Townsend-
Butterworth. This lively Madagascar-themed event was
held on May 17. The Conservation Council welcomed
more than 1,000 guests who were found sampling the
exotic fare, dancing to music provided by DJ Tom Finn
in the Masoala tent, and enjoying cocktails by the sea
lion pool.
Clockwise from top left: Sylvana Soto-Ward
and Luisana Mendoza; Christie Schiff and Jack
Fennebresque; Devon Rodonets, Emily Broeman, and
Ashley Knowlton; Anya Assante, Olga Eva Baczynska,
Charlotte Bocly, Philip Gaucher, Darcy Jones, and
Alixe Laughlin.



The Explorersʼ Party, held on May 23 at Central Park Zoo, was

co-chaired by Faith Coolidge and Juliette Janssens, who welcomed
Uma Thurman as Honorary Chair. More than 250 families joined
the festivities. Many thanks to the Grandparents Committee—Louise
and Edgar Cullman, Lucy and Mike Danziger, Lisa and David
Schiff, and Judy and Michael Steinhardt—who underwrote this
important event to support WCSʼs education programs.
Clockwise from top left: Explorersʼ Party Co-Chair Juliette
Janssens, Explorersʼ Party Honorary Chair Uma Thurman, and
Explorersʼ Party Co-Chair Faith Coolidge; Jessica Lowrey-Habib,
Whitney Gaeta, Crosby Gaeta, Maggie Habib, Piper Habib;
Kelly and Maddie Mallon; Grandparents Committee Member
Lucy Danziger, Grandparents Committee Member Edgar Cullman,
Sameena Danziger, Uma Thurman, Jim Breheny, WCS Life Trustee
and Grandparents Committee Member Louise Cullman, Sheena
Danziger, and Sunaina Danziger.


Dinner by theÊ-i>

At Dinner by the Sea, held on September

20 at the Water Club in New York City,
Paramount Classics received the 2007
Conservation Award for releasing Arctic
Tale, an epic wildlife adventure that explores
the vast world of the Great North. The
Wildlife Conservation Society is one of four
groups receiving a percentage of the filmʼs
lifetime domestic box office revenue. Two-
hundred guests attended the benefit for the
New York Aquarium, and enjoyed cocktails,
dinner, and a silent auction.
Clockwise from top left: Darlene Heidtke,
WCS Chair of the Board Ward W. Woods,
WCS Trustee Coty Sidnam, WCS Trustee and
Dinner by the Sea Committee Chair Brian
Heidtke, and WCS President and CEO Steve
Sanderson; Dinner by the Sea Committee
Member Terry Mitchell and Terri Spencer
Mitchell; WCS Senior Vice President of
Public Affairs John Calvelli, Lindsay Frank
accepting honorary award for Paramount
Classics, Steve Sanderson, WCS Senior Vice
President and General Director of Living
Institutions Robert Cook, WCS Curator of
Aquatic Health Sciences and Living Systems
Kate McClave; Vivian and Stanley Picheny.



Conservation Patrons provide vital support for the Wildlife

Conservation Societyʼs work to save wildlife and wild places
around the world. In recognition of annual gifts of $1,500
or more, Conservation Patrons enjoy exclusive access to our
facilities and programs, expert-led tours of our zoos and
aquarium, and special events with our curators, scientists,
and program specialists. This year, the Conservation Patrons
Program hosted four special events: An African Morning,
highlighting the Bronx Zooʼs African Wild Dogs and Congo
Gorilla Forest exhibits; Penguins, Polar Bears and Pinnipeds, at
the Central Park Zoo; WCS at Work: Karukinka and Beyond,
which focused on our conservation work in Tierra del Fuego and
Patagonia; and Sea Lions Rock!, celebrating our beloved sea
lionsʼ return to the Bronx Zooʼs newly-renovated Astor Court.
Above: WCS field scientists Graham Harris, Barbara
Saavedra, and Marcella Uhart—the featured speakers at WCS
at Work: Karukinka and Beyond—along with WCS President and
CEO Steve Sanderson. Right: Conservation Patrons Susan and
Horace Crary, Jr. and family listen to a keeper chat during An
African Morning at the Bronx Zoo.


Annual iï˜}

In March 2006, WCS launched a new

annual stakeholders meeting at Rockefeller
University with “Gateways to Conservation
2006: Global Strategy Session.” Through this
new public meeting, WCS aims to engage its
audience in the most pressing conservation-
related issues of the day, from global
conservation to science education in New
York City.
WCS continued this model with “Gateways
to Conservation 2007: The Future of
Conservation.” Discussions centered on
issues from global wildlife health surveillance
to the impact of climate change on wildlife
conservation, and from the connection
between zoo collections and the wild to
scenarios of conservation in the future.
WCS will continue to engage the public in
these critically important issues. Planning is
already well under way for “Gateways to
Conservation 2008: The State of the Wild,”
to be held in April 2008.
Ultimately, the goal of the WCS annual
meeting is to create a strategic dialogue with
our public, which will lead to envisioning
a future in which humans and wildlife live
together sustainably.
Pictured (top to bottom): Bob Cook, Joan
Oestreich, Coty Sidnam, Emma Pucci; David
Schiff, Isabella Rosselini, Ward Woods; Steve
Sanderson, Liz Bennett, Glenn Close, John



The Wildlife Conservation Society Institute is the WCS think tank for conservation strategies. This
year, the Futures Group scenario planning exercise explored how social, climate, and technological
changes could impact the WCS mission in the next 20 years. WCS staff and consultants from Bio-
era, a private research and advisory firm, developed six scenarios for possible WCS responses to
potential global situations. These were presented to staff and trustees at the April 2007 Gateways
to Conservation event and are published online, at
The American Bison Society (ABS), a cross-institutional project, continues to support the
ecological restoration of bison from Alaska to Chihuahua, Mexico, and to build momentum through
a growing network of public and private stakeholders. This year, ABS worked on several projects
with a broad range of partners to resolve constraints to bison restoration and laid the groundwork for restoration
site identification and public awareness campaigns.
The Institute identifies challenges to conservation and coordinates a WCS response. Protected areas and human
livelihoods is such an issue, and the Institute held the second workshop on this subject with 20 international
experts. Proceedings of the first workshop, Protected Areas and Human Displacement: A Conservation
Perspective, are available at
This year, the WCS Public Research and Evaluation Program analyzed the human dimensions of conservation
work. The group studied why people visit zoos, evaluated the effectiveness of the educational Jaguars Forever
program, and worked closely with WCS Public Affairs and Education.


-/Ê, -Ê Ê 
/",- Jonathan L. Cohen Anita and Harry* Keefe
Mr. and Mrs. Edgar M. Cullman Mr.* and Mrs. Frank Y. Larkin
With deep appreciation, the Wildlife Conservation Mr. and Mrs. Martin Lipton
Mrs. Charles A. Dana, Jr.
Society acknowledges the extraordinary support of the
Mr.* and Mrs.* John Elliott, Jr. William B. Lloyd
following donors. The cumulative total contributed by
Mr. and Mrs. Gary C. Fink Edith McBean
each of these individuals, foundations, and corporations
William E. Flaherty Ambrose Monell
has significantly strengthened our efforts to save wildlife
Valerie Gates Gordon and Betty Moore
and wild places. We are enormously grateful for their
Mr. and Mrs. Bradley L. Goldberg Drs. Martin Nash and
enlightened and inspiring generosity. Jack Hennigan
Enid A. Haupt*
The Nichols Family
-/Ê, -Ê Mr. and Mrs. Frederick John R. Hearst, Jr.
Mr. and Mrs. Gordon B. Pattee
W. Beinecke Darlene and Brian Heidtke
Mrs. Milton Petrie
($1 MILLION Eleanor Briggs Estate of Jack R. Howard
AND ABOVE) The Perkin Family
Guy Cary* The Irwin Family
Josie and Julian Robertson
INDIVIDUALS C. Diane Christensen Betty Wold Johnson and
Laurance S. Rockefeller*
and Jean Pierret Douglas F. Bushnell
Mr. and Mrs. Rand V. Araskog Susan and Jack Rudin
Daphne and Thomas Kaplan
Mrs. Vincent Astor* Liz Claiborne* and Art Ortenberg and the Lillian Jean Katherine T. Ruttenberg
George F. Baker III* Mr. and Mrs. J. Michael Cline Kaplan Foundation The Schiff Family
Virginia and Warren Schwerin
Caroline N. Sidnam
Mr. and Mrs. Michael Steinhardt
Allison and Leonard Stern
Dr. Judith P. Sulzberger
Pamela M. Thye
The Families of Laurence A.
and Preston R. Tisch
Joan O. L. Tweedy
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Unterberg
Sue Erpf Van de Bovenkamp
Robert W. Wilson
Estate of Martha Daly Wolfson
Ward W. and Priscilla B. Woods
Barbara and Donald Zucker
Six anonymous donors

Blue Moon Fund
The Bodman Foundation
The Christensen Fund
Liz Claiborne/Art Ortenberg
Conservation International
Conservation International-Critical
Ecosystem Partnership Fund
The Cleveland H. Dodge
Foundation, Inc.
The Doris Duke Charitable
Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation
Charles Hayden Foundation
William Randolph
Hearst Foundation

Left: WCS Life Trustee

Joan Tweedy and WCS
Trustee Brad Goldberg


The Heckscher Foundation Edwin F. Gamble The Ford Foundation Merrill Lynch & Co.
for Children Charitable Lead Trust Regina Bauer Frankenberg Mitsubishi Corporation
Homeland Foundation, Mrs. Roswell Gilpatric* Foundation Foundation for the Americas
Inc./E. Lisk Wyckoff, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Goelet The Helen Clay Frick Foundation Morgan Stanley
Robert Wood Johnson Jr. Paul A. Gould Francis Goelet Charitable Trust The New York Times
Charitable Trust Company Foundation
Kathy and Alan Greenberg Richard and Rhoda Goldman Fund
The John D. and Catherine T. The Pfizer Foundation
MacArthur Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Alexander S. Haig The Marc Haas Foundation
Judith Hamilton Howard Hughes Medical Institute Rockefeller Group
Gordon and Betty Moore International, Inc.
Foundation Estate of Erwin Herzog The Jeniam Foundation
The Tiffany & Co. Foundation
National Fish and Wildlife Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Kean, Jr. The Jeffery Trust
Foundation Elyssa Kellerman Kerzner Marine Foundation
National Fish and Wildlife
Monica M. Krick Lady Kinnoull’s Trusts  1Ê6 
Foundation and ExxonMobil
Save The Tiger Fund Estate of Dr. Ezra Kulko F.M. Kirby Foundation, Inc. The Wildlife Conservation
National Geographic Society Dana and Lawrence Linden Leon Lowenstein Foundation, Inc. Society thanks the
Stavros S. Niarchos Foundation Teresa E. and Robert D. Lindsay The Henry Luce Foundation, Inc. following donors for their
Edward John Noble Susan Lyall Margot Marsh Biodiversity generous contributions
Foundation, Inc. Estate of Marie E. Markus Foundation made between July 1,
The David and Lucile Mr. and Mrs. Roman Martinez IV McBean Family Foundation 2006 and June 30, 2007.
Packard Foundation Richard King Mellon Foundation These gifts provided vital
Estate of Ann Luana Martinez
Panthera, supported by J. Michael The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funding for the programs
and Pamela Cline and the Ida Rossi di Montelera
Mr. and Mrs. George K. Moss William T. Morris Foundation, Inc. and activities—in New
Family of Thomas S. Kaplan
Henry and Lucy Moses Fund, Inc. York City, across the
Pattee Charitable Lead Trust Carl A. Navarre
M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust United States, and around
The Howard Phipps Foundation Katharina Otto-Bernstein
The New York Community Trust the world—that support
The Jay Pritzker Foundation Wendy and Henry M. Paulson, Jr.
The New York Community our mission to save
The Prospect Hill Foundation, Inc. Jonathan Rinehart
Trust-Nancy G. and C. wildlife and wild places.
Robertson Foundation Guy G. Rutherfurd Richard MacGrath Fund
Derald H. Ruttenberg Foundation Agnes Scholl Credit Shelter Trust Oak Foundation USA $100,000 AND ABOVE
The Starr Foundation Walter and Jeanne Sedgwick The Overbrook Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey R. Anderson
Mr. and Mrs. Binkley C. Shorts The Pew Charitable Trusts Mr. and Mrs. Frederick
Mary John Siphron The Pew Fellows Program in
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Blue Moon Fund
Estate of Everett S. Steinmetz Marine Conservation
Consolidated Edison Company Laurie F. Michaels and
of New York, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Eugene V. Thaw The Picower Foundation
David Bonderman
Goldman Sachs Charitable Fund Daniel K. Thorne The Roe Foundation, Inc.
Harvey and Heidi Bookman
Shell Exploration & Hans P. Utsch May and Samuel Rudin
Family Foundation, Inc. Eleanor Briggs
Production Company Jonathan P. Vannini
Sally and Julius Smolen The Howard G. Buffett
The Walt Disney Company Mr. and Mrs. Alan N. Weeden
Foundation Foundation, Inc. Foundation
Estate of Edwin L. Weyer Butler Conservation Foundation
The Sperry Fund
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel C. Diane Christensen

/",- H. Wolcott, III The Summit Foundation
and Jean Pierret
Estate of Martha Daly Wolfson Surdna Foundation
($250,000 TO $999,000) Liz Claiborne/Art Ortenberg
Four anonymous donors Eugene V. and Clare E. Foundation
Thaw Charitable Trust
The Tinker Foundation, Inc.
Mr.* and Mrs. Russell B. Aitken Jonathan L. Cohen
21st Century Tiger Trust For Mutual Understanding
Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey R. Anderson Conservation International
Alexander Abraham Foundation Turner Foundation, Inc.
Estate of Ruth C. Arps Conservation International-Critical
The Barker Welfare Foundation Wallace Global Fund Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Jason* and Susannah Berger
The Theodore H. Barth Wilburforce Foundation Conservation International-
Harry Bettis Foundation, Inc. Norman and Rosita Winston Global Conservation Fund
Laurie F. Michaels and The Bay and Paul Foundations Foundation, Inc.
David Bonderman Estate of Norma E. Cossey
Booth Ferris Foundation World Wildlife Fund Mr. and Mrs. Edgar M. Cullman
Harvey and Heidi Bookman
The Howard G. Buffett Foundation Zoo Zürich Lucy C. Danziger
Coleman P. Burke
Mary Livingston Griggs and Mary Two anonymous donors Sarah K. de Coizart Article
Gilbert Butler Griggs Burke Foundation TENTH Perpetual
Stanley and Pamela Chais The Louis Calder Foundation CORPORATIONS Charitable Trust
Katherine L. and Peter R. Dolan Conservation International- BP International The Doris Duke Charitable
Mr. and Mrs. C. Sims Farr Global Conservation Fund Citigroup Foundation Foundation
Candice and John Frawley Laura Moore Cunningham Liz Claiborne Foundation Earth Share/Environmental
Elizabeth Freed/The Foundation Ernst & Young LLP Federation of America
Freed Foundation Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation Independence Community Estate of Eleanor T. Elliott
Dr.* and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick II Flora Family Foundation Foundation William E. Flaherty
Dr.* and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick II Robert W. Wilson Albert and Didy Hartog Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Unterberg
Melinda B. Frost Ken Wollenberg* and Charles Hayden Foundation Van Tienhoven Foundation for
Valerie Gates Barbara Lee Ebs Estate of Maxine Hoffer International Nature Protection
Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Goelet Estate of Martha Daly Wolfson Hudson River Foundation for The G. Unger Vetleson Foundation
Francis Goelet Charitable Trust Ward W. and Priscilla B. Woods Science and Environmental Wallace Global Fund
World Wildlife Fund Research, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Alan N. Weeden
Richard and Rhoda Goldman Fund
Zoo Zürich Indianapolis Zoological Society, Inc. Woodland Park Zoological Society
Judith Hamilton
Barbara and Donald JJJ Charitable Foundation Zoological Society of London
John R. Hearst, Jr.
Zucker Foundation The Jeniam Foundation Six anonymous donors
Darlene and Brian Heidtke
Two anonymous donors Betty Wold Johnson and
Homeland Foundation, Douglas F. Bushnell $10,000 TO $24,999
Inc./E. Lisk Wyckoff, Jr. $25,000 TO $99,999 Mr. and Mrs. Paul T. Jones II American Society of Primatologists
The Irwin Family 21st Century Tiger Henry P. Kendall Foundation American Zoo and Aquarium
Daphne and Thomas Kaplan Nancy Abraham and Arnold Moss Association, Conservation
and the Lillian Jean Bert G. Kerstetter
Ellen Adams and Jonathan Sheer Endowment Fund
Kaplan Foundation Monica M. Krick
American Museum of Natural Carl B. Anderson III
Elyssa Kellerman Lady Kinnoull’s Trusts
History, Center for Biodiversity Dr. Amy I. Attas and
Kerzner Marine Foundation and Conservation Mr. and Mrs. James M. Large, Jr. 4UFQIFO+4IBQJSPt
The John D. and Catherine T. Arcus Foundation Mark Laxer and Sara Lourie .SBOE.ST'SBOL+"WFMMJOPt
MacArthur Foundation Elinor Patterson Baker Trust Bokara Legendre Avocet Charitable Lead Unitrust
Mr. and Mrs. Darryl Mallah John Banovich Linden Trust for Conservation ɨF#BPCBC'VOEt
Estate of Marie E. Markus The Bay and Paul Foundations The Lipton Foundation The Theodore H. Barth
Edith McBean Cynthia and Ronald Beck William B. Lloyd Foundation, Inc.
Wendy P. McCaw Foundation Susanna Berger Mr. and Mrs. Donald Manocherian Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bendheim
Mr. and Mrs. Eugene R. McGrath Bobolink Foundation Margot Marsh Biodiversity -VDZ8JMTPO#FOTPOt
The Ambrose Monell Foundation Ron and Susan Briggs Foundation Alyse B. Bogert
Gordon and Betty Moore The Bromley Charitable Trust Estate of Ann Luana Martinez %FWPOBOE1FUFS#SJHFSt
Foundation Zara McDonald
The Bullitt Foundation Reverend and Mrs. C.
Mr. and Mrs. George K. Moss John D. Mitchell 'SFEFSJDL#VFDIOFSt
Mr. and Mrs. Coleman P. Burke
National Fish and Wildlife The Moriah Fund Catherine Cahill and
Foundation Chais Family Foundation
Mr. and Mrs. Lester S. Morse, Jr. William Bernhard
National Fish and Wildlife The Chicago Zoological Society
Henry and Lucy Moses Fund, Inc. Dr. Irene Cannon-Geary
Foundation and ExxonMobile Glenn Close
Save The Tiger Fund The Curtis & Edith +PBOOFBOE%BWJE$BUBMBOPt
Columbus Zoological Park
National Geographic Society Association, Inc. Munson Foundation Cleveland Metroparks
The New York Community Trust Conservation International-Center The Nature Conservancy Gladys G. Cofrin Fund
The New York Community for Applied Biodiversity Science Edward John Noble Madeleine and Jerry Cohen
Trust-Nancy G. and C. Estate of Leonard Cossack Foundation, Inc. 3IPEB8FJTLPQG$PIFOt
Richard MacGrath Fund Coypu Foundation Oak Foundation USA Carlos A. Cordeiro
Katharina Otto-Bernstein Katherine L. and Peter R. Dolan Estate of Erin M. O’Brien Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Court
The David and Lucile Harold and Esther Edgerton Diane and David O’Brien Andrew Currie
Packard Foundation Family Foundation Ocean Park Conservation Dallas Zoological Society
The Howard Phipps Foundation The Eppley Foundation Foundation
Mrs. Charles A. Dana, Jr.
The Jay Pritzker Foundation For Research The Overbrook Foundation
Sarah K. de Coizart Article
Josie and Julian Robertson Judith and David Epstein Mr. and Mrs. Gordon B. Pattee TENTH Charitable Trust
Susan and Jack Rudin Armand G. Erpf Fund Philadelphia Zoo The Deshpande Foundation
Katherine T. Ruttenberg/ Flora Family Foundation Thomas and Zaharo Plant The Max and Victoria
The Ruttenberg Family The Fludzinski Foundation The Christopher Reynolds Dreyfus Foundation Inc.
Roger and Vicki Sant/The Jane Fraser Fulcher Foundation The Caleb C. and Julia W.
Summit Foundation The Freed Foundation, Inc. Jonathan Rinehart Dula Educational and
The Schiff Family Charles Fritz III Mr. and Mrs. E. John Charitable Foundation
Walter and Jeanne Sedgwick Edwin F. Gamble Rosenwald, Jr. The Emerald Foundation
Caroline N. Sidnam Charitable Lead Trust Shikar Safari Club Jane V. Engel
The Starr Foundation Mark and Joshua Ginsberg for the International Foundation 3JDIBSEBOE$FDJMJB'BCCSPt
Estate of Everett S. Steinmetz Estate of William R. Ginsberg Sally & Julius Smolen $FMJB"'FMTIFSBOE+PIO-$FDJMt
Allison and Leonard Stern Alexandra Gardiner Goelet Foundation Inc. Katharine G. Frase and
Dr. Judith P. Sulzberger Mr. and Mrs. Bradley L. Goldberg Daniel K. Thorne ,FWJO1.D"VMJĊFt
Pamela M. Thye Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Kate Hagerman-Thye ɨF(BHF'VOE*ODt
%S-BVSJF3(PMETUFJOt and John F. Thye Global Heritage Fund
The Families of Laurence
A. & Preston R. Tisch The Marc Haas Foundation The Tinker Foundation, Inc. Robert Gardiner Goelet
Andrew H. and Ann R. Hagedorn Fund The Frances K. Trees Trust The Stewart & Constance
Tisch Foundation Mr. and Mrs. William H. Trust For Mutual Understanding (SFFOmFME'PVOEBUJPOt
Wilburforce Foundation Hamm III Turner Foundation, Inc. 3PCJOBOE1BVM(SFFOXPPEt


Dr. Joyce Griffin-Sobel
Mary Livingston Griggs and Mary
Griggs Burke Foundation
Caroline H. Hall
Mary W. Harriman Foundation
Gladys and Roland
Harriman Foundation
Karen Haycox
The Henry Foundation, Inc.
Mr. and Mrs. Tim Hixon
Hosford Family Foundation
International Elephant Foundation
Estate of Reintraut E. Jonsson
Anita L. Keefe
The John R. Kennedy Foundation
Richard P. Krasnow and
Estate of Virginia G. Lecount
The Lincoln Park Zoological Society
Carolyn Lloyd-Cohen
George C. and Jennifer West Lodge
James J. and Marianne B.
Lowrey Foundation
Marine Ventures Foundation
Mr. and Mrs. Roman Martinez IV
Judith McBean
William B. McClatchy
%SBOE.ST3PCFSU-.FSDFSt Mr.* and Mrs. Simon Poyta Hilary Geary Ross and Wilbur Ross, Jr.
.BSZBOE4BN4DPUU.JMMFSt Jack & Pearl Resnick Charitable
Morgan Family Foundation Trust No. Three
+PIO(3PCJOTPOBOE-JOEB$PYt Speckhard-Knight Wildlife Advocacy Project
Natural History Museum Charitable Foundation
of the Adirondacks Todd A. Robinson .SBOE.ST3JDIBSE&8JUUFOt
The Seth Sprague Educational Mr. and Mrs. Samuel H.
Mr. and Mrs. Carl A. Navarre, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Theodore and Charitable Foundation
New York City Environmental  3PPTFWFMU*7t Wolcott, III
The Stebbins Fund
Fund of the Hudson .JDIBFMBOE*SFOF3PTTt Wyss Foundation
%FCSB3PUICFSHBOE-JTB-PSFMMJt John M. Stephenson Six anonymous donors
Nichols Foundation, Inc., in
memory of Charles W. Nichols (VZ(3VUIFSGVSEt Surdna Foundation $5,000 TO $9,999
+PIO/JDIPMTPOt 8BMUFS+4DIMPTTt Tapeats Foundation The Adirondack Forty-Sixers, Inc.
North of England The William P. and Gertrude Turtle Survival Alliance Foundation Jane Alexander and Edwin Sherin
Zoological Society 4DIXFJU[FS'PVOEBUJPO *ODt Hank Uberoi and Angela &SJDBOE"OOFUUF"MUNBOOt
Dr. and Mrs. Fernando Nottebohm Virginia and Warren Schwerin #FFLFST6CFSPJt
.SBOE.ST)PXBSE*0FTUSFJDIt Shared Earth Foundation Richard and Virginia
Voell Family Fund Audubon International
Olympic Regional The Peter Jay Sharp Foundation
Development Authority ,BUISZO'8BHOFSt Kathleen C. Barclay
Open Space Institute Inc. Alexander H. Watson +FTTJDB#FBUUJFBOE,FO'JEKFt
Mr. and Mrs. Binkley C. Shorts
(JMNBO0SEXBZt %BWJE*8FJOFSt Jeffrey L. Berenson
The Sidney, Milton and Leoma
Overhills Foundation Simon Foundation -VDJMMF8FSMJOJDIt .FMJTTBBOE%BOJFM#FSHFSt
Panaphil Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Siphron W. Larry Westbrook #SFOEB#FSSZt
PKD Trust Laurie M. Smith and Westlake Foundation Vani and Jayaram Bhat
Generoso Pope Foundation Stephen C. Pratt 8JMMJBNBOE$BSPM8IJUUFNPSFt Mary S. Boardman
*deceased t8$4$POTFSWBUJPO1BUSPO
Brevard Zoo Mr. and Mrs. Werner Nathan C. and Margaret Y. %S"OOF.D#$VSUJTt
1BUSJDL5#SJPEZt ),SBNBSTLZt Thorne Charitable Gift Fund Mr. and Mrs. Paul L. Davies III
+PIOBOE.BSZ-B.BUUJOBt of the Fidelity Investments
Ambassador and Mrs. W. Charitable Gift Fund "MGSFEBOE+PBO%F$SBOFt
--ZPOT#SPXOt Lang Family Foundation Estate of Samuel and Hilda Duff
The Toronto Zoo
John and Evelyn Trevor
.SBOE.ST4BNVFM$#VUMFSt Michael Lindley Charitable Foundation Engel Foundation, Inc.
Canyon Creek Foundation .JDIFMFBOE4DPUU-JOETBZt Dr. Lucy R. Waletzky $IBSMFTBOE4ZMWJB&SIBSUt
The Carter Fund The Michael R. Lynch and 4IBSPO8FFBOE5SBDZ'Vt .BSHPU1BVM&SOTUt
Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth K. Coe .BSUIB1.BHVJSFt Lorin Le Grant and
Abigail Congdon and Donald B. and Catherine Howard Finkelstein
$.BSSPOt Winslow Foundation
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Robert and Susan Wilder
.D.PSSJT**t Zoological Society of San Diego
The Cowles Charitable Trust 1IZMMJTBOE4FZNPVS(BSUFOCFSHt
Steven Meyer and Carol Sze Eleven anonymous donors
Bobbie Crosby .SBOE.ST4DPUU-(FMMFSt
Mr. and Mrs. Roderick $2,500 TO $4,999 Sarah A. Gillman and
Drs. Martin Nash and Mrs. Jean-Paul Gimon
Mr. and Mrs. Edward V. Dardani +BDL)FOOJHBOt "CSFV.BSUJO'BNJMZt
Denver Zoological Foundation .SBOE.ST+PTFQI"HSFTUJt Linda E. Gladstone
Network for Good
8JMMJBN&%FSSFOCBDIFSt American Conservation Association -BVSBBOE%BWJE(SFFOCBVNt
The Cleveland H. Dodge Josiah and Valer Austin .BSJMVBOE+BZ(SFFOCFSHt
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Nives
Foundation, Inc. Tracy Austin "OUPOJB.(SVNCBDIt
The Norcross Wildlife
Strachan Donnelley, Ph.D. Foundation, Inc. 1BUSJDJB*"WFSZt 1BVMBBOE+FĊSFZ(VSBMt
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Esnard D. Barry O’Connor Mr. and Mrs. Richard Bastoni Joseph W. Hammer
Estate of Diane J. Evans %BWJE0SFOUSFJDI .%t Bay Ridge Parks & -BVSBBOE+BNFT)FOFHIBOt
Joseph F. Feak +FTTJF#1BVMt The Howard Bayne Fund .SBOE.ST.JDIBFM+)PSWJU[t
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Flintoft 4UFWFO1IJMMJQTBOE5JMB%VIBJNFt Steven B. Beasley and )BOT1)VCFSt
Mr. and Mrs. George D. Phipps Donna M. Uher and
+VTUJO1BVM#FMMt Arthur E. Imperatore
&&(FEVMEt M. Piuze Foundation
%S&MJ[BCFUI#FOOFUUt The Edith B. and Lee V.
3BDIFM(FPSHFt The Remington Foundation 3PCFSU0BOE%PSJT8#FOTPOt Jacobs Fund No. 1
The Jane Goodall Institute Christopher Cutler
for Wildlife Research "NFMJBBOE3JDIBSE"#FSOTUFJOt Jeanette K. Gamble
Rich Memorial Trust Charitable Trust
The Grodzins Fund Matthew F. Bostock
.BSDJ"3PTFOGFMEt Yukako Kawata and
Isabella Rossellini 5FPEVMP)FOSJRVF[t
Hoch 2003 Charitable Lead Trust Mr. and Mrs. John Briedis
Mary A. H. Rumsey Foundation +BDLJF8JMMJBNT,BZFt
.SBOE.ST'SBOL8)PDIt Mr.* and Mrs. Garrison
.ST%PSPUIZ,3VQQt 8#SJOUPOt Elaine S. Kirschenblatt
Deirdre and Christopher Hockett Steven and Rosalie Sanderson .BSJBO*,SBVTTt
Janice M. Holsbo and Estate of Judith Ann Schmidt %PVHBOE8FOEZ,SFFHFSt
Marlene Constance Patricia Calabrese and
Sedgwick County Rebecca and Sam Campbell Ron Lake
Dr. Leora Horwitz and Zoological Society 8BMUFS8BOE#BSCBSB*$BSFZt
%FSFL,BVGNBOt Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin
Estate of Leland Shafer Julia Carpenter 7-BNCFSUt
Susan H. Shane Trust Drs. Tylis Y. Chang and Christine Larchian and
&MMFO+BDPCTPOt Mr. and Mrs. William B. Robert J. Laskowski
Ruth Smart Foundation
Marybeth Sollins
The JM Foundation $IFSZM$IJQt Leon Levy Foundation
.JMMB+PWPWJDIt Cincinnati Zoological & The Betty R. Lindner Foundation
+FĊBOE4BSBI4UBĊPSEt Botanical Gardens
Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Kean, Jr. Elena Citkowitz and
Mr. and Mrs. John G. Stevenson +PTFQI)PĊNBOt .SBOE.STɨPNBT)-JTUFSt
F.M. Kirby Foundation, Inc. Sylvanus Charitable Trust +PTFQI'$PMFNBOt "SUIVS--PFCt
Joan E. Kirkpatrick "MFKBOESP5BXJMt )PXBSEBOE7JWJBO$PMTPOt Henry A. Lowenstein
#BSCBSB,MFJOt Michael F. Teitler and The Alan B. Cox Charitable $ZOUIJBBOE%BO-VGLJOt


Sandra L. Manzella and .FHIBO/FMTPOt
Mr. and Mrs. Scott Shaw +PFM48FJTTNBOt
Richard Karoff Drs. Ralph and Jadviga
EB$PTUB/V×F[t /BUBMJFBOE)PXBSE4IBXOt Estate of Edwin and
ɨPNBTBOE"NZ.BSBOPt Peter J. Sherwin Margaret Weyer
Theresa Perenich Maria Montgomery and
Mr. and Mrs. Frank McGinnis Winthrop, Jr.
A donor-advised grant from the #BSCBSBBOE+FSBME8JTIOFSt
McKenzie River Gathering )FMFOB5:FVOHt
Foundation, directed by Reid Park Zoo .BSZBOE'SBOL4USPINt
Susan and Norman Reid +VMJFBOE)VHI4VMMJWBOt Ten anonymous donors
an anonymous donor
.BSUIB#.D-BOBIBOt The Reserve Management Swedish Defend the $1,500 TO $2,499
Corporation Elephants Society
Messengers of Healing /BPNJ"SCJUt
Winds Foundation %SBOE.ST+BDL"3PCCJOTt 1BVM5BLBUTt
Rocky Mountain Chapter of .BSJBOOB+#BLFSt
#SJBOBOE)FJEJ.JMMFSt the American Association Toledo Zoo Chapter of the
American Association of $BOEZBOE.JDIBFM#BSBTDIt
&SJDBOE4UBDFZ.JOEJDIt of Zoo Keepers, Inc.
+PIO%.PSJU[t Carmiña and Ralph Roth
Michael Tuch Foundation, Inc. "OOFUUFBOE3PCFSU+#BSMFUUBt
Estate of William T. Warnock .SBOE.ST')BSMBO#BUSVTt
Alta Thorne and WCS Trustee Daniel K. Thorne Mr. and Mrs. Christopher .SBOE.ST.BSUJO#FBWFSt

*deceased t8$4$POTFSWBUJPO1BUSPO
.SBOE.ST+PIO$#FDLt CAL Foundation, Inc. Isabella Rosellini and WCS Trustee and Gala Co-Chair
Jean-Marc Berteaux .SBOE.ST&VHFOF$BNBMJt
The Cornelius N. Bliss +BTPO$VDVMPt Tom and Kathy Ewald
Naples Zoo at Caribbean Gardens
David Cohen and
+BOJDF%#PZEt Janet Cohen and Daniel )FBUIFS.BSZ%JYPOt Laura Palma French and
,BSFO"#SVTIt Commonwealth Zoological %VSTP'PVOEBUJPOt Mr. and Mrs. Peter L. Getz
The Burgess Family Corporation $JOEZBOE%BWJE&EFMTPOt -BVSBBOE4DPUU(FXJSU[t


Mr. and Mrs. Joseph .SBOE.ST(FPSHF5-PXZt 'BJUI3PTFOGFMEt Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Wilson III
Spenger Glendon and Lisa Tung 3VUIBOE#FSOBSE.BEPĊt .SBOE.ST$ZF&3PTTt Martha Wolfgang and
8JMMJBN5(PMEFOt Drs. William K. Main and Mark Ross 1FUFS)VUDIJOHTt
Goldman Environmental .BSJTPM(BSDJB.BJOt Richard W. Ross )FMFOFBOE%BSSZM.8PPEt
Gail Rothman and
.SBOE.ST"M(PSFt Maryland Zoological Society Sannikov Russian +PBOOF;BNNJUt
Melanie H. and James Sixteen anonymous donors
Mr. and Mrs. Frank J. Hallowell '.D&MMJHPUUt %BWJEBOE.BSUIB4DIXBSU[t
Dr. and Mrs. Alan Harley #BSSZ"4IBQJSPt *deceased
Mr. and Mrs. John F.
-ZOOFBOE+PIO)BSSJTt &NJMZ#.D,BZt James Williams " ",-Ê/"ÊÊ
Margo A. Hassan and .BSLBOE+BNJF.FBEPXt -*
Ê 6 /-
Joy and Harry* Henschel +FĊFSZ$4MJUFSt Boies, Schiller & Flexner, LLP
-BVSFOBOE+BNFT.PMMPZt Charles B. Wang Foundation
Brad and Beth Hildt Jessica Platt and Christopher
&OSJRVFBOE#BSCBSB.POTBOUPt 4PNNFSTt Consolidated Edison Company
Alfred T. Stanley Foundation
1FUFS*TFMJOt +PIO#SPUFO.PSUPOt Darlene and Brian Heidtke
Mrs. Deborah P. Sterling
Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey G. Jervis .SBOE.ST$IBSMFT).PUUt The Hess Foundation, Inc.
Mr. and Mrs. William
1BUBOE1BVM%,BQMBOt .SBOE.ST(MFOO.VSSBZt Sidney Stern Memorial Trust The Howard Phipps Foundation
.SBOE.ST+PIO&,BSMJOt Heidi A. Muschick and .JDIBFM+4VMMJWBOt Schering-Plough Corporation
Diane and Donald Kendall, Jr. 3PZ3/FVCFSHFSt #BSCBSB+5BMMFSt Allison and Leonard Stern
8FOEZBOE+PIO,FSZLt Liz Neumark and Chaim +FĊSFZ5BTDIMFSBOE%JOB5SFBOPSt Mr. and Mrs. Renke Thye
Nancy Taubenslag and The Families of Laurence
Charles Knowles .SBOE.ST8JMTPO/PMFOt John M.P. Thatcher IV Andrew H. and Ann R.
Anna Kramarsky and Elizabeth O’Connell and .ST4UVBSU8ɨBZFSt Tisch Foundation
+FBOOF#FSHNBOt $ISJTUPQIFS1#PHBSUt Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Unterberg
Robert S. Kruger and Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas D. Osborne Patrick J. Thomas and Barbara and Donald
.SBOE.ST-BXSFODF-BJFSt Peco Foundation
$25,000 TO $49,999
Margaret and Bjorn
.SBOE.ST$IBSMFT-1FSSJOt ɨPSCKBSOBSTPOt Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
Kathleen LaMattina and /BODZBOE'SBOL1JFSTPOt Toledo Zoological Society Patricia D. Cayne
+BNFT+#SFIFOZt -BVSB1IJMJQTBOE+PIO&MMJPUt Kenneth L. Smith Mr. and Mrs. J. Michael Cline
&MJTF4-BQIBNt Emma Pucci -+PIO7BO/PSEFOt Abigail Congdon and
4UFWFOBOE4VTBO-BYt The Thomas J. Watson Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Edgar M. Cullman
+BOFUBOE.FMWZO-FXJOUFSt Charles E. and Leslie D. Webster Mrs. Charles A. Dana, Jr.
Kent H. Redford and
,BUIMFFO-JOHPt +BZBOE"NZ3FHBOt Colleen West Katherine L. and Peter R. Dolan
)BSWFZBOE(BZMF-JUXJOt Rockefeller Brothers Fund 5BWPS8IJUFt M. Jessica Ewing and Steven Silpe
-PSOB-JWJOHTUPOt Jamie and Leila Rome Estate of Hazel L. Wilbur Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Goelet
-BVSB-PQF[BOE.JDIBFM,JNt .SBOE.ST+FĊSFZ53PTFt Natalie W. Williams Goldman, Sachs & Co.
*deceased t8$4$POTFSWBUJPO1BUSPO
Newman’s Own, Inc. Alexandra Gardiner Goelet Miriam Cahn KeySpan
Katharina Otto-Bernstein Robert Gardiner Goelet Ann Marie Carr Jay Kim
and Nathan Bernstein Allen J. Grubman John K. Castle Gloria Kisch
Hilary and Wilbur Ross HSBC Bank USA Ana Centola Elaine Kloss and Ronald Adee
Mr. and Mrs. David T. Schiff Carl C. Icahn Foundation Bonnie and Clive Chajet Werner H. and Sarah-
Jerry I. Speyer Donna M. Uher and Elizabeth and James Chandler Ann Kramarsky
John M. Stephenson Arthur E. Imperatore Cheryl K. Chip Thomas F. Kranz
Karen A. and Kevin W. John Ciaffone and Christine Kuehbeck and
$10,000 TO $24,999 Kennedy Foundation Carl Bernstein
Gina Argento Ciaffone
Bloomberg Barbara and Michael Kowalski Ronald A. Lake and
Ann and Geoffrey Coley
Dahlia and Dominic A. Capolongo Frederick C. Lake
Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin V. Lambert Community Mayors, Inc.
Liz Claiborne /Art Margo M. Langenberg
Damon P. Mezzacappa Ursula and Kevin Corgan
Ortenberg Foundation Mr. and Mrs. James M. Large, Jr.
David T. Michaels Ace and Susan Crary
Glenn Close Brooke and David W. Laughlin
Terence Mitchell Crum and Forester
Credit Suisse The Lautenberg Foundation
Elizabeth P. Munson and Gila and Paul Daitz
The Walt Disney Company Robert L. von Stade M.J. and Caral Lebworth
Forest City Ratner Mary Beth and Stephen Daniel
Muriel McBrien Kauffman Harrison T. LeFrak
Sidney Gold Robert de Rothschild
Foundation/Julia Power Weld Karen and Richard LeFrak
Mr. and Mrs. Bradley L. Goldberg Mr. and Mrs. Thompson Dean
New York Presbyterian Hospital Jean and Armand Lindenbaum
The Irwin Family Mr. and Mrs. Donald DeFord
Vivian and Stanley Picheny Mr. and Mrs. Robert D.
Kanbar Philanthropic Fund Mr. and Mrs. Sam M. Lindsay and Family
Robert Rechnitz DeRosa-Farag
Anita L. Keefe Mr. and Mrs. Peter G. Schiff Gail McDonnell Lobkowicz
Nancy and Hugh Devlin and Phillip Lobkowicz
Elyssa Kellerman Mr. and Mrs. Eric P. Sheinberg The Cleveland H. Dodge Lostand Foundation, Inc.
John and Mary LaMattina Paul Shiverick Foundation, Inc.
Marguerite Loucas
Carolyn Lloyd-Cohen Stuntz Family Foundation Kathy and Craig Drill
and Patrick Turbett William B. Lowe
Wachovia Insurance Services Stephanie and David Engstrom
Cynthia and Dan Lufkin Susan Lyall
Weill Medical College & Graduate Robert and Margaret Fagenson
Edith McBean School of Medical Sciences Grace Lyu Volckhausen
Celia A. Felsher and John L. Cecil
Larry P. Medvinsky Guy Wildenstein Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP
Karen and Andrew Fife
Mr. and Mrs. Gordon B. Pattee Mr. and Mrs. Samuel H. Christopher H. Manice
Jodie and Andrew Fink
Patterson, Belknap, Webb & Tyler Wolcott III Mr. and Mrs. Roman Martinez IV
Diane and Jerry Fishman
Heather and Merritt Paulson Diahn and Tom McGrath
One anonymous donor Dr. Charlotte K. Frank
Prudential Securities Ronay and Richard Menschel
$1,000 TO $4,999 GAB Robins North America, Inc.
Virginia and Warren Schwerin Mr. and Mrs. Robert B. Millard
Lorie and Paul Adams Christopher George
Caroline N. Sidnam Mary and Sam Miller
Catherine G. Adler Carolyn M. Gould
Mr. and Mrs. Michael Steinhardt Mrs. Stanley R. Miller
Jane Alexander and Edwin Sherin Rebecca and Laurence Grafstein
Edward Stern and Stephanie Rein Gillian and Sylvester Miniter
American Girl Grayson Family Foundation, Inc.
Emanuel and Elizabeth Stern Richard and Marcia Mishaan
Jeanne and Gerhard Andlinger Greater New York Hospital Hee-Jung and John Moon
The Summit Foundation Association
Muffie Potter Aston and The Moore Charitable Foundation
Mr. and Mrs. Daniel K. Thorne Dr. Sherrell J. Aston Jamee and Peter Gregory
Pamela M. Thye Heidi Muschick and
Astroland Kiddie Park Inc. Dr. Joyce P. Griffin-Sobel Barry DiBernardo
The Weill Family Fund Mr. and Mrs. David M. Baldwin Antonia M. Grumbach Valia and Metin Negrin
Mrs. John L. Weinberg John Barman and Kelly Graham Agnes Gund Foundation New York Stock Exchange
Yale University Elizabeth E. Bartlett Jeffrey Gural Foundation, Inc.
Dennis Basso and Michael Gaines Gwathmey New York Yankees
$5,000 TO $9,999 and Rose Harvey
Cominotto Heidi Nitze
Mr. Rodney B. Berens Anneliese Harstick
Elizabeth Belfer Drs. Ralph and Jadviga
Mr. and Mrs. Leon D. Black Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Hayes
Garrick D. Bernstein da Costa Nuñez
Devon and Peter Briger Gillian Hearst-Shaw
Celeste and P. Cornelis Boele Mr. and Mrs. Richard Nye
Mr. and Mrs. Steven A. Cohen Marlene Hess and James H. Zirin
Yamilee Bongo-Astier D. Barry O’Connor
Faith and Peter Coolidge Caroline Hirsch and Andrew Fox
Stephanie E. K. Borynack Lisa and Ciaran O’Kelly
Nancy Louise Corzine Hilary and Steven Hirsch
Mr. and Mrs. Henry R. Breck Patricia and Jeffrey Patterson
Lucy C. Danziger Richard L. Hirsch
Rosemary and Charles Brennan Jessie and Thomas Paul
Sharon S. and Jane and Michael Hoffman
Brighton Development Robin and Matthew E. Perkins
Christopher C. Davis
Mr. and Mrs. Garrison W. Brinton Juliette and Mark Janssens Carroll Petrie
Blair A. England and
Peter H. Carlin Brooklyn Cyclones Therese Joslin Yesim and Dusty Philip
Fairfield Greenwich Group Diane and Charles Brush Elizabeth and William Kahane Joanne and Paul B. Prager
FxFowle Architects, PC Melva Bucksbaum and Dayssi and Paul Kanavos Kimberly and Jean Putzer
James J. and Marianne B. Raymond Learsy Elizabeth and Dan Keegan Lewis Rabinowitz
Lowrey Foundation Mr. and Mrs. George H. Bullen Bicky and George Kellner Denise Rich


Robeco USA, Inc. The Pfizer Foundation Stop & Stor Charitable Fund Barbara’s Bakery, Inc.
Elizabeth and Bradley Robins Shell Exploration & Vestar Capital Partners Birthdaybakers Partymakers
Linda Gosden Robinson and Production Company W. P. Carey & Co. Bottlenotes
James D. Robinson III The Tiffany & Co. Foundation Wilder Property Companies, Inc.
David Rockefeller Bradford Renaissance
Tyco International
Isabella Rossellini Unocal Foundation $1,000 TO $2,999 Brooklyn Brewery
Dr. Jeffrey A. Sachs American International Group Build-A-Bear Workshop®
Carla Sacks and John Morris
$25,000 TO $49,999 Amgen Foundation Castle Brands, Inc.
Danielle Sapse and Liz Claiborne Inc. Good Tree LLC Champion Stamp Co., Inc.
Anne-Marie Sapse Credit Suisse Kings Plaza Shopping
Center and Marina Classic Harbor Line
Drew and Karenna Schiff The Walt Disney Company
Mort Schrader Independence Community Lowepro Faith and Peter Coolidge
Heidi Schuster Foundation Moritz Cadillac, Inc. Crayon, Inc.
Kristen Siebecker and JPMorgan Chase Newman’s Own, Inc. Deno’s Wonder Wheel
Alex Robinson Morgan Stanley Newmark & Company
Ann L. and Herbert J. Siegel SeaWorld & Busch Gardens Real Estate, Inc.
Philanthropic Fund Draycott Hotel
Conservation Fund Reserve Management Corporation
Alan B. Slifka Foundation, Inc. Eos Airlines
Sovereign Bank San Juan Hand Therapy
Andrea Stern Schroder Investment Management The Fishman Organization
Raymond M. Steuert $10,000 TO $24,999 North America Inc. FIZZ
Dana Hammond Stubgen Altria Group, Inc. St. Augustine Alligator Farm Inc. Folkmanis
and Dr. Patrick Stubgen American Express Company Sullivan, Hayes & Quinn Forest City Ratner Companies
Dr. Judith P. Sulzberger Anson Energy Corporation Veterinary Oncology and
Matt and Joan Taylor Automatic Data Processing, Inc. Hematology Center, LLC Fox Entertainment Group
Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Thomas AXA Foundation, Inc. One anonymous donor Gervais Arts
Barbara and Donald Tober The Bank of New York Glorious Food
Mary Margaret and John Trousdale Bloomberg , / Ê Italian Wine Merchants
The G. Unger Vetleson Foundation Colgate-Palmolive Company
*,/ ,- IZZE Beverage Company
Mr. and Mrs. John J. Veronis Ernst & Young, LLP Jacadi
Astroland Amusement Park
Mr. and Mrs. Gianluigi Vittadini The Guardian Life JetBlue Airways
Insurance Company Baby Planet
Erica von Studnitz Bank of America
The H.W. Wilson Foundation K & M International
Bruce and Claude Wasserstein Café Imports
HSBC Bank USA KeySpan Energy
Sharon Wee and Tracy Fu
Laurie and David I. Weiner Consolidated Edison Company
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. London Zoo
Harriett and Ronald Weintraub of New York, Inc.
Merrill Lynch & Co. Mad Imports
Karl Wellner and Deborah Norville Coors Brewing Co.
MetLife Manhattan Theatre Club
Mr. and Mrs. Phillip Winegar Delta Air Lines
Moody’s Foundation Denos WonderWheel Mapping the World by Heart
Rogih Yazgi
Benjamin Moore & Co. Eaglemont Press
Natasha and Dirk Ziff MCC Theater
New England Biolabs Foundation Fisher-Price
Zurich American Medical Imaging
Insurance Company New York Power Authority Fuji Photo Film USA, Inc. of Manhattan
Three anonymous donors Pzena Investment Hess Corporation
Management, LLC Northern Focus Optical, Inc.
Jeep On The Line Productions LTD
The Rockefeller Group, Inc.

",*",/ Ê Sony Corporation of America

Manhattan Beer Distributors
PepsiCo, Inc.
" ",- Time Warner, Inc.
Montefiore Medical Center
Placid Boatworks
The New York Daily News
Toshiba America Foundation Putumayo World Music
$50,000 AND ABOVE PepsiCo, Inc.
BP International $6,000 TO $9,999 Pepsi-Cola Bottling Ralph Lauren
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Fidelity Investment Corporation of New York, Inc. Riverhouse
Cargill, Inc. McGraw-Hill Companies Royal Caribbean International Sharp Electronics Corporation
Citi TIAA-CREF Snapple Beverages
Skin TheraP
Consolidated Edison Company Universe Kogaku America SONY Pictures
of New York, Inc. So Cozy Haircare
For Children
Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund $3,000 TO $5,999 UBS
Enduro India Sovereign Bank
Berry & Berry Wendy’s International
Exxon Mobil Foundation The Bloomingdale’s Fund of Yellow Book Sweet Zoe Scents
Goldman, Sachs & Co. the Federated Department ZenSoy Victoria Hansen
Stores Foundation
Mitsubishi Corporation Rachel and Janet Vinyard
Foundation for the Americas Chevron Research and
The New York Times Technology Company /-‡ ‡ Vivolo
Company Foundation Happy Hollow Corporation American Girl Wyland
Nordstrom Henry Schein, Inc. Astroland Amusement Park Zoocchini
*deceased t8$4$POTFSWBUJPO1BUSPO
7  Ê ,/ Ê

The Wildlife Conservation Society is pleased to Janet and Fred Hitschler Marilyn O’Brien
recognize the members of the Wildlife Heritage Circle, Carroll Ann Hodges Mr. and Mrs. David Obedzinski
who have demonstrated their commitment to our mission Augusta Hook Doris Ohlsen
by including WCS in their estate plans or establishing Margaret Rose Hope Austin Okie
life income gifts. We are grateful for their contributions, Robin Huffman Theresa and Leonard Ornstein
William Hughes PKD Trust
which will provide important future support for our
Mr. and Mrs. Edgar E. Jackson Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Palkovitz
efforts to save wildlife and wild places.
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Jacobs Antoinette Panico
Cav. Dr. Irma B. Jaffe Jacqueline Pearlman
Norma J. Abele Annette DeLuca Sonya Jensen Terry Pelster
Ethel Adler Robert and Rosemarie Dieda Joan and Edward Kaplan Stacey Peters
Edwina P. Ahenkora Heather-Mary Dixon Mr. and Mrs. John E. Karlin Martha Pezrow
Dorothy L. Asendorf Andre and Molly Donikian Yvonne P. Kenny Lauren Pollack
Betty Jane Baer Christopher Durso Lisette Kirchner Jane Cox Ponty
Betty L. Barry Barbara Dzubak Edith Kopecky Mrs. Simon Poyta
Rhoda Lee Bauch Marie June Eger and Nicholas and Linda Kordes
Mary Jane Osborne Robert M. Preissner
Beverly Bender Simah Kraus
Dr. Joan Eliasoph Lauretta Prestera
Mrs. Hilda A. Bender Neil W. Kurtz
William T. Farrar Phil and Irene Pullen
Annette Benedict Henry Lefer
Joan L. Faust Robert Ramir
Helen Benjamin Grace Leight
Irmgard Bennett Bonnie Fisher
Suzi Leonard
Joan Benson Taryn and Howard Fisher
Dr. Richard W. Levy
Lucy Wilson Benson Robert and Judith Foester
Lucy D. Lieberfeld
Mr. and Mrs. Robert O. Benson Connie C. Frazier
Michael Lindley
Susanna Berger Christopher and Desly
Kathleen Lingo
Movius Fryer
Ann Berkman Harvey Litwin
Gail Gabrelian
Gisela and Daniel Berkson William B. Lloyd
Margaret Garland
Priscilla Blakemore Catherine Lomuscio
Lois Gartlir
Louis H. Blumengarten Dorcas MacClintock
Evadne Gerrard
Harvey and Heidi Bookman Andrew J. Main
Nadine and Scott Goetz
Margaret A. Borgstrand Patricia Malkin
Doris Golderos
Richard H. Bose Mr. and Mrs. James P. Marion, Jr.
Fred Good
Maggie and Walt Boyer Elizabeth S. Mark
Barbara Graham
Ron and Susan Briggs Mr. and Mrs. George J. Marra
Margaret and Floyd Grave
Randy Brook Edith McBean
Carolyn Greene
Marlene Bryda Linda McCauley
Sharon Grelsamer
Drs. Cynthia and Robert Burns Megan M. McCormick
Thomas M. Griffing
Walter and Sylvia Button Mr. and Mrs. David Herron Meese
Dr. James F. Grillo
Joseph A. Calderone Charles W. Merrels
Katharine Gross
Michael Campbell Mr. and Mrs. Richard A. Miller
Cynthia E. Gubernick
William H. Canfield Stella Miller
Tatjana E. Gusoff
Dr. Irene Cannon-Geary James F. Minter and
Margaret L. Hagen David J. Schnabel
Peggy Catalane
Leo Carl Halpern Max Money
Caroline and Dominick Celli
Linda Hammond Richard Montgomery
Dorothy Babcock Chapin
Mary Harkness Dan and Shirley Moreines
C. Diane Christensen
and Jean Pierret Nancy Kay Harris Anne Marie Morris
Marie Ciaiola Linda D. and Albert M. Hartig Amy J. Munich
Ann Cioffi Gregory F. Hauser Drs. Martin A. Nash and
Emily Clifton Peg Heath Jack Hennigan
Jonathan L. Cohen Raisa Hebra Murray L. Nathan
Louise G. Collins Drs. David and Deirdre Hensen Claire K. Necker
Dr. and Mrs. William G. Conway Dr. Joseph Q. Heplar Larry Ness
Margery Cornwell Eleanor Herman Mrs. Dorothy Newshan
Rhonda Coulston Amy Hersh Mr. and Mrs. Fred Nives
Dr. Susan Cropper Joan Hesterberg Ronald Nullet
Mrs. Edgar M. Cullman
Robert Cusick
Right: Claudio Campagna directs the WCS Sea and
Mrs. Charles A. Dana, Jr.
Joy Darlington Sky program to protect biodiversity in the southwest-
Countess Emilie de ern Atlantic. He has studied southern elephant seals in
Margaret Della Cioppa Patagonia since the late 1970s.


Kathleen Ritch Marilyn G. Schroeder Marie Streno Teresa L. Vincent
Anthony Rohr Patricia Scimeca Phyllis Strickler John and Victoria Walker
Ann Rosche Dot Selinger and Michael Moskovis Patricia Stryker Marjory S. Walters
Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Rose Holly Shafer Dave Stutey Fanny E. Warburg
Lynn Rosenfeld Barry A. Shapiro Susanne Suba-Bloch Mary E. Warters
Barbara Rosenthal Norma Gudin Shaw Audrey J. Sutton Mr. and Mrs. Douglas P. Warwick
Jacqueline Rossi Binkley and Paula Shorts Karen J. Swope Marshall Weinberg
Linda Rothstein Sheila Siderman and Jerry Palin John J. Symansky Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Weiss
Norma E. Rugg Fred Siemer Peggy J. Taleho Miriam Weissblum
Dorothy K. Rupp Sharon Kim Siegfriedt and Fran Thomas and Harry Friedman Joel Weisvogel
Loretta Russo Fredric A. Silberman David B. and Muriel B. Tischler Lucille Werlinich
Steven E. Sanderson Kenneth L. Smith and Mercele Trudeaux Christine Westerhoff
James E. Scarff Lucia Christopher John H. Tyler, Ph.D. Adrienne P. Wickersham
Peter Schaffer Greta Smith Lorraine Umek Mr. and Mrs. Phillip M. Winegar
Joan Scheier Elissa Sommer Jean van Buuren Betty Winkler
Karin and Patrick Schiavone Ferne Spieler Dr. Hansa van Hove Ward W. Woods, Jr.
Christine Schiavone-McKeon Adrienne Statfeld Dr. and Mrs. Christopher Elizabeth M. Zapp
Joanne Schiller Marilyn Steele Vasillopulos Monica E. Zullo
Rena Schilsky C. Streno Charles O. Vellone Thirty anonymous donors


"// -

6 /Ê  ,-* Amanda Meigher Whitney and Clarke Murphy NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
Blair Metrailler Ellen Niven and Tristram Deery COUNCIL
DINNER BY THE SEA Alix Peck Vanessa and Jeremy O’Friel Judith Hamilton, Co-Chair
Sarah Pendergast Suzanne and Craig Packer Christopher Hockett, Co-Chair
Elizabeth Pyne Betsy and Rob Pitts John D. Goldman, Honorary Chair
Brian J. Heidtke, Chair
Ron Adee Lauren Sbordone Mimi and Lorin Reisner Mr. and Mrs. Richard Bastoni
Marina Belessis-Casoria Georgina Schaeffer Amy and Hartley Rogers Michael W. Bealmear
Bruce Bender Teddy Schiff Charlotte and Ottavio Serena Jayaram Bhat
Dominic A. Capolongo Montserrat Serra-Janner Katherine and Dhiren Shah Ron and Susan Briggs
Trudy Dolley David Slaven Mary Alice and M. David Sherrill Mary S. Boardman
Peter Emerson Margot Streeter Nancy and John Sipp Mr. and Mrs. William N.
Diane Fishman Jud Traphagen Kathleen and Andrew Thomas Bucklin III
Jerry Fishman Taylor Traut Mary Margaret and John Trousdale Mr. and Mrs. Robert Burgess
Sid Gold R. Scott Zenko Kathryn and Bill Tyree C. Diane Christensen
John R. Hearst, Jr. Margie and William Ughetta, Jr. Madeleine and Jerry Cohen
Amy Klein EXPLORERSʼ PARTY Alexis and John Waller Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Dow
Terence J. Mitchell COMMITTEE Liz and Steve Weinstein Stephanie A. Evans
Joshua L. Muss Faith Coolidge, Co-Chair Alison and Dan Weiskopf Astrid Flood
Howard Phipps, Jr. Juliette Janssens, Co-Chair Elizabeth and Philip B. Linda E. Gladstone
Charles Russell Lorie and Paul Adams Weymouth III Mrs. William H. Hamm III
David T. Schiff, ex officio Christina and Anthony Addison Charlotte and John Wickham Dr. and Mrs. Alan Harley
Peter G. Schiff Jackie and Jean Francois Astier Suzy Wolden and Jon Horowitz Kathryn W. Holmes
Victor E. Vientos Rhonda and Robbie Banker Adina and Woody Young Charles Knowles
Ward W. Woods Barbara and Jude Barbera Annette and John Younger Monica M. Krick
Mary and John Bettis William B. McClatchy
Celeste and P. Cornelis Boele
COUNCIL Pamela and Scott Bowman Patricia McGinnis
Devon and Peter Briger
Christopher Manice, Co-Chair Jeff Morgan
Mary Dailey Pattee, Co-Chair Noreen and Ken Buckfire Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas D. Osborne
Diana Townsend- Peri and David Clark, Jr. NEW ENGLAND Anne L. Pattee
Butterworth, Co-Chair Ann and Geoffrey Coley COUNCIL George D. Phipps
John Achenbach Faith and Peter Coolidge Caroline H. Hall, Co-Chair Richard W. Ross
Cristina Alger Elena and John Coumantaros Jodie D. Stevenson, Co-Chair Walter C. Sedgwick
Halsey Anderson Ide and David Dangoor Jean-Marc Berteaux Lance Shoemaker and
Lindsey Andrews Andrea de Cholnoky and Mr. and Mrs. Michael L. Brown James Williams
Anne and George F. Baker IV Scott C. Wilson Alexandra F. Edwards Laurie M. Smith and
Elizabeth Belfer Karen and Marc de Saint Phalle Elizabeth T. Gray Stephen C. Pratt
Melissa Berkelhammer Liete and Mark Eichorn Mrs. Benjamin A. Groves Dr. Marjorie Smith
Gabriela Bockhaus Chrissie and Tolomy Erpf Mr. and Mrs. Frank J. Hallowell Beverly Spector
Stephanie E. K. Borynack Kristen and Stephen Fealy Elizabeth and Dan Harrigan
Lisa Bottomley Libby and Terry Fitzgerald Brad and Beth Hildt SOUTHERN
Camilla K. Bradley Lala and Porter Fleming Mr. and Mrs. Steven Hoch CONNECTICUT COUNCIL
Charles R. Carson, Jr. Cozy and Joseph Friedman Ronnie Kanarek Heather Jervis, Co-Chair
Nicholas Cox Linda and Charles Garnett Jennifer West Lodge Lucinda B. Watson, Co-Chair
Benjamin C. de Menil Blakely and Trey Griggs Sandra L. Manzella and Tom and Kathy Ewald
Cassin Donn Alex Wolf Hamblett and Richard Karoff Mr.and Mrs. Carl S. Forsythe III
Carolina Dorson Mark Hamblett
Mr. and Mrs. E. Lee Perry Mr. and Mrs. Peter L. Getz
W. Malcolm Dorson Paige and Tripp Hardy
Mr. and Mrs. J. Stanley Reeve Mrs. Jean-Paul Gimon
Christine Elia Ann and John Heidenreich
Mr. and Mrs. J. Carry Rich Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey G. Jervis
Molly B. Fahner Jackie and Keith Hennessey
Mr. and Mrs. Jamie Rome Ruth Grace Jervis
Fernanda K. Gilligan Ritchey and David Howe
Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Scott Wayne Jervis III
Colin Haynes Greenspon Sharon and William Jacob
Binkley C. Shorts D. Barry O’Connor
Merrill Hanley Juliette and Mark Janssens
John G. Stevenson Carmiña and Ralph Roth
Nicole Hanley Amanda and Glad Jones
Walter G. Thompson Mrs. Deborah P. Sterling
Victoria Hansen Dayssi and Paul Kanavos
Natalie W. Williams John M.P. Thatcher, III*
Amanda Hearst Sandy and Jim Katzman
Beth and Clarke Keough Frederic Winthrop, Jr. John M.P. Thatcher, IV
Gillian Hearst-Shaw
Lydia Hearst-Shaw Serena and William Lese
Elisabeth Kieselstein-Cord Tamara and Josh Leuchtenburg
Stacey and Keith Locker
Right: Malagasy environmentalist and recording artist
Lauren Leigh Kisner
Gillian Koenig Leslie and Thomas Maheras Sarovy writes, sings, and teaches songs about the
Harrison LeFrak Joy and Charles McLendon, Jr.
Valerie and Stuart Mogul
environment to village youngsters in the rainforests of
Helena C. Martinez
Alexander Mears Hee-Jung and John Moon Masoala and Makira, both WCS field sites.

WCS StaffÊ>˜`ÊÃÜVˆ>ÌiÃ
*, - / Pathology Dex Ott, Director, Design David Powell, Assistant
Steven E. Sanderson, President D McAloose, Department Head Management Curator, Hoofstock
and Chief Executive Officer Carlos E. Rodriguez, Julie White, Walter Deichmann, Creative Rebecca Chapnick, Office Manager
Gail Sheldon, Chief of Staff Associate Pathologists Director, Exhibits Marietta Kalk, Claudia Wilson,
Alfred Ngbokoli, Laboratory Shane LeClair, Senior Collection Managers
Project Designer
7  Ê
" - ,6/" Ê Supervisor Bryan Robidas, Supervisor
 -//1/ Daniel Friedman, Histotechnician Nanette Gran, E. Stephen Melley, Glenn Fergason, Michael Gormaley,
Brian Morrissey, Project Managers Brenda Kramer, Nicole Rella,
Kent H. Redford, Vice Patricia Walsh, Pathology
President and Director Technician Sara Tsiropinas, Junior Jason Rowe, Assistant Supervisors
Architectural Designer
Eva Fearn, Assistant Director Melissa Czajikowski, WCS/ Robert Terracuso, Kris Theis,
Cornell Resident Tonya Edwards, Jennifer Lee, Primary Wild Animal Keepers
John Fraser, Director, Public Senior Landscape Designers
Research and Evaluation Program Ralph Aversa, Michelle Blatz,
Field Veterinary Program Kitty Dolan, Gilbert Gordian,
Margaret Kinnaird, Senior Exhibit Production
Conservation Ecologist William Karesh, Director and Jr., Loraine Hershonik, Vanessa
Chief of Party of GAINS Gary Smith, Assistant Director Jones, Florence Klecha, Kathleen
Jessica Sickler, Research Associate Matthew Aarvold, MacLaughlin, Douglas Mase,
Angela Yang, Program Manager
Catherine Grippo, Assistant Supervisor Joan McCabe-Parodi, Jeffrey
Program Assistant Colin Woodward, Technician/ Munson, Karen Napolitano,
Logistics Coordinator Derek Haffar, Senior
Exhibit Specialist Phillip Reiser, Gerard Stark,
Helen Lee, Program Coordinator Jose Vasquez, Martin Zybura,
6 Ê -//1/" - Lauren Anker, Christian John
Erika Alandia, Erik Eulert, Dallett, Brian Donnelly, Senior Wild Animal Keepers
LIVING INSTITUTIONS Community Outreach Carolyn Fuchs, Katherine Avril Armstrong, Adele Barone,
Veterinarians McLeod, Deborah Simon, Anthony Buffill, Wendy Canino,
Africa: Ken Cameron, Alain Exhibit Specialists Lacy Clifford, Katherine
Robert A. Cook, Senior Vice D’Andrea, Emily Davidson,
Ondzie, Field Veterinarians; Ruth Marshall, Exhibit Sculptor
President and General Director Dawn Davis, Robert Dempsey,
Michael D. Kock, Associate Field
James J. Breheny, Vice President Veterinarian; Patricia E. Reed, Brian DiGirolamo, Juliet Elkins,
Interpretive Programs
and Director, Bronx Zoo Assistant Field Veterinarian; David Fernandez, Carlos Flores,
Sonal Bhatt, Assistant Director Joel Forgione, Mary Gentile,
John A. Gwynne, Vice President Baudelaire Zorine Nkouantsi,
and Chief Creative Officer Wildlife Health Specialist; Issa Jessica Bicknell, Exhibit Developer Amy Golden, Mary Gremler,
Denise McClean, Assistant Bedjabaga, Lab Technician Sarah Werner, Media Coordinator Daphne Guzman, Carol
Director, Administration Asia: Martin Gilbert, Assistant Field & Exhibit Developer Henger, Danielle Hessel, Lauren
of City Zoos Veterinarian, Stephane Ostrowksi, Hinson, Cindy Maur, Joanne
Ecosystem Health Manager Graphic Design McGillycuddy, Kate McMahon,
Marion Merlino, Michelle Medina, Elizabeth
Executive Assistant Latin America: Carolina Marull, and Production
Sarah Hezel, Assistant Director Metzger, Elizabeth Mills, Katie
Michelle Midea, Beverly Wildlife Health Fellow; Rodolfo Mokkosian, Brandon Moore,
Moss, Secretaries Nallar Gutierrez, Marcela M. Zipora Fried, Kimio Honda, Douglas Morea, Keri Nugent,
Uhart, Field Veterinarians Sharon Kramer Loew, Creative Rebecca Pearce, Jonathan Perez,
Project Development Scott Newman, Wildlife Directors, Graphics Noel Perriello, Hope Pinckney,
Thea Feldman, Creative Writer Health Advisor, UN FAO Richard Orlosky, Senior Brian Putman, Nancy Rogers,
Steven Osofsky, Senior Policy Graphic Designer Amy Ryan, Chris Salemi, Sabrina
Bronx Zoo Library Advisor, Wildlife Health Nancy Fischer, Vanah Harris, Adi Squillari, Monika Stroeber,
Steve Johnson, Manager Damien Joly, Senior Science Mendler, Joshua Weitzman, Anneke van Renesse, Heather
Robert Olley, Information Advisor, Epidemiology Graphic Designers Tassler, Nate Thompson, Patricia-
Services Librarian Andrae Cezair, Sue Cha, Ann Vierling, Cathy Vitale, Kelly
GAINS: Kristine Smith, Field Wallis, Mike Wrubel, Rebecca
Veterinarian; Barbara Perez- Jennifer Dolland, Junior
WILDLIFE HEALTH SCIENCES Graphic Designers Zenowich, Wild Animal Keepers
Reid, Program Assistant; Eric
Paul Calle, Acting Director, Hively, GIS/Data Coordinator; Paul Heyer, Manager, Matthew Vara, Supervising
Zoological Health Programs Miklos Takacs, Website Exhibit Production Park Maintainer
Joanne Valletta, Office Manager Coordinator; Jessica Grillo, Nelson Then, Manager, James Musano, Park Maintainer
Susan Cardillo, Lisa Eidlin, Program Manager; Darin Collins, Graphic Production and
Asia Field Veterinarian; Robert Computer Systems Ornithology
Hospital Supervisors
Thomson, Asia Bird Specialist Christine Sheppard, Curator
Deborah F. Harris, Pathology & Kim Wagner, Production
Clinical Records Secretary EXHIBITION DESIGN AND Coordinator Nancy Clum, Assistant Curator
GRAPHIC ARTS (EGAD) Christopher Maune, Supervisor, Mary Evans, Departmental
Clinical Care Graphic Production Assistant
Paul Calle, Stephanie B. John Gwynne, Vice President
and Chief Creative Officer George Oberhofer, William Marcia Arland, Collection Manager
James, Bonnie Raphael, Rios, Graphic Specialists
Senior Veterinarians Susan Chin, Director, Mark Hofling, Mary Iorizzo,
Planning and Design Assistant Supervisors
Robert Moore, Associate Global Design
Clinical Veterinarian Eileen Cruz-Minnis, Assistant Chad Seewagen,
Katherine Lemcke, Project Ornithology Intern
Heidi Zurawka, WCS Director, EGAD Administration Coordinator
Clinical Resident Rumit Mehta, Program Patricia Cooper, Gigi Giacomara,
Administrator BRONX ZOO Nancy Gonzalez, Susan Leiter,
Tim Georoff, WCS/Cornell Alana O’Sullivan, Yvetta Pokorny,
Clinical Resident Patricia White, Executive Assistant James J. Breheny, Vice
President and Director Jeremy Sanders, Emily Stevinson,
Pamela Manning Torres, Veterinary Anne Rice, Project Assistant Brian Tierney, Paul Zabarauskas,
Technician Supervisor Denise Delgado, Linda Wied, Executive Assistant Senior Wild Animal Keepers
Karen Ingerman, Justin X. Department Assistant Bronx Zoo Animal Programs Alisa Behar, Kristi Bruce, Jeannine
Nowowiejski, Donna Stringer, Matilda Mora, Office Clerk Patrick R. Thomas, General Curator Correa, Margaret Deeney, Myra
Veterinary Technicians Dremeaux, James, Gottleib,
Dolores Sanginito, Architecture, Exhibit Mammalogy Shanna Hall, Tasha Hook,
Clinical Secretary Design Production Colleen McCann, Curator, Primates Michael Houlihan, Ken Huth,


Tim Mohl, Trina Puglia, Juan Patricia Ortiz, Kim Smith, Luke Bronx Zoo Security Cushin, Joseph Corry, Lawrence
Romero, Ramsay Thom, Debra Torres, Wild Animal Keepers Edward Cooney, Manager, Security D’Erasmo, Robert Gonzalez,
Wolfe, Beth Wetherhold, Alfred Hart, John Illenye,
Animal Management Services Raynor Mattson, Assistant Manager Gregory Kalmanowitz, Jose
Wild Animal Keepers
Nilda Ferrer, Curator and Registrar Jeff Grahn, Kennedy Martinez, Ramon Mendoza,
Herpetology Samuels, Supervisors Alison Modeste, Tarique
Helen Basic, Anne Rockmore, Mohammed, Winston Newton,
Jennifer Pramuk, Curator Luis Barreto, Steven Carr, Steven
Animal Records Specialists Nicholas Perrone, Nelson
Gail Bonsignore, Pippa, Gregory Upshaw, James
Mariluz Vazquez, Data and Williams, Park Maintainers Prado, Robert Santarelli,
Supervising Secretary Technical Support Assistant Renzo Scarazzini, Edward
William Holmstrom, Haseeb Baksh, Jimmy Barreto, Scholler, Nathaniel Torres,
Carmen Guzman, Animal Ivonne Collazo, Weston
Collection Manager Shipping Coordinator Carlos Year, Park Maintainers
Hill, Barbara Laureano, Noel
Paul Kmiotek, Senior Martinez, Ceaser Montenegro,
Wild Animal Keeper Pest Control Maintenance
Bernardo Nelson, Jesus Padilla,
Joseph Abene, Alyssa Borek, Anthony Boodoo, Manager, Frank Suarino, Assistant Director
Maribel Perez, Robert Rosario,
Brandon Casey, Melissa Mohring, Pest Control Donald Thompson, Alexandre Winston Williams, Manager
Wild Animal Keepers Azaad Gaffar, Pest Control Vazquez, Ralph Zamboli, Wayne Harris, Park Foreman
Assistant Manager Assistant Park Maintainers Johnnie Ferreira, Supervising
Special Animal Exhibits: Park Attendant
Sergio Rivera, Joseph White, Construction
Childrenʼs Zoo, Butterfly Pest Control Applicator Anthony Corvino, Supervising
Garden, Animal Rides, Kenneth Hutchinson, Director Park Maintainers
Tractable Animals Animal Commissary Jon Dohlin, Paul Skarbowski, Raquel Camacho,
Craig Gibbs, Curatorial Joseph Briller, Manager Project Managers Administrative Assistant
Science Fellow Moruf Egbo, Michael Marano, Nora Ramos, Operations Juan Semidei, Jr., John Tralongo,
John Scarola, Operations Supervisor Senior Wild Animal Keepers Administrator Zoo Park Maintainers
Ruth Iannuzzi, Diana Alfredo Hernandez, Michael Rafael Adorno, Joel,
Tancredi, Supervisors Cruz, Wild Animal Keepers Annuziato, William Castro,
John Duke, Assistant Director Jr., Orlando Figueroa,
Diana Belich, James Dauterman, John Andrew King,
Stephanie Derkasch, Shakira Park Maintainer Michael Santomaso, Manager Gabriel Gomez, Santos Gonzalez,
Paula, Assistant Supervisors Laurel Toscano, Administrative Othniel Gulley, Mary Martin,
Quincy Banks, Guillermo
Assistant, Operations Shops Jose Raul Rivera, Michael
Mary Bynon, Margaret Deeny, Guzzman, Assistant
Parmanand Kesraj, Anthony Sbarbori, Justin Smith,
Melanie Lumba, Jennifer Oi, Park Maintainers
Assistant Park Maintainers
Laino, Thomas Reilly, Louis
Scandole, Michael Scott, Sanjev Maria Maldonado,
Seodas, Marconi St. Hill, Robert Senior Attendant
Jennifer Pramuk was named Curator of Herpetology Stillwell, Nathaniel Torres, John Bruno, Jr., Migdalia Cordero,
Supervising Park Maintainers Maria Estrada, Roberto Figueroa,
at the Bronx Zoo. Her specialty is amphibians, particu-
Walter Almodovar, James Byrne, Jose A. Garcia, Jeanette Goines,
larly Latin American frogs. Benedetto Cardillo, Francis Gilbert Green, Porfirio Gutierrez,


Keith Harris, Demond Jones, Rosenthal, Park Maintainers Pamela Haynes, Melissa Petersen, Cangley, Supervisors,
Sonia Kalmanowitz, Louis Kevin Bermeo, Ivonne Lopez, Lloyd Laboratory Technicians Buildings and Grounds
Landi, Carmen Montalvo, Pearson, Premchad Ramgoriah, Patricia Toledo, Assistant Robert Caraballo, Frances Cantone,
Manuel Moura, Mildonia Assistant Park Maintainers Laboratory Technician Derrick Coleman, José Gonzalez,
Nunez, Jose Palacios, Gerard Mary Messing, Administrative Jarod Hagan, Peter Inesti, Tonya
Palinkas, Raymond Quaglia, NEW YORK AQUARIUM Assistant, Librarian Johnson, Ed Lebron, Henry
Niurka Ramos, Maria Ramos, Cynthia Reich, Deputy Director Lighty, Alicia Shannon, Stanley
Dick Blankfein, Dive Safety
Marta Rivera, Victor Rodriguez, Officer, Volunteer Dive Wasserman, Attendants
Joan Shovlin, Rebecca Williams,
Pedro Velez, Eduardo Vidal, Project Assistants Program; Animal Husbandry Janis Robinson,
Raymond Zelenka, Attendants Volunteer Coordinator Administrative Assistant
Manuel Garcia, Supervising Animal Programs Tonya Thomas, Clerk
Motor Vehicle Operator David DeNardo, General Operations and Maintenance
George Izquierdo, Luigi Curator and Director of Dennis Ethier, Director, Security
Marricco, Ralph Maston, Animal Operations Operations, Facilities, and Sal DeFeo, Security Manager
Motor Vehicle Operators Paul Sieswerda, Aquarium Curator Exhibit Fabrication Joseph Knowles III,
Paul Loiselle, Curator, Melvin Pettit, Manager, Facilities Assistant Manager
Freshwater Fishes John Moore, Kenneth Prichett, Carlos Martinez, Supervisor
Michael Henry, Manager, Ralph Ramos, William Sheehan,
Martha Hiatt, Supervisor, Samuel Black, Owen Mayhew,
Electric Services David Sheurich, Michael Tine,
Behavioral Husbandry Kenton Spence, Park Maintainers
Alfred Jensen, Supervisor Supervising Park Maintainers
Guenter Skammel, Senior Trainer Michael Antonelli, Diana Barreto,
Mark Anderson, Dave Bailey, Michael Budney, Richard Bullen,
Janeen Gleason, Kristin Richard Jarus, Louis Parker,
Farouk Baksh, Hervan Brown, Richard DiStefano, Raul
Gragnano, Joanne Sottile, Michael Wallace, Hector Weir,
Roopnarine Maharaj, Edwin Nick Visscher, Trainers Domenech, John Dougherty,
Alfred Escalera, Michael Assistant Park Maintainers
Otero, Keith Reynolds,
Park Maintainers Michael Morgano, Hans Facciolo, Winstrol Hosein,
Walters, Supervisors Admissions and Parking
Timothy Magee, Fitz-Albert
Horticulture JoAnne Basinger, Frank Reynolds, Tony Vargas, Woodrow Joseph Minieri, Manager
Ray Oladapo-Johnson, Curator Greco, Leslie Leffler, Wayne Weir, Park Maintainers Joeanne Dudley, Supervisor
Stempler, Senior Keepers Patti Blydenburgh, Joyce Florence Goldberg, Ticket Agent
Wayne Bourdette, Manager
Nicole Ethier, Stephanie Mitchell,
Gregory Smith, Supervisor Paul Moylett, Lora Murphy,
James Coelho, Stuart Goldstein, Nicole Pisciotta, Sal Puglia,
Robert Herkommer, David Hyde, Ellen Spencer, Jessica Trantham, Below: Assistant Park Maintainer Premchand Ramgoria
Juan Albert Peralta, Gardeners Thomas Wippenbeck, Keepers and Gardener David Hyde help install new plantings
James Burns, Paul Fialkovic, Catherine McClave,
Anthony Quaglia, David Laboratory Manager for the June opening of the Bronx Zooʼs Astor Court.


Science Programs Assistant Park Maintainers Barbara Fung, Ira Goldman, Leslie Schneider, Coordinator,
Diana Reiss, Senior Research Sonia Colon, Joanna Kittler, Susan Makower, David Morales, Friends of the Zoo
Scientist, Marine Mammal Sookiah Maharaj, Celvis Rock, Samaly Pastor, James Putnam- Ilyssa Gillman, Manager, Program
Research Program Ticket Agents/Cashiers Efthimiou, Mark Quadrozzi, Erin Development and Instruction
Rosebrock, Thomas Seals, Andrea
Ronald Griffith, Senior Instructor
Kathryn Atkins, Secondary
Luz M. Diaz, Administrative Patricia Cole, Assistant Nina Palmer-Sweeney,
Assistant Director/Curator Veterinary Technician
Francesca Cristofaro, Ami Dobelle,
Beverly Moss, Secretary Betty Allen, Senior Secretary
Operations and Maintenance Katie Doherty, Gabrielle
Noemi Medina, Receptionist Kushner, Christopher MacKay,
Animal Programs Bob Gavlik, Director, City
Zoos Operations Elementary Instructors
Animal Programs Dominick Dorsa, Supervisor
Jeffrey Blatz, Assistant Manager Erin Prada, Distance
Jeffrey Sailer, Curator Nicole Shelmidine, Learning Instructor
Yula Kapetanakos, Assistant Curator Assistant Supervisor Rafael Genao, Bo Yang Tian,
Eugene Texeira, Park Maintainer Kathleen LaMattina, Education
Bruce Foster, Collection Manager Katie Boyce, Jennifer Skelley, Programs Liaison
Leslie Steele, Frances Verna, Orlando Colon, Assistant
Anthony Brownie, Supervisor Senior Wild Animal Keepers Cayra Carroll, Divisional
Park Maintainer
Charles Braun, Heather Administrative Assistant
Gwen Cruz, Crystal Dimiceli, Carol White, Supervising Attendant
Gordon, Robert Gramzay, Victoria DiPaolo, Hulya Israfil, Patricia Berry, Administrative
Kristine Keating, Senior Krishna Dookran, Myriam Assistant
Astra Kalodukas, Dennis Martinez, Johanny Salcedo,
Wild Animal Keepers
Maroulas, Atu Marshall, Fran Yvonne Morgan, Program Registrar
Celia Ackerman, Michelle Acosta, Carlos Valentin, Attendants
Moghab, Denielle Muoio, Jeanine Silversmith, Project
Richard Camilli, Priyangani De Wild Animal Keepers
Soyza, Tumeca Gittens, Alexander Horticulture Advisor, Teens for Planet Earth
Karen Wone, Veterinary Technician Todd J. Comstock, Manager Judith Unis, Project Coordinator,
Humphreys, Luis Jimenez,
Raymond Maguire, Melissa John McBride, Assistant Teens for Planet Earth
Operations and Maintenance
Mason, Amaury Quiñones, Horticulturist Ann Robinson, Program
John Roderick, Gretchen Bob Gavlik, Director, City
Coordinator, SPARKS
Stoddard, Wild Animal Keepers Zoos Operations
Security and Admissions across America
David Autry, Life Support Tom McGrath, Manager
Vince Capobianco, Manager
Systems Technician Stephen O’Shea, Assistant Manager NEW YORK AQUARIUM
Jose Rosado, Assistant Manager
Bernadine Leahy, Senior Evelyn Alexander, Secretary EDUCATION
Paul Gerasimczyk, Supervisor
Veterinary Technician Oscar Ceron, Reginald Merryl Kafka, Curator
McKenzie, Norbett Wescott, Paul Fairall, Giovanni Franco,
Leonard Golino, Anthony Mark, Lisa Mielke, Assistant Curator
Operations and Maintenance Park Maintainers
Garfield McEachron, Carlton Robert Cummings,
Bob Gavlik, Director, City Wayne Peters, Supervising
Zoos Operations Nelson, Rafael Nieves, William Senior Instructor
Attendant Rosado, Dhandeo Shankar, Allan
Igor Labutov, Manager Kimberly Acevedo,
Selwyn Ramnaidu, Chaitram Taylor, Assistant Park Maintainers Volunteer Coordinator
Mong Lee, Assistant Manager, Singh, Assistant Park Maintainers Tina Anderson, Joanne Crespo, Melissa Carp, Corey
City Zoos Systems Specialist Elizabeth Chotalal, Luis Cruz, Angustella Zeko, Ticket Agents Neiderhauser, Instructors
Edwina Jackson, Secretary Stacey Cummings, Donell
Gatling, Eisha Johnson, Desiree DeToy, Coordinator,
Michael Nedd, Marlon Ragbir,
Supervising Park Maintainers Ernesto Ortiz, Attendants 6,"  /Ê Outreach Services
/" Ê Maria Zampella, Secretary
Arkady Gutman, Alistair
Horticulture Sara Hobel, Vice President Polly Catanzaro, Reservationist
Johnson, Alvin Sookoo, Jose
Torres, Park Maintainers Todd J. Comstock, Manager
Wayne Martin, Supervising
Attendant Ken Norris, Manager Donald C. Lisowy, Curator EDUCATION
Santa Alequin, Joshua Doval, Joanne Carrillo, Supervisor Mary DeRosa, Manager, Robert Sikora, Curator
Crystal Kinlaw, Audrey Support Services Jonathan Ellers, Senior Instructor,
Wilbert Barton, Lemmuel
McAllister, Nixon Nedd, Brummell, Milton Cameron, M. Kathryn Langworthy, Divisional Theater Coordinator
Nimia Ortiz, Geraldo Peralta, Harold Davis, Paul DeJesus, Manager, Administration Nicole Greevy, Bonnie Bromberg,
Tyrone Pinkney, Lakisha Terry, Rogelio Dickens, Michael General Audience and School Performing Instructors,
Karnen Veerapen, Attendants Fazzino, Vincent Ferguson, Group Programs, Graduate Onsite Coordinators; Alison
Patrick Osagie, Romualdo Internships, Teacher Training, Saltz, Performing Instructor,
Horticulture Vasquez, Milton Williams, Offsite Coordinator
and Curriculum Development
Todd J. Comstock, Manager, Assistant Park Maintainers Jane Donnelly, Volunteer
City Zoos Horticulture Thomas Naiman, Director,
Lola Chung, Jennifer Soto, Curriculum Development and Coordinator
Ingrida Knets, Assistant Suheilee Vasquez, Ticket Agents International Education Programs Julia Jelassi, Secretary and Registrar
QUEENS ZOO Jennell Ives, Assistant Director,
National Programs PROSPECT PARK ZOO
Security and Admissions Scott Silver, Assistant
Sydell Schein, Manager, EDUCATION
Stephen Carey, Manager Director/Curator
Program Services Karen Tingley, Curator
Frank Cangiarella, John Geist, Animal Programs
Assistant Managers Lee Livney, Manager, Audrey Lucas, Community
Paulette Soto, Administrative Federal Grants & Distance Outreach Coordinator
Fitzroy Neufville, Park Maintainer Assistant Learning Program
John Bohan, Felito Cuevas, Carlton Donna-Mae Graffam, Supervisor QUEENS ZOO EDUCATION
Davidson, Alberto Gonzalez, Ana Laborde, Nalini Mohan,
Mark Hall, Assistant Supervisor International Teacher Trainers/ Thomas Hurtubise, Curator
John Joseph, Marilyn Maldonado,
Frederic k Miller, Nestor Morera, Marcy Farley, Marcos Garcia, Curriculum Specialists Monica Negron, Secretary
Jaime Pagan, Everton Pearson, Dana Vasquez, Raul Vasquez, Tom Frankie, Nancy and Registrar
Rob Sutherland, Christopher Senior Wild Animal Keepers Schwartz, Shellye Valauskas, Jessica Lissow, Community
Todd, Ramanen Veerapen, Heath Bruscato, Kelly Carman, Teacher Trainers Outreach Coordinator


" Ê
" - ,6/" Additional Staff: Steve Blake, Nadya Raharitsimba Heritiana, China
John Robinson, Executive Vice Cartagena, Christina Connolly, Christopher Holmes, Jean Yan Xie, Langhua Du, Youcai
President for Conservation and Fiona Maisels, David Moyer, Guy Jacques Jaozandry, James Du, Youmei Du, Aili Kang,
Science, Joan O. L. Tweedy Picton-Phillips, Monica Wrobel MacKinnon, Cesaire Eve Li, Lishu Li, Shengbiao
Chair in Conservation Strategy Ramilison, Andriambololona Li, Donna Xiao, Zirong Li,
Cameroon Nirina Randimby, Luccianie Wei Wang, Xiang Zhou
Josh Ginsberg, Vice President, Jackson Betty Amouko, Marc Raonison, Vanessa Aliniaina
Conservation Operations Billong, Albert Ekinde, Bernard Rasoamampianina, Nirina India
Matthew Hatchwell, Fosso, Roger Fotso, Marie Odile Oliva Rasoamandimby, Ullas Karanth, Arjun Gopalaswamy,
European Coordinator Kabeyene, Adimana Kilanga, Andriamandimbisoa Jagkish Krishnaswamy, Ajith
Senior Conservationists: Cynthia Lai, Hyacinth Mboh, Razafimpahanana Kumar, Samba Kumar
William Conway, Maurice Anthony Nchanji Chifu, Comfort
Hornocker, Bill Weber Ndah Ndom, Mbalnoudji Nigeria Indonesia
Additional Staff: Sandra Ngodjo Ndodjim, Aaron Jonas Attah, Andrew Dunn, Harry Alexander, Noviar Andayani,
Comte, Kate Mastro, Todd Nicholas, David Nzouango, Inaoyom Imong, Paul Mbia, Aslan, Nick Brickle, Bonie
Olson, Amy Pokempner Jean Bosco Pouomegne Ernest Mkpe, Michael Dewantara, Edison, David
Moki, Louis Nkonyu, Gaveau, Donny Gunaryadi, Iwan
Program Development: Central Africa Republic John Oates, Mark Otu
Susan Tressler, Associate Hunowu, Leswarawati, Dwi
Andrea Turkalo Nugroho, Meyner Nusalawo,
Director, Rachel Vinyard Rwanda
Frida Mindasari Saanin, Stephen
Foundations of Success: Richard Republic of Congo Nsengiyunva Barakabuye, Siwu, John Tasirin, Hariyo
Margoluis, Nick Salafsky, Shane Abeare, Jim Beck, Connie Rubayita Claude, Mulindahabi Wibisono, Prianto Wibowo
Directors; Marcia Brown, Clark, Bryan Curran, Paul Felix, Ian Munanura, Sentama
Janice Davis, Caroline Stem, Elkan, Sarah Elkan, Joy Ferrante, Vedaste, Hakizimana Vincent Lao PDR
Vinaya Swaminathan Norbert Gami, Mark Gately, Chris Hallam, Troy Hansel,
Species Survival Commission, Richard Malonga, Nazaire Tanzania
Michael Hedemark, Arlyne
IUCN: Holly Dublin, Chair Massamba, Germaine Mavah, Peter Coppolillo, Nuhu Daniel, Johnson, Jim Johnston, Alex
Vincent Medjibe, Jerome Tim Davenport, Daniela de McWilliam, Souvany Oumany,
LIVING LANDSCAPES Mokoko, David Morgan, Luca, Sarah Durant, Charles Bounthavi Phommachanh,
Eric Sanderson, David Genevieve Ondongo Ndinga, Foley, Lara Foley, Sylvanus Akchousanh Rasphone,
Wilkie, Directors Colby Prevost, John Poulsen, Kimiti, Ersato Lameck, Sophy Santi Saypanya, Phonevanh
Jane Carter Ingram, Leticia Hugo Rainey, Crickette Sanz, Machaga, Bakari Mbano, Noah Sinthammavong, Kelly
Orti, Assistant Directors Emma Stokes, Paul Telfer, Hilde Mpunga, Ayubu Msago, Linus Spence, Renae Stenhouse,
Van Leeuwe, Moise Zoniaba Munishi, Haruna Sauko, Festo Soumalie Sygnavong, Soulisak
Additional Staff: Tim Bean,
Semanini, Sammuel Sikombe Vannalath, Duangphet
Scott Bergen, Gosia Bryja, Democratic Republic
Karl Didier, Jessica Forrest, Vannavong, Venevongphet
Of Congo Uganda
Karen Minkowski, Erika
Fidele Amsini, Ellen Brown, Sam Ayebare, Scovia Kobusingye, Malaysia
Reuter, Samantha Strindberg
Leonard Chihenguza, Floribert Alastair McNeilage, Simon Shiek Leng Boon, Cynthia
SCIENCE AND Bujo Dhego, John Hart, Nampindo, Grace Nangendo, Chin, Melvin Gumal, Jason
Benjamin Ntumba Kaciela, William Olupot, Isaiah Hon, Norhayani Jalaweh, John
EXPLORATION Owiunji, Andrew J Plumptre
George Schaller, Vice President, Emmanuel Kayumba, Deo Mathai, Michael Meredith,
Ella Milbank Foshay Chair Kujirakwinja, Guy Mbayma, Wegess Midok, Nural Azura
Jean-Remy Makana, Jacob Zambia
in Wildlife Conservation Mohd Naim, Sylvia Ng,
Madidi, Boni Nyembo, Raymond Whyteson Daka, Dale Lewis, Kelawing Jok Ngau, Joshua
Alan Rabinowitz, Paluku, Baraka Othep, Robert Makando Kabila, Mike Pandong, June Rubis, Jephte
Executive Director Mwinyihali, Richard Tshombe Matokwani, Malambo Sompud, Nurulhuda Zakaria
Additional Staff: Ricardo Boulhosa, Moonga, Handsen Mseteka,
Kathleen Conforti, Michael Fay, Gabon Ruth Nabuyanda, Charles Mongolia
Bart Harmsen, Andrea Heydlauff, Kate Abernethy, Bruno Baert, Ngoma, John Nyirenda,James Amanda Fine, Losolmaa Jambal,
Luke Hunter, Leonardo Maffei, Romain Calaque, Nerissa Phiri, Bennett Siachoone, Ochirkhuyag Lkhamjav,
Katherine Marieb, Tim O’Brien, Chao, Eric Chehoski, Josie Nemiah Tembo Odonchimeg Nyamtseren,
John Polisar, Scott Silver, John Demmer, Julian Easton, Angela Chimedtseren Oldokh,
Thorbjarnarson, Nicole Williams ASIA
Formia, Georges de Gersigny, Kirk Olson, Bolortsetseg
Kath Jeffrey, Louise Hurst, Colin Poole, Director Sanjaa, Agizul Sosor, Susann
CONSERVATION POLICY Olly Hymas, Tomo Nishihara, Peter Clyne, Peter Zahler, Townsend, Ann Winters
Linda Krueger, Director Isabelle Orbell, Nigel Orbell, Assistant Directors
Ray Victurine, Associate Rich Parnell, Malcolm Starkey, Additional Staff: Nawang Eden, Myanmar
Director, Finance Ruth Starkey, Matt Steil, Paul Rose King, Lisa Yook Daw Bibiana Chit, Will
Elizabeth Bennett, Director, Telfer, Jean-Pierre van de Weghe, Duckworth, Daw San San Htay,
Hunting & Wildlife Trade; Lee White, Alden Whittaker Afghanistan U Saw Htun, U Win Ko Ko, U
Additional Staff: Scott Roberton, Inayat Ali, Alex Dehgan, Peter Kyaw Thinn Latt, U Than Myint,
Vietnam, Lauren Terwilliger Ivory Coast Bowles, Zabihullah Ejlasi, Daw Khin Myo Myo, Daw Myint
Bushmeat Crisis Task Force: Akoi Kouadio Inayatullah Farahmand, Myint Oo, U Saw Htoo Tha Po,
Heather Eves, Director, Natalie Shafiq Fedayee, Stephane U Htun Shaung, Daw Myint
Kenya Ostrowski, Haqiq Rahmani, Thida, U Zaw Win, U Than Zaw
Bailey, Assistant Director
Stephanie Dolrenry, Steven Qais Sahar, Kara Stevens
TRAINING AND Ekwanga, Laurence Frank, Pakistan
Leela Hazzah, Anthony ole Cambodia Mayoor Khan
Kasanga, Seamus Maclennan, Hong Chamnan, Song
Will Banham, Associate Director Alayne Mathieson, James ole Chansocheat, Tom Clements, Papua New Guinea
Additional Staff: Romina Capelli, Putanoi, Rosie Woodroffe Tom Evans, Ashish John, Nhem Frank Clarke, Banak Gamui,
Lynn Duda, Kate Mastro Sok Heng, Long Kheng, Pet Paul Igag, Jephat Kol, Anna
Madagascar Phaktra, Khiev Rithy Phoin, Koki, Leo Legra, Andrew Mack,
AFRICA Lantoniaina Andriamampianina, Edward Pollard, Heng Sambath, Miriam Supuma, Debra Wright
James Deutsch, Director Aristide Andrianarimisa, Tao Sarath, Tan Setha, Men
Graeme Patterson, Kirstin Rahary Olga Andriantsoa, Soriyun, Heng Sovannara, Martin Russia
Siex, Assistant Directors Nicolas Blondel, Norolalaina Tyson, Sun Visal, Joe Walston John Goodrich, Natalia Karp,


Senior Veterinarian Bonnie Raphael, field scientist Eric Eulert, Leticia Faldín, Carolyn Miller, América
Amanda García, Ingrid Gironda, Rodríguez, Victor Hugo
Rosie Woodroffe, and General Curator Patrick Thomas Kantuta Lara, Oscar Loayza, Ramos, Julieta Carrión De
administer canine distemper vaccine to a wild dog. Alfonso Llobet, Leo Maffei, Samudio, Rafael Samudio
Guido Miranda, Rossy Montaño,
Rodolfo Nallar, Andrew Noss, Peru
Lilian Painter, Michael Painter, Miguel Antunez, Richard Bodmer,
Nikolai Kazakov, Alexei Kostyria, Argentina Omar Rocha, Linda Rosas, Roxana Pezo, Pablo Puertas
Trond Lovdal, Vladimir Felicity Arengo, Ricardo Baldi, Damián Rumiz, Elvira Salinas,
Melnikov, Dale Miquelle, Teddy Siles, Robert Wallace Venezuela
Dee Boersma, Maria José Bolgeri,
John Paczkowski, Tanya José Ignacio Bonaccorso, Claudio Isaac Goldstein, Félix Daza,
Perova, Nikolai Reebin, Ivan Chile Carolina Bertsch
Campagna, Silvia Chalukian,
Serodkin, Svetlana Soutryina Valeria Falabella, Esteban Frere, Rodolfo Alarcón, Cristóbal Briceño,
Mauricio Chacón, Luis Escalona, MARINE
Martin Funes, Ana Carla Galli,
Thailand Patricia Gandini, Alejandro Paola Etchegaray, Javier Gómez, Cheri Recchia, Director
Lamthai Arsanork, Thongbai Gonzalez, Graham Harris, Roberto Medina, Custodio Liz Lauck, Assistant Director
Charoendong, Manat Inchum, Patricia Harris, Luis Jacome, Millán, Claudio Moraga, Additional Staff: Barbara
Pornkamol Jomburom, Nont Santiago Krapovickas, Juan Anthony Muñoz, Ricardo Muza, Newman, Sarah Pacyna
Keawwan, Petch Manopawitr, Masello, Patricia Marconi, Bárbara Saavedra, Juan Sotomayor
Panomporn Patithus, Puntipa Rob McGill, Andrés Novaro, Global/Regional
Pattanakaew, Anak Pattanavibool, Flavio Quintana, Adrian Colombia Andrew Baker, Salvatore Cerchio,
Yossawadee Rakpongpan, Schiavini, Alejandro Vila, Susan Darío Correa, Carolina Tim Collins, Charlotte de
Jiraporn Teampanpong, Walker, Pablo Yorio, Carolina Gómez, Gustavo Kattan, Fontaubert, Daniel Erickson,
Mayuree Umponjan, Zambruno, Victoria Zavattieri Carolina Murcia, Vladimir Rachel Graham, Tim
Kwanchai Waitanyakarn Rojas, Carlos Valderrama McClanahan, Nyawira Muthiga,
Brazil Howard Rosenbaum, Brian Smith
Regional Ana Rita Alves, Martha Argel, Ecuador
Ricardo Boulhosa, Sandra Adriana Burbano, Mauricio Bangladesh
Etienne Delattre, Simon Hedges,
Antony Lynam, Madhu Rao Cavalcanti, Valéria Guimarães, Castillo, Gloria Figueiredo, Benazir Ahmed, M. Abdullah
Alexine Keuroghlian, Fernanda Erika Olmedo, Esteban Abu Diyan, Elisabeth Anne
LATIN AMERICA Marques, Claudia Pereira de Suárez, Victor Utreras, Fahrni Mansur, Rubaiyat
AND CARIBBEAN Deus, Helder Queiroz, Fabio Mansur Mowgli
Rohe, Eduardo Venticinque Mesoamerica
Avecita Chicchón, Director Mario Boza, Archie Carr III, Belize
Anton Seimon, Mariana Bolivia Eduardo Carrillo, Bayron Charles Acosta, Suzanne Arnold,
Varese, Assistant Directors Alejandro Arambiza, Guido Ayala, Castellanos, Peter Feinsinger, Jose Cab, Archie Carr III, Martha
Additional Staff: Romina Capelli, Rosario Arispe, Oscar Castillo, Rony García, Rosario Guerra, Casimiro, Dan Castellanos, Philip
Zachery Feris, Alexandra Rojas Erika Cuéllar, Rosa Leny Cuéllar, Roan McNab, Bruce Miller, Castillo, Cordelia Che, Robin


Coleman, Annick Cros, Janet Simeon Daple, Fraser Hartley, Albert Corvino, Director, Restricted Ileana Figueroa, Maureen Garvey,
Gibson, Roy Herrera, Sergio Maunoa Karo, Roselyn Fund and Government Grants Administrative Assistants
Hoare, Rita Leslie, Randolph Koi, John Tagai Kuange, Lori Bueti, Executive Secretary
Nunez, Apolonio Olivas, Roy Rachael Lahari, Tau Morove, Restaurants
Talia Ann Aliberti, Payroll Manager
Polonio, Rozinell Rodriquez, Helen Perks, John Vegala Niko Radjenovic, Director
Joan Jones, Accounts
Enric Sala, Edward Solomon, Payable Manager Joe Yenalevitch, Assistant
NORTH AMERICA Director, Culinary Services
Robert Steneck, Fagan Villanueva,
Jodi Hilty, Assistant Director Howard Forbes, Manager,
Benjamin Wainwright, Danny Cashroom, Guest Lysa Roseborough, Assistant
Wesby, Sandra Zelaya Additional Staff: Shirley Atkinson, Director, Bronx Zoo
Kevin Gorman, Shannon Roberts, Services Accounting
Linda Asbaty, Supervising Angella Modeste, Manager,
Fiji Darren Long, Melissa Richey Bronx Zoo
Akanisi Caginitoba, Sirilo Greater Yellowstone John Lipari, Kitchen
Dulunaqio, Alice Heffernan, Kini Jacklyn Bui, Alicia Wyatt,
Ecosystem Senior Accountants Manager, Bronx Zoo
Kotomailautoka, Wayne Houng Tarik Castro, Celenia Garcia,
Lee, Waisea Naisilisili, Alexander Rob Ament, Jon Beckmann, Joel Michael Regan, Accountant
Berger, Kim Berger, Brent Brock, Melanie Otero, Rodney
Patrick, Ingrid Quaqua, Etika Donna M. Marano, Michelle Rollins, Victorina Sierra,
Jeff Burrell, Cecily Costello, Mora, Isobel Onorato, Dolores
Rupeni, Betani Salusalu, Loraini Supervisors, Bronx Zoo
Molly Cross, Bebe Crouse, Craig Papaleo, Supervisors
Sivo, Alipate Tavainaqara, Moala Brenda Williams, Cache
Groves, Kris Inman, Bob Inman, Ernesto Banaag, Buenafe
Tokataa, Thomas Richard Tui, Rodriquez, Virgin Colon,
Chris Jenkins, Louise Lasley, Manongdo, Sonya Meltzer,
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Julienne Hollingworth,
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Ripanto, Fakhrizal Setiawan Matthews, Katy Wang, Steve Zack NY Aquarium
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Villa, Cashiers Chantal Robinson, Supervisor,
Kenya Adirondacks NY Aquarium
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Moses Mwambogo, Johnstone Metropolitan Peggy O’Shaughnessy, Merchandise
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Setra Andriamanaitra, Norbert Lillian Bonilla, Raquel Díaz, Laura
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Jean Makoa, José Maro, Justina Ray, Don Reid, John HUMAN RESOURCES Margaret Murphy,
Raharilala Mathieu, Francisco Weaver, Gillian Woolmer Miriam Benitez, Vice President Manager, Bronx Zoo
Ramananjatovo, Eva Lovaniaina Zulma Rivera, Director Charles Braithwaite, Manager,
Dispersed Research Bronx Zoo Warehouse
Ramino, Herilala Randriamahazo, Rich Sowinski, Safety Director
Bemahafaly Randriamanantsoa, Bill McShea, Adrian Treves Denise Guzman, Oneika Lewis,
Garnet Vaccaro, Assistant
Rivo Josue Randriantsaha, Supervisors, Bronx Zoo
Director of Benefits
Yvette Razafindrakoto   -/,/6 Ê Ê James Lo, Storekeeper,
Pamela Watim, International
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- HR Rep. Bronx Zoo Warehouse
Patricia Calabrese, Executive Vice Zellee Jones, Seasonal Manager Patricia Peters, Maria Ortega ACE
Aung Myo Chit President for Administration Specialists, Bronx Zoo Warehouse
& Chief Financial Officer Sandra Gonzalez, David
Nicaragua Meyers Recruiters Albert Martinez, Margarita
Andrew Anderson, Waldimar Dalma Crisostomo-Ward, Miranda, Laura Moret, James
Executive Assistant Izzy Harris, Assistant Manager Vazquez, Senior Associates,
Brooks, Henry Burton, Ralf
Brenda Burbach, Environmental Monique Santiago, Assistant Bronx Zoo Warehouse
Cambalan, Cathi Campbell,
Alma Carlos, Rodolfo Chang, Compliance Specialist Sue Vargas, Coordinator Carol Johnston, Manager,
Lorna Churnside, Cecil Clark, Gerard Tibbs, Evan Vanessa Pinkney, Receptionist/ Central Park Zoo
Victoria Cordi, Margarit Downs, Randolf, Mailroom HR Clerk Olga Rivera, Supervisor,
Carson Garth, Sonia Gautreau, Rexford Osei, Receptionist Central Park Zoo
Lindon Hebberth, Margie BUDGET AND FINANCIAL Russell Crawley, Manager,
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Panama and Comptroller Danielle Scire, Manager, Bronx Zoo Admissions & Parking
Ronald Ventarola, Assistant Presentation & Promotion Chris Filomio, Assistant Director,
Inocencio Castillo, Anne
Comptroller Dave Della Fave, Manager, Bronx Zoo Ride Operations
Meylan, Peter Meylan Loss Prevention
Gwendolyn Cleary, Joe Minieri, Manager, Bronx
Papua New Guinea Chief Accountant Audra Browne, Jacqui Dauphinais, Zoo Admissions & Parking


Kevin Franqui, Manager, Bronx Gale Page, Director, Membership Supervisors, Site Sales Lillian Valentin, Manager, CPZ
Zoo Ride Operations Lauren Rabin, Director, Operations Eliza Lazo, Kendra Rae Whitmore, Alicia Sells, Associate Manager CPZ
Chris Papaleo, Manager, Tiffany Reiser-Jacobson, Assistant Supervisors, Site Sales
Group Ticketing Services Director, Campaign Dorothy Moura, Group Sales
Stephanie Bailey, Georgia Burke, Communications and Events Assistant Coordinator, Sandra Matthews, Manager
Ivelisse Velasquez, Supervisors/ Olivia van Melle Kamp, Membership Services Timothy Kirk, Cynthia
Bronx Zoo Admissions & Parking Director, National Councils Villanueva, Erik Weinberg,
Jim Fitzgerald, Sandra Nino- and Travel Program *1 
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Franqui, Joe Power, Maryann John Calvelli, Senior Vice President
Ruberto, Supervisors, Bronx Senior Development Officers Media Production Center
Zoo Ride Operations Lynette Ardis, Conservation Patrons Denise Browne, Executive Assistant Karen Spiak, Creative Director
Nellie Cruz, Supervisor, Susan Cooper, Information Systems Jan Kaderly, Director Julie Maher, Manager.
Group Ticketing Services Kathi Schaeffer, Manager Photographic Services
Laura Elmore, Cherie Wasoff,
Michelle Silva, Customer Service Individual Giving Maggie Byrne, Administrative Joshua Bousel, Manager,
Rep, Group Ticketing Services Assistant/Coordinator Online Services
Allison Goldberg, Operations
Joeanne Dudley, Manager, NY Jose Serrano, Associate
Kathryn Vann, Foundation New York Aquarium Manager Online Services
Aquarium Guest Services Relations Public Affairs Luke Groskin, Associate
Antonio Medina, Supervisor,
NY Aquarium Guest Services Development Officers Cynthia Reich, Deputy Director Manager Video Services
Sylvia Alexander, Justin Courter, Kate Fitzgerald, Manager Suzanne Bolduc, Associate
HUMAN HEALTH SERVICES Ken Shallenberg, Susan Stenquist Fran Hackett, Associate Manager Photo Collection
Janet Brahm, Nurse Manager Monserrat, Foundation Relations Manager, Communications Joshua Krause, Art Director
Karen Klein, Nurse Chandra Towers Blatt, Kenyell Smalls, Assistant Marisa Hodges, Graphic Designer
Planned Giving Manager, Events
PURCHASING Lisa Bottomley, Michelle Wildlife Conservation
James Morley, Director Government & Magazine
Kahn, Special Events
Walter Aufseeser, Supervisor Community Affairs Deborah Behler, Editor-in-Chief
Stephanie Cook, Major Gifts
Brenda Diaz, Purchasing Agent Charles Vasser, Director, Nancy Simmons, Senior Editor
Amie Figueiredo, Amy Hersh,
Gina Liranzo-Estrada, Community Affairs Jennifer Shalant, Web Writer
Corporate Relations
Purchasing Specialist Rosemary DeLuca, Assistant Carol Burke, Editorial/
Felicia Hamerman, Jordana Director, City & State Affairs
Melissa Latchman, Newler, Campaign Circulation Manager
Purchasing Clerk Kelly Keenan Aylward, Assistant Melissa Mahony, Copy Editor
Stacey Szewczyk, Stacy Zito, Director, Federal Affairs DC
Individual Giving
INFORMATION Kevin Garrelick, Manager,
TECHNOLOGY Government Grants "
Ê"Ê ,Ê
Development Associates
Paula L. Simon, Vice President, Marla Krauss, Manager,
"1 - 
Erin Archuleta, Executive Projects
Chief Technology Officer NOAA Partnership W. B. McKeown, Senior Vice
Jessica Castellano, President and General Counsel
Michael Mariconda, Director Conservation Patrons Alysha Manas, Government
and Department Head Affairs Associate Evelyn J. Junge, Deputy
Rebekah Grote, Operations General Counsel
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Support Supervisor Affairs Officer DC Elizabeth Donovan, Alexa
and Travel Program Holmes, Danièle Pascal-
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Affairs Associate DC Dajer, María Elena Urriste,
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Marco Marvucic, Jonathan Communications Adriane Maisell, Manager,
Stallone, Network Analyst Development Assistants Legal Services
Linda Corcoran, Stephen
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International Information Councils and Travel Program Administrative Assistants
& Communication John Delaney, Scott
Mary Deyns, Campaign Smith, Managers
Allegra Hamer, Director, Communications and Events
Systems & Audio-Visual Kate McIntyre, Manager, CPZ
Sally Huffstetler, Assistant to
Joel Papierman, Senior Alison Reiser, Associate
Senior Vice President
Information Systems Specialist Manager, Bronx Zoo
Annie Mark, Ann Phelan,
Reed Harlan, John Hurel, Barbara Russo Associate
Individual Giving
Systems Support Specialists Manager, CPZ
Nao Ohtsuki, Corporate Relations Stephen Fairchild, Senior
Al Moini, Customer Lisa Perfetto, Special Events
Support Supervisor Producer, Television & Media
Dianna Russell, Mary Ann Natalie Cash, Senior Producer,
Nick Dematteo, Joseph Padilla, Venticinque-Malkin, Operations
Audio-Visual Services Specialist Media Partnerships
Mandy Tshibangu,
Ralph Palumbo, Customer Foundation Relations MARKETING
Support Assistant Jesse Ewing, Vice President
Aaron Uddin, Conservation Patrons
Margaret Price, Assistant Director,
6 "* /Ê Ê MEMBERSHIP Marketing Operations
  ,-* Rhonda Lewis-Warren, Gina Talarico, Assistant Manager
Maria Masciotti, Senior Assistant Director, New Diana Warren, Account Manager
Vice President Business and Acquisitions
Dale Ann Brooks, Director, Joseph Kern, Manager, Event Marketing
Corporate Relations Membership Site Sales Rachel Libretti, Director
and Special Events Laura Lauria, Assistant Manager, Anthony Petrone, Associate
Carolyn Gray, Director, Membership Programs Manager, Public Events
Foundation Relations Kate Yun, Assistant Manager, Mary Beth Gaffney, Associate
Linde Ostro, Director, New Business and Acquisitions Manager Corporate
Individual Giving Cynthia Gonzalez, Venus Ramos, & Private Events


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the greater Virunga landscape: Its habitat for a forest mammal? Patlis, M. Gumal, and R. Lee.
importance for landscape species. Animal Conservation 9, no. 3: 2006. Biodiversity and human Walsh, P., T. Breuer, C. Sanz, D.
Biological Conservation 134, no. 331-38. livelihood crises in the Malay Morgan, and D. Doran-Sheehy.
2: 279-87. Archipelago. Conservation Biology 2007. Potential for Ebola
Xie, Y., and S. Wang. 2007. 20, no. 6: 1811-13. transmission between gorilla
Prasad, Soumya, Jagdish Conservation status of Chinese and chimpanzee social group.
Krishnaswamy, Ravi Chellam, species. Integrative Zoology 2, no. Wilkie, D. S., M. Starkey, E. L. American Naturalist 169, no. 5:
and Surendra Prakash Goyal. 1: 26-35. Bennett, K. Abernethy, R. Fotso, 684-89.


J. Michael Fay’s unique brand of technolo- Society for Conservation Biology meeting
gy-driven field science, including his “Mega- for graduate student presentations.
transect” and “Megaflyover” explorations,
Erika Cuéllar, with WCS-Latin America,
earned him the 2007 Lindbergh Award from
received the Whitley Fund for Nature 2007
the Charles A. and Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Foundation. “Whitley Award,” donated by Sting and
Trudie Styler. Cuéllar will use the funds
George. B. Schaller received the first to train parabiologists for the the guanaco
National Geographic Adventure Lifetime population recovery project in Bolivia and
Achievement Award, and the Lifetime Paraguay. ˜ˆ“>Ê
Achievement Award of the International
Cláudia Pereira de Deus, from INPA/Insti- Bronx Zoo Central Park Zoo
Wildlife Film Festival.
tuto Piagaçu in Peru, was selected to receive Mammals Mammals
Alan Rabinowitz was elected to the Men’s a two-year Overbrook Conservation Fel- 2,491 animals of 133 663 animals of 22
Journal Hall of Fame as one of the “toughest lowship from the Center for Environmental species 1,430 births species
and most inventive environmental enforcers Research and Conservation (CERC).
and entrepreneurs that you have never heard Birds 3 births
of.” Ed Miller, President of Gas TransBoliviano, 817 animals of 182 Birds
received the CABI “Sombra Grande” award species 306 birds of 66 species
Rabinowitz also was given The Kaplan in recognition of his continued support over 67 hatchings 32 hatchings
Lifetime Achievement Award for Cat Con- ten years of co-administration of Bolivia’s Reptile and Amphibians Reptiles and Amphibians
servation for 2006.
Kaa-Iya Park in the Gran Chaco, and his ef- 1,058 animals of 150 809 of 49 species
K. Ullas Karanth, Director of WCS-India, forts to conserve the Kaa-Iya protected area species Fish
received the 2007 J. Paul Getty Award for and the welfare of the Guaraní people. 441 births and 38 animals of 6 species
Conservation Leadership from the World hatchings Invertebrates
Bayron Castellanos, Executive Director of
Wildlife Fund. The award will be used Fish 10,120 animals of 19
Asociacion Balam and Technical Director
to establish a fellowship program named
of WCS-Guatemala was awarded an Over- 356 animals of 29 species
in Karanth’s honor to support graduate
brook Conservation Fellowship, $20,000 species
students in conservation-related fields at a
over two years to strengthen the activities of Invertebrates Queens Zoo
university of his choice.
the Mirador-Rio Azul Roundtable. 11,375 animals of 26 Mammals
Karanth also received The Earthcare Award species 82 animals of 24
for 2007. It is the Sierra Club’s highest in- WCS-ChinaSFDFJWFEB4&&t5/$BXBSE
for Amur Tiger Anti-Poaching Public Edu- species
ternational award and honors an individual, Special Animal Exhibits,
organization, or agency making a unique cation & Participatory Conservation Pro- 3 births
gram. The SEE Ecological Award is the first Bronx Zoo Birds
contribution to international environmental
protection and conservation. Former win- ecological and environmental award spon- Mammals 203 animals of 37
ners include Nobel Prize recipient Wangari sored by a civil organization in mainland 230 animals of 38 species
Maathai, former Norway Prime Minister China. Launched by ALXA SEE Ecological species 11 hatchings
Gro Harlem Brundtland, and former Presi- Association, the award was co-sponsored this 16 births Reptiles
dent of Venezuela Andre Perez. year by The Nature Conservancy. Birds 37 animals of 3 species
Sanjay Gubbi, Policy and Outreach WCS-Adirondacks staff were named “Con- 138 animals of 36
Program Manager with WCS-India, was servationists of the Year” by the Adirondack species Prospect Park Zoo
awarded the Maurice Swingland Prize by Council. 18 hatchings Mammals
DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation Reptile and Amphibians 124 animals of 23
Seamus Ehrhard, Intern in Herpetology,
and Ecology) at the University of Kent 187 animals of 36 species
received an Earthwatch grant to observe
Canterbury species 14 births
echidnas and monitor lizards on Kangaroo
Gubbi also won first prize at the 2007 Island, Australia. 5 births Birds
Fish 73 animals of 35
76 animals of 8 species species
/ - Invertebrates 6 hatchings
Bronx Zoo 1,926,954 205 animals of 3 Reptiles and Amphibians
Congo Gorilla Forest 698,904 species 240 animals of 53
Children’s Zoo 366,665 species
Zoo Shuttle 284,335 New York Aquarium 30 births and
Monorail 421,260 Mammals hatchings
Skyfari 451,755 20 animals of 8 species Fish
Butterfly Garden 365,316 1 birth 190 animals of 21
Carousel 415,130 Birds species
New York Aquarium 765,961 13 animals of 1 species Invertebrates
Central Park Zoo 1,012,408 Reptile and Amphibians 2,261 animals of 9
Prospect Park Zoo 233,917 24 animals of 9 species species
Queens Zoo 208,667 Fish
Total WCS Attendance 4,147,907 3,234 animals of 251
Total WCS Census
  ,-*Ê Ê< Invertebrates 17,875 animals of
8,011 animals of 109 1,210 species
Members 89,945
Wildlife Conservation circulation 102,722 species


EDITOR: Deborah A. Behler
ART DIRECTOR: Joshua Krause
CONTRIBUTORS: Nancy Simmons, Melissa
PREPRESS: Four Lakes Colorgraphics
PRINTER: Monroe Litho

PAPER: Printed on Consort Royal stock,

an elemental chlorine-free, acid-free
paper. It meets the standards of the Forest
Stewardship Council (FSC)

PHOTO CREDITS: front cover: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; back cover: WCS; inside RECOMMENDED FORM OF BEQUEST
front cover: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; pages 2–3: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page
4: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 5: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 6: Julie Larsen
The Trustees of the Wildlife Conservation Society recom-
Maher/WCS; page 7: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 8: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page mend that, for estate planning purposes, members and friends
9: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 11: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 12: WCS; page consider the following language for use in their wills: “To the
13: Jason Green Photography, Julie Larsen Maher/WCS, Jason Green Photography;
page 14: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS, Jason Green Photography, Julie Larsen Maher/ Wildlife Conservation Society (”WCS”), a not-for-profit, tax-
WCS; page 15: Monika Graff, Julie Larsen Maher/WCS (2); pages 16–17: Julie Larsen exempt organization incorporated in the State of New York in
Maher/WCS; page 18: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 19: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS;
page 20: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 21: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 22: Julie 1895, having as its principal address 2300 Southern Boule-
Larsen Maher/WCS; page 23: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS (2); page 24: Julie Larsen vard, Bronx, New York 10460, I hereby give and bequeath
Maher/WCS; page 25: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 26: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS;
_________________ to be used as determined by WCS for the
page 27: William Karesh; page 29: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; pages 30–31: Julie Larsen
Maher/WCS; page 32: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 33: Suzanne Bolduc/WCS general purposes of WCS.”
(2); page 34: WCS (2); page 35: Ilyssa Gillman; page 36: WCS; page 37: Julie Larsen
Maher/WCS; page 38: Nicole Greevey; pages 40–41: Luke Hunter; page 42: Anthony
In order to help WCS avoid future administration costs, it is
O’ Toole; page 44: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 47: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page
49: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 50: Zhaxi Duojie; page 53: A. Chicchon; page suggested that the following paragraph be added to any restric-
54: Brian D. Smith; page 56: GillianWoomer; page 57: Luke Hunter; page 59: Julie tions that are imposed on a bequest: “If at some future time, in
Larsen Maher/WCS; page 60: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 61: Julie Larsen Maher/
WCS; page 62: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 63: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 68: the judgment of the Trustees of the Wildlife Conservation Soci-
Julie Larsen Maher/WCS (2); Patrick McMullan (2); page 69: Mary Hilliard (2); Julie ety, it is no longer practical to use the income and/or principal
Larsen Maher/WCS (2); Patrick McMullan; page 70: Patrick McMullan (4); page 71:
Julie Larsen Maher/WCS (4); page 72: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS (4); page 73: Suzanne
of this bequest for the purposes intended, the Trustees have the
Bolduc/WCS, Jason Green Photography; page 74: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS (3); page right to use the income and/or principal for whatever purposes
75: Kent Redford; page 76: Mary Hilliard; page 79: Mary Hilliard; page 81: Patrick they deem necessary and most closely in accord with the intent
McMullan; page 82: Patrick McMullan; pages 86–87: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page
89: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 91: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 92: Julie Larsen described herein.”
Maher/WCS; page 95: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS; page 100: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS;
inside back cover: Julie Larsen Maher/WCS If you wish to discuss the language of your bequest with a
member of the WCS staff, please be in touch with the Planned
Giving Office at 718-220-5090.

For information on how you can support the Wildlife Conservation Society, please call our Development Department at 718-220-5090. A copy of this annual report
may be obtained by writing to the Office of the Chairman, Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, New York 10460. In addition, a copy of
WCS’s annual filing with the Charities Bureau of the Office of the New York State Attorney General may be obtained by writing to the Charities Bureau, Office of the
New York State Attorney General, 120 Broadway, 3rd Floor, New York, New York 10271.
2300 Southern Boulevard n Bronx, NY 10460