Job

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Section: Untitled

DataFile: .D:\padma\SeiSmiC\SA~_YU_09JUnelO\Sam\RCPile(N~aSing50).Sam 24/0~/201015:31:46

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CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS TO 8D 44195

Crack widths have been checked for all tension reinforcement, and along 1 side(s) of the section.

Summary of data

location of largest crack x 1454.53 mm y -1484.3 mm
location of critical bar x 1531.97 mm y -1404.6 mm
distance from crack to bar acr 91.103 mm
nominal cover (Table 131 cnom 50.0 mm
diameter of outermost bar diam 10.0 mm
actual cover to tension bar c 75.0 mm
effective cover for Eqn 24A cov cnom+diam
60.0 mm
depth in compression de 1.6762 m
overall depth h 3.0 m
strain at crack ignoring stiffening 81 7.75£-4
depth to centroid of tension steel de 2.54674 m
width at centroid of tension steel bt 2.14881 m
compression face to crack a' 2.9843 m
moment from permanent loads Mg 40000.0 kN.m
moment from live loads Mq 0.0 kN.m
strain in rft ignoring stiffening ss 5.15E-4
area of tension rft As = 90477.9 mm' SAM v6.20c

Copyright © 2010 Bestech Systems Ltd

29/09/2010 09:23

···Calc. By:

Checked:

STRESS

1

Job:

Section: Untitled

· Data File: D:\padma\S~i~mic\SA~3Ll_09JUnelD\Sam\f{CPile(NOCa5i~gSO).Sam 24/06/2010 ANALYSIS TO BS S400 SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE

Strain adjustment to altow for stiffening:

3.8 ~ bt * h (a'~dc)

OG = -~---~----- (l~Mq/Mg) *lOA~9 s s * As (h+dc )

3.8*2.14881*

3.0( 2.9843- 1.6762)

(1- O.O/40000.0)*lOA-9

5.15E-4*O.09048(

3.0- 1. 6762)

5.19E~4

grrt ~ 81-0E

0.000774545 - 0.000519026 = 0.0002555J.9

3 * a c r ·k Em

crack width (equatiorr 24A)

1 + 21acr ~ cov) / Ih - de)

In this equatiorr, cov is taken as the lesser of the actual cover to the tension bar, and the value of cov as defined above.

3 * 91.103 * 2.56E-4

1 + 2 I 91. 103-

60.0) / I 3000.0- 1676.2)

0.067 1TI11l

crack width

3 * acr '* Ern

3 * 91.103 * 0.000255519 0.07 rom

(equation 26)

End

SAM v6.20c

Copyright © 2010 Bested, Systems Ltd

29/09/201009:23

2

DataFiI~:D :'\padma\SelsmiC\SAM )J~09JUne lO\Sarn\RCpile(Nocasing 50);Sarn 24/06/2010' 15:31 :46 ANALYSIS TO BS 5400 ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE

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Checked:

STRESS

WARNING - This analysis assumes that all tension steel (AS) continues at least a distance equal to the effective depth beyond the section being considered, or is anchored in accordance with clause 5,8.7.

All reinforcement is assumed to be parallel, and to be perpendicular to the cross section.

Analysis:

Shear Forces and associated Bending Moments Ultimate Limit State

Design Code:

BS 5400 : Part 4 : 1990

SUMMARY OF APPUED LOAD EFFECTS

Moment Mx 40000.0 kN,m Shear vy

Moment My 0.0 kN.m Shear Vx

Neutral Axis angle 0,00

Resolved Moment 40000.0 kN.m

Resolved Shear 0.0 kN

Axial Load 30000.0 kN

Clause 5.3,3,1 - Shear Stress

breadth of beam for shear resistance effective depth to tension reinforcement

SAM v6.20c

Copyright © 2010 Bestech Systems Ltd

0.0 kN 0.0 kN

b d

3.0 m 2.90464 m

29/09/201009:26

1

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calc By:.· Checked:

Section; Untitled

bataFile;D:\Padma\Seismic\SAM_yu_09JUn~lq\sam\RCpile(Nocasing50).sam 24/06/2010 '15:~1:46 ANALYSIS TO BS 5400 ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE

(sagging BM at this section)

v V/h.d 0/(3*2.90464) 0.0 N/rum"

characteristic strength of concrete maximum permissible shear stress: vmax O.75*..JfCU

= 0.75*";40.0

= 4.74342 N/mm'

feu

40.0 N/mrn'

which is less than

4.75 N/mm'

r he r e f o r e ,

vmax = 4.74342 N/rum"

( i. e. 41333.7 kN

C!allse 5.3.3.2 - Shear Reinforcement Requirements

characteristic strength of shear rft

~ links fyv ~ longitudinal fy

area of tension reinforcement As

460.0 N!rrnu' 460.0 N/rum' 98017.7 rum'

Ultimate shear stress in concrete, vc

lOO*As/(b*d)

100*98017.7/( 1.12484

3.0·k 2.90464)

From Table 8, using the formula;

0.27

10Q*As 11/3 1/3

I • (fcu)

bw*d J

vc

1. 25

vc = 0.76825 N/mm2

Depth factor from Table 9, using the formula:

cs (500/d) ~1/4

0.7

Clause 5.5.6 Enhancement for axial load:

vC.ox may be multiplied by 1.0 + 0.05*N/Ac

Ultimate axial load, N 3.0E7 N

Concrete section gross area, Ac 1.0 + 0.05*N/Ac

hence Hs.ve = 1.212*

1.0 + 0.05* 3.0E7/7.069E6 1.21221

0.7*0.76825 = 0.65189 N/trm'

v c:rit f,.S"'VC

= 0.65189 N/mm'

No further shear enhancement is applicable, and critical shear strength for reinforcing (v_crit) is given by:

(i.e. 5680.57 kN

Minimum Shear Reinforcement for beams and voided slabs:

Asv I b i

0.4 * ~--~ I

SAM v6.20c

Copyright © 2010 Bestech Systems Ltd

29/09(201009:26

2

.' Job:

• secnon; Untitled

Data File: D:\Padrna\Seisrnic\SAM_Yu_09June10\sam\RCplle(Nocasing50).sam 24/06/2010 15:31:46 . ANALYSIS TO BS 5400 ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE

. -

~lJR lUJad If4.SEiIifTQ flER'i

·····calc.By:

Checked:

sv

L O.87*fyv J

heEce:

Asv / sv

0.46 'k 3/460 2.9985 rum'/rDln

Additiona! links:

v is less than v crit, therefore for beams & columns (and voided slabs clause 5.4.4.3) minimum-reinforcement only is required, and for slabs, no reinforcement is required.

Link arrangement:

diameter rum

Maximum spacing mm

2 legs 4 legs

6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 16.0

18.859 33.5271 52.3861 75.4359 134.108

37.718 67.0542 104.772 150.872 268.217

If compression reinforcement is present, the link size must be at least one-quarter the size of the largest compression bar. (clause 5.8.4.3)

Maximum spacing (clause 5.3.3.2 & 5.8.4.3):

12 * size of smallest compression bar 12 * 40

480 mm

(for columns)

0.75 * d

0.75k 2904.64 2178.48 rum

(for beams)

2904.64 rum

(for slabs)

If compression reinforcement exceeds 1% refer to clause 5.8.4.3

End

SAM V6.20c

Copyright © 2010 Bestech Systems Ltd

29/09/201009:26

3

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