I_

I .. ately, the name of Moses Mende ssohn has reappeared in, the Orthodox press .. In the past, he, has been consideredan enigma, praised by some of the Gedolim of his tim.le and condemned '-I.y most o:f the others. Generally spealdng, one cannot flg~~t. the impression that this. man. Mendelssoh~,_" has been, treated, wtth kld gloves too :Iong and maybe the 'time has, come to 'take' off the gloves and put him in his place once and :for all,

While he was alive he appeared to' many as a learned man, a practicing Torah ,Jew and hils writings, about Judaism 'were " aken seriously, The fo,Uowi.ng appeared ,in an Orthodox newspaper Jusctiscke Presse In 1886,1 p .. 15:

"Therefore, this ,day sho .• Id be' to 'us a renewed admonmon to emulate the example O":'~M,oses, M,end"elssohn

.' thl II, .. ::, W' ilid 11,' h'l""

In, our ' '·In.tulng~ ..... e SOUl·, not on.~ engrave us great

teachings in. our hearts and rnaks them our guidelines for__.. everyday life" bu:t ,allso, iro.p.lant ,8 -·d nurture this same attitude in our children and our children's children,"

This :is a citation, from an authoritattve source and

'I,

fIi;Ji, .1 R."A:V',' S'iU]MIQ,' 'N O£'iHW' .. '~ D

~ _,1._' ._ .. n, ."_",,._~; I _ .. _~

'typ·.jew ~o·: .r· that Uie:.ne·.····r:ation. Th erefore ~,t' 'iis' no wond erthatwe

-. , I .. ,_., , - '_ e. , ",. _~. .' . ,. _ _" til " ..' ~'_ . .. ~ .J111 - ~ ...

read m ~rll" n'Kmn, (introduction 'to O'J,~l), a criticism of :Men,delsslo,h, .~ ts translation ortwo 'words :in, H'P" and his name :is mentioned like this: ,.~, '"~, Tiieres IS.rae.1 was in good

C",' , . . -, .' of , ' ,/""I -d' I . 1,~'--, " h" ..., ~;.d, .,.. 1\· d '~'d' " t k n' o' W'"

om;p,any o. so"me ~ .. :_,oum W,_ '0 eVJrue'nl~y :_1 no, i·.·.· ."

M- en "dells: ~'O"''- h '. 0'" to 0" w,· ·eD·· I an d··! ''I:IIr1h"o' ad ,- 0- ·m-···- ed I h un·i, Wl~-::-"'t'''r the

:_,_,' .1'~·:" __ lll _,. ".1 iU\r.; .~I '",,"fl·,· .... _:'_'_,_",:', ... ~II ~~I'

epltaph of it~"'I:Ji~ jl,,:n:., .Not so' the Chasam Safer and many others, as, w'e see later, Rav S.,R,. Hirseh, ?w!T has been put bly

.. ,¥ d hl t ,.. ~.. t ,.~.. t

some unmrormeo .··.UiJ, ortans In Ju,x1apOSlIl.U')D .0

''N;,.;t''£1;'ndl elsso . ·'b n Aft: '. te ir" all HI trsch tra nsla . tee ·d· the C-·fI.., 'um' .' ;j!3 ,e,k in . to

J!'J,,,, 1 -,', " >~" .. 1 __ ~ ' ... j( : . ~ _Uii:!i.·, _.JLQ.I;IL";. " .. ' .c'. _"'" . )11,·· ' .. ,.~\U, ,J .....

German: SO did M'endelsso,hn. Hirsch. like Me,ndelssoh:m

• ~l , •• '1 l,_ '._ I",, __ ,\~ ••. _.'_',' _,. .• " _'------.. _._ 1 J • '_";. "

advocated acquaintance with mundane culture 'by the Torah

Je'w. _

But here we should clearly' say a very Ioud "~f1I;,~ a thou sand tim es '. s "0-1

uIl, It . - .. __ .~ '. ~ I . I -', • • '. - .• '

R H· 'k. 1..... h Ch h - Ge

_ ~av'l arscn translated the : humas I Into ': serrnan 'to

teach his fellow' Jews Torah, M,en.de'lssoh,n did th: same .• to

teac h IS'",· cent C" . p' o· f'- :"" ... ' the . ' .. f'th' G······· .' .. 1·' '.- ,du~,rt;e'

. J .. ". "'-'\ • _,_ i . ::". "em"", .'. ,ar.les 1 .,1- use 0 I '. e' ..... ~ ermlan, . ane, ~ 0.",,', •

. Mendelssoh,n's children 8'1.d students ,eve'ntuaUy aD. marc ,hi. ed to t'hle' . b apt ism . all fo nt w·· zh .,iJ.o H'~·Qc' :h' 's , d 1"8- C-'I"p1Ia,s, foun "d'

, '" _._:., ." " , . ..!U;; _ ._~'. ,JI..'." c_1_· .. '. . .j[. ~ . I, ·n 11i;I!·. .' . I ..• 1 . ,Jl~ _ liP· ". _

,if ,

th e. t th B th H' kn d h Be ,'ib H .. ·· d I

I Enr w~y _0 . " ·-I"e-.@', ' r . ,a~-_esses ani' t __ e [".tll, iame f.aB,l,.

'WhU,e Hirsch's talmidim are until this day deriving their Jewish p;h,Uosophy from the Ho reb , ,Nine;tee'D Letters, Ch umash -TBh·:'~lnn·i ,'" etc e" te 1Pi..K,en··dle···ll~s··,s,o···lhc -n- ',~ d 'i,c.nI;I=p .... le·· .. s 'w'-e"'U,~

1 , _ _l_l ~"U" "~,,U ., ..... /'\,.,,.. ~" 111,._ _ _ . < . \t;,.. . ..... I, i;I!'.. ,ag",,\,1 .. '.. ,;., .

tho 1 .".r,o, .-.- '. ", . '. " t . e,JI,~' are no.ne~

In the 19th Century :it Was, generally supposed that Me' md elssohn m ad·' "Ie'-" "t' h- n, flrst su 1'~\~Je'~ ssfu II a' ttempt to' 0'-, <QC··, hl"'Q'I::P'O IiI1lIl

'" <. '._ ~.D~ .. , ,I J ,,' _"_"' ._'.: ,I, ~ , .IUL'JI.:1 .. 1,. ~1Ib: '_ [ ~. :'. . ... I~~ '_1_, .• ' ,d. g. _, ~ y~- [",.

just synthesis between 'the two cultures and at the same' time 'to remain a devout J,ew'~ Yet the greatest 'Talmudic masters of

'J...::. d.' .' . R'" y. r . .-. h -"':I,:.·iI L idat Ii,.. Pr···. i"" Rav B"'"",,4': ... ·1

ms .... ay ,~ "a. .ec le~e,lI,an.:.. au. In ,.; rague, _>IV "_.i::U,,ael

Cohen in, Hamburg: and Rav Pinchas Horowitz, in Frankfurt - foug,:ht Im and thev turned out to 'be' riaht Thev clearly .•

_ .. ' ... - -' ,', . -_.J " . '-" - . - _.. '~ ... ~ - iJ . _ . .

:(0 iesaw that. before Iong the trickle of assimilation Introduced by' Mend:e1sso:hn would ,swe:U. into a raginlg torrent, spill over its bar ks and, undermine the' 'very foundations off Klal Yisroel, These sages realized that ~M,oses:

Dessaus" thirst for culture and non .... ,J'ewlsh learning was more than a mere pardonable fancy, It. imp'ie'J a

life-threatening separation of doctrine ffr,o' '-mll- I aw ,~

- .. ' _ .... - .. -.- ',' :._.' " .. ' . , , ,,_ '.' .- .... ',., '.' . "_.' ,;1,1,..... : .. ' ~ Q

presumptuous demand for freedom of philosophical thought in relation to Torah Ideas, combined with complete Integration in the intellectual sphere of man-culture,

. -

T· 0-'1' M'I en d - elsso "·'h·" n onlv t .h "e"-' eomm .. an . '.: .. d m ien . t -8:- 'W' :'9' r-\O

_ ..... ' " .... I. _ ., ... ,t~ ... ,_. 1,1", ''iJ . ,- v ·,1· . , __ ,_~ _, .. - __ ,.,.~

inviolable, For the rest, all, traditional ,J ewish convictions had to yileld to! subjective speculation influenced, b,y the cultural trends which happened to be in, vogue at the time.

'Ihus, "Judatsm" became to him a rational religion of ceremonials, the Five Books of the Torah a textbook of high German and'. I the Book of Psalms an anthology for Iiterary

" .•• ," I _~ ••• t •... ", ," ",",' . l_" __ "_. __ Q 0' __ 1 I, __ . 1.1 ! ..... [., ... : ~I .. I [IJ. I .. II"

connoisseurs, The keen -sighted princes of the Torah WIE}:re able to see throuah this. asstmllanonist orthopraxy too well

•. - ._ _'.' . ' .•. ". .,~ .. _.", '_' l_._. ",'. ' ._ ' .. " J • .". • ••• -.', ;- ••• ,' - ll[,' ... ," •.. -,'"

to refrain, from, cautioning against it In the most impressive terms, Alias, their warnings went unheeded,

Onl,Y later, and much too late, the record sadlybore out

- -

their s uspic '1'" on s o •••. f" '~~R·,-·-- Moshe Dessau,"

_ _ _ . _ _g I. J. • _ ..... II!I .. .. 1 ' __ '. ' .~, .0 . .,,-

We are shocked we .c,an hardly believe our O'WITl eves as

- . . - - - -- -, _ .. " '-' -'. '. '- ~' , ., '., ,-' -- - . - . . . . . , , . '" '. - .. ,-

we' read fr 'om Me - d - 11 - - 'h ' itings and WD n' o' t e how '- , ,;Q.J~. I -':_. .' , , ",n-, eJl,SSo", n S 'o,wn. wrllll... ~ <. Q.~I_: _'",", __ "_: J '_ <

anv p··'I',O'''- - 8' Je' wish ",-- -h" .~11d~ .,'.' tld h·'" .' ,'.,'.' '. t he philosoph e-"r-- fro o· . 'rn'

a '-J' I '- ' u_ . "Wl) , C, 11£_ COO,c ,ave P'UILr _:_: _~ .1. __ ,,", _ I' -:--'. 1_,_"

B 111~ hame i f' I'" ~ b 'ill' f

ernn tos tame ill matters, O'i rei igious belie I'~

This distllustonment may' be painful to some but Instructive and we bow before the clearvision of'the Gedolei

-' .. ..~. . .",. J ..' .. ~.'." _.. . ~ '.-'~'.. .~ .. ,.! . .j. ," I I . -.. ... '. .~ ••• I . ',"1 I

Yisroel of a past generation,

And now let the documents speakfor themselves and, 'be a warning to 'us. all

~~I am sure that you will treat the Psalms as poetry and not pay attention to the, prophetic and mystical elements

'. ·h,,'·',·,·h·· Christie '. '-:-' .. :' ,:~'~ ~.,-. J' ... .-.'.: rish ~ ··· .... ernrete '. -h'- ,,',- If'" ind .. ·'1 W.':,I(~,.I "., ms nan as. wen as , eMS r interpre ers .. rave rounc In

them only because they searched for these elements" having

, -;]' ... ", '. :. eh ... "'d- #-. -.- 'the, _., .-, i ,., . e,' ']1, .:.. ". ,~, .. ,',., t," ,-: .. , 1',·,.' 'b, ...... '. ,c, : - :". - , tho ,. ",'. ".' ,.' ... ' '.,: "... . ". , .. , Ithe -

seareneo ror rnese e em en I S oruy ecause I, ieywerenenner

h ~ I h I'" ....;~ -M- d I h H' r-

P', 1 osophers ,n"or ],terary erttics .. " '''''''''_1,1 ,e'n_ e 8S0, . I,n, to; ',0 trat

M''!'c'· 'h' . ~.~ '1'" '-, IG' I .. ett ,~ ... ,0:' - lit I~ ,rI.,..,,1 ,.no c.A z.. 00 '0 0'" -irr.,J f ected . T'I'T~ ~.,...,. no V·· '0' "'-1

I.." ae IS" ..... oe .. " ,In,e,en,,,, ll",l;b,f'~~~~v'f.;.n~ !Q!','v"'~fi~I::_' rlf-I! (;f.;b,n-:~~ ..... ,.,

V', p.505". "Ihe character of som,€ difficult psalms ls.sucb that you can read into them whatever you like, presumably

b d -k th t th t ~ ~ d th .,

ecause 'we 1_c,0 not ",n:O'W'1 ne events 'I> ·al,- mspirec I,:, err

compoaition, because the author, the tune and circumstances of their origin are not known, or because

,f)6 • RAV' SHIMON' SCHWAB

so " ae ofthe passages l . the text have been corrupted, etc, I could cite for you 'two psalms which commenta : ors o,f beth

. i, ... ~.jf' ~,~. heei [i" -

nanons In.te:rp'£i~t as lL'a.eSSlaDllC propt eeies, .~ ror my part,

'h'" ,', '.' 'b-' '."" . te .. d th '.' - t· ..... -, - .. '. '~" the ", .. ", gh':" tr d ,- -. db' .1"

, ,ave s.U,'Ui:~I.. \ em _0 more, " ,orou.' I S u,,,y an.".I'.ave

arrived at the conclusion that the one iis a satire ,OlD avarice and the oth er (i,e., Ps,.llO!,) is ,3 piece offlatt ~ry composed b,y a court pO: .:.1 in honor of :K'i:ng, David when the kin,g"s, armles laid siege to Rabbah, So' much for that .. " .......... 'Mose;s M,e"nd' . e Is, "IIii;1iO'-1 h n r ™neantcktes, U',,: H' s r ~b~: .... ,L'annl(·~~ 'V()'R. ihVJ'.· d

. _' ',_. ,,' ,',' '~.'. . ,! IV"f{u' _:._ .- .. ' .. l· _ ._". ", ,I. U u~,·t UI\r __ .. _. I . ~J _ ••• :.' ! __ .I.' .. '~I'~ " "' III

MJ(ayse'rling:,. I.let.pzig" 1.883:,. p.l ] ,i Letter to, J'oh,~ 'Zimme.r.man;,. court physician, I ,3110'VI".,

He .'~Ie.···· 11Q an I. alrli~·~'e·:.-r' p" ass • ag:~' ,.·ec from the above-c "lilt-:·~'d' 'le,'~ter'~:

. &] I . ~ ~ '. • _ •• • _.. • I,I, U ,',., I _ au.. '. ..~. ~ _' ,. !Ill _ _ .•.

"But as regards a great manyof I the psalms,. m ust admit tha .. I simply do not understand them, The ones, ' , tin,: . easie at to understand in elude many whie.h I :must class ,as ve'ry

m,e' .' "'0'· ic'r: ' p'" i •...... ,'. 'j' f' """ '.' it .. '. .. ,." ,he' ._,.' 'It' 'f~e" '.' _. ", .. - "'.'. ·.,_.·.;Qit~~i,,,,'iO·· -'~'iS" of

•... .' • I Ieee 01 poe ry; Ineo .. ren. _.V", ses·"rep~ ,b .. t ,n: _

same Ide .... ad naus'eamJ, and abrupt transitions an d modulations which no amount oftnsptranon co'u.ldjus,ttfY~i .. ·"1

" .. ~ '.' Ifyo,u b,It.:tn,e·· that .... ~e have just had eight -1.,oU.d,.ys during which, as. you know, OD,e does not feel i:n.clined. to do

hi! ' . d d'''' L tt +- Le" ,i

a Iyt,_ i.ng except to ne ~ epressee .,': - ~,~"I -! er 'IJ.iO I~sslng

Be 1'- " .. ' A-"" ,~:1 2·'9'- 17 r::7··· RlS·· . ...J . ..n,:J',~'""_.L", -,- £if. "..i".i""""~I..iI' ,.j/;:, .'~ IA.· .' . 'V'· 'Oil

. ] I n.~ .'_:;p JlJ ~', .. , "u;, j"JIe,n..u.eo~!UI,&n S VCh,IoWto,~y.. '"'nfi:Ct7llJS, II ..

V,. p~ 89, Letpzig, 1844~

'~' •• ,i •• recognize no eternal w.r.iJ,es b'u,'" t.h. ise that canbe

d'b t 'h d d d II

",~"-:-'-:"Z"", [.".__: .,' ',' , ," . I r ':~,".:['-,""""~ .~.,~ '1' .... 1 •• _1 •••.••• ,'r .. ' :.,-:- •• :'. ,,', .~ ,- '_,":..., ',',.,

.g!'",aspe, _ I, Y t le , luman reason ,aD '. . emonstrated a.s wei as

---Iii t . db' th .. h - - . ;; 0011-' t ~J

'''.~. I' '18- e-··,· '1'11'.' Ie'.' 'IU" a···. '. ml II' £1;. ---

¥rQ.,_.[ ',_ '. - .. OJ . . .. ,' . r. _ '-. L~ !!!I!I!ll.

Furth.er:

"In Judaism there is, nOI conmct between [',eUgiol1. and,

1- f )- ~ .~~ ... cO, 'b

.re,8S ~ .- . 0 revo t o naturar 'CO,8,DliIl.d.On. agams suppression .. "y

e "th J'd' '" h aJ d~ ~ ~ . th C' h ~ t'"

,1,a[I .. ,: U, atsm tas no revee e'. re 19i,o'.n m I lie ",J ns ian,

Interpretatton of the term, It has Divine laws, commandments, precepts, maxims, tnstructiens about the' wiD of G-,d. but it has nOI d"ogrnas" D,O doctrines, 0,0' lloive'.rsa), truths .. These the ·Etern,aJ reveals to the Israentestn thesame

.... '. ,. c . - ~ L'" 'n' .'. doe "00" "'JI ".~ ther -- .'. ,. b '., 'tl I . - . ro. d f t

man.n:e.r·as . e ' " oes . . a~~ 0, '_er m,en -:y na· ure ·O:L" .. ,ac 'I

. . ~ . '. 'b ,~.. 'I 'U'-:H! :11 . c _,fJ .• ,".:ill..,.. . L·····:t;.. 0'" , - t·iII' ...... ~"n..d

never ,':Y wor,~ or e ~.ef',~· - Jg',en~S(b"ti ~. . . {). wtj'wtz,

Writings,. 11'[, 1'64~

"', . ·t·_·· ':"·t· :11...., .. d' I~" L.·' ._. .' .. , .... , ~I . t;O=, . d'·· . ··t· .' '.' .: S (t.,--. c.''-

!, cO, " no W~.: ~US.I, all· mg luiS speenta ,-lYe I OCI~.In,e',1' I·~,pln,o·za

Set ... 'ted Writings - 97'

could have remained an, Orthodox Jew 0' he had not.c.removed hlmself from the Law," = Mendels'sohn's' 'Coll.rete'll Writings III, 6~

". .. ,. I cannot deny however, that I have discovered, certain wh,oll:y' uman addltions and. abuses, whieh, alas" badly tarnish the original Ius "'I' of my religion." Letter to Lavater, Mende.18sJon.n '8 Go'l'ected 'Wntings ]1], 41"

"For this reason, an our" ndeavors should hay' only one goal: to do away wi misuses that have crept into hese eerei ionies and t-o infuse t em 'with a genuin e and anthem Ic meaning .. In this, way the original script" blurred beyond recognltion b,y' hypocrisy and clerical ruse, might become legible and in tell "gib Ie, once again." - Mendelssohn ~S' COllected Writ.iwgs V" 6619.,

We see then, 'that, even the :incip,~,en.t Inflltratlon of culture as a value per se into genuinely Torah-true circles was a misfort I, De of no small d:ime'.nsi,ons~ for ~t caused the' generation reared by Mendelssohn to become utterly lost to Judaism Knowing thls, we' are able to unders ta d thle opposltio '. from the 'Guardians 0',' Israel. The r tempt to enthrone man-culture in t ' e' ranks of Torah met with shock and resistance on their part. Altona: "The Provincial Chief Rabbt here ','as proclaimed a ban or anyone who will read the transla lon of the Books of Moses composed 'by M:r .. Mioses M,end,leJlssohn of Berlin." ~ Hambu:rgffr Kt::Jrnes'JJfJ1tdent July .. 7, 1779~

Compare with, all the above some lof the words from Letter 18 of Rav Samson Raphael Hlrscl 's NifWteen Letters:

"Truly, when his mind, will have realized the' futility' o,r this baseless and aimless striving, then, he Mil awaken to the question: "'Wh,a, does i.t mean that I am a ,J'eY/? 'What is, J udaism?' Then hie wilE :no longer Sleek his. answers at the' eathed . ,- 1..... - , .. _- the ''!il;x]'lII'';it'' g- ,- - f· -." o'n Jewish sch olars But the

"'. . . .','~ ram, or ill . L ,I 'i.''i 1 IlL , 111 SOl. n.:l, -, ~~'~'''' b· . ,'. ars., ,- I c,.1 lilI.',

seekers aliter knowledge 'will go b .. c.kto the ancient sources ,of Judaism" Tnach ,Q ~ d Talmud.;

Th ere 1S"i, one wa Y" to salva tio n: 't1'TIr,e' 'r,' the sin' W'''.''aB'''.',_,'

',' ':"'_ . -. • - •• 1 1 '. "" .- '~.' '. 'y i ',."" ','.. !r¥ IlL. ',' . , . .. . , .

committed, the atonemen I must begin, and this 'waY' is to forget the Inherited prejudices and non-perspectives

,M • ,RAV SHlMON SCIWfAB,

CIO"O''''C'' e~ rnin "'g.' Jud aism "~t; ~ D,'" b""" ck to .. ··, the sourcesor.l Id': 'I;'~m" to

'. " .", ,1_., '.' ._C _' ._U\!IQI ;0 'Ci,O -8 c.l" !_':: c: _ _ .. ' . _, '.' ~_ 0, ,. U ,:_a~L,--, ;~.

'-- ach T' 'ai' 'I nud - .. ,~. .d M~ Id -,'-.'" ·h· .. ·t; <, ." "Id~ .. t·- d ' .. , ..... ··d'I-,'· . -~ h ':. "dl .. _J,ac;. · .. ,·mll. an _'··~l·_ras ,~ore,a.-"sl,u .. ,yan compre en. .. ,

them in ord e':'r-~ to . ll;oi'lTOo them n '

.... " _ .. ". . -. .y.,~ I,,~: _ .. _. .,t<tt.

The' --:,~ .. --: -'. ", ".: .. ord of Torah writtes f··· ',B-1" ternity ese are wor S 0 ora ':~ written lor a e .. r.n,l~-~ ~

''lIfe' clearlv e '-. Torah and ." ad . e kn '-.'. vledg t. ere to '''!-lI! :,ar.y see ,__: ora ,an" m un·. _an,le .' I,o'w,e · .. _e w - JIL 'G ..'

M, nd ·1 ......... · h li:;;'k' t ,. ,.. . t· t',_. :"'d' , ... ----:---·--~ .. ·--a .. - aDl'l t

enceissonn -- ·.'~e' WO' moun am, rr 'g,es runn ID':e parauei 1,_ 0'

each other, yet each 'totally independent ,o,l the other, TOI Rav S.R" Hirsch all human knowledge must originate from the

T d - 'D" b ,. h Ilk h .,-

ora I. anc eventual ycome back to the Tora t, like the wicks

of the six branches of t he M, e ... morah all b ~'n" t .. towa rds the lam ~, p ..... !

___ ._ .. I •.• . ~ ",_. '~'. ',.' , . .,. '~ . ~ ~.. •• ii'V, . '. _ l~ , • I I,.. '. _'

~ n, the middle,

M'ie:..:..:.n·· d .•. le:)s' soh .n aim ed to ad a', pt "Jud Ia ism n to nineteen th

'.' .. t .•• " ,. a-.a '_ .~.'_'. ·rU ', _.1 :!_. ",:.' :":'_' ':..' __ ', ..• ·v .' ._ "I, .. " .1 I

century Humanism 'while, Hirsch's goal was to submit all

. ., ~ _ ...., " -' , _ _ _ . . _. -. ..... , '"~-' _ '-'- '- _ " _I- - ,

Dereeh Ere,tz tOI the, eternal sovereignty of the Torah, From,

the grave. of Me'n,delsso,h,n, blows an ie,Y' wind 'which chills the bones, while the herjtage of Samson Raphael .Hirsch has

'b'" ..... ,'--"', b- c.-"· ... - .... ,., .. "f, ]~n1ht·~- ~-: .. -. - "" .. th .. fi"" .' g" '1::-. . tions

ecome a . eacon or ngm lor more .: I an, lYe teneranons,

~ f "1'\... dd'"k" hi 0; b th f'

rne memory or a ,~'z.,a::.: 1,:18 a olesstng.but thename.ora

wtcke d ma n shall . dec cav,"

, "~', ~. ~:. ,,' , [ I ';. (-~ . .Illl.'~"_:_:_ '." _I.: ". :" .~. ~'.

O thi '" rtal Th ,I: f h'~ f ilia

ne t mg m certain. .:. Ie mlrst part iO,· this "am - tar verse

i:n Mis,h,le does not apply tOI Mendelssoh.R ~ ~ ~

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