This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Scientific Name Family Common names : Hydrangea macrophylla : Hydrangeaceae : French hydrangea, Big leaf, Snowball and Japanese Hydrangea : Summer : Blue, Dark Purple, white, Green, Pink
Flowering Period Colour
Hydrangea is a shrub with large, medium to dark green, luxuriant foliage with round ball shaped cluster of flowers. These shrubs are easy to grow and flowers well in areas with mild winters. A native of Japan and Korea, the shrub has many varieties and hybrids. One of the remarkable characteristics is that the same plant can produce both pink and blue flowers depending on the ph factor or the aluminum content of the soil-blue in acidic soil and pink in alkaline soil. The blooms stay long as cut flowers. Planting The shrub can be propagated using cuttings which easily grows roots or through dividing from old established plants. It can also be propagated by layering. Remove one inch wide ring of outer bark from the middle section of a stem of a hydrangea plant. Bend and insert this section of the stem in the soil. Let the upper tip of the stem 6-12 inches remain uncovered with soil. Roots will start growing from the part of the stem under the soil and the plant will be ready to be replanted within 6 months. Hydrangea's can be replanted on the ground in a mass or even in a large container in a mixture of composted organic leaf matter and soil, 8-10 inches thick. The top
of the root should be in level with the surface of the soil and should be watered thoroughly. It grows well in rich moist but well drained soil. Partial shade to light sun gives the best results. The plants gets established 4-8 weeks after transplanting. After that several light application of a complete fertilizer is good during its growing months. Prune the stems and flowers heads and as soon as they begin to fade for splendid foliage, but avoid pruning after August when the flower buds begin to form. Pruning in late summer can reduce flowering in the next season.
WHERE TO PLANT HYDRANGEAS: Sun or Shade
All hydrangeas will bloom and grow well in morning sun and afternoon shade. This is especially true of the commonly grown Hydrangea macrophylla. Macrophylla hydrangeas are the blue and pink mopheads and lacecaps. The further north one lives the more sun hydrangeas need and can withstand. While mophead hydrangeas can grow well in all-day sun in Chicago, they would struggle to survive in afternoon sun in Atlanta. Some visitors to this site who live in cooler climates such as the northeast or northwest report that their hydrangeas do beautifully in full sun all day. No hydrangea will do well in HEAVY shade, such as under a shade tree. The
blooms will be sparse and will not develop fully. If your landscape is mostly sunny (and hot), you may wish to grow the PeeGee (paniculata) hydrangea, which thrives in all day sun as long as it receives adequate moisture. PeeGee hydrangeas actually need at least 5 hours of sun per day to bloom well. The Oakleaf hydrangeas will also grow in sun or shade, but the blooms last longer if they get a little afternoon shade in hot climates. The leaves on the Oakleaf hydrangeas will "color up" best in the fall if they receive some sun.
HOW TO PLANT HYDRANGEAS
VERY IMPORTANT: Choose a location where your hydrangea can reach its full size without pruning. For normal sized hydrangeas, expect the plant to reach at least 4 ft. X 4 ft. Hydrangeas are almost impossible to keep pruned to a smaller size than they ultimately wish to grow. Plant in well-drained soil! If soil is heavy, add roughage such as pine bark mulch (Make sure it's ground BARK not ground WOOD). Do not over water, esp. in clay soil. This can lead to root rot. Do not plant too deeply. Plant at the same depth the hydrangea was planted in the pot. (see diagram below) Plant in early summer or fall. Transplant a hydrangea when it has become dormant and has lost all of its leaves (late fall or winter).
● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●
MORE TIPS FOR PLANTING
● Place the hydrangea in an area where it can get plenty of moisture. Supplemental moisture is especially important the first year or two and during droughts. Hydrangeas planted under a tree often fail to thrive. This is because trees roots are very aggressive and are drawn to the rich, moist soil usually provided for hydrangeas. No matter how many of the tree roots you remove to make room for the hydrangeas (and be careful not to remove too many), the roots will all be back within a year (unless you remove too many and kill the tree!). Also, as mentioned above, under large hardwood trees the light is often insufficient for growing hydrangeas. If grass won't grow in the area, hydrangeas probably won't either.
● ● ●
The Oakleaf hydrangea is more temperamental about "wet feet" than the other types. Make sure that the Oakleaf will get perfect drainage in the area in which it is planted or the roots may rot. This is especially true when it is first planted. After the Oakleaf becomes established, it is very easy to grow.
BEST TIME TO PLANT HYDRANGEAS
to get good results. and even good nurseries have difficulties keeping varieties separated when they are not in bloom. Twice I have planted mopheads when I thought I had lacecaps. purchase a hydrangea while it is in bloom. . plant in early summer or fall.Hydrangeas purchased from a garden center have been growing outdoors in a pot. This allows one to see how the plant will bloom. You may get stuck with a plant that is labeled "Annabelle" but the blooms turn out to be small and fuzzy. keep these considerations in mind: ● Although it is not always possible. ● ● ● Whenever possible. DO NOT LEAVE IT ALONE. 'Annabelle' doesn't always bloom properly. Be on hand to give it some TLC and to keep it well watered. Don't plant in early spring when frosts are still possible. However. After planting a hydrangea. Too often we rush to get our shrubs planted before we leave on vacation. Additionally. ● ● ● ● ● ● Don't plant a hydrangea during the hottest part of the summer unless it can't be helped. I've lost two leafed-out plants that were killed when a late frost hit them. They can be planted at any time of the year. Hydrangeas are often mislabeled.
Each year I purchase a few for the house. However.GIFT HYDRANGEAS (The Foil Wrapped Hydrangeas) Hydrangeas that come wrapped in colorful foil are beautiful. dramatic display. these hydrangeas have special needs. Here is a page for more on "Foil-Wrapped Hydrangeas" TRANSPLANTING HYDRANGEAS . These hydrangeas have been grown in a greenhouse and are meant to provide a one-time.
● ● ● Replant the hydrangea in an area that is shaded during the afternoon. This will not only help the plant to survive. dig up as much of the rootball as possible.Most people know that "transplanting" means digging a plant up from one location and planting it in another. so you might want to get some help with this. ● ● ● If you transplant while your hydrangeas are dormant (the best time).e. the plant may be VERY heavy. but if your ground isn't frozen. after most of the leaves have fallen off the hydrangeas. i. TRANSPLANTING TIPS ● When digging a hydrangea to transplant. but it is the preferred location for hydrangeas. especially in the South. water . January and February are fine. Authorities agree that the BEST TIME to transplant hydrangeas is when they are dormant. Since the roots are fibrous and form a ball filled with soil. too. When I lived in SC we transplanted hydrangeas in late November to late December.
one of the popular flowerbed plants is the most dependable summer annual. The best way to water is deeply. and with variegated forms. However do not over-water. It is a native to the tropical forests of East Africa. mist the leaves each day until they recover. Busy Lizzy. ● ● ● ● ● Hydrangeas must be kept watered very well the first and second summer after they are transplanted. but sometimes dark green or reddish green. This is especially true for Oakleaf hydrangeas which will rot in a heart-beat if they stand in soil that is wet when first planted. If your soil does not drain well. The flowers most widely available come in a . throughout summer : Multicolor Flowering Season Colour Impatiens. ● ● ● ● ● ● If the leaves wilt and the soil is moist enough. They may need no more water until spring when warmer weather arrives. Watering every day can be just as destructive as allowing the plants to dry out. do not allow it to remain soggy around the hydrangeas. jewel weed : May until early frost. touch-menot. Scientific Name Family Common names : Impatiens Wallerana : Balsaminaceae : Common Impatiens. Use a hose to water rather than a sprinkler system. These plants have thick stems and leaves are usually medium green.them deeply one time.
charcoal and bits of brick. Seeds will germinate in one to two weeks. They are moderately difficult to grow from seed. pink. white etc. Red. perlite. Plants require well-aerated medium (coarse soil mixes) with good water retention capacity. The plants are grown in pots and even on the trunk of tree ferns. blooms almost continuously in good conditions. compost and soil best in summer(3) Gravel (grain sand). It requires warmth and humidity. pink. The medium of planting can be (1) mixture of peat moss. The 2-inch flower blooms from May until early frost. The blooms or spathe (modified leaf) seen in white. is a tropical perennial with big. A handful of pressed neem seeds has to be soaked till you get a real foul smelling liquid. However. orange.number of colours from red. It is an excellent plant for interiors and as cut flower arrangements. A diluted liquid fertilizer can be fed every two weeks. cream or green can last up to 8 weeks. dark green foliage. Anthurium. They are sometimes known as Touch-menots. Semi shade is best for the plant. red. heart shaped flowers and shiny. Pink. Flamingo flower : White. Scientific Name Family Common names : Anthurium spp. Re potting every year and use of rain water is beneficial. This is . A solution of pressed neem seeds acts as a pesticide and fertilizer. Chlorinated water (Tap water) and the use of insecticides is harmful. Seed are sown in a mixture of sand. This beautiful foliage plant. Propagation and Care Impatiens is an easy-to-grow plant from seed or cuttings. Care Dead or rotted foliage at the base and any faded flowers should be removed. salmon. Cream or Green Colour Anthurium originally from Mexico. : Araceae : Tailflower. Planting Plants are propagated by division from older or larger specimens or from a tissue cultured plant. loam and organic matter (cow dung) in equal proportion. good drainage is also essential and important as too much water rots the roots and causes sudden yellowness of leaves. pine bark in 1:1:1 ratio (2) Coconut fibre. They are also seen in bicolours and double flowering forms.
Europe. The seeds will germinate in a little over a week. the seedlings should-be transplanted.strained and diluted more and sprayed. Native to Asia. well-drained soil and full sun. it is best to use a shallow flat. blue. The wet soil in the bottom will furnish enough moisture so that the boxes will not have to be sprinkled until after the seedlings are up.150 genera and a huge number of species seen almost all over the world originating from North America. The propagation is through seeds. often tall. Sow the seed in rows 2 inches apart. China etc. stems. Their colors vary from white to creamy yellow. and finish filling with soil just moist enough to handle nicely. red and purple. Spraying diluted coconut water is great for flowers. The large China Asters are the most common form grown by florists and gardeners. Scientific Name Family Common names Flowering Period Colour : Callistephus Chinensis : Asteraceae : Aster. Pests cant stand the bitter taste of neem. Before sowing. this lovely flowering annual is worth the little extra effort it takes for growing. Add one-forth well rotted manure and enough sand to the soil to prevent the soil from becoming hard. sterilize the seeds with organic mercuric compounds to prevent stem rot and damping-off. For sowing of seeds. Propagation Asters need fertile. They do well in beds. Use rich soil in the bottom of the flats and ordinary soil above as further protection against disease. This natural pesticide / fertilizer is good for all plants. It has a wide array of varieties and the height ranges from 6 inches to 3 feet. Set the seedlings 3 to . As soon as several true leaves have grown. They have daisy-like or star-like flower heads (4-6" in diameter) with a yellow center on leafy. Most species of Aster are perennial and generally bloom in August. on all the plants. sandy. cover with fine sand and press firmly. Fill the flat half or two-thirds full. China Aster : AugustSeptember : Various The family Asteraceae have an estimated 1. borders or pots and are a favorite as cut flowers because of their longevity. water thoroughly. pink.
Purple. White. burn them and stop growing China-asters for a few years. Leaves covered with small white hairs have a gray. If plants are badly diseased. Scientific Name Family Common names : Centaurea cyanus : Composite : Bachelor's Button. Water well in dry weather. The plants will grow to a height of 6-10 inches to 3 feet and a width of 6-18 inches. virus diseases. Pinch off faded flowers and yellowing foliage regularly to encourage new blooms. Seedlings can be transplanted 12 inches apart in the garden in a mixture of soil and organic mix. root rot.9 inches apart depending on the variety. Seeds can be sown indoors in pots or outdoors in September. The flowers commonly seen in blue are small about 1 to 1 1/2 inches across with petals flaring out. The seeds germinate better if they have been kept in refrigerator for few days before sowing. . this annual plant is now found through out the world. Cornflower : June-July : Blue. Care Since they are prone to wilt disease. Red Flowering Period Colour A native to Europe.green appearance. Planting The plants are propagated through seeds. Pink. foot rot. and aphids. The multistemmed plant grows up to 1-3 feet with grayish green foliage and yields many flowers through out the summer. avoid planting in the same location year after year. These flowers usually self-sow and come back from year to year. The plant prefers full sun in various soil types for best results.October or in March. Shading plants prevents injury from the tarnished plant bug and yellows. The blooms are excellent for dry flower arrangements as they retain their colour when dried. The seeds take about one and a half weeks to germinate.April.
The plants may self-seed in the garden. tender annual plant is a species of impatiens. Plants with three or four shoots bloom better than those with many shoots. They develop good root systems and may be transplanted even in full bloom. pinch back young plants and water regularly. bicolour etc. violet. but afterwards they should be well watered. this erect. sparsely-branched. For balsams. The seeds can be sown directly in the garden and it will sprout in one to two weeks or they can be started indoors in small pots to stall full growth and make them more compact and for earlier blooms. Remove weak shoots which form at the base of the plants. Balsam does not tolerate wet or cold weather. red. rose. Propagation and Care Balsams can easily grown in evenly moist. They can be planted as borders or low hedges. For bushier growth. These plants which grows upto 18inches tall have thick-juicy stems and medium spiky edged light green leaves. Flowers can be single or double around 2 inches diameter. . Enrich the soil with compost and transplant in ground 12 to 14 inches apart or in pots. Lady Slipper : Varied Colour Native to Southeast Asia. well-drained soils in full sun to half shade. close to the stem and the colour ranges from white.Scientific Name Family Common names : Impatiens Balsamina : Balsaminaceae : Balsam. After transplanting the plants may wilt for a day or two. They can be placed indoors during heavy rains. Garden Balsam. there is no serious insect or disease problems. organically rich. pink. bloom singly or in small clusters from the leaf axils.
Dutchman's Trousers : May-August : Red. Foliage dies down in the fall. space rows 3 feet apart. and the inner petals are white and exerted. organically rich soil in part shade to full shade. cutting through one side. there is no serious insect or disease problems. well-drained. division of the roots or from young shoots which start from the soil. Care For the Bleeding Heart. Planting Bleeding Heart requires average.0-7. .5 and feed lightly. Pink. The Bleeding Heart is fine for the border or margins of shrubbery. red or white outer petals with strongly reflexed tips. Some susceptibility to aphid infestations. The pH can range from 6. deeply divided and fern like foliage and blooms are borne on arching flower stems above the foliage. Best growth is obtained when plants are spaced 2 feet apart and if planted in rows. Occasionally stem rot appears but this can be prevented by planting in clean soil. There is a variety with white outer petals and an exerted red flower like inner petal. with top dressing applied yearly. heart-shaped flowers have rose pink. Bleeding Hearts are excellent perennial for the shade garden and they are very attractive with their light transparent green colour. The plant takes 2 years to mature and grows to an average of 2 to 3 feet long. Bleeding Hearts are propagated from seeds. 5-10-5 commercial fertilizer. White Flowering Season Colour Native to Japan. Roots can be taken carefully by digging a section of the plant from a mature plant. These shoots or the roots should be divided just before they start growth. medium wet. Their 1 inch. It should be planted in an area where trees or roots of other plants will not compete for moisture or nutrients.Scientific Name Family Common names : Dicentra Spectabilis : Fumariaceae : Bleeding Heart. Organic matter in the soil will supply all the protection the roots need. It can be grown as pot plants or on the ground and they do best if planted in wellrotted manure or compost.
Cuttings can propagate plants easily. climbing woody vine. is ideal for bonsai. Paper flower : March to May : Red. an arch or a tree on the ground and in pots.Because Bleeding Hearts last for years. Tiny white flowers usually appear in clusters surrounded by colorful papery bracts. orange. scarlet. the root need not be more than 3 feet long. a native of Brazil is a deciduous (leaf losing). warm weather and well drained soil to flower well. pink. Dig up in early spring but be sure to handle the roots very carefully because they are extremely brittle. Bougainvilleas available in a variety of species. can be replanted in sandy soil with bottom heat and moisture. yellow. Single and double flower forms are available. hence the name paper flower. purple. white. The woody trunk tends to be twisted and the thin stem have sharp thorns and dark green leaves. Half-ripened or old woodcuttings in six to twelve inch lengths may be rooted April to June. The shoots. They need full sunlight light. Cuttings should be planted in a shady area until they form roots. . New planting locations should be well marked and cleaned removing dormant stems remaining if any. Bougainvilleas can be easily grown as a hedge. Scientific Name Family : Bougainvillea Glabra : Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clock family) : Bougainvillea. lavender Common names Flowering Season Colour Bougainvillea. a few inches in length. they will probably become overcrowded and need dividing in 3-4 years. Bougainvillea does best in dry conditions. Each piece of root division should have an eye or bud however. Planting Bougainvillea may be grown from root cuttings and branch cuttings.
There are many hybrid varieties in a variety of colours and sizes with no fragrance. They bloom mainly during cool times of the year. It is best to take carnation cuttings in early Fall. Gilly Flower : Various Colour Native of the Eurasia. Make sure the compost is moist but not wet. Poke into well-drained soil in pots or in a seedling tray. In fact. Transplant in pots or on the ground when large enough to handle and the plants will bloom in 6 .9 months or a year. Mist spray occasionally and keep it moist. Clove pink. If properly treated. semi-double rosy. especially early winter. Carnations. but the best shoot come from cuttings off a year-old plant after it has bloomed. purple or white flowers. Observing a mature clump of carnations. Propagation can be done by seeds. Dianthus in Greek means 'Flower of Zeus' or Divine flower. most garden varieties grow 10 to 20 inches tall. Planting Carnations require fertile. There are hundreds of more hybrid varieties. They should be planted 12-18 inches apart. carnations will last up to a month. seek out sturdy stems pointing away from the centre of the clump. They will root at the swollen node hidden beneath each leaf. layering or division. Divine flower. Seeds can be sowed. They are great plants to grow in gardens and can be used as cutflowers. biennial and perennial herbs in the genus Dianthus. well-drained soil and 4-5 hours of full sun each day. cuttings. the flower stem is often the only place where a carnation will form a stalk long enough to take a cutting from. neutral.Scientific Name Family Common names : Dianthus Caryophyllus : Caryophyllaceae : Carnation. If you look at the bottoms of . leaving 1 node for roots at the bottom and one at the top for the growth to come out of. The plants have grayish-green foliage and fragrant. Layering is the easiest way to propagate carnations and the plant will do this themselves once mature. and trim off the top. Cut at an angle just below a node. slightly alkaline. the most popular garden plant is one among some 300 species of annual. The seeds will germinate in 2 to 3 weeks. Cuttings can be taken off any carnation. 1/8 inch deep in a well drained mix in spring or early summer. Carnations will grow from 2" to 3 feet high.
you can promote rooting by bending them down to touch the soil. Cut off any flowers that are growing on that particular stem. hairy tail like crimson drooping red flower clusters. Acalypha Hispida is very attractive with its bright green leaves toothed on the margin and long. The cuttings can be planted in a sandy potting mix with adequate bottom heat. Within a few weeks you will see your new plant rooting. Fertilizer can be added for best results. Keep them pinned down with a rock. It grows rapidly with good water and fertilizer. Planting Acalypha Hispida requires bright light. This perennial shrub may reach a height of 2 to 3 meters. They can also be propagated by division. Care . a stick. Care Carnations need some hours of full sun each day and should be kept moist.these stems they will often be rooted. Replant each new division in a well drained mix and keep it moist. Chenille Plant : Throughout the year : Red Flowering Season Colour Probably from Australia or Malaysia. and if they are not yet. For continued blooming feed lightly every 6 to 8 weeks with an all-purpose (10-10-10) liquid fertilizer. well drained soil and warm conditions. or whatever else. The flowers can reach up to 10-50cm long and are usually red. Avoid over-watering as it may tend to turn the foliage yellow. Spent flowers should be removed promptly to promote continued blooming. cut this new plant away from the mother plant and repot in well-drained soil. This plant can be propagated from cuttings and needs great care. Dig up the whole non productive clump of an old plant. but there is a white form called 'Alba'. Scientific Name Family Common names : Acalypha Hispida : Euphobiaceae : Red Hot Cat's Tail. Once the roots seem 4 to 5 inches long. It can be grow in a standard potting mix or on the ground. Gently and carefully separate the plant segments with your hands or gardening fork.
once the plant . Plants come in a wide array of sizes/ forms from as low as 12 inches to as tall as 6-8 feet with flowers ranging from half-inch to giant sizes. When the sprouts have two or more sets of true leaves (about five weeks) transplant them to three-inch pots and plant them outdoors. orange to yellow. Dahlias last long as cut flowers. root division or cuttings. spiky with single or double forms. 000 cultivars. They need moist soil and indirect light. Seeds can be sown 1/2 inch deep in a well drained medium in a container.Careful pinching and pruning is necessary to keep Acalypha Hispida from becoming too tall and untidy. For tall plants. The blooms are curvaceous. In March or April divide the clumps of the tuberous roots with a sharp knife and take care that each division has a part of the crown that has a bud. form tuberous roots the first year. Dahlias can be annuals which flower the first year from seed or perennials which take longer to mature and flower. 000 species with some 20. Perennial dahlias are generally purchased as tuberous roots. Singleflowered dahlias produce lots of seed. indoors or outdoors (in warm regions) usually during March/April. when the plant is kept inside. Dalia : July. The tubers can be planted horizontally with the eye upward (the new growth bud) 3 to 4 inches deep in light soil or sand and should be spaced 6 to 36 inches apart depending on the ultimate size of the plant. Dead flowers should be removed. Watering should be minimal in winter to avoid sogginess. Red spider mites. These tuberous roots can be saved for use next year. Genus of about 30. Colours range from white to red.October : Varied Dahlia is a flowering plant from Mexico. scales and mealy bugs can be a problem. propagation should be done by cuttings or tuberous roots. The seeds will sprout in 7-21 days. Annuals. It is easy to grow except in cold conditions or extreme hot dry weather. pink to dark purple and shades thereof. It is from seed that new varieties are produced. To obtain a same variety of a particular dahlia. Propagation and Planting Dahlias can propagate or multiply from seeds. Scientific Name Family Common names Flowering Season Colour : Dahlia : Compositeae : Dahlia.
Pruning and disbudding is necessary if good blooms are to be grown. If only one bud is allowed to develop. In 2 or 3 weeks.. moist sand. the cuttings will root and you can replant them in pots or in the garden. strong leaves. Scientific Name Family Common names Flowering Season Colour : Crossandra infundibuliformis : Acanthaceae : Firecracker flower : Throughout the year : Coral/Apricot. Dahlias need full sun and appreciate steady moisture and regular feedings until the flowers start to appear. The lustrous pointed leaves are 3 to 5 inches long and the flowers bear 4 to 6 inch long spikes. This tropical perennial shrub with attractive dark green leaves and bright salmon-orange flower will grow up to 3 to 4 feet tall. plant the cuttings in clean. pinch out the growing shoot after plants have produced 4 to 6 pairs of good. it can be secured loosely to a stake so that it stands steady. the largest possible flower will be produced. Dahlias can be propagated from cuttings to increase the number of plants. It takes about 6 weeks from the time buds are removed until another series of buds is formed and about three weeks longer for the buds to open. The plant may take 6 -to 8 weeks before any growth becomes visible above ground level. When the third or fourth set of leaves forms. Orange Native to South India and Srilanka. The flower shades range from the more common orange . To get maximum sized flowers. A fertilizer in the ratio 0-20-20 can be applied around the hole where each tuber is planted. have slender corolla tubes about an inch long and a spreading three to five lobed lip.attains sufficient height. manure or peat moss or bone meal or by adding vegetative refuse such as leaves etc is the ideal medium for planting Dahlias. A number of buds will appear at the top of the stems. some of these buds should be pinched out. Care A light loose sandy soil with organic matter i.e. For a bushier plant. Watering deeply once a week or everyday in hot weather should be ideal. firecracker is a small evergreen shrub commonly used as a flowering houseplant.
The blooms are big with red/ pink spikes and yellow specks at the ends and lasts for about a week. The fully grown . It is a shade and water loving plant but can tolerate full sun. The planting compost should consist of equal parts of loam and peat moss with sand added for drainage. The propagation is through seed or stem cuttings in summer (March). It is an insect and disease free plant and blooms throughout the year. It is cultivated in fields Propagation and Care Firecracker flower prefers light. A native of Africa. Scientific Name Family Genus Common names : Haemanthus Multiflorus : Amaryllidaceae : Scadoxus : Foot ball lily. Trim the plants regularly to keep a compact form. African Blood Lily. this plant grows well in all tropical places. The plant grows in the first stage till November/December. well-drained soils in part shade. The leaves are smooth and dark green in colour and fresh ones appear after flowering. can be kept indoors during frost. gravel and dried cow dung powder. Pink Flowering Period Colour This lily with its peculiar round shape is also known as powder puff or globe lily. The seeds will germinate after 3-4 weeks and over a period of a couple of months depending on the freshness of the seeds. organically rich. Fertilize twice a month with a balanced fertilizer diluted to half the strength recommended. It should be kept moist but not overly wet. Planting Bulbs or saplings can be planted during February / March in pots filled with equal parts of sand. It can be grown in pots or containers and as a hedge plant. Plants are vulnerable to cold and frost. The plant grows to a height of 12-18 inches and blooms only once a year.shade to red and yellow. Its lifecycle completes in two stages. Powder puff Lily : April to May : Red. medium wet. It comes in pink and red shades. There is another in white colour known as Haemanthus virasense.
Scientific Name Family : Gerbera jamesonii : Asteraceae/Compositae (Daisy Family) : Gerbera. Plants can be propagated by scoring the base of the bulb to promote new bulb-lets and by sowing seeds. red. basal cuttings or through dividing. With the help of the food stored in these bulbs. Barberton daisy : All year round : white. Fresh leaves start appearing after the flowering stage. There are many hybrids that come in white. African daisy. There will be more than ten leaves in a plant. There is no need for chemical fertilizers. Transvaal daisy. Needs more sun while blooming. Seeds should be sown as soon as it is collected as they does not store well. purple & yellow Common names Flowering Period Colour Gerbera flowers comes in vibrant colours adding beauty to your garden. cream. the flowers bloom in the second stage. purple or violet. Gerbera flowers all year round. These plants can be planted in gardens. orange-pink. It has around 40 species spreading from Africa across to Madagascar into tropical Asia and South America. Planting Propagation may be achieved through seeds. These plants are usually grown in greenhouses and are used for cut flowers. cream.leaves die off in winter and the bulbs remain dormant. medium green in colour spread out in a circle parallel to the ground. Its cut flowers last long and gives colour and beauty to any room. Manure made of dead leaves gives the best results. mixed containers and pots. Basal shoots or cuttings from the parent plant should be taken in summer (MarchApril). yellow. Gerbera are plants with a height up to 18 to 24 inch and 4 to 10 inch diameter flowers. orange. pink. Seeds are sown or cuttings can be inserted in sandy soil until the saplings become an inch tall or the cuttings form roots. Plants grown from seeds can differ . The dormant bulbs should be lightly watered once in a while.
After that flowers will lessen and the growth of the plant will get stunted. The settled plants lasts for 3 to 4 years. Seeds are sown or cuttings can be inserted in sandy soil. It is easily grown in fertile. High source of light can give an abundance of flowers. Until the plants settle. medium wet. ovate to elliptic. When repotting ensure the crown of the plant is above the level of the soil. Healthy Gerberas are rarely bothered by pests. Remove old leaves regularly to prevent fungus infections.from the parent plant and seeds which do not germinate within about twenty days are likely not to germinate at all. The short-stalked. Fungus and stem rot is a common problem with over watered plants. The propagation is through seeds and also by stem cuttings taken in summer. Rain of Gold : Throughout the year : Bright yellow Flowering Season Colour Native to the tropical areas extending from Mexico to Guatemala. well drained soil in bright sunlight to part shade. Gold Shower. dried organic mix. glossy 1 to 2 inch leaves are light green in colour and the small 3/4 inch wide yellow flowers are held in clusters at the stem tips. Replanting is done in April. Thyrallis makes a great background plant for perennial beds. Flowers are followed by three part seed capsule. For best results the plants need a liberal amount of sun and water. After that no shading is necessary. Scientific Name Family Common names : Galphimia Glauca : Malpighiaceae : Golden Thyrallis. Grows best in bright sunlight and can be trimmed into compact shapes. they should be kept in shades and sprinkled with water. loam. Propagation and Care Thryallis are easy growing plants and blooms almost all year around. This evergreen tropical shrub which grow to a height of 4 to 6 feet has a dense amount of foliage and slender stems covered with red hairs. Half day of direct sun and half day of partial shade and remaining slightly moist at all times is ideal. This plant is excellent for low hedges and can also be used as borders and in pots. The saplings (germinated seeds) and the cuttings can be replanted in pots filled with a mixture of sand. Enrich the soil with .
Water regularly and fertilizer can be added for best results. yellow Flowering Season Colour Ixora is a common flowering shrub said to be a native of Asia. White. The flowers are found in a wide range of colours. Manure like 100g oilseed extracts (Neem) and 100g Bone meal can be used for 1 feet mixture. put the above said mixture and plant the saplings. Plant 6 inch length stems in the mixture. Jungle Flame. that it is worth using it as an annual in cold conditions and replanted in the garden in spring after last frost date. Miniature ones have small leaves and are bushy. The only problem is its vulnerability to cold conditions.compost and transplant in ground 4 to 6 feet apart or in pots. 1part soil and one part dried cow dung powder. .large. cow dung with equal quantity and fill this mixture in a polythene bag. But thryallis grows so fast and blooms through out the year. with height around 1 meter and dwarf or miniature plants. plant height. Pink. The sap lings can be replanted into pots with 1feet radius filled with a mixture of 2 parts gravel. dig 8 inch wide holes. Take a mixture of sand. Planting Miniature types can be grown in pots and the large ones on the ground. When you plant on the ground. This plant which blooms throughout the year is easy to grow. Ixora flowers last well when picked and put into a vase with water. flower size and flower color. Thryallis does not need specific care and there is no serious insect or disease problems. There are about 400 species of Ixora and its flowers look delightful in gardens. Jungle Geranium : Rainy season : Red. making an attractive home arrangement. Although it grows in any climate the best time to grow is in the rainy season. They differ in leaf size. The plants grow more wild in shady areas. Scientific Name Family Common names : Ixora coccinea : Rubiaceae : Flame of the Woods. Occasionally remove leggy stems to keep the plant from looking unruly. Plants are of two types.
since . Always use acid forming fertilizers. The oval rich green leaves have five to nine leaflets. Keep the soil moist but well drained for optimum growth. The flower oil extracted from the two species Jasminum Officinale and Grandiflorum is used in high-grade perfumes and cosmetics. Grown all over the world for its fragrance. When growth slows in winter. Several types of jasmine are used as ornamental plants. Jasmine flowers are used to flavour jasmine tea and other herbal or black teas. oils. each up to 2½ inches long. Pruning also helps keep an abundance of flowers. Frequent pruning is required to grow it as a shrub of desired size. If planted on the ground. Scientific Name Family Common names : Jasminum Officinale : Oleaceae : Poets Jasmine. Africa and Australia. Keep adding 2tsp of a mixture of cow dung. the sweet -scented white flowers belongs to the genus Jasminum. Propagation and Planting Jasmine is propagated by cuttings of nearly ripe wood in summer. It is an evergreen semi-vining shrub native to tropical areas of southeast Asia. The potting soil should consist of 2 parts peat moss or cow dung to 2 parts loam to 1 part sand. hold back on watering. Flowers are about 1 inch and plant height is about 6 or 8 feet or 10 to 15 feet if grown as a vine. Common White Jasmine : April to September : White Flowering Season Colour Jasmine or Jessamine. such as creams. Cuttings are planted in 3-inch pots within 4 weeks. flowers are stringed together to make garlands. acid soil and well drained moist organic mix. set them at least 8 feet apart to help them bush out. and shampoos. Water once every day. soaps. In Asia. This seasonal plant contains about 150 species. bone meal and oilseed extract once every two months for best results.Plants will grow and flower in shade. but most ixoras do best in full sun. The flowers of one of the double varieties are held sacred to Lord Vishnu and are used as votive offerings in Hindu religious ceremonies. Jasmine can be grown as a wine or a shrub. then to 6-inches when pot is becoming filled with roots.
Jasmine can be produced on almost any soil type. Fill the tank with water at a level of 6-8 inches above the tuber. seeds can also be used to make new seedlings. . It grows in full sun to partial shade. and the flowers always. Sacred Lotus : March to May (planting) : White. This water plant is very easy to grow. since they are the most fragrant at daybreak. Planting Lotus can be planted in tanks around 2 1/2 feet deep. The best time to plant is from March to May. The common jasmine grows at the rate 12 to 24 inches a year. have a large number of petals and large circular thick leaves. raised above the water surface. Scientific Name Family Common names : Nelumbo nucifera. Usually tubers or bulbs are used for planting. : Nymphaeaceae : Chinese Arrowroot. cow dung and sand. its arching branches have to be supported on a mesh or trellis. Lotus Bean. Pink Best Season Colour Lotus. The leaves are sometimes. So tanks should be placed where there is plenty of sunlight. Sunlight is a must for the lotus plant to flower. You can grow fish in the tank to control pests. When in flower a single plant will strongly scent an entire room or patio on a still summer's eve. Fertilize monthly with a balanced fertilizer. known as flower of purity is the National Flower of India. Spread a layer of 3 inches thickness at the bottom of the tank. Flowers in pink and white. Make a mixture of compost. Lotus is considered sacred by the Hindus and the Buddhists. Tuber should be planted at 2inches depth inside the sand compost mixture in the tank. Flowers are picked in the early morning. and can be planted immediately. Full production begins after grafting in the second year. When grown as a vine.flowers are produced on new wood. with sufficient water supply and intermediate to warm temperatures. Seeds don't need stratifying. As the plant grows you can fill the tank with more water. This beautiful and fragrant flower blooms only for one day.
They are rarely disturbed by insects or diseases and can tolerate dry conditions and full sun. lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic. have a long flowering period and the colours range from orange. especially in hot weather. pinch out terminal buds to encourage laterals. The seeds can be sown directly in the garden anytime except winter or they can be started indoors for earlier blooms. Mulching (spreading a mixture of wet leaves to enrich the soil) between plants will help to conserve moisture. depending on the species and variety. Pinch young plants to promote bushy growth. The plants will spread out and become bushy. and as cut flowers. French Marigold (large flower heads) and African Marigold (small flower heads) are the two common species. Water deeply and regularly. : Asteraceae : Marigold : Varied Marigold is a fast growing annual herb which grows to almost 6-12" tall and produce single.Scientific Name Family Common names Colour : Tagetes spp. If growing as cut flowers. Planting Marigolds can be easily grown in all climates and require a well drained soil and good sunlight. Water well during dry weather. Space the plants 8-16 inches apart depending on the variety. This bushy plant with around 20 to 30 species. If given an early start. fluffy double or crested flowers. They are often used as a bedding plant. It can be grown in an informal border on the ground or in pots in a equal mixture of sand. Care Marigolds does not need specific care. Deadheading of spent flowers and faded leaves greatly enhances the plant's appearance during flowering. they will bloom throughout summer and autumn. cream to apricot. yellow. soil and compost. The pinnate leaves with toothed. Marigold is a common garden plant found throughout the world. backgrounds. semi double. as well as for edging. The plant can be kept indoor during heavy rains as too much water will wilt the plant. gold. . It can propagate or multiply from seeds or tender cuttings.
bacterial gall and scale may be a problem. native to Asia and the Mediterranean region. 4 to 10 inch long narrow dark green leaves and funnel-shaped flower clusters. Prune the tips of young plants to help stimulate the production of new branches and prune grown plants to control size and shape. When not actively growing. Dwarf varieties are suitable for container gardens. Fertilize regularly during the growing period. water plants sparingly and allow to dry out between watering. This dense plant which flowers abcan be used as borders. Oleander is an easy growing plant in most conditions. When in growth water often and allow plants to remain moist. Smoke from burning plant material can also be quite toxic.Scientific Name Family Common names Flowering Season Colour : Nerium Oleander : Apocynaceae : Oleander. It grows well in average. This species commonly produces many side shoots which can be replanted in their own pots in a standard mix of well drained sand and peat. Yellowing of new leaves indicates over watering. Kaner : April-September : Red. backgrounds and tall screens. especially in dry warm climates. Pink. the plant can be spaced 5-9feet apart depending on its variety. mites. splitting branches etc are the symptoms. Aphids. The shrub can be trained or pruned to a single or multi stemmed tree. single or double can reach 3 to 20 feet tall. Light Yellow Oleander is a large fast growing evergreen shrub. Plant saps can cause allergic skin reactions in some people so always use gloves while tending them. There are different varieties with varying heights and flowers in some varieties are delightfully fragrant. medium wet soils in full sun to part shade. hedges. Black deformed flowers. No serious insect or disease problems. White. In the ground. Propagation and Care Note : All parts of this plant are poisonous if ingested. Promptly deadhead spent blooms to prevent formation of non-ornamental seed pods. Propagation is through vegetative cuttings. This plant with glossy. Infected parts of plant must be .
It becomes a deeply satisfying and therapeutic activity. having a symbiotic relation with a special fungus. Flowers are produced from the stem between the leaves. This fungus invades the cells of the root's outer layer. oleander can be formed into very attractive small trees. According to their different growth habits. . If given the right climatic and cultural conditions. These roots will also often dangle free in the atmosphere. Orchids. with all the difference in size. though not always. orchids are generally divided into three main categories namely epiphytes. Varieties Hobby growers should try growing hybrids of Phalaenopsis. scent or lack of it. have always been considered difficult to grow. from the base of this growth. a new shoot develops and so on in a continuous cycle. Oleanders have a tendency to become leggy and should be pruned as needed to maintain a nice shape. and any decaying vegetation which the roots can contact. It is the lack of this fungus that prevents many terrestrial orchids from surviving when removed from their natural environment to an alien one. beautiful and peculiar variety among the flowering plants. shape. Terrestrials are soil loving plants growing in the ground. But given the right climatic and cultural conditions. Once the cultural needs of these fascinating plants are understood. they can thrive anywhere and will flower regularly. Remove and destroy any leaves damaged by leaf spot. humus and washed down soil. These plants belongs to the Orchidacae family. They derive their nutrients from the air. Paphiopedilum. Some species of orchids may flower two or three times a year and some flower annually. growing orchids is relatively simple. one of the most fascinating. Orchids are divided into two basic growth types. Epiphytes are suited for home culture and are grown perched high in the trees clinging to branches or in the trunk apex of the tree. providing the plants with the nutrients and is essential for the seed germination of most orchids. Sympodial orchids possess a rhizome which sends out a shoot. Caterpillars may chew on the foliage.cut away and disinfected with a solution of equal mix of bleach and water. but produce new growth from the crown of the plant. This protects the inner root tissues and absorbs water. protected by a sheath. Lithophytes can be seen covering the bases and forks of trees or filling crevices in rocks. They have no pseudobulbs. This develops into a stem and leaves and eventually produces flowers. colour. rain.000 species. they can thrive anywhere and will flower regularly. By removing suckers at the base of the plant. Vanda and Epidendrum. and leaving just a few stems. They can absorb a maximum supply of nutrients from decaying mosses. In time. namely monopodial and sympodial. Dendrobium. Monopodial orchids have a central stem which grows continuously from the tip. They are the most rapidly changing group of plants on earth with over 880 genera and 28. Oncidium. lithophytes and terrestrials. The buds are often. They have specialised aerial roots which have a white spongy layer of cells called velamen. usually alternately from side to side.
strap shaped leaves. This should create a plant that grows and blooms very well. where the temperatures do not get below freezing.ORCHIDS Cymbidium Orchid Common names : Cymbidiums Colour : White. waxy. They need high humidity. purple and even green. These semi-terrestrial orchid have narrow. orange. yellow. fleshy. orange. The blooms come in many different colors like white. They prefer open compost of fine orchid bark with a little humus or course peat mixed in it. While they . They contain around 44 species. have irregular. Cymbidiums are not difficult to grow if the needed requirements are provided to them. When new growth appears. Miniature cymbidium varieties produce smaller flowers of 1 to 3 " width. the large flowered types which come from the higher regions of the Himalayas and the Orient require cool conditions to flower well. Do not allow them to dry-out completely between watering. Fertilize them until they are through blooming. The blooms vary in size and this reflects their labeling. Flowers are very showy and can be as many as 20-30 blooms or more on a single spike. Without enough light many cymbidiums will not bloom. fertilize with a bloom-booster fertilizer. red. Simply feed them year round with a liquid 20-20-20 blend. Cymbidiums prefer daytime temperatures of 60 to 90 degrees and 40 to 50 degree temperatures at night. These excellent cut flower which last ups to six weeks. It can be grown outside year round. almost translucent petals with entire margins. It is propagated by rhizome division and are well grown in bright indirect light. The bark-based compost will reduce any risk of rotting. Center is often a contrasting color. leathery.. red. Standard cymbidiums have large flowers of 4 to 5 " width and reach 4-feet high. yellow. purple Cymbidiums are the best known and most widely grown of all orchids which will survive in almost any place.
some being smaller than a matchbox. Dendrobium can be propagated by cutting the old canes between the sections and laying them on fresh. yellows. it must be open enough to maintain some air around the roots. Dendrobium plants vary in size. Whichever medium is used. They are found from the orient and tropical Asia down to Australia. Because of the complexity of this genus. However larger the plant.500 species and possibly thousands of hybrids. reds. soggy composts. Dendrobium prefer open compost of either tree-fern fibre and perlite or bark-based peat. Plantlets will quickly develop at the nodes. place them in a shaded area because the sun will fade the pretty blossoms. the ideal temperatures are 60°-85° (16°-30° C). some varieties may prove to be shy to flower. damp compost. Some dendrobiums are deciduous while others are evergreen. They are epiphytic by nature and require good light and ventilation. They can stand temperatures from 45° to 95° F (7°-35° C). Dendrobiums are one of the few types of orchids that will bloom from the old pseudobulbs/canes. Cymbidiums can be repotted every alternate year or more frequently if the plant has deteriorated due to fungal infections or if rotting has occurred with over watering.are in bloom. Occasional misting on the foliage will help any moisture loss occurring during very warm days in tropical and sub-tropical climates. A cymbidium plant may sometimes becomes fairly large and it may be divide or split. Dendrobium Orchid Common names : Dendrobium Colour : Pinks. which will inevitably damage and rot their wiry roots. The flower spikes . orange Dendrobium hybrids are the largest group of orchid sub-tribe which contain more than 1. Some have pseudobulbs and others have jointed stems resembling canes. They cannot tolerate wet. lavenders. robust specimens measuring over 1 meter. the more flower spikes you can expect. others large. and they also bloom from the new growth.
yielding many plants from one stem and they are tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions. The spike is also prone to producing a keikis (baby plant) after flowering.to 4-inch-long roots. pink. Lavender or white flowers are borne in profusion on a well-grown plant and are long lasting. They are . reds. yellows. The blooms are all the colors of the rainbow .pinks. Epidendrium are easily propagated. There are at least four hundred species of epidendrum orchids. After flowering. The flowers last for 6 to 8 weeks and they make excellent cut flowers. Many species have a fragrance. the spike may be left on the plant and it will generally flower again in a few months.can be over two feet tall with over twenty blooms on them. The tall. thin. they can be detached and planted individually. and all shades in between. orange and purple. clumping growth habit with roots emerging from the base of the stems. When each offset has produced several aerial roots. reed-like growths constantly put forth new plantlets. They are relatively free of insects and flowers reliably throughout the year. The leaves of epidendrum orchids which grow up the cane are leathery and the small. It has an upright. is one of the most prolific groups and one of the easiest orchids to grow. sometimes called the poor man's orchid. at or below soil level. including outdoors. They are a prolific group in which offset plantlets are frequently produced on the cane. it can be cut from the parent plant and will frequently flower after one year of growth. lavenders. These Mexican natives require very little attention. Once these keikis develop their own 2. oranges and many mixed color combinations. beautiful one inch mini cattleya shaped flowers appear in a globular heads of 30 to 40 flowers at a time. The long-lasting blooms are borne at the top of a long spike. Epidendrum Orchid Common names : Poor man's orchid Colour : Varied Epidendrum hybrids. They are free flowering and the colours range from white to yellow.
propagated by plantlets that form after flowering. When fertilized regularly they respond immediately with denser flower spikes. remove old flower spikes and stems down to the base by snapping them clean with your fingers or cutting with sterile clippers. is the common species of Orchid which blooms round the year. native of Southeastern Asia to the Philippines. greener. Orange-Yellow Spathoglottis plicata or Ground orchid. Light pink. They are best grown in a compost consisting of bark. Epidendrium orchids require copious amounts of fertilizer. Violet/Lavender. while those growing in full sun are usually self-supporting. These sun loving orchids needs bright light and can be grown in any fine-textured orchid mix. To keep the epidendrium plant tidy. Fertilize every two weeks with a diluted orchid food. Ground Orchid Scientific Name : Spathoglottis Plicata Family : Orchidaceae Common names : Ground Orchid Flowering Period : Throughout the year Colour : White. Plants grown in low light may need to be staked. They can tolerate wide range of temperatures and are able to stand temperatures in the 100º range without suffering. tree fern fiber and sphagnum moss. Don't let the plants completely dry between watering. This easily grown terrestrial herb has pretty. stronger leaves and more robust roots. During the growing season they require plenty of water and fresh air. arching broad leaves with prominent .
Propagation of Spathoglottis plicata is by division. In warm places. it looks like they are dancing. pink and magenta shades. peach. Remove dead or rotted foliage regularly. with many species. the flower spikes are . The flower spikes can grow over four feet in height and can be covered with hundreds of blooms. Oncidiums Orchid Common names Colour : Dancing dolls : yellow Oncidiums. Ground orchids can be grown as potted plants and also do well in beds and borders. Each bloom will last only a couple of weeks but. Heavy watering is essential during the growing season but allow the plant to get almost dry before watering again. The blooms resembles a girl. The plant requires medium shade to full sun and should be watered regularly. in full ruffled skirts. Before planting. yellow. Propagation and Care It is an easy to grow. or white and brown flowers are suitable if used alone or in combination with other orchids. dried cow dung and leaf mould. Some good fertilizer can be used to enhance its growth. and The leaves emerge from round pseudo bulbs that become increasingly multiple and larger as the orchid matures. enrich the soil with a mixture of garden soil. partial shade is ideal. When they are in a breeze. are easy to grow and are over 750 species and have thousands of hybrids. Addition of broken bricks and charcoal makes the growing medium loose for roots to spread easily. Many plants can be separated from the large clump and can be planted in individual pots or in ground 3 to 6 inches apart.parallel veins and a few or large cluster of small flowers at the end of a long stalk as tall as 1 metre arising from a basal leaf axil. referred to as dancing dolls. extremely adaptable orchid which blooms round the year. The flowers are seen from the morecommon purple to white. These dainty yellow and brown. Cut off the flower stems after it finishes blooming. tiny hands and hats. commonly.
Never let water touch the flowers or stand in the centerfolds of the leaves as doing so may cause rot. pink. Be sure to allow the plants to become totally dry between watering. vibrant orange and spotted and striped. and thrive in the low light conditions of the modern home. Phalaenopsis plants are very easy to grow and have beautiful flowers of vivid colours including white. Oncidiums are not hard to grow. They like plenty of bright light and the roots need to have a dry period between watering. They should be watered thoroughly and not watered again until the media is nearly dry. The ideal temperature is about 60 degrees at night and between 75 to 80 degrees during the day. and the glowing pinks and blushes. They require good air movement and humidity between 40% and 60%. They do not have a smell and may produce up to 15 or more flowers per spike. lavender. There are about 50 species in this genera with flowers of various shapes and colors. lavender and yellow. Watering should always be done in the morning to ensure total evaporation from the leaves by nightfall. The long arching sprays of flowers are thought to resemble a flight of pale moths in moonlight earning the plant the common name of Moth Orchid. This warm growing species demand plenty of heat and moisture. Some of them like to be grown mounted on cork bark instead of planted in a pot. spotted or barred. pink. Moth orchids like bright but indirect sunlight. Phalaenopsis orchids are pest free.so long that it could take weeks for all the blooms to open. The most popular colors are the soft whites with yellow or red lips. The flowers measure up to four inches. require little maintenance. The other shades of this orchid are deep red. are long lasting with individual blooms. . The blooms open along a long flower spike that is sometimes two feet in length. The medium should never be allowed to dry out completely. They come in many shades of colors and have flowers that can be solid in color. yellow Phalaenopsis or Moth orchid is the most popular orchids which are excellent for beginners. may remain open for six weeks or longer. Common names Colour : Moth Orchid : white. but their culture will vary according to the species.
tree fern fiber. charcoal. Be careful not to leave large air pockets in pots. a secondary spike will develop on the old stalk below the original flower head. remove all old medium from the roots. orange. trim off rotted roots. Young plants should grow fast enough to need repotting yearly and should be potted in a finer grade medium to allow good root contact. provided that medium is changed when needed. Root rot will occur if plants are allowed to sit in an old. this process will wake up one or two of the nodes and it may produce a new spray of fresh blooms. Frequently when a spike is cut. soggy medium. Yellow. scarlet. Use a stick to push the medium in between the roots. To extend the blooming season. The plants must be potted in quick draining mixes. To repot. chunky sphagnum peat. thus extending the blooming season. Fill the rest of the pot with medium. Common names Colour : Vandas : Yellow. The inflorescences appear from the axis of the leaves. so that the junction of the upper roots and the stem is slightly below the medium. orange. such as fir bark. count out 3 nodes (only the fleshy green nodes) from the base of the spike and cut the spike one inch above the third node. working through the roots. and spread the remaining roots over a handful of medium in a pot. If the plant is healthy and it's not too late in the blooming season. Mature plants are potted in a coarser medium may stay in the same pots for years. They have about 50 species from which the many hybrids are derived from the tropicsAsia and the orient as far down as Australia. Many Vandas . Keep plants in shade and wait for one to three days before watering. The wide range of colors which includes some fairly good blues and browns has added greatly to their popularity.Potting of Phalaenopsis is done in late spring or early summer after blooming has completed. They vary in size and some flowers sport exotic markings or can be covered with spots or stripes. deep purple and bright fuschia are all part of the vandaceous color palette. scarlet. Flowers are long lasting and appear in a cluster along the spike. deep purple Vandas (Vandaceous Orchid) are becoming popular among orchid growers and most of these are monopodial in habit. with aerial roots appearing along the stem. perlite or combinations of these.
come from Columbia. They will continue to grow anytime of the year if given warm temperatures and plenty of sunlight. are moderate temperature growers from the foothills. Miltonias may be a little difficult to grow. Vandas are heavy feeders and should be fed a balanced fertilizer often. white. day temperature is 70 to 85°F and night temperatures 55to 65°F. Miltonia's like an open compost that does not hold excessive amounts of water. high humidity and frequent watering. Although they may last for up to a month. tree fern fiber.have a powerful fragrance. It prefers tree-fern fibre mixed with perlite and bark composts. Flowers vary in colors . They are named in honour of Earl Fitzwilliam and Viscount Milton. . fragrant flowers are borne on slender arching stems and can reach to sizes of 2-3 inches in width.Red. For Miltonias. yellow Miltonia's are sometimes called the Pansy Orchid because their flat-faced. charcoal. Miltonia and Miltoniopsis. while the night temperature is 50 to 60°F. Miltonia Common names Colour : Pansy Orchid : Red. but if necessary temperature and lighting requirements are provided. The richly colored. Vandaceous orchids are fast growing and therefore prefer high light levels. sometimes 10 to 12 feet high. their bloom time is as short as that of a cut flower. They may grow to be very large plants. pink. white. Many of the orchids in these groups have nicknames like Scorpion Orchids or Spider orchids. pink with different colored markings and yellow. Vandas are often grown outdoors in hanging baskets during the summer months. The day temperature for Miltoniopsis type is 85°F. Growers have divided the Pansy orchids into two groups. open flowers resemble pansies in shape and markings. Potting should be done in a very open media to allow for rapid drying of roots. They prefer coarse media such as fir bark. they can be grown in the home or greenhouse. These charming irresistible plants bloom profusely. Vandas like warm temperatures with plenty of air movement. They normally grow best suspended in wooden baskets and require warm growing conditions with plenty of bright light. Miltonias are warm-growing orchids which come from Brazil and Miltoniopsis. coconut chips or any fast draining material.
Miltonia enjoy moist air. green Paphiopedilums are one of the best orchid groups to grow under artificial lighting. If the leaves are dark green. red. There are many spectacular hybrids available. and Neem Oil are the most efficient methods of pest control. increase shading. Repot the miltonias at least once every 2 years or when the potting medium begins to decay. spider mites and aphids. Paphiopedilums prefer filtered light. They can be grown in a variety of media. They require a potting mix that will keep their roots moist. They can only be raised from seed or division. ranging from bark mixtures. requiring a minimum of 55 to 65% humidity. They require humidity in the range of 40 to 60 percent. X-Clude. Their cultural requirements are not that hard to obtain making these orchids quite easy to grow in your home. increase lighting. Water carefully and do not allow water to stand in the leaves or soft rot may occur. Paphiopedilum Orchid Common names Colour : Lady Slipper : white. Paphiopedilums are shade-loving plants which will not tolerate excessively high light levels. marron. coconut chunks and fibres to peat concoctions. Depending upon the temperature. They are not fragrant. but have very interesting and colorful "lady slipper" shaped flowers. An increase in humidity is needed to reduce the stress on the plants when the temperature and lighting intensity increases. If the leaves turn yellowish green or reddish. The leaves on the miltonia plant should be light green. pink. They make super house plants with their flowers being long lasting. an encapsulated pyrethrum time-release insecticide. Paphiopedilums are curious plants which are often thought to be carnivorous because of the intriguing pouch that forms part of the flower. Fertilize approximately twice per month when new growth is developing.Miltonia grow throughout the entire year and must be kept evenly moist. chopped . and are about 60 species from Asia. yellow.India and New Guinea. Miltonias must be fertilized on a regular basis. Miltonias should be watered twice a week. Common pests associated with Miltonias are scale. They should be fed regularly with half-strength nitrogenous fertilizer.
sphagnum moss. They do not possess pseudo-bulbs like many other orchids. Sandy loams and garden soil are not recommended for growing paphiopedilums because they are semi-terrestrials. maroon. as they will tolerate only very weak solutions of feed at frequent intervals. Most plants will have one or two blooms measuring 2" to 5" across. the media around the roots should be kept moist and should not be allowed to get completely dry. They use their fleshy leaves for storing nutrients. The blooms have a waxy texture and will last six weeks or longer on the plant. There are some species and hybrids that do form a spike and have more blooms. High concentrations of fertilizers are likely to be detrimental to paphiopedilums in cultivation. pink. red. The leaves grow like a fan and the blooms raise up from the new growth. Many have hairs. green and the new "vinicolor" which is almost black. The blooms can be white. yellow. Therefore. Paphiopedilums come in a myriad of colors. They will grow successfully in almost any compost which is free-draining and retain enough moisture. stripes and other markings which make the blooms very interesting in appearance. and the two side petals sometimes hang down past the bottom of the pouch. The top sepal (petal) stands high and full above the pouch. warts. FERNS Ferns Order Filicopsida Types of Ferns . osmunda fibre and tree-fern fibre.
They are the reproductive structures of the fern.000 species have long life spans and some of them are good indoor growers as well. (sorus-singular). Some of them forms a low spreading mound. Others are evergreen. These are called spores and they grow inside casings called sporangia. spots or patches which are stuck onto the under surface of the pinnae. Many fern species shed its leaves annually. there are small clumps. plain green or variegated. dying back to the ground for winter. The large divided leaf of the fern is known as frond and they can be lacy or feathery.e plants with well developed internal vessels or vein structures that promote the flow of water and nutrients. This ancient family of plants existed long back. These garden plants with more than 12.Boston Christmas Spleenwor t Northen Maidenhair Southern Maidenhair Ferns are flowerless plants of the order 'Filicopsida' with beautiful green foliage. much before the evolution of flowering plants. They are vascular plants i. or are excellent for cut-flower arrangements. Boston Fern . providing attractive winter foliage in the garden. shape and range in sizes from the tiniest button fern to the large Boston fern. These pinnae is attached along a long central stem called rachis. Ferns vary in texture. The fronds vary from simple undivided ribbons to intricately divided and subdivided masses of tiny leaflets and these leaflets that make up the whole frond are called pinnae (leaflet). around two hundred million years ago. Sometimes the sporangia are tucked under a curled-over part of the margin of the pinnae. The sporangia are tiny and may clump together into what are called sori. height. Some ferns protect their sporangia with thin semi-transparent membranes called indusia. On the underneath of a fern frond. while others create a bold upright clump.
A good spray with water will usually dislodge any insects on the plant. It is a large variety having upright. It requires only indirect lighting and should be watered regularly. elegantly curved fronds divided into small leaflets (pinnae). graceful green foliage with long. The foliage arising from underground stems called rhizomes can grow up to 6 feet tall. When roots fill the pot. the most common and favourite fern. Propagation can be done from spores or by division. The round sori (clusters of spore-bearing organs) occur in two rows near the margins on the underside of the pinnae. rich in organic matter and high humidity. shady areas. the fern should be repotted. mealy bugs and mites are the most common insect problems. Sword Fern. the fern requires regular fertilization. During their growing season. Although they are considered generally pest free. The 3-5 feet long fronds are variously cut and the individual pinnae are about 3" and narrow. aphids. it likes a moist but not soggy soil. Wild Boston Fern Boston. Boston fern is usually grown in moist. Only moderate care is needed for its healthy growth. .Species Family Genus Common names : Nephrolepis exaltata Bostoniensis : Nephrolepidaceae : Nephrolepis : Boston Fern. Like the other ferns. has several varieties and is relatively easy to grow. It looks beautiful in hanging pots or on pedestals and can also be used as an indoor plant.
The fronds of these ferns vary in length from 2 to 3 feet. loamy. They look charming in the shade garden and can be planted in pots and on the ground. The leaves that cascade from the central roots are spiny toothed which makes them more decorative. There is no serious insect or disease problems. moist but well-drained organic soil in part to full shade. This fern does not spread. Christmas Fern Species Family Genus Common names : Polystichum acrostichoides : Dryopteridaceae : Polystichum : Christmas Fern. Christmas ferns have 12 to 18 inches fountain like clumps of fronds with leathery. however clumps will increase in size over time. Sori (clusters of spore-bearing organs) appear on the undersides of the pinnae only at the ends of the fronds. Canker Brake. has rich green leaves that grow in bouquet-like clusters. dark green. They are widely used for floral arrangements.Root rot may be a problem and adequate drainage should be provided to avoid the condition. It prefers humus-rich. They will tolerate a fair amount of sunlight if the soil is kept reasonably moist. It is done by replanting the divided rhizomes just below the soil. Dagger Fern The evergreen Christmas fern which resembles Boston fern. lance-shaped leaflets. Christmas ferns can be propagated through division and spores. .
limy loam in partial sun. The pinnae are perpendicular to the rachis and lie opposite to each other. Northern Maidenhair Fern . It prefer well-drained. The pinnae are about 5 mm wide and entire-margined below. but shallowly lobed toward the tip. It has dark purple-brown. Spleenwort fern has sterile fronds 3-6 inches long that are flat and spread from the center.Spleenwort Fern Species Family Genus Common names : Asplenium Trichomanes : Aspleniaceae : Asplenium : Maidenhair Spleenwort Fern This hardy evergreen fern grown in clusters is usually found on limestone but may also sometimes be found on other rocks. It somewhat resembles Northern Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum). moist. wiry stiff rachis (stem) and each front is divided into numerous pairs of oblong to oval pinnae (leaflets). It needs shade and excellent drainage. and are partially covered by the flap-like indusium. Spores (sori) are borne in 1-4 clusters arranged along the veins on the underside of the pinnae. Propagation is done by spores or division. toothed on the top and outer edge.
each frond or leaflet has 15 to 35 opposite pairs of smaller leaf segments with jagged margin along upper edge. Northern Maidenhair ferns are well grown in moist. They can be grown as an ornamental fern. Plants can be propagated by dividing the creeping rhizomes and planted them just below the surface. Clusters of spore sacs are found on the underside of leaflets. The fronds which are feathery and circular . loose. humus-rich. well-drained soil in part to full shade. They are relatively easy to grow and there is no serious insect or disease problems.Species Family Genus Common names : Adiantum Pedatum : Pteridaceae : Adiantum : Northern Maidenhair Fern This pretty. Southern Maidenhair Fern . shiny black or dark brown petioles (stem) will reach up to a height of 12-18 inches. grows outward in a flat. dainty and delicate fern with vivid bright green leaves on thin and wiry. fan-like position. They thrive in litter under trees and are favourites of shade gardens.
Division can be done in spring or autumn but early spring is the best. Southern Maidenhair Fern prefer highly organic soil in full shade to partial shade or partial sun. dark brown to purplish-black with a smooth. When planting outside they should be kept a very well sheltered position. The underground stem is creeping and short. This deciduous (leaf shedding) beautiful and graceful fern reaches 10 to 15 inches tall. It can be grown as an ornamental plant. polished appearance. on the surface of a humus-rich sterilized soil. slow-growing evergreen fern found throughout the world. growing in stands from its creeping rhizome bearing very-fine textured fan shaped leaves up to 50 cm long. Germination should take place within 6 weeks. The spores are contained in sporangia which are clustered into sori (clusters of spore-bearing organs). the stalks (rachis) long and slender. Pot on small clumps of plantlets as soon as they are large enough to handle and keep them damp until they are well established. It has clustered fronds (leaves) 10-60cm long which may be erect or spreading. Propagation is carried through spores or division. Spores are best sown as soon as they are ripe. . ovate. Do not plant outside until the ferns are at least 2 years old. Pinnules (leaflets) are 7-15 mm wide.Species Family Genus Common names : Adiantum Capillus Veneris : Adiantaceae : Adiantum : Southern Maidenhair Fern Southern Maidenhair is a small. They often have deep and irregular finelytoothed lobes. slightly asymmetrical with wedgeshape bases and rounded outer edges. preferably by putting a plastic bag over the pot. Requires an abundance of moisture in the air and in the soil. Keep the compost moist.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.