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Ignore drag (air friction) for this question. Take H as the height of the cliff. • Which of the paths would the cannonball most likely follow if the cannon barrel is horizontal? B • Now the cannon is pointed straight up and fired. Which of the following correctly describes the acceleration of the ball? A constant downward acceleration The acceleration of the cannonball after it is fired is the constant acceleration due to gravity. A battleship simultaneously fires two shells toward two identical enemy ships. One shell hits ship A, which is close by, and the other hits ship B, which is farther away. The two shells are fired at the same speed. Assume that air resistance is negligible and that the magnitude of the acceleration due to gravity is g. • What shape is the trajectory (graph of y vs. x) of the shells? parabola • For two shells fired at the same speed which statement about the horizontal distance traveled is correct? The shell fired at an angle closest to 45 degrees lands farther away. Consider the situation in which both shells are fired at an angle greater than 45 degrees with respect to the horizontal. Remember that enemy ship A is closer than enemy ship B. • Which shell is fired at the larger angle? A • Which shell is launched with a greater vertical velocity, Vy? A • Which shell is launched with a greater horizontal velocity, Vx? B • Which shell reaches the greater maximum height? A • Which shell has the longest travel time (time elapsed between being fired and hitting the enemy ship)? A A relief airplane is delivering a food package to a group of people stranded on a very small island. The island is too small for the plane to land on, and the only way to deliver the package is by dropping it. The airplane flies horizontally with constant speed of 200 mph at an altitude of 1000 m. The positive x and y directions are defined in the figure. For all parts, assume that the "island" refers to the point at a distance D from the point at which the package is released, as shown in the figure. Ignore the height of this point above sea level. Assume that the acceleration due to gravity is g = 9.80 m/S^2. • After a package is ejected from the plane, how long will it take for it to reach sea level from the time it is ejected? Assume that the package, like the plane, has an initial velocity of 200 mph in the horizontal direction. xo, yo,Vox, Yoy =0,1000,200,0 m, m, mph, mph t = 14.3s If the package is to land right on the island, at what horizontal distance D from the plane to the island should the package be released? Since there is no acceleration in the horizontal direction, the equation for x(t) is = Xo + Voxt • 1280 m • What is the speed Vf of the package when it hits the ground? 372 m • The speed at which the package hits the ground is really fast! If a package hits the ground at such a speed, it can be crushed and also cause some serious damage on the ground. Which of the following would help decrease the speed with which the package hits the ground?

This is why it would be nice for rescue teams to have hybrid airplanehelicopters. Of course. then they can just airlift the stranded group.Decrease the plane's speed and height. • .

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