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Ipshita Bansal HOD, Wisdom Submitted By: Anubhooti Rao(6407) Anupriya Tulsiyan(6408) Apoorva Gupta(6409) Arjita Goel(6410) Avnee Goel(6412) Ayushi Gupta(6413) Bhuvneshwari(6414) Bindiya soni(6415)
We choose her because…… By the name Maneka Gandhi the Picture of a lady comes in our mind who is, an Indian politician, animal rights activist, former journalist environmentalist, the widow of influential Indian politician, Sanjay Gandhi and a single Mother. Though related to Nehru-Gandhi family but not attached much with the political scenario of Nehru-Gandhi Family, she is popular for her own strong views and hold in Indian social welfare committees. Inspite of being related to most influencing family of the country raised her son Varun alone without any support of her in-laws while at the time of her Husband’s death Varun was merely at the age of a 100 days. Maneka Gandhi is an environmentalist who brought the issue of animal rights into mainframe, who sees no difference between the two. Based in New Delhi, India, she is the most active animal rights lawyer who not only say the things, she practically do something for those who can’t demand for their own rights. She regularly writes articles in the Newspapers and magazines and she had written many books over the same. Maneka Gandhi is the Symbols for Animal Love all over the world. Her determination and hard work is incomparable and that lead us to choose her only for our very topic for Biography analysis.
Content analysis: Maneka Anand Gandhi Constituency Aonla, Uttar Pradesh Born 26 August 1956 (age 53)New Delhi Political party Bharatiya Janata Party Spouse(s) Sanjay Gandhi (Deceased) Children Varun Gandhi Residence New Delhi Religion Sikhism
she announced at a press conference she would seek election to Parliament from the seat held by her brother-in-law Rajiv. which has been attributed to her nurturing the constituency and her Punjabi origins. the court found that "Democracy is based essentially on free debate and open discussion. She was born in Delhi and educated at the Lawrence School. Her other books were about Indian people names. Amethi. She was defeated by a huge margin. People For Animals. Indira Gandhi gifted her among other gifts. She is a cast member for the documentary A Delicate Balance. She won her first election in 1989 and served as Minister of Environment from 1989 to 1991 in the cabinet of V. She joined the Janata Dal in 1988 and served as the general secretary of JD 1988-1989. who had by then taken on responsibilities of Congress after her mother's assassination. Sanawar and later at Lady Shri Ram College for Women in New Delhi she earned an ISC. Personal life She married Sanjay Gandhi. She was the only candidate against Rajiv. She is not a vegan and has advocated this lifestyle on ethical and health grounds. She did modeling for Bombay dyeing and that was where she was spotted by Sanjay Gandhi. This led her mother-in-law Indira Gandhi to "throw her out" of the house. She has also authored a book under the same title. The revealing pictures were published apparently to discredit Jagjivan Ram. 2 . In July 1984. This went on to become the celebrated New Pension System (NPS) which was implemented for new recruits into the central government from 2004 onwards. Rashtriya Sanjay Manch emphasising on youth orientation.Gopalan v. She was appointed chairwoman of the Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) in 1995. "The case involved the refusal by the government to grant a passport to Gandhi. through the early phase of Project OASIS. 2009 from Pilibhit. she played a historic role in the Indian pension reforms effort. T. She is also BJP's candidate for the 15th Lok Sabha from the Aonla seat in Uttar Pradesh and she has won this seat. He was one of the contenders for the post of Prime Minister of India. In writing that decision. in the elections which were held just 2 months after Indira's assassination. Indira had accused her of uniting with her political enemies even as Maneka maintained she was loyal to her mother-in-law. a khadi sari made out of yarn spun by her father Jawaharlal Nehru when he was in jail. OASIS is an acronym for Old Age Social and Income Security.Maneka Gandhi is the daughter of Lt. a 1979 case involving freedom of movement. Maneka and her supporters were arrested and later released for staging illegal marches in New Delhi and Punjab.S. Anand and Amteshwar Anand. which has its shelters across India. Maneka accused Indira of physically and mentally abusing her.P. She started the organisation People for Animals in 1992 and it is the largest organisation for animal rights/welfare in India. Maneka Gandhi played a key role in the initiation and early thinking on these issues. While she was Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment. Col. In March 1983. she announced the formation of a new political party named after her husband. going up to the point where it was transferred to the Ministry of Finance (where Yashwant Sinha was minister) for implementation. Career in journalism As a journalist. Environmental activism Gandhi is a self-described environmentalist and animal rights leader in India. CPCSEA members carried unannounced inspections of laboratories where animals are used for scientific research were conducted. In June 1983. Her daring publication of the photos ran the risk of violation of obscenity laws. Her son Varun Gandhi contested and won as BJP's candidate in Indian general elections. She met him when she was 17 and got married within a year. She has won every time she has contested from Pilibhit except once. who defected from the Indira Gandhi government and helped bring Janata Party to power in 1977. She created the Department for Animal Welfare and served as its Minister along with her other portfolios." In its ruling in the case. expanded the scope and content of the right to life and liberty by introducing the concept of substantive due process to Indian law. Under her direction. for that is the only corrective of government action in a democratic setup. which thus restrained her liberty to travel. In 1996 and 1998. She contested the 2004 Lok Sabha elections on the BJP ticket and became Member of Parliament from Pilibhit. and Minister for Culture. She also anchored a weekly Television program named "Heads and Tails" highlighting sufferings meted out to animals due to their commercial exploitation. She described it as "centrist" and said its main focus would be on employment. a University of Delhi student. State of Madras (1950). she was reelected to the Lok Sabha as an independent member from Pilibhit in Uttar Pradesh and served in the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led governments as Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment. Maneka Gandhi made headlines for her shocking publication in Surya Magazine of photos showing sexual intercourse between Suresh Ram (son of the then Defence Minister Babu Jagjivan Ram) and Sushma Chaudhury.K. even though she has changed parties often and contested on different tickets. the Supreme Court of India in a departure from its earlier stand taken in its ruling in A. This is considered to be an indicator of her personal popularity in the region." Maneka had become politically active after Sanjay's death as she believed she was the rightful owner of Sanjay's legacy and was displeased with Rajiv being promoted as the new political heir of Indira. the son of the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in a civil ceremony on 23 September 1974. Singh. She runs an NGO. Political career Gandhi was the petitioner in the case of Maneka Gandhi v Union of India.
her mother-in-law. • Brahma's Hair. Sanjay was killed in a plane crash.Union Minister of State. • Animal Laws of India.Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (4th term) From Pilibhit parliamentary constituency • 13 October 1999. An editor of Surya India magazine. Ministry of Environment and Forests From Pilibhit parliamentary constituency • 5 August 2007 . • Chief Patron. PFA Haryana • Patron. She called for an independent commission to probe the assassination composed of "eminent persons with a reputation for honesty and fearlessness but who have no political connection". Positions held: • 1988-89 . • Heads and Tails. • Creator and presenter of weekly TV shows on animals and environment in English and Hindi. Programme Implementation • 1996 . • Natural Health for Your Dog. Months later. • 1001 Animal Quiz. The judge ruled that Indira. Culture with additional charge of Animal Care (Independent Charge) Programme Implementation and Statistics with additional charge of Animal Care (Independent Charge) • 18 Nov.Member. People for Animals.Union Minister of State (Independent Charge).2001. a Parsi and thus was not a Hindu.Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (3rd term) From Pilibhit parliamentary constituency • 1998-99 . Consultative Committee. • Penguin Book of Hindu Names.Union Minister of State. Prime Minister of India and her political opponent Mrs. Maneka publicly accused her mother-in-law and Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi of physically and mentally abusing her before throwing her out of the house where they lived after Sanjay's death. Committee on Health & Family Welfare • 16 May 2009 . Surya. Environment and Forests • 1998 . Committee on Health & Family Welfare.Union Minister of State. • First Aid for Animals. Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF).Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Social Justice and Empowerment • 1999 . Janata Dal (J. • The Rainbow and other stories. Social and cultural activities: • Founder Member. 1976-80. • Chairperson. Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards. Maneka condemned the assassination as a "frightening act of violence".1 September 2001.onwards Member. after Maneka signalled her intention to step into her late husband's shoes in the Congress. Environment and Forests • Jan.-April 1990 .30 June 2002 . Gandhi entered politics in 1982 after her husband's death in a plane crash. • Widely read columnist: writer on animal welfare and environment. Committee on External Affairs • 2004 .Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (2nd term) From Pilibhit parliamentary constituency • 1996-97 . • Animal Activism and Laws.) • 1989 .D. She also took her mother-in. Social Justice and Empowerment (Independent Charge) • 1 September 2001. the Prime Minister to court for claiming Sanjay's belongings.law.Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha ( 5th term).General-Secretary. She had a public falling out with Indira Gandhi. Member. Indira's lawyer used a photograph of her wedding as evidence to show that the marriage had been performed as per Hindu rituals. On 31 October 1984.Maneka and Sanjay had a son in 1980 who they named Feroz Varun Gandhi.Union Minister of State (Independent Charge). Programme Implementation and Statistics with additional charge of Animal Care (Independent Charge) • 2002-2004 . RUGMARK 3 . Maneka and her son Varun were each entitled to a third of stock that Sanjay owned. • Complete Book of Parsi and Muslim Names.Member. • Editor of political monthly magazine.18 November 2001 .Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha (6th term) From Aonla parliamentary constituency Bibliography: • Sanjay Gandhi. Maneka appealed against this ruling and her lawyer told the court that Indira was not entitled to share of Sanjay's stock as she had married Feroze Gandhi. • Wise and Wonderful Animal Alphabet Quiz • Fish Quiz • Bird Quiz and • Insect Quiz Literary artistic and scientific accomplishments: • Publisher/author of Etymological Directories. • Plant Mythology. Member. Committee on Science and Technology.Elected to 9th Lok Sabha (1st term) From Pilibhit parliamentary constituency • 1989-91 .
Ruth Cowell Foundation (Sanjay Gandhi Animal Care Shelter and Hospital) Special interests: • Writing. which has its shelters across india. 1995. While she was Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment. 1999.animal activist who pledged to free the animals from all sorts of exploitation. • Environmental Protection • Reading • Gardening • Charity Awards received: • Recipient of the prestigious Lord Erskine Award from the RSPCA.Her other books were about Indian people names. Member of 5 person (UNEP) Sasakawa Environment Prize Selection Committee. • Dewaliben Charitable Trust Award. Special Invitee to Peace in Peacetime. • Maharana Mewar Foundation Award.maneka Gandhi . • Environmentalist and Vegetarian of the year 1994. a writer . Towards Environment:Maneka Gandhi is an ardent environmentalist who brought to the mainstream the issue of animal rights in India. 1996. • Prani Mitra Award. Under her direction. • Ahimsa and Sadbhawna Award. • Bhagwan Mahaveer Award for Excellence in sphere of Truth. Key-note Speaker at the National Alliance for Animals in Washington. 2002 These above mentioned all achievements and her career as well personal life depicts what a wonderful personality the lady is having and we are just trying to highlight and focus the part of her through this biography and we hope we are successful in doing what we were intending to do. • Venu Menon Animal Allies Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award. 1999. and abominable conditions and cruelty were documented and exposed. Vision looks outward and becomes aspiration. Switzerland.• • Former Chairperson of the Delhi Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (DSPCA). • Marchig Animal Welfare Trust Prize. • • • • Delivered the Schumacher Address in UK. 2001 and • Dinanath Mangeshkar Aadishakti Puraskar in the field of Environment and animal welfare. 1999. 1996 for Environmental work. Non-violence & Vegetarianism.people For Animals. unannounced inspections of laboratories where animals are used for scientific research were conducted. Managing-Trustee. 1997. The CPCSEA imposed restrictions that brought some of the abuse to a stop. International Conference on Peace and Development. 2001.” Towards Animals:This is vision of maneka Gandhi who brought the issue of animal right into mainstream. She was appointed chairwoman of the Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) in 1995. Vision Articulation Vision looks inward and becomes duty. 1999. 1992.Vision looks upward and becomes faith. The purpose of the work is two fold: • • To serve as a practical guide for parents choosing a name for their offspring.She started organization People for Animals in 1992 and it is largest organization for animals rights/welfare in India. she played a historic role in the Indian pension reforms effort. By the efforts of Maneka Gandhi The New Pension System was implemented for new recruits in to the central government from 2004 0nwards.and made this her aspiration . • Animal Welfare.. pandits and lay readers who would like to know what familiar (and not so familiar) Hindu names actually mean. Towards people:She is not a vegan and has advocated this lifestyle on eithical and health grounds. and To provide a precise and in-depth sourcebook for scholars. Chennai. • International Women's Association Woman of the Year Award. 4 . 1996. As she also anchored a weekly Television program named “HEADS AND TAILS” highlighting sufferings meted out to animals due to their commercial exploitation . Puerto Rico.She runs an NGO. She started the organization People for Animals in 1992 and it is the largest organisation for animal rights/welfare in India.
Goa. rather than shooting them.S. depictions of the deity Srinathji embellished with gemstones.000 for a pathology laboratory at the Sanjay Gandhi Animal Care Shelter and Hospital. "We need about Rs 300. Just last August. including Washington and Jersey began work on framing similar legislation. "We get the sponsors to buy the works. done by artist Uma Kilachand. that Gandhi has managed to keep prices of her artworks low. Manjit Bawa where the works were priced at around Rs 60. and to buy land for shelters and hospitals in Thiruvananthapuram and Kolkata . This movement and its achievements belong to the unselfish and determined efforts of some individuals who dared to dream. etc. animal lovers. however. designer T-shirts. San Mateo County. studio pottery.000 or more. 5 . PFA began to promote the concept of sterilising strays. On sale are pichwais (religious folk art from Nathdwara). around four years ago. has become a fixture in the capital's social calendar. but there has been some cause for cheer over the past five years or so." says the MP and animal rights crusader with pride.5 crore (Rs 25 million). In the pages that follow. And. at least. as for their affordability. we live in a society that often appears to deny animals any rights. Capital. S H Raza. they're worth lakhs. Last year's show of lithographs. over 40 cities in the U. Animal rights activists.000. A set of initiatives has been undertaken to improve the lot of animals in the tiny state and many of them have already borne fruit." she explains. candles. but one that is building up momentum daily. as a means of controlling the situation. The Kilachand show is a one-off. Today. concerned at society's treatment of these defenceless creatures have come together to ensure a better deal for them. People for Animals. Gandhi is quick to assert that she won't be doing two shows a year. for the first time. But Gandhi is deviating from the familiar script with her most recent fundraiser. government authorities at all levels have responded positively.000. Finances from GOA: All the religions of the world share a common thread of compassion towards all living beings. It is a small beginning. And the achievements are equally those of the persons and institutions who responded to these efforts with strivings of their own. belying all apprehensions. "I did a show. of which only four were unsold. But it's the prices -. Today. This experiment has been so successful in controlling stray dog populations that." she says. has also been prey to these dismal trends. These resources can be Land. California. Government policies. within months. besides the occasional dole to people writing in with SOS requests for funds. which need about Rs 500. the Kilachand exhibit is in keeping with Gandhi's earlier shows of contemporary photographs. netted about Rs 2. Unfortunately in modern times-as Maneka Gandhi points out-these healthy traditions seem to be getting lost. Swarovsky crystals and pearls. and so on. Many of the lithographs sold last year are now worth Rs 6. and ordinary citizens (who would not necessarily identify themselves as either animal lovers or activists). There's also to be a show of more lithographs in Mumbai . Maneka Gandhi's annual art charity to raise funds for her NGO. Early Days: An informal committee comprising six trustees was set up to guide PFA's activities.starting at Rs 180.Resource Mobilization For performing any task it is very most important to assemble the necessary resources. This compassion is visible to a high degree in Indian spiritual traditions. Raja Ravi Verma lithographs. Maneka Gandhi also needed resources to start PFA. she put up for sale 3.000 a month.000 lithographs from British India which had prices starting at as little as Rs 1. and was used to sponsor the 26 hospitals that the PFA supports.000 for a large 4x4 canvas depicting 40 Shrinathjis -that'll be a dampener for those who've come to associate Gandhi with affordable art. we have attempted to chronicle work done by the People for Animals-Goa (PFA) in the area of animal welfare over the past five years. depending on the nature and reqire -ment of the business or task. and will hopefully transform Goa into a model state for animal welfare some years from now. In her words. The event is eagerly awaited for the quality and novelty of the wares on offer. some going out of their way in the cause of animal welfare. along with the rest of the country and the world. apart from the single 'privilege' of being sacrificed at the altar of human convenience and greed. They all demonstrate the same combination of a freewheeling and keen aesthetic sense and the ability to anticipate market trends. which would be given only if the population was under the specific number allowed. showed the way when it passed a precedent-setting legislation requiring people to sterilise their cats and dogs unless they obtained a breeding permit. It's with the support of the sponsors. besides the annual August sale of things. of such luminaries as M F Husain Laxma Goud.000 and going up to Rs 950. But in one respect. It has been amply demonstrated that scientifically conducted sterilisation is the best means for controlling stray dog populations.
25. who is chairman of the PFA. took it upon herself to work full-time for the organisation on an honorary basis and get the job done. The strays would then convalesce and recuperate at her residence. Says Ms Gandhi. the circus departed from Goa without visiting other towns in the state as planned. who is taking part in the exhibition. Angela Kazi. But these initial experiences were highly valuable in terms of learning for the future. Whenever she could persuade vets to spare some time for sterilisations. Funds through Pottery: Guess what Maneka Gandhi has been doing every Sunday for the past six months? Making pots and pans. and two other animal shelters in the Capital came up as a result of art exhibitions like the present one. says Ms Gandhi. 6 ." she adds. Farrel and Mr. her car practically became the PFA ambulance. And the artistic community being a generous lot. Maneka Gandhi came to Goa especially for the fund raiser and a sum of Rs. PFA extended its support to Green Cross.000 cows. Ira Chaudhary. The three-day event will showcase the works of some top of the line Indian potters. not just because of its animal welfare activities. Mr. The PFA has been in the news for quite some time now. funds or no funds. Pervez Vazprominent personalities in the entertainment business-PFA trustees Vidya Bhat and Angela Kazi worked hard to make a success of the programme. apart from involving the least possible cruelty to the animals among existing methods Initially it was proposed to get the sterilisation programme done within the existing set-up but this proved to be extremely difficult in the absence of premises and funds. PFA also gave financial assistance to the Green Cross programme to make a survey of the conditions of the animals in the Bondla zoo. did numerous sterilisations on his off days. Such ad-hoc arrangements continued for almost two years. entitled `Earth For Animals. Leena Batra. "It's all for a noble cause. one of its trustees. Her home became PFA's address. January 27-30 will see the first-ever collection of pottery by the country's finest studio potters. they helped the PFA earn a hefty Rs 18 lakh.This method is now accepted as the best method the world over.5 lakh. ill or troublesome animals at home. which is the largest cow shelter in the area and houses as many as 2. Jyotsna Bhatt. Francisco Martins. Take the Rohit Bal T-shirts. P Daroz and Ray Meekar. Alcina Mortimer was another trustee whose home at another time practically became the PFA shelter. Dimple Kapadia's candles earned another Rs 10. the most prominent of which was 'Off Pitch'-an evening with Indian and Pakistani cricketers-held on 26th December 1997. either to curb the practice of dog-shooting or in terms of sterilising dogs to control their population. for example. Green Cross organized a survey of the conditions under which animals were kept at a circus which had just come to Margao. "The basic idea was to bring together artists who want to contribute for a noble cause. But work in this fashion could only be done on a small scale. She would receive distress calls about wounded. She points out that the Bawana cow shelter. always help to boost sales at exhibitions. and from local citizens interested in supporting the cause. Other Early Activities: A local newspaper offered PFA a weekly column called 'Pet Pals' for re-homing strays and other unwanted animals. Through this column. an organisation that's involved in animal welfare. And getting 130 potters from across the country to do the same. A number of fund-raising programmes were also organized. Taking the assistance of Mr. including Gina Franklin Gupta. a government veterinary surgeon and early PFA trustee. Getting so many stars together was no easy task. on display and sale at the Hungarian Cultural Centre in the Capital. it's not really difficult to convince them to contribute for an exhibition like this. she coaxed a few strays into her car and had them sterilised and immunised. Gustavo Pinto. Dr. and the group began to despair that they would not make much impact. but also for its association with celebrities who.' will go to the People For Animals (PFA). Ms Gandhi hopes this exhibition will bring in similar revenue. The proceeds from the exhibition-cum-sale." That seems to be a fair assessment of the artists' attitude. Fortunately for the PFA. Getting wind of this. Mr Arjun Singh (Sita Travels) gifted PFA several donation boxes which were placed in hotels and other prominent places to raise money from tourists visiting the state.000 was raised for animal welfare activities. Lekha Bhagat. Let's just hope the exhibition does well. Kristine Michael. Says Monika Thukral of the Delhi Blue Pottery. pick them up herself and attend to their treatment at the Government veterinary hospitals or even persuade private doctors to attend to the animals free of cost. C.1. both with advice and with funds. PFA re-homed a number of puppies and kittens. enthusiastic animal lovers. a group of young.
"Animals need more than just love. This must be reflected in legislation." said by Mahatma Gandhi is very true and in the same manner is adopted by Mrs. Ms Gandhi says.Some 5. Mumbai. While 50 per cent of the sales will go to the artists. Innovative: 7 . Neolie Industries. Prices will range from Rs 100-5. which includes the Nandas and the Pauls. 7. as reflected by her articles and speeches which make one deeply think on the matter.000. During those tough times she didn’t let herself scatter and faced the situations bravely. Animal protection is already an issue of public concern and morality. 4. As said By Mrs. respectful of the rights of all nations. and will include different items ranging from dinner sets and mugs to vases and pots coming all the way from Pondicherry. whom no one else could tame. Leadership style 1. curiously terming it as a “VIP case”. who now eats out of Maneka Gandhi's hand and snuggles on her lap. whose establishment was detected doing brisk business in endangered birds and reptiles in a raid.500 invites have been sent out for the show. I would urge every civilised society to similarly demonstrate its belief in the value of life. including a dog called Nuts. Gandhi says the police is dragging its feet on the case." "As the forum for international co-operation. The exhibits promise to be a spectacular show of studio pottery. But nothing happened after the raid. After this all also Maneka Gandhi didn’t loose her courage and collected evidences against the shop owner and took rest only after the culprits were punished. 6. 2." "It is only when nations recognise animals and provide them certain constitutional guarantees that we can expect a more enlightened and equitable code of conduct towards other living beings. 3. officers of the force said they have “instructions” not to take action against the owner... It must recognise animals as citizens of the world as well as press for all members of the international community to do the same. Her home is filled with the strays rejected by others. it is only fitting that the United Nations takes the lead in this matter." . The path was not rosy and she was all alone but she didn’t give up. turtles and lizards. with every nook and corner of her own living space filled with staff and papers and the most difficult of her rescued Indian dogs. Good Orator: She is having great persuasive and convincing power. Gandhi. SIMT and Moolchand Kuber Products (P) Ltd. The journey was all alone. Raising money for animals is not easy and we are trying our best to do this. She leads through the examples. Bold: Even in the tought times she handled the situations with a great zeal. Inspirational: The very way in which she took up the cause of protecting environment and animals in particular is very inspirational. When Sanjay Gandhi died she was only 23 with a son of mere a 100 days. they need food to eat and a place to live in. The UN has the moral obligation and authority to include rights and representation for non-speaking inhabitants of this earth. Many people because of her turned vegetarian. PFA takes care of this and more. Gandhi’s NGO People for Animals (PFA) had been alerted in June 2008 that ‘The Petshop’ located in the basement of Greenview Apartments in New Mangalpuri sold endangered Macaws. which will be launched with a tea party on January 27. 5. the other 50 per cent will go towards the rescue and rehabilitation of animals from Delhi's streets. She not only talked of protecting animals but took steps for that also by regularly writing articles in newspapers thus spreading awareness. India has enshrined its commitment to animal protection in its constitution. Determined and Unwavering: Maneka Gandhi is deterministic and did the work with her whole heart which leads her followers also. She tells us to respect the life and coexistence of both the animals(animals and humans). Maneka Gandhi accomplished her work from her home office. Altruism: "The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated. Airtel. There was no support even from her in-laws. Maneka Gandhi. the Jindal group.. Kolkata and Vadodara. Her writings held a great impact on general people so that they also include her principles in their life. recognising animals too as great nations on earth caught in the same web of time and life on this earth. The PFA spoke to the police and accompanied a team on May 20 for the raid. Ms Gandhi has an exciting list of clients. Courageous: Former environment minister Maneka Gandhi had accused the Delhi Police of sheltering a petshop owner. The exhibition is being sponsored by Kuoni.
Plans. 11) NEW DELHI. The policy document has been drawn up by the Ministry of Environment and Forests through a consultation process with various stakeholders including union ministries and departments. MANEKA GANDHI PRESENTS 'OASIS' (OLD AGE SOCIAL AND INCOME SECURITY) REPORT TO PRIME MINISTER The final report of the project `OASIS' (Old Age Social and Income Security) was presented to the Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee by the Minister of State for Social Justice & Empowerment. 5) Passed laws protecting animals neglected by the govt for decades. Finally. Feb 22: Minister of State for Social Justice and EmpowementManeka Gandhi today called upon NGOs and other social welfare organizations to work together for a comprehensive disaster management policy at the national level to reduce the effect of natural calamities in the country. NGOs.She has helped seize animals from filth and misery in travelling circuses. 8) Maneka Gandhi. Smt. It was intended to be a way forward to encourage the transfer to and adoption of clean technologies by developing nations and not a self-serving technique to block consensus on emission control standards. By the effort of Maneka Gandhi ‘new pension system’ was implemented for new recruits in to the central Govt. 7) She dreams of an India that has the compassion and capability of caring for all of its needy. she travels around the world to raise awareness of environment issues writes columns for 25 newspaper and has initiated some environmental law in India. Gandhi implemented them. from 2004 onwards. 12) She Emphasizes on the need for Training workshops which should include general people and train them about general first-aid techniques at least so that they can be able to contribute in the significant manner towards those speechless creatures.As India's Minister for Environment. She started the organization ‘People For Animals in 1992 and it is the largest organization for animals rights and welfare in India. The policy aims at realising consumptive and non-consumptive value of biodiversity through necessary R&D investments and biotechnology developments. 1) Being a minister for social justice and empowerment she played a historic role in the Indian pension reform effort. which was poisioning delhi’s water supply and proving to be a major health hazard as about 22 million litre of the blood remained from the slaughter of animals is being run into The Yamuna annually. small hydroplanes) as it could help the country to avoid a lot of the co2 problems. Our first issue is how to get energy to our 8. 10) She owned 25 hospitals.chair of the energy globe jury said she was personally not in favor ‘simply because we will not achieve the regulatory standards. The main goals include securing integration of biodiversity concerns in sectoral programmes and policies and ensuring participation of all stakeholders in conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. academicians.00. The policy identifies the basic goals and thrust areas and outlines action programmes for various subjects.000 villages. 6) It was she who persuaded the gaint coca cola company to cancel its sponsorship of bullfights in Mexico and helped win international agreement on the protection of rhinos in Africa. 4) Former union minister for animals welfare Maneka Gandhi is fierce and fearless in her quest to protect animals. Maneka Gandhi formulated Various Plans and Strategies and as we all know the success of the plans and strategies depends upon the way these have being implemented here are given various plans and the way Mrs. it seeks to ensure benefits to India as country of origin of biological resources and to its people as creators and holders of indigenous knowledge. wind. nuclear is too sophisticated for India we cannot handle it its premature. SEEKS PROMOTION OF ENVIRONMENT EDUCATION AND RESEARCH NATIONAL POLICY AND MACROLEVEL ACTION STRATEGY ON BIODIVERSITY SEEKS TO ENSURE BENEFITS TO INDIA AS COUNTRY OF ORIGIN OF BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES CALLS FOR A COMPREHENSIVE LEGISLATION ON BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION ADVOCATES DOCUMENTATION OF TRADITIONAL USES OF RESOURCES The National Policy and Macrolevel Action Strategy on Biodiversity seeks to provide a framework for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in a broader perspective. Maneka Gandhi here today. it was she who had first introduced the notion of 'Polluter Pays' at the Montreal summit. zoos and laboratories. Strategies and their Implementation Mrs. 9) Later she stressed the need for India to focus on alternatives decentralized energy sources (solar.5 orphanages. 3) She has succeeded in persuading the court to stop the ugly killing in the Idag slaughterhouse. state governments. 2) Gandhi is an ardent environmentalist who brought to the mainstream the issue of animals rights in India. experts. 8 . industry etc.
when the Central Bureau of Investigation concludes months of digging. almost 90% of India's workforce are not eligible to participate in any scheme that enables to save for their old age.Dave. 9 . and longtime Animal Welfare Board member Maneka Gandhi. member of Parliament. and enforcement of laws governing livestock transportation and slaughter have become involved. Kharb. ‘ 2. She said that education is the base on which all future development of the individuals take place and therefore it is all the more imperative that such aids and materials are made Interpersonal dynamics and Conflict Resolution 1. former Chairman of Unit Trust of India. Gandhi also disclosed that all the National Institutes under her Ministry have been asked to lay special emphasis on building up their book banks and ensuring their easy availability to the target groups. CONFLICTS ON PETSSHOPS: New Delhi. who has notoriously little patience with vanity and self-aggrandizement. and the Animal Welfare Board of India offices in Chennai. Some complainants have disputes with other ranking AWBI members. June 10: Former environment minister Maneka Gandhi has accused the Delhi Police of sheltering a pet shop owner. Sonia and Maneka Gandhi. or any organization she heads. whose establishment was detected doing brisk business in endangered birds and reptiles in a raid last month. This has been done with a view to meet the challenge of demographic projections which suggest that the number of aged in India will rise to 179 million by 2026 which would be 13. than about pursuit of mostly symbolic tribute by some AWBI appointees. The recommendations of the project report would form the basis of any future policies of the Government in this regard. each widowed long ago. mostly through electronic media. leader of the Congress Party. Sonia Gandhi is now president of the Indian National Congress. was the dominant figure within the Animal Welfare Board while the BJP headed the Parliamentary majority. Caught in the middle. curiously terming it as a “VIP case”. headed the eight member Expert Committee. a member of the Bharatija Janata Party. The Government is presently providing economic security during old age through pensions. Disputes over the allocation of grant money.M. The recommendations of the report are expected to benefit this target population. EMPHASIS ON BOOK BANKS FOR DISABLED PROPOSAL OF DELHI UNIVERSITY BEING PROCESSED Speaking on the occasion Smt. The recommendations of `OASIS' have a twin focus of further improving existing pension provisions and to devise a fresh pension plan for excluded workers. the homes of their officers.3% of the population. Yet none of the allegations investigated by the CBI directly involve Maneka Gandhi. some complainants hit each other.A. is Animal Welfare Board president R. and chair of the United Progressive Alliance. Dr. Some of the instigators or persons who claim to be instigators are seething over having been berated or denounced by People for Animals founder. were reputedly never friends even when both lived in Indira Gandhi's household. While Gandhi says the police is dragging its feet on the case. officers of the force said they have “instructions” not to take action against the owner. Both married sons of former prime minister Indira Gandhi. Conflicts in Animal Welfare Board of India: One of the noisiest and farthest-reaching scandals in the often controversial 47-year history of the Animal Welfare Board of India may prove to be less about corruption and bribery. partisan politics. which are confined to the salaried employees which is less than 11% of the total estimated working population. and redress of injured pride by some who have been rebuked. For every person who joined in the attack. And the allegations forwarded to the CBI appear to have been hurled not as a conspiracy so much as a matter of complainants with a variety of only casually related grievances suddenly perceiving a chance to pursue them. Along the way. with the membership of the Animal Welfare Board and his own position due for reappointment. Therefore. Maneka Gandhi said that it is important to put stress on the adequate inputs to accelerate the process of creating aids and materials for the children with special needs. the governing Parliamentary coalition. several others who have had public conflicts with Maneka Gandhi and other targets of the CBI raids e-mailed to ANIMAL PEOPLE to distance themselves from the whole affair.The project `OASIS' was commissioned by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment to submit its recommendations to the Government on the schemes and action to be taken to ensure that every young worker can build up enough savings during his/her working life which would serve as a shield against poverty during their old age. who are not aligned with Maneka Gandhi. Yet from statements and copies of inside correspondence obtained by ANIMAL PEOPLE pursuit of public stature and vengeance for past frustrations and humiliations appears to have most visibly motivated the persons whose charges instigated CBI raids on several animal welfare organizations. former cabinet minister for animal welfare. Maneka Gandhi. a retired general who decades ago was veterinarian to both Sonia Gandhi and Maneka Gandhi. Smt. S.
Satya Pal. She made it clear that permission accorded by the state government to kill monkeys was not correct and becomes serious when ammunition for killing campaign was She hinted that this matter would be raised on the international level. But nothing happened after the raid. corn snakes and candy canes (snakes) had been found on the shop’s shelves. 2005) from the Animal Quarantine Service. turtles and lizards. KBSS workers. local NGO leaders and social workers of the area.” On the other hand. 2005. Shankutla.” But when Newsline contacted Lall. Gandhi said. a permission from Singapore doesn’t entitle anyone to bring in animals without India’s permission. The report mentions the owner as one Jayesh Mathur of Dwarka. a joint report (in possession of Newsline) prepared by Wildlife Inspector R R Meena and Mehrauli police station Sub Inspector A K Singh detailed that five American red-eared sliders (turtles). said they were troubled over this “VIP petshop” but would say no more. saying this was a VIP case and that no action would be taken against the owner. environment protection and religious organizations including Nature Watch India has termed grant of permission to kill simians by the hunters as violation of the provisions of Wild Life Protection Act 1972 and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. Initiate action against killing of simians in Himachal: Killing campaign of simians launched by the State Forest Department of Himachal Pradesh in collaboration with Kheti Bachaou Sangharsh Samiti [KBSS] in the Renuka area of Sirmour district has evoked sharp reactions from the environmentalists and religious people from the different parts of state and country as well.” That information lead to case resolution. Gandhi said several species covered under the 1972 Wildlife Protection Act and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) were found in the shop and were photographed. “I have no idea about this. Vijay Chauhan and Sunder Singh expressed plight of farmers before Ms Ghosh and said that monkey menace was to be solved at any cost and permanently as simians population had increased many folds in the state and were damaging their crops to the extent of 70 percent in many areas and had poised serious threat to the agriculture. mostly comrades affiliated with communist thinking organizations were visiting every Panchyat and persuading Panchyati Raj representatives to pass a resolution for allowing killing of simians in their respective Panchyats. they were shown a “few baseless permits”.” Maneka Gandhi said the matter was then taken to the Wildlife Crime Branch in the Ministry of Environment and Forests. After going through the reports published in media she strongly condemned the campaign and initiated immediate action action by sending her representative to gather information from the field and persuade the residents of Renuka area to oppose this campaign. senior officers who would not be named. We spoke to the wildlife inspector who said the animals found were not covered under the Wildlife Protection Act. This letter said the department had no objection to the import of “65 reptiles” from Singapore. “The permission to import from Singapore was for 12 turtles. “A few days ago. As per the fresh details. On top of this. “No animal was confiscated during the raid. Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying in Kapashera. the action was against law of nature and would pose a threat to the environment with several problems to the residents of the area in near future. In this connection.” Gandhi said when the PFA confronted the government to check if the owner had the necessary papers to do business in these animals. killing campaign which was initiated in the Renuka area on the 14th of July was still going on and as per the sources of KBSS nearly 100 monkeys had been shot dead by the shooters during past two weeks. Gandhi said. Subsequently. former Union Minister. 10 . These papers include a letter from a firm in Singapore permitting the export of 12 turtles as personal pets flown in on March 9. but the Quarantine service in India okayed 65. “Its head M B Lall has said the Ministry is examining the case.Gandhi’s NGO People for Animals (PFA) had been alerted last month that ‘The Petshop’located in the basement of Greenview Apartments in New Mangalpuri sold endangered Macaws. Ramesh Verma. In the same bunch was another interesting letter (dated April 11. 1960 and has threatened for a legal remedy if the killing was not stopped. Today also she remained busy meeting Panchyati Raj representatives. many such meetings had been organized in the different parts of the district recently. People started coming openly to oppose the campaign after the whole campaign was exposed by the Himachal Plus last week. Bhagat Ram Verma. Member of Parliament and leading environmentalists Ms Menka Gandhi has acted quickly. As representative of Ms Menka Gandhi. Several NGOs working for the protection of wild life. he said. However several eminent persons of Nohra Dhar area including Surender Chauhan. we got a call from a district forest officer who asked us to back off. Ms Ghosh tried to persuade hundreds of farmers of different Panchyats to strongly oppose the killing campaign as she said the barbaric killings of simians and firing in the forests was not legal action under rule. Maneka Gandhi said. Delhi Police’s spokesperson Rajan Bhagat said. Ms Ghosh was persuading residents of the area to built pressure on the state government to find out permanent solution of simians problem by opening a century for monkeys in the state. senior office bearer of Citizens for welfare and Protection of Wild life. This case comes under the jurisdiction of the Delhi Wildlife Department. 3. The PFA spoke to the police and accompanied a team on May 20 for the raid. Ms Sonia Ghosh last evening reached at Nohra Dhar and met with hundreds of residents of the area. Klaushalya.
andhranews.org/policy/pol-break03.in/archieve/lreleng/lyr2000/rmar2000/r24032000. J. Project coordinator.net/people/interview-maneka-gandhi. Her leadership and her courageous and bold nature can lead to formation of new dimensions in the field of humanity.aspx --March 12’2010 http://en. Man Mohan Singh.cmsV --March 8’2010 An Indian Dynasty-The story of the Nehru Gandhi Family-Tariq Ali(1985) page302.html --February 20’2010 http://www.outlookindia.htm --January12’2010 http://www. Ms.dayafterindia. Gandhi also tried to justify her actions by claiming that her aim was to improve science. who is also a retired I.net/disclaimer.S. She had established an organization PFA-People For Animals having Nation wide centers which is working charismatically in field of animal protection. animal rights and people upliftment.html--February22’2010 http://www. we are still to patent anything worthwhile" and thus by experimenting on animals we are merely being cruel. reportedly stating "Nearly Rs. References • • • http://www. the widow of influential Indian politician. He surprised that even after submission several memorandums right up to Mr. Jamwal.the Rajeev Gandhi’s constituency individually which none other than her can imagine even in dreams.dailyexcelsior.thescavenger.nic. Yet. S.asp -.html --March 11’2010 http://newsblaze.February25’2010 Amar Ujala-New Delhipage-14 Jeev Jagat(Maneka Gandhi) –February02’2010 http://thinkexist.in/archieve/lreleng/lyr2000/rjan2000/r14012000. officer. Himalayan Region Snow Leopard conservancy USA.thehindu. Conclusion Maneka Gandhi. She formed a new Political party in name of her Husband which initiated the youth in the politics and after wards stood from the constituency Amethi.com/2004/20040217/haryan.org/wiki/Maneka_Gandhi -.htm impl2 --March 1’2010 http://timesofindia.com/topics/view/009d-e7/Maneka+Gandhi. 280 http://www. animal rights activist.wikipedia. Sanjay Gandhi and a single mother is having a versatile and dynamic personality. planting fruit trees in the forests. lifting ban on their export. She lately joined Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) the most closest rival of Congress and from then she is constantly winning the elections from the seat.com/news/fe/daily/20010124/fec24066.January 12’2010 http://www.htm --February 24’2010 http://www. Prime Minister of India no project was planned to solve the monkey menace by the state of Union government.com/story/20090325055634tanv.com/nov1/assam.ellerdale.indianembassy. She is considered as the most dynamically working individual in the field of animal rights in the whole world.html --March8’2010 http://trends.com/content. She faced obstacles in every aspect of her life yet got refined from those obstacles.com/2009/03/29/stories/2009032960370800 –February 12’2010 http://thetribuneindia.Mr. She is constantly working in the field of environment protection.org/special/cabinet/maneka. former journalist environmentalist. She had written many books and host the show ‘head and tails’ successfully where she spread the awareness about the animals in country.nb/topstory.html –March 10’2010 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 11 .indiatimes. Always known to have conflicts with her in-laws Indira Gandhi. 22. an Indian politician.html --February 20’2010 http://pib.com/india/Sonia-forced-me-out-of-Indiras-home-Maneka/articleshow/19748025. and after death of her husband at an age of 23 with a son of only a 100 days. she didn’t have any support from her in-laws. She was thrown out of her house but she gather her Courage to start a new Life of her own identity instead of being recognized as daughter-in-law of India’s most powerful family .com/quotation/vision_looks_inward_and_becomes_duty-vision_looks/219992.nic.htm --February 24’2010 http:/www.F. She favors vegetarianism as this will lead to save animals as well as environment because the land on which indirectly 5 non-vegetarians feed can support 20 vegetarians.htmlviewed --February24’2010 http://www.ncpedp. in a letter written to Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh has suggested five remedies to get rid of monkey menace including creating a Monkey Century.000 crores has been spent since Independence on medical and bio-science research.html--February 22’2010 http://pib. grant of daily wage to the farmers spending time in protecting their crops and grant of compensation for the crops damaged by the monkeys.com/00feb23/inter. Recently she prepared platform for her son Varun and stood him from her constituency and herself from Anola.expressindia. Being opposing Indira Gandhi for her Desire to be her heir after Sanjay Gandhi her husband. Rajeev Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi.
com/search.• • http://living.in/celebrity/other-celebrities/maneka-gandhi-environmentalist.sify.oneindia.html --February27’2010 http://search.php?q=Maneka%20Gandhi&ss=0 –March13’2010 12 .