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A Project Dalits

A Project Dalits

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Published by vishal chaudhary

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Published by: vishal chaudhary on Oct 23, 2010
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A Project On Dalit Movement in India

(Faculty of Political Science)

Submitted By: Parth Chandra
[B.A LL.B (Hons.), Semester- I, Roll No: 84]


I would like to thanks my parents without their moral support the completion of my project would not be possible.B. Parth Chandra B.A. any suggestions. LL. He has given me all the encouragement I needed to complete this project. Dr. corrections would be treated with extreme obligations. My special thanks to Prof.) Roll No: 84 . So it is that I express briefly my debt to those who have made the creation of this project possible.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Gratitude is the noble response of one·s soul and kindness or help generously rendered by another and acknowledgment is a duty and joyance. Avinash Samal for giving me the opportunity to work on this topic. (Hons. As this is a very sensitive topic so the matter collected to write on this protect has been taken from authentic sources and are purely that of author and the same are not intended against any one personally.

. The Methodology Implied is more of Empirical Nature.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY It is a doctrinal thesis the researcher had mainly dependent on reading and net based works. The Thoughts reflected are in analyzing the same.

The unit deals with the study of time when Dalit movement started in India. Which sects of people are called Dalits? 4. Understand the work & culture of Dalits.Objectives: 1. To understand from where this word ¶ Dalit· Come from?? 3. . Jyotiba Phule was one of the prominent social reformers who led the movement against the caste restrictions in India. 2.

Table of Contents  Acknowledgements  Research Methodology  Objectives  Introduction  Jyotiba Phule as a social reformer  Social Status of Dalits  Dalits and Religion  Dalit Movements in various states of India  Conclusions  Bibliography 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 .

Dalit Movement was supported by many Great leaders.Introduction Dalit is a self-designation for a group of people traditionally regarded as of lower class and unsuitable for making personal relations. and means ³grounded´. Prominent leaders like Dr. . The Govt. Harijan means Children of God.Dr B.´crushed´. B. The word µDalit¶ comes from the Marathi Language.´broken to pieces´. Mahatma Gandhi used the term Harijan instead of using the word Dalit. of India in its 2008 National Commission for Schedule Caste observed that the term Dalit is unconstitutional and hence forth ordered an immediate stop on its usage.R Ambedkar renounced his Hindu religion and converted to Buddhism which is know as world¶s largest conversion till date. Jyotibha Phule was a pioneer in this movement.R Ambedkar dedicated his life fighting against caste-oppression and fought to raise standards of Dalits.

He revolted against the domination of Brahmins and for the rights of peasants and other low-caste fellow.Jyotiba Phule as a Social Reformer Birth-11Th April. . 1890. He revolted against the tyranny of upper castes. He campaigned against the authoritarianism of the upper caste people. In 1851. On November 28. He led the movement against the prevailing caste restrictions in India. 1827 Jyotiba Phule was one of the prominent social reformers of the nineteenth century India.  Death Jyotiba Phule devoted his entire life for liberalization of untouchables from the exploitation of Brahmins. He urged dalits to defy restrictions imposed on them. He also attacked the orthodox Brahmins and other upper castes and termed them as ³Hypocrites´. this great reformer passed away. He opened a school exclusively for these low caste segment.

Social Status of Dalits Dalit status has often been historically associated with occupations regarded as ritually impure.00% 30. animal carcasses and waste. Religion Buddhism Christianity Sikhism Hinduism Islam Jainism Schedule Caste 89.80% 0. butchering. They were even excluded from places of worship. latrines.80% Schedule Tribe 7. and sewages. Dalits & Religion Sachar Committee reports have revealed that Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes in India are not only limited to religion of Hinduism but also others religions.10% 0.50% 2.70% 22.20% 0.90% 9. Most of the dalits managed to move to the urban area where this caste differentiation was less important.50% 9. As these kind of work were considered to be of polluted category so dalits were often ostracized from rest of the society. . Dalits in villages did not have access to schools and sanitation places which were common to all. E. although some in Maharashtra and other states have converted in Buddhism.40% 32.60% The large majority of Dalits in India are Hindus. Temples. such as any involving leather work. Dalits worked as manual labourers cleaning streets. or removal of rubbish.g.

supported it.P could be seen when Mayawati became the chief minister who is said to be representative of dalits.R Ambedkar was responsible too give necessary support and encouragement to spark a dalit movement in Maharashtra. BR. B. Pathnamitta district. Ambedkar. Land struggle in Chengara. . Dalit Movement in Maharashtra The dalit movement got great encouragement in Maharashtra.Dalits Movement in Various States of India The dalit movements was fast catching in various parts of India after great leaders like Dr. Dalit Movement in Uttar Pradesh The rise of dalit movement in U. In his memory µDiksha Bhoomi¶ in Nagpur is built which is a pilgrimage of many Buddhist worshippers. Jyotiba Phule etc. kerala by landless dalits started on 4th August 2007. Dr. Dalit Movement in Kerala Dalit movement in Kerala started with a land struggle.

sewage cleaners and their struggle to get out the cycle of poverty continues.Conclusions: Though Dalit Movement was supported by great leaders but it did not attend that mark where untouchability could be eradicated from its roots. Centuries of such oppression has resulted in severe poverty and its associated problems among dalits. In many parts of Indian villages still the practice of untouchability exists. For the real redress the existing power structure must be dismantled. Political parties in the name of dalits representative are exploiting their votes and are not doing enough to raise their standards. According to recent Economic survey conducted by India more than 50% of Dalits live below poverty line. The laws against the injustice are necessary but are not sufficient.8% and growing). Today majority of dalits work as farm labourers. The statistics are illuminating ± an illiterate person is far more likely to be dalit than a non-dalit (the literacy gap between dalit and non-dalit is 14. . in spite of reservations in jobs and educational institutes. But these legal safeguards have not proved very effective in eradicating the oppression of dalits within the caste system. There are several safeguards in the Indian Constitution and laws enacted in the parliament including the SC and ST Prevention of Atrocities Act.

indiatogether.Bibliography Websites  www.wikipedia.com/dalits  Caste in Indian Politics  www.org  Self reading in Deekha Bhoomi  Outlook-Special edition on Caste .com  www.ambedkar.

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