TOPIC : Histrory of Microbiology 1. Disease of silk worm studied by Pasture 1.Anthrax2. Tuberculosis3.rabies4. Pebrine 2.

The cause of plague _______ 3. Living things donot need parents said by 1. Redi 2. Spallanzani 3. Needham 4.Snow 4. 1949First successful cultivation of a virus (polio) in tissue culture 1. Luria 2. Enders 3. Beijernick 4. Koch 5. Studied the biochemistry of soil bacteria 1. Welch 2. Beijernick 3. Winogradsky 4. Ogata 6. Developed the discipline of environmental microbiology 1. Pfieffer 2. Winogradsky 3. Beijernick 4. Cohn 7. Synthesized a “magic bullet” for syphilis 1. Fleming 2. Reed 3. Ehirlich 4. Wright 8. Won the Nobel Prize for work on malaria and mosquitoes 1. Von Behring 2. Rous 3. Baltimore 4. Ross 9. Isolated gasgangrene bacilli 1. Pieffer 2. Salmon3. Welch4. Kitasato 10. Discovered how DNA controls protein synthesis in cells 1. Hooke 2. Virchow 3. Jacob & Monad 4. Beadle , Tatum 11.Fractional sterilization was proposed by 1.pastuer 2.koch 3.Tyndall 4.Jenner 12. Father of medical microbiology 1.A.V.L.Hoek 2.Louis pastuer3.Jenner4.Robert koch 13. Antiseptice surgery established by using phenol by 1.Elie Methinkoff 2.Joseph lister 3.Paul ehirlich 4.Waksman 14. Souring of wine is due to lactobacilli by repoted by 1.Lister 2.pastuer 3.Jenner4.Sharp, Roberts 15. Culture media first developed by 1. Fanny Hesse 2. Robert koch 3.T.vom dush 4.Needham 16. Study of Wines 1.Enology 2.phycology3.mycology 4.Zymology 17. Spontaneous generation theory disproved by swan necked flask 1. Franciscoredi 2. Tyndall3.Spallanzani 4. Pastuer 18. First virus discovered 1. HIV2.TMV 3.T2 4.Lambda pahge 19. Cowpox material used as smallpox vaccine 1.Pastuer 2.Koch 3.Jenner 4.All 20. Gene having criston, recon, muton said by_______ 21.___________ show that Treponema pallidum causes syphillis 22. Golden era of microbiology 1. 1820-1839 2.1857-1878 3.1979-19894.1789-1889 23. Enrichment techniques developed by 1. Beijernick and winogradsky 2. Twort and Deherelle 3.Domagk 4.Chalton 24. Pencillin discovered in the year by fleming 1. 1933 2.1944 3.1953 4.1928 25. Decreasing virulence of bacteria by heating using chemicals 1.Vaccination 2.Inoculation 3.Variolation4.Immunization 26. Who discovered that mosquitoes transmitted yellow fever virus 1.Chamberland 2.Loeffler and Frosch 3.Walter and reed 4.Ruska and Fracastro 27. E.coli , a natural inhabitant of intestine discovered by 1. Escherich 2.Bilorth 3.Pfieffer 4.Eberth 28.Studied sulfur and nitrifying bacteria 1.Beihjernick 2.Gram3.Ivanowsky4.Winogrdsky 29.There is life in anaerobic condition proposed by 1.Iwanowski 2.Koch 3.Pastuer 4.Kitasato 30. Freeliving N2 fixer Azatobacter discovered by 1.Winogradsky 2.Berjernick3.Stanley4.Theodrschwan 31.Pure culture technique developed by 1. Koch 2.Mullis 3.Bordet4.wassermann 32.Symbiotic living Nitrogen fixer- Rhizobium discovered by 1.Winogradsky 2.Berjernick 3.Stanley 4.Richet 33. . Discovery of cyanophages__________ 34.Electron microscope discovered by 1.Antony von leuenhoek 2. Ruska 3.Hook 4.Coons 35. Discovery of Thiomargarita namibiensis, the largest known bacterium 36. The study of the microbiology is important in the following

A. Agriculture B. Disease prevention C. Pollution remedation D. All 37. The person proposed the use of selective chemicals to treat disease A. Vuillemen B. Lister C. DomagkD. Ehirlich 38. The concept stating that microorganisms are the causes of infectious diseases is known as A. Theory of evolution B. Cell theory of biology C.Germ theory of disease D. Spontaneous generation theory 39. Identification of introns in mRNA synthesis 1. McClintock 2. Yallow 3. Burnet 4. Robertys, Sharp 40. Development of serum therapy for diptheria 1. Nicolle2. Edleman 3. Medawar 4. Boehring 41. Pastuer involved in the development of 1. rabies vaccine 2. Anthrax vaccine 3.Swan necked flasks 4. All 42. Father of modern bacteriology 1. Koch 2. Pastuer 3. LeeuenHoek 4. Bassi 43. Scientist worked on Tumor virus 1. Bishop, varmus 2. Edleman, Porter 3. Peyton Rous 4. Bordet , Gengou 44. Phagocytosis process was discovered by 1. Petri 2. Reed 3. Jansen 4. Methinkoff 45. 1923Ultracentrifuge discovered by___________ 46. Discovered reversetranscriptase in retroviruses 1. Rous 2. Retro 3. Lucmontaginer , Gallo 4. Temin, Baltimore 47. Bishop and Varmus discovered ___________ 48. Yallow reciverd Nobel prize for 1. Prions 2. RIA technique 3. PCR technique 4. Yeelow fever 49. Malarial parasite carried by mosquito dicivered by 1. Laveran 2. ROss 3. Reed 4. Nirenberg 50. Enrichment culture technique developed by 1. Beijenick 2. Stanley 3. Winogradsky 4. Pierie 51. Who proposed the existence of viruses 1. Whittaker 2. Iwanowsky 3. Beijernick 4. Lederberg 52. Who demonstrated Demonstrated that anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis 1. Koch 2. Pastuer 3. Lister 4. Methinkoff 53. Complement discovered by 1. Bordet 2. Pastuer 3. Lister 4. Methinkoff 54. __________ isolated root nodule bacteria 1. Whittaker 2. Iwanowsky 3. Beijernick 4. Lederberg 55. Concept of chemolithotrophy given by 1. Whittaker 2. Iwanowsky 3. Beijernick 4. Lederberg 56. Isolation of TMV in its purest crystalline form 1. Pierie 2. Stanley 3. Escherich 4. Pastuer 57. In 1946Conjugation in E. coli 1. Luria 2. Avery 3. Beadle and Tatum 4. Zinder 58. ________ claimed spontaneous generation was bunk.Showed that maggots did not arise from meat, but came from fly eggs 1. Pastuer 2. Needham 3. Redi 4. Tyndall 59. Who performed performed first antiseptic operation 1. Pastuer 2. Needham 3. Lister 4. Tyndall 60. 1911First cancer virus reported in chickens reported by 1. varmus 2. Montaginer 3. Rous 4. Beijernick 61. Salk & Sabine1957Discovery of first successful vaccine against this disease 1. AIDS 2. Swine flu 3. Polio 4. Rabies 62. All of the following are related with pastuer except 1. Discovered “animalcules” 2. Lactic acid fermentation due to a microorganism 3. Settled spontaneous generation controversy 4. Developed rabies vaccine 63. 1986First vaccine produced by genetic engineering approved for human use 1. hepatitis B. vaccine 2. Rabies 3. AIDS 4. Diabetes 64. Which of the following is wrong combination 1. Botulism- Clostridium 2. Gas gangrene - Clostridium 3. Q-fever- Coxiella 4. Syphilis -- Bordetella 65. Robert koch discovered the causative agent of 1. Anthrax 2. Cholera 3. TB 4. All of the above 66. Discovery of cyanophages__________ 67. 1932Electron microscope discovered by _________ 68. _________ Discovered “animalcules 69. _________Smallpox vaccination 70. Diphtheria antitoxin __________