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Phonology and Langauge Use

Phonology and Langauge Use

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Published by Bahtiyar Makaroğlu

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Bahtiyar Makaroğlu on Oct 24, 2010
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In this chapter I have discussed and illustrated a few simple principles
of lexical organization and processing that account for a large number


A similar example can be found in Magni (to appear),where the development of the
Latin Perfect into the Italian Passato Remoto is described in terms of product-oriented
classes with a family resemblance structure.

of phonological phenomena associated with morphological categories
and morpholexical classes.Three of these principles are directly related
to frequency,and three of them govern the conceptual organization of
morphological categories and lexical classes.The three principles based
on frequency are:

1.Items with high token frequency have greater lexical strength and
therefore resist morphological or analogical change,serve as the
basis for change,and have greater autonomy.
2.Patterns with high type frequency are more productive than pat-
terns with low type frequency.
3.As high token frequency leads to greater autonomy,items with
high token frequency have weaker connections to related forms
and thus are more likely to become independent and less likely
to contribute to the formation of productive classes.

The three principles that govern the nature of the morphological cat-
egories and classes are:

1.Associations via meaningful features take precedence over asso-
ciations via features of form.
2.Schemas are product-oriented.
3.The morpholexical classes that schemas apply to have a family
resemblance structure.

I hope to have demonstrated in this chapter that morphological and
lexical principles differ from phonetic principles,but that the inter-
mingling of phonology,lexicon,and morphology runs both wide and
deep in natural language.


The Interaction of Phonology with Morphology


The Units of Storage and Access:Morphemes,
Words,and Phrases

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