Cervical Vertebrae Body Small Vertebral Foramen Triangular Pedicles Project laterally more than posteriorly Laminae Thin

Inferior Vertebral None Notch Transverse Foramen in Processes transverse processes Spinous Processes Short, bifid Other

Thoracic Vertebrae Rounded Circular

Lumbar Vertebrae Largest, wider than tall Flattened antero-posteriorly Thick

Broad Deepest Long, thick Long, slope inferiorly

Deep Long, thin Short, blunt Mammillary and accessory processes

Sacrum Vertebrae: • 5 fused vertebrae • Triangular in total form Coccyx Vertebrae: • 4 vertebrae, sometimes all fused, sometimes only last three fused • Very small • Body only

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