# Navigation NAU 102 Lesson 23

Special Case Bearings
We can determine a running fix mathematically as well as graphically. Using: Rules of Thumb Bowditch Table 18

Special Case Bearings
Rules of Thumb Double the Angle on the Bow Bow and Beam 7/10 Rule
(2 points/4 points Rule)

7/8 Rule
(30-60-90 Rule)

Special Case Bearings
Double the Angle on the Bow When the angular distance of an object on the bow is doubled, the distance run between the bearings equals the distance from the object at the second bearing.

Special Case Bearings

Special Case Bearings
Example You are on course 193° T at 20 knots. At 0800 you sight a light bearing 157° T. At 0836, the same light bears 121° T. What is the distance off the light at the second bearing?

Special Case Bearings
You are on course 193° T at 20 knots. At 0800 you sight a light bearing 157° T. At 0836, the same light bears 121° T. What is the distance off the light at the second bearing?

1st angle on bow = 193° - 157° = 36°

2nd angle on bow = 193° - 121° = 72°

36 min Distance Run = 60 min/hr X 20 nm/hr = 12 nm At 0836, the light bears 121° T at 12 nm.

Special Case Bearings
Bow and Beam When the bearing is 45° on the bow and the 2nd is 90°, the distance run between the bearings equals the distance from the object when abeam.
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Special Case Bearings

Special Case Bearings
Example You are on course 193° T at 20 knots. At 0840 you sight a light bearing 238° T. At 0855, the same light bears 283° T. What is the distance off the light when abeam?

Special Case Bearings
You are on course 193° T at 20 knots. At 0840 you sight a light bearing 238° T. At 0855, the same light bears 283° T. What is the distance off the light when abeam?

1st angle on bow = 238° - 193° = 45°

2nd angle on bow = 283° - 193° = 90°

15 min Distance Run = 60 min/hr X 20 nm/hr = 5 nm At 0855, the light is abeam at 5 nm.

Special Case Bearings
7/10 Rule When the bearing is 22.5° (2 points) on the bow and the 2nd is 45° (4 points)
0.7 X distance run = the distance off when abeam. 0.7 X time run + time of 2nd bearing = ETA abeam.
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Special Case Bearings
Example You are on course 090° T at 10 knots. At 1020 you sight a light 2 points to port. At 1100, the same light bears 045° T. At what distance and time will you be abeam the light?

Special Case Bearings
You are on course 090° T at 10 knots. At 1020 you sight a light 2 points to port. At 1100, the same light bears 045° T. At what distance and time will you be abeam the light?

1st angle on bow = 2nd angle on bow = 090° - 045° = 45° 2 points = 22.5° 40 min Distance Run = 60 min/hr X 10 nm/hr = 6.7 nm Distance off abeam = 6.7 nm X 0.7 = 4.7 nm Time abeam = 40 min X 0.7 + 1100 = 1128

Special Case Bearings
7/8 Rule When the
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bearing is 30°on the bow and the 2nd is 60°

0.875 X distance run = the distance off when abeam. 0.5 X time run + time of 2nd bearing = ETA abeam.

Special Case Bearings
Example You are on course 295° T at 15 knots. At 1215 you sight a light bearing 325° T. At 1300, the same light bears 355° T. At what distance and time will you be abeam the light?

Special Case Bearings
You are on course 295° T at 15 knots. At 1215 you sight a light bearing 325° T. At 1300, the same light bears 355° T. At what distance and time will you be abeam the light?

1st angle on bow = 2nd angle on bow = 355° - 295° = 60° 325° - 295° = 30° 45 min Distance Run = 60 min/hrX 15 nm/hr = 11.25 nm Distance off abeam = 11.25 nm X 0.875 = 9.8 nm Time abeam = 45 min X 0.5 + 1300 = 1322

Special Case Bearings

The problems can also be solved using Bowditch Table 18.

Running Fix

Special Case Bearings

Running Fix

Special Case Bearings
Example You are on course 180° T at 22 knots. At 1400 you sight a light bearing 200° T. At 1430, the same light bears 218° T. What is your distance off at 1430? At what distance will you be abeam the light?

Special Case Bearings
You are on course 180° T at 22 knots. At 1400 you sight a light bearing 200° T. At 1430, the same light bears 218° T. What is your distance off at 1430? At what distance will you be abeam the light?

1st angle on bow 200° - 180° = 20°

2nd angle on bow 218° - 180° = 38°

Special Case Bearings

Special Case Bearings
You are on course 180° T at 22 knots. At 1400 you sight a light bearing 200° T. At 1430, the same light bears 218° T. What is your distance off at 1430? At what distance will you be abeam the light?

30 min X 22 nm/hr = 11 nm Distance Run = 60 min/hr Distance at 2nd bearing = 11 nm X 1.11 = 12.21 nm Distance off abeam = 11 nm X 0.68 = 7.5 nm