This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

### Publishers

Scribd Selects Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

P. 1

27 Ocean Currents|Views: 76|Likes: 4

Published by Daniel England

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/40106323/27-Ocean-Currents

11/19/2012

text

original

Range

HW = + 6 ft

Range = 6 ± 1 = 5 ft

LW = + 1 ft Charted Depth

Range

HW = + 6 ft

Range = 6 ± (-1) = 7 ft

Charted Depth LW = - 1 ft

Tide Prediction

What is the tide right now? Can predict it using a computer program. Or, Tide Tables.

Tide Tables

Daily predictions of HW & LW at reference stations (major ports). Corrections can be applied for subordinate stations. Tables enable calculations of height of tide at any time.

Tide Predictions

What are the times and heights of high and low tides at The Battery, NY on 1 June?

Step 1: Look for the station in the index

Tide Predictions

Tidal Predictions

Step 2: Turn to Table 1

Tidal Predictions

What are the times and heights of high and low tides at The Battery, NY on 1 June? 0610 ± 0.5 ft (LW) 1241 ± 3.7 ft (HW) 1757 ± 1.2 ft (LW)

Subordinate Stations

Heights and Times at Reference stations are corrected for nearby locations. Example What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Subordinate Stations

What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 1: Look for the station in the index

Subordinate Stations

What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 2: Find the Station in Table 2. Note the Differences and the Reference Station.

Subordinate Stations

What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 3: Turn to the Reference Station. Note the tide information for the day of interest.

What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

**Step 4: Add Subordinate Station corrections to time & height at Reference Station
**

HW LW 0721 0108 HW LW 5.6ft -0.7ft 0.0ft

+0 29 +0 14 -2.3ft

0750 0122 3.3ft -0.7ft

Subordinate Stations

Note: Sometimes the height corrections are ratios. Multiply instead of add!

What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Shinnecock Inlet on 04 December?

Subordinate Stations

What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Shinnecock Inlet , NY on 04 December?

**Step 4: Add Subordinate Station corrections to time & height at Reference Station
**

HW LW 0721 0108 HW LW 5.6ft -0.7ft

-0 50 -1 08 *.63ft .63ft 0631 0000 3.5ft -0.4ft

**Height at Any Time
**

We can determine the height of tide at a any time between HW & LW. Using Table 3

**Height at Any Time
**

What will be the time and height of tide at 0430 at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

**Step 1: Look for the station in the index
**

Step 2: Find the Station in Table 2. Note the Differences and the Reference Station.

**Height at Any Time
**

What will be the time and height of tide at 0430 at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 3: Turn to the Reference Station. Note the tide information for the day of interest.

Step 4: Add HW LW HW LW Subordinate Station 0721 0108 5.6ft -0.7ft corrections to time & +0 29 +0 14 -2.3ft 0.0ft height at Reference 0750 0122 3.3ft -0.7ft Station

**Height at Any Time
**

To use Table 3, we need to calculate:

Duration of rise or fall Time from nearest HW or LW Range of Tide

**Height at Any Time
**

Duration of rise or fall

0750 HW - 0122 LW 6 hrs 28 min.

**Height at Any Time
**

Time from nearest HW or LW

0750 HW - 0430 Desired Time 3 hrs 20 min. 0430 Desired Time - 0122 LW 3 hrs 08 min.

**Height at Any Time
**

Range of Tide 3.3ft -(-0.7ft) 4.0ft

Height at Any Time

6 hrs 28 min.

3 hrs 08 min.

Height at Any Time

4.0ft

Correction = 2.0 ft

**Height at Any Time
**

0430 Desired Time 0122 LW 3 hrs 08 min. LW -0.7ft +0.0ft -0.7ft -0.7ft + 2.0 ft (correction) 1.3 ft Answer

**Daylight Savings Time
**

Times in Table 1 are in Standard Time If you are keeping Daylight Savings Time, ³Spring Forward´ Add one hour to times from Table 1.

**The Bridge Problem
**

Can I pass under a bridge, power lines, etc.? If charted clearance is greater than required clearance, we can pass the bridge at any time. If charted clearance is less than required clearance, we may be able to pass beneath Tidal calculations are needed to determine if/when this is possible.

**The Bridge Problem
**

STEP #1: Obtain charted bridge clearance, ship¶s air draft and mean range of tides (table 2). STEP #2: Determine height of tide required to clear Height of tide = charted clearance ± air draft + mean range STEP #3: Determine tide correction that would result in required clearance. STEP #4: Work table 3 ³in reverse´ to determine time.

Bridge Problem

You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the latest time before 0700 that you can pass? STEP #1: Obtain charted bridge clearance, ship¶s air draft and mean range of tides (table 2).

Bridge Problem

You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the earliest time after 0430 that you can pass?

STEP #2: Determine height of tide necessary Height of tide = charted clearance ± air draft + mean range Height of tide = 35 feet ± 37 feet + 2.3 feet Height of tide = 0.3 feet

Bridge Problem

You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the latest time before 0700 that you can pass?

STEP #3: Determine tide correction that would result in required clearance. HW LW HW LW Required tide: 0.3 ft 0721 0108 5.6ft -0.7ft Nearest tide: -(-0.7 ft) +0 29 +0 14 -2.3ft 0.0ft Correction: 1.0 ft 0750 0122 3.3ft -0.7ft

Bridge Problem

You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the latest time before 0700 that you can pass?

STEP #4:

Work table 3 ³in reverse´ to determine time.

Duration: 0750 -0122 0628

Range: 3.3 ft -(-0.7 ft) 4.0 feet

Correction: 1.0 ft

Bridge Problem

Range = 4.0ft

Correction = 1.0 ft

Bridge Problem

6 hrs 28 min.

2 hrs 07 min.

Bridge Problem

You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the latest time before 0700 that you can pass?

STEP #4:

Work table 3 ³in reverse´ to determine time.

Time of nearest HW or LW:

0122

Time to nearest HW or LW: +0207 Latest time for clearance: 0329

Introduction to Navigation

Questions?

terms for mgmt test 2

Student Handbook, 2011

36 last one

33 Relative and True

32 Weather Insturments

31 Radar Navitgation

30 Current Sailing

28 Tide Currents

26 Tide Predictions

25 Tides

24 Piloting Procdurs

23 Special Case Bearings

22 Running Fix

21 Piloting

20 Dead Reakoning

19 Navigation Compass

18 Gryo Compass Error

17 the Gryo Compass

16 Magnetic Compost Ion

15 Magnetic Compass

14 Theory of Magnitism

13 Time Zones and Eta

12 Time, Speed and Distance

11 Visiblity of Lights

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->