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27 Ocean Currents

# 27 Ocean Currents

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11/19/2012

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# Navigation NAU 102 Lesson 26

Range
HW = + 6 ft
Range = 6 ± 1 = 5 ft

LW = + 1 ft Charted Depth

Range
HW = + 6 ft
Range = 6 ± (-1) = 7 ft

Charted Depth LW = - 1 ft

Tide Prediction
What is the tide right now? Can predict it using a computer program. Or, Tide Tables.

Tide Tables
Daily predictions of HW & LW at reference stations (major ports). Corrections can be applied for subordinate stations. Tables enable calculations of height of tide at any time.

Tide Predictions
What are the times and heights of high and low tides at The Battery, NY on 1 June?

Step 1: Look for the station in the index

Tide Predictions

Tidal Predictions
Step 2: Turn to Table 1

Tidal Predictions
What are the times and heights of high and low tides at The Battery, NY on 1 June? 0610 ± 0.5 ft (LW) 1241 ± 3.7 ft (HW) 1757 ± 1.2 ft (LW)

Subordinate Stations
Heights and Times at Reference stations are corrected for nearby locations. Example What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Subordinate Stations
What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 1: Look for the station in the index

Subordinate Stations
What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 2: Find the Station in Table 2. Note the Differences and the Reference Station.

Subordinate Stations
What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 3: Turn to the Reference Station. Note the tide information for the day of interest.

Subordinate Stations
What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 4: Add Subordinate Station corrections to time & height at Reference Station
HW LW 0721 0108 HW LW 5.6ft -0.7ft 0.0ft

+0 29 +0 14 -2.3ft

0750 0122 3.3ft -0.7ft

Subordinate Stations
What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Shinnecock Inlet on 04 December?

Subordinate Stations
What will be the time and height of the first HW & LW at Shinnecock Inlet , NY on 04 December?

Step 4: Add Subordinate Station corrections to time & height at Reference Station
HW LW 0721 0108 HW LW 5.6ft -0.7ft

-0 50 -1 08 *.63ft .63ft 0631 0000 3.5ft -0.4ft

Height at Any Time
We can determine the height of tide at a any time between HW & LW. Using Table 3

Height at Any Time
What will be the time and height of tide at 0430 at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 1: Look for the station in the index
Step 2: Find the Station in Table 2. Note the Differences and the Reference Station.

Height at Any Time
What will be the time and height of tide at 0430 at Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December?

Step 3: Turn to the Reference Station. Note the tide information for the day of interest.

Step 4: Add HW LW HW LW Subordinate Station 0721 0108 5.6ft -0.7ft corrections to time & +0 29 +0 14 -2.3ft 0.0ft height at Reference 0750 0122 3.3ft -0.7ft Station

Height at Any Time
To use Table 3, we need to calculate:

Duration of rise or fall Time from nearest HW or LW Range of Tide

Height at Any Time
Duration of rise or fall
0750 HW - 0122 LW 6 hrs 28 min.

Height at Any Time
Time from nearest HW or LW
0750 HW - 0430 Desired Time 3 hrs 20 min. 0430 Desired Time - 0122 LW 3 hrs 08 min.

Height at Any Time
Range of Tide 3.3ft -(-0.7ft) 4.0ft

Height at Any Time

6 hrs 28 min.

3 hrs 08 min.

Height at Any Time

4.0ft

Correction = 2.0 ft

Height at Any Time
0430 Desired Time 0122 LW 3 hrs 08 min. LW -0.7ft +0.0ft -0.7ft -0.7ft + 2.0 ft (correction) 1.3 ft Answer

Daylight Savings Time
Times in Table 1 are in Standard Time If you are keeping Daylight Savings Time, ³Spring Forward´ Add one hour to times from Table 1.

The Bridge Problem
Can I pass under a bridge, power lines, etc.? If charted clearance is greater than required clearance, we can pass the bridge at any time. If charted clearance is less than required clearance, we may be able to pass beneath Tidal calculations are needed to determine if/when this is possible.

The Bridge Problem
STEP #1: Obtain charted bridge clearance, ship¶s air draft and mean range of tides (table 2). STEP #2: Determine height of tide required to clear Height of tide = charted clearance ± air draft + mean range STEP #3: Determine tide correction that would result in required clearance. STEP #4: Work table 3 ³in reverse´ to determine time.

Bridge Problem
You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the latest time before 0700 that you can pass? STEP #1: Obtain charted bridge clearance, ship¶s air draft and mean range of tides (table 2).

Bridge Problem
You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the earliest time after 0430 that you can pass?

STEP #2: Determine height of tide necessary Height of tide = charted clearance ± air draft + mean range Height of tide = 35 feet ± 37 feet + 2.3 feet Height of tide = 0.3 feet

Bridge Problem
You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the latest time before 0700 that you can pass?

STEP #3: Determine tide correction that would result in required clearance. HW LW HW LW Required tide: 0.3 ft 0721 0108 5.6ft -0.7ft Nearest tide: -(-0.7 ft) +0 29 +0 14 -2.3ft 0.0ft Correction: 1.0 ft 0750 0122 3.3ft -0.7ft

Bridge Problem
You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the latest time before 0700 that you can pass?

STEP #4:

Work table 3 ³in reverse´ to determine time.

Duration: 0750 -0122 0628

Range: 3.3 ft -(-0.7 ft) 4.0 feet

Correction: 1.0 ft

Bridge Problem

Range = 4.0ft

Correction = 1.0 ft

Bridge Problem

6 hrs 28 min.

2 hrs 07 min.

Bridge Problem
You must cross under a bridge near Ponquogue Bridge, NY on 04 December. The bridge has a charted clearance of 35 feet. Your air draft is 37 feet. What is the latest time before 0700 that you can pass?

STEP #4:

Work table 3 ³in reverse´ to determine time.

Time of nearest HW or LW:

0122

Time to nearest HW or LW: +0207 Latest time for clearance: 0329