ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

Chapter 6
Objective

Mold Volumes from Parting Surfaces
This chapter introduces:

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Figure 6–1

Mold Volumes Creating a Mold Volume from Parting Surfaces Classifying Mold Volumes Modifying Mold Volumes Splitting Failures

The components that make up a mold are generated by creating mold volumes that are then extracted to form the components. This chapter teaches how to create the mold volumes. How to create the extracted feature will be discussed later in the course. Mold volumes are surface features and do not contain solid geometry. Mold volumes can include the core, cavity, sliders, lifters, inserts or any other component that are required to complete the mold. An example of a mold volume is shown in Figure 6–1.

Mold volumes can be either created by splitting the workpiece using parting surfaces or using existing mold volume. In addition, you can also create a volume directly without a parting surface. This direct method will be discussed in the next chapter.

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ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

The following must exist in the model to create a mold volume using a parting surface: • • • Parting surface Workpiece Reference part

One volume

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Figure 6–2 Figure 6–3 shows a two-volume split.

Reference model

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Figure 6–3

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Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

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By default, Pro/ENGINEER creates two volumes; however, you can split the workpiece into one or two volumes if necessary. Figure 6–2 shows a one-volume split.

Volumes

6–3 N T . Create the parting surface in the model. O R P Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E 1. The geometry of all workpieces are joined together and all reference parts are subtracted. The Split option is only available if the Reference Model and Workpiece are not blanked from the display. The SPLIT VOLUME menu options are described in Table 6–1. Figure 6–4 Table 6–1 Option Two Volume One Volume All Wrkpcs Mold Volume Sel Comp Description Splits an existing volume. or any gates. runners. Shading helps identify the completed volume and blanking can be used to remove the volume from the display for clarity. Click Split in the MOLD VOLUME menu.Center for Technical Knowledge™ 6. or sprue from the workpiece. It must exist in the model prior to splitting the mold volumes. Splits any part in the assembly.ASCENT . Splits the workpiece into two volumes. 3. which is filled with plastic during the molding operation. Click Mold Volume in the MOLD menu. the system begins by removing the volumes of the reference part. complete the following steps: You can use the MOLD VOUME menu to blank and shade volumes that are created in the mold. 2. Splits the workpiece into only one volume. Splits the workpieces. The SPLIT VOLUME menu appears as shown in Figure 6–4. It then computes the volume of the workpiece on each side of the surface and converts it into a volume. This creates a "vacuum" in the workpiece. To create mold volumes using a parting surface.1 How to Split the Mold When you use a parting surface to split a mold.

button in the Split dialog box. the parting surface divides the mold into more than two volumes. 6. enter a name and select the button to create the second volume. Figure 6–6 7.Center for Technical Knowledge™ 4. Enter a name and select the button to create the volume. The first new volume is highlighted and you are prompted to enter name for the first volume. In some cases. A Refpart Cutout and two Split features are added to the model tree. When prompted for the name of the second volume. O R P 6–4 P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–5 5. 8. Select the Select the parting surface when prompted and select the button. N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T . Selected islands are assigned to the first volume and the remaining islands are included in the second volume. If so. the volume assigned to that island highlights. This is called classifying the mold volumes. you will be presented with an ISLAND LIST menu similar to that shown in Figure 6–6. As you drag your cursor over the island options.ASCENT . All of the islands are listed and must be assigned to either of the mold volumes being created. Click Done in the SPLIT VOLUME menu. The Split dialog box appears as shown in Figure 6–5.

N T 6–5 .ASCENT . click Mold Volume > Modify and select the volume to modify from the Selection Tools dialog box. Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–7 Table 6–2 Option Description Gather Sketch RefPart Cutout The MOLD VOL menu options are described in Table 6–2.2 Modifying Mold Volumes To modify a mold volume. Creates a volume by sketching. Creates a volume by selecting the mold assembly surfaces. Creates a reference part cutout in a selected volume. The MOLD VOL menu appears as shown in Figure 6–7.Center for Technical Knowledge™ 6.

The volume shown in Figure 6–8 is trimmed to datum plane MOLD_FRONT. Offset area with draft Figure 6–9 N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T . quilt.ASCENT . Draft Offset Figure 6–8 Creates rounds on selected mold volumes. You can offset surfaces horizontally or tangentially. or plane. The example in Figure 6–9 shows an offset area with 15° draft. O 6–6 P R P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Round Offset Draft Drafts selected surfaces.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Option Trim to Geom Description Trims the selected volume to a part. Creates an area offset with drafted surfaces. Offsets the surfaces of a selected volume.

ASCENT . Offset area of a surface Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Replace Surface Figure 6–10 Replaces a volume surface up to a datum plane or quilt surface using the REPLACE SURFACE dialog box.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Option Area Offset Description Offsets an area of a surface as shown in Figure 6–10. Figure 6–11 N T 6–7 . as shown in Figure 6–11.

6–8 P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–12 If a split fails to be created. This option enables you to create intersection datum curves to investigate the causes of the failure. The GEOM OPTION menu appears as shown in Figure 6–12. Be default. Mold components have different absolute accuracies. Geometry checks in the model. A hole in reference part is not closed off by the parting surface. the Make Volume option is used when creating a split.Center for Technical Knowledge™ 6. select the Geom Option element in the Split dialog box and select the button. Select the Make Curves option and click Done/Return. Irregular geometry in the intersecting curves. N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T .3 Splitting Failures The most common causes of split failure include the following: • • • • • • Gaps between the reference part and workpiece are not closed off by a single parting quilt.ASCENT . The parting surface and volume do not intersect.

Change the working directory to ch6 and ensure that all files have been erased from memory. Figure 6–13 Redefine Workpiece Create Volumes Shade Volumes Task 1: Open foot_mold manufacturing file. you will modify the workpiece part.mfg.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Exercise 6a Football Stand In this exercise.ASCENT . you will able to: P R O Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E 1. 2. You will create volumes using the split feature. The model appears as shown in Figure 6–13. Goal After you complete this exercise. and shade the volumes. N T 6–9 . Open foot_mold. modify the parting surface.

5] for the -Z Core.Center for Technical Knowledge™ 3. button. button. enter [2. The model tree appears as shown P R O 6–10 P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–14 Task 2: Redefine the workpiece. 2.and Y-directions.ASCENT . Enter [6] for the overall dimension of the workpiece in the X. The Automatic Workpiece dialog box appears. The model appears as shown in N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T . 3. and enter [0. Select the Figure 6–15. To display features in the model tree. Select Features from the Model Tree Items dialog box and select the in Figure 6–14.PRT in the model tree and click Edit Definition from the right-mouse button pop-up menu. select > Tree Filters. Figure 6–15 Select the FOOT_MOLD_WRK.1] for the +Z Cavity. 1.

5. P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–16 4. The Split dialog box appears and you are prompted to select the parting surface. 6. Redefine parting surface to patch the hole. The Split dialog box appears and you are prompted to select the parting surface. The message for item 1 is: Split feature has failed. The SPLIT Accept the defaults and click Done. 2. Notice that the volumes are not created and the Troubleshooter dialog box appears.ASCENT . The SPLIT VOLUME menu appears.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Task 3: Create volumes. button. Volume cannot be split due to a hole in the parting surface. Redefine the parting surface to intersect the workpiece. Select the N Parting surface button. 7. P R O Accept the defaults and click Done. The hole is highlighted in green. Click Mold Volume > Split or select the VOLUME menu appears. Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T Select the parting surface shown in Figure 6–16 and select the 6–11 . 1. 3. Cancel the split operation and return to the MOLD menu. button.

Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design Selected islands are assigned to the first volume and islands that are not selected are included in the second volume. The ISLAND LIST menu appears as shown in Figure 6–17. Figure 6–18 Drag your cursor over the island options to highlight each island. Select the Island1 option and click Done Sel. Click Mold Volume > Shade. You can use the Name option in the ASSEM SETUP menu to assign new names for the features. 15. The Search Tool dialog box appears as shown in Figure 6–19. Enter [core] as the name and select the button.Center for Technical Knowledge™ 8. 10. This enables you to assign the three separate volumes in this model to either of the two split volumes. 13. The Volume Name dialog box reappears to name the second volume. Blank the reference part. Enter [cavity] as the name and select the N button. Select the button in the Split dialog box. and parting surface. The volumes appear as Split id # and Split id # in the model tree. The Volume Name dialog box appears as shown in Figure 6–18.ASCENT . P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–17 9. Notice the button in the Volume Name dialog box. 12. 14. or you can rename them directly in the model tree. 11. workpiece. 6–12 P R O T . Select the parting surface shown in Figure 6–17 and select the button.

ASCENT . The cavity volume appears as shown in Figure 6–20.Center for Technical Knowledge™ O Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P R P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–19 16. Move CAVITY to the items selected area and close the dialog box. N T 6–13 .

Unblank the reference part. Save the mold model and erase it from memory.ASCENT . and parting surface. The core volume appears as shown in Figure 6–21. workpiece. N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T .Center for Technical Knowledge™ P R O 6–14 P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–20 Figure 6–21 17. Click Done/Return in the MOLD VOLUME menu. Click Continue in the CntVolSel menu and select CORE using the Search Tool dialog box. 18. 19. 20.

and shade the volumes. The model appears as shown in Figure 6–22. you will modify the workpiece part. You will create volumes using split feature. N T 6–15 . The model tree appears as shown in Figure 6–23.mfg. you will able to: Redefine workpiece Create Volumes Shade Volumes P R O Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E 1. Goal After you complete this exercise. Open scoop_mold. Figure 6–23 Task 1: Open scoop_mold manufacturing file.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Exercise 6b Scoop Model In this exercise. Display features in the model tree. Figure 6–22 2.ASCENT .

ASCENT . The volumes cannot be created and the Troubleshooter dialog box appears. The Volume Name dialog box appears as shown in Figure 6–24. 13. 1. Select the Quit button from the FEAT FAILED menu. Drag your cursor over the island options to highlight each island. 12. The SPLIT VOLUME menu appears. Select the button. 7. 2. N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T . 3. 9. Increase the workpiece dimension to [16] in Y-direction. 6–16 P Selected islands are assigned to the first volume and islands that are not selected are included in the second volume. O R P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E 4. move it to the items selected area and close the Search Tool dialog box. The Split dialog box appears and you are prompted to select the parting surface. 14. Click Mold Volume > Split or select the VOLUME menu appears. The SPLIT Accept the defaults and click Done. From the list of quilts that are returned in the items found section. The message window reads. 5. ends of gaps in intersection curves are highlighted in red. The ISLAND LIST menu appears. The Split feature has failed due to problems in the intersection of parting geometry with the mold volume. Select the button in the Select dialog box. "Open geometry found in the results".Center for Technical Knowledge™ Task 2: Create volumes. Accept the defaults and click Done. 8. button. 11. Intersection curves are highlighted in green. Select MAIN_SURF and click Done Sel. Select the Island1 and Island3 options and click Done Sel. The Split dialog box appears and you are prompted to select the parting surface. Select the button in the Split dialog box. 6. select MAIN_SURF. Cancel the split operation and return to the MOLD menu. 10. Select the button and select the button.

The volumes appear as Split id # and Split id # in the model tree.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Figure 6–24 Notice the button in the Volume Name dialog box. Select the 21. 23. Select the button and select the button. Enter [scoop_2] as the T 15. 19. Drag your cursor over the island options to highlight each island. 24. Select PART_SURF_1 in the Search Tool dialog box. The Volume Name dialog box reappears. Select the Island1 option and click Done Sel. Select the button in the Split dialog box. button. Click One Volume > Mold Volume > Done. button. The Volume Name dialog box appears. The Split dialog box and Search Tool dialog box appear. You are prompted to select the parting surface. 22. The ISLAND LIST menu appears. Enter [scoop_3] as the name and select the Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P N 16. R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E 17. 6–17 . Enter [scoop_1] as the name and select the button. You can use the Name option in the ASSEM SETUP menu to assign new names for the features. 25. 18. Select the name and select the button.ASCENT . Select SCOOP_1in the Search Tool dialog box. 20. button. The SPLIT VOLUME menu appears.

6–18 P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–25 27. They appear as shown in Figure 6–25. N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T .Center for Technical Knowledge™ 26. Shade each volume. Save the mold model and erase it from memory.ASCENT .

prt. 1.prt. Figure 6–26 Open the outlet_strip.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Exercise 6c Outlet Strip Project In this project. N Perform a draft check on the outlet_strip part Apply a shrinkage ratio to all dimensions of the part Create the mold model. and parting surface Split the mold into two volumes T 6–19 . you will perform the following: P R O Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Task 1: Open outlet_strip.ASCENT . The part appears as shown in Figure 6–26. reference model.

Name the file [OUTLET_MOLD]. N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T . 1. The model appears as shown in Figure 6–27.002] to all dimensions of the model using the Shrinkage option in the PART SETUP menu. 2. Does this model have enough draft to be molded? 3. Activate the Direction field in the References area of the Definition tab on the Draft dialog box and select datum plane TOP as the pull direction. Add a shrinkage ratio value of [0. Mate the bottom surface of the outlet_strip model to the MAIN_PARTING_PLN datum plane. Select the top of the model and click Pick from list from the right mouse button pop-up menu. 6–20 P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E 5. Create a new manufacturing file to begin creating the mold for this model. Task 3: Create a manufacturing file. Perform a Draft Check on the model by clicking Analysis > Geometry > Draft. . Use the icons and angle value in the Draft Angle area to identify the approximate draft angle of your model on different surfaces. Select the draft features in the model tree and click Edit from the right mouse button pop-up menu. 1.ASCENT . Click SolidGeom and select 2.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Task 2: Perform a draft check on the model. 4. Align FRONT with MOLD_FRONT and RIGHT with MOLD_RIGHT. Determine the exact draft angles on drafted surfaces.

you identify your reference model and design part as the same model.ASCENT . Create the reference model using the Same Model option. R O P Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–27 1. The curve appears as shown in Figure 6–29. Change the mold direction using the Pull Direction option in the ASSEM SETUP menu. The reference model has been blanked for clarity. Create a rectangular workpiece using the Automatic Workpiece dialog box. 4. resolve it. 3. 2.Center for Technical Knowledge™ By selecting the Same Model option. If you receive an absolute accuracy conflict. Create a silhouette curve. Enter the rectangular dimensions shown in Figure 6–28. Task 4: Create a workpiece in the mold model. Figure 6–28 5. Any changes made at the mold level takes effect at the part level. N T 6–21 .

Figure 6–30 Task 5: Split the model. Use Task 4 of exercise 5B for reference. N Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design T .ASCENT . Enter [OUTLET_PS] as the name of the skirt surface. The volumes appear as shown in Figure 6–31. O P R 6–22 P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–29 6. 1. Split the mold into two volumes. Name the volumes [OUTLET_1] and [OUTLET_2]. 7. The Skirt option is not available in the SRF OPTS menu unless all components are displayed. The skirt surface appears as shown in Figure 6–30.Center for Technical Knowledge™ Use Task 2 of exercise 5B for reference. Use OUTLET_PS as the parting surface. Shade each volume. Click Shade in the PARTING SURF menu. Create a skirt surface using the silhouette curve. 2.

N T 6–23 . Save the mold and erase all files from memory.ASCENT .Center for Technical Knowledge™ OUTLET_2 OUTLET_1 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Figure 6–31 3.

ASCENT .Center for Technical Knowledge™ 6–24 P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design N T .

ASCENT . N T 6–25 .Center for Technical Knowledge™ Review Questions Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 What is a mold volume? Does a mold volume contain solid geometry or surface geometry? How do you create a split? Question 5 Question 6 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E How do you specify which mold volume to assign a volume to if there are more then two generated by the parting surface? Which option in the Split dialog box can be used to convert the mold volume to curves to help resolve a split failure? Describe in a few short sentences the most common causes of split failure related to your work.

Center for Technical Knowledge™ 6–26 P R O P E 8 6 RT 6 -5 Y 2 OF 7 -2 A 3 S 6 C 8 E Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design N T .ASCENT .

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