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MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) <1> © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) <2>

MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

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Piston, Air Spring
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Relief holes

Flange

Air Piston

Teflon ring

Teflon ring with


back-up O-ring

Conical Locking Ring

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Spindle Rotation Check


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Rod for checking spindle


rotation

Reaches contact with the air


piston by activation.

Note!
The rod must only be
activated
for shorter periods

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 12 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 13 >

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Exhaust valve system Safety Valve
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Safety Valve:
Adjustment of opening
pressure: 21 bar

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Exhaust valve system


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Valves in exhaust valve system Piston, Air Spring


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Adjusting valve
(for control of leakage)
Non return valve

To
hydraulic
system

Safety Valve
or
Camshaft oil Relief holes

Back pressure valve for air spring (17.5 or 21 bar)


Safety valve for hydraulic system (300 bar)

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Actuator Piston
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R0.1 max (sharp edged)

Orifice (0.7mm)
L

Damper Piston

Main Piston

Piston Rings Crossbar (Distance: 47-51.2mm)

Distance Disc

Exhaust Valve
Spindle

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 29 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 30 >

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Actuator Piston New Standard
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Damper Piston

Compression pressure will be


Positioning element
unaffected:
•By grinding of the exhaust
valve seating throughout the
lifetime of the engine.
Main Piston
•During cold-running of the
engine.

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MC EXHAUST VALVE
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Sealing oil system - Principle


Sealing oil
dosage unit
Consumption ~ 1l/day/cylinder

Supply from
’Leak oil chamber’
Sealing oil

New air cylinder

New spindle guide

Single sealing ring


For new Plant Specification after April 2002

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 41 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 42 >

Exhaust Valve Sealing Oil Dosage Unit Exhaust Valve Sealing Oil Dosage Unit
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1. Vertical cross section, pressure low 2. Horizontal cross section, pressure low. Needle connected to output.

Spring tension
4 – 5 bar

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Exhaust Valve Sealing Oil Dosage Unit Exhaust Valve Sealing Oil Dosage Unit
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

3. Pressure high. Needle connected to input and charged with oil. 4. Pressure decreasing. Needle charge not released yet.

Spring tension Spring tension


4 – 5 bar 4 – 5 bar

10 – 15 bar 10 – 15 bar
oil pressure. oil pressure.
© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 45 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 46 >

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Exhaust Valve Sealing Oil Dosage Unit
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5. Pressure low. Needle connected to output, charge delivered.

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MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

Small dent marks on the


seating are acceptable
and need NOT to be
K98MC/ME
ground away if they don’t
make blow-by.

Small dent marks on the spindle seating are acceptable and


need NOT to be ground away if they don’t make blow-by.
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Exhaust Valve Actuator
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MC EXHAUST VALVE
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

Areas for possible improvements on the MC Exhaust Valve


1983 - 2005

Items Improved Items


K98MC
K90MC
ƒClosing damper Self-adjusting damper
ƒSpindle guide Cast iron/high spindle g.
Spindle stem HVOF
Water cooling Modified cooling
Sealing system Controlled oil level
Sealing ring Cr sealing ring
ƒViton sealing U-seal
ƒSpindle seat DuraSpindle
Bottom piece seat Hardened steel W-seat

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 105 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 108 >

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MC EXHAUST VALVE
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

Bottom piece for engine types: K/L/S-MC/-C/-S


1983 - 1992:
26 - 50 MC Cooled Alloy 50
60 - 90 MC Cooled Stellite 6

1992 – 1997:
26 - 50 MC Cooled Alloy 50
60 - 90 MC Semi-cooled hard. steel

1997 - 2000:
26 - 42 MC Cooled hard.steel
46 - 98 MC Semi-cooled hard. steel

2000 – :
26 - 42 MC Cooled W-seat
46 - 98 MC Semi-cooled W-seat

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Exhaust Valve Spindle &


Bottom Piece 98MC/MC-C – 26MC
MAN B&W Diesel MC EXHAUST VALVE MAN B&W Diesel

Chamber seat W-seat The longer lifetime on the seat area is achieved
with the new geometry of the W-seat, which
retains the temperature reducing features of the
chamber seat and combines them with the
benefit of the two narrow concentric contact
areas.
The effect is that all carbon particles which are
trapped between the spindle and bottom piece
are crushed and squeezed out and therefore
eliminated without giving rise to any appreciable
risk dents.

The spindle and seat are fit for further use


provided that :
• There is contact along the entire inner
circumference of the seat.
• There are no blow-by tracks across the inner 16,000 h between overhauls
part of the seats.
60-100,000 h lifetime for spindle
> 30,000 h lifetime for bottom piece

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 113 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 114 >

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Bottom Piece
W-Seat
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U-Type Sealing Ring:

Heat the sealing ring in 100°C hot


water for at least five minutes
before mounting

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Bottom Piece
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel MC EXHAUST VALVE
References of W-seats Valve spindle for engine types: K/L/S-MC/-C/-S
running for more than 36000 1983 - 1992:
hours without any grinding 26 - 50 MC Alloy 50
and only very small dent marks 60 - 90 MC Stellite 6

Cr (0.25 mm) 1992 – 2002:


Hole for indication of cooling HVOF (0.15 mm) Nimonic
26 - 50 MC Alloy 50
water leakage from the S50MC / 60 - 98 MC Nimonic
lowermost sealing ring or gas
SNCrW
leakage from the combustion
2002 - :
chamber 26 - 50 MC DuraSpindle
S50MC / 60 - 98 MC Nimonic

U-type sealing ring


(Teflon with a spring back-up)
1983 – 1996: Cr stem coating
Alloy 50 Stellite 6
Connect compressed air to the
air spring to keep the exhaust 1996 - : HVOF stem coating
valve closed during mounting (INCO 625 on request)

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 122 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 123 >

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Exhaust Valve Nimonic Spindle


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Formation of dent marks is an


inevitable consequence of service HVOF-coating
on
heavy fuel oil.

Dent marks may appear harmful, but


will in general have no influence on Vane wheel for gas
driven spindle rotation
the performance of the exhaust
valve
seat.

If indications of blow-by are found,


then the seat must be ground.
Base Material: Nimonic 80A

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 126 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 127 >

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Exhaust Valve Spindle - Stem
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

HVOF: High Velocity Oxy-Fuel Process


HVOF spraying on valve stem

ƒ Coating applied on the


exhaust valve stem only

150 µm
ƒ Highly wear-resistant mixture
of metalcarbide and superalloy
Ni-Cr + Cr3C2
ƒ Thermally sprayed coating
ƒ Thickness: about 0.25 mm Ni-Cr-W valve steel

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 129 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 131 >

MC EXHAUST VALVE
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

Valve spindle stem sealing ring

HVOF - ring

Cr - ring

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MC EXHAUST VALVE
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

K90MC W-seat in combination with Nimonic spindles, 36.000 hrs service

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 138 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 139 >

Design Exhaust Valve Bottom Piece


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Exhaust valve K90MC-C K98MC-C


K98MC, K98MC-C
Features:
ƒ Damped valve closing by means of oil cushion
Original design Modified design
ƒ New sealing air chamber suitable for air as well as
oil sealing medium
ƒ Hardened steel chamber-type bottom piece
ƒ HVOF coating on Nimonic spindles New tool for handling
Improvements: (instead of bolt assembly)
2 pcs.
ƒ Mechanical stop for spindle movement combined
with safety valve in actuator
ƒ Smaller bottom piece
ƒ Cooling water connection between cylinder cover
and valve housing through bores in valve housing
Increased diameter
ƒ Strengthened design of damper piston 0.15° taper
ƒ Cast iron liner in hydraulic cylinders
ƒ Cast iron single bush for valve stem
Verification: Hardened Decreased
W-seat diameter
ƒ Calculation and service tests

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 140 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 141 >

MAN B&W Diesel A/S


Rolled exhaust valve spindles MC EXHAUST VALVE
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

”DuraValve”
Welding and rolling preparation of DuraSpindle

Welded Ni-base alloy


10 t
Inconel 718 / Rene220

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 152 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 153 >

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Exhaust Valve Spindle - Plate MC EXHAUST VALVE
MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

Rolled seat area of 50MC DuraSpindle

MIG/MAG welding on valve seat

Inconel 718
/Rene 220
Ni-Cr-W
valve steel

© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 154 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 155 >

Exhaust valve – Rolling equipment MC EXHAUST VALVE


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Section of rolled and heat treated 35 MC DuraSpindle seat

• Background
The roller is pressed against a rotating spindle at a
pressure of 10 tons. The combination of the deformation
and the subsequent heating in the oven imparts a
hardness to the interial which has not been seen before. Hardness distribution of section
© MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 156 > © MAN B&W Diesel 2006.02.01 (4140 / PWN) < 157 >

MC EXHAUST VALVE MC EXHAUST VALVE


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Nimonic spindle & Nimonic spindle & W-seat,


chamber seat, S60MC, S60MC, 25.500 service hrs
25.500 service hrs

DuraSpindle & W-seat,


DuraSpindle & S60MC,33.900 service hrs
chamber seat, S60MC,
33.900 service hrs

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MAN B&W Diesel A/S


MAN B&W Diesel MAN B&W Diesel

Thank you for


your attention
Preben Noeies

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MAN B&W Diesel

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