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Academic Support Group

RESULT ANALYSIS OF CLASS X HAS SHOWN THE FOLLOWING TRENDS : CBSE Results of class X & XII have gone up continuously upto 2004 Results have declined in 2004-2005 in almost all the districts Subjects mainly responsible for this decline are

**Mathematics Social Science English
**

Result analysis reflects that a student who is able to pass in Mathematics has fairly good chance to get through in other subjects too.

FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR RESULT IN MATHEMATICS

Phobia of Mathematics among students Poor Previous Knowledge Poor Calculation Skills Lack of practice in mathematics Faulty Methods of Teaching

FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR RESULT IN MATHEMATICS

Poor Quality of Assignments Improper Checking of Assignments Insufficient follow up of correction work Lack of practice in attempting the question paper Non identification of easy scoreable areas

STEPS FOR IMPROVEMENT Stress on Mental Mathematics in order to improve calculation skills and reduce phobia Introduction of short Bridge Courses Encouraging practice in class and at home Discouraging use of help books Using appropriate method of teaching for various areas of the subject Assignments based on application from outside the text book and with changed numerical values be given .

attempting the easier questions first . highlighting mistakes Ensuring follow up of correction work by the students Increased number of tests based on Board pattern Development of strategy of attempting the question paper eg.STEPS FOR IMPROVEMENT Improving quality of checking of assignments and tests eg.

ACCOUNTABILITY OF TEACHERS Result analysis will now be done teacher-wise Teacher-wise result analysis will be monitored by HQ Necessary action will be taken for poor result .

STEPS TAKEN TO IMPROVE BOARD RESULTS .

PRESENT SCENARIO Performance of students of govt.schools of Delhi in CBSE not up to the mark Constant need of efforts to improve Board results with focus on class X Result analysis shows that mathematics is the weakest area .

What is being done« Department of Education is committed to improve upon the Board results. Many efforts are in motion .

Steps taken so far« Zero period for weak students of Class X and XII Unit Tests on every Monday in all schools for all subjects in rotation Preparation and distribution of Question Banks to students (Free of cost) .

Steps taken so far« Stress on proper correction and application based assignments Results of unit tests to be monitored and conveyed to parents Special seminars in subjects like mathematics which is identified as main cause of poor results .

How to score more in Mathematics? .

PRESENT SITUATION Poor result of Mathematics is the cause of decline in Board result. . Improvement in Mathematics result is essential for improvement of class X result. Responsibility for improvement lies on the Mathematics teachers.

NEED OF THE HOUR To improve the result quantitatively i. . To pull up the students obtaining 20 marks or so to the pass marks level. To improve the result qualitatively i.e. increase the number of students passing.e. enable students to clear competitive exams.

WEIGHTAGE TO SUBJECT UNIT Coordinate Geometry 8% Statistics 12% Algebra 26% Mensuration 10% Trigonometry 10% Commercial Mathematics 12% Geometry 22% .

BLUE PRINT Time: 3 Hours CONTENT AREA M. Algebra 1. Polynomials 3.M 100 NUMBER OF QUESTIONS OF 3 Marks 4 Marks 6 Marks I. Arithmetic Progression Sub Total II. Quadratic Equation 5. Rational Expression 4. Commercial Mathematics 1. Instalments 2. Linear Equations 2. Income Tax Sub Total 26 (8) 7 (2) 3 (1) 3 (1) 7 (2) 6 (2) 26 (8) 12(3) 6(2) 6 (1) 12 (3) 2 2 Continued « 1 1 1 1 1 1 2* 6 1 1 2 - .

Statistics VII. Constructions Sub Total IV. Geometry 1. Coordinate Geometry Sub Total GRAND TOTAL Summary: Number of Questions of 6 Marks: 5 4 Marks: 10 3 Marks: 10 22 (5) 9 (2) 9 (2) 4 (1) 22 (5) 10 (2) 10 (2) 12(3) 8 (2) 40 (9) 100 (25) 1 1* 2 10 1 1 1 1* 3 2 7 10 1* 1 2 1* 1 2 5 NUMBER OF QUESTIONS OF 3 Marks 4 Marks 6 Marks * Indicates Internal Choice . Mensuration V. Similar Triangles 2.BLUE PRINT CONTENT AREA III. Trigonometry VI. Circles 3.

Weightage to Difficulty Level of Questions S.No 1 2 3 Estimated Difficulty Level of Questions Easy Average Difficult Percentage of Marks 15% 70% 15% .

there is no overall choice in the question paper. However. . internal choices have been provided in two questions of 3 marks each.e.Scheme of Options All questions are compulsory i. These choices have been given from within the same topic and in questions which test higher mental abilities of students. two questions of 4 marks each and two questions of 6 marks each.

ALGEBRA .

Answer should be written separately as x =------and y=-------- 3 2. ii. Solving the equation Simultaneous linear equations (any method) 2 ii. Writing answer as x =-y =--1 while subtracting the second equation from the first equation the students do not change the signs of terms of the second equation.ALGEBRA SubSub-Topic : Linear Equations in two Variables Value Points :² 7 (3+4) Type of Expected Questions 1. Some times students mark x axis as y axis & vice versa & so plot the points wrongly i. Preparing the tables for Method each equation ½+½ ii.axis or y. Finding the point of intersection of any plotted line with x.axis correctly. Solve the Marking Scheme Common Mistakes committed by students i. i. Finding the co. Students use separate Graph sheet for each equation ii. Graphical i. Do not write the solution as answer iii. They do not write answer separately. Points to be Emphasised Ratin g/ Mark s Easy i. In Elimination method. y=--1 i. Easy 4 . Plotting the graph correctly for each equation 1+1 iii. Writing the solution as answer as x=----.ordinates of point of intersection of the lines plotted iii. Should change the sign of terms of second equation from first while subtracting ii. Marking both the axis correctly ii.

Factorisation of polynomials ii Writing G.Enough practice should be given on using remainder theorem for finding a & b Rating/ Marks 1+ 1 1 1 1 1 Easy 3 Average i.M. Finding the constants a and b if G.C. After factorisation the answer should be in lowest form . OF Polynomials Value Points ² 3 (1) Type of Expected Questions 1. Writing the formula correctly ii. and/or L. if f(a)= 0.. Based on formula G.C. for an equation x2+x-12 if x-3 is a factor.D.C. e.C.Enough practice should be given to use the formula correctly ii. 2.M. X L. Common Mistakes committed by students i.C. Do not write the answer in simplified form Points to be Emphasised i.C.C. and L.D. Do not write the formula correctly ii. then value of x should be substituted as (3)2 +(3) ± 12 instead of writing directly as 9+3-12 i. Factorisation of G. Simplifying & getting correct answer 1 2 i.M = p(x) X q(x) i.ALGEBRA SubSub-Topic : G. While splitting the middle term they do not write signs (+ or -) correctly i.D. then (x .C.C.a) is µa¶ factor of f(x) ii. Find the G.e.Proper use of remainder theorem i.D ii.D.C.Finding value of µb¶ 3. is given Marking Scheme i.D. While using remainder theorem they do not substitute the value of x in the equation correctly . & L.M. Splitting of the middle term for factorisation i. Finding value of µa¶ iii.g.

e. Writing the answer in simplified form Common Mistakes committed by students 2 They do not write the answer in simplified form i. lowest term Points to be Emphasised i.ALGEBRA SubSub-Topic : Rational Expressions Value Points ² 3 (1) Type of Expected Questions Reduce to the lowest form Marking Scheme i. Answer should be written in lowest terms ii.Factorisation of Polynomials ii. Practise should be given in factorisation of polynomials by splitting the middle term Rating/ Marks Average 1 .

ALGEBRA SubSub-Topic : Quadratic Equations Value Points ² 7 (3+4) Type of Expected Questions 1.4ac ii.They must be given enough practice in forming the equation Difficult . Assuming variables ½ ii. root of discriminant (D) correctly Points to be Emphasised i. Students are unable to even form the equations i. c correctly iii. c 1 ii. b. Do not write the value of sq. Substituting the correct values of a. Arriving at Quadratic equation iv. Word Problem on Quadratic equation or linear equation (internal choice) i. Writing the values of a. Factorisation v. Writing the answer 1 1 1 ½ Common Mistakes committed by students i. b. Finding the square root of the number Rating/ Marks Average 1.Simplifying and arriving at correct 1 answer i. Do not write + or ± signs with the values of a. b and c ii. c in D =b2. Forming the Equation iii. Writing the formula and substituting the values 1 of a. b. Solve the equation Marking Scheme i.

Finding the required 1 term Common Mistakes committed by students i. Sn i. Correct substitution of values 1 iii.P. They do not use the formula correctly ii.e. ii. Writing the formula of Sn 1 iii. In writing the nth term they forget to subtract one from n e. for finding 20th term they write a20=a+20d instead of a20 =a+19d Sometimes they use last term µl¶ as µn¶ Points to be Emphasised i.g. Calculation mistakes iii. Learning and application of the correct formula ii. Writing µa¶ and µd¶ from 1 the given A. Short method should be used to find the nth term if sum to n terms is given Rating/ Marks Easy 3 Finding the Sum of n terms i.ALGEBRA SubSub-Topic : Arithmetic Progression (AP) Value Points ² 6 (3+3) Type of Expected Questions 1. Finding Sn as solution 1 Stress should be given on the application of correct formula Easy 3 .Finding the nth term Marking Scheme i. Use of correct formula 1 ii.

COMMERCIAL MATHS .

Instalment question will contain 3 or 4 instalments iii. Calculation mistakes Points to be Emphasised Rating/ Marks Question will usually involve three 3 steps Easy i. Finding the rate of interest 3. Incorrect use of Instalment formulae ii. Finding the total amount paid or sum borrowed Marking Scheme Common Mistakes committed by students i. In questions involving compound interest maximum number of instalments would be three . Finding the amount of instalment 2.COMMERCIAL MATHEMATICS Sub Topic: Instalments Value Points 6 (3+3) Points: Types of expected questions 1. Practice to be given in calculations 6 ii.

* 190000 10000 80000 (wrong) 190000 10000 180000 (right) ii. Education CESS to be calculated on the total tax due Easy 6 . Student should be taught to subtract correctly for e. Advance Tax is multiplied by 12 Instead of 11 iii.g. Calculation mistakes ii. Find the total income tax to be paid i. Usually the question will have major 6 2.Find the tax steps of calculations to be paid in 6 the last month 1. Education CESS is subtracted instead of adding i. Education CESS is applied after subtracting the advance tax iv.COMMERCIAL MATHEMATICS Sub Topic Income Tax Topic: Value Points 6 (1) Points: Types of expected questions Marking Scheme Common Mistakes committed by students Points to be Emphasised Rating / Marks i.

Geometry .

construction ½each ii. Proof iii. Rider 2 2 i. Proof 2 ½ Common Mistakes committed by students i. Theorem with rider i.Proofs are not relevant to the figure Points to be Emphasised i.Correct figure ½ ii.Sometimes the students write the theorem without drawing the figure. hence get no marks ii.They should draw the figure first.Problem on Similar triangles Marking Scheme i.Proof is not relevant to the figure iii.GEOMETRY SubSub-Topic : Similar Triangles Value Points ² 9 (3+6) Type of Expected Questions 1. ii. given.Correct use of relevant similar triangle theorem Rating/ Marks Difficult 2. Explanation should be given according to the figure drawn Theorem part is easy 4 . They do not show the angles in the figure mentioned in the proof i. to prove.Figure.They do not draw the figure correctly ii.

Proof 2 iii. Theorem with rider i. ii. Figure.Sometime they write the theorem without drawing the figure ii. Proof is not relevant to the figure Points to be Emphasised Correct use of relevant theorem in circle Rating/ Marks Difficult 2.Correct figure ½ ii. so repeated practice of writing the theorem is required with correct figure Theorem part easy 4 . They should draw the figure first. construction ½ each ii. to prove. given. Rider 2 i. Proofs are not relevant to the figure i. Proof 2 ½ Common Mistakes committed by students i They do not draw the figure correctly ii.GEOMETRY SubSub-Topic : Circle Value Points ² 9 (3+6) Type of Expected Questions 1. Explanation should given according to the figure iii. Both the theorem would be out of 10 starred theorem. Problem based on circle Marking Scheme i.

Correct construction i. They do not draw neat figures i. They should use sharpened pencils ii. Angle should be constructed with the help of compass only iv.They do not draw angle correctly iii. Enough practice should be given for all the constructions in the class itself iii.They do not 3 construct angles with the help of ii. Writing the steps of construction 1 compass ii. Use of protracter (D) is not allowed Easy 4 .GEOMETRY SubSub-Topic : Constructions Value Points ² 4(1) Type of Expected Questions Construction Marking Scheme Common Mistakes committed by students Points to be Emphasised Rating/ Marks i.

MENSURATION .

Students use wrong formula v. Formula and substitution of values 1 figure iv. Mixed iii. Solve the question without drawing the figure iii. Formula and of solids substitution of values 1 ii. Same units are not used ii. Solving the problem 5 3. All the Difficult formulae are to be learnt by heart ii Area unit to be specified as square of the unit and the volume be as cube of the unit . Solving the problem 3 For 6 marks question 2. Units are not specified with the answers iv.MENSURATION Value Points: 10 (4+6) Type of expected questions Marking Scheme Common Mistakes committed by students i.Conversion For 4 marks question i.Frustrum i. Make calculation mistakes Points to be Emphasised Rating/ Marks 1.

TRIGONOMETRY .

angles to be applied directly. Make mistakes in using correct T. Proving of identities Solution usually involves 4 steps. 900 are to be memorised. sin550 = cos (900-550) ii. 450. Correct i.g. Do not use of the Students should be made to learn the basic identities basic identities correctly thoroughly e.ratios during simplification . Answer 1 etc.TRIGONOMETRY Value Points: 10 (4+6) Type of expected questions Marking Scheme Common Mistakes committed by the students Points to be Emphasised Rating /Mark s 1. sin2 =1-cos2 ii. Each step carries 1 mark i. 600. They write sin change of 550 = sin (900-550) complementary ii. Wrong values 2 are substituted angles ii. sin600 iii.cult 2. Solution 1 for sin300.Complementary angles (Internal choice in Q1 & 2) i.ratios of 00. i. Values of T.. Easy 4 . 300. Comp. Diffi .

TRIGONOMETRY Type of expected questions Height & Distance Marking Scheme Common Mistakes committed by the students Points to be Emphasised Rating/ marks i. Correct figure a. Angle of problem depression is not marked in the figure iii. if required in the question i. Angle nearer to 900 should be greater than the angle farther than 900 d. Angle nearer to 900 1 is smaller than the angle farther than ii. Unit of distance is not changed. Questions would not involve more than two right angled triangles e. Solving the 900 4 ii. If in a question angle of depression is mentioned it should be marked in the figure c. Answer should be marked with proper unit as it carries one mark Easy part is figure 1 mark . Writing the answer 1 if it is mentioned in the question iii. Students should be told that angle of depression is equal to angle of elevation b.

STATISTICS 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1st t 2nd Qt 3rd Qtr 4t Qtr East est N rt .

Correct formula ½ iv. fixi 1 iii. they write it as 260p Common Mistakes committed by the students i.STATISTICS SubSub-Topic : Mean Value Points ² 4(1) Type of Expected Questions 1. Any method of finding the mean can be adopted . Finding the mean for discrete or continuous data Marking Scheme i. fixi 1½ ii.g.Finding mean correctly ½ 1.Lots of practice should be given for calculating fixi and totalling Rating/ Marks Easy 4 i.They should learn the formulae ii.They do not write the formulae ii. sum of fixi Points to be Emphasised i. Writing correct value of xi.They should be properly guided and given enough practice ii.Forming equations in missing frequencies 2 ii. Calculation mistakes in finding the values of fixi.Finding the missing frequencies i. if sum of fixi is 250+10p. Solving the equations and finding the missing frequencies 2 They add the value of µp¶ along with the data e. Finding sum of fi .

Finding the Central angles from the given data 2 ii.They should be guided to make acute angles first ii. Beautification is not required iii. They spend more time in beautifying the pie chart i. They do not make correct central angles specially when it is obtuse or more than 180o ii. They should name the region correctly in the chart .Finding the data using the central angle 4 Common Mistakes committed by the students They divide the central angle with the data and multiply with 360o Points to be Emphasised Central angle of the pie chart should be divide by 360o and multiplied by the data Rating / Marks Easy 4 Drawing the Pie chart with the given data i.STATISTICS SubSub-Topic : Pie Chart Value Points ² 4(1) Type of Expected Questions Reading the Pie chart Marking Scheme i.Drawing the Pie chart correctly 2 i.

they count it as 15 instead of 16 Points to be Emphasised They should be given enough practice to write total outcomes. Favourable outcomes iii.Total outcomes ii.STATISTICS Sub-Topic : Probability Value Points ² 4(1) Type of Expected Questions Finding the probability Marking Scheme i. favourable outcomes. the formula and then the probability Rating /Marks Easy 4 . They do the counting of outcomes in case of cards wrongly e.g. in case of cards numbered from 15 to 30.They do not write the total outcomes of the event ii.They do not write the formula iii. Finding probability 1 1 2 Common Mistakes committed by students i.

COORDINATE GEOMETRY .

The students should learn to calculate square root correctly Rating / Marks Easy ½ 4 i. Proving a quadrilateral to be a Rectangle.Finding a point on x-axis equidistant from two points 2. They should use section formula for doing this question. Writing answer 1 2½ Common Mistakes i. root correctly Points to be Emphasised i. Solution iii.Showing the points are collinear 3. Finding the value of 1 µk¶ i. Formula ii. Average 2 .CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY Value Points ² 8 (4+4) Type of Expected Questions 1. They do not find Sq.Taking ratio p : 1 and finding the ratio 3 ii. Make mistakes in calculation iii. They do not write formula correctly ii. parallelogram etc Finding the value of µk¶ when three points are collinear using section formula Marking Scheme i. They use distance formula instead of section formula for doing this question which involves lengthy calculations i. More practice should be given for writing and applying the formula correctly ii. square.

Graphical Solution of Linear Equations (Algebra) 7. Finding the mean (Statistics) 2. Finding the missing frequencies (Statistics) 3. All Starred Theorems (Geometry) 6.TOPICS TO BE EMPHASISED 1. Instalments (Commercial Mathematics) . Use of Distance and Section Formula (Co-ordinate Geometry) 5. Reading & Plotting PIE .CHART (Statistics) 4.

Factorisation ² by splitting the middle term 10. Constructions (6) 11. Complementary Angles (Trigonometry) .TOPICS TO BE EMPHASISED 8. Income Tax (Commercial Maths) 9.

.

Neelam Verma Chairperson ASG. Ms. Mrs. Social Science .Neelam Kapoor 6. Mrs. Hemant Tahiliani E. DDE South DDE (C). Poonam Virmani 9.Acknowledgements: 1. Home Science Lecturer.25.Dr. Mrs Suman Rekha E. Member ASG 3. Mr. Zone . Mrs. Mathematics TGT. Mrs. B N Bajpai 2. Member ASG 4. Dr.O. Zone . Kusum Dutta 8. Anju Mehta 10. ADE (S). Mathematics TGT.O.14 Lecturer. Savita Vij 7. Mathematics Lecturer. Devi Singh 5. Sh. Mrs. Home Science TGT.

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