Configuring and Managing Distributed File System

provide a virtual view of shared folders located on different servers ‡ DFS Replication .What Is the Distributed File System? The Distributed File System incorporates technologies that provide fault-tolerant access to geographically dispersed files DFS technologies include: ‡ DFS Namespaces .provides a compression technology that is optimized for data transfers over limited-bandwidth networks .provides high-availability and fault-tolerance to files and folders ‡ Remote Differential Compression .

com\Marketing DFS Replication 1 Folder Targets \\NYC-SRV-01\ProjectDocs \\LON-SRV-01\ProjectDocs Namespace 2 User in London Server in London 1 2 User types: \\contoso.com\marketing Client computers contact a namespace server and receive a referral Client computers cache the referral and then contact the first server in the referral .User in New York How DFS Namespaces and DFS Replication Work Server in New York 2 1 \\Contoso.

DFS Scenarios Scenario Sharing files across branch offices Hub site Hub site Example Branch office Branch office Hub site Hub site Data collection Branch office Branch office Hub site Hub site Data distribution Site 1 Site 1 Site 2 Site 2 .

What Are Folders and Folder Targets? Folders: Folder targets include: ‡ Shared folders (\\server\share) ‡ Folders in a shared folder (\\server\share\folder) ‡ A path to another namespace (\\domainname\rootname) Folder Targets \\LDN-SRV-01\Tools London Namespace Root Folder \\Contoso\Public \\NYC-SRV-01\Tools New York Tools Training Guides \\NYC-SRV-02\Training New York ‡ Are the primary elements of a namespace ‡ Have at least one folder target Namespace Server Namespace Software Folders with Targets .

Namespace Server Requirements A namespace server is: ‡ A domain controller or member server ‡ Windows ServerŒ2003 or Windows Server°2008 Namespace server considerations: ‡ Must contain an NTFS volume to host the namespace ‡ Must be in the same domain if the namespace is domain-based ‡ Cannot be a clustered resource if the namespace is domain-based .

Deploying Namespaces for Publishing Content To configure a namespace for publishing content: 1 Create a namespace 2 Create a folder in the namespace 3 Add folder targets 4 Set the ordering method for targets in referrals Optional tasks: 5 6 Set target priority to override referral ordering Enable client failback 7 Replicate folder targets using DFS-R You may also need to delegate the ability to create and manage namespaces .

What Are Replication Groups and Replicated Folders? ‡ Replication Group ‡ A set of servers. known as members.xls Projects Replicated Folders Proposals Proposals Projects .doc Member Proposals\Budget. that participate in replicating one or more replicated folders ‡ Can be configured for multipurpose or data collection purposes ‡ Replicated Folder ‡ A folder that is kept synchronized on each member Replication Group Connection Projects\Spec.

Scalability Considerations for DFS Replication Scalability considerations include: ‡ Each server can be a member of up to 256 replication groups ‡ Each replication group can contain up to 256 replicated folders ‡ Each server can have up to 256 connections ‡ The number of replication groups multiplied by the number of replicated folders multiplied by the number of simultaneously active connections must be kept to 1024 or fewer ‡ A replication group can contain up to 256 members ‡ A volume can contain up to 8 million replicated files. and a server can contain up to 1 terabyte of replicated files ‡ The maximum tested file size is 64 gigabytes .

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