Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d

: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm

DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliografi: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul

Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...

Namun. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. digandakan. dialihmediakan. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. dalam hal ini. Pemerintah. dicetak. dapat diunduh (down load). semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Kami berharap. Jakarta. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Oleh karena itu. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. pada tahun 2008.

Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various fields of science to prepare you to go to university. collaboration. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). Last but not least. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. Hopefully. July 2008 Writers iv . the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. acting out dialogues. support and encouragement. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. These activities explore your creativity. Bandung. cultural knowledge. especially the editors and team. convention. reflection and language use. problem solving. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. for facilitating us to publish our work.

6. 2. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. 12.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. 15. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. Learning Reflection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. 5. 17. 13. Speaking. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. i. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. 4. 3. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. Englishclub. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. v .e. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. 16. Listening. 10. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 11.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. 18. 7. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. 8. 14. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. Reading and Writing. 9. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. Each chapter consists four language skills.

Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .

accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .

Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 128

Chapter 6
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 152

Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178

Source: Publisher's Documentation

viii

Chapter

1
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n

It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
Listening:
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries

Speaking:

Reading:

Writing:

1

Listening
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.

Activity 1

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

Source: Publisher's Documentation

1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?

Activity 2

Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later

2

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

so I have a friend to share with. 4 5 6 Rian : . so you like cooking? I like cooking too.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. Nice to meet you. parties. Good bye. too.2 . 1. . She meets Rian. What's your name? Good morning. My name is Edo.. Rudi. Glad to meet you. a. I'm your neighbour. Bye. b.com.3 . You can find how to make proper introductions at business functions. Dian : 1 . Good morning. . I'm Deni. introducing and parting expressions. Desi. Mari Memasak Sendiri. Cut Nia. I'm Cut Nia. a. Nice to see you. Good morning. 2. ivillage. Cut Nia. Then. Englishclub. b. It's Nice to See You 3 . 9 10 Rian : . a. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. My name is Risa.. For example: You will hear: Hello.. 8 . Rian : Oh. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Hello. My name is Edo. Dian : Really? Good. 5. a. 3. Nice to meet you. We are in the same class. By the way.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. right. Today is the first day at school for Dian. dinners and other social situations. Nice to meet you. The correct response is (b) Hi. Rian : Yeah. a. Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. a. How do you do? Hi. b. . b. Cut Nia. Anyway. Hi. b. 4. What's your name? Hi. How are you? I'm just fine. they introduce each other. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. b. Dian : 7 . Nice to meet you. What's your name? The correct response for the expression is .

7. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. Ask his/her name. When you are going shopping with your father. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. 1. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. 4. You meet a new classmate at school. 3. You can add any information related to the questions. 2. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. Introduce yourself to them. 5. 1. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Introduce yourself to him/ her. 6. you meet your father's friend. 4. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it briefly. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at first? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 5. 2. hometown and address. 1. 3. 4.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening.

I swam and surfed on the beach. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. Mr. Johny : . It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there.. 4. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. I had a great vacation there.. d.. nice to meet you too. 1.. shorts. 5. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. Mirna : Anyway. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Harry : Good morning Mit. sit down. 10. I bought shirts. Toni. and also traditional clothes. 2. 3. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. It sounds great. 7. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. This is Mr. 6. 8. Mitha a. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Toni : Hello. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . Johny? Mr. 9. Mirna : Well. I also played football and sand with my brother. I see. it's nice to hear your story. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Mitha : Oh. Sir. How do you do Mr. Mirna : Hi.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. b. Mirna. Mirna : Wow. d. c. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Then practise it with your friend. I went to Bali. Johny.

Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). the food's great. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. The people are friendly. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It was a really great place. I (hope). I (swim) two or three times a day. but it was fun to try. so I was the one who talked to people. but no tourists. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. See you soon. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. but he was afraid to open his mouth. Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and fill in the following form based on the text you heard. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. Yogyakarta April. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. Love to your parents.

Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. I'm Denias. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. Act them out with your friends'. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. My name is Ali. Thank you. perform a monologue of recount texts. How about you? Sri : I'm fine too. I can spend my whole day for cooking. It's Nice to See You 7 . In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. Nice to meet you.com Study the following dialogues. Sri : Hi. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. Denias : Hi. 3. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. my new friend.Speaking In this section. 1. Source: www. 2. Asep. Asep : Elvi. Denias : Hi. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Let's go to the crowd. let me introduce myself. How are you? Asep : I'm fine. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. Asep : Hello. Denias : By the way. I'm from Papua.ivillage. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a specific relationship to you. say greetings and partings. Asep : Nice to meet you too. this is Denias.

introducing. Cipto.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . Thanks. his new colleague at the airport. great. I'm Cipto Susanto. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. Yani : Hello. We can talk about cooking later. You must be tired. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Nice to meet you. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. I'll take you to the Hotel first. Andi : Excuse me. Cipto this is Yani. Cipto : That's very kind of you. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Cipto. Cipto. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. Andi : OK. Denias and Sri : Let's go. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. Andi : How do you do.. It was fine. Don is my friend b. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. let's talk about cooking later. . Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. Don wants to meet you c. too. Andi : Not at all.. Don : Pleased to meet you too. Cipto : How do you do. It's nice and exciting. Nice to see you. Read the dialogues once again.. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. Asep : Alright my friends. thanks. Cipto : Great. Andi : Nice to meet you. then. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. How's the trip? Yani : Well. My hobby is cooking too. too. a. Rita : Pleased to meet you. Cipto : Pleased to meet you.

Good afternoon.. it's been so nice.. Bye.. here's Peter.. Allow me to introduce .. This .. Goodbye. See you... Excuse me my name's . Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to ... Hi! Responses • • • • Good night. I'm . It's Nice to See You 9 .... Yes... How do you do? Not bad. Good morning. Let me introduce you to . I'd like you to meet .. Oh look.. Good evening. Fine. My name is ..... Hello. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning.. Hi! I'm .. Hello! My name is .What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings. meeting and parting. thanks.. Good evening. Bye.... Good afternoon. Do you know . Peter–Jeny. How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night. Allow me to introduce my self. See you later.. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself.. How do you do? My name is . How nice to see you Hello. introducing. My name's .. Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning. Goodbye.

4 . 2 Budi. Budi : 5 . introduces you to Tini. her sister. Reni. 1. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . his brother. He introduces Sofyan. to you. Sorry. Rendi : Mine's on tenth floor. you introduce Mr Lubis. to your father. At a meeting. I also stay there on eleventh floor. I have to get going. Rendi : See you then. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. . /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • flag-flags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. Budi : That's great. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on fifth Avenue. Wayan is your friend. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. Goodbye. Then practise it with your partner. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. In the classroom. Dewi. 3. 2. your friend. 4. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. your English teacher. Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Budi : Anyway. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound.

It was great. read poetry. played magic tricks. Study the events. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. We sang. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. On Monday. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some fish for supper. Look at the following example. 5. The next day. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. Then complete the following table with different names. For example: 1. It was getting darker and colder. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. I had a lovely time. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. danced. my friends and I went camping. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. 4. I didn't do anything special. We built the camp next to a small river. 3. 2. 1. At night. Last weekend.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. so we built a fire camp. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. 2. No. we held a fire camp night. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text.

Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m p.m pm p.m p.m a. Saturday Sunday 6.m p. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. 1.m p.m p. 4.m a. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class.30 3.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the flowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10. 2. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a fire camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time. 3.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.30 6 a.

Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he find in his wallet? Explain. 8. I decided to buy it. 3. read and understand recount texts. I found the record store and listened to a few records.Reading In this section. but he really wanted me to have it. 2. 3. He was very friendly. 4. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. 1. 7. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. I was walking down Sunda Street. He thanked me and tried to give me something. I thought it was money. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. 2. so I took it. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. 5. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. I said 'no' at first. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. 1. It was a photo. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. and his face looked so familiar. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. 6. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. looking for a record store.

He walked for three miles. c. I or we . Why did he wake up an hour late? a. 2. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. b. d.lmpc. d. Taken from Ready to Write. 3. Because his alarm clock didn't work. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. Because he didn't see alarm clock. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . How far did the writer walk? a. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. Next. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. visited . c. b. He walked for four miles.au. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. but I didn't have enough money. Source: www.use action words eg helped. d. 1. crutched. I wanted to take a taxi. c. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. What did he do after having breakfast? a. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast. He walked for two miles. b. Then. First. Finally. He got a terrible day. He had a terrible day.write in the past tense eg had. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. b.focus on individual people ie use the words. He walked for five miles. d.edu. He has a terrible day. but of course I missed it. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. After breakfast. c. He gets a terrible day. Because he didn't set alarm clock. 4. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. Because his alarm clock didn't go off.

c. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. but of course I missed it. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. in what sequence. missed /mɪsd/ 6. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. First.5. It's Nice to See You 15 . d. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and find their synonyms. The writer hopes to take a taxi. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. b. Events: tell what happened. I wanted to take a taxi. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. I had a terrible day yesterday. 1. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. What does the writer hope? a. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants.

I remembered all my lines. So. Taken from New Horizons in English. because I was about to propose a girl. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her finger. it was three o'clock. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. took a little walk and went to a movie." After driven her home I went back to my house. Finally. At seven.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. I was a little bit crazy. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. • • • • • • Use at with specific times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . She smiled. we had a romantic dinner. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. After praying and taking a bath. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. I met her at four o'clock. At one o'clock. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. Yes. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. Work in pairs. Then she said "Yes. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. It wasn't a regular day. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. Study the prepositions of time and the example. I had my early breakfast.

Only after my mother was totally satisfied would I be allowed to rush out of the front door. I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon.edu. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with specific dates: on June 30 on April 21. Adapted from www. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. She was born October 31. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. 4:00 the afternoon. 2. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. 3. 5. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text.lmpc. 4.au It's Nice to See You 17 . She takes the train Saturday 9. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952. 1995 1998. 1.

March. 2. 5. Answer the questions that follow. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . write recount texts. This morning Andika called me. 4. 1. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. 1. 28th 2008 08. Confuse. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later.m. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. 2. 5. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. 3.00 p. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. I was surprised. Speechless. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. Write it in your diary. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. Happy. 4. 3.Writing In this section.

I went to south America and finally back home to Indonesia. . Arrange them so they follow a logical time order. Remember to begin with topic sentences.30-12. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule.30-9. At 08.00-3. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. He wrote his journey in his diary.30-11.30 11.30 10. Activity 4 Study the following schedule.00 9.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order.. I flew from his home in Mexico City to New York City..00 12. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph.00-10. I spent a week in New York and then flew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe. It's Nice to See You 19 . I came in to the class and greeted the students. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia. After through Asia. Tuesday 08. First..00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class.00-1. When I had seen the sights in Europe.00 1.30.

Rewrite it using your own words. She wouldn't say a word. and there was no stopping him. her mother. her father was rmaa. then she moved to rembang.peperonity. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. her condition was getting worse and she finally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. kartini. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. Write it in your workbook. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. the head of rembang regency.recount. decide the conclusion at each stage. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. his name was singgih. he started talking about himself. nowadays indonesian women progress is influenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. As you read the text.com Activity 6 Read this story. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. so I rang her and asked her for a date.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. but after giving birth to a son. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. He telephoned me and invited me to see a film and I accepted. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difficult talking to her. everyone knows who kartini is.

I was getting ready. but she kept muttering throughout. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. The film was very funny. Then he suggested that we took a bus. I wasn't even hungry.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. I think she was impressed by my suit. He was so insensitive. and never apologized. I never want to see him again. She behaved terribly. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. His story She was a real bore. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outfit he was wearing. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. One date with her was more than enough. She's a real snob. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. She explained that she was still full from lunch. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. It was awful. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. and you should have seen Maya's face when she first came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. I almost died of embarrassment. His story I would never call her again. She refused everything that I offered her. His story I got there on time. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. I didn't know where to look. I wanted to crawl into a hole. I explained that I was Maya's date.

the passengers were eating raw fish and meat. e. d. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch fish from the sea to eat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting film about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Pacific Ocean. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. a. b.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Although the passengers were safe. After a few weeks. c. nobody knew where the plane had crashed.

But my sister and I enjoyed the film. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. 1. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. After they had been on the island for two months. g. Consider the following. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. 4. My sister and I went to see a film last night. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. Activity 8 Yesterday. j. She put the things on her list in time order. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. 2. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. i. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . k. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to find help. But their boat sank and they were drowned.f. The film ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. 3. h. She made a list of things she had to do before the party.

Language Functions a. What do you say to greet people? 3. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. you are expected to be able to: 1. respond to oral instructions.Chapter Summary 1. write a recount text. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. answer the questions: 1. 5. c. 4. introduce yourself and others. • Good evening. Introducing • Hi. • See you later. respond to the expressions of introducing. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. Parting • Goodbye. perform a monologue of recount texts. 3. If you find some difficulties.Re-orientation : 2. b. 6. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Now. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. 2.Orientation : . meeting and parting. • Good morning. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. identify the structure of recount texts. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . How do you introduce yourself? 2. • Good night. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. I am Deri.Events : . • Hello. say greetings and goodbye. my name is Dewi. 8.

Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .

What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. respond to narrative texts. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. 1.Listening In this section. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus.

a. Oh really? That's great. I'm sorry to hear that. 5. How poor she is. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. 6. 1. No. b. a. 2. Oh really? That's too bad. 4. that's good news. 2. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. that's bad news. b. b. a. 1. I'm so happy. 3. 4. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . 8. 3.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. b. The best response is …. Is that right? That's too bad. How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. a. b. Then. It gives me satisfaction. 5. Oh. a. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. Oh. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. repeat the words and expressions. 7. b. a. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. I'm delighted to hear that. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night.

Mother: My dear daughter. priorities and values). Hani : Hooray! That's 1 . Andi : He wasn't. 5 Andi : . Rudi.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. priorities and values). Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Source: www. his friend. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. He broke his legs. New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. he was such in pain. Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. Mom. Hani : Thanks for your praise. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He must have skidded in the rain. Hani : Thanks Mom.g. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. She is very happy. Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. He couldn't 4 . When do we go there. their history. our history.about. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. Andi. your father said that he would take you to the department store. has just got an accident. Deni : Hi. 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm.g. experiences. was he? Deni : He was. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. sympathy and affection. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. experiences. Andi : Oh 3 . Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. experiences. experiences.

You are excellent and brilliant. Congratulations. I heard that Budi was in jail. You get a free ticket for this holiday.on it. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. 4. 8. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . Well done. 1. 7. 8. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. Did you hear that Mr. You get Rp 10. 6. 7. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. He was arrested for traffic violence. You got a great mark for the final test. 2. 100. He was in hospital for five weeks. 3. 2. Yesterday.000 credit bonus. Then make the best response for each expression. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. 3. 1. I've lost my wallet somewhere.000. It's got Rp. 3. Many people died and got serious injured. 5. 4. Rendi was knocked down by a car. Number one has been done for you. 2. on the TV news. 4. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. 5. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions.

she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. Finally. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conflict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. Taken from Readings to Remember. Then. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf. The little girl said yes she was. However.

Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. 6.Speaking In this section. perform a monologue of narrative texts. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. Your brother has a problem. 9. 10. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. 3. It makes me happy. what are the expressions? 4. Are you fine? Oh dear. One of your friends had an accident. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. I'm so happy. It gives me a great pleasure. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. What a nice news. 4. He looks sad. It's really great. 1. What a shame. 1. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. 5. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. I know how it feels. 8. 2. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. I'm delighted to hear that. 7.

: Oh. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days.. you know. You don't look very happy. I'm so happy right now. c. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . that's wonderful. Retno : Dad. this week has been so terrible for me. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. Come on. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. no. Retno : Mommy. She is very happy. Basri : Of course. Basri : Hi. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. Ivan. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. What's up? Retno : Mom. Is everything alright? Ali : Well.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. Then act them out in front of the class. Ali : Thanks. b. where is mom? Father : She is back there. It's lovely. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. d. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. I am going to work. Mother : I'm right here. poor John. Ali. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. Mother : Yes. I can't still believe that she's gone.. It's always hard to lose someone you love. e. Mommy…. Pay attention to your expressions. I hope so. I will. However.. Go tell your daddy. Retno : Yes. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. I hope he'll be better soon. The italicised sentence is used to express .

. Oh dear. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be fine. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. What a terrible situation for you. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. sympathy and affection. I do sympathise (I assure you). I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 .. Oh that's awful.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. It gives me a great pleasure. I'm delighted to hear that. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. sorry to hear that. I'm with you. Hooray! It's lovely. I know how it feels Oh what a shame .. I'm so happy.

that's excellent. I'm . Then act them out with your friends'. You have my sincere . but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. 2. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Your friend's father has passed away. Take all the time you need. Mother : I'm right here. Use the expressions you have learned. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. mommy…. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. Ranti : Thanks Mom. Eka : I know that Sir. Don't worry about this project. you know what. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. Then practise them with your friends'. I'm so now. Eka : Excuse me. Activity 5 Now. Mother : Oh really. Eka? Eka : Well. Eka : Thank you. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. 1. Sir. Wandi : Mommy. What's up? Ranti : Mom. I'm afraid I cannot finish my job at the moment. Sir. Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to finish this project right away. Mr Andrew : Oh. make dialogues based on the following situations. I'm for you. Sir. He is very happy. I'll take .

He first went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. In the next place he went to. 4. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . In the final event.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. he started drumming and dancing. a couple were fighting with each other. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. he went to a village where there happened to be a fire. in which case they would have bought salt from him. When he returned home. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. Do a storytelling to your friends. 2. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. Then. again to be chased away. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. This made the people angry and they chased him away. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. He stepped in to stop the fight and was gored to death by angry bulls. 3. only to be thrown out by the people. the people there would have bought salt from him. the man saw two bulls fighting with each other. they would have bought his salt. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. His father told him that he should have poured water on the fire instead. 1. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. if he wanted to sell salt there. Rushing to the place. When he returned home. Taken from English Bestseller 12. There he dug a huge hole.

quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. 3. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. 2. There was a rich man having three sons. Well. characters. It could be a folk tale or a legend. Use the following steps as your guide. Identify the setting.. events and outcome of the story. Make sure that you fully understand the story.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. Retell it in front of the class.. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung. pour /pɔ:/ 4. 1. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. 1. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. (Continue your storytelling using your own words.. death /deθ/ 8. Can't you imagine that . salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. Example: Let me tell you something. he gave them much money. dug /dʌg/ 2.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. As their sons were no longer children. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9.

by Sue Robinson. fantasy g. adventure e. 1. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'.Reading In this section. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. a. 2. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . Source: Publishers Weekly. Bear in the Barnyard. superhero c. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories.grimmfairytales. fable b. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. At once curious and confident. a Englishclub. Use your dictionary to check new words. Activity 1 Answer these questions. folk tale d. Choose one of your favourites. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. Decide the types of them. read and understand narrative texts.com Visit www. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. and retell it in front of your class. science-fiction f. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. And so he experiments considerably. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. May 10.

illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. spiney red. May 10. It shows you types of fiction read by students in a class. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow. What type of fiction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-fiction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12. these monsters flee the bedroom when they discover the child. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Hairy green.5% 7.b Under the Bed. by Paul Bright. warty and winged.

I am not going to leave you very much money. Now. One day. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. You can use it to start your own business. 3. he killed his father. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. One day. The eldest son met a hunter. the eldest son tried to shoot a fly on his father's forehead. You must do the same. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . The second son met a basketmaker. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. When I die. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. he was very angry. 2. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. he said to his sons. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. "You are no longer children. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. They had spent all their money uselessly. He thought that hunting would be fine so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars.1. Instead. You must do something to earn your own living. What type of fiction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite fiction? Can you fill in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of fiction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. 4. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard.

They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. 1. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. What would you do with your money? 2. "You are really very honest. a young man came to the inn. One day. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. After finishing his meal. a fortune-teller came to the house." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "You must send your son away. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. Because of this." He looked inside. he picked up his bag. they were very unhappy. They had no children. The young man thanked him. When Sau Ling was a young man. "It feels so heavy. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. That evening. Sau Ling was very honest.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. It was full of small gold bars. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. "That's strange!" he thought. He put his bag on the floor near his table. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. They believed what the fortune-teller said. He returned the bag to him. They loved him very much. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag." he said. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. Several years later. they found a baby boy outside their door. in its place." he said.

Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. He left the house without saying a word.resolution father to give you a job. Then find their synonyms." The young man's father was a rich merchant. 3. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. 5. 7." he said. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. 2000 Every text has its own structure. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. The fortune-teller was also present. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . 9. and resolution. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. 1. "and take a holiday. 6. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. "But go home first. 10. 4. 2. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Sau Ling told them what had happened. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. 8. complication. He gave Sau Ling a good job.

Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterfly. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . But Rosaura was already through the gate. "It's time for lunch. her red ribbon fluttered. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the fields. and heading for the fields." called her mother. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun.Activity 7 Read this text carefully." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. "Rosaura! There you are." said her mother. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. Suddenly. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. She crouched quietly. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. "Not yet. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. In her tangled black hair. where are you going?" called her mother. But it was nowhere to be seen. "Rosaura. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. forgetting all about her hiding game. As the sun reached the far side of the field. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. His eyes scanned the fields for Rosaura's red ribbon. It was her favourite game. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. a bright yellow butterfly darted by. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. As soon as she had finished her food she slipped down from her chair. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass.

But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the field. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. But it was another red flower. 5. looking for the red ribbon. And that. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father find her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. 1. 3. say the Indians. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. "I see her!" he cried. staring over the field. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. "She was always happier in the fields. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a flower before. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the fields and watched the red flowers dancing under the sun. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. It was filled with red flowers swaying and fluttering in the tall grass. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. 4. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. casting a red glow over the fields. As night fell. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. As the sun came up bright and strong. but the red petals of a flower. In the dawn. is how the red poppy came to be. Now the sun had set. 2. "They will stay with us!" Every year. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. But they could find no red ribbon." said her mother." said Rosaura's father. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the field. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. Her father looked away in disappointment.

Stories are of ancient origin. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. What do Indians say about the story? 10. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. ancient Greek. Her father did not look away in disappointment. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. 2. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. and Indian culture. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. 2. existing in ancient Egypt. What did Rosaura's father say about the red flowers filled the field? 9. Most of the humanities involve stories.6. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Her father looked away in disappointment. Affirmative 1.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. 1. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. Chinese. 2.wikipedia. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In affirmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use infinitive. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Negative 1. Source: www. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the flower were her ribbon? 7.

Roy is taking a nap on the couch. and some (converse) in Arabic. I (find. She cries in front of me. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . 1. finally) the right room. 2. The other car (miss. just) quietly by themselves. Use simple past tense form. They do not know each other. 10. however. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. busily) to each other in Spanish. 6. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 7. It sounded like the United Nations. (sit. 9. 3 4.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. It (come) right at my car. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . students (talk. just) my car by about an inch. almost) a car accident last night. I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane. 2 It was my first day of class. Rosaura runs away from her house. Some of the students. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. On one side of the room. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. In a few minutes. Other students (speak) Japanese. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. already) full of students. I (have. 5. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. The room (be. 8. I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right.

write narrative texts. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. The result was astonishing. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. who was hunting in the forest. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya.co. a young man watched the practice. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. When he met Ekalaya.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Have you ever written a story? Is it difficult or not? What makes you feel difficult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. Arjuna was surprised to find that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna.Writing In this section. Durna's favourite student. Innocently. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. Angry and disappoin ted. Adapted from www. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. 2. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. 3. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. 4. From far away. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence.joglosemar. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. He was Ekalaya. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 1. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. Ekalaya finally encountered Arjuna.

main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom. • There was a young man who watched the practice. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. The ideas above are developed into the first paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. It will guide you in writing a story. Look at the following example. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . In English. A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas.

Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . destroying it. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. He tried to fit the bowl onto his head. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. In the end." The blacksmith was very furious. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. One day. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by filling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. breaking the bowl in the process. The sword broke instantly. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable.Activity 4 Study the following stories. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. He was not the best blacksmith. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. You can use Story B as an example. Then. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. Worried that he would be cheated. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. And he poured water into the hat.

Here are some ideas to inspire you. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . 1. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. develop them into a short story. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. • He was very angry with human beings. Then. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. A Greedy Child 2. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. especially hunters. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter.

consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. 6. respond to narrative texts.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 8. b. respond to expressions for showing happiness. Generic Structure . . identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. and affection. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. Identify the structure of the text. write a recount text. identify the structure of a narrative text.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. perform a monologue of narrative texts. . sympathy and affection. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. you are expected to be able to: 1. Language Functions a. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends.Complication : a crisis arises.Chapter Summary 1. answer the questions: 1. 3. 4. Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. for better or for worse. 2. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. • You have my sincere condolences. If you find some difficulties. What will you say when you are happy? 2. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. sympathy. • It's really a great pleasure. express happiness. 7. Now.

accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 .

respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. answer the questions. 8. 6. Where or when would you find this situation? 2. 2. 1. 7. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. Source: CD Images 1. accepting and declining an invitation. 4. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. 3.Listening In this section. Then. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. respond to oral instructions.

Mr Andre Posuma.00 in the morning. 4. but you should express the details clearly. but I've got an exam tomorrow. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. Arief and Rita have a chat. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. 5. Rita : Wow. 9. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. Then. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. Now. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. his friend calls him. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. I don't think I can come to your party. I'd like to. it won't surprise you. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Then find any possible responses to each expression. decide. 10. I'd love to. For further tips visit to invite someone www. novels. and watching drama. please. He had a friend. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. I'm very sorry.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. 2. On the way home. who always sees him for general check up. 6.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. I have nothing to do. Thank you very much. Dialogue 2 Dr. 7. but I can't come. I'll decide to come or not. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. great. 8. write. They enjoy reading stories. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. Clever phrasing. Would You Like to Come? 53 .express. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. 1. I'll be at your house at 8. 3. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. 2 ? 3 Rita : . One day.

: OK. Ten minutes later. : . 6 . Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. Fauzi. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. : Hi Andre. 2. 4 . Kambing guling is my favourite food. Then. : .Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. This is Andre. Bye. Work in pairs. We can meet next time. : What's wrong? : Hmm. See you. : Bye. : Alright. It's me. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. Thus is about our appointment. 7 : Well . I will attend a meeting. . . Fauzi. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . It has been two months since my last visit to you. : See you. Andrea. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. : 5 . actually.m. Rudi : . 1. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment.

2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. 3.) It's very delicious. Lina is reading a book in the city park. the girl offers something. put the other piece 7 . I think . my name is Lina. Fany.. 8 I'm late. There is someone approaching her. Fany : That's OK. Santi : Hi. Lina continues her reading. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. The girl : I'm Fanny. (Lina takes the sandwich. . 1. Then.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. Lina : No. cut cheese into slices. Nice to meet you too. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. take two pieces of bread. 1 . Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. 4. 2. After a long silence. Compare your answers to your friends'. place the slices on one piece of the bread.. Spread butter on each piece. By the way. She interrupts them. 3 . Lina : It's very simple. 5. Finally. Would You Like to Come? 55 . 6 . Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blank spaces. A girl : Excuse me. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK.

. 3.. push the drawing pin .... 2. you can now blow . Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. First. draw two lines . Finally.Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do. 5. 1996 Instructions: 1.. 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials. fold over each point . Next.. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ..... Match the following titles with the correct steps. cut inwards .. After that.... Then. 4.

By seeing the pictures below. 4. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. list the stages involved in making the coffee. After listening. Things You Do 1. a ruler. 3. answer the questions. 2. 4. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 1. 1. and scissors. 5. 2. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . 3. you will make a whale. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 5. Then. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. 2.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. a pencil. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction.

It's my birthday on Friday. accepting and declining an invitation. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. 1. 1. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. 2. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly.Speaking In this section. perform a monologue of procedure texts. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 4. Just wait for me. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. 3. 3. I'll be free at that time. Let's go jogging sometime. What about tomorrow tonight. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. Hey. we're having a party on Friday. 4. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 5.

It's about Nasreddin. ask for permission e. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. invite someone to go d. Read and practise another dialogue. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. a. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry.30. decline an invitation b. accept an invitation c. Rin. Ari : Well.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. Sandra : OK. Robi : Hi. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. Ari : Well. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. Ira! This is Ari. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes.. thanks. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 . how've you been? Ari : Alright. that's great. But you have to come to the clinic. I can't. I'd love to. Be ready. Then act them out with your friends. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. There will be a great film tonight. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright.. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie.. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. I'd love to. Ira : Hi. Sandra. Say. The italicised sentence is used to . I have many matters to settle down. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not.

60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ... With the greatest pleasure.... Thank you for asking me. We'd very much like to ... Would you care to .. Shall we come to . Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you.. What a delightful idea.? Dr....m....... but . OK! I'd like to love to come.. That would be very nice. We should be pleased/delighted if you could ... I'm afraid I've already promised . Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry.... L-I-T-A. Unfortunately.. I don't think I can. You must come to . I can't . All right (then). Receptionist : Alright. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there.... declining an invitation and an appointment. I'd love to.... Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry.. Bye..Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p....m. Like to come to . Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to ... Receptionist : You're welcome.. Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme. Mrs Lina Sugiarto. but .. Bye. accepting.. but . Come and . won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto..... but .. I'd very much like you to . What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting.. I wish I could. I can't.. Thank you very much for inviting me. • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will ... I don't think I can. I'd like to.. • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to . You will .. You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p..

this weekend is my special day. Invite this people to your party. Persuade him to come. You'll have a graduation party this evening. By the way. You are at school.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. I don't think I can make it. He accepts it. 3. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. The senior teacher. Would You Like to Come? 61 . I'll promise I'll be there.. Oh. I don't have any plans at this moment. Then act it out in front of the class. See you then.. You accept. I'm so sorry I can't make it. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. Wendy. 2. I'll help you. o'clock. You invite a new student to join the party. See you. I'll be there. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . good. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. OK. Thank you very much Wendy. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi. for a little party at my house this weekend. 5. 6. You refuse. He declines because he is busy. Bye. 1. The headmaster. ? Well. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. He doesn't want to accept. as he doesn't know anybody. She/he promises that she/he will come. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. He/She accepts. You're welcome. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. 4. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. . ? Sure.

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. 4. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 2. 1.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. 3. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you.

How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Yudi : All right. what do you do? Emily : . Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. Cut up the tomatoes. Use the following model. Fry with vegetables for five minutes. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. Sprinkle it with salt. Then. Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Cut the chicken into small pieces. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. Sally : How do you . Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. Sally : Then. salt and a pan with a lid. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. pepper and spices. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . Emily : . onions and green peppers into quarters. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . a cup of rice. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Yudi : Good.

Tomato Soup • • • • 1. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. spices. Add water. small clove garlic. 3. 8 cups of water. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes. Then. Cook gently for one hour. 3. put the lid on and cook it for about fifteen minutes. Cook gently for three minutes. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . ¼ teaspoon of butter. 2. and garlic into small pieces. and garlic into small pieces. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. 2. When it has boiled. Be careful with the knife. Then. 7. Mix together egg and lemon juice. 1 small onion. salt and pepper. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. Tell the class about it. wash the rice in cold water. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. first of all. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. spices. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. onions. 5. Add a little of salt and pepper. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. turn down the heat. onions. 4. cut tomatoes. 6. Heat until the water boils. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. 4. fry them in a pan for five minutes. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. Next. Add rice and cook on low heat for fifteen minutes.Ismail : First. 5. Well. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. (Continue with your own words. ½ teaspoon of salt.

Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. identify the structure of a procedure text.Reading In this section. 4. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they find a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . 4. 3. 2. 2. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 1. 3. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally.

The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. namely goal. To change the speed of the fan. 1. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. 4. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kaffir lime leaves 1 tablespoon flour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . To move the fan up or down.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. How to operate a fan 1. push the pin on top of the motor. first pull up the oscillating pin. materials needed and methods or steps. Pay attention to the structure of the text. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. then press the tilt adjustment knob. 4. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. In a how–to–text. 3. press one of the switches at the bottom. 2. 2. What do we do first to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3.

followed by the egg. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. 6. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. Taken from The Jakarta Post. unitecnology. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and find their meaning. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium flame. 15. 5. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . Pay attention to your pronunciation. May 2. These texts are usually written in the present tense. 2. 5. 13. 8. 4. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe.english. fried shallots and lime leaves. 10.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. drop the fritters into the oil. Stir in the flour.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. five or six at a time. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and flatten a little with a fork. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. 12. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. 2. Source: www. 3. Fry until golden brown on both sides. 7. 1. 6. 4. When the oil is hot. 14. 3. 11.

a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. Moreover. Before give an unusual gifts. c. In an auction. b. Adapted www.howabout. a photo frame c. special d. great b. Track down items such as rare prints. costume makeovers. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. Use the Internet.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. A massage. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. a.com 1. craft shops. weird c. The word well-known in the first line means …. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. a unique furniture d. Visit art supply stores. 3. Give a welcome service. Look for gifts wherever you find yourself. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. a rare print b. In the internet. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. So. especially when you were on a trip. it is suggested that we give … first a. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. In the craft shop. Anywhere. d. Follow links until you find what you want. a day at the spa. 2.

recipes. the computer. The word "do" could be persuasive. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. science experiments. Do come on time. You make sure the car is in neutral. "Stand up. Would You Like to Come? 69 .g. a. e. "Don't hurry. the tape recorder." said father. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. e. 1. e. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. "Don't be noisy. a. For further Information visit www. important Giving gifts may be important to …. how to succeed. Do be quiet. 3.g. unique d." said the teacher.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. b. a. b. The word in the text that means not too many is …. but could also express irritation. (command) "Help me. a.g." asked the mother. unitecnology. You press the stop button. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs." said mother. complete our collections c. Dian told Andi. rare b. "Make sure the car is in neutral. 5. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. rules for games. sweet c. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. b. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. the fax.g. It functions as prohibition. the photocopier. a.4.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. make us unusual b.g." 2. celebrate special moments Englishclub. how to use the video. "Press the stop button.english. road safety rules." said David. get the recipient attention d." the teacher told the pupils.

10. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. 8. 3. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. 5.m. 5. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. What will your father say? It is 6 a. 3. magazine or in the internet. He cannot concentrate his mind well. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The volume of the television is too loud. 4. Your uncle is writing a novel. 9. 4.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. 2. 1. 1. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. 6. 7. He always late although his wife often warns him. Report it to the class. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty.

1. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. • • • • • • • • next butter roast first pour finally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese flour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors first Would You Like to Come? 71 . 3. 4. 2. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table.Writing In this section. write procedure texts. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text.

• Stir the mixture and add salt. • To make fried rice. pepper and other spices. • Then. if you like. The pictures will help you to arrange it. cook the rice in another pan. you can break in two or three eggs. Do it in pairs. garlic. you will need some rice. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. vegetables. meat and eggs. tomatoes and cucumber. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. add it to the meat and the vegetables. • First. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Now. • Finally. • The best vegetables to use are onions. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. • At the same time.

c. b. remove the black vein. Rewrite it using your own words. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . before you sit down to enjoy your meal. Then you can begin to record it. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. Next. From the tail meat. After these twisted off. Work individually. First. After that. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. It is not difficult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. first you have to plug in the cord. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. use your fingers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. Find the errors and correct them. And then tested the voice level recorder. It contains nine mistakes. d. Well. Finally.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. e. a. You must also twist off the flippers at end of tail section.

respond to oral instructions. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. • Join me. Write the method or steps clearly. write an instruction or procedural text.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) . Now. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. 8.Goal. 6.. you are expected to be able to: 1. answer the questions: 1. perform a monologue of procedural texts. Write a recipe of your favourite food. Generic structure . 7. • I'm sorry I can't make it. identify the structure of procedural texts. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. 2.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise. respond to expressions for an appointment.. 3.. I don't think I can make it. If you find some difficulties. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets ... . respond to invitation.Chapter Summary 1.. make and cancel an appointment. invite someone. • I'll be there. • Will you come with . Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Declining an appointment • Sorry. 4. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3.

d. d. £50. 5. c. 3. b. c. 10. c. c. 12. Hotel lobby. Here is it. The farmer's youngest son. Five steps. b. d. 2. Inside the gentleman's room. d. Seoul. Three tins. It is here. Bank manager's office. b. b. Hotel manager's office. Sorry I can't. I'm fine. £150. Outside the gentleman's room. Inside the waitress' room. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. d. d. Inside the manager's room. Thanks anyway. What could the manager do? a. 7. 8. 13. £5. The manager could do nothing. b. b. c. Three steps. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. The manager could help the man who lost his money. a. Restaurant manager's office. Four steps. Then. The manager. A. The landowner. The girl. 11. Who was shouting? a. Beijing. a. c. Countryside. You are going to hear several short dialogues. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. 4. c. a. a. b. The hotel owner. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. d. The manager could call the police. The farmer's oldest son. c. Five tins. c. b. Good afternoon. 75 . c. b. b. c. Four tins. Where was the landowner from? a. Good morning. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. 6. a. Here it is. Where does the story take place? a. invitation d. b. Where did the girl find the money? a. Two tins. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. gratitude c.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. Nice to meet you. How do you do. b. d. 14. thank you. Here they are. b. The landowner's youngest son. I won't say no. £15. c. Two steps. c. d. d. 1. 9. Tokyo. Good night. I'd love to. Good evening. The man losing his money. How nice to see you. choose the best answer. d. d. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. offering b. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a.

to the size of the omelette.15. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. not of aluminium. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. c. once or twice. until large bubbles form on the top. or butter and best lard. and add a good teaspoonful of water. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. c. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. b. For three portions. Rudely. B. He wanted the table to be cleaned. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. His stomach couldn't take any more food. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Harshly. over a quick flame for a minute or two. we fold it. when hot. letting the liquid flow into the empty spaces. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. in the middle. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. c. d. The fryingpan must be made of iron. our fryingpan is getting hot. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. This takes half a minute. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. d. not too hot. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. Then. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. All this is a swift business. in other words. we take six eggs. 16. Meanwhile. He was not hungry. break them into a bowl. Angrily. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . keeping as calm as we possibly can. Politely. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a." a. not the whisk. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. tin or enamel. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. d. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. 17. with salt and tissue–paper. This takes about two minutes. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. The flame is now turned down a little. taking care always to move towards the middle. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. b. it is fatal to beat too long. b.

What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. c. Rubbing with hot water. 21. here is it d. It should be the same size as the omelette. d. b. 22. Washing with salt and paper. Rubbing with salt and paper. 26. How do you do? d. 19. What is important about the frying– pan? a. It doesn't matter. b. It's very interesting. We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because . When the frying-pan is getting hot. Ferry : I am Ferry. 24. a. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a.recipetips. When the flame gives no more froth. here are they Eka : to my friend. When the butter is a different shade. c. The shape of an omelette. Then. Dedy. d. The size of an omelette. Good morning. here they are c.com 18. It is better than beating it for too short a time. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. A soon as the flame is light golden. c. Taken from www. No. One made of tin 20. Let me introduce myself. c. The states of an omelette. . b. c. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. b. here it is b. One made of aluminium. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. a. a. How are you? c. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. we feel relaxed d. One made of iron. This last touch makes all the difference. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. we feel impatient c. You are introduced c. d. d. as the classical French term says. b. Yes. 23. b. we feel tired b. c. An omelette made in France. I'll introduce b. It should never be a very flat one. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. b. 25. d. One made of aluminium and enamel. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. d. 27.of the omelette along one side. Review 1 77 . we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. Won't you introduce d. It should never be a small one. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes.

The underlined sentence expresses a.m. them c. I was going to the cinema 31. I . b. You did come on time. or the. gratitude. maybe. a. Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. c. compliment. I have gone to the cinema d. an. (read) the 42. 41. they 34. hisself d.28. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. Do come on time. c. 35. Sure. I'll fetch you at 8 p. b. giving 32. but some other time. Thanks a lot. Hanny. I think . Dudi does his homework by a. That's very kind of you. Complete the following sentences using a. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. she books all day along. their d. I go to the cinema b. Evi : Alright. d. Thanks. Don't worry about it. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. it didn't work out. Too bad it didn't work. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'd be unhappy to accept it. but I'm very busy. 45. give d. he 33. b. 40. 43. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. (shave) this morning 44. C. happiness. a. a. d. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. 30. that would be very nice. Use substitution form to fill in the blank spaces. sympathy. 39. Yesterday. him b. I did not because I was in a hurry. c. Yes. how awful! I'm so sorry. (put) the books in their previous place. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. themselves b. Teacher : Thanks for your help. You are entirely welcome. Student : . Do you come on time? d. a. d. Randy : Oh. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. given b. 29. Who are ? a. Did come on time. gave c. Why? a. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . I went to the cinema c. b. I her a bunch of roses this morning. himself c. c. Sorry.

Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .

1. 4. 6. great charming fantastic congratulate terrific farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. 5. 8. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 5. 6. 3. 2. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 7. 3. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. respond to narrative texts. No.Listening In this section. 4. 8. 1. 2. Repeat after him/her. 7.

Andi : 3 . Congratulations! That's amazing. 1 ? Andi : I am fine. 5.. Congratulations.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. Andi. a. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. That's awful! Thanks anyway. You know what? I have passed for the final test. For example: You will hear : a. 2. 4. On the way home. Andi. Andi. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. his friend. 4 right now. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. Desi : Thanks. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . b. Thank you very much a. too. b. a. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. She congratulates and compliments Andi. The best response is . Desi.. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. Never mind. thanks. 2 today! I love your new hair style. 1. b. 5 Desi : That's great. I've got it. a. Desi : Hi. By the way.. Congratulations on your success. b. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. b. I can't believe it! That's terrific. he meets Desi. b. It is nice to hear you. I got the highest score for the test. You look great. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. 3. a.

6 ! 7 : your compliment." 2. Now. It goes with my shoes. You will hear "Well done. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore.. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. discuss the following questions with your friends'. : Never mind Andi. 1.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisfied with it." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. that's amazing. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. I dont' think so c. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You look beautiful on it. . Sorry to hear that d.. 2. Andi. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. Ina : I think so. You are so kind. Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you.. You will hear "You're terrific/fantastic. It's so difficult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. Andi. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. Joko : It's a 4 . Andi : Thanks a lot guys. b. For example: 1. I don't like it e. 2 . Eta : Thank you. Andi : Oh. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Mention where they are from. Then. I know you are very smart. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. Desi. I guess it's just my luck. a. no. The next day. It's my pleasure.

One morning. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house.Activity 8 Now. 4. and in ten minutes all job was done. That she got an idea. My house is 2 than yours. 2. The Witch was very happy. Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint. she said "Your house is ugly. 6. one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. and she worked very carefully. I have to repaint it. When she looked around the room. 1. 5." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . 7. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. 3. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. It worked very fast. "Broom. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom finish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . and the walls are bigger. "my friend was right. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. After lunch she 6 to paint. 8. the Witch her house and she said to herself. When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it.

A Greek King. A horse. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. d. myths and legends.ac 3. Drunk c. A Greek Soldier. To show how cunning the Greeks were. With help from a wooden horse. e. c. They made the Romans drink b. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. unitechnology. None of the above. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. b. They destroyed the city gate e. slice of life. romances. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. What was the purpose of the text? a. 5. Really sad b. d. All of the above. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. 1. historical narratives. d. fables. e. personal experience. They can be imaginary. With the help of alcohol. b. 2.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. Really happy d. e. science fiction. No Information. They may include fairy stories.english. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. Defenseless e. A Roman Soldier. 4. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. horror stories. adventure stories. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. b. c. They scared the Romans c. Source: www. factual or a combination of both. mysteries. ballads. c.

b. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. 6. d. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . You compliment someone on their appearance. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. Activity 2 Expressions 1. 2. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. perform a monologue of narrative texts. What do you see in the picture? 2. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. Your friend has just passed an important exam. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. 5. c. f. What are they doing? 3. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. Situations a. g. 4. 3.Speaking In this section. Congratulations! Well. Your brother have got an award. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1.

I just finished modifying it. You are looking good. Pandu. Oh. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. Harsya. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. it is. My compliments on your beautiful. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I f I may so.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. you are quite charming. Let's go celebrate it. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. Ussy. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. I like your hair style! You're terrific/fantastic. No. it's a must. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Great job! Thanks. What did you do to it? Not much. Good idea. thanks. It looks a lot different. I really must express my admiration for your party. 1. it's not necessary. Thank you.

Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. 3. May I congratulate you on …. I won the race.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. 1. Your brother has done excellent job. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. 1. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. I've found a new job. Your relative is going abroad for studying. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. 4. Congratulations on your …. 3. 4. I must congratulate you. Well done! Fantastic/terrific! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. 2. I'd like to be the first to congratulate you on …. 5 : : I just won first prize from a quiz. Discuss with your partner. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. It was great to hear …. 2.

Activity 8 With your partner. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. playing tennis 3. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. Boby : Hi. 1. Don. I'm very proud of you. Use the expressions of congratulating. Dony : Thank you. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . For example: Donny has passed his exams with flying colour and get the best ranking at his school. 1. playing the piano 2. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. 3. 2. Your friend is good at: 1.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. 2. Dad. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. playing chess 5. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. 4. Your friend is elected as one of the finalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. story telling 4. Your partner got a scholarship. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Mom. Dony's father : Well done. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. Don. didn't you? Dony : That's right. Use the expressions of complimenting.

it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra. "The creatures are crying for a change. one of whom. "What are we fighting for?" someone asked the aardvark. He was monarch of all he surveyed." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. and some did not knot know which they were fighting for." she said. All the beasts were dead except the tiger." said the tigress as she went to look after her young." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. but it didn't seem to mean anything." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead. "The king of beasts. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. "The king is here to see you. the lion. is king of beasts." "Oh sure. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. Taken from Readings to Remember." said the tiger.Activity 9 Work in group. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. long live the king!" Inside the den. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. fevered and gibbous. "Leo. a male." said the tiger. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. the lioness woke her mate. very like his father. "Come out." she said." she said. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . "We need a change. screaming in horror. except that of her cubs." said the zebra. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of fighting." he roared. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. It was a terrible fight and it lasted until the setting of the sun. sleepily. "What king?" he inquired. and some fought for both. in my honour. When the moon rose." said the aardvark. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. All the animals of the jungle joined in. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. "The old order. "I am the king of beasts. "The new order.

1. Who won the fight. "Oh. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. If so. "You are a very smart student. At school they meet the headmaster in his office. Taken from English for SMA 2. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. That's kind of you." continued Budi. "Okay. Are you with me?" asked Budi. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. What do you think if I stop studying. "I am sorry. I think it is not a serious problem. Then act it out in front of the class. "I am sorry to hear that. Change the following text into dialogue." asked Evi." said Evi happily. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . who is the cleverest student in the class. "No . What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5." said Budi. the tiger or the lion? 9. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. came to see her at home. "Our teachers asked me where you were." "Thank you very much. Sir. her classmate. . The Cleverest Student Evi. Budi. Were there any beasts survive the fight? 10." told Evi. it is not a good solution. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three. doesn't go to school anymore. not to me. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. 2. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his office. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8." told Evi. Where did the story take place? 3. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the fight? 7. you may not stop studying here. Did the tiger and the lion fight for the crown? 6. "Excuse me. .

reading and understanding narrative texts. 5. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . 4. 7.Reading In this section. 1. Activity 2 Before reading the story. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. 5. 1. 4. 6. identify the structure of narrative texts. 8. 2. 3. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. 3. 2. read and study the following words and find their meanings. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts.

Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. The dragon was very big and breathed fire. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. The knights were afraid and they did not want to fight the dragon. It lived in a cave with treasure. In the morning. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. 1. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. He was king for fifty years. One day. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. and it attacked people. He lived in Denmark. a dragon came to his country. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. When he came back. he went to the King's castle. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. He was half-man and half-monster. Beowulf went to the lake. That night. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. What did Grendel's mother do when she find out about her son's death? 7. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. But one day.

Taken from www. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. but I am hungry and must go. "but you must be nearsighted as well. I am the map maker. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing.11. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. I am the pioneer of flight." said the fox. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak." he said." said the fox." he concluded arrogantly. attracted the eye and nose of a fox." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom." "Tarry awhile. and somewhere else. and they are a dollar a hundred. and began to tell about himself. The Fox and the Crow A crow. b. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself." said the fox. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. "Bars may come and bars may go." And with this he trotted away into the woods. "and share my lunch with me. c. every two points. but crow bars last forever. Last. but never least. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. geometricians. "Oh. and scholar. I wear black and I am unique. but sly. "I am sure you are. 12.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. and somewhere. as the shortest distance between two points." The fox had read somewhere. now that I look more closely. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. I am sure. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a.aesopfables." said the crow quickly." said the crow. my flight is known to scientists and engineers. as the most famed and talented of all birds. "I recognize you. his appetite appeased. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. Any two points.

The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. 4. 2. 6. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. You can do mini research in the library. 4. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. retell it in front at the class. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. The fox is really arrogant. 8. 1. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. There are two main characters in the story. The story probably took place in the jungle. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. He is the map maker. 7. The crow's appetite appeased.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. 7. 1. 6. 3. 5. 8. Then. 5. 2. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. Ask your parents or grand parents. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese.

m.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 .canauthorsniagara. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be officially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the finalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-first" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. September 29 from 2 to 5 p. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.

2. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. to belive c. they belive b. 4. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. etc. 5. belived d. 1.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. oils. In passive voice. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. UN Shot Komodo . to be descendant from dinosaurs. The cameraman takes the President's several times.. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. The play was written by Shakespeare.. The sentences above use passive voice. sleep. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. a. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. A fire melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. 3. 1. 3. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. The firefighters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. 2. My brother buys me this new computer game. 4. to belived e. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. come. The form of passive is: be + past participle.

"But." said the wolf. I won't be free anymore. a dog out for a walk noticed him.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . don't worry about that. You could do the same.aesopfables. With hardly enough energy to walk. He was curious about this. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. As he lay beneath a large tree." answered the dog. the dog felt sorry for him and said. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. I hardly think about it anymore. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. but I'm healthy. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. In that way. "The dog called after the wolf. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. well-fed. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. "Oh. You'll get used to it soon enough. Finally. It's a good deal for both of us. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. I'm more free than you are. I will arrange it." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. He was very thin. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of finding food. and I have a warm place to sleep." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. "If I come to live with you. as they were walking.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values." said the dog. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else. I think I will surely die. saying. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. he asked the dog about it. But. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run." "But. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. the wolf had little hope of finding food." After saying this. the wolf turned and ran away. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more." Taken from www. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. if I am chained up. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences." the wolf said. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right." "You're right.

aesopfables. 3. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. 1. Activity 1 Answer these questions. 2.Writing In this section. writing narrative texts. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. Have you ever written a story? What do you do first when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story.

This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. In the final paragraph. So has sat down under the tree to sleep. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. then read the sentence given below. He was very angry and threw a stone at them.infoplease. d.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. 1 2 Englishclub. visit www. c. For further steps in writing narrative.com 3 4 5 6 a. they are not in the correct order. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point.

j. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. and digging down. Taken from www.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. on his next visit. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. for when the gold was there. A neighbor. h.e.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. Activity 4 Study these stories and fill in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you had it not." Taken from www.short-stories. but go and take a stone. leading the Lamb a little apart. he soon made a meal off her . The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. The Miser. came to the lump of gold. as you did not make the slightest use of it. k. Appearances are deceptive.co. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been flayed and thrown aside. "Pray do not grieve so. said. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. g. and enjoying hearty meals. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. f. he felt very tired. i. while he was going from one village to another. One day. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. and stole it.short-stories.co. and fancy that the gold is still lying there. So. It will do you quite the same service. and place it in the hole. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep.

Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . 3. make your own narrative story. 1. Choose from the following categories. 2.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conflict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now.

. 5. 2. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. write narrative texts. performing a monologue of narrative texts. Pay attention to the structure of the text. If you find some difficulties. identify factual meaning in the texts. congratulate and compliment others. 2. 6. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. • You look terrific. a stepping back to evaluate the plight.. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. 7. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Language Functions a. the crisis is resolved.Chapter Summary 1.. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Complimenting • You look great. 3. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. optional. b. I must say that you are . Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. : to amuse. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. Write and tell your favourite folklore.. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. you are expected to be able to: 1. identify the structure of narrative texts. a crisis arises. answer the questions: 1.. 4. Now. for better or for worse. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter.

Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .

6 . I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. 3 . It's all right. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. 1. 5 . sure. please. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How are you this morning? Hi. 8 . Great. Please come in and have a seat. Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. 2. By the way.Listening In this section. Here it is and 4 . Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. Yuni. respond to descriptive texts. Fine. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. . Here it is. Henry. I'll tell him. And you? 2 I'm just fine. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. respond to invitation. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. 1 . 3. 2.

2002 1. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. a. You will hear some expressions. 2. 2. 5. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. b. I'm sorry. Choose the best response for the expressions. b.4. b. 5. a. b. 5. a. b. 3. 3. You're great. I won't. a. 4. Thank you so much. 4. I'd love to. a. No. 1. What picture is it? Where do you usually find that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . Yes. I'm very grateful to you. I can't.

Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. 2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. 1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. It is named 2 which means 3 . The building has numerous 5 which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. Adapted from www. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. Besides its thousand doors. It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java.central-java-tourism.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. 4. OK? All right. 3. Will you pick me up? Sure. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. 2. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. on the way home. 2. I won't say no. 5. Be ready at 7. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. I'll be there. 1. 1. After visiting the museum. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue.Speaking In this section. perform a monologue of descriptive text. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 6.

.. What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come.. Actually. I'm sure my parents won't mind. Wow. I’d love to.? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to ... What is it like? It's very beautiful.. my parents are taking me there again this vacation..? Will you join . Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The temple is extravagant... Thank you. I’d like to very much. Let me express my gratitude . I wish I can see it for myself. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class.. Thanks.. Then.. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. Great... Yes.. I won’t say no .? Do you want to come with . Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for . Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before..What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to .. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue.... Would you like to .

3. 6. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . 1. 4. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 5. 7. Use them to express your gratitude for the following.Activity 5 Work in pairs. Tini has lent you a magazine. Tini has lent you a magazine. Give suitable responses. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . hand-written d. 10. 3. 4.. 3. 2. 1. 2. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. a. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. that is hand-written e. 2. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. 9. writing hand c. 2. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Create dialogues based on the following situations.. 8. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. written by hand b. 4. 1. 3. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. Use them to express your gratitude for the following.

Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. On the island. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. he made a simple raft and sailed there. there are 600 large statues. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. We don't really know why they are there. On top of a hill. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts.2 metres thick. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Pacific. believed that they were built by people from South America. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. a German. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1.000 years ago. and no doors. To prove this. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. 3. all the way from Peru. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. Africa. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. Thor Heyerdahl. no windows. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa.

They used stone for the walls and wood for the floors. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. 3. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. doors and roofs. 2000 One thousand years ago. 2. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. Easter Island 1. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. How did they move the trees? We don't know.

S. and the American Falls are in the United States. but they are 2. At night.000 feet (305 metres) wide. state of New York is on the other side.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0.8 kilometre). 2. Ontario. They are not as high as the American Falls. The American Falls are about 1. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls.5 mile (0. Canada is on one side of the river. and the U. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. 3. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. 1. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. There. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. 4. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. at the falls. 5. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. At Niagara Falls. It is on the Niagara River. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.

after lunch time. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. after me. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. at the corner of. after summer. at Jln. before him. After/before is used with period of times. 3. • For the sake of God. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. is Spanish for "Easter Island". 9. Off is used with verbs: get off. in the United States. 1. at midnight. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. on June 18. while she was at the bank. in 2005. in the Middle Ages. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. 4. in the park. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. after reading. while searching for Davis or David's island. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 .Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. glance of eye. Isla de Pascua. 7. take off. in Canada. during the night. 2.11. before June. at lunch. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. for the sake of. 6. on Monday. 5. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. for ages. put off. Soka no.[2] The island's official Spanish name. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. before asking. for a week. 8. Example: • I stand in front of the class. on the wall. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. of making.

and the third 12 King Menkaure.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box.C. 4. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. The largest was 10 built King Khufu. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. Giza is located near the Nile River. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. called the Great Sphinx. 2. decide whether the following statements are true or false. T/F 1. was probably built 14 Khafre. The second was built 11 King Khafre. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. 15 It stands his pyramid. Pyramids are built for king's servants. There is only one pyramid at Giza. 3. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids. A huge statue 13 a sphinx. There are 10 pyramids Giza. 5. Then. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu.

2.org 1. identify the structure of descriptive texts. 5. 2.upload. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. 4. Source: www. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . read and understand descriptive texts. 5. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. c. e. Can you find a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you find this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. 4. you will learn how to: • • • find specific information from descriptive texts.Reading In this section. 3. b. 3. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. Meanings or Synonyms a. 6.wikimedia. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. d. learn these words.

11. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. coconutpalms and birds. 8. m. The visitors dance. it is like a fair. 9. Many tourists go to this cave. 13. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. Nyi Kamiyem. The route is easy. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. Pay attention to the structure of the text. forgetting all problems. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. People sell agates on the cave terraces. identification description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . j. 12. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. in Tabuhan.6. l. does not doubt anything. Wareng village. k. h. i. 7. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. g. Somehow. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice fields. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. 10. who often sings in the cave. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs.

By the way. and a local guide will lead the way. village elder. is good to visit. There is a stream in the cave. No one dared go inside. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. The cave is dark. so people need lights. It normally uses simple present tense. January. qualities. Some people now use the place for meditation. The description part describes parts. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identification and description. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. Description text focuses on specific participants. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. It was believed to be a sacred place. in the east corner. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. 2. do you want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. it can be heard from inside. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. Taken from Hello English Magazine. 3. 1. a beach nearby. The identification part is the part where writers of descriptive text identifies phenomenon to be described. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you find peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . So. However. Besides the cave. and characteristics. However. have a nice journey. 4. went to the cave to find out what was wrong. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. which can only be seen outside. Watukarang. According to Kartowiryo (90). The people chased the spirits away.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors.

4. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. 5. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. 6. 7. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. 8. 6. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. You find the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo find out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. T/F 1. 8. 2. 10. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. 9. 9. The cave is used for meditation. Activity 5 In pairs. 3.

Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. from colourful shirts. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Pacific cruise route and is the first cruise ship to fly the U. Kauai. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. At breakfast. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. has a population of 900. Oahu. where the cruise starts. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. flag in some time. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha".Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. suffices as answer.000 aboard have their homes in the U. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. Honolulu on Oahu. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Pacific feels immediately that he has one foot firmly anchored in the American Way of Life.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. The simple response. Most of the almost 2. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on five vowels and just seven consonants.S. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. Included in the price is full board.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. consuming 9. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. Midwest. the third-largest cruise operator in the world. and this is the pattern throughout the day.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. Big Island and Maui.S. "Aloha. "Fine".

Information Paragraph 1. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. Definition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. 3. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can find the following information. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. 4. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. 5. Taken from The Jakarta Post.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. There is a reason for the crowds. 2005 1. February 13. 2. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana.

Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. without nails. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . near Beijing. and huge stone walls and gates. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. and it was erected entirely by hand. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade. Source: Microsoft Encarta. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. temples. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and office buildings. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. crowded with worshippers. constructed entirely of wood.460 kilometres long. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. rises to about 11 metres high. Temple of the Jade Buddha.400 kilometres. This section is about 7. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. on Mount Badaling. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. the most famous temple in China. has two statues of Buddha. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. The main part of the wall is about 3. Its length is about 6.

There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. 2. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. Writing In this section. write descriptive texts. 4. 5. 4. Beijing is China's largest city. 7. 5. 1.T/F 1. 8. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. which one is the most amazing. 6. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. 3. 3. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. In your opinion. you will learn how to: • • write a short description.

In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. Padang Bai. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. Tulamben and Amed in the east. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. Taken from Hello Bali. For snorkelling and diving. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. diving. Medewi is also good for beginners. swimming with dolphins. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. For the more experienced. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. cruises. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. September 2000 Source: www. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Australia. Canggu. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. snorkelling.masham3d. Further afield.wordpress. Lovina. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south.files. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. which regularly attract the pros. hurtle down frothing rapids.228 metres) on the world's flattest and smallest continent. Then answer the questions. Candidasa.

the crags of Tasmania. Mt. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. Actually. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. Activity 4 Study the following text well. 2000 the tower of london was first built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's finest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Townshend. some interesting mountainous terrain. including areas of the Blue Mountains. 2.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. and even Mt. Australia does have 1. Taken from Kang Guru.

). Take Off. Write down the conclusion of your discussion. comma (. 1. 1998. Compare it to your friend's. 2 Source: True Colors. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. 2. Discuss what they are about. Study the following announcements.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the first paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 .Activity 5 Answer these questions. 3. Can you explain the function of period (.

At night. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. millions of people visit Paris. one of the world's largest art museums. Paris is often called the City of Light. hiking. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. 3. etc. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. a famous church. is another favourite place to visit. 5. 4. For this reason. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. many palaces and statues are lit up. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. Then write your own sentences based on these words. The Louvre. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. draws many visitors. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort.Activity 7 With your friend. 1. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. 2. study tour. singing contest. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. 8.g. e. 9. Choose one of them and then describe it. Every year. 7. 10. camping.

com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.nationalgeographic.com The Wall of China Source: www3.1 Englishclub. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 . To find out about them. new7wonders. just visit www.

c. you are expected to be able to: 1. d. 5.. Accepting an invitation a. b. write accurately words phrases. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 10. qualities. find specific information from descriptive texts. That sounds a nice idea. characters. I really appreciate your . respond to invitation 3. Description : describes parts. d. Thank you very much. 8. write a form of announcement. Generic Structure a.Chapter Summary 1. express gratitude. guess meaning in context. read a descriptive text aloud. 6. sentences into paragraphs. c. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. perform a monologue of descriptive. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. answer the questions: 1. I'd love to b. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. Identification : identifies phenomenon to be described. place or thing. Thanks a lot.. Now. 7.. b. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you find some difficulties. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. I'd be delighted to. I'm very grateful to you for. respond to report texts 4. 9. respond to gratitude 2.. What will you say to express gratitude? 2.. 2.

Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .photo bucke t.

Many people became homeless. 4 Father : . 6. 4. I can't imagine that. 2. 3. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. 1. respond to news item texts. 3. 4. I find that very surprising. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2 . What kind of expressions are they? 1. I don't believe it. Iwan : Dad. 5. Good heavens! No. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. 3 Father : . He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. It's very tragic. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement.Listening In this section. Another disaster? (Then. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2.) Iwan : Yeah. 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. Thousands of people were killed. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. Compare your answer with your friends'. 7. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding.

Headline News 131 . 1. 5 . That's very disappointing. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class..OK my friends. It seems that he brings 2 for us. Aldi : Shh. answer these questions. 3. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. What a shocking. Please. please! I have something to tell you. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. 4. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. 2. Andi : Keep calm guys. pay attention to our leader. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. 1 Andi : . Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. 5. be quiet. I tell you the truth.. 6 Indah : . Respond to each news that your friends tell you. guys. Andi : I'm serious. Report your answers in front of the class. We will have a holiday someday.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. He told me about our holiday. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. no.. Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. Activity 6 In groups of four.

Your response: I think it's good news. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in floods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear.Activity 7 Listen to tape. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park.

Taken from The Jakarta Post. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. April 15. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. game consoles. com on Monday. in time for National Education Day.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. he said." Mochtar said. During study time. no TV. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine.m. "My office is still drafting 2 on study time. "The study time must be effective. He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply. would be on May 2. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework.. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. to 7:30 p. Headline News 133 ." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p.m.

3. Romi was knocked down by a car. 5.Speaking In this section. on the TV news. perform a dialogue of news item texts. He was in hospital for five weeks. 2. 4. Many people died and got serious injured. I heard that Rian was in jail. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. Ask five questions about it. He was arrested for traffic violence. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. 2006 1. 3. Source: Earthquakes. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What will you say if you hear this news? 1. Yesterday. 4.

Oh. Frans. Mrs. Let's go to the class. did it? Dina : Yes. c. d. Sandi : I don't understand. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane.. b. Take it easy. Yesterday.000 feet in the air. come on. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. Besides.. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. you're right. that's terrible. The window didn't break. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. I got the news from his best friend. Ria. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. It was in mid air. I don't have time to think about love right now. actually. e. Hadi : really? .Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. He's not the only guy in the world. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. a. : Listen. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. : You're right. : That's too bad. did he? Dina : No. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. he gave me a bar of chocolate. Sandy : Oh. : Good heavens! Look at this. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. Act them out with your friends. ! I've been waiting for it so long. : Yeah. The bell is ringing. it did. at the school canteen.

1. I find it astonishing/extraordinary. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. 4. How very surprising/amazing. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. You aren't. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ...What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . 3. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. Well. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. surprises me. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. Give respond to the news. Express your amazement. that's very surprising. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. Act them out with your friends.. 2. 5. 1. Mr Anwar was very ill. are you? 2. Express your sympathy. Respond to the news appropriately. He wasn't. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. Tell your classmates about it. Your friend's father has passed away. I'm on strike now. I find that very surprising.

one of many at the reserve. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. Pretend you are a news reader. Read the news in front of the class. Pay attention to your intonation. March 8. 2005. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. as the protected species. December 29. 2003/January 5. 2004. cellular phones. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition.indonesiaheadline. Time. 2004 1. 4. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. Source: Tempo. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. 3. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you find the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. an official said Saturday. 2008 Headline News 137 . The Jakarta Post.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. is on the verge of extinction.Activity 5 Englishclub. The robbers took their cameras. 2. just visit www.com/ english Answer these questions orally. November 23-29.

000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . make a dialogue.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her first claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. B : Really? I don't believe it. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. Sarah McCaffrey was fined 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003.

expert opinions. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. 1.) 3. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. Find out the information sources.. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. Use the following guidance.. 1. 4. and the place where the event happened. They include witnesses. or the authority. Identify its background..Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. people involved. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. Background consists of event elaboration. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8." (Continue with your own words. Headline News 139 . Find out the main event of the news. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. 2. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. news /nju:z/ 2. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read.

identify the structure of news item texts. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. 4. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. 5. 3. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. 6. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1.Reading In this section. 7. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. 2. Ask your classmates and fill in the name of those doing the following activities.

Activity 3
newsworthy event

Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than five people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com

background event

source

The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The first part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.

Activity 4

State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.

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Activity 5

Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.

Source: www.football-wallpapers.com

The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their

"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's infidelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com

1.

2.

The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick

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3.

New Horizon
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006

4.

5.

The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. fight b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise

Activity 6

Read the following words taken from text and find the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise

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but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. However. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were confirmed last night. Then. Taken from English Form. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks." Taken from English Form. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power. identify the structure of the text. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. 2. 1. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. 3. Do it individually. 4.

Activity 8

Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the first news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours confirmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?

Grammar Review
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."

Your Project
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.

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Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before

Activity 9

Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the office.

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Activity 10

Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."

Activity 11

Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.

Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008

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simple and catchy. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. when and where. The … of the newspaper is usually short. what. 2008 1. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. Source: Microsoft Encarta. 2. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. write news item text. 2. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally.Writing In this section.

5. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. Along the way. Source: www. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta.3. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7. 8. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite fishing that can smash coral reefs. 6. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about.info Headline News 149 . Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco.my-indonesia. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. Sometimes. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers.

This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. Source: www.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. there was a kerosene demand hike. he said. Additional supply. To prevent abuse. he said. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta.9 million kiloliter. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. At first. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. "because. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deficit. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. According to him. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. after the fasting month. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. According to him. he said. kerosene extra supply. Do it individually. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. however. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi.tempointeraktif. meet the people's demand he said.

1. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the fire started on the third floor. By the time the fire department arrived. etc Headline News 151 . Mr Sugiarto said the fire had caused over US$70. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. debate. Then find a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. 5. Fire in City Hotel There was a fire at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. groups.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. last night.m. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. 2008 Source: Tempo. 6. Then present it to the class. 4. etc) contest (speech. Source: www. Rewrite them in your workbook. January 23. 3.000 worth of damage to the hotel. The hotel manager. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. You can choose one of the following topics. said the fire had started in a guest bedroom.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. the fire had spread to the 4th and 5th floors of the hotel. etc) technology education. The guest was badly injured in the fire. May. 2. 7. Source: Kompas. but all the other guests escaped safely.tempointeraktif.

Chapter Summary 1. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. respond to news item texts. : to inform readers. by participants. .Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. you are expected to be able to: 1. in what curriculum stances. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Generic structure .Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. write news item texts. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. perform a monologue of news item texts. Now. identify factual information in news item texts. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4.Sources : Comments. 2. 6. What should be included in a news item text? If you find some difficulties. to whom. and amazement. and amazement. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. . respond to surprise. express surprise. Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2. answer the questions: 1. 5. 3. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important.

c. c. Dirt. d. Of course. b. Thank you. It keeps the body big. It keeps the body strong and healthy. c. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. d. c. The travelling cost doubled. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. d. b. Thanks. Are you kidding? No. c. Yeah. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. d. a. 153 . What a surprise! It's nothing. It keeps the body strong. 1. d. b. b. A. thank you. d. 2. c. b.Review 2 7. Well done. Thank you. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. d. A mount eruption. 4. You must be kidding. d. b. a. The travelling cost was still the same. c. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. What does milk do to the body? a. You’re joking. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. c. Not at all. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. An earthquake. 8. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. Of course. 3. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. Oh. I’m sorry to hear that. b. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. Incessant rain. I don’t think I can make it. Of course. Rock. 6. thank you. Fantastic. c. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation office in Sungai Penuh? a. A tidal wave. c. Tsunami. 10. 9. a. b. Milk contains nothing. b. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. yeah. d. It keeps the body healthy. There was no effect to the travelling cost. A landslide. d. a. No. 5. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. a.

11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.

12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.

B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's first experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I find any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason

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for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork

from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com

13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difficult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.

17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.

Review 2

155

Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior officials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004

21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.

a. b. c.

Less than five houses. More than five houses. Five houses. .

d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?

d. at midnight

156

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

25. c. Achyani. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. b. These are some important factors that should be considered. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. 27. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. A joint effort between parents. A villager of Sendangguwo. The mayor of Semarang. fortune whirlwind storm d. The Tembalang District head. c. students. c. calamity 26. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. The bedrooms. English is considered Review 2 157 . d. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities. b. Dayat. A resident of the District of Tembalang. writing and speaking skills. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. The guest rooms. and the schools is established. d. his wife and senior officials. In today's world. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. Sukawi Sutarip. The residents and neighbours. b. b. b. however. 28. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. from the time of birth. Sukawi Sutarip. Tohirin's neighbour. This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. d. The synonym of the italicised word is . The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is.24. the schools become part of the process. The mayor of Semarang. The residents. c. The kitchen. The guest and bedrooms. Children learn what is important through their school year. students who develop skill in two or more languages will find further studies easier. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. a. d. Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. c.

the less problem a child will have with improper word use. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from The Jakarta Post. Language acquisition needs to be active.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. Why is Mandarin important? 35. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. What is meant by the "team"? 32. When a child learn two languages in parallel. When do children start the process of learning? 31. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. or is too expensive. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. 29. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her first language. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. The earlier a second language is learned. If a dual language programmes isn't available. The more active in each language students become the more proficient and confident they will be. Therefore.

"I don't know anything about the robbery. that. 49. anytime. A B 53. A : . Match them with their headlines. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. Use and. A B 52. or or so to connect the sentences below. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. 43. . Yeah. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. 47. I know her same place with her. but. . In the end. 46. before. Use for. The national museum is visited by the students. He buys a ruler on the way home. B : I'd love to. The teacher gave the students a new book. I'm really I work in the 48. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. A B : : : : : : : 44. 50. Just pick me up at seven. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions.C. I have to inform you. books are mine. those or these to complete the sentences. My uncle has had an accident. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken." 42. please. 41. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. ! B 51. I sleep in the class sleepy. She said. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. after or nor to connect the sentences below. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. 40. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. 45. 54. Put this. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. who else can children rely on to protect them. Review 2 159 . Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39.

Her illness is now at an advanced stage. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. Floods Displace More than 7. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 56. b. According to the parents of the victim. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. has caused the Awash river to overflow its banks. As if that had not been our intention all along. Torrential rain since August 19. We work hard. e. The Headlines a.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. We pray hard. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. c.55. 58. Take her home and make her happy. 57. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. Bogor and Tangerang. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. We laugh hard.

Jon et al. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. L. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 1988. 2000. Achmad et.G. 2002. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Elaine and Darcy Jack. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. Standar Isi. 1990. 161 . Elaine (ed. Cambridge English for School. Michael et al.Bibliography Books Alexander. Balanchard Karen. 1990. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hock. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. 2000. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Mellgren. Ibrahim. 2003. Hill. London: Oxford University Press. L. 1990. Harris. Function in English. Lars and Michael Walker. Opportunities Elementary. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Andrew and Diana Hicks. A. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. English Form 4. Ready to Write. Root Christine. Tan Soon et al.). Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. 1994. Little John. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 2006. Bandung: Grafindo Media Pratama. English Form 3. Favourite Stories from Singapore. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. 1981. 1999. Blundell. 2003. Monteiro. Doddy. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Comber. New York: Pearson Education. English for SMA Volume 2. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. 2003. Second Edition. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. 2000. 2002. Pamela and James Mentel. Hartmann. al. Kirn. Israel.

indonesiaheadline. Fourth Edition.uk http://www. 2004. Reading. March 8. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly. USA: World Book.com http://www.wordpress. Watson. 2007. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. London: Oxford University Press. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Readings to Remember. Inc. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking.express. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. Solomon (ed. 2004.com http://www. 1983.org http://www. 2005 Time.com http://www. December 29. 1993.com http://www.com http://www.masham3d. The World Book Encyclopedia.aesopfables. 2008 Websites http://www. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.com http://www.canauthorsniagara. 2002.short-stories. Alice and Ann Hogue.thejakartapost. Inc. May 2. Swan. 2005 The Jakarta Post.unitechnology.files.ac http://www.grimmfairytales. May 10.english.my-indonesia.breakingnewsenglish.photobucket. January 18. Tanka. April 15. 366 and More Fairy Tales. New York: Macmillan.com http://www. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 2008 The Jakarta Post.write. Rob.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Singapore: Oxford University Press. World Book. 2006 The Jakarta Post. Michael. 2004 The Jakarta Post. Judith et al.info http://www. Schlakman.about. Brown. 2006. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. 1997. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27.wikipedia.co.com http://www. Practical English Usage.com/english http://www. Oshima. 2005.Nolasco.joglosemar.org http://www.).

2006 Microsoft Encarta. Time. 2008 Tempo Kompas. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2004 Publishers Weekly. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. November 23-29. The Jakarta Post. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. 1992 Tempo. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. 2008 Kompas January. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. May 10. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com Earthquakes.football-walpapers. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 23. 2004. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.photobucket. March 8.com Microsoft Encarta. 2007 Bibliography 163 .Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2005. May 10. 2006 www. May. December 29. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000.

specifically: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. relating to. caricature. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. relating to. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of fluid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. used in. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on flesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing flowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. intricacy.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . rudimentary tails. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command.

broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deficiency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deficient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. loss. desirability. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: first-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. quality. timeless. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a fleeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. soundness. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . increase.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difficulties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. or destruction. especially: to increase or improve in value.

or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. group. specifically: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . occurring. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not verifiable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a fluid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a definite volume and does not expand indefinitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magnificent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for profit: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake.

and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow flexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terrific /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. make tight. or sacrificed under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. destroyed. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. jewels. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. especially: rumour wildfire /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular definite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conflict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a filling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-fiction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): fiction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientific factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. a compressed abdomen. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 .

174 congratulate 79. 108. 91. 40. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 28. 166 P parting 2. 166 news item 151. 34 appointment 54. T text structure 15. 99. 135. 167 reported speech 145. 116. 131. 93. 3. 107. 78. 170. 9. 40. 26. 8. 85. 184 greeting 2. 80. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. 74. 102 compliment 78. 125 descriptive 107. 85. 115. 175. 172. 143. 117. 100. 67. 94. 82. 8. 129. 92. 78. 15. 147. 136. 93. 174. 102. 116. 184 L legend 36. 89. 179 G gratitude 75. 82. 141. 140. 130. 152. 25. 147. 101. 42. 73 R recipe 66. 94. 122. 31. L. 98. 162. 41 Watson. 43. 135. 3. 103. 184. 29. 50. 174 procedure 57. 26. 165. 31. 37. 9. 75. 139. 148. 81. 169. 117. 84. 176 sympathy 78. 153. 159 S story 75. 164 complication 41. 112. 146 E events 11. 16 Balanchard Karen. 125 direct speech 145.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 4. 170 headline 82. Michael 92 Little John. 61 C character 13. 41. 80. 22. 135. 84. 60. 98. 81. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 158 introduce 3. 83. 104. 179. 41. 50. 165. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 100. 169. 139. 24. 130. 159 pleasure 81. 112. 171. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 152 O orientation 15. 142. 128. 16. 166 N narrative 14. 8. 177. 97. 101. 31. 10. 50. 91. 68. 109. 152 F fable 37. 148. 55. 24.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 10 H happiness 25. 142. 82. 167 recount 141. 71. 178 invitation 53. 138. 184 I instruction 2. 80. 46. 96. 4. 101. 70. 102. 10. 3. 79. Brown 83 Schlakman. 59. 10 passive voice 96. 145. 115. 98. 134. Agus 11 Mellgren. 85. 4. 30. 99. 122. 27. 181 surprise 53. 102. 137. 72. 129. 37. 132. 90. 33. 4. 177. 88. 173. 171. 149. 86 D description 106. 66. 111. 9. 166. 101. 134. 63.

How do you do? Pleased to meet you. 169 . shorts. I swam and surfed on the beach. Nice to see you. Santi. She meets Rian. I also played football and sand with my brother. this is Santi. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. It's OK. My name is Rian. How do you do? Nice to meet you. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Lina : See you. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Mari Memasak Sendiri. 2. Dian : Really? Good. Activity 3 Today is the first day at school for Dian. this Lina. 5. Nice to meet you. Santi : Hi. My name's Desi. Fany : That's O. 6. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. Santi. Santi : Hi. Allow me to introduce myself. Lina : No. Fany : Well.. they introduce each other. 3. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. I'm Rendi. By the way. Toni. Then. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Mirna : Anyway. Lina.. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. Dian : Nice to meet you too. How are you? My name is . so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Anyway. Hi. See you later. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. How do you do? 4. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Wina. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. A girl : Excuse me. It sounds great.K. Dian : Good morning.. We are in the same class. Bye. so I have a friend to share with. Fany. I had a great vacation there. too. I bought shirts. I'm sorry I'm late. 5. Let me introduce myself. I'm Dian. Mirna. I must go now. There is someone approaching her.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. A girl : Hi. 4. Rian : Good morning. Mirna : Wow. Rian : Oh. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Take care. Lina. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. I'm Fany. nice to meet you too. 2. See you later. Mirna : Well. Santi and I have to go right now. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. She interrupts them. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. My name is Lina. Rian : Bye. 3. I went to Bali. Rian : Yeah. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Toni : Hello. right. My name is Rudi. Andi. Let me introduce you to Lina. and also traditional clothes. Good morning. Lina : Hi. Hello. nice to meet you again after long holiday. it's nice to hear your story. Activity 4 1. 1.

You know what. Our teacher's father just passed away. Love to your parents. the food's great. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Dear Evi and Andi. 7. I'm so happy. as I said. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. good news 2. Words 1. 8. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. so I was the one who talked to people.Activity 9 1. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. April. When do we go there. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. but it was fun to try. Hani : Thanks for your praise. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. My brother got an accident last night. had 4. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. played 10. there wasn't much left. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. Activity 3 1. 4. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. well. did 3. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. When I got back to town. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. but he was afraid to open his mouth. 3. bought 8. left 6. You win a free ticket to Bali. Hani : Hooray! That's great. It was a really great place. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. was 2. surfed 9. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. Hani : Thanks Mom. 4. 5. See you soon. 3. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mom. He must have skidded in the rain. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. swam 7. 5. It gives me satisfaction. My father bought me a motorcycle. At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. I am also happy to have parents like you both. 2. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. went 5. Andi. I'm so happy. I hope. The people are friendly. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. but no tourists. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. I'm delighted to hear that. I swam two or three times a day. your father said that he would take you to the department store. and the weather's a lot better than at home.

Panji : Thank you. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital.000 credit bonus. and unite to assist each other.. That's very kind of you.. The little girl said yes she was. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. He broke his legs. Panji : Thank you very much. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. All of them are folk tale books. I'm interested in reading legends. was he? He was. so he decided to teach them a lesson.. What I don't know where to find them. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always fighting. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. hmmm . he was such in pain. Boni : Folk tale books .. Bon. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. I like Sangkuriang story. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. I'm reading Aesop's fables. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. Was he badly injured? Sure. But i don't know where to find them. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house." 2." 4. The title is Uzumaki Naruto." 5.000. I am Lita. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. 4. "Congratulations. The father said.its a bout superhero. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. You got a great mark for the final test.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. if you are of one mind.. 100. He couldn't even stand up." 3. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. I'll see him in the hospital right away. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. Many people died and got serious injured. He was arrested for traffic violence" 7. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. He wasn't. Now. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. He was in hospital for five weeks.on it. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. "Did you hear that Mr. "Well done. It's got Rp. You get a free ticket for this holiday. You get Rp 10. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. That's terrible." 8. Boni : Let me help you. I am Ridwan. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. 2004 Activity 5 1. on the TV news. but if you are divided among yourselves. Taken from Readings to Remember. My name's Fitra. 2 3. "Yesterday. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. My name is Putra I like reading comics. I like to read fable. I need some books about folk tale. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. Boni : Don't mention it. "You are excellent and brilliant.) These are the books that you need. The story and the adventure is interesting. Finally. "I heard that Budi was in jail. "My sons. Panji." Tapescripts 171 . they are on the corner shelves. you will be like these sticks together. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. Activity 7 1.

Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Mr Posuma : Alright. I have nothing to do. Fany. Activity 3 1. A girl : Excuse me. • Take two slices of bread. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. Lina : No. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Then. 6. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. First. Ten minutes later. Then. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. Let's meet at five. I don't think I can come to your party. It's me. They enjoy reading stories. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. See you. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Dr Fauzi : See you. put the other piece on the top. Fauzi. place the slices on one piece of the bread. It's OK.00 in the morning. Fauzi. it won't surprise you. Thank you very much. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. Dr Fauzi : Bye. Dr Fauzi : OK. Mr Posuma : Hello. that's OK. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. decide. I'd love to. On the way home. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. After that. Activity 8 1. He had a friend. Spread butter on each piece. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Nice to meet you too. Santi : Hi. 9. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning.. There is someone approaching her. This is about our appointment. • Cut some cheese into slices. 10.. After a long silence. Now. Susi. By the way. I'll promise I'll be there. Finally. You will come to my birthday. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. Rita : Wow. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. 4. novels. This is Andre. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Put a slice of butter on each slice. One day. (Lina takes the sandwich. Arief and Rita have a chat. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. but I've got an exam tomorrow. won't you? 3. but I can't come. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. I'll decide to come or not. his friend calls him. Andre. Bye. 7. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. The girl : I'm Fanny. I think . the girl offers something. Lina continues her reading. Mr Posuma : Hello. Doni : Great. and watching drama. cut cheese into slices. please. who always sees him for general check up. Then. It has been two months since my last visit to you. I'm sorry I'm late. I'll be at your house at 8. Mr Andre Posuma. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. I will attend a meeting. I'd love to come. I'd like to.) It's very delicious. Lina : It's very simple. Thank you for asking me. Nice to meet you. We can meet next time. I'm very sorry. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. How about tomorrow morning? 8. She interrupts them. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. Dr Fauzi : Well. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. great. Fany : That's OK. I'm sorry I can't make it. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. my name is Lina. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. See you there. take two pieces of bread.

anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. 4. and when it reaches the top. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. Put some water in a pot. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. you take it off the stove. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. Jim. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. but he could do nothing.' he said. "I left the money in my room. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. Now. OK? You put four cups of cold water. 3. 2.' I said to the manager. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. 5. "Well. Boil the water for three minutes. Then. 7. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. Take out the egg and let it cool. So. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. Draw a face on your whale. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. See? OK? Andre : Yes. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . or else it'll overflow and make a terrible mess. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Leave it for three minutes. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. 1. 8. and stir it. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. 3. Put an egg into the water. Alex : Good morning. 6. James : Thanks for your help. When it starts to boil. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. say you want to make four cups of coffee. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. Add some sugar or milk. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. Santi : Din. Make your folds as sharp as possible. I'm fine. Here it is. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. I'm Smith. 3. thanks. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. What you have should look like a kite.2. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. then unfold it. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. Jim. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. "and it's not there now. 5.' she said. Add boiling water. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. thanks a lot. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. Then you light the gas. 4. Place the paper on a flat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. You will have a crease in the centre.' The manager was sympathetic. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. Activity 11 1.' I said. 2. Jim : Don't mention it. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. Pour it into a glass or cup. Heat the water. It contained £50.

' Just then. My brother won a national singing contest. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. Andi. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. 4.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. Tie the ends together. I guess it's just my luck. You know what. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. Desi : That's great. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How are you doing? Andi : I am fine. I passed my final exam 5. Andi. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. no. this is really delicious. Desi : Thanks. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. "Oh. 6. I got a scholarship to study abroad. By the way. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. 6. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Andi. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. thanks. 2. I'm so happy right now. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. Desi : Wow. You are so kind. Andi : Oh. Andi. his friend. • May I congratulate you on …. Desi : Hi. You look great today! I love your new hair style. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. • I like your hair style! • You're terrific/fantastic. 7. Desi : Never mind Andi. I got the highest score for the test. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 8. Andi. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. • Well done! • Fantastic/terrific! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. 3. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. saying at the same time. terrific farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. 2. It's my pleasure. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. 3. Andi : Thank you very much. "This is enough for me. In the course of the meal. I've got it. the farmer's youngest son ran in. 8. Desi. 4. 7. She congratulates and compliments Andi. he meets Desi. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. Joko : It's a terrific job. Activity 3 1. 2. 3. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. that's amazing. My stomach can't take any more food. too. Taken from English Bestseller 12. 5. shouting. You look great. You know what? I have passed for the final test. 1. politely saying. It is me. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. The next day. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. Your performance is amazing. Andi : Thanks a lot guys.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. Desi. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. I know you are very smart. On the way home.

3. thanks. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. The police have found your missing purse. That she got an idea. I have to repaint it. By the way. Activity 5 A. Malin Kundang 2. The Romans. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Here it is. please. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. Great. "Broom. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. Activity 3 1. and in ten minutes all job was done. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. When she looked around the room. 4. Here it is and thanks. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. It worked very fast. Henry. Thanks. in southwestern England. C. I have kept the package for you. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. And you? I'm just fine. 5. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. The Witch was very happy. This man has saved y our daughter's life. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. My house is more beautiful than yours. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to infiltrate the strong roman defense. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. B. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. Thanks. 2005 Tapescripts 175 ." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. I'll tell him. Where do they originally come from? 1. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. Please come in and have a seat. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. Sangkuriang 4. It's all right. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. Yuni. "my friend was right. After lunch she started to paint. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. she said "Your house is ugly. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. and the walls are bigger. How kind of you. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. sure. In the afternoon she finished the lower part of her house. Thanks. and she worked very carefully. thank you. How are you this morning? Hi. Fine. The Red and White Onions 3. one on top of the other.

I tell you the truth. Many roads are flooded. I don't believe it. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. That's very disappointing. What a shocking. Iwan : Dad. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. South Jakarta. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. I can't imagine that. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. He told me about our holiday. no. Oh really? Is it true? 3. How very surprising/amazing. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. Really? 4. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps)." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. pay attention to our leader. dear. no! Another disaster? (Then. guys. 2.OK my friends. 7. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. Father : Oh. My goodness! 5. be quiet. The tender process for the project is expected to finish by the end of June. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. 5. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. " The design of the park is under way.. I find that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. : Oh. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. South Jakarta. Father : We know how it feels. This is terrible. Andi : Attention. It's very tragic.. that's very surprising. Are you serious? 4. from April 18 to 20. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. : I'm serious. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. I don't believe it. Many people became homeless. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. : Keep calm guys. No. What a surprise! 2. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. Good heavens! 6. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You must be kidding. Aldi : Shh. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. News 3 Lately. please! I have something to tell you. We will have a holiday someday. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron.) Iwan : Yeah. Well. It seems that he brings bad news for us. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors.. Are you serious? 6. 3. Please. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. in July. Thousands of people were killed. Besides its thousand doors.

Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. He is in the hospital now. 2004 Tapescripts 177 . Herman. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. Rita : Thank you.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers.000. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. the regency's capital. instead of the regular fare of Rp50. November 18.m. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. I don't think I can make it. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. Agus : Well done. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra.00.000. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. game consoles. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. five hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. 1. "My office is still drafting the regulation on study time. Rani : Thanks. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. Taken from The Jakarta Post.m. In addition. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. would be issued on May 2." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. "The study time must be effective. in time for National Education Day. A staff of the local transportation office in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. During study time. : Let's meet at 8. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. Kristin : I can't come to your party. 1996 3. You deserve to get that award. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework." Mochtar said. : I'm busy.. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. when cereal prices began rising.com on Monday. Tanti : Hey. Since early 2007. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. with four Premier League games to go. he said. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. no TV. My brother is ill. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. The traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. to 7:30 p. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. paralysing traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. The regulation.

Three persons are involved in the dialogue. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. A piece of paper that the man gave.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. 10. 6.m. 3. He was walking down Sunda Street. Yes he did. 4. believe 9. saw 6. b 5. a Activity 8 1. well. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. get 3. It takes place in the city park. played magic tricks. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. 5. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. Activity 5 1. this is Santi. quiet 4. she does. happy. 7. read poetry. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. I'm Dian. She was so surprised. 5. My name is Rian 6. Nice to meet you. 7. Lina. 2. Bye. How are you? 3. b 2. Hi. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. He was looking for a record store. We went camping. as I said. speechless. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. 4. (a) I'm just fine. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. Activity 2 1. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. 5. He was so surprised. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. He was very friendly. Take care. too. 3. 5. Activity 3 1. 4. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. (b) Hi. c 3. got 2. she didn't. Activity 3 1. I must go now 9. spent 12. She also introduces herself. Good morning 5. lazy 10. 2. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. 3. swam 11. c 4. My name is Lina. this Lina. 7. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. At noon when it was getting darker. 4. Yes. 5.00 p. Event 3 : When I got back to town. at 4:00 in the afternoon. 8. (b) Good morning. Santi. 4. In March. Activity 4 1. 2. 6. Linda was born in 1952. 2. Andika did. 2. Allow me to introduce myself 3. 3. No. Activity 8 1. 4. She talks to Lina. Let me introduce you to Lina. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'm Deni. there wasn't much left. 2. went 5. 28th 2008 at 8. had 7. It took for about one and a half hour. Activity 10 1. Nice to meet you too 8. danced. Activity 4 1. Desi. Rudi. 4. 3. We sang. She confuse. than 8.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. She was born in October 31. (b) Hi. Nice to see you. (b) Glad to meet you. She says see you. Good morning 2.

Rosaura. 2. Legends.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 4. Answer may vary. I'm so glad right now. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. A folk tale. that's too bad 6. Rosaura ran away from her house. You have my sincere condolences. Answers may vary. Because the colour of the petals of the flowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. He is looking for some books for his assignments. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. Folk tales books 5. 6. I'll take care of it. even stand up 2. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. 8. 2. 8. (a) How terrible! 3. It's about finding the story books. blessed Dialogue 2 1. Sangkuriang 4. Answer may vary. Boni and Panji. they couldn't. 7. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. Activity 3 1. They didn't not know each other. The red flowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. Ridwan. 10. 9. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. Activity 6 1. 4. 4. 2. Activity 8 1. Answer Key 179 . Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. she didn't. I'm so sorry to hear that. Activity 4 Answers may vary. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the fields. 2. legends. asked 7. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. saw that 4. Sally was listening to music in her room. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. opened 2. happy 2. waited 5. that's good news. nightgown on 3. No. Activity 4 1. 10. 4. Activity 2 1. That's terrible 3. adventure novel. 8. 5. 7. 3. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. Answer may vary. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Metro-Goldwyn 4. 2. Did you hear 4. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. disappeared 8. (b) Oh really? That's great. 9. superhero comics. great 3. 3. Six peoples. 3. She cried in front of me. 3. Activity 7 1. a basket of food 6. Superhero fiction. 5. Putra. fable. 4. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Harry Potter 3. 6. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. Hiding from her mother and father. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. (a) Oh. Activity 9 1. proud 4. Answer may vary. I'm so happy for you. No. 5. How awful! 5. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. 2. Fitra. 7.

Thirty students. 2. tomatoes and cucumber. • The best vegetables to use are onions. meat and eggs. 2. • Finally. Activity 2 1. To make the fan move sideways. vegetables. Twenty eight. 1. then press the tilt adjustment knob. 2. Could you tell me 5. you can break in two or three eggs. I'd love to. Activity 6 1. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese flour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector first then next finally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. if you like. 14. Would you like to come to my house? 2. I'm sorry I can't make it. Turkish coffee. I'll be there 6. • Stir the mixture and add salt. 6. 4. Ask a friend. 2. I'm sorry. • Then.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. To move the fan up or down. After that 7. 7. 4. Eighty six percents. first pull up the oscillating pin. Activity 7 1. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. How to Make a Cup of Tea. 12. It's OK. 10. To change the speed of the fan. Activity 3 1. Do you want some? 3. Nice to meet you. on the top. Activity 2 1. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. Let's meet at five. d 17. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 9. Being friendly. 8. Activity 2 1. 15. How to Boil an Egg. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. 5. a 5. d 4. a 3. b a c c b 16. 5. 13. Review 1 A. 4. 4. garlic. 3. Being friendly. 2. Invitation. • Now. pepper and other spices. 7. 8. I'd love to come. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. Activity 4 1. 3. push the pin on top of the motor 4. c b a b d 11. Invitation. 3. 4. 2. press one of the switches at the bottom. Certainly. Answers may vary 3. First. d 2. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 8 1. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. • First. Activity 10 1. 2. b d a c a Listening 6. Answer may vary. that's OK. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. 3.

Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. looked around 5. 4. I think so. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. 6. 21. True 7. 38. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. 33. 6. 5. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. more beautiful 3. 4. 22. 25. 36. 32. A dragon. c Activity 2 1. False 4. they didin't. b 4. How are you doing 2. Well done! 7. ran away. he felt very tired 3. found out 9. 42. a 3. Activity 4 1. False 8. it started Activity 10 1. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. 27. c d b a a 41. Reading 18. (k) One day. come over 2. d 34. while he was going from one village to another. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 3. 3. b 2. True Activity 9 1. Thank you very much 4. Fifty years. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. a paint brush 10. 5. You look great today 3. a 2. b 5. Activity 3 1. Is it true 2. b 35. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. She went to the castle and killed a knight. shouted 4. c 4. 29. 43. He died. 5. a c c b c C. 40. It is me terrific job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 31. started to 7. Activity 3 1. No. True 6. went to the shop 6. 45. 2. a 4. e 3. False 3. Answer Key 181 . A family is helped by the firefighters from being trapped in a ruin. 5. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. finished 8. Yes. Writing 23. 3. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 24. 19. Grendel 2. True 2. a 3.B. I do. b 5. 20. 37. 8. 4. 10. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. True 5. 9. Activity 6 1. d a a d c 28. 44. 39. the the a Yes. 26. 4. 30. The wax statue is melted by a fire at the House of Wax. 7. bought read Put shave killed. A special sword. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. Congratulations 6. 2. I'm so happy 5. 7. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. 6. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. Activity 8 1.

c 12. thanks 4. F 4. doors. 4. Africa Time of building: 1. Thanks. 8. 3. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. f 3. Activity 8 1. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. Activity 10 1. thanks 2. 11. of 4. near Activity 13 1. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. a 8. 3. for 3. j 2. Activity 3 1. how kind of you. Wiyogo. Activity 5 A. m 11. 6. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. Activity 2 1.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. d 5. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Lawang Sewu 3. Yes. to 14. landmark Location: in the South Pacific. 5. 2.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. Activity 3 1. T 5. 3. on 7. of 8. 5. 7. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. in a lime hill called Tapan. he is. 2. East of the cave. in 13. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. historical buildings 2. 3. for 15. at 9. in Tabuhan. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. Picture 2 B. Yes. g 7. stained glass windows 5. k 4. i 9. 7. for 12. b 5.5 mile (0. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. She'd love to. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. and roofs are from wood. of 6. 2. 4. 3. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). Activity 2 1. for 2. a thousand doors 4. thank you 3. Canada and the United States. 4. a 3. of 10. 10. he can. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. T 2. 90 years old. A steep gorge. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. Ardi does. b 10. 5. 9. a 2. I won't say no. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. 5. 5. 8. 4. Activity 7 Answers may vary. long winding corridors 6. b 4. Easter Island Answers may vary. Wareng village.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. of 11.8 kilometre). Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-ricefields. 6. 2. Activity 12 1. 6. 2. e 6. h Activity 4 1. thanks 1. It is on Niagara River. The wall is from stone and the floors. Returning sport magazine he lent. for 5. Picture 3 C. It's all right. F 3. coconut-palms and birds. l 13. how grateful I am.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. And so on. 3. On Sunday morning.

Lights. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. T 8. regulation 3. Big Island and Maui. Yes. ceremonies. execution. no! 4. F 6. issued 4. showing nine centuries of British history. and. Full board. Answer Key 183 . 5. News 5 Activity 9 1. T 4. and a prison-the scene of murder. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. Activity 7 1. F 7. A plain big stone. T 2. is the home of the Crown Jewels. and years of imprisonments. 9. Are you serious? 2. Activity 7 1. How the Tower of London was. 9. 8. Kauai. Paragraph 3 4. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. News 6 3. T Activity 6 1. huge 2. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. 2. 3. Oh. they do. Activity 4 The Tower of London was first built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls.K. 4. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali.'s finest castles. "Fine".8. will force 2. News 4 6.250 euros per person for seven nights. 6. Paragraph 14 2. In 1999. Since then it has been a fortress. I don't believe it. 3. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. As little as 1. No. F 10. phrases. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. 3. 3. F 3. Oh. 2. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. Paragraph 17 3. It also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays. a palace. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary.700 kilograms. 7. crowded 4. bad news 5. They contain a description of places. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. so gloomy 6. F 5. How the Tower of London is now. 10. Paragraph 7 5. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. News 3 2. The Tower is one of the U. draw 3. Activity 5 1. lovely 5. look! 2. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. Activity 2 1. entertainment centers 6. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. Attention 4. News 2 4. This is terrible. from colourful shirts. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Oahu. to study 5. Paragraph 10–12 2. Activity 5 1. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. F 9. we can't. News 1 5.

37. photograph 6. quotes 8. 36. 33. 51. d b 28. 34." 5. d d 26. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. Jazz forecast All weekend. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. Ministry of Defence."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Between the age of two and six. and schools. 15. 8. b 2. 12. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. b a d c Listening 5. Review 2 A. a d a c 39. Hamdan asked. 31. 4. "The team' means parents. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. 16." said Mrs Zakia. d 55. 3. These 47.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. before 49. 2. In the room where top scientists meet 4. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. The man said. 13. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. date 5. Yes. but 44. 40. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. Activity 4 1. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. for 45. they have. T 2. "Meet me in my office. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. 2. 7. b a 22. b c c a 9. Answers may vary. c c 23. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. T Activity 5 1. From the time of birth. 18. 41. c 21. a 5. T 5. Alya said. 17. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. 38. introductory paragraph 3. b 57. 30. Reading C. 20. b c 24. The students visit the national museum. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. 6. 42. Activity 2 1. "Please return my books that you borrowed. Those 46. 52. a 3. Activity 9 1. ending statements Activity 3 1. c 58. but 48. Answer may vary using surprised expressions." said Mr Ardi. 3. a 56. T 3. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43." 2. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. 11. 19. 54. 10. a Activity 7 1. 50. 29. B. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. 14. headline 2. students. the events 4. The students were given a new book by the teacher. 4. 53. b 4. 1. 32. caption 7." asked Nia. 3. F 4. b c 27. d b 25. F 6. 35. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions.

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