SPM Percubaan 2007 MRSM Chemistry Paper 1 | Sodium | Ion

1 4541/1 CONFIDENTIAL 4541/1 Chemistry Paper 1 September 2007 1¼ hour

SPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2007 MARA JUNIOR SCIENCE COLLEGE

CHEMISTRY
Paper 1 One hour and fifteen minutes

DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOK UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO.
1. 2. The question booklet is bilingual. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Candidates are advised to read information for candidates on page 2. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat untuk pelajar di halaman 2.

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2 4541/1 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. This question paper consists of 50 questions.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan..

Answer all questions.
Jawab semua soalan.

Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.
Jawab dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan.

Blacken only one space for each question.
Hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja bagi setiap soalan .

If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the space for the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

6. 7.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh deprogram.

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3 4541/1 1 The nucleus of an atom contains
Nukleus sesuatu atom mengandungi

A B C D

electrons only
elektron sahaja

neutrons only
neutron sahaja

both protons and neutrons
proton dan neutron

both protons and electrons
proton dan electron

2

Which statement is correct about noble gases?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut benar tentang gas adi?

A B C D

Exist as diatomic molecules
Wujud sebagai molekul dwiatom

Do not form chemical bonds
Tidak membentuk ikatan kimia

Form ions with different valencies
Membentuk ion dengan berbagai valensi

Combine with transition metals to form coloured compounds
Bergabung dengan logam peralihan membentuk sebatian berwarna

3

Which of the following substances has electrostatic forces between its particles?
Manakah antara bahan berikut mempunyai daya tarikan elektrostatik antara zarah?

A B C D

Naphthalene
Naftalena

Carbon dioxide
Karbon dioksida

Hydrogen chloride
Hidrogen klorida

Magnesium oxide
Magnesium oksida

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4 4541/1 4 Acid rain causes the land to become acidic. Farmers neutralize the acidity in the soil by adding
Hujan asid menyebabkan tanah menjadi berasid. Petani meneutralkan keasidan tanah dengan menambahkan

A B C D

lime
kapur

sulphur
Sulfur

zinc nitrate zink nitrat ammonium sulphate ammonium sulfat

5

Table 1 shows information about the ability of three substances to conduct electricity.
Jadual1 menunjukkan maklumat tentang kebolehan tiga bahan untuk mengalirkan elektrik.

Substance
Bahan

P √ √ TABLE 1

Q X X

R X √

Electrical conductivity in solid state.
Kekonduksian elektrik dalam keadaan pepejal

Electrical conductivity in molten state.
Kekonduksian elektrik dalam keadaan leburan

Which of the following statements is true?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut benar?

A B C D

Solid and molten P contains free moving ions.
Pepejal dan leburan P mengandungi ion-ion bergerak bebas.

Solid and molten Q contain atoms
Pepejal dan leburan Q mengandungi atom.

Molten R contains free moving ions
Leburan R mempunyai ion-ion bergerak bebas

There are no ions in solid R.
Tiada ion dalam pepejal R

6

Sodium hydroxide solution is added to hydrochloric acid in a beaker. Which of the following ionic equations represents the reaction that occurs?
Larutan natrium hidroksida dicampur dengan asid hidroklorik di dalam satu bikar. Manakah antara persamaan ion berikut mewakili tindak balas yang berlaku?

A B C D

Na+ + Cl- → NaCl H+ + OH - → H2O Na+ + OH - → NaOH H+ + Cl- → HCl
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5 4541/1 7 Which of the following salt is soluble in water?
Manakah antara garam berikut larut dalam air?

A B C D

Iron(II) sulphate
Ferum(II) sulfat

Silver chloride
Argentum klorida

Calcium carbonate
Kalsium karbonat

Lead(II) bromide
Plumbum(II) bromida

8

Baking powder contains sodium hydrogen carbonate. It reacts with acidic substances to release
Serbuk penaik mengandungi natrium hidrogen karbonat. Ia bertindak balas dengan bahan berasid untuk membebaskan

A B C D

hydrogen
hidrogen

nitrogen
nitrogen

carbon dioxide
karbon dioksida

nitrogen dioxide
nitrogen dioksida

9

Diagram 1 shows steps in industrial preparation of sulphuric acid.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan langkah penyediaan asid sulfurik secara industri.

S


I

SO2


II

SO3


III

H2S2O7 → H2SO4
IV

DIAGRAM 1 Which of the following steps requires a catalyst?
Manakah antara langkah berikut memerlukan mangkin?

A B C D

I II III IV

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6 4541/1 10 Diagram 2 shows the arrangement of atoms in bronze.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan atom dalam gangsa.

DIAGRAM 2 What is atom X?
Apakah atom X?

A B C D

Aluminium
Aluminium

Zinc
Zink

Tin
Stanum

Carbon
Karbon

11

Which of the following reactions occurs at the highest rate?
Manakah antara tindak balas berikut berlaku pada kadar yang paling tinggi?

A B C D

Photosynthesis
Fotosintesis

Rusting of iron
Pengaratan besi

Combustion of hydrogen in oxygen
Pembakaran hidrogen dalam oksigen

Combustion of magnesium in oxygen
Pembakaran magnesium dalam oksigen

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7 4541/1 12 Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set-up used to study the rate of reaction of calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas antara kalsium karbonat dengan asid hidroklorik.

DIAGRAM 3 The rate of the above reaction can be increased by
Kadar bagi tindak balas diatas boleh ditingkatkan dengan

A B C D

grinding the marble chips
menumbuk halus kalsium karbonat

lowering the temperature of hydrochloric acid
menurunkan suhu asid hidroklorik

using a larger flask
menggunakan kelalang yang lebih besar

adding water to hydrochloric acid
menambahkan air ke dalam asid

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8 4541/1 13 Diagram 4 represents the structural formula of a carbon compound.
Rajah 4 mewakili formula struktur suatu sebatian karbon,.

DIAGRAM 4 Which of the following alcohol reacts with propanoic acid to produce the above compound?
Manakah antara alkohol berikut bertindak balas dengan asid propanoik untuk menghasilkan sebatian di atas?

A

B

C

D

14

Unsaturated fats can be converted to saturated fats through
Lemak tak tepu boleh ditukar kepada lemak tepu melalui

A B C D

hydrogenation
penghidrogenan

esterification
pengesteran

neutralization
peneutralan

fermentation
penapaian

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9 4541/1 15 Diagram 5 represents the structural formula of but -1- ene.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi but-1-ena.

DIAGRAM 5 Which of the following is the structural formula and name for an isomer of but-1-ene?
Manakah antara formula struktur dan nama berikut betul bagi satu isomer but-1-ena?

A
But-3-ene

B
2-methylprop – 1 – ene

C
2-methylprop – 2 - ene

D
2-methylprop – 2 – ene

16

Diagram 6 shows the chemical changes that occurs to compound G.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan perubahan kimia yang berlaku ke atas sebatian G.

G

Acidified KMnO4
KMnO4 berasid

H OH │ │ H - C - C │ │ H H

OH H │ │ C - C - H │ │ H H

DIAGRAM 6 Which of the following is compound G?
Manakah antara berikut adalah sebatian G?

A B C D

n- butane
n-butana

But - 1 – ene
But-1-ena

But - 2 – ene
But-2-ena

Butan - 2 - ol
Butan-2-ol

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10 4541/1 17 Reaction between ferum(II) sulphate solution and bromine can be represented by the following equation.
Tindak balas antara ferum(II) sulfat dengan bromin boleh diwakili oleh persamaan berikut.

2 Fe2+ + Br2 → 2 Fe3+ + 2 BrWhich of the following is true about the reaction?
Manakah antara berikut adalah benar tentang tindak balas tersebut?

A B C D

Fe2+ is reduced
Fe2+ diturunkan

Br2 is a reducing agent
Br2 adalah agen penurunan

Fe2+ is an oxidizing agent
Fe2+ adalah agen pengoksidaan

Br2 accepts electrons
Br2 menerima elektron

18

Which of the following is an oxidation process?
Manakah antara berikut adalah proses pengoksidaan?

A B C D

Propene changes into propane
Propena ditukar ke propana

Lead(II) oxide loses its oxygen
Plumbum(II) oksida kehilangan oksigen

Magnesium atom forms magnesium ion.
Atom magnesium membentuk ion magnesium.

Chlorine molecule gains electrons.
Molekul klorin menerima electron.

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11 4541/1 19 Diagram 7 shows an energy level diagram for neutralisation process.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan rajah aras tenaga bagi proses peneutralan.

Energy
Tenaga

NaOH + HCl

Δ H = -57 kJ mol-1

NaCl + H2O DIAGRAM 7 Based on Diagram 7 , it can be concluded that
Berdasarkan Rajah 7 dapat disimpulkan bahawa

I II III IV A B C D

the heat of neutralization is - 57 kJ mol-1
haba peneutralan adalah - 57 kJ mol-1

57 kJ of energy is needed for the reaction
57kJ tenaga diperlukan untuk tindak balas ini.

the products of reaction contain less energy than the reactants
tenaga hasil tindak balas kurang dari tenaga bahan tindak balas

temperature drops when reaction takes place.
suhu menurun semasa tindak balas berlaku.

I and III only II and III only I and IV only II, III and IV only

20

Table 2 shows the types and functions of food additives.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan jenis dan fungsi bahan tambah dalam makanan.

Type
Jenis

Function
Fungsi

I II III IV

Preservative
Pengawet

Prevents growth of microorganism in foods
Menghalang pembiakan mikroorganisma dalam makanan

Antioxidant
Antioksida

Prevents oxidation of the oil by oxygen
Menghalang pengoksidaan minyak oleh oksigen

Flavouring
Perisa

Enhances the flavour of foods
Menambahkan rasa dalam makanan

Colouring
Pewarna

Gives and restores certain colour in foods
Memberi dan mengekalkan warna dalam makanan

TABLE 2 Which of the following are correctly matched?
Antara pasangan berikut manakah benar?

A B C D

I and III only I, II and IV only II, III and IV only I, II, III and IV
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12 4541/1 21 Substance T exists as a liquid at temperature of 120 o C. Which of the following is the probable melting point and boiling point of substance T?
Bahan T wujud sebagai cecair pada suhu 120oC. Manakah antara berikut mungkin takat lebur dan takat didih bahan T?

Melting point /o C
Takat lebur

Boiling point /o C
Takat didih

A B C D

2 -41 140 75

62 21 190 130

22

Table 3 shows the number of protons for elements V, W, X, Y and Z.
Jadual 3 menunjukkan bilangan proton bagi unsur-unsur V, W, X, Y dan Z.

Element Unsur Number of protons Bilangan proton

V 3

W 8

X 10

Y 11

Z 20

TABLE 3 Which of the following elements have the same number of valence electrons?
Manakah antara unsur-unsur berikut mempunyai elektron valens yang sama?

A B C D 23

V and Z W and X V and Y W and Z

Table 4 shows the proton number of elements P, Q, R and S.
Jadual 4 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur P, Q, R dan S.

Element
Unsur

P 11

Q 13

R 16

S 19

Proton number
Nombor proton

TABLE 4 The sequence of the elements in the order of increasing atomic size is
Susunan unsur-unsur mengikut pertambahan saiz atom ialah

A B C D

S, R, Q, P R, Q, P, S P, Q, R, S S, P, Q, R
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13 4541/1 24 Diagram 8 shows the apparatus set-up for the decomposition of calcium carbonate.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi penguraian kalsium karbonat.

DIAGRAM 8 Which of the following equations represents the reaction that occurs in the test tube containing lime water?
Manakah antara persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas yang berlaku dalam tabung uji mengandungi air kapur?

A B C D

CaCO3 → CaO + CO2 Ca + 2 H2O → Ca(OH)2 + H2 Ca(OH)2 + CO2 → CaCO3 + H2O Ca2+ + 2 OH- → Ca(OH)2

25

Substance X has the following properties.
Bahan X mempunyai sifat-sifat berikut.

High melting point
Takat lebur yang tinggi

Conducts electricity in the molten state
Mengalirkan elektrik dalam keadaan leburan

Insoluble in water
Tidak larut dalam air

Which of the following is substance X?
Manakah antara berikut bahan X?

A B C D

Silicon dioxide
Silikon dioksida

Silver chloride
Argentum klorida

Mercury
Merkuri

Zinc Sulphate
Zink sulfat

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14 4541/1 26 Element X reacts with carbon and sodium to form compounds as shown in Table 5.
Unsur X bertindak balas dengan karbon dan natrium membentuk sebatian seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Jadual.5.

Reaction
Tindak balas

Formula
Formula

Element X and carbon
Unsur X dan karbon

CX4 NaX

Element X and sodium
Unsur X dan natrium

TABLE 5 Which of the following represents the electron arrangement for a compound formed between magnesium and element X?
Manakah antara berikut mewakili susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara magnesium dan unsur X?

A

B

C

D

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15 4541/1 27 Diagram 9 shows a chemical cell using a lead plate and a copper plate.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan sel kimia menggunakan plat plumbum dan kuprum.

DIAGRAM 9 Which of the following is true for the chemical cell?
Manakah antara berikut benar bagi sel kimia di atas?

A B C D

The copper plate acts as the positive terminal.
Plat kuprum bertindak sebagai terminal positif.

The salt bridge acts as a medium for transferring of electrons.
Titian garam bertindak sebagai perantaraan untuk pemindahan electron..

The electrons flow from copper plate to the lead plate through external circuit.
Elektron mengalir dari plat kuprum ke plat plumbum melalui litar luar..

The concentration of the Cu 2+ ions in the copper(II) sulphate solution remains unchanged.
Kepekatan ion Cu2+ dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat tidak berubah.

28

Diagram 10 shows the steps taken to prepare a standard solution.
Rajah 10 menunjukkan langkah-langkah untuk menyediakan larutan piawai.

Step P
Langkah P

Step Q
Langkah Q

Step R
Langkah R

Step S
Langkah S

DIAGRAM 10 Arrange the steps in the correct order of preparing a standard solution.
Susunkan langkah-langkah mengikut urutan yang betul.

A B C D

S, Q, R and P S, R, P,and Q Q, P, R and S P, R, S and Q
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16 4541/1 29 Diagram 11 shows the structure for two types of rubber.
Rajah 11 menunjukkan struktur bagi dua jenis getah..

Rubber X

DIAGRAM 11

Rubber Y

Based on Diagram 11, which of the following statements is true?
Berdasarkan Rajah,11 manakah antara pernyataan berikut adalah benar?

A B C D

Rubber X is more elastic than rubber Y.
Getah X lebih kenyal dari getah Y.

Rubber X is harder than rubber Y.
Getah X lebih keras dari getah Y.

Rubber X is easily oxidised than rubber Y.
Getah X lebih mudah teroksida dari getah Y.

Rubber X has higher melting point than rubber Y.
Getah X mempunyai takat lebur lebih tinggi dari getah Y.

30

In an experiment, 25 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 hydrogen peroxide solution decomposes to produce oxygen gas. Graph of volume of oxygen gas against time is sketched and curve R is obtained as shown in Diagram 12.
Dalam satu eksperimen , 25 cm3 larutan hidrogen peroksida 0.2 mol dm-3 terurai membebaskan gas oksigen..Graf isipadu gas melawan masa diplotkan dan lengkung R diperolehi seperti ditunjukkan di Rajah 12. Volume of oxygen /cm3 Isipadu oksigen

R S DIAGRAM 12 Which of the following solution will produce curve S?
Manakah antara larutan berikut menghasilkan lengkung S? Time / s Masa

A B C D

20 cm3 of 0.10 mol dm-3 hydrogen peroxide 30 cm3 of 0.20 mol dm-3 hydrogen peroxide 20 cm3 of 0.30 mol dm-3 hydrogen peroxide 10 cm3 of 0.30 mol dm-3 hydrogen peroxide
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17 4541/1 31 Diagram 13 shows the conversion of molecule A through two different processes.
Rajah 13 menunjukkan penukaran molekul A melalui dua proses berlainan..

Combustion Molecule A
Molekul A Pembakaran

CO2 + H2O CH3COOH

Process II
Proses II

DIAGRAM 13 Which of the following is molecule A and process II
Manakah antara berikut merupakan molekul A dan proses II ?

Molecule A
Molekul A

Process II
Proses II

A B C D

Ethanol
Etanol

Esterification
Pengesteran

Ethanol
Etanol

Oxidation
Pengoksidaan

Ethene
Etena

Dehydration
Pendehidratan

Ethanoic acid
Asid etanoik

Esterification
Pengesteran

32

Diagram 14 shows the set-up of apparatus to study factors affecting corrosion of iron.
Rajah 14 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji faktor mempengaruhi kakisan besi.

DIAGRAM 14 In which of the following test tube will the iron nail rust?
Manakah antara tabung uji berikut akan berlakunya pengaratan paku besi?

A B C D

X only
X sahaja

Y only
Y sahaja

X and Z only
X dan Z sahaja

Y and Z only
Y dan Z sahaja

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18 4541/1 33 The following equation represents the preparation of detergent.
Persamaan berikut mewakili penyediaan detergen.

What is the pH value for solution X?
Apakah nilai pH bagi larutan X?

A B C D 34

2 7 9 14

Diagram 15 shows the set-up of apparatus to determine heat of combustion of ethanol.
Rajah 15 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan haba pembakaran etanol.

DIAGRAM 15 The heat of combustion of ethanol was found less than the theoretical value. What can be done to improve the experimental value?
Haba pembakaran etanol didapati kurang dari nilai teori. Apa yang perlu dilakukan untuk memperbaiki nilai eksperimen tersebut?

I II III IV A B C D

Remove the wooden block
Keluarkan blok kayu

Use copper container to replace beaker
Gunakan bekas kuprum menggantikan bikar

Do not use wire gauze when heating
Tidak menggunakan kasa dawai semasa pemanasan

Use greater volume of water
Menggunakan isipadu air yang lebih besar

II and III only I, II and III only II, III and IV only I, II, III and IV

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19 4541/1 35
Tindak balas antara ion Fe2+ dan ion MnO4- diwakili oleh persamaan berikut:

Reaction between Fe2+ ions and MnO4- ions is represented by the following equation. 5Fe2+ + MnO4- + 8H+ 5Fe3+ + Mn2+ + 4H2O

Which of the following information could be obtained from the equation?
Manakah antara maklumat berikut dapat diperoleh dari persamaan di atas?

I II III IV

The oxidation number of manganese changes from +7 into +2
Nombor pengoksidaan mangan berubah dari +7 ke +2

The oxidation number of hydrogen changes from +1 into 0
Nombor pengoksidaan hidrogen berubah dari +1ke 0

The green colour of Fe2+ ions solution turn to brown
Larutan hijau ion Fe2+ bertukar kepada larutan perang Elektron berpindah dari ion Fe2+ kepada ion MnO4-

Electrons transfer from Fe2+ ions into MnO4- ions solution

A B C D

I and III only II and IV only I, II and III only I, III and IV only

36

Table 6 shows the number of neutrons, protons and electrons of particles R and S. Jadual 6 menunjukkan bilangan neutron , proton dan elektron bagi zarah R dan S. Particle
Zarah

Number of neutrons
Bilangan neutron

Number of proton
Bilangan proton

Number of electrons
Bilangan elektron

R S

12 12

11 12

11 10

TABLE 6 Which of the following is true about R and S?
Manakah antara berikut benar tentang R dan S?

A B C D

R and S are ions
R dan S adalah ion

R and S are isotopes
R dan S adalah isotop

R has one valence electron
R mempunyai satu elektron valens

S has gained two electrons
S menerima dua elektron

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20 4541/1 37 Metal M forms a chloride compound with the formula MCl3. Given the formula of chromate (IV) ions is CrO42-, then the formula of M chromate is
Logam M membentuk sebatian klorida yang mempunyai formula MCl3. Diberi formula bagi ion kromat(IV) adalah CrO4-2, maka formula bagi sebatian M kromat ialah

A B C D 38

MCrO4 M2CrO4 M(CrO4)3 M2(CrO4)3

The equation represents the displacement of copper from aqueous copper (II) sulphate using metal Q.
Persamaan berikut mewakili penyesaran kuprum daripada larutan kuprum(II) sulfat menggunakan logam Q.

Q + CuSO4

QSO4 + Cu

What is the volume of aqueous 1 mol dm-3 of copper (II) sulphate that reacts completely with 0.96 g of metal Q? [Relative atomic mass Q: 24]
Apakah isipadu larutan kuprum(II) sulfat 1 mol dm-3 bertindak balas lengkap dengan 0.96 g logam Q? [Jisim atom relatif Q : 24]

A B C D

60 cm3 40 cm3 25 cm3 23 cm3

39

Ammonium sulphate, (NH4)2SO4 is a fertilizer. What is the percentage of nitrogen in a molecule of the compound? (Relative atomic mass : H, 1; N, 14; O, 16 ; S, 32)
Ammonium sulfat, (NH4)2SO4 adalah sejenis baja. Berapakah peratus nitrogen per molekul dalam sebatian? (jisim atom relatif : H, 1; N, 14; O, 16 ; S, 32)

A B C D

23.7% 21.9 % 21.2 % 10.6 %

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21 4541/1 40 Element X is placed on the right of element Y in the same Period of the Periodic Table. If the proton number of Y is 12, then the electron arrangement of X is Unsur X berada di kanan unsur Y pada kala yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala.Unsur.
Jika nombor proton Y adalah 12, maka susunan elektron bagi unsur X ialah

A B C D

2.8.2 2.8.6 2.8.8.2 2.8.8.6

41

Table 7 shows the proton number of element X and Y.
Jadual7 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur X dan Y.

Atom X Y

Proton number 12 17 TABLE 7

Which of the following is true for compound formed between X and Y?
Manakah antara berikut benar bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara X dan Y?

Bonding type
Jenis ikatan

Electrical conductivity
Kokonduksiani elektrik

A B C D

Ionic
Ionik

in aqueous and molten state
dalam larutan berair dan leburan

Covalent
Kovalen

in aqueous and molten state
dalam larutan berair dan leburan

Covalent
Kovalen

in aqueous state only
dalam larutan berair sahaja

Ionic
Ionik

in molten state only
dalam leburan sahaja

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22 4541/1

42

An experiment was carried out to determine the formula of a compound, M sulphate. 5 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 aqueous M nitrate is poured into 7 different test tubes. Different volumes of 0.1 mol dm-3 aqueous potassium sulphate, K2SO4 is added to each test tube. The height of white precipitate, M sulphate is recorded.
Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menentukan formula suatu sebatian, M sulfat. 5 cm3 larutan M nitrat 0.2 mol dm-3 dimasukkan ke dalam 7 tabung uji berasingan. Isipadu larutan kalium sulfat, K2SO4, yang berlainan dimasukkan ke dalam setiap tabung uji. Tinggi mendakan putih, M sulfat direkodkan.

height of precipitate/cm
Tinggi mendakan

5.5 4.4 3.3 2.2 1.1 . 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . volume of K2SO4 /cm3
isipadu K2SO4

DIAGRAM 16

Diagram 16 shows the graph for height of precipitate against volume of 0.1 mol dm-3 potassium sulphate used. What is the formula for M sulphate?
Rajah 16 menunjukkan graf tinggi mendakan melawan isipadu larutan kalium sulfat 0.1 mol dm-3. Apakah formula bagi M sulfat?

A B C D

MSO4 M2SO4 M2(SO4)3 M3(SO4)2

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23 4541/1 43 A study of three metals M, N and O is carried out. It is found that metal M has the highest tendency to lose electron while metal O has the least tendency. It can be summarised as below:
Kajian tentang tiga logam M, N dan O dijalankan. Didapati logam M mempunyai kecenderungan untuk melepaskan elektron yang paling tinggi, manakala logam O paling rendah. Ia boleh disimpulkan seperti di bawah

M N O Tendency to lose electron decreases
Kecenderungan melepaskan elektron berkurang

Which of the following statements are true of the metals M, N and O?
Manakah antara penyataan berikut benar tentang logam M, N dan O?

I II III IV

M displaces N from aqueous N nitrate
M menyesarkan N dari larutan N nitrat

M will corrode if placed in contact with O in aqueous M nitrate
M terkakis jika bersentuhan dengan O dalam larutan M nitrat

N is the positive terminal in a chemical cell using both N and O as electrodes
N adalah terminal positif dalam sel kimia yang menggunakan N dan O sebagai elektrod.

The voltage for chemical cell using M and O is bigger than chemical cell using N and O.
Nilai voltan bagi sel kimia menggunakan M dan O adalah lebih tinggi dari sel kimia menggunakan N dan O

A B C D

I, II and III only I, II and IV only I, III and IV only II, III and IV only

44

Which of the following solutions reacts completely with 40 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid, H2SO4.
Manakah antara larutan berikut bertindak balas lengkap dengan 40 cm3 asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm-3?

I II III IV A B C D

40 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 NaOH 20 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 KOH 10 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 Ba(OH)2 10 cm3 of 4.0 mol dm-3 Ba(OH)2 I and II only I and III only II and IV only IV only

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24 4541/1 45 When solution X is added gradually to sulphuric acid, the electric current decreases slowly and then increases as shown in Diagram 17.
Apabila larutan X dicampur sedikit demi sedikit ke dalam asid sulfurik, arus elektrik berkurang secara beransur-ansur dan kemudian meningkat seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 17.

Diagram 17 Which of the following is solution X?
Manakah antara berikut larutan X?

A B C D

Silver nitrate
Argentum nitrat

Ammonium hydroxide
Ammonium hidroksida

Zinc chloride
Zink klorida

Barium hydroxide
Barium hidroksida

46

The following information shows the effect of a particular factor on the rate of reaction.
Maklumat berikut menunjukkan kesan suatu faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas.

• • • •

Particles have high kinetic energy
[Zarah mempunyai tenaga kinetik yang tinggi]

Numbers of particles with activation energy increases
[Bilangan zarah yang mempunyai tenaga pengaktifan bertambah]

Frequency of collision between particles increases
[Frekuensi perlanggaran antara zarah bertambah]

Frequency of effective collision increases
[Frekuensi perlanggaran efektif bertambah]

Which of the following can cause the above effect?
Manakah antara berikut memberikan kesan seperti di atas?

A B C D

Increasing total surface area of reactants.
Menambah jumlah luas permukaan bahan tindak balas

Increasing the concentration of reactants.
Menambah kepekatan bahan tindak balas

Adding a catalyst.
Menambah mangkin

Increasing temperature of reactants
Menaikkan suhu bahan tindak balas

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25 4541/1 47 Excess calcium carbonate is added to 50 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid. Volume of carbon dioxide gas released is recorded and plotted against time taken. Diagram 18 shows the graph of volume of carbon dioxide against time for the reaction
Kalsium karbonat berlebihan ditambah kepada 50 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.1 mol dm-3. Isipadu karbon dioksida dibebasksn dicatat dan diplot melawan masa. Rajah 18 menunjukkan graf isipadu karbon dioksida melawan masa untuk tindak balas tersebut.

DIAGRAM 18 Which of the following graph is possible if the experiment is repeated using 25 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid?
Manakah antara graf berikut yang mungkin jika eksperimen diulang menggunakan 25 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.2 mol dm-3 ?

A

B

C

D

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26 4541/1 48 Diagram 19 shows the set-up of apparatus used to study the transfer of electrons at a distance.
Rajah 19 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji pemindahan elektron pda suatu jarak.

DIAGRAM 19 After a few hours, there is no deflection of the galvanometer’s needle. This is because
Selepas beberapa jam, tiada pesongan pada jarum galvanometer. Ini disebabkan

A B C D

both electrolytes are oxidising agent
kedua elektrolit adalah agen pengoksidaan

aqueous potassium nitrate is used as salt bridge
larutan akueus kalium nitrat digunakan sebagai titian garam

no supply of electric current
tiada bekalan arus elektrik

platinum electrode used
elektrod platinum digunakan

49

The burning of 0.6 g of X causes the temperature of 100 cm3 water to increase by 12oC. What is the heat of combustion of X? [ relative molecular mass of X = 60; specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 J g-1 oC-1]
Pembakaran 0.6 gram bahan X menyebabkan suhu 100 cm3 air naik sebanyak 12oC. Apakah haba pembakaran bagi bahan X?

A B C D

50.4 kJ mol-1 72.0 kJ mol-1 302.4 kJ mol-1 504.0 kJ mol-1

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27 4541/1 50 When 100 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide is added to 100 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid, temperature rises by 7°C. Which of the following mixtures will produce an increment of 14°C in temperature?
Apabila 100 cm natrium hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3 ditambah kepada 100 cm asid hidrokorik 1.0 mol dm-3 suhu menaik sebanyak 7oC. Manakah antara campuran berikut akan menghasilkan kenaikan suhu sebanyak 14oC?
3 3

A

50 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide 50 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid
50 cm natrium hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3 dan 50 cm asid hidrokorik 1.0 mol dm-3
3 3

B

50 cm 3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide and 50 cm 3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid
50 cm natrium hidroksida 2.0 mol dm-3 dan 50 cm asid hidrokorik 2.0 mol dm-3
3 3

C

100 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide and 100 cm 3 of 4.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid
100 cm natrium hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3 dan 100 cm asid hidrokorik 4.0 mol dm-3
3 3

D

200 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide and 200 cm 3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid
200 cm natrium hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3 dan 200 cm asid hidrokorik 1.0 mol dm-3
3 3

END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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