You are on page 1of 41

·ear.

··· -

...... n » .' . .'-:5" ( '. ",

.. .' .

r .' '/ .' .'< ..•.. . .... '. I "1

~SU'P'-!'p--- orted by--':-'

- ,

01 H,;-~ ~ PI arsons (Solicitors)

•• I ill _ __ . _ '.. ,,_'.l". _ _ "

k ,. t t' h'" - -~

'tv'o[ r 'J n g' .- o'ge .' :,',',~[ e'r'

~"#' "

',,&1, ,', ,'" •

, , -

, . "

, "

':._:___ .:

•"

r _' .'.

! . .' I'- •

IN:S,T~TU'TE ,OF 'C[DNiTEIM,PO'A,A,IRV AR'T'S

___ I

LO,',N' :D--',-,g-, ':N::

_ J" [ .' ',,'

S,pons',(),fed beY

'T' ":0-- "'19-- [H I B'A'''-''

,_ . ,~ __ :"" '_.-' i_~ , "i,i. '-',

'Pian,o provide,d, b[y Stein:way~

= . ..

'"71.._ -~~~- 't-" ~ 1:1 -hi - - " - 'dJ - ,~,ll._ '":- - - -';"" ,- 't- '~"'- " ""--:~'b' ,1,-

,J. rUUU\J- ,0 dill W, ,,0' m,aJ" =e u:l1S proJce,- P'OS81,;,',1 e. ..

[~1h'ery'nl"' ,~t::~,L_,~ ,t~(l Ri~<c--~'h---'~':r'd~- A",' ""-Sl''''o,u[g.h~' Andy':" 'H'o'p:t[on'"

J..)r'-"'~ IAt('fUJ\.;) ,V"", ", ",~ "",,' ~ ,_ 0,:,,;.,. ~:,~'~' ' ,'_' ',-' '~"--'

P~l,.'="~~" ",' 'Tl ',,",", "~ 'V:'~"" ,t ' ' [S- ,'h' 1'-' M' " ,1j'd"

Jllllp ,I 'agney, ",' Ie ,or "e" 0, "leJlJ,;o

,lto.:iect LDirector~"' Michael 'Parsons~

Adm: -lIl~'tl'· 'rr'- a' ,!:we'· fL"~ p'hl1-':~'" En: , g-lan'd'_'

. . .. . l~ . . ; "-<..... ".' I J , '_ I' "

_' __ ':.:,'.:' ·,"·.'.1' . , ,:. i_ I.. I, ,:.' '11 ._, It. ' ,il

Pn d· d'·· Ed- "B

Y'I"'It('"~~ ·C·I'ri'=~'M"il"oI"Wh~,:. ' -- .": ," ',:"JI;vtp.I""

, v., ~'(.1'UJ"'(F ".'v. VI i , .• ~J·I~t1u)'!I'I~.' , '. ~ .. ,~ .• '

,itogrWhrme asstrnb,led' ctnd ,f3[di'ted' by :Mich,ael Parsons;,

~fJ t and d':' d' h C'-" " P'" d- ~ arul:

J'" .:r· <, .. ' .... : I' ... ": •.. .'. . ".: ~. .:. [ '., .: : .. ' . . . .'. '. I . .". " !.,' .' (, "l . ~. '.: . . " ..• ' ... : ,. <. [ ... '[ ~ "~:':' . ~: .:--,~' '.~ .. :.: ' ..... ~ '.

_ ~; est '.. . .' tslflle.ry .... 0 W1.ter ,ro u cb,o.ns, . . .. ' ..

J~ .c't· :·d-_-c-- ~.- :,:: E·····,-:.-'f-:--~d, :_-: h'~ - ,-I l'n" ,Q+-', .... ,iFiIt-' Prill:, ~-~' ·····t W~:'e' "~sot' 0""" -n' ,- e"

.r~ ~rt_e[· m ·~ngtu:lt __ ~ ,"~,'.o.J,IIi.'(:l~LI!', _, ' ~ _-___: ,--1,_ ' . . ., - ..... ~:,' '.'

n.Ll-:· "l.~d· L L d 'M' "... i 'C- 'il .. 6'0' .culllSIte, '''?Y ' . 011 ,on ,,:',llSlC1anS" '.: 0.: e-cb.v,e, :1 ... 1

~F:':'!""l:i -'''-:,~.·~d·~~''['"-l R--', " Ie" ~- L[-,--"d~-I:--I--~l E··~···C.·-:: l:R'" .3---:'·B:P· '-

, illJt"lltgon , 0 a!Ul;, ' - ,on .. on , ..... ,.I. '. .,", '.'

l"""l\KC······~ , .. ,:, ,: '"::.-,-~'t->",:.-,,d-- -~h-·;- -"",tv ~Cn''Ij'!t"l,b'-~'~': '2""9'-O,"'2-'3:"6-~,

LLVJL . ·1 .lIS a regIs ,.ere c ',: an. I 'I:;' n l.U ll.tl .. er , ' .. ' '.', ,- .. ' .

.,.

"Ti~:"roN".' T''{TFI:::::V:····~E--; 'vpA'D ~,.F:R': 0,"- "'M-,'-: 'S-C-·nAT':;··C:. ·H

_ 'VV~l~ 1I., .I .. ~~, .. r ·.'A.~I~ ,.: .. : ~_~ .~ .

T---'H'E S'~C'--RA' vrc H" 0'-' R---' C'H'" E" So, T-~-----D A, 1"'li'Pfi" d

e' 'i -~ : I", _ .,~ i :~~' ~_ '_:;.~ ~ _. ....: _<,,: _: - __ ' -', ~~ was a ,.wUl, 5 e an

..J!, ', , , .' ' .. ' - - -, ~. ·f' - ~ .' .-.;r,- - --; .,.-:- .'":. ·~11, ,A;'-:nirfli'" tr .",~', -" ,,- ed - ':' '[ ,- ,,-d:

nrverse ,group 10. perrormers m.uuULU..Lf5 . ame . ann

nn,train,eid musicians from various contexts in classical, jazz free-improvised and rock music, ,as

., ,.~. - ,.,. , . '" -'-, ,. . ,. ., .. . , -"'.~. '-"

, - , ,HI . .z.; Q'I 'mixed - m' " e' di·· ' .. ' a and "P" erfo "rm"Ji,'I1'1IIc~ artists

wer ,:as'V1.SU:cu,-',~~'IL..,: :: ... ···,w:a!i ,1,I:JJH! :: 1:!LLIla:.'~'Wif...Ul;')

~who, c~e. togetherin 1969 and formed the central .["0' icus 0' ,f" e ix perimen ta ~ a ctivitv in ~~ 'En, ;1'~-lii'¥l~b'h--' m nusic -rO'F

J,'I .... ~ .. ~ . "',_', ", ". :.·.V~,.IUi,J1.,.I..·., ,., .w, ' ... "'~'VA'[~'l ". r ••• ~. 1 _. ,_.~_l _ ~'.'~~'~' l~· -e

';1 "':." ~'21 ·····,"··1 ,I 'It" "-' -,-.-,:: , _", :t" of :C',-·I·": --- '--'li-i'"'-U: - .:. Card dew's

sevet"dl years .. , " grew QUi .. 0., .' .. OITte,· oS ' .. , .' e. '.

,~ ~,~, n ... .. bri - -'- ~ -, - - ~ th- - - -- " ~ -- aI' ~!t ~"" "tI'~" . '1, , ' f'"

": ". ' ':.,' , 'I· '. .' .. 1: .' . . • f I' I' , ' " '1 " ," ,',- I .. I . I , '. I ,I - -'. " ' . I' ,':' . ,"'," ',' " ..

mrnatrve ill, ' _: nngmg t[og'e,.~ " er an, .' .,[, erna ve po,o. I, [0

'p-:~,er.fo,rmel1'"S dedicated to an onen-ended ap .. mroach

:,., ". _l._ • [_l'~ _,"_l· •• ~.' • _." _'" - .• """. _C' . ' "._.':.:I:'" . , ,

to. musical activity unrestricted 'by' traditional definitio m ~ T-: 'hr ~o":_'u~ho-':u-t-' the 19:-C.;O-'s~1 IC-~ arde -W','-',': 'had

, J.h"n~1JJIL .": k1I ifI!' r'.,,' f)I ,"". ' ' '. _ v.' . U ._. . ~. ,iLLI" ! '. '.' • .. ,

b -",-.~ , :-,,:,,--.-~,,-, --,--_-:hin>,~:--;'~~ for ,- ',typ-' ie- of oerformer who has een scare" .. " g ,1.:1.1f a .. '... ... 0, jpJ,]J_ ,_,' ,=~, '_"__ L __ .

n.~ scap ied a musical education" (which he regarded

esc .... _ __, ~ = ~ _~ _ ru .. ~" ~ ~ I~ _ ~ . __

. . . .

th cli' ad ) d I;; ired -, al

" " ',- " -, l- t1' -, -, v ,-, ""t" -, '-, p ,- ,,-[ !'~ a- co, - - - -" Po -' '":".:Ii '~-"-,- - ~U'-""

[ ::. '",', . .', :,:s -:-, ,:,' '_-," 'I I I ",,_, ' ...... ' ,C-, , ' , ,", -: : -[L:', .a ","';:- ,',,' __ :

en as a ~~_~ .. _,' an,~ag~. an,_ ~~ ~ qUll".. VJS '

education", 'Many' of the origin lru. members came

. . .'. ' ,

- , -

f art 'II· - ~ an': - - - - dr -' t, - - th - - "b-- ~ , '

'~\ L . I . '1', ~ ' •• ' :.['. III' ':. .'" ." I·., 1"'" . '. :' [ '1. ". J ,".' r, "

ro,m ; f .. co eges, (:, were .... Ii, aV1m,:,oge : ,er ,"y ,a,

comnton interest in the work of Cage La1V1onte

c _~:___--,~,---_~,,_-,n .. '-,_--~_ ,-"~" __ ~_'," ',, __ ,~, ,:', ,- __ ~' ',', --_"""",-:,. _~',' -":'-' ,", " ",'

"Y" d th Am '. '. - alist ...

. ',' :,' i','r' : . [::' J I" . ~ ',' ' " . ..!...... .,.,. I···· [' _.... .l . c_', • '. .'_. ,": ,'. .' 'I' ':' , .• ) .' I • '" •. ': '. '. "

, O'llil,g CUll. o' .. .er .. , ", erlCan expenment ... sts, m

f Iorati ith CIs' f -- all "kin' cis d~' th -:

- -, - "'V ,- i., - " a i-"I ~, ,-,' ,-- , ~ -I ''-,~ ";"0- r- ---- ,," ':' o , _- s= -, - ~, ~ ,-, <::l'n -, 'm ,: __ ' e

. i.' . A .' ~: ~ :., U ~, . I, '.' ".. I ' ':'1': I ~' 1, :....:. :: ...., " I' :. .... i1..Jl, II ' . 1 I r . ~, '. .

Dee e~~por~ .. ~on, VVl,~,~ . ~ UJllJ~.~.~. __ ~,~ " .. ~~'= ~ ~~ ~ .~~'=~ ~ ~n

1 f'~ 1 d ica] r

I" . i' . r. ':: ,.'. ~.":', • .'. "," , ".'. '.' "': '1 ' .: .• i ''". " i _, rc ':'.' ~~ :.' l' !, " '.: .,.' . ,. ,r.;.

over ,a:p 0" vrsu ai all" musrc r, aspects O,~

p erformance ~

'T- ---'h' IS': "", t h '-0'- '-'" ch .,h--o -". C",",-,: " des ,J " . .: t

, ".e · .x ·cI"a e.' ·· .... ,'l"e,,·esl.J.-a W,(lS '·,."ar·.·,lcw s grea,:

- ';' n- 1 - ~'-::l,'1i.r1n ,feW dOl ,-C

experiment m eo! ecnve music-makmg, ano rrom

the start all members were encouraged toparticipate

cd foeti ell r" kill' .. '. 'j ...

:':.::'.':""1 :-: , : ' .. " : .:','. (,' . !'··.l~ .. I, .. ;._.' .. :, .. J,., .. ' : '.-.'.;~' .. : I. ':il ::.::; .. ;; i ( .. ,[' .. ; .. ;", .. :._ :. i( :11':.·:.l

on all equ, "ootmg, regar , ess 0 ,g, or preVIom

ex'-'p,.p.n~~:·e' 'n' ,'ii"""'!if'" -T-]'le rep' "e~iIf"II:ry~"'" m''''-"cl··'' iU' 'd' p.·d: CO 'ill I '" 'P'-'O'-'- stL~'o':'nC'

.;' :' .:·.'vl ".' .,1 ,,~~~~ -.. ',' ". ..I. .. '. ;'_' .I, t,v ' ';.' .' [ ' .. \..,.r. , ' ' 1 1'~!l"'J..'" .. · .; ,: "r., 0

b1y- ,- m'i 'e- :m- i -, b~ -er--s ,n,f-~t' e- n-' -u- -- So, ill-: i 'g' 'lll-' 'd' ,P'+-ilP."rI""lfiII~ "t"1;a" "te' 'n' '0' ,t, 'a,'~o" 'n' s

.... ,_ ._l.~ ...... '_:" _'. '._'J .~" _ ~I, IV,_.'J' _ ' .. '~l"". ' .1.: '. _,: ..... :., ._: , ' .. .'v,~·v.A. JL ... ,1...I....I"Wu: .. [:' 1.,1 ... '.'. ' .. 1 U;· ... · _. _ .... ~:

(vierbal, ,grap:hic and mnsical), as w'e'll as mo.re or less .s tru .C'· tureld 'imp-ro'[""; s.'aL~ [0'··.''-11~, ::lln Id'; np-,_:",o~, ,p-~ ,ul. '~:~T r']:,,,"A ~~'S:~l~' f'~'S:: I ~ 'Ito

~. ~_, ~ !!j' .. '. ~ _ ~ ~ _ '_ •• _. '~'. ~ '_ •• ' V. rI..'~ .~ .. ~,IJ.~, ,~~[L .. _. ..' '.';,' .' fLU ~. ~ .. , ~ _

'w'h~"~c"h~ ~v'e"ry'o""ne ,~o~-,'tn-~~b-'·u't' '-d' ,t,~· '4h':~ ~ b- -'-'t '-f- ".1-.. -'~--

: ~J),l ~ .. :,:,I. e. ',:." "",.' _,_'_' ' iIL~; .'n,__:_-,.l..,:,~e:,~ :0 'c,l,e ::CSI o. Ulcrr

abili·' ..,

'-!;ty'"

i I I, I",' ~

F10r tvvo years ,div'erse eurren~ of thOl1ght and activity ooexis'te:d and interacted in peaoefin coop!erati.o,n, lmtil in :1 '97' I tIle ,orchestra 'w'as shaken b1Y"" diCsagr-- .-'··le'-e:m·en!t,t'j ,ab··· .• o':"u' ,t: l~'it-,s-, r':[o~,'l~e- m'·--: ~.'n'Cl-''''e'"ty--.'_." A- 'hi 1'''''I''"j'''·'']:

_".'. _._)~._~ .. ",,_. "[_._._._._~~ ~~ .. ~' .. ' ',' .. "' '. .... IJv··.· '·'~L."." m"u

core. of p,oliJieatlly committed ,me:mlbers~ ,in,clu,dling C ardew 1:]j_n~lselfr; adopted a Maoist: O'utl,o[ok and b'Cg.Wl to! vvrite and, p-erlonn music vvitth a po!llitical n1,essage, in,ten,ded, to, r,ais,e ,aWaF'e:n'es,s, o:f social issues from a M,aI"xist pers,pecliv;e .. ,

[This ,develo'p,ment revealed irrecoln[cileab,le c.ontradictions 'Nithffi, the orchestra and led to a crisis which, spJit it into 'OPI)o-sin,g ~'lexperim,e:ntal~li and '~Ip olitical~! camps; fin1iu:T' fraglilentation, quickly e:nsue:,Ci; 'vvith dissident s,plinter grlOUPS Qln b:ofu si,d,es" Out of th.e- disinte,grati;oJ) of th,e ,Seratch Orc_h;estr.a ne'w ali,grunents and associations. ,arose': the orches'ITa as S'u,ch ,gave its last concerts in 1197' 4; but its irm.ov,attv,e, aD.,d .challenging' ideas h.ave co:ntinued to 'be llrllu,entiai thro'u,gn th,e: 'wolrk of the m,any co,mposers, improvis.ers, "ViSU.al ,artists. and te,ac'hers who p,anicip,atedin'this lD1ique lDolaborattve:

~,

,jZo'x'-'p;'-' - -,- - -,~ - i~ '-" , ,', enmenll.4

iI., • .!' 'ha' '1 P ll'U'C~.".~~[e .,' ','ar'SOD'S

1.

I

Tl~ro·N:···'T!'Y··--··'FI: .'_' VE:··:·' J:. Y'E',A,DS': F;'R" O"Il\·,l··S··:·C·' '·'R.···A··',··l,·"(,;··~IH~'l

-V;Y .JL:j1 ,", ,1 , " . _. "I, " ,.t'l...t.'-r... .. ."", .. ··.l'\. " . "';L,.;I ,-:,._ ,_. -',_.II,', _'

-

. - --

· , ·

., .

35'

: - ..

' ..•. '1

.. I. Ii [ .. .' j

'~ ~

I I

i

· '

: I

: I , ,

, [

:' ! II

Ii!,

i i:

; !

[

i' i

" [

i

[

: Partici t

'! ,: :",' " .... _. ::::'~ s: I' > .... :'_:.":' -'Ii l' \ .....

, . .' :.,[ ,[1··1" ... i·l·

" ... " __ ,' __ ,C e- pan,s

8

[iI' iii,'"

,]

[, :l

, I

I

I

Sera ,: " t· --'C,'· .. h .', Q,' .. ·lir:i'IC·· .he ··_-·S': stra i S·~i[C····'·'O, ',··"r.· " e"'::s"

• : _ ~ .' I •• ··.o·_ ~, "'.", .. ," __ • . _ _ :' .' '. .. . . "._ L -'_",- ",. __ • • __ • • __ • ' _ •

an,d, other material

9",[

.' Wi ..... '-- ...

:
,
i
I , !
: i
i
: ,
,
I
I i
: i
: [ The Scratch Orchestra Remembered

[

[

i,

, ,

I ~ i

[ !

I j

'. ,

"

[ ,

,j

j i

j ,j [

i '

; :

i

"

i

': I:

"

~ l

,

[ "

!

, ,

[

" I:

[ ! :,

i ::

i :

[ "

[ ';

presents

25 Yea rs From Scratch 'Ii(C·--JA-· L: .. - ·-----d' -- .---

J' . a"-'n-'- on

, I.,'" __ ,~ C~'~ __ '_' _ _' , . . __ : ' . .:' ,,'

Sundav 2";'0"'-'" 'NI-,e---,o --em" iber 'I' 9"-'-"'1[9-:4-

"Uj,c_j:_c'-iy~'." '_ -_!:_,iV:~) ~:, .. :,~:"~> ," ,i ,~;_~1" ,, __ ','

,

1 ,~,,: .. :-;Ol:: Christopher Hobbs (p,:ian:o):

Terry J'enni'n"g$::,r Piano Piece No. 1 (19!6:5)::: 'WhI~er Trees,

~Tm~'Jenni,,&.r' was an almost IfJXU&lg' co" '~~:r':l;o~a'ry!oJ Comslius Ca~dew, aMd it; :WQS ,C4~dt1w who ,first' intr:CUiUCf(l me If} ,kis music, ,in, tIu:' late' 1001:. 'J4lintw '1"'65' is la {ypt~cal!7' gentle} i:mprovisat(rry pMce~

Christoph e 'r:, 'M, - lobbs: P reludes _

_ _ ~_g'_l'_'::"_1 . l Jr. ~'I!' l_~l_~ ll" '.,~ __ ,~~~

1~il.ltse ,si:t' Prel'udef ,Otf'1fif),m, a set rd'2I'4~ in, [(j'll 'Ike rnq/g,'

ami minor ksy,''i whick 1 UirQ'tiJ itt 191 "',~ ,In, e/IJJ' S'~~~6j ,thtJ

tiilesJ Oltt placed /~:'" i~;Iil! ,{J,:"r'i~' ;/j'f:' ';~, 'i' ~~ji'iE' "";0:1'," '. ?,",,' ',-:-' -- _~'l!OiiU w6\- ,fi.',~f;I' '~'fiUl" tW' ;fi..~,;!;.,~.' .' .:~';,.,li ;,Ji!;tilf""

,XlI',Ab mqior' (The Bei'lls)~

,lT1' rs :1--: 'w:a~;~'~r, a"~--';,n"77' l':47~'~:r',"Y~;

lA IV la·(J [",~'~~~",~v~ .r'. ~~ [,.~,[~~~:.r' Iii!

',_', _. .. "

,XlII G mt90,r ~>-~ Amus~~t

XVIII ,8 ~tJ" {lAwc;" -'. 9101 ,n' ,/iW mc:jfJr (Harmomes),~ XXII,D' r:nt1j7or (Lo'OJfIW,ti(Jn)., «: H''.'7 J.:

[ ~'ii! _~_.[~l.'.·

, - ,

'!I'l' J!

T\VENT'Y,FI.VE YE,t\RS FR,OiM 8 CIU\,'f c I-I

-.. - - -----

2 ,OO~ Takehisa Kosuzi: Organic Music,

. ~ of. - - - --- ~~ ~ ~ ~ - - ~]"~ itl " e :~l - I - -~~ ~ -=-. ~

~'IO ,l........... b th' + ., d l l fi it T.

[ : rCrUJ.J tra orea: - :{J;'S t:rl. unison art .:f~OW9I,O,,', Ol.R.J$,ng

the rh:.ytkm, indicated by conductor. Breathing is done

th. roush. [' - .- ~~,,~, ,:',' "~c"d"", 4-.,' " +"",' ':-#-h"'" ,t: , ,foug."ong ,/UD es or unn "1,."115 truments un"~i au _

LL ~ "1

mouthpzeces. ' "

Parti .. , "E ~ - ~ , - £" -- , - , -£- ,- ,- , -, , , '~ th '

','; l ,-' " .." ,]' " I J' : I .' 1 I -[ : J " l ~:! L • - ',. _ I' ,

'" ,- Clp,a,-o,ry per Q,ffi1,OO1Ce tor anYOI1l,e VI/l,, __ ,:_ a

b · d i

,,-, " :r " m - ';11 -, -, '" ,

, ]"" J - • .._ 1 ',: Jl" ',[ [ - ~ I

ill, e. 0 .. :, VV1 __ ,~ instrument.

2~ 15~ Stefan Szczelkun: SelfBIUlild,~

Perf o rmance co-ordinated by Stlffan Si.x;z,elkun~

2~2:5: ,Edges:

Robert Coleridge: Devil's Bellows,

Thispiece takes its namefrem. a h'ighly unstable stretch 'w the Dorset coast, famn,us for its,ftequent and often. spectacular lands lips., It' 'is scored .~fof' tao ,groups 0/ musicians, one playing' percussioe sounds and p}roviding a continuum througlwu~, against :which the' other group (co.nsisting oj:" :mainly wind £mtrumentalists) p,lay,. 'The'

piece prcfo'i'des a simple structure for' controlled imprvvisation,.

Cornelius Cardew: Memories OfY01],.,

Alihoush. th . ."';;(';; sdescribedas ,a,"p' ·.17,n'it1n ,~,~ TO· :J.L,~,'"i~~ strumeni

, .... (.:1 ~~·i. . .. !kJ WI [u.~J'!lIt ~ '. [[I ,~ " :'," !VUrlbV J v.,~' J Ute t.-J[[J ,~.l ~1l.,.U I i!;I€..,J~

its~lf is twit-played in, any cottoentumai smse, but rather ,provides a focus around 'wh,ich smaller more discreet sounds can he made. The score notates preciselY where exactl;p these sounds shouldlbe made ~in relation. to a grand piano" and the sound 'making objects :JtJ&gested (as" examples) by Cardeto imp,ty a deliberate impoverishment rifm£d;n5~+ comb, glass ashtra», matchbox.plastic lid [&c~ TIw pia-rta i't.selfsimply resonates as a 'body; in relation to the actions made ,~~ these objects on it, around it and' on, or above the fl()()r:~pac-e- irn:mediately' surrourvling i't~

Christian Wolff Edges,

,.-.n:.. d. fr 19 £~9- ~~J d. . ~.f' ',1.lZlS <ales .. ,om ,:, -,"'u,__,; ,aTU(.' ,,'TauJS' (lU a vanery fb··

'notational means exploited'in earlier toorks but here taken to an, extreme qf ~p'(m:n.es£'~ 'The performers each, have a copy r/-·the score which ,sj}lati'alfy presents" indicatioruJor some approaches to sound eoenis (L e. spaced, hu~nfY) level, intncat~) dirty:, &~) ~ These are to be' seen, as l~mits (liternl§y the- 'edges' rtf the title), altho.ugh, th~y are not necessarily what a,player plays~ The score can be 'read £n, pl()jitive' or negative, in, that these limits can, either he

played' (tko,ugh, only once in, a ft13iforma:nc.e), this 1{]U'rally

demarcatms them ~ or ,it can. be seen more as a mal)

'~, ~~~ ~

zoJurreb)p the ployers negotiate for themseloes routes and

orientations between, the signs pre,s-ented in the ,J'C(}~e), ai'il)ro,aching'l but not ,exJJloitit):,G the notated' sisms. (Dtwid

rl' 'to, r ''''0 Q'

19un)

The group Edges was formed in 1984 after the Almeida

Festival com"'pl.ete I;erfbrman,ot of Cardew's The Great Learning, Its members consisted, of a small group' of musicians,

COTI],:posers and visual artists all intere sted in aspects of experimental music that Iay somewhere between

~ ~ if':; d ~1 ~ 'T' "h k- t~t}- A ..

:rmproVlSa'luon anc com,'pOS1]On., i~ ne wors en, __ ,_lle Amencan

comp,osler- Christian Wolffwas central to the enterpris e and, the wh ole etho s en] bo,dj,ed,:in hi s earlier scores fonn,ed the basis. of experime n ts with group improvisation and collaboration" Edges p'erfor-.m,e,d. pieces by varsous experimental, composers :m,cl uding '\,1 olff's Burdo cks, 'e age'~s Atlas Eclipticalis, 'C ardew's Octet 61, as well as 'works. by Ichiyanagi, Brown, Rzewski and others.

<

Edges: Robert Coleridge, piano; Sarah Goldfarb, flute;

Martin 'Harris on, percussion found obj ects; Agathe Kaehr,

fl 'p- ~, .. ] Ki-'~ b ~ raj} 'R' 'I ~

ute; r aur r rrt y" \ilo~]_n, "-'I:to s.ax,op~-lone:; :~ _0,51.3 ,___;!,Oll,.alne,

violin, sopr3ll0 saxophone; Katherine :Pluygers.~ oboe, cor

~, ,~, 'D' -, 'id I -R~ U' - -~ pe -cuss .. or i~~Y ~ '" d ob ~e~ts~']~" -~ '" -t 8lll&-m:s; , ' a\l]!:, j au" _ 'f __ -l,~"-:",,}:_ fi'l' c tun ,'~ 'i) ~Jj , c,':, c__,anJIlJ~ ~~

2 5 5 'l\fi~ cl ]' C"Ilh (p .. )

_ '. -:', i: 1.'41' 'i c lLael" : :~,: iant •• piano '::

Michael Chant: Characteristic Prelude: The

'M' .' '4.1;.-..,- fth Y , ,; '(' l'g-,' 182-':'\

,_'jO,n,iU"lS 0" tne ear ,!, I~--J~

,3~ 10: Howard Skempton (accordion): r 'W·· .• · /eddinz Tur ,(- '1' 9-:8'- 19),

_ ,_: e _,:UU,lg ,une.". '.,,:J_,.,

Summer Waltz (11975). Something of all Occasion (] 9'86}. October Dance (11983).

Ad~ ,t D' , m "';, - '(-1- 9'7:5')'

, : i,a s, 'aJ-,==ce, c, v , - ,"

Cakes and ,Me (198,4");.,

.., ,

Twin Set (19a4)~

Small Change (1 985)~ One fo r the 'R'! oad -', '( 1 9' '1'7[6"),

_".' J. [.' _ill: ,- 1,.1 [ " ~~ ': ~ L~. i 1,-, ': •• : ,_".'

All pieces by' 5Kemp:ton excep: October Dance [~Michael P. 'arsons},

4

Tk' ,:~~ :i,_ , ,'~ ,, __ ~;J'~~' ~ }:-,'9'" ;8"i"fi-' - " ' - ~_,~ '1 ~h'l.,""",~ ,c_, 1,ii.,L,~ " .' " cts ,wa.r locrlt!:t<6n m :',' ' _ : ,_' ~r any s:ax.0rlW,n,e l(j,r (),UWT

'reed' ins,tru:ment, ,or' seoeral sQ:ittophones ond (or) reid imt1u:ln£nts~, It is in .the. 'fe'1m ,oj:' a series Qrfft"" ,~:w;(J 'lJariations

.r: {J o .,

on. flu: ,j''()ng ~"Wasn 't :that a: ,tiUu,t wlzit1z Lee; ,Hayles wrote

,for the Weavers in the 1,9 4,0:s~

1\ .{,:: ~1L. ael p~ 1'"=Ii rson , ; '!ti'" N'~n; ~,f!: M:' ,,~.'r: c--: .. p,

!'vnJCJ. t. :_ ~ ~ 1 = ~ IjJt . r , , ~~~, ~ [~~ l',Vlil ,L. ;Ud .~,[. ;tv I!!]

"'\t"~N:-,' TY, '~VE" :'_''t~_,A ']O:~ ~' 'OM' --',S~ '0' :p ,;!\ 'T:- >C',-'Hi--T

=1J '~"¥L= __ '_' .1:',1. _ I ,.1[n~,r-~ __ ~ ... ~ _ ,_~, . _' J I

4~,2;O: Dave Smith (p,:iano), 'Mth Pawlina Bednarczyk (\/lo:ic,e)Jolm Tilbury (speaker):

PianoMusic Composed/Transcribedby Dave Smith, interspersed 'with Four Songs of Protest" ~

D~,'V-- 'e S~,· ~,~,;:,~l,., ,", C~'O' m~ elin ", :~I (,~ l~l 918-- 15' - ,)~ ,

~ 1 .JIj,1; JiJ1 U,ln~, __ '_"!L ~n, :_,ill "" . "_~ '/ ~

.A, fJil;ujte 1/),QScd' ,o,n a'R, ulfrangemlJRt 0/' two .ro'ngs' lJ!J' Cornelius Carde» (n'We ,Singfl!r the' ,FutuTet.~' and t;'T/u

Pa~'''s Firs~" ~GrJrtgr:esstl) .,p,ffIjOrm.ed' at the memorial concert' qfM'ay' 19i82,~

Revohnion is the IV: ain Trend in the 'Wo',ri,d Today (19'7'51)~,

A traLnscrijxtiou (la, CardeuJ'song c:(lInjJasI6dfor' flu; rock band ~~~ ifJler ,libcratio,n, Musi« .

:·N,annn, 'Yo:n,g'W:oni, Gndae 'Y,e ,A, Dul r/~,le 'Will

bile the Sons of the Fatherland Forever),

A PCQtriOl,t~~c song t.lJrltten, ,dwn1tg the' KO~rdan us»:

"The Women of the Wo,:rkin,g Class,",

A, ;'U)(j,WM:n '.:r" sl~'Rg',wriitm, ,by MalFimh in. support' IrfftiuJ

-e- ~ ,-""":,l.,"", 'iF 19- 8- '4 5

mmd $' S,t,.,~ ''0 ;: ' __ ,'~~ :~, ~ "

A~ Nation '0- :n"I~~ Azain (}: 919,2-0;)1

. . .,.~ . ~ IV, I., r ",~t~" _~~~J~ L"l~'- __ .: [~'_J.'1l

Based on, tuio traditional tunes tmtitled' f"KCi;m ,Barry ": he- toas an, 1,B'7ear' old l~o;,nged' in, 19'210 tdto became the national symbol,rif martyred ),(Juik

*Ro, ,j;~,itn Dubh ,11\4:' ,'.: Dark R sale n)

~- - ~.;J • u_ __ \",;I;Y~y ,OS, ee __ " ". ~

An, ,alleg;rnicQl' ,p,atn~(J,tic' song~, $:,Q'n'ly IOfU:r Rivers,

A song ,oj,Irish .li'ber{fti(Jn~

I F'lought a 'Monster Today (1. 19,84)~, (T,e:xt:: '8,o'b,'}t

Sands), "

,Boh,by' ~Sands was elsE.,t~d AlP,fir Ferlrlo/nagn and ,S~ulh Tyrone' ,while on lutngcr strike in, 1981' ~ The musical :s:et:ting is based on ta» ,so.'~g;s~.;, "The Freedom

V:'" L'if ," - - 1. B- - .\'j JI ,:r'1'= ;I ded ,l

;[ '~gf,ter~ -J' Ulfttten vy s: \a~ ,l'riti. ~'()ogtl£' asa '1!'C01TatA r, I~

TIu jJdm ofNo Aoperp on, ,an '{l~b,um tmtifled. "'Eng.-

t d'i' ']i'1"" U' -...,...:1' ~ ,.:II' ~'fH- B 1'~. .l~ C'" ~II ~,

,€-an~_:,'-,S ,ielnam,')7 Oita: .ji"e,olW,~j "',J, :=',',' 'M}C1C: ~iO,ng'-', wrlt-,

ten and recorded hy Francie Brol!!p on a recordt casseiie

.. 'l' d uH' B' - ,~ "

·~:I:"J't,:'"a,,:, "-,' .... i, ,l~,rk-""'-

~If,~'~~.rj-~"~_' '. ~ [' r [W~',_l_. .~

5,

T,tAT]I]IN' TOy .. "FIj !VE· [:~ '\l"l4" .,/\ US": F· R, " 0: 'M:' S' ',C: IU' A.T·· ~ "C" if.Jr

'~.lLi -e- ,', ' I',' ,I . J .,1 ..IL:.I.i'1l"'-. .. '. . ". _ '~; ',= . _" _ ~J~~ _oj • ~ ~ -Jl.

the third P'~ ieee the rhsthmio structures fir 7~1l.,~,rO~{1.i9 --,,'. ". • ." '') '.'.' ··':'r ." ..... ,. J I~"~ "9 Jv1lJL U~(;.o'13

'This is organised on a rhytkmic structure qf 5~" 2 ~~'1 i~ 21~~3:

('1 Q 10 b .,) ('D A)

i » x,jarsi~' ~,A. :,' .. ,:

Howard Skempton: Swedish Caprice (19193);

jf~I'~'· ' .. '.- H" '~,L<l .,~ d D'" ." .. ,: . ("1' 19"7"O')"~' R·· ~ ba (:'1: .9'7"'3.1')'-

. wo ' __ ,',lgJ,uOO1:., .,,'aJllces .. i, .... '. ,,' :, UIll,i a,. ,; ,', ..... r:

5 3',' '-0" 'if 0', 7'· '.' Oi:OiP" ,m'~' in ter .... ial.

. .,'.". Ii, '.' ........,' __ :. " 1 ~ ito,· Ii,." v . '" ..

7,.,0'10: Th.e ,Et Cetera ensemble:

Howard Skempton: Two Melodies (1919',4) for trombone and string' quartet, Written~'.ofor- the Es Cetera ensemble and first p'eiformed earlier thisyear.

Mori ison/Opit: VI···· ill ,_ piano quart .et '('1, 9119:4',).

~ ~.~ . . .. .. . .. ". .' 'w.It.'I' . "w. .' 'w~ ••••• '... ~~.. ••••..... '.". I . ww .... '.

Like all Morison/ Opit tootks, VII'~ pifJlio quartet' consists of two compositions play,ed simultaneous!y'., In this 'instance, one cfll1?Poser has mtten a ,piecefor-piano) violin, oiola and cello, wh'ile the' other has produc:ed a score requirng' the same musicians to 'pla:y' radios, hum and sing, (JCicording' to sp.edfic~instruct:iorrs~ -

J1!e do not' do molence to these distinct contributio.ns byl

forcing them, into one ex.presJive unit, no« is t/u:re,jor- that matter any kind of intentional discourse between them. Instead the composers hop,e' sz1np1y to provide an: larena, err 'environment' in, which these sounds can CtJ'-,exist'lfor no

P,PY·ho. ~'~'.n,~l_,~, ,~,L_~ to .~:p" ,~'OFJ,i""'~ 4.1:"'e: p'JIJa· C'1}<r.o ,A?/.· .. -tl.·...,._.,~r· ,~·£l r .. ~l~, V,U~tr;,.r1 UW,it.- .U' ~".~ Ctl ~"'~II¥ WI .. - .~ ,~-fl;j" _ ;I~tl Co- v' lJ.·Wt_

LJ ~ .:

mingling~ TIte,piece is ,30 minutes long a.nd is dedicated

,+~ Ir'L~,('tian 'rA1nlr+F' in, }l'1~'(" i6··'O··:,th,',,;I;rt.~.!.,4:fpuy,~,oa:'r l'C)_ l.i\jA I

~v vf"t, N __ w __ w [FIt" v,~tJ w' w w. W .. " ()~ ,J."·W~ w • {!",w" ~ ,rD';e, :V.l .....

S~'O.)

,.Jlohn White: S:crate.h, iC:ha'nt (1994) for

t']'''om''''bo'ne an'" d s·"tnn~·'a q'U' . an· "'e" ·t'

w ',[ • ',' ,,: ,,:, ~ _ ! i :-- ,,: .. ,: _ : ~ :.": 'b [w,~ '_. • - : i _". '_'.- :_. ~

rn';'c-p';'dCfJ C',;(a1'Yi~; ;('" -CV:'nnod" £lr: .~.t.".. o'·cc·/j NAn'l..ry' .. ~~ ... '" r;~1 4:C" ....

.1 ftw .. :!:i'!;o- ~) ,VUUI&.WJ !li"V,i!'.~"Jlf'J Ut£ '., !IAi;J,£,V:, ,f) ." W:U: .J.......lIV..l :

UJiti1fo'MS mLlde available by t/u;' ,Lo,n.tiort ArtS' ,Boar:d, is a se.t qf~ v'ariatio.rls on a rh;pthrllcic sc1zelrw~~

2~ 3;. 41, 5; 6: 7,; 8), 9

3" 2,: 5): '4" 7, 6, 9) 8 etc~

arui-infac,ttuas lVlittenfor tile ,Et Cetera enJernble~ In ,.jo.r.ul m£nWry qf Cornelius Cardw, The ,Scralcll, O-rches~, t:ra; and· early peiformanx:eS' qf Lalvionte Yo.ung"s Dieath, Gflmlt a:W)

T,he Et Cetera ensemble was fb'illHi'edin 11992 by Sim,on 0r[[t and, 'Bien Mo:rison~ It is de-dicaite,d[ to the p,~rlo.rman,ce; ofth:eir w"ork, and lnilLlsic by [)Ith'ef' exp-erim,eJltai co,mpose rs~ E:t C,etera nla,d~e: :its radio de.but, playing :Mo.rison / 0T"it, on. BBe ,Radio ,3"June 10tll19~94'~ ItS cote lin'e='up is tron)bone

t

,and string quan:e't~, often 'vv-ith, kerb oards.::, Dan H,evvs.on,

tro.lllbon,e; ,Ben 'Mo:rison.,l pian,a; Simon 'O:pit, guitar; Claire Roff; violin I;, C,ailierin,e: M'organ, 'violin [I;, 'Peter SU]s')rl,~ viola; ,Z ore Martle",;r, eello ~

7,.,510: Redlands. Co,nslort:

Hr.'· .' h'-; ~Sl,'h"" ". [ ~ I 'el':~ 2··· 'C:"· t I :;~' I : ('1: 9'9.12")'

, D,g. o ... ~"rapq ... __ ,~ .... .anons", ..... ·. '~

Part of ,a set if 7 can-om .. /or 2 ,p'ertussion. p'layers

..

. .' ',"'ff~ J.\ .,rt:~ ,', A'l··I'·:'· .. I " .. d iI.!" ~:.nr+;;," Py" ':'~"LJ' /;!- 1'/;"'·'::" '1:1"; urrt("~"'J 10 r I-:J1JRJ)rt ::~ '., Btl: an - 1. Y1.la.l' bul,.· .' 'rNJ or tnetr g:{(}'Up

fn ~' .z: ...... " , ...... .1 rl d:'~ d to ihe ~J"'l.-, van1frefOUS- iatcnen ana dedscate: to the :'memory. I 0: tonn

.~ .. C ' •• '.

G' __ .' ~ .~, E' .C .. -' . h" _.... . ;o_hl:' '. 'd~;;:-Ih ent 1:.. t.: J "J,E L, , ",L_.__

, age., . " aa, r canon ,ex): ores a 1.'::0 ereu sma 0 rnyuufl .. ,

IH.' 'S'--)"

'l'~ .:~~I.~,:

H' gl S"h 'l~ 'T'-'''' (19'92') f fhn

,U,'~~"l : ... ,I··,r,ap,ne:,,: " 'Il,OOU'ena" 1 ••• ", ••••• " :,01"' nute,

iol d ib ~ h- - - .

= -: l • ,'.' [ • ','., • i' ,- I 1'1 ' I ',J

VI 0, , a"ml_ , Vl ... rap~,,"one~

'W'T~/H' fl' th" , R· sdl ,~,J ,rr, . ....-4- ''T1.. t: ,;.~"tl·.' ~ .~r.. "" .':

. . nllben ' or ".(j ..' ea'fUf,,_f LA)nsO.l :&~ ,J..fW &l,' e ts an.

"" d ~'Ll' ~ ...."jl:,i!:.~,

trn.a.gznary toora POSJ:1Q.9' :Jugges,t:t~' a. remote 'MY UWl n

,~ thefi lk l"ke ha if if the

countr» - a I to .', ',:t1. =bk« :r:' aracier ,oil" "I'·:~'O'r.I',:.,c

!V'V .. ,..~~~ ~ _ .e _ .u·.. .. v "'~ ~,. .\' I~tt;.l ~J.. J. V~',f~' ~ ....

, . ·1' J_.." r • 'f ~ ,z- Th" ~. 't .~f"l+,~"L - t' ~t~l' ,:0£ '- tc a: .e-j-:;-' \~ -,fl.-- ~·t

me (}c.tu::: maieruu. .. " ,e trt l!l YW 1··.-6 T~l eTJ . o Ute . saa uta

\~,~',t:>Y"D' a' re three ,~~.H c~'''''''''''''''''''''I.,*" ... ,~,---:,",J' th. -rOE ,J..L ........ '~ ~r" a. ~ fie rst ,~/'~', ... "~" "",:,~, l.n,J 1.'-1 UI.fWnb.} ,UTW '. " &;-.'0 YWfU .. i5J,) tfW .: ,I,,J .

recumne in sClleral,diHerent suises. (,H~ S.).':

r ':'6, .!:1J c. 6'''"'''" . .'

Francesca Hartley: Moments of Blue (199'4)~

"""Th" ':. .' .. ." fl' b ..,~,r .-I.,L, R'" I d'l' ........ ..1..... r=

.. ' '1S was umiten tor mmtcrs:f!J U,lL ", .. e uanas iJ.__!Ort-

l' .. dfi':' .. bac tromboneand t. fl'

sort. t 'z.£, score .... . or manmoa, trombone arm ,D ass ute,

and emp,loy,'s some extended techniques in the unnd parts, and in, the case of the marimba. a certain. amount ()~F

a ,o! ,a

':rl ";.;h~',' ~~:+':~~., , ·Th,···· 'po ~·'~h . i> . . ~ t: ., ,.:,.d ... ,.~ .' 41;, ... .",-1-. ,;..;. ,

r r~i"arab'[.()n. . net teet: eJCt",enmen,_.;f. unm {){}Il"U: imuasum

an Jl.l"~~,J~~~··, ..nt· " 'mstrumental ,~~L..,,~',r ~U··;:·>~ us aim 'Yinn,,,· to

na (J···fJ1Ul!wt..;· ~/'. [~-t:~_11'~-~U."·[~""'t.:~~.·_·., l;-&li(,[IfpO[I{i[~ laUl [~tJ ~~'::r: ,L.-LtUJ' "Il,I-'

.' -.

. ',.1- . .' od . '"'l,r . :0:1'1' : 'l:r..~. '. ll:?·}i ~l·)

crease a, moo :' f!J T?) tee tum: (-1:" '.', ' ,1, ''':

H= I I" h"· IS"'i1h' , . ',' .;m .. '0' 11, ..... 'l .. ll.", :S··~:,"~-·,. , .. ,". r(' ] :g""'7--:'::/1)"

.D,g = k>."~.,rapn"e~L.,.£UU.ey{ree[, ,~".' :"I~

"71:, -e- p" ~ ,', t·} ~,.J.J' fi··· ' I';" D ...................... _;}

.1 ms .,' ieee was O~1la£1l umuenpn me r romenaae

"n ~. "f,. Oren .~&" ,~J'p"'l' . .J . ji~" :j;. .. ,.p,,~ ... . T-i""~'~. s neatre · irrates» 'a ana t ,::a,1Jt:u on ~I: o,ur ,~tJ~ pumas, 1 (.. ,WQj

. ,:/- ~~. ,:;/ .

fir.·ct·.·p;~()': rmed at a I Ct:rr.rri:r1j! Orchestra '~'M'j·,~:J at 'A'" 'lexandra . J ". 'C/'~_l!L iI' J'"-t-Il:r'U,, ', "1I-.)1il:,.J {,.{cbl.-/l? ··.·.1 ~l~li, 11~~ ~v~liid .. ,u;. .. : I •• ~. J,"{_, ,I' II;..if.,

. .

'D/tl'a--r,o 4~~ ~l~"o' .c-1',t'»')1!?'101" (IJ,fj:;' 9',·: 7", :'}' '17;,~ "i"';;:~;r.fl I.r""n','t'l;l.~ l':;~~~~ ·~d···'

r ~. lo"{;i" !V,I',~ Y t.r&- J (lW U . ./, ,K;<{ 'Y.l .... ,'.' .J.. f If.I: J'7,r;.il;lr,."iJ [r'u-n, t)lr:;.. ': ,(, Ifi..QW.

;. ha:' , .' . "t.ka·· 't; 'fix' ·i': ha':· . "' .. P" ,~ '" ~ ~.~ " . ~ 'th··

to a c. ... ' C(}rl.$U 'l,trJ.I " ..... a ,. ",iff',' .. ",1 ,~,;(1I",~"i!'C" c,'Wiq:~.G'(·Nfl~ - .,E)

" ". '_ , , ::' ". J_.,.", . ..'~ ,~"'L-' :.' '.": : , :: . l.!fJ.':; J • " ~ , ',,- ,"-llitY-lr~ .'1 : I lVb ~j [[:P..J.'JI ~v"'" " " c;r

'~. if·~ h't '

S1X (lSC,trtg fUJtes tl ~::'e :c;O':.'o/e ,trJfl£ scale ,_, o'ccur-s

th' ''''-flIug.' ,1.- ""{N 'Jl T.t·· t,.i'i it" a .t e·'l,':l.'_, -l'~~ l~'J'r 'l~'A'iY. '"iE'.rfEYr. J~ ~'i9 t··:.tO t..: t) f) ~:'"C:i'U'

, tv., UAIr,,,,,~~, jU ['-tw, ,', 0", ,- (..../UJ (',rl ~:i" (kl,. ~(;;-i" u* . ~.l :.fu.. ,~/"" ,~), '=

fant rel1letii:ions atld' tiM' p ... r~edf!1fninant~ orr m£l10r 2'ndJ

'~' •. :,.", .,.",]:" ":,,, .:" '.' ', ... 1, ".' :'.:.' .. ··:tJ' ::····::l·:'·· .,' ..... J

4 Jot.. ,~ 'nd'" 5' 4.1· . I'U C"')I . UlJ a ,: uti. ,~1..l ~ ~j~

C· h· , .-~ 'u'":' 'W":"':' ~ ·lffj" "'i' 'Ti 'il'_' lb:" . --:' III'

,- " ,',' I' ! I I I",

"TIS all .. '.' o, .... ,~,. : ', U]~, , , '.

,;f.'

r/T"L,'1~ (" ~ .. , .. a> ,,~ a''l'"lra.,·t1:gmm~'-.' '~.- .. c .. ~ t·· 'YVl'.nd····;i) b'.ry':' Q;'~·m·~· .•. ',.(ii~ A·Il,.l,··~fi;();r.· th,· '·e

J ElbaJ: t-.J j!'~., ~' I I '.r~. "., . .t f.'~', ,!C/. l.,)r(.;J", .V"'t-, '_'. _.~,.'~ r I~J', I_

I ' • ~ , ' .. '

l~,edlands '(/OflSOri,qf077£ ?:fa, series . rifp ia:n 0 pieces umtten

.by Wo!iJfor John, Ti.lh-uryjiJr the la,tier's series oj~'VQlo ~S()l() t C,()'nCt:riJ in 19 7.0 ~ (H S~)

Martin. Pyne: Op,en, (19'9i2:).,

;'Op 1" Ii' ~ "'.l,+" ",;,/, h ~

'::;'cr{ 'is a tOeci:uxfl q;' l)aTlOUS ':JPle5 f!J" sc(rre.~ grap 1C,

text and cOfWentional lWltation, for a'!-Y: comhinaltion rf instruments:, alt:hough it is percussuJrl, based. A pmjOml'alu;e nuzy consist ,([{'anyl pages from the score arranged in ,any order~ It is, ,ded£cated to ,Sim~()n Allen~ (M.,P~)

R,o'bert C,oleridge::: CuttUlg 3 (1994).

This piece is ,the' third in, a series qj~,three~ ~eas' the

first taJo ! cuttings' tlre -intimate arul ,ryrical-in· quality:i the

<j.,l.';'.rd"· ':" r··"l n ce· d'" ...-.n a ¥Oi"" ~,t· P" 'IJ~e'r.;L)ji· -~,.yP' da' fln J~ ..... t' .ot1-:h.,~t,I"pd' "~, 4ad· .... :

Wt~ll:_' ~ ,U'~ •. Jr_, ~'_' !lJ"~ :',: ,. !CIL--,~~"b· !!? lJ'ILf-, UI' ';, ~'~ -",v UJ..tt:1:-- ~,..~~". ~l;It ~ ltVj.(~,~,

. :_J ' '

Dash:; is predominantly extrov,erI; ,and' en~g(3,tic i' (K c.~)

'T:he R-edllands (jon:sort was. founded in Tvlarch 1992 by 'Si_-_mon ,\lJen, !v.ficha~lli Nlevvman, .and :Hugh S'hra'pnel~ ,As its

~- 1- "~ 'f .~'~ ',!, '"' l~ f ,.....if:

n,a[n,e:nn.p J.es, Itu~ -8;, 'co~~,e:cbve' - avarying,poo Q I pe:l"JlOrm,e:rs

"',~'~.:::. ,. d ;, al~ ~ .~,1 '2" 0,l:.L. C1

s'peCla.usm_g ill, ll,ew an _. e.xper]Jllentr ,m.us:u~"~ a.J~O " ,.: .U,JIj,' 'e,n~

]:,llint elassics,,~, fo~k ,m:usie and, Elizabetl~Hln m,usic.~ 'ReJ~,ent

~,J ~

concerts 'have includ,ed tvvo oonce:rn ofC,~e (atth,e ICon,wa.y

C' U

'-,:' -- ... 1~11 - -- em - " .'~ -- 1:-. .. ", R-- , b ' " '0--- ii - .: .. ..:iI[ - 'Fe ',-.- '-1'[ - -, " H,-'- .. , ... " ..... :t ,"

'_ " ,(;U,':) a:ni~, mUS1,C, WJ'Y-_O: ': en, \_, 'Oll,ien~uge:) , 'r,an,·ees:c:a :.~-_ .~UIJ1.!e'Y,)

lj., 6~, .... ;t., c- - i-]I 'p" - !' ,',', -j ',I M- \'.' '''ll''~~_ ~-"1'Ii[,: _ 'H-:" "lill' - :,L '~:'h,-: !'r~'\'li'nn- i~11 "'ll nd : J: :'o,'b-- I'D l:VJJ.W.'iUJ,..Il,ii:U:,l, , .' al'"SO,WS; ",.~,!~~,~, l'u,c, " WIl~,!I, ~=~'~r' '. ,UA., ~J,'~_'_" "LG.'C'

Wm-·

~(f4'""",

" ,~+.,

:8 .. 4[0:: combined instrumental groups:

Burdo ,"",,:1~,S- (:, c '~h~ ristian 'W'OIJffi

. ' '~~' l~.'_l,'~ IlX": \ _-~·"l. __ ~ ,_~iJl~J~J,Jj.l j." ,jJ.:I .. .Ji.J~1

; D ,..]' ,1'..., ... t '.' 1" ~, 1.1 '"' .,., i'lJrl"

j : 'Burdoeks 'IS a 11Ui~:'t~,"'[msem[},~e pier;:e' constSting OJ;' ten

sections, whick; may b,e,pr:esmt(fd infoll t)r' itl.~p,art, 'in, ,a~' order OT tomoirw;f:iotL, It was tmitkat m 19',7:0= 71ftr The ,Ser:atr:h, [~ diestra, whi ,trJgether with other "l1ia:tefl grozif?$ including Gentle Fire:, Intermodulaiion, Mouth ,oj' Hermes, ,A1\ilVIr{lrt¢,PT O,rcnulr:a, ,g(U)[t tltefi;st British lJttiftHmt:ln.ce in a t;~ncerl' ,F-e5ift.1lled ;~y Music' ,NiJw ';;n ,Lomlo,R, ,on, 2'1JI cMa1.c'h J9i72i,~

f D ,.1 ,1:.. .... 1' <;, iij,~d·~ .. .fJh .L.:'~, ,.J __ 'ti'I" ~

'nU"tiOCItS-'· uses a Vtl"'tv OJ' - : "w[ermt lii&tUti' f/J'- ttotaftOf't,

IlXpm1nmtal' !~"1Jn(),mti'()n.alJ[ oerbal [and di~amrnari'i' It is irl«tltp ~wit'ed to a ,larlie land dW'fJTstl QS$rtmlb[}»' fit" ptm:fiJ~$ using n, wide -ranB}e f!!'trutrumimfs,[ skills and ·~~:~.nu-',~r.o~' ~ 'Th~~i-:'-O~';~"~'~'~~-~:#l~~-' c~a-:-l'~'l' fi~~ir,- ~\<:~._,~~e_:'~t'JJn· and

I ~U. ,II tr~'", 'l:_' ~ !~,,~'bl'"~'i~~VI~ ..... ~ .. [ , .. -', ., ~,~[ _' ...

.. ~' .

in:am.finl~S allo:w!'lu ,t.h.e h, 'ormer scobe fi,/or' I~m'a

[" ~. ' . ~ - -e I ~ ••• J " ~ - ~ - ~ r l~ • • • r i.. - ~ - ~ .. - IJ4Ir- [I. ~" ~r'··

emled intmpretatirlrt ,uriht ·offering' ~u:nlimited liCitm&& .It,

is ant' of 'IhI' most challenging' and stimulating ~arnplles rif -i:tuiet~rminat~' music, requ£ring attenti:o[~' list:ming~ ''lesponsi~mess and 'r~ptJ,rt.SibiiiPY.J: [hlotn ir-uliv,idual ,a:rui ,collective, and l)r(JlJid~ a.firu' balance oj-,lisciprfine and

fteetlfJm~

There flllo,ws a briif dest'rlption qf tach, of the ,ten sections:

I, Five ,eumjtf),rumJparts, each dealing uith aspects g'

pitch) ~phrasing~, oolume, melo,cfy" timing' (:fUseS' anti'

d' - t - - - . ~~ - tyro, (j -orta"."tons, . OJ

2. Two sequences I9I'[co'-1ordi'l!ated ,!j'-paTt attacks. ~

,3., 'Eac_Jt,pc.~--er~· aho"t 511 soasds, tlack one

drfi':·~';;,:~~,~ .!J:" ~.·~'O' w r I 1i'Ili~'-J [ t

i~l'/:."D~ ~,"'I~~ ~JI~ rrJ.,~I"I~'· .~' J: ~lr ••• I~,

, .' '._

4~ .A series W co-ordinated attacks, eacl1.,play,er' ,trying

trJ ,play as .stnwltan.etJus{y as possibl« :UJi(k ~ery o,ther in turn. witta ,4 iimiterl mnnh-il'f of'sfJUnds:~

L-'" ~'!'!-'l51 GO

5:., S~[ 'idteels', each con taln ing' a v1ariep, of£nstnutioflS'

be'tween the f.'~pf1kes~~·'p[.layers may mooefrom. ~ne ,wheel to anridier; .,Of' 'r:~rl ,O,fl ~y o[ne W'tJu: wlut6ls~

ti A nzeloc/y" uJith, rl1jJ,tlnni'i ,(lIJ:c~pan:i.mllnts~

7. A ctlfflplex notated sa qf' ,(;:o'-ordinatiortS' and

f'ri Co, "- ,...__..,,1.1.... D~.i;l',L,.,..;.J~ Q '-"~ -'" fl-~" ,

Ivtte:r:-a., ensemou, ,~UKU'.la,;l I.,C 'o1tfort, ,P,r:,,~i(Jrmtlf'S~' ~ JJ;1n

, , - rt ,~,- W:/fl n~ ),4 ,- - Lf. ,. ..' -f' .....: -

IChelsep Lf)!llfltJe' "",,', .: ,,', st. VelV_l,pn#Oft OftU)~:MII, Laeesier.

'.'. .._~, ~~' ~" , 15.':: ,c__. .' .;j .. ' "~,,,~~[ " .. ' [ . ~ ~,,_, -~. ,', ji

- ~ ~

-nil':" " , »b ---0 ?f'-:~Lo"- ';uj-';,,-- M-'I ',-' ,-,;, -. ["'[ a: "'--I!:iL ,~' . ,y"-f;s.i'-,-OO·(' 'P"

,,(1\ ,:,;, ~[~, 1~1"i" ~",' ': ,'.rii~' '" J"7{ ~~'..rr"~[~ I -~' ~urC£l~~~\q ~,t,1[ ~'r.' "_-:,, _'"" -. _.-',

U_:'~'._~ > ~JIK-t""'~'_ '[&",I·J.! Ui:,:J, >~ji~ .. :~ V.!''''~'. _',_ ~~l~~I~W",~1 .:- J~ ~ '_' ~ _ ~.VJtI. ~tll .' ,'_J. ._

~"') sz:s: ael R t- n- ~ ·th)

vrouos. [J..'V,lU::ftn.e,·-: arsions ,', , - alae ,iJm;i~: ,- "

0," '._IT' '.'1 _' ~-'- _. .. . 1__ - ••••• ••••• -;"

[9'-' so. rr lMi',\, '. -'~,

_-= .. ~,[~l···:,iii .:' LA .,.....:________.!!i! •

I • I •

Hail . .reland's ,Glo,niQ'os Martyrs,

The Letter ~

'\i\Ih,at is a, 'Mm,et? ,

'Will of the People ..

,D[[e Magregada,

,PII&',Drtuenpon (ut1iCc)" Vi. SilrJ,(l. (Yow);,R[o'fIft 'GrJ~' fk9~ 6(Jtutl.)~:' ,H~, ,SIu~pn8l t1;!1/J~Md):;~' ~ S~#: BD' (l;ifJSspilaT)~

. ~

• 4

,In'th[e 'biRr:

1 Oi~ 15i:. Alb anian folkmusicperformedby liria~ ,P~liiruz, Btd1ui1}'r;Ji' {vtlicej,[ {tl' $OsirtA4 ,(~lin)}1 I~n MiklMll' (clari'ut): Adri'an, 1M (guiUlrcl) Simon,Allln, (Jmr~sio"rt); ,D(U)8 Smith (lttc(Jttiion:) ~

;2, - '1 :O,,~ H-: oward S- l'~i'':'"ie--~'-mr -----"n['I' O"';'}-['·' Two .• ·. B,~.'.,[~, ='0- -1, .. ,l1'~:~'O'

'~--.- '!I' JU. . - ," ~'" ' . - ' ~ , '-~ -' Jfi._, . - ,~~ . .'__,= .lit" '. "'. ",ill, ',,",' . - ~ J

Pieces, PI9'Cd' ,bj" Cafote' Ftlutr~

1,[

"

.

'TWENTYFlVE,'~FR,[OI:M:SJC:RATCH

~ ~""""

'w ~------ --~--- - - """

V'local workshop and" participatory performancefortrainedand/ oruntrainedsingers ,~, all welcome, no previous experience needed ..

<1' 'll5' .. ,·,~ Bi-:,:,,--~ .. , 'H' "', . ',," ." •. ~'jl. . ... " .. D' ':,""-'" '., ... f '1:1., ·6··':':g',"" ...

,:J~, .JIL_',~ .Irytl, ,: .. iarns~',.c_iUIst a ,Ii .. ' ',['O'PI 0 ,v:wt '_,_I on

th .' 'Ro'·'·· cks 1iJ';"ap'~"'" .-'" ..

e i'--' ,', '-1-' .. -', "'-,,- '0 P' ~A_r-A'

_ , ", _ ._ ~ '.-.",i!I -..r __ ~[.) J_·· t~ :,~' "'p:~[~t~

.. ', '_'J

~ ~I_:O":, ,~:D:~,~.,~:t;~, 3'-12:: :':'1' h~.-c;:~ '~",,~.' ,~ '£I~'W: '.-'~ '_' ~ero,~

P, -~ ." _.~-,- ,'+, - .. ,,;:'1,.......... (Ist - ,.., ~ .-. C---· ... '''' if:'d"

__ ,n'Zlf:lWlllDl,g ,Wl,llll 1",'_,St. ,pO'Zie." '''_~,annle:lSi ,lLVlll>,'eD1

A -,- " .' , . .lI . ..-. 1, '-9- :'9: : ,A~ ')-. "b' ,- ,- 'G-:' ". - .. - .. . '-N''''' ch - ·-1·" - f-" -.....t'". .. - ...

. warns 1 ;_,<,~, .:y"re,g()f :11.::,0 'a$'O 'pel'l,OrID;aHCe

I b :'.::' 'N·:'·:·_- '.'-' . " 'Z-:-',a):','Lil...JI--." .. -.'- "::i;:F""-" ':";,'.:: -, ·8--:," .:- ,~L..'t,) '(P': ··hili··'":' '.' "

Y --. ew 'e, ann group rrom Scrarcn=u ,p

'D,,-[ .... ,,·..J, .... on 'W-:,·',',:·c'-,":'":c.:-.,' ._. 'L: ,.,., .. ~. -~d-"'" Ji:, ;.:-,' ',,~I M~:"-:----:="-\C:- _' .... ,_.j"L". ''':)::''

.-_>~ __ ' .. '" " ,a-yn,e ,mr"___;~,, /:mD,es]\J',C':],ClJfULlIl,Y,I,

'n.:.. .. B'·;'-"_.J~-- :D - ~ "Is: ', '.,' -~l'~··--'b· ,l:,·-- .t;h"i.'-,.--.-- /wu ," 'th"'·:, .-

J:. uess ~"'w~Giln .flt:'O,m, 1'1~ {t,', I(ill ,('It'~a·'~','·~'···'.·I·'O mroua .. t. I'.' /. f ,. '.':"?

~ •• ,~". _." ...... • [ ... , ••••• ~I ~_l_.~ ~ ~'" ~ w- .. ~ I ... '1~K~'~"_._ -e .•. ~ [~.'.~

.. (ib'l'l" 1'- O"IjJ'" ., ~. fl' , .. gi- - [, ~ d ~ ~

eoenmeuui '.' rs mu ';:ti-r tfl.mma meet:f/IU:JI~' .'~'I~'Ntt:"N,~" r

"--~-"~"",,,, .', .•.. ·.·.··,V.f_, :.._,_:,:",- :'-'::--'"'O-'iJI"~".HI'~.JI,,"I!.I'jfb.,.il!,

p~rtJUm£:es and othe« unscheduled ,activities,.,

S:·~"O·'···'~·:, A ... --",,'C:-'::T----:' 'lIO-'.~ 'pl~.'Jn'·. 'i!~' ,:-~~~'---',e"_' 'o-··':-"f-··":: 'th:-,- '1110-"'1'0',-' '1-

1--,__ ~,' __ ._-' _ '. " .. 1, ",,",J~l~,rnun,g so,m, ".:J " . ' .. e '.' '. , '

A- C'" '11' -~'Ii:~tl'- ,. ~JC!

',.: _r.r. .. ;_~. V JL~._. l~o.,~

:O'-'r-Q"p-,'hic'-- b'-:~y~' ~ K' -, ·e-'l'·:th-- ,-__ 'R';' 10"" :W' '--. ,i:e·

.. _ •..•• _" ' __ . ~; .•. ~._ ". I' _' __ ', ' .. = .. :.:." ...

- '- . '. ii' ,.. 1-: d '

·FiIii.~· "I' "p' '. ~ "ii!"II~ ,.' .... ,.~ - ~. , A - . -,·;II.A-:U~ _~, .......... ~ ,...:.&,c'ul.·.· ::~:

. Damian Abbott

Yl! aheo,,- . 't-' , A···. \,.,ll.._.,...~. . .lEiJ II [', - •• : • '·~UAiUr.I:,i,

S~" f ..A, 1111 ....

uno·'; 'n·: l"U1ILen

, • '.l = ~ ~ __

'K" An~

,~: .. <~el:ry' ~~,__:,:' c, ew,5,

Richard ,i\sloongh

P,C' lin B" 00" 'k:

:"a" ''It.'''::;' I ,-,-:: a·" .' "-~, " ':. "".:),ii'"\t"',~y--.--: ',:--

r.;:~ [.'_ ,V¥I' _ 1(-.,1: ',_.:~'.~'~'~~'~~ .. :' ~ ~':

Jo" ihn I Bisset

,"', 'i, ,[ I .·.,_'!!l.~~i_"

~,C·,- lheese' Ie' -- "liJ"IFI:fi on

.. _ .. l!_,~~~[~I~I~ '.~ ~. Q..Jl[U,~·I .. ;':"

C'a:rta'

'-M'~ h 1I1'-

",,",') ie: :aCI, ChMlt

'T' 'om :C:' lhant

,', [,II ••••• l_.~,~.....:.

L):': C ~i arrll -M-iIT~nI1(ili:~:r.lg~~' Il'\..JL~JL~.~ ~ ~ ~ _"_ .. ~~I~A

I ,.1

ZOJe: Mardew

J·,ay.,,:' 'Mi," I ason

' __ ' ,I. ,~. ~W,

C'

A ~'i..l~iIf"'W> :G,C'c__, R~'··, 'M' .....•.. 'ill""": ',~'i'!i'

FUlIlLUJ.1'lkr ._. . . '" .. - _ .. ".,.] ,_'J _ ,~,

t a:~ 'jI\,i\f::*",""1L,'~])}

L.lJ~,~ ,1 y'J.Jlv~a"lL,v. a

T: . :;'~I lI\ .. ~'~t:' c -'h,-- ell __"lU. ~ I. [YUI... . .. ~~, _ -' _~

Catherine Morgan Ben Morison

Phil Mo-,- \dy'iC'fijf'

M~ eha ,!¢oJI -,P~,"',wnriii' 'Oiil'll:"li

_.l:.jl:J, ~ ~. ~ ~I ~ '¥,¥, .IJ ~l ~t~,~

MU'Dt:O' Nomura Adam, Northover Simon IOijpit, :M:ic:ha;eI Ormiston Rachel O'Simmomi PvIic~hae:lli. Parsons

J'''::l!,''lni~' PI"bi]Hp--~

~,,~~, 'i, .:.i.'l·'.i;t.

. ~ , "

,Kathlerinle Plliuy:ger"S,

'iD' . .Ji.J'! p Prevost ,l:illu.t~ rJ"',""" ,.· ... I~..-;,I.;.,

'M; ' .....•. ··'~!T"h;~r Pvne

~l ,~~ ItJlUl,,1 .JL y ..... "~

iCi1':,.,_:',,.,.-\IP Rr~,[ o~,a-

_ lilli~~ " ,.", .. u

'C lh :ks' ak: '-II C':' ]hiffi'""'~'C"

I!!, '-','1,iI"!"" 'if-.,RI- .. ' ,.-,- '--'--,Cli

i ~[i .,: }U;~ i.".< !~~.~'_~.~:_. I .'~r L.r ier~

,J,anle: [C~ina .

Robert 'Cole:ritige

Viv Dogan O'!·O· rrin -~ham'_' ,--"-.

"'.-. [ __ ll'V ~_~ .... ': _/::' ~',~~ :_~. i .':_. J.~ i,,'J " ':_:~IL:' . .'_: .::_,

'Beardhammer' 'Cr1ossle:y'

M,a.'~"i'lIlC! C··:;U:' : *,*,,-,,,, tjU] ~IU~ ... _: __ '.~ ~ l.~,

Brian Dennis Pete D,evlcnpo:rt

,110 Dicks -

,P;'si 'EUlslon 'Nr:-.-,-'o·,e;.l P~i"""_"'_'lFIi1n,~~' , .. r, ", .... W [~-I~ll~ ,iJXS

Phil :-En-_'l:. lia1":'":""i'""d: ~-i

~.·I ~~'. ' .. ' ,. __ • _: .. ~lW~l.'_: '.

C::~;';yO"I]-;'~ F~'ml,"": ~'Y"

_. ~.u _,~l _ ' . _r~~

'LVi ok SOlO F'ol]jg Lou iG,are

K~e::th, K,lo'w'e David,Rym ,Eli,gid, SI()O({, ci8;ak:,ex'

-L'r -", ... ~S··- - - ,tt' ", "B~':-"l]' ...... ",ann.e: =_)OO~!I' ,.At:JU\,cr

Nilcb' Score-Francis

, ,-- '~',~l{ __ -- _. ,,--., ~_. __ --_-

,/· reido G1enlQ'v,esi 'Chris ~S.lhure:ty'

'S:~ Q,'i""-JI.. 'G''-- '- o .11,".:U::~"::iiI,'t'"b 'V.':;'~,: i,~_.'I, ,....,'. ".'" ~,;' s········ il~,.··. 't.::t<, .. '9

:- .. W_-,Wjt i ..... _ .l_ <.:~.,llU,ili .... 1 .:lllL& V .·V ~

'-' ~"-·-'-'i ". -' - ...

Ilona ,H:alb'e,rstadt Hn,gh, Shrapnel

'Fcr-".:!i''i''!I:(,,;~G:'.c·-l''''a''·' H·· ,,~~., ....... Iey HO:C'!i,tIi'~':,r;lij"1If',d-:"- S __ kern r,p~"O .. m

,_ ~, ' , G4.1[.I.,w,,¥~,I~: .. .:_ .. ..: "_,lW,tlL.·· :.. ' "_. '!V"V" (JIU,J., . . _" ,~, _ '__ _ fJl.... . .1 I)

Brvn 'H" r ~:~;~ Dave S:~·~:'4!o1j.-.

,.,1,; I ,- ,.,._: l. ,!LoU, ,,IIi, ,,,_j~' '.,__; ?. ....• ' .. '. 111 .. £ L:I:.:U 1

Martin IiMris()n ,Zo- Slo'sinka

CD'an, :H'f:'ws()n Petcli' S-ulsti

,Alec Hin R.o'lgeT S'lu,merl.and

[0 ----bri', '1' -~'~'I¢'i't' '0';- :'p.-.:'.' h: I;. le~~ 'H"~ ',o,b' :.·,b···~. S:t'-I~,J"~:-:il"iii 'S"~:'''7'C- ,"it,,~,llm~;lm,

_ r.'l _ " 1~ 'I .. , _I J~'Jb =' ~_.'U ~ ,_:,~ , L,J~,~~,J,m,L I_. .. I'~IL_:-c~~~~,I~,Il ..

J"""'~I~'an'"" -, H"" ;',_ ~,~~."1Ie·y : ,J, ":'" ,-',o.·",_·"hn .. _:_'.:_· ,_., 'T' '-]]b •. :, ... ·-.f,',A -.1iI "'1"'"V ',~"_",,.,:'

'lW.. j:, : !l' .. ;_~ .. _.~\ .. '.: - - - :'~ ,J

D>,o,'t~'ld.~ J'''''-\iI,~,ll'\''''"''1'''"'';:~~ 8,tep; ~,hen 'T __ :h-:ioC"-m'-"rp'~IO' ":n'

_'_ 1[A.,V..Lr.:: .- ... : Q~:,IJi[~.L, '.: ... _ ,:-',[., :.,' ... ', .,,, ., .".' I I:' .,~, ... l~_

T-- 'ii""ii;b:-.'y-,,:.'lJ:'oJ:Iil"l!""t~,~ ~V~7~1,,",",tO"--"'n'''-a- ~V .... ···:7'm":--··~"n-· -Id' lP;¥

. LU .. : _ .l~, -V·l.lt~' '_ ~~,._._r.~ ~[~ .. ·L:' :_I...:_.i.J'(.I..~:,_' .. :_·~~~

..... '

TOlm J'e:n'kins,on. 'FUnkm,ag,ttr W agJ~ulUr.~

1Ii·-r·, . >!:!ii, 'Ki·"·.-·':~'o_"~'!1'''1;~ 50:::111'1i"',",\:'11=,', 'l~\J aJke.·.:·',[if"

ll. ·,-,a I ., '. : .• :. ,iLUL"U ~ rul L~ :J, , J . JIi,

AgaJdte: Kae:m' ,J'OM 1rVhite

I, 'K'· .'lm'~ 'L' "', W'" ,~, ,,';[L .. ,

i ,:v'iQ;r ,,',> 8Jl.dn , .. ,J;:::Q,m,e \"-: OliO~

,P:aul K.b:h'y ,Anrt Wolff'

A,drian Lelt' 'Clltristian 'Alolff'

J i~":;~

,. ~ t

Ir ~~ ,\,\, __

\,." I'~' -;;#' FilM' '. . ~

"-'".i:"""1 ,;i1'~,\. " ,-"

' .. , \ ..... ~,

i',',.............. . .. '

. ,',,' ;tiiii' .' .' ........•..

. : ")'\ ,;..,:._

, ,

8:

..

,.

p;~,(ai c ~ D:'U~~[~'_ _~. ~L ., _ .' , .. ~ ... '. . ,L ',_ ~~ _, _ ~ ~ ;- ;~' ~ c .. _ _ ~- ~_, >, '~~~ ~ _~~, '~ ~

,._, _" .' ~ " I~~ ~~~,~ .M~~' ~I,~$, 1,111\, ~~~n~Tre;, (s,.tl,!, r •• ,~~ 1"i~, ~~-~

(~'~~f~I~~[~~"'\~,): [., .. ~ [~,'U ~'~' ~,~"~: ~_~t._~~,~,~~_ '~l~l'~[~'t~" t: :'~~~~5~,~-'

;S!,,'M~''t. ' ,~I,~t, _ 'h~!~l~:" .11_"~lt,~~Jt,_,~ .. - ,~I . ~,~ ~~,-t:" '~_~,1.'~S! ,3~.~·,:S. _! ~ __ ~, Q~_~~ .. :' .. Q,,:Il4 .. f.L, .. ,

It ~_t\Ii' ~ "'1'!!;;~i~:III~ ~["lri:i. t"!1,~rt 'tel ~!.~~, ,g't",~~~lt· g,f· ~~ "~I - ~c '"«4...~_

.. ~~if~,IoO~1;' . 1ft, ~p~d"~'" 3(r~) . bc,-:~ Si'r: ~ "", _I' 1,"1

I"~' ,:-, . ~ r .• " .~. ,,-,- _ .• _~ .- "(" I . '" .'.' • ,_.. .'-",' ----: [",.-,.-. 1'- ---," l _. ," .. ,r . '." I

~~ 9!'~W' ~ ,At the. :1 U,d'''if~' d 11,5Ic~eltf\~1 ~I~ ~Qst, -lute :t1\1:, Ib,t,,~ I " -[4 'i.

"



'" :."t Ijitll St10'l?S· 1anains the Pi~(JPtrl)J t"lhe :int!imdual ,-amP()£U/1mdhur~, ,MQ~t~ 8Ci7-alik OrdzecSi:r:-a, ~~-l :~J' [be

'.. r-' - 'Tut',pmmis •. ll".8(l$t ,·t ,the ctJUl!Posrr ,&'s&ur~e;~ ,PtlmiJ-iiDn to' 'reprtl_,e ,the: umrks fflGfNfI8litts 'CfEfaw

,sbmtid' __ ,sfJU{lk~ftfJl!fl, The !Gi&ttiew FfAmIl€l.tiJm" ,to ,uihtnn, ,'_'':,::,-, _ ,~ftw' [(he 'we t(fiu[ tXtJl1Ctjmm, 'Vu' i~ea't L(JJffting~

",'

No

_, - ' ..

"!i

"I

, I

_",,_:-", .

- ,~'

" '

'-,

=ii,

.,

• ,I

',I ,

... - ~I'" ...

,

,

• "1' •• ,.-1· ...... -- t'

An'dlaLnt:"~':':I~i!I! ~e~=~j~., ~"ii!'=+~~~~~

: ..

, A'i:','"crl&lb'.ln,,~~~

'Op,I" ,~, 1. I

...

,j

I~

t ,

o

,

,

~I

, -

I~'

--- -

J
;!]
,
I -
' ....
..
~ . ,

. ,'_','

:

..

~,

"

"', ~

J

,

i ~'

" ....

'R.



;-

,,:: -:.

-.

'I'"

, ,

... .

.... , ,

,

,',

,,,,, ""

- - :gJ;s~'. --. .. , ...

,

"

~:

.

~

L

.. "

' __

,I.

,,'1 .... , ... 04 ,,~, K

-,

j

, • J

{

~~l 1:

-Jl ~'""l"',

. -,

-,

-";Ji

-.

"

ill: '~

,-.

; '''~''''~' ",_:' ..

I . _ .' , '.

'.. . ' .

." ···L.f. .:.' ./

"M""

i' I

I ,,', .

~' ,~ I.

.. ~-'"

~,.,:,--",

~ .' .,

'r r _.-

, ! " ...

i ' ! '

, " r. •

. : e

, " I

, , .

,I ~

s

,

,

,

c.

,

i

f

lilt: ,rJ

. ...i ,

."

.. . '

'~

i

' ... , - V'

i~: ,

, ,

,

- I ~

I~~",,-

,

,

,

~J

.



'0;

J .' w' ";' 'C" ~ 9'1!l,~

ii;" ,.:.J ;111'_ .:.1 :1:.,_ 'Dol.

I-

J

l

oj,

l'

Q ,'_

-

p

,

,

..

- ,

A

,

,

.'

,'"'"

j'"

, ,

,

, ~

":'l~ 1"".1.1'1

,.. I ", ..

... ,' '!!!!' I:' ,

r' I • I _ .. -----

[I . j _

i ,

~ --'

,(:j

I' .......

_ .. -=:II ........ _r- ..

.-- ..

10

S(, '~~i,I_-='_

", . '!Ill . I

• t, I J '_' I • -. .' -.' I,

r'_ 1 . .1. c..' .• ' 1"

....... ,_ - ..... ", .I~· ---'"

,.' .

S -rt'

. ,

r "

. '". ", '-- .r r ',' J

" __ I _~~._: .~ " _' _ ..... ~._~~_ ..

! .,'

... -

~,

'.

....r' U"I

I

c:sr "

r I :

- .

.~

j,. g'l;

I

~ I

il

I r

........ ~ I

- - -;.;

.11

IH' '.'D-" :N" jl'T~ ,,"#!'4 ~l,",'",".l~,.,,~, ',~-- :""~' ,'I",~t,l, ~I'~~'

, " ,iI _ ,', ,i i, ,~,~ :1 ,it,!: (1'I~II,~~1 'v.Jl " ~",.'," '_,- T:(1t"1M· ,.

A 'S':JI:M~~ 'll~' ':ev':~~s':-~~~ .. t rr~~ ~l

_ [_· t- I~_,) _ ~ [r~I('. '_ r~l.""·' [. Ir IIt~ .. ~- .. 'Ii

~,

+

1: if:);

; . .l.

14-

~.. . .... " ..... _ .... _,- .. --~ ·-Y'·~E-ARS- F'-a' O'M' S' C""RA' TC"'H

TWENTYE1VE:: .. :~- ::1'.' :~'. >' ... ;; .. i ... :'1:: .. · .• -:; ,I.

,".' :0

. . .

. .

"'. .' . -.

".: ..... :

. ., "IN·· ... m~· ''I!

. WiF- .. L ~

..,

.t;?6='·C:·" , - : (i .. _. : ~:: ~::: .

..

.

::O:'·~.::~.···::

6- &£I\"Ii'U.. tl'_ 'ny·l . ..."

;.

Li.~ j.; liilifj,,..I'':- )1 .. I ~ £""""'T:""~ ,~; _.,

,~ ~ w "_"Jlf . O'~!II !I!;_' [I PIf

)

. . .

• • •• 0 ••• ~ __

~.: :

:: .

............ =': o , ........ ~ .. :.: .. :~. .. .... ...,.

--- ..

_ • w • __ ••

. :.:.:~ .. :~,' ,.

ft .. _ ...

, .

"

"

----

. - ._ .... _.

.F·.::(j·~"·.·.,.c~~:,,: ... :~~: .. : .. , :::::':::.:::: .. _ .... :. ' .0

!6stE:"'WtN" .) OUT

:.- .. =e:=

. ' :: ::

. 0 :-

Ki£" fi;NOJW.s}··, sal·s'.tt'liJirE 0 iVT l· .s'"'(I:A. T ... iI

i ..

_ .0'- .:":: ..... :~'::::'" .

- ~ :.::~ _..... .=.

o

. :: .. =

·1(.· ... ilf::· .:~::'::.:":'-"'''''''.'' ··="8" ':: ~ .. ···i'i:~·: '~.;.;:' ..... ·0 ... ·· ... -.

tI;E· ~,lN$., ) 1"Itu.s .:. ., "'II .SH'.ALl. D~TJ!ile' , uri.

. .

1.1 ~"'Ej!i&,:fN'~ ,. ':TK,c W·l!fo.tE" a··ao,.· ,

-------. _. .

i······

·r ... ··o ..

'_ _ .. -.r. _

..

,

= .. :.~.:::. -8 :

-.- -:;; .. ~ ....

. - - - -'.'"

. ~ :~ .. ::

H~. :r~ .. 'f!lJs. J lltd$; _)l ~. J S·H A~ ..... ~~EM'iE· .) UJ .. .)1. ~~i~hiJiI.'~,I.~.~~:li."G JI T"ie;~ O·'n~;!!:t. fe'AM1I,!'o;J )

I. • •••••••••••••••

____ ow_ow. __ •• _

i···· . 0 .. ··· - = : .: ~.. . . ····,0. .:

~ s ~iIi..LL G 'ftEA1'lH-C j • U·,.. J

. . --.... ..;=-

_ .... - - -- . - --- -------_. _. .

. o· _ _ ' ',.

...... :.::.:~ .. , =

p:: ':':.'. Jl~' : . '. ... . ·n.. :::::::e:- : -.~e . ..= .. - ...:.' <te ... =::= : .. _::; :: ..... ..... " ~::::'-.'..::

%£. TM'D:~5' ., i:ltvs·,:; .. , "'"'I SH~ U~·[W,£ :) UJ') exp£~CU«i:)' nte:. M~L 'H:JAkA1ta'll -'

!::. '~i\"'" .: ~......... ...."- ..... ~._. ....... Cr .. ~- ... :~:... .:=, 0, : :. .. .. _-

_ I St.lALL 1S,~e.f!iT.tut )' 0 U'T' &'XP&".l'tlBW"C,.f"'r.i

,.

.=: .....

_. ---- - -.'

:: ..... :.:~:... :

·t··· .~e"

:::.::::::: ..... ~.' .. :~ .. ~.. . .... -.0' =

=-----= :== = = .

!~, .... ;; ..

"J,"1Il •

-: - ,

.' : cf ' '"-

,.

15

..... ..... .. '. :T":'Y" '. '1:"1"'l 10 'y .. "0 .iii. Ti'l, 'S:· F' ·R·· '0' . 1M·· .. : 1 'S··:,C'~n'AT"" iC···· H·

TVVEN :, . ..1[" J..\I' '~':. ,~.':J 1 ,. I' .,..IL"\...l""l. " .... .



'«:

d1!

:i;!:

!Ii.!'Ii 'u ~,

'& ii

'!.. ,Iiji'

''"''5 a:. f:i 'Cit..

~

..s' ' .....

,Q,I, 'j!. :is ,J..

III

"""iii ,

....

,...I!!' ijin,

j

C!l1 \!II

""

.4i(:

'I,. iI..,

o

::t

:£ ~ 'Ii..

cO

,>'1 ,..IIi,

.~

L '~

'Ill:

Z

~ ~

111..,

m

'.

[i

~

!II'

,t

'Ii. ,iI

~ 'b ~,

~ 'C 'Ii

~

• rlIi 'rII

,,,,,C

I

., ...

~ .JJ

'''''!II

,Ii

~ .'~

Q..,

'I

o 'iJ

'\

<I) ~,

l

......

'L,;:;

:~ 6

....... ;y;

• (!Ii

• .Ii;

" ~,

._

.._, '.,

:J'

,P

ii'iI' .. .. '

...

'!III'

114'

S

;~

~ ...

Ii L

'"""0

.'

.1IIIiIt!'

~ 'i;I'!i:

JtiIi,

,l..,

'II,

::z

:7\

" 'I

Qiil ~ ,

II

I

"'"

~

\.

• Q"

s

't: :C'

.-

!ilL "-6,

:III I;)

i:)

"': .Ii

0, G

' ...... '

....J ',",

~L'" .0

I!l i [

1

~, ~

[Ir~

"....,

.. ,

'!II'"

~I .Lit ;

~

"1S i:

~=-

:10, :'

liS'

01 ••

!&.. t::nIl o :L-

'n.

,,!Ii,.;. ,

'IIJ ' -C'

Pilgrimage from Scattered Points on the Surfa 'IC":<,:e<': of the Body to the Brain the, Inner'

.•••.. -z. •. ----~ """."'." . ,','.' ' __ , , .• ' ••... " ' .• ~ .. , •.•.• ",' .:' "',,,,'. ' .. :: •. : : ".'. ", ., "' .. ' '.' ".c" '.~ __ "."',1, .: ' ,':.:' , I . .'., '" .: .. ,., ; ,"._: ",: ':

Ear .. the Hea 11'" ' and the Stomac :h·: (pro gram ":ID'" :'e< for Qu '"e··'- .. en Elizab eth ", Ha ll cone .. ·· .. ert

, , .'" '-"'.. ,,-- .. '.... '.. '.' ", '.' . .... " ,".~,r _.,"':.' . " .. :,,,' '.: ..... " . ~ .' .. ,:: .... 1-1." .. " .. ,._. .. .', . ,... ..'.... '. __ ',,_. ,f ,., .. , ' .. '_ ',',

~ --, ,

23'" d 'N"':' b 19"7" '0"')"

, ,:("::, ,:~ ove:m .. cr':.,',::,:"oII'

l6

L ih

i

!

I:

i

I'
'~
'~ ~ II
::; •
" ,oil;
,",
.. 'Ii.
tI!
'flo ~ I
• r~ ! "

Tt:A'P'N-"'T:---Y""',- FfVEc' rv :'1', 'YE"':":: ARS', ',_ F' -''-'R,) 10: :M'; 'S:'IC'- :"RA,:, ,'T:-I c -;H' -~

',"V,L, '- -- ",' ":1",, "'I"',,,_,,,_,,-_,,~,,,__:,,_y 1_,":,0" "'" '_'" _

:ji:

~.. lB.' ~-" ; '1_ "'Iii, S:,I:, --,:,

"lIif,l O,f~~-

..

'~

~

"", :

I"",

,101

~I

'I:

s.d:

- I

'il;,.1

~I

,;

.~

17'

-,

Y--"Y/E'N";iT-····'y" 'FIVE'", -"YE-' ;(R-"S'F-;-:-~R-::' O~-M"; S"'IC"'R,A" TC"H"

'.' , ,r. 17',,;: ' ; I \; :' ",'. ' . '.',' .. ..', I ',' , ': ' ,,' '_': ,- ,'I" "', ,I . ',: ',.' ;" .

. ... _ ~. r, " " : ... ..:_'.:_ 1 ,~~1 •.. ,':'. ~.! .. 1 .... , .. = .. ,..,. .' /,1, .I~~. :____: _' '._ ~.! . I

'.' ..if.:

~l

..

['

i

,

i!

I' ,

! ,

"

~
iii!
,'"'
~
",
" .. '!iii ,it
~, r3 ,""
.,.,_., '\.
,. til ...
.,;$: ~ :~ ~ , ~
' .. I ~" ,
3, ~ S 1!IIl "
i '1iJ.l ,zi, !iti~
¥I!II
DI "<Ii. ~,!iJJ ~¥
. - r~f

I. ,=-",~I..i,_~

iI!I,

. I rw'

W·:·'A'·'· L: K'}'

! '., '( (,'" , •.•..

\.. L • ,_r',_, ~ ".; I _ ,I ,! ;--:-'

i) '.'. 001 . f '~_'. ""' -n ~'~'. ". 00([" . - .. ,' .. , ' " .,'.' !Ii.,. t to , the . .,' t

1', S';p· . 'e' ":-':'11 IO",I~~ W":"':'a:' e: .. ,g: ..... I I"'m IO"n'le"·' 'Pi ":·0"'" ,.: .... : i ,:" i'["',e' n·':'e,·'·_'····:· ,

_,.1._, :_:" " _ .. _1 .. \ .. ~.:. _ ,r : , -'~J'.'_' ~ •• I _.' .. I.l,. I ,_::. :':'_,' ',_'.- ,_:", ,.1:,3 .r. "I .1,1 _~:....:..~::.::_,~~.!.

- . " . -_- I 'j

iii- iMI)" "I' til f:' '"' din iI']' '1' tho '!II' h d

1:1: ._." eng "i [O'::.~: tune spent standing ·S·~,tl at -:' ae point reac iec

._:,' ._:.... ,", •. _I!""""'! ," __ .-' • _:r ,',' I ..: ._". ",", ",' .. .__:_ .•• ..;_.. . _ ',' ~ . .' Ii" ," ( • .'. _' ;.... ... ....::... , __ -_ l_ " .. '", ." ," 'l· .. '

• ,'.", I I '-~ •

A' l' '1' begin to aether Stan ' .. din or at o .. me of Y:" our chosei I points rea d you ', ...... first pair of

..... . : ' ,., '-" .. ...'-:;=, :" .. ' " _. .. ,!~ , .. '-'_:--",e : . .:, .. , : ' ,:.. ":. .-,., .. _. .. " ] .. ~ , ,:-'.:,:-, ', , .. :, .- _ .. _ . _ .. ':.: .. :........ , 1 :~ .. .-~. ._: ..

figures. The first figure tells you r ow fast 'to move to get to' the next point (0· =: v[ery fas ~" '9"~- very' slowly): the second figuretel :~:. :YIOU how I·ong. to stay at the noim

h ed (. 0'" . iii "'111 9'" 1" 'iii .)... ._ ... __ . ff ".' 'th· d t!- d

reac : .. " .. :-, "0"" tnne at a l'~'1 _. a v·,ry:·····: :o'no' time'] .nen set O,I,,~; at taedetermmee

,,! .. ::, ",-.:. .1 '.. ',., .. '_""""" b:":": .', •. '..c.: ..'..' ~,I, I .: ""':~':'l _, :.~.' ' .. ","'.: .-:_.:.,. 1:.",' .. ~. _:_. _ .. _ ~ '. . .. : ::' ,:, I ...c.] :.,,\ ,. "':_"':.' , . 1 :. ! '.'.'. ' ". \_.:: :'-__.:

d s. till f h intsc h "', Ii' d d ,Ii, d th e. th"

speee .for anot ner o,:·~, your C' .. iosen points; navmg arnved and waned t nere tor ~:~;; ... ~:

: ",' . . _', . . ,,'

indicated le ngtl '0' ':':f": tim e read 'y· o·l:ur::· second p,. ~a·:··:1I! ~~I of figures ·an:·' ,:·,d,·,-! 's·cl'eo·'it off ace .ordi ingly .. r

:.'-":', .. ",._..:,_-I,., . : ]. 1 _. I(~ "_'."', ,' .. ,' ::, _:_ .. __ ._ .. ,:-. _. 1 [.~ _ .. : ,., ',"_:,._, , , =. · jl'[ ·., ._.....:. "~ ~._ ~:,: .. _,,,,,.,,,,., c':,.: · _. : '.:~ _' ':: 1:: .

for another point (or back to the first point: choice of 'which [of the 3 :,' 4, or .5 points >0 move 'to 'JOlt each journey ... u '~i'S free) Always g';" '[0 frOIID [OD'e point to tbe next by:' the

", 1·.···.· ~.",. '.'. . '.' _. ,' _,-- - _,' .. _ ' - " ,_. ,i -.:.." ---' .' <,1 __ , .• , :-_i .. ~... , _ '. '_." '. __:: ' ,_ "_ ',::1.: ,._ r"~ ".: '," Ii:' . r •.••. , ". !' - .. J _ .. _ L...:... _-: "_'~" -. ,._.>: .. ", ~' __ :.: .. ' ',_ : : '._ ,',..:

...... -. ··_-· .. st .:' ,~. ' .; ··t :'.- ite :C··· .. ·:······· -. 'bill'. ,... .. , ., ,. '., .. ····t'~:I' I"" '11 h -; ," ', : ol .. ·· .. ted '-I' ',' ", , ','. ed _ ".- - .. nbe '. f Ii. . .' , ,.

m:o:s·,·:,:'lec r. mlue". '-Dln . Du,e u' _ .j) i, a ... i. !.,8,v'e clompi ie e- e· .. an, agree:~·, .i! U, 'I.,' 'cr 01 Joumeysl,.

Mi'c'h'aell Parsons 2 .. !8~119691

... ' ··,th',·· .. d of oei & " •.. -",,-.,_. , itab ···I-'- &c "J, '. .-., .c::. b , ,: '.' """11' , .. , "--:'-'b'·-··· ."1 .,' f

me: ·:.~O'·'.: 01 pertormmg a score SUI a ;. '.: e .l.or pel10mlance :::y a [sma .... nmn,·e.r 01~

-'- .. _ .-

plcJopl[e 'with ,a larg·e .Dum.bler [o·f ,peopl[e

~ :11 '1 3.,,·~ .,'

1"1 v J,l' Cr

'I , I

i

'\ 2.. J ",. $" ..., r 'L*'.

I' '"""

".JE\. il' .'~ ~ . .:4I If ~ ~'t~ ~

In

;;;

D:eJi"~:tii)l,t';·' A. kFa'~c'h Orch~$'tfa, is I, ltrst; :num!ber' of entbrusilas,t;s; :poa,ting; 'tbeJr' reS:O'~F'OI~ ", ""o~ p,rima-ril,' ,material, :re-sorurces) a'od uSiem]~liD!: [0(1' "a,ct];'OD, '(musiQ~ makift& peHo~mllnoo, 'edmca;n~on)"

N'o,te',~" The wiard]. mu~~t- and :wti, dar,l'\!·a'tiws: are here not uW'~tde:r.Sitood, te :re£e:r ,e:ltiil;JJlmi'~e'ly :to, ·$ourui :a.nd, :r-e,~ated p:b;eD9~m~n!l' (be~riml'", e'tic)~ 'Wba:t '~bey do relet" to :m, ft~ibie :8:nd. d,ep~11,drs, [en'tiiely' on, 'the:

'L",,", ,(/, ",1:.. ,e!! n 0 ,~

memeers 'O'lii 't~:~e ~cm'~c,_'___, ',:,('Clueiitr,a,;;

T.t .. ;tt ."",#!i[~~'t"A,r,. ,1"'rIi·1P.:.A,L,D'ii:o;:i!olJoO'?iI!' 't'~'.e.~..:I'1!J! '~'fl, '~'~~I",,'i,~.t'!iin, ii~ t" L.;!!i3 ,.l" n.J~i ~1~!lr!Wi_ [~~ lV~· ~inh!;3P.~'~l~ l~ ~~,~~. __ ~~ru!Jli ~y 11U!lilll~~~'~Y,Ii!1 ,iI~IUIl, '~I.~JWl

public ,s,p:heoo\t and tb~, fu net 1[0[1, ,v,in 'b~ expressed :bi, the, for,m, [O,r~Of' lack of a, 'bet'~~r 'wQrd, . eoneerts. I"m, ,r[o/f'ar Ij,o:n, :(~;~a;rdH,l·wnh. the yOUDlH,t), 'Iacltll member 'd~. :kl,¥e, ,tbe ~\p'ijjon, [of' "Idesilniog; '"3;, cOuettE:i 'If' the o.ptl~n. is: 'm'[t~n, u(p', a'U d·e!~ails, [o\f:-itb~,i;",toaQef:t. :aF.!~ Jm1. tb£! haads, [Olf" '~lf)a~~ :peaO.D. Dr' .bIs, d~lla,tes,;, if' 'th,e !'-" jom. ,iiI w~i~ed the: detaiJs, 01 'Cbl: ,conQe'f'~, will bel detemUiBed by :r.arnd'om m,ethod~:,I' or by yoUng: '(a., vote det,e:rD'dJ1~s, wwoh of these t.WO'I)I~, !'Ells ,mid"e;riaJ. !ll'f

these ,;j"1>.AIi]CiA"Ji4'~ ~~'V 1k.~. ,.;ai~i!llm 1"'1, "tn, ~,r' ~~ """li'Il' 'Il'l!J'1:..[".i';:l~'cl1'

~ ,:__ ~:__ '~~I~~~~~~~ l~~~I~:I' tmi U_~I~""llj.!lll'l ~~~,~ ,It''~-,~~~ ~,W 'lrif",liIIV_ ~'~ji

fr-O,'Jil 'the basile: fefp~ltot\Y' ·caIte.ori~-8, (JQ,tUn,ed he~,ow'~

Senttll. ,mui~

,BaCh, :~Ifmlcbe.[· of: the orcb~Jtra ,~l(f,cnlid~, hj:m1Sc.]:f' cwifh a :noteJbook (or' ,&ctat~bboo,lt) :~Il wb:[ch. he ~,O{Ul:'ties, a :n'umber o'f' :aeeomlla'n;l:'m'ent$~ pa,fO.r,dll.lb;re, oon .. · tb:W,UCiUS'l, :far' ,in.[defi'ni'~e lP'tdods,!,' 'I,h,c· .B'tlinlber ,gf ;a[ccQml'o:ni'me\l]ts, in [e;aJjc:h bOOik sbJo'Mld be :e-q/~lal to or ,~QJt~r fhan the currenr f:uLunber :of 'm~imber,s, f[),f tbe orchestra, An accompenhnenr 1:5 defined, as, music that allows ,8, solo (lll fhe even t of' one o,c~u,rring). to be a,ppreeJated as sueh, The 'notation, may be' aceom ..

'n l;~;(,'i' 1,]: ... )t; usln fi!" [~:n" ''IJ m~" Q,l':jj, 'F'lI'~"" "". 'I1:1IJ!l11l"''&.tll]" 'O'ii'""lil 'riIih"~.fii '-n° IU~ ~'t:!~, 'iii

,~'1l1i~"~ _'~""l~1 l~~l~L~ ~tt:ll ~:""L~.J." 'I / ~Al~,iIH~~"¥~l~' u~_ lj' o.~ ~~l ~ lilj,'¥" iii,·: ~JI~U:~,

~oUap:~, [e:,t'c'~'af.i,di ,~ho'ul.d be :rep'r-ded 1,8 'tt pede d, o·f

. . t'ra:hihllt :;: never D{J'taJ:~e mo-rte ~''ba,n OD,e, a~co':rn,panlment llil a d'l,y'", '[ '" '~J.1UlnY' j:,deatfj ,a'r:i's~ on [one, ,da.y ~he,' ma,; - ~l], - be, " i:nenrp af,iljt~d .. J:~ onel' aoOcim(pl:nJ1merri~.~

"J-I h~ IUJt. IitcOi:mpfulim,eDlt~" in t:'~,e "il)s[(; ,ID'a,· the sit:~t~s 0'( a 'solo" ;~nd If 'Uiedl s'bOitdd [on'ly 'be, "UMd a's :srtmC~", [Q,o. the add,iU,an, Gf' :fbrtIbJeI Ieems, '\'vba:t w[as :fJlfi$V,j'OlIS'[Y a 8iO~iO 1$ rel!egal~~d ,to, 'tbJ8 I'ta' us [of an aooonl,paU"l,'" ,melil'~, so tbl[t ~~t. ian:y time ,eaM R',,~r .:ba:~ [omy one :501'0; 81!1td ithll't bis, ,m(Wlt rec~nt'" : 'e ;so'ie, d:Urere:nda~ tion "lbeJtwoon, :ll ,810:1[0' and an s,[ceqmpa;fd:'Wr€:ril't. is iil1l the .nl0d'e [Otr p:[a;ri~g~

[n,e 'ptiir,tor,nl1ance af 't'his, :music CI'n be [cniU:'~'ted. ,SC'fJ[rcIJ [Ow.er[t\fl1'e~ BeNe'iel '"e,rlftae lOr ,Scr!(J'itcA ,F,iRfll:e' [depenrdh1ll: en :U:~, 'rPo~iUcm ~ft ,tbe; '~orn,eem1,".

1,,'Ll _"

...

+ ... ~ ..

,3 .: -'D1'ITO~IUOD R.ita: .

A" 'iii ' I, • it iIIo.lk., .• '" ,., ~:t. S' ,..I,;l! Ieif' .,. '·1 ~""'

~!e~re~tloiil .0;,1.\" 'we; i1m~j :ln, $,~[(jtur:(J' ~" :tll}~;j ,I: ,'fJ.'te;$ ,:v~:_c". ee

a.vailill'le1 in, APPendix 2~, ,M:em:lxrsl sboulJd CO!ml~

'c!;~~'l'iilt·l".v 'L""~:f ~'i;'Ii: ·'ififil~·n. 141, ";i1..~ ·ni~iC'i·;'Lo~!~:'~"~W' illl'iliif i'!i>ii"liilii'il:[~'~~'~ili";'n'"-I!-:-' ~~~<li'I:~',"~ .::iU;~ , .,~.t', JJ~IW' '~i ~~" '~~Y~~'~!,~,~~~~V~i; '~v~~~~~~u:~ :I~ "' ;'[. new ,[I,'tJes,., ,Alll IDmp.rovll~at!o,n, ,rm,~e· ~I· ,n,() , c 1" mu:sltlt"J

·com,JH)siU,on; 'it, does not 31 "em:p1t. ·to ~il1lftme:lllce t~,e, m;'ilSiic :t'bat 'mU be ·p,:13iJtd. :~' ·al~; most l't, ma,,' ei,tab.usJ~j a

[ii"!o:0m- -r'm" !i'iI:~i[t'v '0" ~Dl!~FI:iif"J;,p, [~,T'" (!J, .... \ni~iA"i":'Itifjil,i!!I.'~ ~'''~!rt~'ii]'!i;ittl!', .. ,

~Ul [t. l ! > fUl~ ~ __ ~ ~,J.' _ =- lW.[V.~~~l ~~,I~~, U;Jl1 g ~-Ut~::li~&JliY~'~A'~l ~'!L~, .. lIJ~.!Il~,

po,i:n;:" '~hr,olulh ritua], "A:tty :$UlleMJ6d :r.tt~c win be ,Ih,'e~, :1 td~1. run 8lnd there:a,'fte-f le:ft to look llft:[e,r fts:elf~ Successful rites may wel 1 take on aspects O'!' folklore, RCq nire nicknames, etc.

Free im:prov.isat'~on ma,y- also be And ulge cl U"li

fro.m, time to time, .

..

.. '~ •

+

~'O'

L.'_·l

...

...

..

1.~le ,S'ese:a,,'C'~ Projett'", Tbe ua~,veaiC ,[;9; :r.:e,13:r:dicd:

U1Cltm th'e: we,wp01illt 10," itfl,ve,~~ T,b~s;, ,meiM '~:ba't ,tiD '~nio~~.~;e :n,lllmitx:r '01£ :m~afeh, \!'icton: m; [-elarded '. :hJPoUle!ticaJI],J" 'ttn:vella'blle .. , 'Tm:'1;eis : •• ,' De uodef ' 'tit~D ,bl, ffiaJn;Y' d~me,Mi,c\ns~ 'sr' 'em,PQnl:~ S,Pii:ltJa:~~, in'~enectI1Jl;~d~ ;Ipmulml, emCliUona'~!, l ,£ma:JiDe 8J1Y veetor 'wUl, be, ~f~,un,d, to ~mtpinp ,00 :1,11. '~'hese djmen, ...

;SiOflS Sit some lJ oin't IOf ,otber~, :FOf' 'ims:mnooi, ,if yOIu.r

. researeh vwtor is It'lh~, Tlgf:f:'" yOlw Icould be :In,v,~:~¥ed in. tIme i(sinee 'the ,tiSit :~p~n:I\!5, ~ Qffi, ~ ,evol.e s"c~es);, :sp~oo I(a 'tl"j,\p itO·' .)be: ,ZtUl);, iD:~e:[[ect, ,(tbe

dJ8"~I';'s liwCJ~'OIJ)k sp,irit ~(~be ~"mbonc~,~ ~~'bl,~ :ae~J11~~dl by tbe, ·'Iile.r:) and ,emol'tlOG ~(Jour su,tue.cuve ,re~;iUIO(n, to til.e a:mma]).~,

LThe, f!d~,ove is, a'n, :blftel,ecitu~IJ, ~rt\r:~uc~ure, ,so! fOlr a S~lft ],et"s: ma:ke: the: :[f,'id~aF.,cb, 'vector a .Olrtdj, or IIOU," ,of wOlds, :r.2Ithe:(' 'U'(lfJrD an. obJ~t, 01' S'Ill, :ojflrrasiio'[l, ete; ,A rtWonJ lOt rcscalfci: is, :~,elritJ hI, 't:bc, Scnd:c'!lfb0 o:k: tUld t'hfs· I!ecold mJIJ" 'be :.1,,(1)1, ,1;y~dlaJD'e, b)i :3 ~t

IFt1lM dme: to' 'Ial ,I; j'OU,ItJ!" 'will 'be prop'''Sled (J,~mlll~ty tAO" M:~,n~ J'olnrm,c:,' :to 'UlC COiur~, of' 'Wu, 'Tit ,J,o,urn,c,y' to] tbe U'nconsei,or'tUj, ~. ;Oluroey to,. Vie~s,t 118m!" ei,c)~ ,A_ d:~io,n ·d~, s,uliee to! pr,o,vlde: ;3, r,QUltl

ltift~rlaO:' !(~' em)DIl'rka!UQIlJ ,s;t I~,(pe .~:~~':~ ~~1?,e'}i)t 'vch'ime '0, be lmed~ :Ollmibi'r '0" bDon.;, m,ipaoe~ Id'brOICI '01(';3 :biAd:i1m;g ,silte~, ,re,_,UEn, to learth lor' nrg:.,~ etc).,

,MIe:miDem 'whme wellon are re~p,in't, eo lilJlI j\oili:mey can ,pumr~Je 'O~,~j. aJe,y:a'DOJ and eg(o slid ef· tbe m,uslcal ti:pptica' ::,o:n,~ 0'( ':. 'h~if :~tCb; ~ifUl,mtbe:rI 'wmlOle vectors, a:rc iLfIiiJe,v~n:l: !(~-e5earr,~h. 'Oft f"ocke'£: riJ;u~ls 'WOIDl'!l{ hei~,:p, 'w,~,i~b :I; JOll~"'. 1,0 '~~b!'Et C9'UFl of' Wu, T1) tan. PMI( .'~b~ms\ei~,,,,s, a,lt, t~;l,': di~poUi~, of t'be~ ,(j;tne,fi tOf' t:b,e mJU si cd, rea~~:iDtiion ot'tbeil' resea;re)b.,

cA da,~e: can be 'ftx'I'd ,~O~l 'the ,jo'U1tW~1',·, w:hii)dh 'WU~. ,tlkJ~ ~:he :far,ID: o,'f' ,a :P1r,fOtl!ml'n,Ce~,

'CCU~dliJT:'I.' ,of ,re,!'(J"''C''~, R~eMar(ll, sl1Jom;dd b~ throiill,lb .·i:'::iirlii!t'ori a~io" nedeniOe mtbrf' tha~ a,ca;dennc: ~ 'lle~D1e.cit no

Uilll"'l~~l~l ~'TLi.r" [~ .. ~j .• ~.. ..~~ .l.I... ". JII,-~ .... _ .... 1 .. ~_, ll[.~a~~_ ~ ~ _ ..

clJ.la;n,nek~ The~ aim: is; by difeot iQou!htc't~, :":I:nqi[ll't[on~ :~,d~D,d:l,ca:tion :i;lroJd S'~;ud-lY· :to Bet ,aI'S ,close ,8;i, p'Msible t,o: ,ttihe, ,o;t.j:ec~ io:f 'JU;~f ~-'eI'retl., Avo,ll(j1 ,tb,c: ilhecb~rdal~ ru:e~dm,ulad!l)w .. of dati;, be· ,ooins;~arlU.y ftw,ake; ,to ':hJe; :prossjJbH~::t,'· of ,in~em'~.s: .new re~ear~A, ~Kb!n~:,q,~es~~ '1bI~ :NOD.r.d, ,i~WJJ tine;, ,So.fi'tm,o.cu:>Ik: ~S:b,OM~,d, 'bel ,a,. F~efd ,!Otf' Y~'lf' :I,C' 'ivi~,J' :raJbe.f i~'bIln, ;~R ,3!ooumtdlJ~~on ,o~f' da.'~a.~ Tn:oJt, cm,efjjn~': the I'itsuE,ti;, ,o;f :'ll):ur 'r-a~af:th: :ate :Ul :,:ou:~

~ ,i, 'it.." b~ 111",

:llluOt !Ill, ',:~j~e, ,OOr1~~

t:iWEL ....

..

I'

2.1

R,' ~ ~ ...... ~., ~ if.. ~ JtJ'i!l;<'!!i!I:r,~~:

,"«Md'

:2"~'~., ,LCOi~ d, ~lP] .M~fiUj)~e~ ,dam, :~~ ISS' ,a, ,ml@,~~ ftO~~: 10, '~.~~ ,aict,jpit, 'o:if ,dJ~t~ClI.: '('lmJt~,'OJ:

Off ~,): Md :&litn~ . .

l8;].8~ '~ffii~ ~ I'lIIoJid,~' ,in 'the ,D;:d~il.a$ 'to ~tfiCll

Dil~;r t,c¥ ~htl SUD.. ~

:2.91,. ~~~~ l.a'w ~~'Iilre: ,S!!.I!ul' U: ,a, ,caU~,ti]!l)\o gtl" ,Ic'~jlien, and wfiote ,M)l1Ilt d~~: '7~i1) OO~llb~llI~j~. ,CKf d-gJ~jm~,

Il,.:~~i., Qi@r~, hliLera'tred ;i~n SUlllttiS, '~''Ij' '01 ~f~, ~,d'u :ml ,dliLIe rocOl1, 1~DP~ICSj' ~4, doo"Mee 'ioi ·lhil!tnri'OO;'~, ,~fsOinl8ta, tf.~:edl, M, 1h~, ,&~~ (l~~~: lt~f> TSJ~'I~llill}\o SO'itPt. an, ,~t,ol)Qlj~ lifik: ~

, '[WiRifru, ~'IJ!Ilbl., ~

,MtfriLlo:li?' I ~~'~,ili~~ ,Hrad,~., ho~oooo,pe, 'ca~, b,r :Umo, Ji'ona'lt~ 10;£'

i 'O~,~:8 Co~~t";.

m ~1'C'

flljjNO'''ilte liI'iIioo,!:i;,t, ':t!8!1lJ11i;;_liii ·y~!i\AiP!i. caD 'i"OlI1,... ,iiiIRIilIfP,'i'iI:., .... 7Ji, i!\'lInll·V!I:i,"_," 1~!IJ_:_~_~~ ~'!irPi!!l!J'!III;&j'~_lM L~ l~~~li _ 1 ' ~ ~~ __ , ~i~!II:.l ~~\p'~-!I4I_~IL~l~

ObI ~ :f~~'ml' ~' :~~o~;Wd, be: :h~ft '~IDMI!k :foi f~@it., OJil: l~m"'~lJd:

,.tI~~~1 ~uo;OO1!S;D .

s'IJar:t8 I,'ime' ,(liCI,,'(:"'vifll lor ,"mhe.s~rn, ,melmJbcFS:: I~lie:b, ,memIb~1t ,SblJiUJ.d wiQrk QDI the conlkiUoU'OIR lo,f ,a, unlque :lni~~han:~eal:., :111usleal,t. electronie or odleif

~ - - .

'~,n:s;~'rumen,!t'"

lti'~~~j}'r~/,' ~;ot 'D@J S~Qi

,A NfJKDlI),QRi, A!IJ"Qt:l~~:~ ,PQP~'l(/)w'. Cf~/ifj:3J'

p 'flii~~es, 'f:.r·o;ml::: ~~ti,O~~J,,' P~~. ~~~~~~, .

M,o_f:lt. ,lIt_, KIf~' Nif~Atmli~lt

'l;:ae~l. ~ ~ !. i' ,~ C"'~ ~ ~ ,._".A" ~;-.= iif"!I! c ~ .',~. -

,I.' .~ ~~mlll)l~~ii),y~, cWl~liW ,J[" ,~i' '~eil".:,e:r,r:'()'

;;r,,· ,I~ ,I~rl!l{~ ISltU,' ~~1f'. MJI., I'fll.c'i .. :

a~!i! ,p __ , ,C~~.gr$· ~

I~'J ,I'eoilim Sm:h'.Ma'l;'trrg,:· P~fJ"'Tt(Jt' ~~~w~, tfl'C.'

(b.:l~, ~~ :fo.r ,t\,a~~Q(w'

AI~a:i'l( 2 ,1~!p!,;Q~~'$ait~'j1 ,R~~\~~ ,[Mm I/ke ,~,(:)ok '~N/'t,rJrr\e ,~t,~tJJ' ,H"l~~" O;WD ~~~~~ M~ti lu!flOti)

~ :~'nltia'hl"O~ of 'il'~ ,\UibCI

'Co,a~~.i:Rr~~~ti',~~, Gt' ~b~l :,~~ .

'De'~,la'llo!B, "lOt)!' ,mf..\1. ,of i.~~~ltl!lJti:OJ.1I~, d,ee(U'j~li~j:OH:,~ ,eaLlI!1!id;dl~!i:Otli, :8OWDD$~N~

:lli, AJi~:~~l~. ,~~b' :~n, :3J ,~i~L$~~ '~~j pl~yerr :s;~11 w-rilre: 'QF ,dM'W

,on ~ii;;cb'~fll~e"~ ;lim'i~rD~~ts:'Cil~'i~i[~;p,I!JfY'~ilr,,(im,WJ,~O'ft, ~ .

~o: ~a'¢:!tiO,QI o~: $o;li~~ liS; ~~~ ~, mfGiMf~ lb,' :~, :P'~I'~~~' :Ift~r '!bmS! :ooJ.~"~'" nQiil" :~,ElVi: f,~j;~d, 't'h~s 'W,n~ull 'C!~ d'r.~,Wli~g~ ,oUllt:Jr: '~bJ~Jl mJ!jn:t~"

C~~iJiIl r:,i;'t~ ~ ~-h play.er. ~h~aiWi, ,~ '~h~' ~mlOl:r:~'S, :fr,oml ithe

,iI:::""'~,'II"""';:;;:I'l!;' ,nt~' ,,,. .... ,O,t!l!o'f:lt 'P- J~I'"".r:iIi:'~ 'v ;;osrUl:" n,~,nmo!';;:'II'!i;;;!;;'tf,;!'!iti!O, r:iiilil, 'ii,L.;;. '_lilji."!I·~' ~-J*;I!af!?'~ l~l~~I ~~ IW!Il ~I.'_I . ,.~I; ." [j .~. ~ ~.~ A y ~ ~ P'''!r.'ti ~ .~I!:I.tP.~;lij'H~I',~~ ~._~ ~~ ~~~""~'~l

~~n 'w:h~rn'ru '~he ~~'!i'~lS: 1!l!~,,.'tJ ~ bc~n; 'Cirased, flO., r-'Og~F &~,I rn~~.,

:,ill, 'O~,~: ,of' h~ 'ijf, m~on, ~Iltie~o,me:g .m~.y '~~ ·.~l Si3!m~ Il',i~!~:

t~' ~. w:o: ,I~ ffi[[ii.!t"frl)','1,1js '!Il~.m, :tbilit ~s: a;~~tj]" :m P,!\O~~):

(bl~iJi'k !pQ!~ (~f' a,<Ild~:'I'ou) ~JCU;.~.:_.'P Rr~so~'

AIJ~~~ ,3, LUl' (J/ ~(i~$,il~(}.n$

;:It':,,~~:~'''-l}~'~\I:

''[te'ftf ajLey'~ iWJ' C'. ~ . .

'Q~t'Qrn.lb~1i HI~blls)i :Vql~~'i~~f;J :S1~.ikh~rut5$llh ,,~b:!i" iltn ,Stl'b'(!f,"I Tql~1t!

'WI '1''1'-' :01'· . - -

, ~,~ 10', :'Ii!:~!, ,~,if~.;r ~

le~P\j' :VafmtI0'.Pi5J ",r ~rc.

'()~lllf£k, palO ('Or a4diui)'u)'

A;PL~!l'iW~ ,4 ~p,e(JI4 'fr"J't;~I~' ,(j~d ,$AAple'meil!l(:J~' L'Itl~t~"J~~' '~~";ma:nt ':~ ~,~ es):

""u.~ ... _ .. ,pas· c

,A~t timfc: ,o:f' p~nJ; 'I~ i~~, ~'hc, O:fiQ!h~lnI, ~ ,CiI) MCD"beu,. :M:OR: ~ '~~h:~OL~'.' ·,A, ~~~'m.S: to ,~~, dNft ~ .. tWlUltll)!il) ,i!iEtd, i~m~i~'OO; HaJlilii'~I: ,~'~O':~bt, :PI'~I (tb~, -.~ ~~ ·Pl!"j,H~ h'll,~~ralIJ ~Q~~~~ '~:J'\!.~'~'~;'btIiJ :~;',t~~, ,1m,' .. ,:~ ". ~.:' ~j ,:~rH~J!~il'd,

, ~iII\Iii; 'Ii!i'~ ,r~,· ··,,",,1' ""it;, ,lif"("'I~· '., 11] "i2' iIIiIn, ".,.-'-:<" .... ~.iiIIii, ':",>11 11" , ......... ..111 - ~

'iWn!I!IioO'i ~\D ~,g'~~'Iii!'!!I' ~'!I!!Ioe,wiji, ~ !IL~' "_. ~ .~, 'U;I:~~"",' ~.~ Ii ~,p;II,lI!(1).imIi,

G!ftj,~~ .

'QjL1!'~ ll,~\iJ

,

..

oif.'

. "

-d"~'" ~[!,"lI '!.+

..

....

' ..

Itf ... iI

~ .. rr..- :jI ~ 1o'I',i!!"'-:..,..~ "!'" ~. JI •. _ ............... .-;] ........ ill;;;; -:'*

'S·. ~ 1

-: ;~j

.. - Ii,~~~

•• ~!Io

~-

",...; .... tic .. ,_··;O;;'; .... '-IIiiII ....

~--

...

,., _-_ I

11.'0.

,~,

, .

.. ' Ii.

._

. ..

--

."

.'

..

"",'



- ..

..

-.

I •

. "

''!Ii ••• oR [ill]

.. .. ;~

• -r-... I" ,uIl!

..

• J

· .

• '11

. ..

--

.. 11.,. ."-'1

:a.1 -.

..

~'!l"

..

-..

. ~_

...

"

. ,

Ie

- ,

+ tI'"

e .-i.

.!!i

"

"" . '

~ •.

- , .

.. - ,~

.... irt.1N1

..

~ [I_ 'ill

• 1[1 .,~ 0'"

. , .

I

~

~~ ..

. I!

" .

..

,p.

, "

, ,



II Ii'

11"'- • • I

,.01 II'

"

I,

'i

. .



"-

,~ ,

'.1 ... i·

...

.. ~. ;,j

- _" • Co o!l.-

~ .~

~.,

".1-

r I ..i. ...... ,.(I!

• I ~ ..

,.,

"

•.

. . ~.- III ...... ::

" "

..... o·

..



.. .,. •• 1 ~ •

~~~ .. 1-':

, , '

'!I"; ,.",

...... ~ I -\"1. "' ......

I ..

,"

'.

, ,

· .

. .

~.I' ••

... ,\ " .;, ~._ .. [1.1 ~ , ...

.-.'_'

- -.:.';'!

..

. .;:

..

• ;' loll

. '

..

.'

-- "t ~ : ~"I" '_ J: t_: ........ 1: ........ ~

..

. .

_ . .. .... , .--. ...

Iii;;;' .. ,II,.

;, _

, , -

~.

-. ~

" , .

19i1

,

• r . "

.' '

t . ;"

~

. ,

,.

. .. ' '

'i r "IiI

e.,

I".. ~

_~ ,

~ ,

'.

--

(Po

.. [~. :~iil

. ~r .i\1i!'

.~

..

, .; . ~

_'

..

II ~.. - ..

"l:H " ...

,.' i.- . <illl

,,,,0"

IIIl I~ ..

r~··~·

",'

- ~

.~r'if' .... , r. .. I • .II

~:.'-"~ IJ'~_~ ... ~, .•• ~.;;. 1"~Ii!J .• -_.' a.~~I111§~(

I -~=_

Fn'r all;!' nu.mi'ber illOili1,V-;·:.,ti'~ .:11y· t:1; n· 'Bach trarrae

.' ,"

- BB-:-' - i111i'iJijl,g'd 1~,o;!I;!!Iiii'-'.. ~i [iI!!l <g',:_,

,(:'wax'

t~.'._.n!t :j' ':5.'0

:·d., ·,·n ... .v"-:Ij

'BP'

" 'H ;rnLn H ',"':lWAliiIo 1, ,!'!IJi"'""'f:h;;'{u ,'"",. ' ..... 1.1"

'l,g: ~a\!l:~ t;a:bil,~/) ,ii' a:Ol:l!Qr'B :f.li,mIoo·l t'o bel :g top-pc"" d :t.,

""an'" ·t:···

4 .

"- .. '_ -'

l"iR.· 'the

,;h. u'jp'_r' tlil:ree: 'Dione 'tb :n,qt: ,d,d

't'&:r I. 1.8'11(1 liholuld ,-- t, ._rt:1 BliJL

DCA: .i ,the

,\1'& Jt;r.tasft.1 th., hl'i;rli(~.'t, ~Itr'ln( 't.o, h 'use,d ,Bid ·tr.'~, :1111 it:1 '~Oi

Illut:. lTibal-I" "',8 ::r1il"gb;t 'b;" Co d O(~" 9i.a'cJlJ, fro

;] t,.

!8 'i,i,:

~, 'd" -.ct .. · .. - ,.',

'lft· )·I,'C' 8 :

0'" t~h. "OO~I

:,,'fl :118 'r-\e,,.·e{· :s'n:tB: t:;,: i ftC' 'i,81 -.J 'ne j~ 'w· i,eh, OI_:ec:

'U1Ii'lIIMb';'D'r--:-:lilii, ,1!i~'~~.1 .'IOI!1",1I!!I!

lmaw'i, 'nil AI,l pi ~yel"9 'the' a:a:me &TJJ.)'UD,t -1D,lt:;I'

fii1..'iimh·ar 'tn, 'tblc

AOAO

'-. t· . ,;I;,'!Lo, .. -.

:_, ~lil!l'

i;Dd,I::·-:te "thel 'filu'llfbBi' -, .'9. pl.8l7ed, .., bel ,,:(a,.-4 "...:11 c"f'tolr',~, ftey ,ap,. to, 'be

r:~ Jb" i"" 8 'J~i ~: t~".

'""'0:11 fp,··. 'Oi¥GlJit. :Ia~, 'l,lI;O\k~d,



,1,:1'1'110 •. ' 'iiI 'chi- .

eli" Pi: ',ue:·.,c;ed, ftO,'lr'- ilind

'ft;Qi" wi.''tiI, 'tftifj'

biG' 0.(1" all the !bawln: ... ~

(-',(-: , . -

("" ,t=--~: :Blt =:.l1'DiJ'" 8'1 vi ' 't·.'!L.·. ,.._-- _. ~'~~I.~ l~ _ '

t:hiQ;t

I.: '~el

~j1:p ,t:'ha;t ·lbo,.'

:_.·'_:8,

'mext. :!"::f!,a1m .. "

'bartn, tOI-8 t'her at t,h. ,same o~ ,the ma:tc ri al .•

'bu,t' not _ - "IPrJll:-!,tedl,y

'iiiV"i J: ftt'~ ,r···ilr.JJj.LIIil --:

and

a',t,

,Chrt iJ :PaibnI8'r,'

+

,!A!'I", 7:'-

v.

-

P'I-----E'-'-'-C'~E F'O'R--' "5~'T--:-~-'R'I-N-~'G~'5-----'

'_" : ' " I : _ _ " -, I :: - i -, ' ~ , : : ,i ',' __ ,

: : . i _ '.J--_--~--- .. '''_~_--_-_''.:' .. _-~~_.:.. '~." ," .- ,: :: ", . . ,! . : w tw >:~ j ~'. j[ "," ,i. :l~' I' ,I

I~ "I

,_

'~

3):

.10- -

,

,

40

,

I

- -

AID,

!P ee'

I ", ,--l.

,

I - --

" -

_,

~, I i I:

" i

I,

!' ,::iii)

ill,

',~"'-' ~

~: ,10'

: :

I

I , I

, I

: ,--til

-------------

--- ... -

i,i~,.___ '. 813----- -,

~' i- :--:

e= sa

-~. . . .

ri ~- ." - .

[, J • '~

EF' EEI- ,

, ,

, .. ;________:_:

, _- J~·.I

,

Ii.

~ ~

1.0

'20' "

, ,

:[

: '

i i

·SP'----," :ce-' :

_--- ',1" i

. - - .

. .' '..

951,

I '~ , "

':'---- - ,"

:f2FI"- " 'EB"', -~'

---

, .'w • --l

, ,

• !!II,' ;

t: ... rr

I

I
i
I I
! I
i
!
i
ill .. i
i i
[. III,
I ..An ~

o

:'

"

i

, ,

4P-- ~--',,---'

"

',', __ w."

ep- e:a- ,

[_. ..,

[ ---,

, .' . !

7P 63--

, "

,-' . i

~- - __ , _. j

-

-- - - - I

!IIIi,..' I

I

Ii

II I

II ~ I

I

; ii!C) 1._...........~fJ '

!

i:

40

,

,

·50--"""

' ' _'. -'

o

I

!

'.

i

I

!!

I

'I -:1

78' -j

.. ·.:··i .. _: _ _- I

.' . ."

'!P~=--'l 'Ei3]" -- ,-,'

'. .'w, ,l i.."-

, ,

!P 39

' .' r

,

,_-, ' __ ',I

,rtI:t:]1 '£.J';,:}

J

'~'

~l

0,

~, c:(

,

,

0:: o

00, -,

I." ..

, .' '.' .

,Cl[

,,., ~ ,L_".., ~

VJ

!

.

UJ

'~."

-'-

0··'····:

.~.- r=:

,." ~

o

,

... '.'

, ,

C ~-,=-..~..........._~ -~-,~ =-j"- '0,

~8·] .... T-- ........... Ti:_~~·~r'r_~ •.. ~~r~ ................................................. ~~~ .......................................... ~~~~~~ __ ~.........,..~ .............. """"""'.......- ............. ~·~N •••...• ·.,g

r ••• '~

• .u..1""";;;;;;'- -

"

~l

.

,

' .

'u'

-

Vii

• ..

ai, '. ..::11,

'-.,-

• -w'

-

,

~'L .1

" .

e; ..

.~

• r

-:

.. :.. .:

.'

TVVE" ~N' TY"F1VE' "YE"" AR' ~C::'S"FR:'O'M"S" 0":"'0 A'T].C"~H::

'.,",'," : .. ' ' ,- t . ','::._l,:_'" '!;-_-I'~-I:':' :,; \ " :" :'~-. " ·~i."J~

L __ t'~ .~ r' - • , •• _,_' ' __ '.~L'._._._ .. _. ,~-

:r;--. --

,~~,

;!!I~

_ .

. ~:l-~

';11:-,.

~,

r.~,

Brecht & MacDiarmid

R h A"" ,~,

.~ -~- •••• ~ __ 1

JI· ' .. ,'., . I '. I,' •• ' I I'. ,.' . , :

ese a : ret ",C'S":(: )e,' ",I: a 1,1: es

__ w _ ~ ..._ _._ • ~ I "-' II " , ~. _ ' _ t.. _~ __

~

ii :IA'ND 'Ii'S'S, IT,UMB'LQ![QAltI,IQrl:1 I'NmRMAlrIOR 8:81,.1 'IN,o •. 1, 1(6 :SleJ,'t,. 119[69:)

i I - - - _ l~:. _ _ ow g _ - - .

• 1

"

:: I

~~ . .. I

.J: :

s :

':~ ! ';';' : .y.1

"' ,

; ,

.. ;. :

.; .... '

.::~~.~

. i·

. I

, ,

'l:'!!'A:I1&~"'''_A'" cou -I' 'd"": 'b' ".6, a':"",C"~i'i'!t'll-p.~L,;IIi IIL,~,~ liii!i;:~i""t""h", "ie(r."~ '~w m,a:,-·;~,""',"",,'''',!''''iI!Ii',l '1H"i1A,t'h: IA,..=t" ,(''I'ijI:1" ,1I~~'i" n",~Jfjj'

'~~>'L;~;~ i~.s.,~W, C:w '",' 'Iii' ~ ""''''''''~'_. ,~"""g'''''Q" ~,;iIl,.""_" ""'"~ I~i~ '''''"'~~-" ,~'Iii? ',' """Ug ".;IIU , 'Co

~ :a A,~--;- w; .... ]i~I!PI" ,iii!;, fi " ,ill· 'Wi; ;i!!i;,'!I¥irA't: A-n,c,rrt·!M,ollIN! rn d1 D'GI"Ef~4t if,Il iii, 'M Ub-'1fNir'es sur'G 'ifl:ij ·t;· ,di,'M, ." l't'r .aama'

~ [~[~-~'L"'I.,WI!5.U .,. liIi. 'E: w!u '. ' ~;_i"-'Il _ ~ __ ~' ~ '~, .. ~ ... __:__ .' _I ._.'_ . _ ~ ~_ ~:~I _ [~ Q ['I " -'~D.J i -:r~---I' .:__ ' __ ~.:_ '.~ I '._.' l __ J~_ ". "-iI~1 _ _. J I - ~ ',_ : ,-

~: f't..1 ,iI'iii 'l..,~,ai'iii',1i_V"rA a":I]A :d'" ',Ii t,', ,,1: v' ,A:iII. • l,n,:~ 1/Fi't:~~: :~:l'-:""r~,iI!i:IA(t'~l"! ,In,,,"1 In,:.' ~l'l~d" er"iiiI'I!iI',t'"" IA'~ 1"'!'ilI~·,iii!i;Mt'::B ')1 ',o'r:

'Q,.!I" !Ilt,'" ~ U ... , ~~l " "iii' ,!j,i, " '~!IOilI 'I -I!i!!!' W'IC!!I "" ~,. ,;!.IiI !IIo;L",. v",""" , VN; V ~ ~". - .. ,"~ lI,3io,,,,," ,",,!I,ilL;L ;I;,~" ,~, "

t't..- 'I' "1-1' "t d' ',,"" "'m 'I'!jj"" 'U'n'lOiiiIi'iB)' '"b"""'" '" ,iP' a ''':Ii .... ,..... ."

, ~,eT_,-i,,':., '\,:s.u1g",8@9':":'@', ~r1' n, •• 11!i1e .p~-'":"" :7' ''Q;Bi·e· 'Q.~. :_""" ~,e\r. .

I'

!Our r'eis;ea.rl,c~ 01:0 tb.1 .• , pr',o'j,ei1clt 0:0'Y:8r'8: ]geoll'Q':gi"e:a,l',1 (IN!:t!''a.Dogra,:p1b1,ca,1., .,o!!o:io,:lolgi,ca,l,1 ,e'c:o,n,olai,c,1 ,.'D,IQ Oltber' ,B,Spleot,:s f'OiUD'd. t01 bill r'e:l,"1'8o,t·. "

'RI e:8u'l',t, s: 'w11l be, ,c:!(lmmun..ioate'dl t;br,o!ulh, ,Il :B,er'1"e'8: o·t' P:U;,b,l1cB,t:1,oa,ll" e:xh1,b1't·gt an,d lec:ture:8,. 'Y'o,ur' :1,d"ea", op1n1oiD.e, and" 1,D'Q,u1:r:1Ie:e Br,e

1nvl't ed,. ."

" ,IJ. "~ .r ' " ,>I,~,

~. ~

. ~":Br'ficht 'f 'B.SiO,.

-

- - - - - -- -- -- -- - -

.

- - - - - - -

'I!115' ' ,~, ,

[I

, I ; I ,I

",I' I"

, '

1\ 'I: V, , A" AJ 't

I 1 I' I

'; 1 ' ,~,

I • l I _

C!

" - " - -, - ~ - - - . ,

. /-,'.: ,,1,"-' I

. '01~frNl·

, :'

, I , ;

'i

I

, !

! , I

i

, ,

, ; i : I

l

. ~ .

.•

~

I

~ ~

~ "/'

,I " .:

{"."J '.' ,r/'.1)r/ :1,_

'I., I~~,

.1

:'

Ii I

.. ,>, ;t l..}i" ',.11'

, : _, : ,I '" . ' 'lP!'

': rl··

, ,

n.

L' ... ~k.

"0"

.

J

II ,

I

I '

. I •

I

'"

: ,ili·

: !

I

,

,~ i

I

.sr-

-

,

"

"

.,

: I I:

,

I

, ,

I II

I:

i i

I

: ,~,

, '

I

!!I;jl

L i

i

, I

I, I

~J

~ :

[~

I , I ,

, ~

I ,

I

, ,

II 'I

1-

, i

, I

I,

, '

'. I

,1 I: [ I'

i I

!

----. I'

.'

, i

I I

j I

[ I

'I'

,',

..

I' 6,']

III"" 'i



.'. '!

, , '

I

I

; I

Ii,

. J. i

i

I

, I

" I l

I:

I'

i

I I ;

I

I

[I::"~

[,~

I

1 ! I

f i

,r,' -,"J

, I

[

! '



: I I

,!II!J,

Three, four or five players to an ·· •.. ·.~estra;. designatethree as 0), (2) and (3): they play the above, (2) in the first sequence giving the cue (by playing) for attacks".

a'e-n', '"Y'C, -/0·,-,- .... ( Le---; '~ily",- i 'dt lo ·'.]~i n- ;- 'g"". I ~S···,-I·O'I fo ~ ;'il---:-I relea ;:-: ·s-;:'e: --! Ii "I'~' "n'-' th A 'P,~C:'- -:-O:,I,n-:! d '''e---- :-g-~'-- Ul'~: 'e-en- - . 'ee::., '(""3~:,'):1, 'O'~I 'V: ,'/iQ.J,Q, ,~Li, 'el- I :a·'.··· I'tt" I-itll ICi<lL~ C'--'_-:U' c' e~:'Q

. '.: , r ,,'_' '_I ~-" U~_"-" ~'C___~':____- _" "I .JP,., Jl.\..f·>'<,il '----'---- ,_: ~t""'" !i;JI'~.'.,_> ~____:_, '.' ~!" I : 1<: !. [<:1"'" "-:-~:'c/ 1:I1.lll. '._,' va Il!.JJ,<- [-_ ,1-.-,![iIi."_'~' <, L _/ii;li~1

The C[:-,~:m::-Q/':, "'~:"~ ig:~_" pla ye ,1"'l~'_ '~II:cf,J any, play :a~" '81: the '~y'-'_.-' choose ·W····:l~:,thr"·:-,: [(i"'l~ )..... :(-':-'-2-:])':" cr ,'(J':3~::')"i,

-- ,v ',,,",,,a L, .. _' <::- ._~ ~_'~.' >£~, .- :.:_', .':'_<:-::"~ ~-",:,:,_, _o':,~'_:_:' ,0 ".i_.: ',I., "'"",' ':'""'""_:"~--'_~-- i,';Ri'

Black notes are more or I ~ ~-:S, "-~UOIn:i-' white offree ,dura.tll --::Il'~i

A, diagonal line through a HOI'te ~; a ,SIOU:Dtd quality some hat shifted from the normal

on---1e' '--", (":.'10"-:"'[-;: '::-:, hat Y"""'O"'-"'-"u' .' 'm··"·a:'··'y· ,I,' choose ""CO"'--\- d '-!m'~'I':g'-' i'- ate 1'Ji!I[[;!i D" 'IO"'---"rm' .--" -".- 'a--'I~')i of the S~'CO'-'~''-'''U' !", nd producing

--,,'~'.:, < ,"1,_.1.' ,.'___:I~._: .. _~:,:I, I:, :,.'I.',«:::_-'" '<i:!V~,---,'-- "._-:.,-1,:: U() ,"i<, '.' .1--- .. > ',~, t.!..c __ IV .:~·I":!_I_~-!.L:'_. ,~y, __ ,,_'''i',:",I-~JI .. :~,

means available.

:2t :=:: two timbres, simultaneous, successive 'Of' overlapping, Repeat the 'first sequence as often as (2) cues it, then repeat the s (.3), cues it~,

26"'-

: . ~.'

"L.~.

,_ I IU ;!I)

'TWENTYFIVE YEARS·F.R.OMSCRATC~H

,:;- ..

-'~'"

-.

~.

L4.

il

[.

._'.

I· .

_.

_ .. -."1

"_"

o

.

.'-j

!Iii

' .

..

.....

,_

. ..1.' I"

.Q

. ,_.

.. ,Jif .......



".

-

_.

',_

I)

,~'"'''04:.~'''''-''' .... "'_ ....

iii,



..

,Ii!'

""

' .

-e

".

'.

'!I.

,ii

....

1 .[

'1

_ ' _ , .. - _ - __ _,;0- -. .. - - - - - ~ - "'iI, " """' - .,.;,- -- - .

",'

.'

'"

I !

il

'I

'I

..

.,

..

'.'

r ...

._

~- -<-- .. -

. I.

". -::-;s~O': ......... I'Ii· .. JI'JI'

to

.,

...-:-.:-'-

'~

.... "

'~

............ '

'--,§o;

~

..... -.- ..

~

-~,

""-4

'l"

'.

!II'

'TlA,WN':,T! :y,:'FIVE··' """'",,'YE, "Al?"S:'F,"R"'·"O'" :',M',"· 'S'~C'.',D AT·'.C,:H:-'

, ,... ".lI..:.il ,'~ . .' r '. .' • t"1..JL"-.r . . " " .... "~' . ',' " . ,"", .. J..~" " . -' .

-': ,.-

.~ .

~~

,.

, ,

t 1

f

,

,

,

,

.



J"

.'

~4,"-""

,

'",' [ ,

• r", "

, ~"

, , '

," . I," .

~.' ,~,,',.

, '

rJ • - •

... "_ ,~----

~1'~·1·····

- - . ~ 'l .

,_.': ", ' .

,Ii '. ", ,"

.: . . , .

,

, - ' ,"

~ I

~ : ~,' [I

[,

,J::. i ']. ii

'- ,; I: [,.' i

,:,,~:

", ']

. - ".-;.,

, . ",

.. '.

'i' "._:

1 ,I:.,

, :1'_:":

"

r _,"

,_'-' ~.,

~' ,.

- "

...... ,.,_

l

" "

\ .1 ••• -.

: I ...

, . -

.:: ...... ;.

• :; .. - I' I

. ,

" - . ~ -

: . ~ ~I .' ; •

[~ I' ~"-'-- ..

"'~

. '~, "

• I _ ~

.. ............

I', .. ~. .~- ... ..... I,' ',.

• I I~~..G ..';:'. . _.

.. '- ~! ~.~" ~ ~ ~ - ~ .: ~

.. ~.~:~.,y: .' ~ .. >t~ :.-; ~,.".' ..

• " •••• -' I ,-I ..

~

,~ o

.:lt

~

'~



.'~"'"

I . • .

,',

': i 'I ,. I

,'~':.:!:!i """~- ,',:~,

.:. . .... '-

~'

,,'

..JI' ,

2:8

, ,~. ~- .' '. T' -Y" '"Pl- VB' ,- :- .. 'y'"

e" ,,·w·.'·r",_.lNJ-·' , ,' ,~ ..

","",,''':J..:.::~ i ~ L:' c_~. ,:",' .~~ .

'flg"

[£:- .. :'

.j

...

30·· ..

...

,·Q'M:"'_ :- ,8- ~'",,-- ,C-. 1'£:" ,·· ••• _l •• ~l~ . nJ

B-C- b C·--·-, "

', ':,' ',' I _'.-, 'F

..... 01_ ••• 1._>011

,_

S· e:'-,i:- , ........ [OV' 'Ie--'D'" TO- day

'. __ .1. __ IUJ l e r I 1.J I ._'.JL ,_ !_ ~~ __

31

:j

~. ,"" ~'N""·.· -T~u·FI· 'VE:jf YE':. '::A,':n'_~' '~R~.··· iO··: :"" '(S'<C<~jIll!)\ ~T:~C·-':~'

to ~. _' t :: ~ ,r .• 11 . ~ .. ~ ',' . I I' .ru',o! ,1~·· __ ~·._I .. I ~I .', _'" __ - ~ ~~ _·._.-Llolil

[ _.--- - - - ---.- - - - -

,Ba,cb, sc;t_ of two W'O,~ __ -~, -, is: repe ate d over '&' .. over . at: '8, moderate speed, Keep 'to 'dl,e :'iu~m . rica I) order given.

Move to Q, new word s""e" t··-· a··t'- your o "'w'"'n di liscretior

. __ .. '\j~ .. ~:):' 1m 'cJ}'."''._'':.~,i.;:'''':~'~', '. ,'_UL~ ._:' :'I1! .. '"U) '.!'·'i,:' .. U,-)~'I::lL\j, ~·l:-: ::Ii'

Th i :::e~.:, w,:':7b":D(:I:':e.":--"1 to be ~'U'-:!i'nll;:) ·tb:· :~:'rl '0'.-': .0;' ;gb.·;~;\i five tim res

I ',: _. _ • '.~. L •• J • • "]_ ••• ,- ,",. • ~ c"".,' __ I ..... ~ .. ' ~.~ _ u" ---. .: "_ .' ,I • - •• :_ •• - '.~ _) _ .~~:.:.~. ,loJ:. ',_.' ",_ ," ",. ' ' __ :_: L •• ~ •• ~ ..

-,_,' - -'

Sing aSI low.as y'OD comfortably can,

.' · •• 11 .. '."::V.':-,z_!d,_.\.yc7Q;.'·, .. - .. -.;:I"".·, ..... :,.':'" .... :: •.•...... ' " 2-1:)'/"1>':,'-,1

_ _ _ J~ ~J,i 'I l .... '._':~~, ~: _' '1 ~.' .<~: .. ,

. ~ .

-- {. -;' .... ..:

,

1f'i ifli . 0·" ft. ,"1.8[·,c.l' ,l,-i,,~.·. l,Ji·,·.'riF.',ll, ,e...'. ff" .,. ",-' -'l!f' 'I ' i' .11 ~

. .'~) " ~)l.r: I.., _ ~ .U l!l n.e c' Q: . : .i.n. CLi·. ._: JUj, "'~ r ': S, , 11,IIUtli.

. .

M ] a;r·~Jre r~:s:lo·.~',Ual& t, SI. f'i'~.'"ll:il,c:ei 'I!'

;Ii!!;., .r , . - ~I- . ~, _

,:l~ V'O Fi (.l111 e h A a· ,Si. hI, 01 C: t o f '~' o o d. " . S; (U;w e ~. sa i l~: ,~.: l. d. a 6. GJI o d, b a~d.l~·,t;~ r •

};,a,e'h' l~H~' r~; on d, r fl \'~r 3, a 11 Hie ()r~ h 1. a tl b EH!' t o .t' u,o 't"s;, l1;,J ~.)_ P lU~/:6

~~J' d ~.t ~,b~. l' ~ :,a s '~lU lE! ~J i ::leI e is t rt;l. v e .LUng t;bb.C li u IS

'~~'~'J haJ!,~~jt~l ,s tru ... e s.,

10. ,~~'t,i,l.i.S,~i ,', ~'h, "·l.ea,ne'l~ ,_ 1 t, can be' SCITU!U!'lEl u,i.l~t',e,;['iejl L ,fo,!' e'(icb, :E:3,lo~an .... ' "H, 11.1:3; IOU, t tlle' f i,rs, t ;~ 1 o[~;r-u;.l 'iu. l w,~, tUJ'~:a.,l, r,!1v - ~ td.~ ,"

;:: h e~, ,~v it'! r,~· 'ol~ if~1 t' e pie a ~,:o i t In :t n ~ i~.'[IJri' ,t h~t I~; :l.'v'e·"u ;i] ~',,~ ,~"

11~ i "'"l aj, ., ~,!, tho r~ I 'v ~", ~ "'!IIi" i s P 1 ~ t,' •. ~ d 0 j ~ eo I'~ 0' 'r,~ ,~,i3 t~Ln 1 ,S,'(l.~'.il iH';:Ji~ii[e ~

:.' : .. ::. '~:-.' ,~; ,~."~;. "'~"j'~~' J~ ~ . ~- ~ "'.~'~.~. i,,_,'~~';' ' ...... • ,'~~~~~: ',~ " ,.,":; ~~~i:'~ :,:d ~~,~ ,.J " .., ,

~I ~ ,r [0 ~~, e ,,;!, ~" ~~ .... , t.1 0." Ii, is IS ,u fI U t ( .. ~~ , ,j1" .. ,ut,,o!io, ,t: ~l ~ ~ a I.

IF

~ ~l ~I '!!i!'ii<:"",': ' ..... 'i r~"IiI', ~ r'i ' f, • ,:,~ ':p,i ~ 'n" - ;~ I, [1- ...,," .p. o!"1ii i""'" ~ iF'iio '1k~,~, [I'~':F!. ~,iIiI; ~. ;!.''lil,t..:lii IU: 'llO, '~i_~. ,..4!i

~: il'.,~ i!i'~ l~ ,,!!i,.~ v,~, ~ '!I ,_. ,.:Ii. '!II '.... ,iII,,£;iIio, _'. ,!Ii~, 1.0'''-; ~ V .:I. ,~, "" Ii.,i """ ',' Y!!IIi, "'" ~ [1,1,',"" ""'" " .. " . Il,.pii"" ...... A,.... ..

~ ,

~

1

"

J'

...

....

...

r

...

,;

I . 11

co J~~,t l.:w,,;, 0, f ~~:,() l~,

,Ii!

1,:;1:

t'l,

8

"',r

It~lIi'"l.g, \,./' II: ,j!:, ","co

~' '~,. ,_..\!,,,, dii:H':li, 'Iii'~ "t4i 'n"~' t~; l~l~: &;.,,:

~ !I. ~ ¥ I~ [~ ~":~I,~,Ul ,._ l·_l_~ , " ", y, &r~

.'

"'h i':'"1ii"~,~

-!h" '!II ~",*, ~!Qi

1U,

00" .. " ~,' ~ '" ! .... ,' ~ 'L .1i':1:

-_ !I! ~1 '! .:i.1iL.

'I".

1~!Ci ur

.. r .-: '; I,' ..•.

_~ .. ~ I '._.~ ,:~

" ,!i

'ill

J.Jl

!t'Ii, '," Ule.

1 Lt

~: .r -' ~ ~~, ' .~

It (},_. _ .. , ... , ... 1.

iiioll C"

.! U. ~'" ~ I~

• .

- .

- .' '::-1

I /~. ~ _. : :: .. ,.

l~", ",ill .. ,., .. ,11

+

~

-'!II OJ ." .. ~~'~' •

;l!'U~ ~ i r ~I ~~, ~'U .'r,~J:.11I!I

...

~, .

JI - .-~.~ t~~

.r,' • t'

, 'I -, I"

!, ~II ... r,~" ".

.g:.,,, .. ,_ .', ' .. .!!l' .....

~",. ",' ........ '",.' ~ ~ .~' ~l .. " ~",., U '~.dJ ,"i t. 'L"r' ,L r. :!] J.!,., t- ..

., 0;...... . - - .V·

i,n

J .... J

1 .~_: :.. ·'_1

,r· _ ..... ~ ..... :.~-: rl ·"'1 ii' il ,~- > )t K :);!.: . X

'VidI~~L ~ .', ." r. ~ ••• :: ',,~

l:~!~,. I

..

. ~

i

.,

. ,

;,

,fI,



;,

0\

..

~

.

Ii·

I!!"

.'

~I

I If

e ,

.

"

,

L

~.

• .... I • , .0::

"I' _ ' .r __ • •

• " ... - •• 'I'" 1iiiO ... ~,~.II •• "

• 1"

-. c-c, .- -, 'it th., C'" ffi . Im "11"11 ('19'·7'1' )

N,aiIs'D the Cot .m 0" : mperialism t ", ','·:i; \i .

. ~ .. _. ' - _.' , ," '., __ ".' _. -_ .. __ ·l. ll], .1 .... ·l , , ... <. _ ... " . '·0' '.' ••••• ' •• , .... :.l·-~"-. l_. l._": .~":' ••

"Jil ,!") ,.:;Ii .::JII

T~fE'NTY'-'IVE 'YE.ARS F,RIO;MS'CRA TIC:,H:

- . - -- .. - _. - - --- - .....

dl ~[

I ,I

iI·!I !!!l'!o
~ ",
; Iii,
'iiI
, '.~
.,
'j: ~'~
I,
I I
,;:s. ,~ 'i'

~
I,.
I iI'"""'1
t... [~
I~' ~I
II I
i ~J ~
c." i ~'
1'""""'1' I. 61, II!!!
,iU;!J I I Ii
'; i~~ ~, ,'"
,j iIo1
~ [WI II.&!' ,~
" I ~ ~
y, [~ :
~ e Ii,) '\Ill' I!it ,~ 'U
'r,.,Ii J .... , i
,[I 'U i [, i Ui i6 '!.Ii.
liiliI, <IioJo rUj liaF 0( ;;C' 1iIi' i!!li. Ii( ',.;: ,t; <t" i ii,;..j, ~
.'il ~ j I t_ j j- ~ ,r ;. i ~' !JI
lllU C " 'IY V .. 'ilflo ~ ~ ~ U ~ 'Y "I
, l!: ,'"'" Z:
Iiij 'z!: ~
'b ~, '",," '';'
'2 • 'J;, ~ ~, iCii! ' :
~ .. , ,... ~
'~ • .x: ~ 14;1 g ':I: I
~ ,:!i;: 'Iolt •
I_ I- f '¥. .;g, a f!' .!J .~[ ~ ~'
!EiJj :::t: I: I~ ~
"'ii, Z :~ C ~. III' £' ... ' 'iI!ij, ,
,:Z; • ,u I ,~ .. ,,.,i
.;f j I~ 9 it 'lit' e ~ ~ Q;
~ 'J!lil; r ,~. I~
W ... I~ '~ ~ A ~ ~' (~I :;i!t: '","" ,~=,~ • ...._ ,-

e---:-." ., .. -.,,--;,~

[ I~-

_. -,_. .

'.

~ .iilIi'-r: . a: !;It! j:~h Musie 1(" t97l)'

~_, .•. ~ , " l __ '! .•.•• __ ~ ..

[~ I'" ~ "'!IJ-.

,~ ........

,~ :00

1-"': ~I'~'

I •• [~

.' ::z;

~

..... :

, -I

.~

'.~., !



,

,

, .



,

,

,

.

i I,

1~WE' 'NTy"FIVE'-~-"-YEARI - ,-- S FR~----- 0- M- --'S-IC~'RATCH-'

I ~ j 1 J j "I , " I - : .. - : ~)", . I( j r -~, ' ,- _ ' 1'" ':, I I 1 ;. _" 'I .~ .] ,'.,.!'~' : ~ !

. ' __ ' _ _= __ ~ j I " • • I • _ _ __ • _ _ ,

The Scratch Orchestra Remembered

~, - -. '", all '"' ..... , ..l:!"" '~'

If' 'experimental mUSJ,[c tradition' rs not a

contradictio n m terms th en cen tral to th :--~- a--:- 'r, w- 'co <CJJ'C:O

[ ~lJi IW_ - :lU.' ILl _1 ~_,:' ,[ ~--.I[J.11'1 . .lh~" i ;,:' -~,~_ '._[~.:__.I ,.u W [ i 'J ',,;, al-" au'

the Scratch, Forme, the Scratch was a, central axis in the late sixties and early' seventies, where 'tile majo::rity [of' experimental trends arrived at,

bringingtogetherpeople from avariety ofmusieal and non-musical backgrounds, whol briefly COl-

.' d ...... 'I'~ th - hi' ,...,l.., f k""]'-I d

existe -, ~ as equais '\V1.::~ .i, n,o .r .erarcl Jl'y o'~: s ]! ;s an i,

abilities, All contributions were valued on their IO'\N1l merits,

FIiom, 'that central axis, after the Scratch, people went offin a variety of ,di I'le ctions; but.I believe 'that 'the OJn1,e unifying factor, regardless of the direction taken, was the principle that there

'W- , '!~Hi,' ,o:l:'o; , ...... Item . - a"- . it-11V[ [ ,;a;, r- 0- [ th ie--' mainstream avant ...

_ iit:t.;,;;i rai.!"j:., dll,_ 11.,.,,,"-_,, . :l-1, "l;..,. ~ _. __ ,,_ _ ~~ = ., _

garde.

'L-o.;'Q d -- - - --th~-- - - Cornelius Cardew

r-or me ana m,am:y Oil, ers, '~;-:,:,_i<~ .~'=:i;'IJ. '.,,- [:,iF::'W'

W':~ ,'ag- -- 'd- -1- "c 'pn[ ,'~"n: .cip [ali ' " '0, u _.- g;--~t; ~ll 'Il;O'I" th e o '01' 'y': ;l_""" ,t1, '~-."U' [P"fI'lIIO'''''

,~ IlL J'" " 1, __. ~ L' - 1 .,. 1 ~. iIIi lULU.! ,LdJL 'l.,;..

. c "" " ' '--"",;'" ,I!' -- . ,,' '.~.' ... , '~' .. "'~='. ~", ,>,

and, driving force behind both the Scratch and

~[ J

the- experimental music tradition. I personally

feelhis influence and relc vance is. no lessmeaningful fo rme todav, dU-"1 drteenyears afterhis death, than

1 i ~~ "~ !,,_... !J.,. , _~.? = _ J, !I.,. .,. __ _ . _ _ ~ ,

it was in 1'917,0 when Ljoined the Scratch,

[ ,

Ri,[c:"ard, ,As[eio_gIl

Itis notvery far snort ofthe mark to, saythat the

Sera tch ,0; .. '1'j'!\'=;Jli-:.1 estra :r-,~'p'~:-' resen i-e:, "--.l! rnrnin 'g: -PIQ: m:~' -- ~ t A~",

. ~. ,. _ - ., ~.,JI;. {;I"I_ 'i~l~ J ~ , J ~;': ,dI. ~,~ - .. ,ll~ i(~J ~IU~,.lI1,1.JU1,1l.1 _ : . ;] " 'l' .., ~_, _,

turning point in what way? A turning PIIQ,int En that, with the Scratch Orchestra Cornelius Cardew captured a movement that was d evelopin -ig~', The historv O--"fi' :mu-:r:-~~c~ "_:Oi'O"~'" ,a, w~'-,~h,[o,le

"'-" v "'""~ "", c- I!< • , • H i!:J t.i ..... I ,. ..~ ".~,!II., , ,. , , A. ,~ , . ~

:nJ~~W diifecbon with dl:e: S[cr,atch, O~rCb,lestr[2L, ~Th,at

~m,o'vtme'nt ,ca,rrie:[d al 0-]1 g' e'v'e:Fy'o[,ne \~ih"o[ particip:ate'din,the S!cratdl., N[o: olnie'was unto._ 'ch,ed 'b'y it It crystallise,d, am,o,od for changie ofits tinles~ ,8JRid ,in tum, ,chan[ged ule [direction, [of liv'es,;, Its £uncti.o',n ,as a m:us.ic~aI [construlct fo,r ,ch;an,gin:g' ~p,e,o[pll[,e's liv'es[ a:bild,!es[ in th!e m!em:oFY' :aJl.'d is Dnp-'~Irnlted,m, 'the mns;i,C' '~ (:,ultul'le~,

.',

It is: tru,e tIlat m:e- ~S:crat.dIL Oif,mestr.a 'was aJ},ti[,-

'b-[ 'Ii+ ][ -" ,"' h-' 'm d- 'B ~ 'I !II.t ... ,: _1 ,~, thl-' •

es~ .:a :~ [;' s 'nn.el.1t ]tn, 1 ts cw. ~ O[i-e e _I as ~ .: 'u't, 'lu"Jjj,lli,. :,::: S

was incidetltal to its [existen,ce'~ '\i\fhat seems to m,e 't"IO' 'm' -'--',a-- t-t,]'ler- ~'b·" '0" U" t:' ,~,:,iLe, ' S-Jr~~a-:I_t,:·r·:1L' l~[~ "b'~, "!i1t", l'~''''[i:'J, m' U'f~C,l:I~~[C-~' 'w~-" '0IiC!'

.' ~) ".1, _- , _ J;. Q.{I _" '. ,:U ,It· _' V.lIL,' ~~l.~::J.l .r._ ~l IU 1(I.J J i~ -, ,_~ [_ ~~, '_ I [~

to Ido: 'wiili Pi rQop[le " ,inV[O;"-v':eid pCiop[le, 'd:, ,eir:activities,

j.:L. ... '"' ilL. 'io, ';"d~ ..... 'm .... I h L "d th-

'ule-1T em 0 tl[Q:m , UH~ ell" JIl[: [e,~[,~ : ,.t L~las Uie[e-n, ,S,W: - '-~,~! at,

tlliiJ:' S[cr,atch Oil~,'Ches'tra, was its Oiwn ,au,dienoe,.,

T~h~:-,e-'f",-'e' W-',''::lll('" ~ t.rn:' "':'m;'-- ]~n-: th-~>:a,t; ''':!i''I:"l',d no- to, [0' "n':'-'Y" m'';',~ ,th~';, e--'

... ~ 'r _ _ J " ~ n, I" I', '-" ~, r - '" Uia,L,.I!, 1 '01 ' '~ J I _ 1 , "

',' '. -.- ~~ ~.~ .,,~'~'"~' " ,' .... '.~',.-~~ .. ,,~-=.' .~.' '."

negative sense, The: concept ofan audience as: passive consumers was: alien tOI the Scratch, Right from the beginning its activities were directed towards takingmusicout to people, In this activity the Orchestra ran headlong into having tOI dealll,

ith bi hm 'E, al Id I als

'M,_-: )', an, estan ts ~, .. mentm area wor "i_,p ,:___,t ;.~[IO ran

h ill' I g ,'", ~ t int al q - sti - -- f' d' - - ~ - crac

'[ [e'[~li -':0'11 ID'- 1'10' m -~'~~ , lIU·~I~: ions 0' ~emo- f ~': Y:'J'

':~'~""«!":"_;",," ,,~,l[, ' . .'-::","'~,,I!,~',,.-., :" ',1'1/;".0'::_ . .:., '" ';Ji ,' .. '''['''~~'''''_'''-"''.'':'.''l

h Ierel ~it... It d ,j,'"

, ow people re ate t.o one another, ~:.'!,IO:W' :-'~e'Ci;S~l'o[ns

are made, andwhat their music is all about, In these senses, tile Scratch Orchestra was, always political, Butthrongh its development, questions about whlo[ its mnsicwas for, whatideashreflected,

became 'very livin"g, not at all an, intellectual debate, butthe smff'ofits activities,

In t '''''''',l .. !''r' zu 'p- po- 'll:i~ ("'"j~:~ C[ 'om --- ieliu ,s-, ~'''P- ed -[ th .-- at ~.~,

:', ~l[~,,~ ': ' _nIU)~~'~"~'1 ,",v·" ,LJJil [. O,~l~,_;'~ __ ,' i ,~lILllJ~l

W'Q~'-"1 T .... [·~ .. !:,......_ Qf' u ': p- -', p- - eople's high ideals [Tn.@' Scr -a- teh

_ ~ ~~.w.lIO 'I_I ' ~ ., ,~_~ ~~ ~ lll.""" '., ~~ l!~ ,v ~ ~~,!IP. ~~ ~~~ ." _' J., , "

Orchestra was a politicising experience, it

politieised everyone to varyingdegrees, probably :0,0 one more than Cornelius. But it. also reaffirmed that music is a very human and

hu rnanisin ~ [o~'~:c- tr ~V'l"'VI' a" e<o· M' .... ,'~ activity . ¥.",.n+'L., c-,'no- te n 'f-

':_:_!,.:, :,;t.U,U;.cr', :'6,~ -i_'·· .,_ .. :,'" ~"~I. l~m,~1 -''I,LlI:.:'- ',~iI',,"U..lL [v.'~:,:il.,_,:~",i.!i..,

In this" itwas anti-establishmentin avery profound way, with a significance that lasts beyond the,

vibrations it P reduced, echoes iof wmich are still

1, l~

reverberating, Musicians ign:or:e the Scratch

Orchestra at their peril,

Miph-~ - '8 -=-~',I Cha~Dt:

~ ~e ' ... ~ " .

T'·'·,,·'/·:;'N·T-;~-y·'·'P1~"~_,~·A'~'·S-···Fi)R·-·'O,-:;~,',~aB.ATC:H

. _' - ~ - _ J£.:J c& V rl:i II. ~~ _ _ !J ~. • .1Y:Ir. ~ _ __ _ _" _

I • •••• _

B' Iii! 'D- 'il

i '·nS:D_.! enlD[s

[0- .. i.o:m.:,.:.·.-,! .. ···,.]TI~~:'"I .. ' '1 ... ~.': i~in: eourased sociab ;1:ll::nJi, m"; ~ mU,·il[C':;;C-I

_ en,u~ ~Jr,~ .~~ __ ~' '~~ _ I '~f, ' Ja 'W'~'J/ " " .!lb;l~,

- -

makingboth as a composer and as .8, teacher. He

seemedpessionate abloiuth,lOlw'p[e:,ol:ple' couldrelate to one another in the process ofmusic making, rather 'than continuing the tradition iDf music making 'for its OYm. sake, .. saw it as fundamental

to the constitution of'the Scratch Orchestra, this

'rg·di~ I_!i: · .... · ..... :'~i departure and '-':iIi,,,as-:-· CIO, i"":"'"'·£.U"~ sed and ansered ..I'~.- _~~ .. t~ _' ~ i~I~' _ -,I ~1'~' • ' 'V'¥'j lllU-l .~l~l._ I ~,.~ ~.[L[CI~IiI.'" J

'by his ,app:uent shift ~:,oiw,ar,ds the politicisation of music [and! the abandonment of' individual :J(ies.p[onsib[~'lm,ty·in:fav[o·ur ofcolleetive responsibility

through ideology,

Whllt'w:as. be - ~~'. -, .,~I:\Lig to be an anthenticseareh

for musical expression based [o'n .~ - [e· in ~ rS;trla~t state andurbenlfe, tnmedinto the t[OI" ,- ~ ". :r~~,anism.

of pirCilitical theories [amid, the :11!O;ti.Q,[D 'mat music

l .. iO-,' .... ~~·d': ;£l!,~:'":"e th :Io'~e-' th ,A:·O-O[ ies,

v. ,IUl._ . ~~~ 'y!~ , .~, ~.~~, ~_~~ _ .~l_ '~!I!

Surely we were trying to make folk music. A, music 'born out of' [our ovnt experiences as iruiividualls in file: urbsn, :in,[dus;trialltate:~,.Jus't; as people made music wh.'en. em,ey' carne togetherin our agrarian. mstoiry'!i' 'W'e were ,getting' places,

F---]'i1n-.JI:·, ...... [!O' ..... ,ll·*,~:rn~~v··~[Clo t-_' 0- th e el assic - 'ml:"o- .~ of

~'~ I,,~ ~lll.O rul\r.'~~,,~,~u." J~~ .~c.1 ,~ ... - 1 [. ~~; •• _ =': I,: I L ~i _ I

notationandjnstrumentaiion. 'Fmdin~djr,e:ctways of expression through making the problem [of' relating, the fO:lCUS,~, W'[o:rkin,g' out new strategies to k teep th Ie· spontaneity and b lrilli- t iance alive. lArLa·_--,,-

., ~,I '_" ,_"' ['_I~':" _' .' _ IJi~' ~,.~. -"~~l G-Yl~" _ _ . _],' _" ,r - ' .. ~ &W _ ~,~ -y'Y I-II _

~--' - -

did .it: matter that people could remember it,

r[e:~pie[c : it, like it" and SIO[ on, so long as they could [do it and feel the powerful effect of' being empowered?

Surely it is better to express one's [O:W11 .. life: than, to 'bile continually experi .. encing someone else's expression ofthat same life.

C orn ,.em,·C :I··U' ! .. ~ 'W'-! ~]';C; h eadin g- fo '-':11'" 'an' 0-- --thl '-'- P~''if#" po" ". ('iII'i'i, iC:"e:' n· ~1I1i C" . __ .1 I)_'}~"" __ ') ,~, '11) ~"~. L~ ~~ i2r.\ID-I~I[ -- .1,[,1 I~ [ I! I J_ ' •• ~~ IV I'~"l~l _' AllU:..,

music, By now, if w« had :- 'epi- it UPI, .relating, expressing and Ie' ~~ l[ol:rin.g, the Scratch Orchestra

W·o:-- :,,", ... :ll·d·: 'b~: . [A. ~i .£:0- ·."I"'[~·ijji;li; ·t· [0,-=-: I b - frO. -~ili''''lo·;.n,ed; ~.jt~,~"t.., _ W-~', ~, :'jQ would ';:

_ :__ 'IW._.= '_ v' ~.,~l{_·,'_j V~ '~'~ . __ ' [. tLA]: 'I JI' • J L¥"'r'L,.IU.'[~ I' ~"J _ Ul ,

have '''Jii ,,,:r;b: r ant and effe ctive ':[0" [0- t~i '£':0> 'F' ch '?11Ii"fI1!1!i:F~'

_ 8·\. [¥ ,~, ~ ,.ilL "L ,c;g.;Ii," .!toY.JI,\ _.~ ~ •• ,,JJ!J ;u . , _ ~ . ,1\ 1'1_ . JI!. . .. ,U(IJ,.il'D '"",,.

Instead we have a memory of'a beginningwhose initiatnr Iost 'the: way'~ [Thanks Cor, but - et's 'use the m.em,ol.ry to: ble,gin sgain.

PI ~"!!i; "E'rIll' ~, ,-

___ • .1, £ld 19,0,D.

Everyone mattered, EVER Y()'NB counted We were' all stars ~

W[e' all grot our ] 5, minutes of fame,

There were performances [3. -", QE:H;; Pu,r'oe1],

R- 'W· ,~, ~ ,_.'li'll r- '_.'11'11. - - h -

. .oom, '_ ',~;gr£lo:r-e. ~,. ·._[OI'va1 -e ,'~S everywr .ere,

Aill~b-:le-,rt- H: . ' : e M·","; unich Olym rpic IG~:~·,ant[~:C1'-

.ilUlI_ . "_" ·c .' ." .~' =, ·-.'I!j,iIiA·~~· __ ," __ . .., .l,' .: .' -. . '" .!!i.;iJIi~

It was about [ORDlN,AR Y' people, non- .,

musicians, being encouraged t[OI 'play m ': sic

'i1!It:: ~u

alongside dive professionals.

CO·n1Il·' '. iu e e ra h )i" .d 'Ii us a~JlI t 0"::' ad· •. ',' 'I' hill;;!; .~t,~: this

_ .. _ ... ~.JI;,~ . _!"rjJi 'I:..:__' Ii.". .:' ,". . I'" .. , .. - Lilk 'v' .~. ~' , ~~

b ,1!!: bl d ,. ~~'L. 4001- S' "I ch O ch

Wl enevan .e . .:: earn '\Vl'ui IU ',e '·'[cra1tI;.:~( .. Orchestra,

Io :l]u·'·il··' C, Jag .... ze's notion that all noises ... and all

I ,,_. __ '_ '_" ' __ , _. . • ~', ,'I[ . U,l .' . J. I.. ~ . ~ ~I "

!Ii.:, ''_____:

silences, can be music was the underlying

inspiration. ANY'Q[ E who wanted could play

ar d compose music. This philosophyfreedyoung people fro;', . traditional restraints, leading' on in future years to anvthingfrom punk m .: sic to free:£OlW jazz to (.' lectronically generated music, to the present day whenmost youngpeople consider makingmusic to :" ile the most flllf"j I: !,IT(,g. aspect of'

their lives. I 'think the Scratch had a part in

'I' .. ~L

pavmg tne way,

'Clalr-lol,_" FiBer

Scratchingaround "Iolr,a: ightmour darkness.i.

:"'2".":5:". Years Fro .. ' Sc -'r·'··· ; chi 1;:111', n ';IO(W,':"" c:,;;: ··~f· does-that

.,._ "~~" •• '. • •.• '1" ) ',' J I!i"~ "-." ~~. ~ .,'. ,"

P· hrase con] rre 'UI"p"I~1 Those exp ··e·'·[c·:.';:~g··-:I a '~I':":~'O-'i of

""!. ~~~'L-' 'rfJ-·· .I.~·" ,I :r"" ,[.['·_.Ii._ .. : "'.:: •.. l.I.-1lJ,,-,] - ... ItJlj,J. ... _ . .1 •.• ~.

~ - _

Ki wi percussi onists hamme _ ~:', ~bl' Vli:dtl: sponge bats

on the ends oflUl,plas'ti:r.a.te. j:, ,·;VC drupipe's ,·,~-'~."ay '\!\~en finld tll'fmselves, ,a a lo:ss \V,l;en, faced, \r '~'1,1 ,aro'und,a I,l<mldredp:erf(]nn:~:rs of'diverse ,~ppI"o:aCh allid. teclwcal ab.ility ~ Thlere is, ·1.owev,er, a clear eno,ugil lliik b,etw'een From Scratch:; tile N e\tV' Z[ealat1ld grOlllp' who entr·I.,··ced ,audie11.CeS, in EdinburgJl and e1lsecw I,'ere :durin,g tlleir ,visit to

B· . ~ 11984 d Tb." S "b 0 ch

ni ·· .. :t· ... ~iiTI m':' :~:[ .. an': '!: :'(., ":c' ·r,··a·'.:t[C'"J:l i: "I""; : "estra

.... ~' .. QI!,,!!bI, .. "_, , ~~. :"" , . '.' - ... y_.," ~. ".' ... _,[.

fOUIl,dle:d in London .".···!)7 C.ar:d,ew, P'arsolls ,and

Sk'emptonin.19'69~

A 'h di~ C:--· i' ~

.... mo 'g,~ tlJ :o['se att,en"',,'l,g~~-" ,,-.,·ar·d,e'w's

:- I. _J

Exp,erimental :Music. class on Fri,day eV'lenirng;s at

Mo,:rley [CoRe:[ge (19i618[~169) 'W,a5 Philip Dadslon,

'(-.w.iho·:_· " ..... ,LO- '.....,j[;~:coy' ..... cCir.a .,,;Il,.l~e· I'"'I"III'iII~'ugu' ,· •• '1(*';0·· .. of[ '-Thi-~- . S··-~:cr-·· ~··.-:JiI'iI"-ch·

~'~,_, :'_: r J ~,.11. _ . .1 U. r/' ,&.l~.· ~Ur'I"": I It.llt~ .. \'). -laur., " .. ~l : ~ _ '. :':~"" -.; R·l,,::_ '" "

_' . -

Orchestr,ain LOindon retu·· .. l.ied. to 'Ibis -.··,·.'::--'~'e Nie\Jv

,Ze:alan,d aJ.1dIO~u·iH,e',,'!, ,a bl,ranl::' , of th.le Scmtlm 'Orches[tr,(l,m,":,' . ckl;<,·· i ,d~, i 'n 7',:~:~. ·;";u,gus'" ~ '9'7'!O the

t~"o 'o,rrhestt~ts .' etto:mled, asimu~lan,eious, con,cer~t"

"'th ...... 11, ';;' ~.... f'll." d lil'"' ~

~b..':.;.:! m.tlemat!e p,enOi[~ [ali playmg an,: I -'s, .. entn.g,

3.l1ld SOlme COl,' cel'1:eld, pl:laying~,*

'. TIh,e ,antip;o[de: I. ,,', ·.i:,anifestatio;~1 of' C,arde~i'ls ~il'D'r~t C:o'Dsrtitutio'n f{)if a, S,cr,atch O',r'ch,etra~i' :dissolved. arotll1~ thie g; ,am e' time' as th,e Llo:n,doln ·Ch.,21pterf'**: It ,vm. b'e' int[erestin"g t[o e.xp-.[o"re 'w'.h.at this eormTlem[o,:a:_'~on, o,fth:·· Scratch O'rchestrafs

evanescentflamemis htitselfignitein the minds

" . ,.,._. _ ..••• ' _. ' ~ .":t. ~ " ~. ,I •• - I ,- ~. -

of .. .todav's ['.>.",.' '~':'~:"~"'I .:, .. ,.~ d ~,~~' .. :'!i-l'o

O. [,0 . ,ay S new mUSIClanSI an I 41 ,uSI~~

HI' - ... " ... ,,11 ... , ,~, 11'7' AI hil ". . '!' .... ' ,\" '"', ~ '" 'L .. t, ,.". - • .~ ... ~ ~ - f

nacx m : f"!t- 'WI,,'i'. e It was, m tne p,roloess, 0·1.,

di .' ,Ii, '"' d al f~ 'li-'1,.

. ismtegranon, one ,res![: D, .. ) S;I' o-group 0::, the

(Lond 0" n )':'; Sera tch Orch .e stra briefl :y:. evolved in nto

\..LJf ~ . J t.. __ 1.: .. ~:1 1 .. [~Jl ... '7.~.[L:lJll '_'_ ",,_. _ 1 [_'. :'1. ,:- ~ .' .'~ -:',.!I. \.::' '1: > r,:. '. ;'V"~ ':: ', __ ' 'I: '" . '

th D ed :E~la; b kin' i' ith th th .

e near« r ·'tn8e·.·n·; sem '.1 e.workn ::g': witn ne . neatre

• _ . '. .• - '_' _' __ - ~ - ',' • _ .L!.. • :', or', ~ _ I. I ._ .r . ..

.. ",' R"""" .. r'T_. _,.1' t·· ". ,..".t: '." ' ". d ~".,'~ .~ - - ,c .-.

group' Rscreauo« urOU-1l.U .. 0' perrorm an,". promote

revolutionary songs in s apport of the activity of

th·~'· ,;i;, th ' " (e' :n· C' ". o· InnD' . "i ['" 'i:'n,; 'c.< if pc:.' 'arty. '1" '.' '0' fl~~ 'En'~' : ttl-=- "fi; d f1\jf "':I, ~,;,~ t·, ...

'. ~ ,', .b ':.~. _ -,_':'. -.' ....:.~,&;;l~~ ~ .. :_ I L__:,':. ",' "~~l"'" \J-'-'W'A.f(EJJ~ ~~

Lenini 1~'~I;:[~:t·')· 'Th' (-·· .. ·a~ t -'r' "'=I[~,e' '·'·.lag .. ·:." 'C!'o>o'n:::: ·s·n' , .. .pr:I/~::.· 0'-:"" ; 'to ,~'.~ the

":'''. "Al::'~" ':":"':.'.''''' 'a.Ii,,[U, .. \'\- ~['."~' .. ',' .. 11[1, .. IUI~"m I,_e

.. ,"' f th [n-:l:~ f th Cpo "E~(M' L')

exigencies :01-" .~: -"i,e struggle '0; '1';.1 e '~:. i .. '~~,::" ,~-, to

'.. 'O' b the ferrai f'" b ';0

raise Its nanr er on "., . re terrain 10:; 1.'1[01 •• : rgeors

'I ~<1 'Ii , .

.. ' . ,/ . '. J"aJ. ' . 0' " _. cs

Ie eetoi ,~,.,I_.. ,PI_: ' ... '. 0.,1 :~. '~, f!i

'Wh····: " ... :.... th ..... ,.' .-,1, .. ,... . +, . ial f 't'2··' 5' "',,' __ .. ~

I, ~ atever :. I: :,e cataiync potentia (I, ,._':'! I .: iears

F-· .. JS· .' .. t,~L.,[t I"· ·t" . ··t '11,· t', . """,'lJ!!'" ,'<ii, -. d ,-, - .. ~ ~ .. t.

I"'om L Icra"IU.l,. ,: e .. S ,a J"eas:, m~,e ,;, :;l I·-;,e,cenl

, ,~·iIIl- e"

·"I~:."!8l

'H" 0"" .'

"iP'V'II' 1 . '!iii ...... Q

, I~,~j'''''''''' .'.~ __ ~'.' .. l_

B· IPC" au se 'I~ w- .'''?Ii,'{.'~ s .. ····tu:i d yin :g.'-" W· ",:~'"., ':': Cardew ar the

~ .. .", _. ~ .. _. ~ ~ .J. 1 •• ,_.:... [' ,c ••• : •••• _ • rai,lJIl ... · _,_' art~ ._ .. ~

j ','_,-

'*i me and 'W: Co ~"c_;' th' ;Ii:!!, - efo '. "r.'\e· a' " t ' .. ~ e d to" his" 'r'~ .. 1~'1 d I ~as~·" ,*,1-.. 1ftJi,

'(y"),,. :', ,i!'tl.l.., :,' ~ I, .I.'~. ". 1-~~,I.w:·!'~ 'i: ,I_ :;:.1 '. ,i:. 1,1;" I,: I .', I ; I i~(.;,,' i i', Ul~

simp,le fact of th:e S,cI";atm, Orm.es,u,a:'s exis' ~,enice se,em:ed, pnenectly' natural. '-,'ut . ,': ,f' sh[e,er' SiOlund it mad,e _, 'who oo,uldl h,ave p,re[diete·.·· I that?1 VVher':'~'· e'r

d· li' ·.l1I. dl 1 ,"' '" . ~,

. ,e ica'.'le,1 SOi( 311::',·': 'anguoriO'U,s.,IDlts 'qmetmom,en'tg:

or 2UD'O:rp,h,Q:'us,[ impen,etrab,e imd violent in it.s (mol~e fr:e:quent) 10:1; d, ones,. Scratch M:usiC;t O'DGe e'xp:erien,c.ed, w'as 'nlever '.,0 be £org'ot.ten,.; The tap,es I h,ave lleard, [of thols,e early oon,ceJis ,give absolutely' no i,dle,a ,of wh,at it cw',as really like to be there:; :all,d, th;atpileases me'i ,Ev'en ,a.: 'thle' Lm"e it was O'biVilous thatln,erely listieni'n[g .. ·o the ;s:: :unds vvithout b'lein,g ,abIle tJO see thleir SIOIUl"[oe (I" 'think 'of Psi· ,:~l:iJison) s'o'berly cranking up his, ~am,iophlo:n,e r~ior 'y"; 'e'i\- ~'iJ:'iIIO"': 'ith~:· e- "'r;' r"p-'n'I"[ . ...:m:' 'Ii': '0' , .' ~'o"n c-' ....... ,('1;:11'" '·dl 7''''' ·8< o' ··f ,y". '. o·"u~v' j,'f!i.

.. ,!I.. ~,,!I:,.'. '. !.' I" '~,: Iw'UI:_', ,,', ' I.,,' ~!!I",..I ~. I. :1, I . I ,', I .. I '.'1'--

.got 'to, hav,e Nlon,ey ,~. 'j' 'I[e 1",<:., I ","'j:ank'}, or '.' ,"', .,., th 'it.;.. 'ii!' _11k 'h d' d1 ,-,-, ffilagmmg'"~.-.o,seev'I .. tS'W,~~ll! (:li.,/J.,·; n,los.oun··~.;,at an

..•. j thin][, of Bir,git B·tJr!,~'~ilar,·',,' fes o·oined ,~·~th,

SIn,an' ~'"',g " ,ts.,.,~i· chin,g,ll,[er Wa}l ,al'U'Wl:d,a tl:ni.fyin.g>y narro' : '.ledge :·G:gl. u:p in the ~dJIilll: I ::,' o!f tlle R,oiund, Ho,use) 'was ,a, was' ,e:d, ex,ercis[f:',,, S'il)ilT~/', b'ut. 'y'OU head;

'tIO':": h"?I",' '~, h' tf;!.':~·nl~ tho . _', CJ;lf!!1eC , Y'(/O' . 'IU' c' ··"an· 'I I' 'I'," A"':JiI" e' ··s·,....11 ... ;;,'o:-, 'po :-"1 0'- ,n~·i l

.' '. . .Ia· ~, . .:.._.I~~.:__,,_ ..:..:..__ "Y~" 'I!I ,,1 '. ~ _:__::. ,I, 'I V~ .';. ·':W, , I .:-: .. :

'hi~ ''':S,' t: O"'1Ir1IJ" m'''·· 4..j...:; (:II C,C'!o'i"):~e'..:-.

.r, '_. l';.,.r~), U,L~,1J! l.:_~r'.::,!t

FOIl'" hlsto 11t" like: ~t or nn['" is· 'what. tbLre Scr,atm 'O,··cltestra h,as, b:eeo,m,e';, it is long gOi':e~, All that

music still exists" of CO'UTS,e, music 'which, o,merwise w'oul,d llav,e not b'leen \vrltten; but 'wha. is its ulfluence? Not much; ylou m[ay' w'ell feel, lO'O]ciJlg ar,oun,d at the trenlds in mu,si:c ,in Britain to:day,., B,ut it"s .rather sltbtler than that, for thosle of U:S~ wh,lo w:e:re in it~ I think it is safe .':0 ;g,a;y that li'-d1e of \ivhat 'W'f' Id:OI music.:_-_~~y" [evlen 25 yi··.·:a;rs later" is 'unldertaken"Nith[o'ut 'the implac~, : [, 'owlev:e .. · 'faiIn"-', [of

,37

Passionate a:~~ 'out modern music and art, '. join . e .. .d 'th>e .. ~~. orche stra in '1'9-·,·6',':.9-. an . 'd~; so .. ion found

• J. • I _ • • I .I. Ul I~_ ' = _' _' _' __ ~ '_ '_ .. __ ,1,1 .

,

myself thrown into an, energetic environment wh ere to my~' S:·-IUI:' mrise my m '. u·[~~J."'·~,~,111';d:ie·QjI(:!' however

',J' ~ ...... ,"~'I' ./ ' .. ·'.: .•• .II!!!Ir' .. :_._"".'-~ '_"~l_.' '_Ii!!J' gl,~ "'.:', _l~' 'I' .. :__." _ ~,y.'~

oj;' uld b -,.. .,1. d' uld

tentative, WQr.:·: !l.{ oe taken seriously an ~l WO··!'·.II:'~.

act ually get realized,

~ .,~\ ,:.' 101S'~, as ifby accident, the o chestra became

l,

my' training groundin lc,om_,~ osition and perform-

'"' iO; h ith acad ... · ~

an,c'::''''' 'a~:~I"':!: c-~· ton '1"tl.·I!i.:~·l~~ ~A;m:-,:, ",·",·:·.i .. ·.··:~· ermcmusi-

... ' ',' .,.! ,~'t!!! _,,- ~'.~:- '. '¥lrI'JIl ~. ~'I VYA _ Il . I .. ' - ~ ~,:.__, __ ._ (_ :__ .. _ 'I IA

aU s::i'l. is: 'W'!: atso ~V·· r, It was, yet still possible for v:irtu:aJly' anyone ·~~~O :.~':enerate an lex,citing' music

hich ·'"'..a~~'bI-I -I' 11:d ,~. I .c' d id

·Wl. [ ... ':: '1 :0' creea .'Cl y'" 'WrOW :~'., 'rapoc[- ~ :y' iml. :,_, a 'Wl[.leT'

audience,

H'vor rl~~:any: wanted ts do some JI .. II·'";~.::,g,'r just : ,.:an:·.~e,d to enjo : 'I he <~~ .. ! of · .. eing part of a vast ensen b e, the oppo ~'.'~ un .. ty W[aB. ,~,' . ere fOIF the asking ., It was ,an .' - ~Xl - raordinary j~~ ~)' 'I; :\-! ie·

I _ _.._ -_ I WjllL... . _. I

. .

But it. all len, ded a . '.; 1:_ tha end was mise' .. able.

'The eventual intrusion of'an irrelevant authori .... tarian P'OI Itics was a disaster, 'The friendly ·00·operatior gave way' to mutt al suspicion and param da, and the' ualiness oframp ant. ideology

vi' (~ I ' ...

held sway, '1. was time' tOI de: oart,

It seems obvi 011· lS; now that the orchestra, overloaded from 'birth \V~th. 'wdly differing'inclina-

tions.was bound tOI ''',.. ::~·.;,:!t:.-,gr: ".J .. sooner or . ater,

h '~,1' l~' -', persia - d~1 for ~'O on' '""" ~'.~ ..... ''1' 'b-1i] . d

,w:, ,,~,~ .;n;J~i .' I.~ ,J.I",,~ "~' .~.. '_'.:',1, 'b,: l~ am.taJ . ...:.'Jl.e an ..

sh am b otic, . : rea _-''''', ["~;~ ~,l.'" W,~·>:. something of' a miracle

d ,Jr. i),'L" r- h til ,..

... , an ,1IOlr·IUl,o-s;e· oruswnowere 'I; ,ere at thetime a,

f1en1;aikaJble expe: j: nee,

:")1.. ~':' ~'~~:dJaekID'.D

[T, e Oi - -l - est ··a'was, afantas '''',:c ecllahorarion of an " inds o~',":"J :~~·~~I:: .. renrideas. Enorrnousenergyand

.If!ii.' ,\,( - nsias m' - -. -';(1, c-·-:- ... , ... -' .-" .:~ . ly""'~ 1; "Y'" di a' :AJTUlfi"P""''Il'''f-'

I~, .:aJ, .. l;i ~ 11,:,.··'1. , . i_ ~~ '~." II ·il,:·'· ,,: '. _ '~Ol~ .. II.ru.iL, ...

: .. em' remb .. -_.:-:. being v· "e"ry-"·': Ie'·" thusiastic about

. I:.. H II I _ 1 , I, _" [r _: • • ~.~.t ~". -.~ '." I,. '.. iU II . ~~l •• ~ iUI....... ~JJ " .

_- ..

'~PPII~··~. entlyineor sequentialthings .. Comelins set

'us a task at ~'·, .. /_·orl(=:·y C,o']le.ge:, tJQ prepare and presei tS:OI I' meaningless ac ivity, I remember T..T,o·w·· ~ar~" 'd :C"!~un: .. ~,' tln " g~~ ._ 9U·-p·· .. ·· to ~·o"· m~ ~.' . - th in . a pl,..~ I; 0 .. 10:"0-:' :

C""1.'.... : ,.1.. . .v ., a t - ----,' ,,":~. ..: ~; '. [. I.' -' ~ .I.',' - , .. " '10 ~\",.. "=":, '. iii .

think" It 'was, like being given a new freedom ,~ permissio '. to put a grear deal of'time and [energy into som ... thing \v ,:.,~.:',.~ had nOI meaning beyond

it.selfi

AlB venues came Ulpl, Scrs tch Orchestra me ... i'.l't; were invit.··~d 'to pr~r,ar,e prolgr.amm[es .. ' .. '/ ,\l' p'" -;- op 10' s,:··· ,:. W··~ ,,~:-:-: .~., fo 'Ir',: a wh .. ole I' oncert b:: ased 0', m

"'_"'lJf' ... r .r, '"",I,'~ '_' !._._llt_" I !_'_ .. _'. __ '._"~~.~ _" .. ' •. ~. ~'.~_._I, 1,(

Trotter, 'tiednp/tide [0 ir, in which .. -'~,as, tied tOI a breakwat er 'whil,,~.' i :i';lle 1 tide gradually came in ... He disappeared for ,~: ) white and came backjusrin time, as the W·8'tJe\f was already 'UPI to my ches ,'~

':l~""II'_' 'Mi~:" ,:;iIl"4i-t ~ ·· .. "elI~r .

.J ~1,1DIl1 [' ',['." _.&I '."'_ ..:.__ I

iii) 8'

J:' .

the Scratch Orchestra 'was alw'ays [a, chall[,e;n,gin,gJ ,~'s[ociatiollfll 'of'misitst, U.s,u,a,.-:'-:,y yiou were ma ~." ,~.Q

feel welcome in the lenijghtenin;g' m1[d, sometimes maddening ,mayh.em, that made: for a ldj:ffe~ent 1,~=:_, d' ofm - Ill" [~J~ .,.~-11=,if.c, ,;il.:~" ~i~[ iOli,9t"iIi,ii: rr.th,;ft[g' ~ l' [:-'00 ever been

. .KJU: 1.[" ,'J • t ' -~~I _', ~ I~ ~~~[~ IW}~ lU.~Wl ~l ~1~11 'U.Jh.L.lIi~[ _: 1 I ',I I _- _' ' -:"_ . _ 1 • 1 ~l '., .~ 1,1 •

. .JI: 'M' '", hi 'ii, d '[ r. [Ii

·.·~.e:'~pldi~;·e:ti to!:~;~"':~"[U,I'(~, mstonans _, , :,on ,t,_jli;o,rge'~: .

. •.·· .• ··jt .alle Prevo'SI

. " ..... : .

r • .. ' ',':' ••• '.

'.. . . .. ' .

......... . :

Early' Seratch rehearsals were at 'the>~~~e off

ElI"'lI:[~"'o"'n" : C;,. oad B! "0":' of ,- rem em :blJ, er j-:'"(Jt~:?~'ki:DI:I&'n~'li"iIil:t""O:

lU~: ~ [:_~ J[ ') ~ I", _:~~.:~~ J,uQ_1!I ._[ '~]I r~.' L~ <.'.t-L.~ l _ ~_'.' rJt ~~.:. __ ' ~ :ll ,) ,Jli.\ ,:, 1Ir'l'.~~·_~__:a : .. i,.~l!.l'~~ '_.

the :f1o:om ,"\1i:tb~ Frederic ~ - ": ',elll}S:H who 'w,as sta:ying'

",:'.\tM,!i·:1l-.. '"lIi ''ri [s""- a 'to" ';;.1:-: e \tin~!A :C,""'"ilII,-1 ;-,' :1[, "Ii:"'''~ ''&'i,~'L':li[~ ,~ii~lirni!a in ,: the \w Jl.IU 1 iUJ'" I",,' U.l, ," ." )' ,~"" ", - Y,. . ~ U"',JiiJI ''It ~,~ ~J:.,[~UdIi,Jll[~. ,,:UnitT.

middle of,"· e'ilOOI:r'\m::~~.~~.<~;g'o,n, abigsheet of~": '~p[er:" surrounded 'bi~f a large ~cle '0,: :~,aJttentiv~'e people, F~f'ed,eri,[c commented '\viJn a '~\~' smile that this

(8' ~,"'~' cit: -) 'W"[·,~,,~ a piece of [e' lorn _:l=:,"-~~'\~ 1. .. ' :~e-:I"""~" ,~~,=,C!

! " ~u,~ > ':"~: ""' ,>~ ,' ... ' ~i.I,: [......, .. ' :: ["" ,.:i'\,;,I!'"" "~~[ICU. ,~, "'ii' '~"" [,:- :U .. UJi

m,a~y or may' not h:av" -, been so, but Scratch developed its 'O''iVD, momei turn and as Cage pointed Olut, a compo sition has a ,tife, of its own despite the. composer,

Th dl f" ,," ,," lsed anI"

e trem !'::,;i:I!I'n: : [: [0'· [1!1ic;; ~~IO":lnli'~[ i": [0,-1 acn ~;;,ft,nf' raise : " i: ,

. M ~-_,_,_,~~._ ' "~~JI~I[~ _ l~,~ J ~ ·W'.AI ~}- _ ~~ ~ I ~ ~~ ~

sorts [of' queations 'dlat. seemed at the time unresolva ~ :'. within Sera Jdl Orchestra, [Those

involved 'with, the Scratch l, Orchestra were all '"~ ffected by dte experience, Ev'en am,o!Jlg' :all, this talent there was no star system and, this encour ,~~c .' d an air ofinquiry, It certainly wasn't lillie: place to suck u~p to 'the: British musical establishment or lay the foundations for a knighthoo ," , Scratchwi .~~, , ' ~'~: dsigh ,'W[GtS something

D d- ddfi'~' I b"ll '~In

P1ri:.lo O:IUD'-';-' I'i '''.lji"ii;, ·'!e: 'm', '1''", ~!'y".": ·m"~" #ll.m:O":iraJ-,[Jat~- ;l~~' m;a:n:

I I • • _. _,~ _. ~,,;t,. _ . _.. ~_~'. _'~" .. ~.~ ._.l""" I ' __ '.' ot~'II!I' , ~_~ l""!.I_.I_.. J r

- '" '

'\fvay:s it'w,ag unf"ortu'n8.l~e mat th[e m:aturlty'to :k,e[ ,

it ,goin,g 'was niot :pr[es[en::~,; :alth,iough p[f,o'pl[e [m.d continue '"y?[orlcin,g t[o![geth,[er in [o,thler glloups ,an,d ass1o(iatio:ns estaJblisl1ued i"" 'th:ose Iday,s,,~ ,B[o:,t]h, P[e:[Q[:ples Lib!,e:r:ati[o[:n "'": :nsi:c. an:d plr,ol~ ',ess{',,~[t:, [CuI J!' ~ra1 AsSiO,ci81tion;~ [oJ£' 'wln,reb [COI~m,:e1llius '\~!as s:'f:,cre "~ary" W'ielllf- fr'D~m. ":~~,esle circl,es~, S[trmtm, 'w~as ,a gOlo,d place 'tiD' bie :if'y'[o 1 'w'Ier:e in( ,f,Iies:te:d in, :s[ol:ving' p~'o'ble:,ms, I" e'lati""" " .. g' to p ierf:o'rm,[~n,c,[e" [exp;erim,ent~lJtiion¥1 Dl1pr[o[Ws:atioII1l :mld.piarticlpatiO~ll .ill a'ne'\w' way~, '"")lHe :'~.'Ss;.'~e W',ag, B,ot t[O'just w.lhDu~ ,aib"J'u't, m:e inh,e'rent elitism, o.f:COI:lltjem;p[o[r.ary'mu~si,c, 'bl ;0" :'t, , '+'-'[0, ' ['~![o' [of.::'o"rm', 'eb 'L.,.~',~~ aJ a 1,..,.lo,'u t '~'lJ...ie' Cli"art' ',;i!::Iii, 0" rf' ,"·'4f1-..m~ .- ~ ~Th~-"""""" "~e'

o ~-' •• 'J:.1" L _ U~i'_' ~l '_'~~_' .J!ll.,W.1Q _~iU "= ... IUI· ~ll'" ,,~ -~_'l tU,,1 '_" __ ,~~~ . II III 1,

. "tl"' ~'O" '"' d ~:L A!n ai" - "~11'11" iItM ''''..;!Ii - " -" 0 d -

.qu:es: :' .ins r,alllse[" 'U,ll~:'""~ "_~~'e S:lbW, m ..... :V];ULence: .'.1[: ay

'~;~"waitin;g for solution!~

,L.'lri.!B' ,aUld B," ~'~'d, :S,Clo;tt ,B:ak:er

T,h[e in,a;u,gtlf,al :m,le!e'tin,g [oif' LT,h[e g,(::ratch,

0, J.liIl'"'cl:, ~:e·I~,t"r: ,a, t, "0-: liD· }!, .. p:i!!'!'lll· ... e"" ,~Lt:,.S:,[~ 'K~"[""' :a[ ~;~l ,~['"~n,~~;,(j!; D:"~-,[!o'- I [,.~~:;;, :0, : l'inl

_ ~ L~' .. _ i'liL. ~.~i~_l __ _ _ "_ ~, ~~\.!i _ ~ _ .. It I II I. ~U.lI~,,~.1.~ ~ __ ._ ~J ~I.l

1stJ! 'uiy"· 19:6,19,~ [rThe :D[r,afl 'C;'onstitLlti[Q,n had b[lee '

I , [~

:print!ed in t1:1t[e,Ju-n,[e' issu1e [of'[', :",~,e Musical Tim,e~s,

TH' d"] d-I S .... ',L 0' _I... .

. ,.:, ::OW does ._~ rle ~~ cratcn [ .. ,:rO]L[estr,a s[eJem, n'Oi\N'

,,,.,....!:i',s " [i"l,,~ " . ". -,,;),', '!' -..JI~: tant dr ." --.

m.~b...'r ,"4.:,':.i v'e:ars:,j.' ;". :f: ,a illS tw"lIi,,];' [ ': ~"earn,,~

I-'J·· - ~ ~ - - ~ - ~ -

, .

The expe ,[~',en[oe of' the Scratch Orchestra, at

least of its firs " ?~ 'y,e:~; (its. golden age), now seems like a second cbi1:. t~ I~~: ": dh"c " '0'0' d Tl . nis fe e 'lin' e, g" -, is D' .ot merely

L, '~LL' ~ZJ_j'~IILl',JJ/ '1,[ ! ., ,1",1 ' .. ";rU:-tIIJ-.:.,--,,-': j [ - ;]' ~ ,': .-,Il,I--_I,,:

'" "". '-"- -' '. '-,' -"' ~"- --". " .... ' ~ ~.l_",. """. _"' H_: :,'- ,,,' ,'~~" .... "' ~'o'"

dne to such Scratch phenomena as a craze for

snake '\\i~hi sdes ": '-0, ut th ,#'J, [,c,'m, [ In[h" '!i:II1'!tij~ .: ~1 n-n', ~ ".1;~:,,:g 'ft'A<Ai"th:"~: - ;,gC"" .U;;":"" ,~_" • --- -- _. 1~1 _ ~~~I;U -~" . ,,",.,,: '. _~!I/;,,;., 'i",; .: r" ~tI.J~ V,; ,,- UJIv"""'[":i!!;,¥¥.A1, ':"" _")L,

b otherinz ~a';b~ 'O,:C""~"i:' ,:iL;I~; how ,10' 'Oilt'" '-W: ""~h"": "-y:-' E-::·':;::i:~I~,~':hi'~:'ni[g-;;'.,;" ;o5ii,

:u lIL _ \JI;"A.lJL~O' '.~ _ _ - __ . ~ ''=-1 U:l~ . ]I !l ~" I j V ._ • I~l _J J I~_d_' .~' ~ ~ y' ~ii.~dl, "I~,~,I., -, ~

s,olmd" a,sig,~,:, '1" an action, nomanerhow 'ordinary'

""" '1!;:..t."'~;eo b~ [, ~',1:.,J! 'o;\ci;~:,ilt.., _\~.,::'li ~i~'li,~'l''''e' W·,,·~,O' . cn~' dl.'- e 'r t" 0 b ,iftj. '~iii:1Il

- 'yLrf.I~' .~~~J~l[u_,l 'I~},IiUI, 'g,WULm:_~[.:, J.J L':~.' [: L ._ r-r . 1 [" :' .. I w i~"1 ~I~

,~,1l"!n, azine e"''1''p~.g~i ~n .{"'I;e '. tapping O"::-!"ii[ ,£:1[0 or" b 0 ar' - -..Ji"", "j;,

~,I"Jl~~"~'b ["",,~~ j~~,,)~)~,)I.,~" ., . G~ [ ,~-'O: '_ kI.w. ,11 , [I . ':, ' [. '. _", W" ~

fire burning, [a popular melody. (Some thin _-",reaDy were am;azmig such as actual ,S[1,IOW' plOltring

.f.k t £: dstaeed d'"

onto me 8'[ cage rrom an openea stage ooor [ , tmn g

a S·: er :~ 'f",I,·",J·... 10": 'r' [~'t... [_,,.,..':r'iil'!'~i 'p" e,-£'nirm-' , [~:nl r-cp; 1;n' a' 'L' 0' - 'ft" d: ,nn,

b _' I. :', [~~U,l ' '. '[:!l ~l~~".[~ i I I I. ~",l}v, I, ll~ ,~'_~,;l[~~ I~l_ _ ~ : ,- ,: 1 i '_1 :v,ll,,~,

,39

'We were driving through the De"vo'n conntrvside reeentlv when I asked ' " ter (Psi

,0, "Ii,iJ&',l~'~"'~' ,,'~, ~', ~= "Y w, ,., ~ ,= '" "'.' ", ... ,"~,

'EJ:H'~o'" 'n-' ")'" ''I"",~L~,*, h ~,.,~LO"Ui~t' the Serat .... 1,. 0'" 'r, •• "l""e'eotr"" '.!!'Ji

,i i- ;: ": riiJi I ,I,' l"¥,lI!.IILuil. . :11!l,...' iU.l[,_:;:" :,&,1. "' tU,l[";" , [, J ': ,[,Ui "~" ';Ila,l', ::!il,'~:,'"'

was all about, "'We were attempting to find a eo[ntemp[or,ary,jolk music" came ID[e r,e:p'[ly,~ 'This

li tl .,- ~- h dl' b d 1 ''b ]

was a. rn .~e surpnsing ,.., 'we c" : .. 9;" , ""e,en use'" to labels

ofavantzarde" serio s music an de: high i!"'i::~ But , ' """V'CiU."iL, D""""'" ,', ,Q,",~ , D, mns" " '" '"> " , 'awl,"~ , ~ U "

there was also a recognition,

A:lIit"i,h" '0' IlJlg" , '[b: ,S<[CI' i atch '~[ ctivity :,',~ -W'::' ~:,o: D' 01 thin": , !~i : g,'" 'n~'", ; "'e' ,j,.~,~

~, _H, ••••••• _·rI," -._"', ._,. __ -tJL~-JILlIi, ~~U'Y'~.J '/ L, L ~ l~l I' '," "~L',1l _' ~ U .. Jl,~

m [:" -u- sic 'I, h: ! ear : d' . in i Motu( r'~I:: ','"li'~: as a teen 'ag .. ! g,;:lIIrtl'" =W.· .'~[~' were

" " ,',' ,!iJ.:JtI',_ l I I' I ,l", 1 ',_ 1 _~_ ~',,:_' _=_, U~ _ ,u-Ji!lJfl ~, L\r.I~' '[.,' .. ~JlJ.I 'I j '_ ~ ._. __ '~ _"

'tryrn""""'~ .~'g~" t ofin d ~'- contemporary 1:1 =.: m ,- ,-" ", ''''l'~' [c' '".'w··.··· r h ~: IQ'I:~e-; wh 10,: ,','!,Q

'" _ ,__ ,Ul 11.. l .. ~_~ _~y_,~_,_~,'Jl,I.,.Il., _ V,lI., ,'" ", ~~ __ I., ~'~ 1,., "iiJ!", ~ ~,_,, __ ._,l~

" '.'- '

form, and conten ~ was arising from activity, was

1 yful di ""':11 ,., ~ b ;j.:L ",,',ik,..J.t~ d

'P:"':l":a;': "."'~:. :aD[" .. in clnsrve -botn to otnermediaanc .to

'. J l

participation on die basis [of enthusiasm rather

dum levels [of skill' It W';8tS making a fresh new music together 'that W'aB, important.

Site,flUl, [Sz,czeJlbn,

Th ere are so m 'Ii"l,"ir"ll, ',' m"·"·~IO"-' "';iSlio,ri:;iI'~' some O,f,",l_ .. "~hi·I.'~:, ...... :JIi-..,

,11.['11....' "'!I... ~.' ~ __ ,(;;UJ),y "":..;,..;.'t...:JIi,JJ,Jl"l':l:~,." !Jj1.1 :,.,,,I~,~. W:~, lll .. L

merge Into a, Scratch [oolnage", a11 of' 'whi(~h, I cherish: playing ~£o,r an Italian W'ed Iing outside Caston Hall, performing incognito in 'the forecourt aut Euston Station during at plio'wer ... , workers' strike, the exhilarating !QE,H [concert, ;@P" 'n'~'n' 'go ,to' min d at th em 0" mentofwritin r [g' And th .e

i.iJ:_:'L~ __ ,.,_:~:,:_·:."" ',' "~:~lL _ __'________:~'",~,l __ ~,[----=--_~,_r_,.' __ ,:"'",,,_ ~ ,_'. '-.: ::_r_ ,r .. , 'Vlf"'J1,J.,' "I":>,:~i!,l1Jll""1 _~~"_,

delightful Scratchers; jrrmy mind's eye I see 'them still, clearly, often associated with ail instrument:

Chris 'May' and his recorder; Cornelius and his. cello; Psi and. his, motorbike; and Diatphne 8UI000]'0, mds (where are ," _ ... , Daphn 'e, ;?)I '"":"~th,,·,"": h,~'r . ~ ~ ~~, '"" ,l.m \_w_,= ~ _ .... ~ ~~"' e you" ". A.'" .. , ,~ " VVl. " .. ~ ==~,_

clock Wh[O'S:f ancient chimes she would release with ,~G": impe ccahle senseof'the occasion

.~-¥ ~J' " __ '_ J ~,~ JYJllll':. ,j j ,_"'_ ~~_,_,~ ,,' __ ' _.- ' __ ' ,_~~~' "~-.!I:., " It ,~

I s.u:p:p:o.s.'e ,my most intense recollections are of the tours; the c2tJ:ap sites in, particular: the: ,Sl.OiW

..

40'·

, '