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DEFINITION OF INTELLIGENT
BUILDING :
The Intelligent Building Institute has proposed:
´An intelligent building is one that provides a
productive and cost-effective environment
through optimization of its four basic elements -
structure, systems, services and management -
and the interrelationships between them.
Intelligent buildings help business owners,
property managers and occupants to realize their
goals in the areas of cost, comfort, convenience,
safety, long-term flexibility and marketability."
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V Intelligent Buildings are the buildings of 21st century. They
combines innovations with skillful management to maximize
the returns on investment.
V These buildings keep a watch over themselves and their own
well being.
V They put off lights, shut down air conditioners, check the
water storage tanks, recharge the central UPS in case of a
power failure and switch on the alarm in case of fire.

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V Intelligent Buildings are equipped with robust
telecommunication infrastructure, allowing for
more efficient use of resources and increasing
the comfort and security of its occupants.
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V Building should know what is happening inside and


immediately outside.
V Building should decide the most effective way of
providing a convenient, comfortable and productive
environment for its occupants.
V Building should respond as quickly as possible to the
occupant·s requests.
´These attributes indicates the need for various
technology and management systems. The successful
integration of these systems will produce three
dimensions of building intelligenceµ.
EXAMPLES OF HOW TECHNOLOGY HELPED TO
PROVIDE ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND A SUPERIOR
ENVIRONMENT
à    à
Dimmable fluorescent lighting Optimal lighting level and quality
integrated with sun blind control can be determined by the occupants.
Lighting control with motion sensors Reduces energy use and increases
integrated with security security
Natural and displacement More efficient and effective
ventilation. distribution of ventilation
Use of economizers for free cooling. Energy efficiency.
Individual temperature and lighting Improved comfort is shown to
control improve productivity.
Radiant heating and cooling. Improved comfort, reduced energy
use
After hours control of lights and Improved security while reducing
HVAC integrated with security energy use
Monitoring of IAQ and contaminants. Improved comfort, safety, and
productivity.
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Intelligent
building adjusts rdinary
the inside building there
functional
aspects such as will be
lighting, different room
ventilation, air conditions
conditioning, etc. depending on
automatically the changes in
with the changes the
in environmental
conditions environmental
controlled by conditions.
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÷   Access control restricts how and when


people enter and/or exit an area. Your particular needs
will determine how that is accomplished. Access Control
Systems allow people or vehicles into a restricted area
via identification through coded keys, magnetic cards,
or biometric readers such as hand, face, voice, finger or
retina readers. These systems are used in many
businesses, hotels and apartment complexes.
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- Systems can be programmed to


allow certain users to enter specific areas only at
certain times. Other users can be allowed to
enter all locations at all times.

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  ü Systems can automatically lock a
door or gate each evening at a certain time and
unlock it automatically at another time.
WORKING OF AN ACCESS CONTROL
SYSTEMS

1. First we need a barrier to prevent someone from


entering or exiting, such as a locked door or
gate.
2. Next we need a way to determine who is trying
to enter.
3. A credential reader is used to read the
information on a key or card, to register a
combination of numbers entered on a pad or to
identify some characteristic that the user has,
such as a fingerprint the shape of a hand, a
pattern in the eye, etc.
. This identifier is sent to a controller that has
stored a record of those identifiers that are
authorized to enter the area.
5. If the credential holder is authorized the
controller unlocks the gate or door and the
credential holder is allowed to enter.
6. In many systems a record of all authorized and
unauthorized credentials is stored in the system
for future reference.
  
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V This type of access control is most commonly
used in blocks of flats or apartments, where
access to the front door needs to be controlled
remotely. Communication between the internal
phone and the outside speaker is established,
before authorization to enter is granted
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V A secure pin code entered onto a touch screen is
required, before Access to a controlled area is
allowed
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V Entrance to a secured area is allowed, through
the "swiping" of a pre-programmed card with
magnetic strip through a reader
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V The newest technology in access control,
biometric systems verify a person's identity, by
unique physical characteristics, such as a
fingerprint or retina.
SAFETY AND SURVEILLANCE

V Intelligence with respect to life safety in an


intelligent building consists of the use of high
technology to maximize the performance of fire
alarm and security systems while at the same
time minimizing costs.
V Life safety factors involved in intelligent
buildings include:
¢ reduced manpower dependence,
¢ closed-circuit television,
¢ card access control,
¢ smoke detection,
¢ intrusion alarms,
¢ emergency control of elevators, doors and
¢ uninterruptible power supplies.
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SMOKE DETECTION SYSTEMS
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TELE COMMUNICATION
V Intelligence with respect to telecommunications
in an intelligent building consists of the offering
to tenants of many sophisticated telecom features
at a considerably reduced cost due to the fact that
the equipment is shared by many users. Some of
the telecom features involved in intelligent
buildings are:
¢ private telephone exchange systems,
¢ cablevision,
¢ audio-visual and video-conferencing,
¢ satellite communications and,
¢ electronic mail, Intranets and Internet access
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V An intelligent building starts with an environmentally
friendly design.
V Creating a project that is environmentally friendly and
energy efficient ties in closely with many of the
intelligent attributes.
V Intelligent buildings are designed for long-term
sustainability and minimal environmental impact
through the selection of recycled and recyclable
materials, construction, maintenance and operations
procedures.
V Providing the ability to integrate building controls,
optimize operations, and enterprise level management
results in a significant enhancement in energy efficiency,
lowering both cost and energy usage compared to non-
intelligent projects.
ECONOMY CONSIDERATION :
V Creating an intelligent building does require an
investment in advanced technology, processes,
and solutions.
V An upfront investment is required to realize a
significant return later on.
V It is unrealistic to expect to make a project
intelligent unless there is early buy in on
investment.
V One of the challenges is to educate owners on the
benefits of an intelligent building design.
V This makes the education of both owners and
architects about the benefits of intelligent
solutions critical for success.
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INTELLIGENT BUILDING IN
INDIA
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SOME OF THE FEATURES OF THE IBMS
AT COGNIZANT
V Smoke detection systems
V Bio metric finger scanning systems

V 73 CCTV cameras

V Control of HVAC

V Control of water levels in overhead tanks

V Automatic lighting control


NIIT BUILDING
TIDEL PARK CHENNAI
GATE WAY TOWER AT GURGAON
DAVINCI ROTATING TOWER
BURJ KHALIFA DUBAI
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V The intelligent building is clearly the building of the


future.
V The goal of having an intelligent building only starts
with early planning in the design stage.
V In many ways, this mirrors the design and fulfillment of
many green or LEED projects today, but it uses
technology to provide for a superior space.
V There are enormous benefits to be gained by creating
intelligent buildings.
V With proper marketing such buildings will entice
tenants to sign on with a much greater ease.
V By supporting the tenants in as many services as
possible the building owners also gain from the
profits realized from these services and tenants
profit from the discounts to be had on their end
as well.
V We need to continue to work as an industry to
quantify these benefits, educate owners and
consultants, and to deliver a superior product to
the market.