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Question 1.

Starting with the Department with the largest host number

Student =118 host

2x – 2=118

2x=120

X=7 where x is the remaining host bits

16-7=9 (borrowed bits)

Subnet mask is 255.255.255.128 or /25

No of subnet=2x

=2^7

=128

Interval btn subnets=256-128

=128

Subnet address 172.16.0.0/25

Starting IP 172.16.0.1/25

Ending IP 172.16.0.126/25

Broadcast IP 172.16.0.127/25

Administration= 47 host

2x – 2=47

2x=49

X=6 where x is the remaining host bits

16-6=10 (borrowed bits)

Subnet mask is 255.255.255.192 or /26

No of subnet=2x

=2^6

=64
Interval btn subnets=256-192

=64

Subnet address 172.16.0.128/26

Starting IP 172.16.0.129/26

Ending IP 172.16.0.190/26

Broadcast IP 172.16.0.191/26

Accounts= 28 host

2x – 2=28

2x=30

X=5 where x is the remaining host bits

16-5=11 (borrowed bits)

Subnet mask is 255.255.255.224 or /27

No of subnet=2x

=2^5

=32

Interval btn subnets=256-224

=32

Subnet address 172.16.0.192/27

Starting IP 172.16.0.193/27

Ending IP 172.16.0.222/27

Broadcast IP 172.16.0.223/26

Instructors= 13 host

2x – 2=13

2x=15

X=4 where x is the remaining host bits

16-4=12 (borrowed bits)


Subnet mask is 255.255.255.240 or /28

No of subnet=2x

=2^4

=16

Interval btn subnets=256-240

=16

Subnet address 172.16.0.224/28

Starting IP 172.16.0.225/28

Ending IP 172.16.0.238/28

Broadcast IP 172.16.0.239/28

Guest = 8host

2x – 2=8

2x=10

X=4 where x is the remaining host bits

16-4=12 (borrowed bits)

Subnet mask is 255.255.255.240 or /28

No of subnet=2x

=2^4

=16

Interval btn subnets=256-240

=16

Subnet address 172.16.0.240/28

Starting IP 172.16.0.241/28

Ending IP 172.16.0.254/28

Broadcast IP 172.16.0.255/28
Question 2.